Like Lindbergh, Forensics Has Now Proved Amelia Earhart Led Two Different Lives

Amelia Earhart: The Controversy

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
Misguided Efforts To Solve The Earhart Mystery
About Tod Swindell
The Most 'Important' Amelia Earhart Disappearance Investigations From Years Gone By
Comparing Amelia Earhart To Irene O'Crowley Craigmile (Surname 'Bolam' added in 1958)
About The Irene-Amelia Forensic Analysis Results
The Reality of Amelia Earhart Versus 'Freedom of the Press'
The Amelia Earhart We Barely Knew...
What President Roosevelt Knew, What The FBI Knew, & Amelia's Sister On Her friend, 'Irene'
The Truthful Words Of Monsignor James Francis Kelley About Amelia Earhart
About The 'Original' Irene Craigmile
The Universal Truth About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart: A True Story
Yellow Journalism Tried To Hide The Truth In 1982
Reality Check: The 'Missing Person Case' Of Amelia Earhart

 

2020 Amelia Earhart Vision

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Amelia Earhart in 1937,
the year she went missing.

 
This website was launched several years ago to track a new and innovative, 'Amelia Earhart forensic research study' embarked on by an independent investigative journalist.
 
It marked the first objective analysis of Amelia's 1937 'disappearance' and 'missing person case' to compare her to a once aspiring pilot she had flown with in the 1930s, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, who in 1970, entered the national spotlight as a controversial figure:

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Thrust into the national spotlight against her will in 1970, the
enigmatic, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, (above) held a news
conference and handled the press like the old-pro she was.
 

Note: During the past decade, the now completed study came to be recognized as the most comprehensive evaluation of Amelia Earhart's failed world-flight attempt to date, not to leave out, the most truthful one:

 

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Above: Lines from a note to Eleanor Roosevelt written by her secretary, Malvina Scheider, nine months after Amelia Earhart was declared 'missing'. On behalf of two of Amelia's friends, Jackie Cochran and Paul Mantz, who believed Amelia survived her disappearance and was still alive, the First Lady forwarded a letter from Paul Mantz to Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., asking about the possibility of additional search efforts for Amelia--and she learned about the silent treatment the White House was adhering to toward Amelia's ongoing 'missing person' case after doing so. It wasn't too long after that, in early 1939 as World War Two heated up, Amelia Earhart was legally declared, 'dead in absentia'.

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Above, Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart, 1933.

 

Intro:
Comparing Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile to Amelia Earhart
(The importance of this will
become evident further down.)

Irene O'Crowley Craigmile,
at age nineteen.

IRENE NEE-O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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AGE NINETEEN, 1923

 
Below: Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile, age twenty-eight.

IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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AGE TWENTY-EIGHT, 1932

Amelia Earhart,
at age twenty.

AMELIA EARHART
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AGE TWENTY, 1917

 
Below: Amelia Earhart,
age thirty-one.

AMELIA EARHART
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AGE THIRTY-ONE, 1928

 
In the above display, it is easy to see Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia Earhart were two different people.

Keep going to learn how their lives ended up so curiously intertwined--and the incredible reason for it that managed to briefly surface in 1970--until Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia's family persuaded the press and the public not to pay attention to it.

 

FIRST AMELIA-TO-IRENE COMPARISON STUDY
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STUDY USED DIGITAL FACE RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY

This particular forensic research study of Amelia Earhart's 'disappearance' and 'missing person case' was not only the first to thoroughly compare the physical beings and character traits of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia Earhart to each other; it also included the recent advent of Digital Face Recognition technology while doing so, further enabling it to provide a legitimate, forensically deduced conclusion to account for what became of Amelia Earhart.
 
At this point there is no going back on the realities the study learned about Amelia's ongoing post-war existence as a non-public figure. It is only a matter of time before history itself recognizes it, similar to the way history reluctantly confirmed Charles Lindbergh's post-war, separate life alias of 'Careu Kent' in 2004, thirty-years after he died.
     
 

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Pilot, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
She sometimes flew with Amelia
Earhart in 1932 and 1933.
 

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Amelia Earhart in 1921. After she became
famous several years later, she met
Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
 

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Above, this September 1, 1932 Akron Beacon Journal news photo of women pilots featured Amelia Earhart, outlined in white, and Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, outlined in black. Irene, not yet a pilot herself then, was 'just along for the ride' with the others whom had flown to Akron in support of pilot, Louise Thaden, who had recently been injured in a plane crash. Irene did not begin taking flying lessons until a month after the picture was taken.
 
~~~

 
Before the 'Study Review' begins, once again as demonstrated above, it is essential to recognize how long-ago pilot friends, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia Earhart, were entirely different human beings who did not resemble each other--and were separated age wise by seven years; Amelia being the older of the two.
 
 
 
Therefore, the digital comparison results below would defy logic, unless in her later-life years, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile somehow ended up looking just like her 1930s' pilot friend, Amelia Earhart, who had gone missing in 1937, and was purportedly never seen again:

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Above left, Amelia Earhart in 1937; Above right, Amelia Earhart is digitally combined with a 1965 photograph of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

Below left, Amelia Earhart at the age of thirty; below right, Amelia Earhart is digitally combined with a 1970 photograph of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile:

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Below: Irene O'Crowley Craigmile in 1965

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Below: Irene O'Crowley Craigmile in 1970

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As it turned out, the forensic research study learned that the 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' in the above 1965 and 1970 photographs was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the end of World War Two. In essence, it was as if she emerged from out of the blue after the war identified that way.

By way of the study results, this curious 'human anomaly' is now explainable:

 

 

BEGIN STUDY REVIEW

POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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OAHU, HAWAII, 1952

POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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JAMAICA, 1976

POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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NEW YORK, 1977

Above & digitally combined
with Amelia Earhart below:
The post-World War Two only,
Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

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AMELIA

Whether people choose to believe it or not
is of little consequence anymore. The study
results left it obvious that the post-war only,
Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, did used
to be known as Amelia Earhart. 
 

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ENHANCED FROM BELOW

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Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, the
once aspiring pilot who flew with
Amelia Earhart, is shown above in
1930 with her civil engineer husband,
'Charles James Craigmile.'

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From Charles J. Craigmile's obituary

 
Briefly, in 1928, Irene O'Crowley
married Charles Craigmile, that
left her further known as, Irene
O'Crowley Craigmile. Sadly, Charles
died in 1931. A year later, his widow,
Irene, began taking flying lessons. She
then married a pilot by the name of
Al Heller in 1933, after realizing she
was pregnant with his child. A son
was born to them in early 1934, except
their brief marriage was annuled after
Irene learned Al Heller was still married
to another woman he had children with.
History then has it that two decades later,
in 1958, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile wed
Guy Bolam of England--although history
is not correct there because the Irene
O'Crowley Craigmile who had been
married to Charles J. Craigmile and
Al Heller in the 1930s, and who gave
birth to a son in 1934, never married
Guy Bolam. She had known the person
who did, though, shown on the left,
who further used her identity after
World War Two; a person who as it
turned out, had previously been
known as, Amelia Earhart.
 

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Irene O'Crowley Craigmile in 1934
with her son, Clarence Alvin Heller.
 

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Above, the full frame from an old newspaper photo shows the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile in 1930, between her husband, Charles, and her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley. The original Irene's life changed dramatically after Charles died in 1931, was lined with some hardships, and strangely, by the time World War Two began her person was no longer evident. Her 1934 born son ended up being raised by a surrogate mother figure who he grew up believing to be his biological mother. As part of his contribution to the analysis, in 2014, the original Irene's son positively identified the person in the section below as his 'mother' the way she looked "around 1940", and later in the "1970s", before her death was recorded in 1982. She was not the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, (his biological mother) nor was she the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. It is a little known fact relative to the overall Amelia Earhart conundrum, where to this day no one knows who the person he identified as his 'mother' really was:
 

 

Positive ID Placement Made By The Original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's Son:

Below is a 2014 written exchange between Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller, the 1934 born son of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, and investigative journalist, Tod Swindell. The two first met at his attorney's office in New York, at which time Mr. Heller positively identified his 'mother' in younger and older forms, before he was asked to put it in writing. The person Mr. Heller identified as his mother, however, was not the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, nor was she the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile: 

 

From Tod Swindell: Thursday, February 20, 2014
Subject: Identity Verification

 

Hi Larry,

I want you to know that I am in full agreement with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her to me in these younger and older photo versions, led a very different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to the correct presentation of the facts.  

My conveyance is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for written verification, I’d appreciate it.

Thanks,

Tod

 

From Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller: Friday, February 21, 2014
Subject: Re: Identity Verification

The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. Proof is available. C. Heller

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"AROUND 1940"

038.JPG
"1970s"

Below, when the above images were digitally combined in the analysis, they did equate the same person in younger and older forms:

IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
origjunior.jpg
"AROUND 1940"

IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE
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"1970s"

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DIGITALLY COMBINED

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"My Mother around 1940," verified in
2014 by Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller, the 1934
born son of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

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The post-war only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile
in 1946, FKA "Amelia Earhart," not recognized
by the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile 's son.

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Her once famous look had changed. Nine years
had passed, a world war was fought and had
ended, and the main point was she no longer
  wished to be recognized for who she used to be.
 

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Digitally combined photos from the left (1946-1965)
showing the same person, the former Amelia Earhart,
with close to twenty-years of age difference.  

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Amelia, 1937

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AMELIA AND HER FUTURE IRENE SELF

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The post-war only, Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile-Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965

~~~
To better understand the significance of the analysis results--and the images and information above and below--it is essential to revisit a controversial story that made national news some fifty-years ago:
 

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Above: A newspaper photo showing the
post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile, (surname 'Bolam' added in 1958)
holding her 'denial' press conference in 1970.
The controversial book, Amelia Earhart Lives
 by Joe Klaas, is seen held in the foreground. 

 
In 1970, stories about a new and controversial book, Amelia Earhart Lives, started making headlines.
 
The book brazenly asserted that Amelia Earhart had quietly survived her 1937 disappearance, changed her identity, and that she was alive and well in the United States.
 
Decades later, people who recalled the assertion thought it to have been a hoax, that as defined would have made it, 'a humorous or malicious deception.'
 
It wasn't a hoax. The investigation that determined Amelia Earhart lived-on and changed her name after she went missing was far from that. It had realized that the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was no longer around by the time World War Two began, and the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile not only bore a strong resemblance to Amelia Earhart--but she also demonstrated heavy connective threads to Amelia Earhart's past.
 
Not to leave out, the debate over who the post-war only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile really was, or used to be, was ultimately left unsettled those years ago.
 
As evidence of this, below is a 1974 follow-up story with an accompanying photo insert [that identified the post-war only Irene as 'Irene Bolam'] that went relatively unnoticed in the wake of the Watergate scandal and President Nixon's pending resignation:
 

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The 'Irene-Amelia debate' still continued on after that. In 1982, the New Jersey Tribune ran the below headlines after the death of the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, was incorrectly reported. (Another woman with the same name of 'Irene Bolam' actually died then.)

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After 1970, the post-war only 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam' remained evasive to people who questioned her past. Her obscured existence also featured the ploy of her name being shared with a woman who died in 1982. Through such muddied waters the controversy over who the post-war only Irene really was, or used to be, became obscured. It would take decades to pass before she was actually compared to Amelia Earhart by way of the Twenty First Century analysis, that also surfaced more detailed information about the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
 

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IRENE BOLAM

Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam
1965

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The surrogate mother, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam,
died in 1982. [Program cover photo dated, '1970s']

The two photos above do not feature the same person, although the same name and identity value had been attributed to the individuals featured in them. Incredibly enough, neither one was the original, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.' The one on the right, whose death was recorded on July 7, 1982, served as a surrogate mother to the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's 1934 born son.

If this sounds confusing, hang in there. There's still more to account for it all.

For starters, observe the two photos below taken five years apart from each other, knowing the same person appeared in each:

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THE POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1965

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THE POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1970

At first glance it may be hard to recognize that the same person is in the two photos above.
 
To be sure the same person is there, except she was not the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. As noted she did not become commonly known as 'Irene' in the U.S. until after World War Two. As well, according to the analysis results, the question of the person she used to be finally answered itself:
 

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Amelia Earhart, age thirty-one.
[See comparison below.]
 
 

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Above left, Amelia; above right, she is
combined with her later life self as, 'Irene'.

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Amelia as Irene at her
1970 press conference.
She had no other choice but
to deny her famous past.
 

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AMELIA EARHART, 1937

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LEFT-RIGHT DIGITALLY COMBINED

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THE POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1965

The above comparison results are
not just a coincidence. Before the
the analysis took place, no one
had ever forensically compared
Amelia and Irene to each other.
Now, to believe anything beyond
what the investigative research
and comparison study revealed,
is to not acknowledge the reality
of what the study results convey.
 
 

 

What Reality Now Tells Us

 

Before the surname of 'Bolam' was added to it in 1958, (the year the post-war only 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England) prior to World War Two the name 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' had belonged to a once aspiring pilot who had flown with Amelia Earhart.

By the time World War Two began, however, the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile no longer appeared in plain view. The results of the completed 'forensic research and comparison analysis' revealed this truth in no uncertain terms. It also revealed that a total of three different Twentieth Century woman ended up having the same 'Irene' identity applied to them:

 
The Discovered Human Plurality
of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile

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AGE NINETEEN, 1923

Irene O'Crowley, who wed Charles Craigmile in 1928, is the person identified here in '1923' when she would have been 19. The original Irene's son didn't recognize this photo. It turned out to be a forgery made to match the original Irene's son's surrogate mother.

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AGE TWENTY-SIX, 1930

Mrs. Irene O'Crowley Craigmile in 1930, the year before her husband, Charles J. Craigmile, (shown above with her) died.

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From Charles J. Craigmile's obituary

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"My mother, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, around 1940" as identified in 2014 for the analysis by the original Irene's 1934 born son. She was not his biological mother. He thought she was, but she had served as a surrogate mother to him.
 

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The post-World War Two only 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' in 1946, also not recognized by the original Irene's son. She was not identified anywhere as 'Irene' before the end of World War Two. Below, she's combined with her former self, Amelia Earhart:

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Amelia Earhart, age 38 in 1935...

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...transitions into...

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...her future self marking the post-war quiet return of, "the pilot in pearls."
 

It may be hard to believe and for decades it proved hard to explain as well, yet those who do not recognize the human plurality the analysis discovered about Irene O'Crowley Craigmile--and how Amelia Earhart herself played into it by becoming further known as, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' after World War Two, either have not reviewed the analysis results; had grown to believe something else happened to Amelia; or perhaps they chose (and still choose) to simply turn a blind-eye toward the true, life-long physical history of Amelia Earhart's person that included her name change in the 1940s.
 

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Above, Lord Admiral Nelson turns his blind eye
toward a reality he'd rather not have to address.
 
 
REALITY
 
"People who have digested the material presented in this website up to this point--and who remain unable to comprehend the natural truth it displays, have been blinded by the false history of Amelia Earhart.
 
The spoon-fed to the public, 'false history of Amelia Earhart' has long been this: Amelia's physical being vanished without a trace on July 2, 1937, and it was never seen again. This, plain and simple, is the false history of Amelia Earhart.
 
According to reality, however, Amelia survived her disappearance and changed her name, and she lived-on that way for many years." Tod Swindell 
 

 

 The Negation Expressed By Amelia Earhart's Family:

 

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Above, Amelia's only
sibling, her sister,
Muriel Earhart
Morrissey. Below,
Muriel's daughter,
(Amelia's niece)
Amy Kleppner.

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1982

In the 1980s, when the controversy over Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's true identity resurfaced, Amelia's sister, Muriel, who knew the post-war only Irene through the Zonta organization, was again asked about the, 'did Amelia become known as Irene?' identity controversy. She had quickly rejected the assertion after it first surfaced in 1970, and the above newspaper clipping expressed the opinion she still held toward the matter in the 1980s. It's worth noting here as well; Muriel did not become a Zonta member until after the war years--and the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was never a Zonta member. Any further it is also easy enough to see, Muriel's later life friend, the post-war only Irene, actually DID resemble her sister, Amelia, to a 'T', contradicting her above quote, "It's just foolish. There is practically no physical resemblance."
 
Muriel was a key part of the protection effort that allowed her sister to keep on living a private life after she was nearly outed in 1970. After Muriel died in 1998, he daughter, Amy Kleppner, continued on with the same 'protective' tradition that remained intent on never endorsing the reality of her aunt Amelia's post-loss existence as Irene, along with the Smithsonian and the National Geographic Society. All saw no other choice but to toe the line, of course, with the executive branch of the U.S. federal government, that originally created the cover-up during the World War Two era.
 

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Above: Amelia Earhart's family in a March of 1937 publicity photo, a few months before Amelia went missing. Left to right are Amelia's sister, Muriel; Amelia's niece, Amy; Amelia's mother, Amy Otis Earhart; and Amelia's nephew, David. Amelia's father, Edwin, who her mother had separated from in 1924, died in 1929.
 

Ever since the surprise assertion of Amelia's ongoing survival as 'Irene' surfaced in 1970, Amelia's survived family members unanimously decried it.
 
Granted, Amelia's mother, Amy Otis Earhart died in 1962, so she never had to contend with it. She always maintained, though, that her daughter, Amelia, ended up in Japan's custody after she was declared 'missing' in 1937, and throughout the war she spoke of, 'expecting to see' her daughter again. It wasn't until a few years after the war, and only when she was asked by a reporter, that she said she had 'given up hope' there. Of course, by then her daughter was safely back in the U.S. living as 'Irene.'
 
Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey, (her only sibling) did know her sister as 'Irene' through the Zonta's in her later life years, but she repudiated anyone who said she was actually her survived sister, Amelia, living with a different name.
 
Muriel's defiance never backed down there and it continued on after she died in 1998, through her daughter, Amy Kleppner, Amelia's niece. Amy Kleppner continues to carry on her late mother's tradition of insisting there was never anything to the identity controversy, even though reality clearly states otherwise.
 
Dorothy Cochrane, of the Smithsonian Institution's Air and Space Museum, in recent years communicated with Amy Kleppner about the Amelia became Irene matter, and on February 2, 2018, she conveyed the following that solidly expressed Amy's and her mother's opinion toward the never disproved, 'Amelia survived and changed her identity' claim:
 
"Both Amy Kleppner and her mother, Muriel Earhart Morrissey, repeatedly and strongly dismissed and rejected this story line."
 
To this day, to anyone who asks her about it, Dorothy Cochrane will refer to the 'Amelia became Irene contoversy' as "a baseless story" that investigator, Joseph A. Gervais, "created" back in the 1960s. (Thus insinuating that Gervais, a retired USAF Major and World War Two flying hero had, 'made it all up.')
 
It is unfortunate that Dorothy Cochrane's purposeful disregard for the truth defaults people into thinking it potentials a worthwhile endeavor to donate money to misguided expeditions intent on locating Amelia Earhart's plane, when reality says looking for Amelia's plane is a frivolous waste of time, money, and resources.
 
Due to the powerful sway long maintained by Amelia's family, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Geographic Society when it comes to the Earhart disappearance matter, it is significant to realize how news reporters have never been able to accept the veracity of Amelia's name-changed survival in the face of those combined negative influences. National newspaper and magazine publishers learned to side with their expressed viewpoints, or to avoid the 'Amelia became Irene' assertion altogether. 
  
 

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Dorothy Cochrane
 
Dorothy Cochrane, of the Smithsoniain's National Air and Space Museum, purposefully disregards the truth in favor of the false-history that says Amelia Earhart vanished without a trace in 1937, and her body evidence was never found. Even though Joseph A. Gervais was correct in 1965, when he first identified the 'body evidence' of Amelia Earhart in the form of the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, Dorothy Cochrane's expressed opinion that says his claim was "baseless" exclusively supports of the Earhart family wishes, yet she is clearly biased in doing so, although she is not alone. The same opinion is shared by others at the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society. Thus, whether people choose to accept it or not, Dorothy Cochrane and her constituents are living proof of the active and strongly influential, ongoing cover-up that prevents the public from embracing the reality of what became of Amelia Earhart... after she was declared 'missing' in 1937.
 
This is how the saying, "The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance exists because it is supposed to exist" came to be. 
 

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Above: Lonnie G. Bunch III, the new head of the Smithsonian Institution who took over for Dr. David J. Skorton in 2019, will need to appeal to his own truthful conscience where the obvious forensic reality of what became of Amelia Earhart is now in play.

 


About truth:
 
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer
~~~

On preventing the discovery of truth:
 
"The discovery of truth is prevented most effectively by preconcieved opinion and prejudice." Arthur Schopenhauer
 

 

How The Original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile And Amelia Earhart Came To Know Each Other:

"O'Crowley" had been her maiden name and it was through her aunt, a prominent attorney by the name of 'Irene Rutherford O'Crowley', that the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia Earhart came to know each other. Amelia had befriended 'Attorney Irene' through the national Zonta organization they both belonged to. (The original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was never a Zonta member.)

 
The story about the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's identity being reapplied to the former Amelia Earhart, first began to surface in the mid-1960s. It was the result of a decade-long investigation when it finally made news headlines in 1970--until it was swiftly removed from the public mindset--something propelled by the quick denial issued from the woman in question, the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, AKA "Mrs. Guy Bolam" or "Irene Bolam" as she was identified in the 1970s news article photos. 
 

 
Why The Former Amelia Refused To Comply
 
To account for why the former Amelia Earhart refused to admit her past identity, after avoiding direct interaction with the investigator, Joseph A. Gervais, who first realized and then became intent on outing who she used to be--the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, (FKA 'AE') chose to lay-low. In the meantime she also prepared a press conference she would hold as soon as the book inspired by the Gervais' investigation, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, was published.
 
True to her objective, when the book was released into the marketplace, during the short but forceful press conference she held at the Time-Life Building in New York City, the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, sternly denounced its contents, most specifically where it asserted that she was the survived Amelia Earhart living under an assumed identity. Then after fielding no questions she left the room. Not long after that, she retained a powerful attorney and sued Gervais and Klaas, and the book's publisher, McGraw-Hill, for defamation.
 
It should be clarified that the post-war only Irene did not sue over the claim of who she used to be, rather, she felt the book's insinuation of it was chocked with reckless and misleading assumptions. She is quoted here above some of the complaints her 'lengthy' defamation suit mentioned as it continued on in 1974:
 

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The former Amelia Earhart was greatly angered with the manner the book used in its attempt to reveal who she used to be... and she remained upset about it long afterward.
 
Who could blame her? No one knew what she went through before she became known as 'Irene' and she was not about to start explaining it to anybody. Conversely, had she admitted her former identity then, such an explanation with endless requests for details about where she was and what she was doing from the late 1930s-on, especially during the World War Two years, would have been demanded of her.
 
Absolutely, she was not about to go back to being Amelia Earhart again. She had no desire to reclaim the mantle of the world famous person she used to be. That would have only caused her duress for the remainder of her days.
 
Joseph A. Gervais having pegged her as the former Amelia Earhart wasn't a hoax at all, but the ongoing concealment of her former identity after he did that, was definitely essential. 
 

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By virtue of the Twenty-First Century forensic analysis results, that featured the first Amelia-to-Irene comparison study on record, any further it is undeniable that the person refuting her past in the above photo was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart'. It will take a little more time, but as historians open their truthful eyes they will catch up to the new, verified reality that wholesomely accounts for what actually became of Amelia Earhart after she was declared, "a missing person" in 1937, and then, "dead in absentia" in 1939.
 

 
To reemphasize, within the overall forensic analysis results the now obvious to observe, 'Amelia to Irene' congruence does not simply mark, 'a mere coincidence'.
 

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Senator Hiram Bingham
& Amelia Earhart
 
 

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1977

Above: Distinguished and proud with her
trademark wings and pearls is the post-World
War Two only, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile'.
(Surname 'Bolam' added in 1958.) She was
identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the end
of World War Two. During the post-war era
she emerged from out of the blue working at
a bank in Mineola, New York, close to the
Long Island airfield where she chartered the
99's women's flying organization seventeen
years earlier. Anymore it is obvious, she was
not the original, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
Rather, she was the former Amelia Earhart.
 
~~~

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If you believe the person in the above formal portrait photograph was the 'original' Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, you are mistaken. It isn't even close.
 

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Shirley Dobson Gilroy's classic 1985, "artistic tribute
to Amelia Earhart" book, Amelia / Pilot In Pearls

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The post-war only Irene really was the former Amelia
Earhart. The above alignment is not, just a coincidence.

 
On Coincidence
 
"Coincidence could never account for the kind of head-to-toe physical & character traits congruence the 'Amelia compared to Irene' analysis results display. Especially where the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile; an early 1930s socialite, a member of the League of Women Voters, and a once aspiring pilot who Amelia had known--did not at all resemble Amelia.
 
Anymore, the plain truth about Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance is that the wool was necessarily pulled over the eyes of the general public when it came to what really happened to her during the tenuous pre-World War Two era. Note:
 
"I Hope that I've just got to never make it public." 1938 quote from FDR right-hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., concerning information the White House withheld about Amelia's disappearance the previous year. (See more about this further down.)
 
The same 'not make it public' White House credo about Amelia's fate continued during the war years--and a noticeable 'official silence' toward the matter continued even more-so after the war ended.
 
Today it is clear the historical preference from the post-war era on, that the former Amelia Earhart herself fully understood and endorsed, was for the general public never to know that she actually survived beyond 1937, and in time assumed the name of 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' after it was made available to her. This is why people continued to be rerouted in other directions when it came to what really happened to Amelia--after the reality of her ongoing existence with a different name awkwardly surfaced in 1970." Tod Swindell 
 

Was Amelia's name change the result of a well orchestrated, Federal Witness Protection Program? More than likely, yes. A link to former FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover's involvement with Amelia's well-cloaked existence in the United States from the mid-1940s on until he died in 1972, became too noticeable within the forensic research portion of the analysis.
 
J. Edgar Hoover's 1980, FOIA released, 'World War Two FBI file' on Amelia Earhart featured several mentions of her still being alive during the war years. This, when combined with his war-time and post-war years alliance with Monsignor James Francis Kelley, affords insight to how and why Amelia's post-war decades of living under an assumed identity was shielded from the public
 

"He did speak of knowing Amelia Earhart but I never met her in his company." A quote from Monsignor Thomas Ivory of West Orange, New Jersey, a past friend of Monsignor Kelley's who presided over his 1996 funeral. 
 

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Above: Monsignor James Francis Kelley and Archbishop Thomas Walsh award FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover with an LLD degree in 1944. A few months after World War Two ended, J. Edgar Hoover awarded Monsignor Kelley a commendation for assistance he had rendered to the Department of Justice.

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DEAN MAGLEY

Rockville, Illinois TV news reporter, Merrill 'Dean' Magley, and his wife, Carol, visited and spoke at length with Monsignor James Francis Kelley in 1987, at the Monsignor's Rumson, New Jersey home. After doing so, both were convinced the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'

"After all she had been through, she didn't want to be the famous Amelia Earhart anymore." Monsignor James Francis Kelley as spoken to reporter Merrill Dean Magley in 1987.

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Msgr. James F. Kelley and the
former Amelia Earhart, 1978

Above left: A 1982 newspaper article quotes Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996) in reference to his later life close friend, the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, AKA the former Amelia Earhart, who he is pictured with on the right in 1978. During the last decade of his life, Father Kelley admitted to select individuals that he had helped with Amelia's return to the U.S. and he was instrumental with the process of her assuming the left over identity of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. He also mentioned he served as a post-war 'spiritual guide' for her.
 
A past president of Seton Hall College who came to know many famous people during the course of his lifetime, Father Kelley held PhD's in philosophy and psychology. Yet from the time he disclosed what he did about Amelia, dissenters and non-believers tried to claim later life senility caused him to 'make up' what he did about his long time friend, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. (The post-war only.)
 
People who knew him well, however, spoke of how Father Kelley was 'lucid' when he described what he did to them about Amelia Earhart's hidden post-loss survival and subsequent identity change.
 

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Monsignor James Francis Kelley introduces LPGA golfer, Janey Blalock to Pope Paul VI.
 

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Monsignor Kelley with then New Jersey Governor Brendan Byrne and his wife, Jean; Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn and his wife, Luisa; and the LPGA's, Sandra Palmer.

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Monsignor Kelley with First Lady Betty Ford and Marge Montana.
 

From above, the 'sports figures' and LPGA connection to Monsignor Kelley is worth recalling here. Father Kelley had been a friend of LPGA promoter, Peter Busatti, and he introduced Irene to Mr. Bussatti and famous lady golfers as well. (See the 'hot air balloon' and 'Busatti' photos directly below.) Amelia's last residence before she went missing backed up to a golf course fairway in Toluca Lake of North Hollywood, California. As well, when she was known as 'Irene' in the 1970s, her New Jersey home backed up to a golf course fairway that belonged to the Forsgate Country Club that she was known to frequent, and where LPGA tournaments sometimes took place.  

 

Balloon Rides Anyone?

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The above 'hot air balloon' newspaper photo taken in 1980, features the post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, accompanied by famous golfer, Kathy Whitworth. Especially in the 1970s, after taking over as a division head for Radio Luxembourg, when she was simply known as 'Irene' to friends and associates of hers, by then the former Amelia Earhart had grown to be respected and admired by important people not only in the United States--but globally as well. Those who were aware of who she used to be, of course, never spoke much about her.

 

 "All the admirals and generals
seemed to know her."
 
LPGA promoter, Peter Bussatti, in 1982, comments above about his friend, the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam. Mr. Busatti was well liked by famous LPGA golfers, including Nancy Lopez, and as noted, Sandra Palmer, Janey Blalock, and Kathy Whitworth. His death from cancer in 1988 when he was only 57, was considered a great loss to the LPGA community.
 
Below: The post-war only Irene with
LPGA promoter, Peter Busatti in 1975

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Above left, the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile; Above center, the post-war only Irene & Amelia superimposed; Above right, a profile photo of Amelia Earhart.

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, "When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned how, ""All the admirals and generals seemed to know her."" Excerpted from a 1982 New Jersey News Tribune article where when interviewed, Mr. Busatti openly commented about his suspicion that his 1970s' & 80s' friend, the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, used to be known as, "Amelia Earhart."
 
~~~
 
 

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Tod Swindell

 
A brief retreat: The original, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

BELOW ARTICLE RAN ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1931
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1932

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News-clip mention, May-1933

"After her husband, Charles Craigmile, tragically died in 1931, the newly-widowed original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, shown above next to her plane and mentioned in the 1933 article, began learning to be a pilot in October of 1932. She did well and earned her license in May of 1933, but realized she was pregnant around the same time. She hardly flew again after that, having endured a 'shotgun marriage' that quickly failed and was annulled after she gave birth to a son in 1934, and she did not renew her pilot's license after 1936. Compared to Amelia and Viola Gentry, two 'celebrity pilots' who were both acquainted with her, she was hardly heard of as a pilot back then as well.
 
That's not to say the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was a complete unknown. She hailed from a highly respected family and led a fairly idyllic life after she married Charles Craigmile in 1928, a successful civil engineer. Influenced by her prominent attorney aunt, as mentioned she was a member of the Women's League of Voters before she married Charles, and in 1930 she hosted a luncheon featuring a live radio broadcast to celebrate the League's ten year anniversary.
 
After Charles Craigmile died in late 1931, her life changed dramatically. When she took up flying she proved to be good at it, but she never became a 99's member, the women's flier's club her pilot friends, Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry, had famously chartered in 1929. No doubt she would have joined the 99's, though, had her pregnancy not brought a sudden end to her brief piloting adventure.
 
With her limited hours of flying, it would have been unrealistic for the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile to later become a member of the affluent New York Wings Club referenced above, let alone be so recognized there among its most lofty members.
 
Conversely, the people who knew the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile as the former Amelia Earhart, and indeed there were some who did, were always mindfully discreet of who she used to be. Recall as well, until the name made national news in 1970, hardly a soul had ever heard of an 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' before, as was the intention. By then as well, the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was long gone." Tod Swindell
 
 

After the war, J. Edgar Hoover awarded a commendation medal to Monsignor James Francis Kelley for his service to his country. Father Kelley's 1987 published memoirs mentioned the award but did not provide details for why he received it.
 
The answer ended up being revealed by Kelley himself. During a recorded interview conducted in 1991, Father Kelley mentioned to Earhart investigator, Rollin C. Reineck, that he had written a chapter in his memoirs about his post-war experiences with Amelia Earhart and her becoming known as 'Irene' for the remainder of her days, adding it was omitted from the final version. The explanation found in his book under its cover image below, likely explains why the decision was made to leave it out, and why any mention of Amelia or his later life close friendship with her when she was known as Irene was left out as well: 

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1987

In his 1987 published memoirs, Monsignor James Francis Kelley included the following passage in his "My Reasons For Writing This Book" chapter that begins on page 10:

"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about people who could not defend themselves."

 

Below, taken from a September 17, 1991 tape-recorded interview with Monsignor Kelley conducted by former Air Force Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck:

COL. REINECK: We believe Jackie Cochran was sent to Japan to help bring Amelia home. Are you aware of that?

MSGR. KELLEY: Yes, I was involved with that.
 
COL. REINECK: If you have things of hers [Earhart's] I would like to see them. You are aware that she was Irene Bolam?

MSGR. KELLEY: What?
 
COL. REINECK: Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?
 
MSGR. KELLEY: That's right, yes.
 
 
[Further below, note another war-time commendation Monsignor Kelley received from Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.]
~~~

 

Looking Back: Then and Now 
 
Since 1970, and still to this day, the Smithsonian Institution has continued to field the question of whether or not Amelia Earhart quietly survived her 1937 disappearance and eventually changed her name. While it has always managed to fend off the curious with negative sounding replies, it is worth noting the Smithsonian never examined the claim itself, nor was the claim ever disproved.
 
This is because the controversy over Amelia's ongoing existence with a different name managed to avoid being forensically evaluated back then and therefore was never falsified. Rather, the public was conditioned to believe it was a false claim by news media sources, Amelia Earhart's family, and the family of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
 
Hindsight shows it is hard to blame the Smithsonian for never taking the lead here. As a ward of the U.S. federal government it is obliged to honor 'governmental protocol' where certain controversial subject matters are concerned. Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance was one of them. As Dr. Tom Crouch of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum once put it, "We do not favor any particular Earhart mystery solving theory." If one looks at the past track record of the Smithsonian's expressed viewpoints toward it, this is easy to discern.  

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Beyond the restriction placed on the Smithsonian that has long prevented it from independently investigating the claim of Amelia Earhart's post-loss existence with a different name, in the interim it was ascertained that the U.S. federal government had covered-up an unreported 'different version' of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight ending by way of its executive branch.
 
Note: "What that woman [Earhart], happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public."
 
These were the words of FDR right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., concerning something else that took place during Amelia Earhart's world flight ending and outcome the White House withheld from the public. Other revealing quotes appeared adjacent to it in a 1938 dated, official White House transcript that surfaced four decades after Amelia Earhart's famous world flight took place.
 

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Above: Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. (left) and President Franklin Roosevelt (right) were aware of a different version of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending they never made public.
 

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The above excerpt came from the aforementioned 'official White House transcript' dated May 13, 1938, nine months after Amelia Earhart went missing. Amelia was still considered a 'missing person' at the time. The top paragraph features the end of a conversation between Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. and Eleanor Roosevelt's secretary, Malvina Scheider. Miss Scheider had contacted Mr. Morgenthau about a letter sent to him by the First Lady expressing the interest of individuals who were convinced Amelia survived her world flight outcome in Japan's mandate islands--and they felt another search and rescue attempt on Amelia's behalf was in order.
 
There were eight people present at a White House meeting Morgenthau was holding at the time the above conversation took place, that was recorded by Dictaphone. After his conversation with Miss Scheider ended, Morgenthau, who was FDR's Secretary of the Treasury and a long time personal friend and confidant, turned to his Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Stephen Gibbons, to help him qualify to the others why the White House believed further searching for Amelia Earhart was pointless. Gibbons' "We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure, terrible, it would be awful to make it public" response closed the door on further hope that Amelia Earhart might still be found to those in attendance that day--even though whatever 'evidence' the White House had, it was not Amelia Earhart's body.
 
The main scuttlebutt had been that the 'last few minutes of Earhart's flight' Morgenthau referred to concerned a relay suggesting Earhart and Noonan were intercepted and fired upon as they entered Japan's Marshall Islands air space. The hushed White House understanding was the two had perished that way, even though there was no absolute certainty such a thing was true.
 
In any case, based on her conversation with Morgenthau, below was Malvina Scheider's reply she forwarded to the First Lady:
 

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Below, Malvina "Tommy" Scheider on the left and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt on the right in 1936. Malvina Scheider's duties were many; she was a close friend, personal advisor, gatekeeper, press secretary, and image protector for Mrs. Roosevelt. She made her mark in the White House as the first, 'First Lady' staffer whose role was not limited to that of a social secretary.  

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A note from Tod Swindell: The original response Malvina Scheider forwarded to Eleanor Roosevelt included words that suggested Amelia's reputation would be 'ruined' if the White House disclosed all it knew to the public about what happened during the time of her disappearance. [Morgenthau had mentioned this in front of the eight people in attendance when his May 13, 1938 conversation with Malvina Scheider took place.] In the above version I took the liberty to omit those words. It was my feeling it was added fodder, or 'negative flavoring' that was included by Morgenthau to Malvina that he knew would better persuade the First Lady to demur--should more inquiries about Amelia Earhart's disappearance come her way. And it worked. Mrs. Roosevelt immediately adapted the policy. My feeling remains, though, nothing Amelia did then could or would have 'ruined' her reputation. Just the same, for the record here is the full version:
 

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A curious side note that relates to the same year of 1938, the subsequent time period of 1938 to 1941, and Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.; in his 1987 published memoirs on page 367, Monsignor James Francis Kelley wrote of his having received the following: "July 11, 1941, received a citation and medal from the Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau, for 'three years of patriotic service with integrity and dilligence for the Treasury Department of the United States of America.'" Again, Father Kelley's memoirs failed to explain what he was doing for the treasury department those three years that led to his citation award. Today it is hard to overlook the fact, given what is now known about his post-war involvement with the former Amelia Earhart, that from 1938 to 1945, Father Kelley ended up being held in high esteem by both Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. and J. Edgar Hoover, two top players from the executive branch and department of justice housed by the U.S. federal government. 

 
 
Cut To The 1960s
 
The same high-government-level attitude toward Amelia Earhart's loss remained in place decades later. For instance, in 1966, when CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner, disclosed U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz' admission of how it was "known and documented in Washington" that "Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by Japan", coupled with retired U.S. Navy Commander, John Pillsbury's 1962 comment to Goerner where he intimated what really happened to Earhart and Noonan would, "stagger the imagination", the federal government's executive branch and its Federal Bureau of Investigation, (the FBI) remained ominously silent.

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Above, CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 groundbreaking book about Amelia Earhart's disappearance that virtually exposed an ongoing cover-up in Washington, was a top-ten New York Times "best seller" for several weeks after it was published. As detailed and revealing as it was, however, the U.S. federal government offered no opinion about its contents.
 
 
Cut To The 1970s
 
Four years later, in 1970, after the claim of Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival with a different name surfaced, when he was asked about it President Nixon dryly replied, "We don't discuss that subject around here." [That 'subject' being 'Earhart' and  'around here' being 'the White House'.]
 
Below: President Richard Nixon in 1970

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Where President Nixon's legacy associates his name with the Watergate scandal, it is worth recalling he served as Vice President under the famous World War Two General-turned-President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, from 1953 to 1961. It can be said, eight years after World War Two ended when Eisenhower took office, he stood to inherit an unresolved issue or two left behind by the Truman and FDR administrations. No doubt one of them was the pre-World War Two debacle of Earhart's loss--and the ongoing war-time controversy over what actually happened to her--that featured a tightly-sealed lid.
 
Richard Nixon may not have known what was in that 'sealed' Earhart container, but he certainly knew not to touch it. It was no surprise then, how as rumblings about Earhart continued to grow into the mid-1970s, to be repeated in quiet circles on Capitol Hill, the case of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance grew to casually be referred to as, "FDR's Watergate."
  

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In a 1999 interview with Bill Prymak, the founding president of the Amelia Earhart Society of Researchers, he referenced an AES newsletter that described the war-time account of one James Golden, (shown above) that surfaced in 1978. Golden had served in the Pacific during World War Two and later ended up working for the U.S. justice department.
 
James Golden had learned of Amelia Earhart's and her navigator, Fred Noonan's post-loss survival under Japan's stewardship after they were picked up in the Marshall Islands--and were first taken to Jaluit--then on to Maloelap--and then on to Kwajalein there. He did not know what became of them after that, (he suspected they died while in Japan's custody) but his information came from a classified report he described--that was assembled after the U.S. occupied the Marshall Islands in 1944, then sent by a Marine division to U.S. Naval Intelligence. Golden felt that FDR, who was known for his proclivity for secrecy, would surely have been made aware of it, and there is little doubt he was correct.
 
James Golden later cited how back in May of 1938, when Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. was forwarded the query letter by Eleanor Roosevelt that asked if the idea of conducting more searches for Amelia Earhart was possible for the White House to consider, the request was denied based on this and other information the White House had--that led it to determine more search efforts were not practical at the time.
 
Recall in 1938, the advent of the Sino-Japanese War--a war the U.S. was newly (and secretly) supporting China's fight against Japan with its Flying Tigers effort, left FDR's hands tied when it came to further challenging Japan about Earhart. As well, beyond FDR appearing to firmly adhere to isolationism, the U.S. military was not yet ready for war and therefore not about to provoke Japan.
 
According to Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s response to Malvina Scheider, neither he nor the president had disclosed the post-loss Earhart information they shared to the First Lady prior to her May of 1938 query. As noted, he did however, mention to her that he was willing to discuss the matter with Mrs. Roosevelt later if she wanted to hear the, "not very nice story" the White House claimed to know about what really happened to her friend, Amelia, after she was declared missing. [This is all documented and part of the public record of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending.]
 

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Above, friends Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart. Below,
the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's 1965
photo image is digitally combined with her former self above.
 
 

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Continued from above: To rebuff suspicion from within its own inner circle, via Morgenthau and Gibbons, the White House claimed it held 'evidence' that 'it was all over' as far as any further hope in finding Amelia Earhart was concerned. Yet, that simply wasn't true. The executive branch had only pieced together intelligence reports it was calling 'evidence.'
 
In the meantime, any suggestion that the duo might still be alive in Japan's custody was all-but eliminated within the executive branch constituency at that time, even though it is a sure bet FDR himself still considered it in the realm of possibilities, if he didn't outright know such a thing.
 
Here, consider the following archived sentence from J. Edgar Hoover's World War Two FBI file on Amelia Earhart. Within it, a U.S. soldier recovering at Walter Reed Hospital who had escaped from being held as a Japanese POW, relayed to an FBI agent how in 1944, while being held captive and having heard that Amelia Earhart remained in Japan's custody, he was told the following by a Japanese officer who he had asked about Amelia: "Don't worry about her well being, she is perfectly alright." (See the file excerpt directly below and more details about J. Edgar Hoover's interest further down.) This was just one among several accounts the FBI collected that described Amelia Earhart's ongoing war-time existence under Japan's stewardship, and it is at least probable that not only J. Edgar Hoover, who personally commandeered the Earhart file, but FDR as well was privy to them. Note the standard 'blackout' of the soldier's name and the FBI agent's name:

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History revealed that FDR kept some of his inner circle at arm's length from what he actually knew much of the time. With the Earhart case it was best, he felt, and surely Morgenthau agreed with him, to impress upon most executive branch constituents that the dark inner knowledge [or White House theory, really...] of Amelia Earhart's demise was to remain hidden from the public. The translation of this left the public to assume Earhart and Noonan simply missed Howland Island and ended up perishing in the vast Pacific Ocean.
 
That worked for awhile, and Earhart and Noonan were both declared 'dead in absentia' by the time 1939 arrived. Except after the Pearl Harbor attack, from different sources, soldiers stationed in the Pacific began hearing that Earhart and Noonan had survived a Marshall Islands ditching and ended up in Japan's custody or stewardship in one way or another. Then after the war ended, many individuals from the region Earhart went missing in came forward with first or second hand accounts. [Note: FDR died a few months before the war ended leaving him to take what he knew to his grave.] The accounts commonly stated that Earhart and Noonan, even if they had been fired upon, did manage to ditch their plane on a reef in the lower Marshalls where days later, as the Marco Polo Bridge incident occurred that triggered the start of the Sino-Japanese War, the two were picked-up by Japan's Imperial Navy.
 
This version of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending continues to be repeated in the Marshall Islands by its general population and government officials today.  
 
Below left is a 1987 '50th anniversary' commemorative stamp issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands, depicting Earhart and Noonan's July of 1937 rescue by Japan's Imperial Navy and the recovery of Amelia's Lockheed Electra. Below right is a 2002 Associate Press clipping featuring the expressed opinion of Alfred Capelle, the U.N. Ambassador to the Marshall Islands.           

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"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington and Tokyo, leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan an everlasting mystery." 1982, aviation historians, Marylin Bender and Selig Altschul on the 1937 disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart, quoted from their book, The Chosen Instrument.
 

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My friend, Randall Brink, wrote the classic 1994 Amelia Earhart investigative book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart. It became an international best seller. Connie Chung profiled it in a special CBS news segment. I first came to know Randall in 1996, when I tracked him down to interview him about his past collaboration with renowned Earhart investigator, Joseph A. Gervais. Randall had included the following sentence in the wrap-up of his book, and I wanted to know more about it:

"One tantalizingly persistent account has Amelia supposedly returning to the U.S. and assuming a new identity."

A "tantalizingly persistent account." Right away one notices while the 'Amelia lived-on and changed her name to Irene' controversy was quickly dismissed in 1970, it never actually went away according to Randall Brink, Joseph A. Gervais, and slew of other Amelia Earhart scholars.

Famous crime novelist, Max Allan Collins, (of 'Road to Perdition' fame) had his well researched 'Earhart historical novel', Flying Blind, published in 1998. Within it, Collins referred to Randall Brink's, Lost Star as "the most convincing, coherent, and credible inquiry." This alluded to the new post-war allies of the United States and Japan having quietly ended up joined at the hip in the ongoing, 'Earhart disappearance cover-up'. Collins had included a segment in his book about the suggestion of Amelia Earhart living-on and changing her name to Irene. He also seemed perplexed by the possibility of it being true. This late 1990s time period was when I commenced with orchestrating a forensic analysis in an effort to determine the reality of it. I was utterly amazed to learn one had never been done before. (From an article by Amelia Earhart investigative journalist, Tod Swindell.)  

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Back to the Smithsonian and the assertion that Amelia managed to live-on and in time changed her name: Absolutely, as an underling of the U.S. federal government, the Smithsonian would never look into the, 'did Amelia live-on and become known as Irene' question on its own without being endorsed by the government to do so. Instead, it has always been left to adhere to the practice of discounting the assertion or avoiding it all together. This is still its modus operandi today, even though by now the truth of Amelia's post-war existence as 'Irene Craigmile' has grown to be painfully obvious. Anyone who sincerely delves into the dated 'Amelia lived and became known as Irene' conveyance soon realizes this:
 
 

 

"Nothing is as invisible as the obvious." Richard Farson

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In the meantime all of those other stories, believe it or not [the, 'she crashed on a New Britain mountain; she was eaten by giant crabs on Nikumaroro; she was executed for spying; she flew-on until she crashed into the ocean; she died of dysentery on Saipan...'] yes, all of those other stories are nothing but tabloid trash anymore--and they always were, really--sad to say for anyone who invested money or personal interest in them.
 
Or put it this way: It is time for people to stop investing in them or to at all pay attention to them anymore.
 
Below: At this point, these 'cottage industry' Earhart clubs and others ought to quit misleading people with their differing suggestions for the outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight attempt--that have nothing to do with the truth. It is also time for people to stop supporting their off-base ideas.

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It is time for the activities of Tighar, Nauticos, Chasing Earhart and other clubs and individuals that capitalize on the so-called, 'Earhart mystery' to stop asking people to donate their hard earned money to their misleading efforts.
 

 

2020 Amelia Earhart Vision

This website was launched in 2007, amid an in-progress 'forensic research study' being conducted by an investigative journalist. It profiles the first-ever objective analysis of Amelia Earhart's 1937 'disappearance' and 'missing person case' to compare two women pilots from the 1930s; Amelia Earhart and Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

During the past two decades the now completed study became recognized as the most comprehensive evaluation of Amelia Earhart's failed world-flight attempt to date. It is also the first to offer a bona fide forensic answer to what became of Amelia.

 

 

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Above & combined with Amelia Earhart below:
The post-World War Two only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

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AMELIA

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Above & enhanced below:
The original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. This once
aspiring pilot was acquainted with Amelia Earhart.
Here she is shown with her first husband in 1930, a
civil engineer named, 'Charles James Craigmile.'

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Below: The original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile
is shown in 1934 with her son. History has it that
after Charles Craigmile died, she married Guy
Bolam of England in 1958. History is inaccurate
here. This Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was never
married to Guy Bolam, although she once knew
the person who was, shown on the left, who used
her same identity after World War Two.

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From Charles J. Craigmile's obituary

To understand the significance of the new millennium forensic study--and the images above--it is essential to revisit a controversial story that made national news some fifty-years ago:
 

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Most people who heard about this story thought it was a hoax.
 
It wasn't a hoax. Before the surname of 'Bolam' was added to it in 1958, the name of 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' had been attributed to a 1930s' pilot who had flown with Amelia Earhart. Except by the time World War Two began, the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile no longer appeared in plain view. The study displays this reality in no uncertain terms.
 
It was through her aunt, a prominent attorney by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, that the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile and Amelia became acquainted with each other. (Amelia had earlier befriended the original Irene's attorney-aunt through the Zonta organization.)
 
The story about the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's identity being reapplied to the former Amelia Earhart, began to take form in the mid-1960s. It was based on a well researched study when it surfaced in 1970--before it swiftly went away from the public mindset--something initially propelled by the instant denial from the woman in question, the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam, shown in the above-right news photo.
 
Presently, if anyone has a hard time believing, accepting, or recognizing that the person shown refuting the claim in the above news photo was the former Amelia Earhart--keep going. You soon will recognize it. The analysis results left it obvious.
 
To account for why she refused to admit her past identity, after avoiding direct interaction with the investigator who first realized--and then became intent on outing her for who she used to be--the former Amelia Earhart chose to lay-low and prepare a press conference to be held after the book inspired by the investigator's research, Amelia Earhart Lives, by Joe Klaas, was published. True to her objective, as soon as it was released into the marketplace, during the short but forceful press conference she held at the famous Time-Life Building in New York City, the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam sternly denounced the book's contents, most specifically where it included the implication that she was the survived Amelia Earhart living under an assumed identity. Then after fielding no questions, she marched out of the room.
 
She was angry, and upset for a long time afterward. Who could blame her? No one knew what she went through before she became known as Irene and she was not about to start explaining it to anybody. Conversely, had she admitted her true past then, such an explanation and more would have been demanded of her.
 

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By virtue of the Twenty-First Century forensic analysis results, the first Irene-Amelia comparison study on record, any further it is undeniable that the person refuting her past in the above photo used to be known as, Amelia Earhart
 

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Above left, Amelia; above right, she is
combined with her later life self as, 'Irene'.

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Amelia as Irene at her
1970 press conference.
She had no other choice but
to deny her famous past.
 

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Senator Hiram Bingham
& Amelia Earhart
 
 

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Above: Distinguished and proud with her
trademark wings and pearls is the post-World
War Two only, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile'.
(Surname 'Bolam' added in 1958.) She was
identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the end
of World War Two. During the post-war era
she emerged from out of the blue working at
a bank in Mineola, New York, close to the
Long Island airfield where she chartered the
99's women's flying organization seventeen
years earlier. Anymore it is obvious, she was
not the original, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
Rather, she was the former Amelia Earhart.
 
~~~

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Shirley Dobson Gilroy's classic 1985, "artistic tribute
to Amelia Earhart" book, Amelia / Pilot In Pearls

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It may seem hard to decipher and it proved hard to explain as well, but today, people who do not recognize the obvious human plurality discovered about Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, and how Amelia Earhart played into it by becoming further known as, 'Irene O'Crowley Craigmile' after World War Two, have either been misinformed or are in denial when it comes to the true, life-long physical history of Amelia Earhart's person.
 
Was her name change the result of a well orchestrated, Federal Witness Protection Program? More than likely, yes. A link to former FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover's involvement with Amelia's well-cloaked existence in the United States from the mid-1940s on until he died in 1972, is noticeable. His World War Two FBI file on Amelia Earhart featured several accounts of her ongoing existence during the war. This, when coupled with his late war-time and post-war years alliance with Monsignor James Francis Kelley, offers some insight.
 

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Above: Monsignor James Francis Kelley and Archbishop Thomas Walsh award FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover with an LLD degree.

"After all she had been through, she didn't want to be the famous Amelia Earhart anymore." Monsignor James Francis Kelley as spoken to reporter Merrill Dean Magley in 1987.

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Above left: A 1982 newspaper article quotes Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996) in reference to his later life close friend, the post-war only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile (Bolam), AKA the former Amelia Earhart, who he is pictured with on the right in 1978. During the last decade of his life, Father Kelley admitted to select individuals that he had helped with Amelia's return to the U.S. and he was instrumental with the process of her assuming the left over identity of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. He also mentioned he served as a post-war 'spiritual guide' for her.
 
A past president of Seton Hall College who came to know many famous people during the course of his lifetime, Father Kelley held doctorate degrees in philosophy and psychology. Yet from the time he disclosed what he did about Amelia, dissenters and non-believers tried to claim that later life senility caused him to 'make up' what he did about his long time friend, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
 
People who knew him well, however, notated how Father Kelley was 'lucid' when he described what he did to them about Amelia Earhart's hidden post-loss survival and subsequent identity change.
 

"He did speak of knowing Amelia Earhart but I never met her in his company." A quote from Monsignor Thomas Ivory of West Orange, New Jersey, a past friend of Monsignor Kelley's who presided over his 1996 funeral. 
 

Below: After the war, J. Edgar Hoover awarded a commendation medal to Monsignor James Francis Kelley for his service to his country. Father Kelley's 1987 published memoirs mentioned the award, but did not explain why he received it. His memoirs also did not mention Amelia Earhart or Irene O'Crowley Craigmile (Bolam) anywhere, although during a recorded interview conducted in 1991, Father Kelley did say to one Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, that he had written a chapter in his memoirs about his post-war experiences with Amelia and her becoming Irene, but it was omitted from the final version. 

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1987

In his 1987 published memoirs, Monsignor James Francis Kelley included the following passage in his "My Reasons For Writing This Book" chapter that begins on page 10:

"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about people who could not defend themselves."

 

Below, taken from a September 17, 1991 recorded interview with Monsignor Kelley conducted by former Air Force Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck:

COL. REINECK: We believe Jackie Cochran was sent to Japan to help bring Amelia home. Are you aware of that?

MSGR. KELLEY: Yes, I was involved with that.
 
COL. REINECK: If you have things of hers [Earhart's] I would like to see them. You are aware that she was Irene Bolam?

MSGR. KELLEY: What?
 
COL. REINECK: Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?
 
MSGR. KELLEY: That's right, yes.
 
~~~

 

Looking Back: Then and Now 
 
Since 1970, and still to this day, the Smithsonian Institution has continued to field the question of whether or not Amelia Earhart quietly survived her 1937 disappearance and eventually changed her name. While it has always managed to fend off the curious with negative sounding replies, it is worth noting the Smithsonian never examined the claim itself, nor was the claim ever disproved.
 
This is because the controversy over Amelia's ongoing existence with a different name managed to avoid being forensically evaluated back then and therefore was never falsified. Rather, the public was conditioned to believe it was a false claim by news media sources, Amelia Earhart's family, and the family of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
 
Hindsight shows it is hard to blame the Smithsonian for never taking the lead here. As a ward of the U.S. federal government it is obliged to honor 'governmental protocol' where certain controversial subject matters are concerned. Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance was one of them. As Dr. Tom Crouch of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum once put it, "We do not favor any particular Earhart mystery solving theory." If one looks at the past track record of the Smithsonian's expressed viewpoints toward it, this is easy to discern.  

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Beyond the restriction placed on the Smithsonian that has long prevented it from independently investigating the claim of Amelia Earhart's post-loss existence with a different name, in the interim it was ascertained that the U.S. federal government had covered-up an unreported 'different version' of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight ending by way of its executive branch.
 
Note: "What that woman [Earhart], happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public."
 
These were the words of FDR right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., concerning something else that took place during Amelia Earhart's world flight ending and outcome the White House withheld from the public. Other revealing quotes appeared adjacent to it in a 1938 dated, official White House transcript that surfaced four decades after Amelia Earhart's famous world flight took place.
 

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Above: Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. (left) and President Franklin Roosevelt (right) were aware of a different version of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending they never made public.
 

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The above excerpt came from the aforementioned 'official White House transcript' dated May 13, 1938, nine months after Amelia Earhart went missing. Amelia was still considered a 'missing person' at the time. The top paragraph features the end of a conversation between Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. and Eleanor Roosevelt's secretary, Malvina Scheider. Miss Scheider had contacted Mr. Morgenthau about a letter sent to him by the First Lady expressing the interest of individuals who were convinced Amelia survived her world flight outcome in Japan's mandate islands--and they felt another search and rescue attempt on Amelia's behalf was in order.
 
There were eight people present at a White House meeting Morgenthau was holding at the time the above conversation took place, that was recorded by Dictaphone. After his conversation with Miss Scheider ended, Morgenthau, who was FDR's Secretary of the Treasury and a long time personal friend and confidant, turned to his Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Stephen Gibbons, to help him qualify to the others why the White House believed further searching for Amelia Earhart was pointless. Gibbons' "We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure, terrible, it would be awful to make it public" response closed the door on further hope that Amelia Earhart might still be found to those in attendance that day--even though whatever 'evidence' the White House had, it was not Amelia Earhart's body.
 
The main scuttlebutt had been that the 'last few minutes of Earhart's flight' Morgenthau referred to concerned a relay suggesting Earhart and Noonan were intercepted and fired upon as they entered Japan's Marshall Islands air space. The hushed White House understanding was the two had perished that way, even though there was no absolute certainty such a thing was true.
 
In any case, based on her conversation with Morgenthau, below was Malvina Scheider's reply she forwarded to the First Lady:
 

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Below, Malvina "Tommy" Scheider on the left and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt on the right in 1936. Malvina Scheider's duties were many; she was a close friend, personal advisor, gatekeeper, press secretary, and image protector for Mrs. Roosevelt. She made her mark in the White House as the first, 'First Lady' staffer whose role was not limited to that of a social secretary.  

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A note from Tod Swindell: The original response Malvina Scheider forwarded to Eleanor Roosevelt included words that suggested Amelia's reputation would be 'ruined' if the White House disclosed all it knew to the public about what happened during the time of her disappearance. [Morgenthau had mentioned this in front of the eight people in attendance when his May 13, 1938 conversation with Malvina Scheider took place.] In the above version I took the liberty to omit those words. It was my feeling it was added fodder, or 'negative flavoring' that was included by Morgenthau to Malvina that he knew would better persuade the First Lady to demur--should more inquiries about Amelia Earhart's disappearance come her way. And it worked. Mrs. Roosevelt immediately adapted the policy. My feeling remains, though, nothing Amelia did then could or would have 'ruined' her reputation. Just the same, for the record here is the full version:
 

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Cut To The 1960s
 
The same high-government-level attitude toward Amelia Earhart's loss remained in place decades later. For instance, in 1966, when CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner, disclosed U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz' admission of how it was "known and documented in Washington" that "Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by Japan", coupled with retired U.S. Navy Commander, John Pillsbury's 1962 comment to Goerner where he intimated what really happened to Earhart and Noonan would, "stagger the imagination", the federal government's executive branch and its Federal Bureau of Investigation, (the FBI) remained ominously silent.

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Above, CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 groundbreaking book about Amelia Earhart's disappearance that virtually exposed an ongoing cover-up in Washington, was a top-ten New York Times "best seller" for several weeks after it was published. As detailed and revealing as it was, however, the U.S. federal government offered no opinion about its contents.
 
 
Cut To The 1970s
 
Four years later, in 1970, after the claim of Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival with a different name surfaced, when he was asked about it President Nixon dryly replied, "We don't discuss that subject around here." [That 'subject' being 'Earhart' and  'around here' being 'the White House'.]
 
Below: President Richard Nixon in 1970

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Where President Nixon's legacy associates his name with the Watergate scandal, it is worth recalling he served as Vice President under the famous World War Two General-turned-President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, from 1953 to 1961. It can be said, eight years after World War Two ended when Eisenhower took office, he stood to inherit an unresolved issue or two left behind by the Truman and FDR administrations. No doubt one of them was the pre-World War Two debacle of Earhart's loss--and the ongoing war-time controversy over what actually happened to her--that featured a tightly-sealed lid.
 
Richard Nixon may not have known what was in that 'sealed' Earhart container, but he certainly knew not to touch it. It was no surprise then, how as rumblings about Earhart continued to grow into the mid-1970s, to be repeated in quiet circles on Capitol Hill, the case of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance grew to casually be referred to as, "FDR's Watergate."
  

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In a 1999 interview with Bill Prymak, the founding president of the Amelia Earhart Society of Researchers, he referenced an AES newsletter that described the war-time account of one James Golden, (shown above) that surfaced in 1978. Golden had served in the Pacific during World War Two and later ended up working for the U.S. justice department.
 
James Golden had learned of Amelia Earhart's and her navigator, Fred Noonan's post-loss survival under Japan's stewardship after they were picked up in the Marshall Islands--and were first taken to Jaluit--then on to Maloelap--and then on to Kwajalein there. He did not know what became of them after that, (he suspected they died while in Japan's custody) but his information came from a classified report he described--that was assembled after the U.S. occupied the Marshall Islands in 1944, then sent by a Marine division to U.S. Naval Intelligence. Golden felt that FDR, who was known for his proclivity for secrecy, would surely have been made aware of it, and there is little doubt he was correct.
 
James Golden later cited how back in May of 1938, when Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. was forwarded the query letter by Eleanor Roosevelt that asked if the idea of conducting more searches for Amelia Earhart was possible for the White House to consider, the request was denied based on this and other information the White House had--that led it to determine more search efforts were not practical at the time.
 
Recall in 1938, the advent of the Sino-Japanese War--a war the U.S. was newly (and secretly) supporting China's fight against Japan with its Flying Tigers effort, left FDR's hands tied when it came to further challenging Japan about Earhart. As well, beyond FDR appearing to firmly adhere to isolationism, the U.S. military was not yet ready for war and therefore not about to provoke Japan.
 
According to Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s response to Malvina Scheider, neither he nor the president had disclosed the post-loss Earhart information they shared to the First Lady prior to her May of 1938 query. As noted, he did however, mention to her that he was willing to discuss the matter with Mrs. Roosevelt later if she wanted to hear the, "not very nice story" the White House claimed to know about what really happened to her friend, Amelia, after she was declared missing. [This is all documented and part of the public record of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending.]
 

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Above, friends Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart. Below,
the post-World War Two only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's
1965 photographed image superimposed with Amelia's above.
 
 

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Continued from above: To rebuff any future suspicion within its own inner circle, via Morgenthau and Gibbons, the White House claimed it held 'evidence' that 'it was all over' as far as any further hope in finding Amelia Earhart was concerned. Yet, that simply wasn't true. The executive branch only held intelligence reports it was calling 'evidence.'
 
In the meantime, any suggestion that the duo might still be alive in Japan's custody was all-but eliminated within the executive branch constituency at that time, even though it is a sure bet FDR himself still considered it in the realm of possibilities, if he didn't outright know such a thing.
 
Here, consider the following archived sentence from J. Edgar Hoover's World War Two FBI file on Amelia Earhart. Within it, a U.S. soldier recovering at Walter Reed Hospital who had escaped from being held as a Japanese POW, relayed to an FBI agent how in 1944, while being held captive and having heard that Amelia Earhart remained in Japan's custody, he was told the following by a Japanese officer who he had asked about Amelia: "Don't worry about her well being, she is perfectly alright." (See the file excerpt directly below and more details about J. Edgar Hoover's interest further down.) This was just one among several accounts the FBI collected that described Amelia Earhart's ongoing war-time existence under Japan's stewardship, and it is at least probable that not only J. Edgar Hoover, who personally commandeered the Earhart file, but FDR as well was privy to them. Note the standard 'blackout' of the soldier's name and the FBI agent's name:

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History revealed that FDR kept some of his inner circle at arm's length from what he actually knew much of the time. With the Earhart case it was best, he felt, and surely Morgenthau agreed with him, to impress upon most executive branch constituents that the dark inner knowledge [or White House theory, really...] of Amelia Earhart's demise was to remain hidden from the public. The translation of this left the public to assume Earhart and Noonan simply missed Howland Island and ended up perishing in the vast Pacific Ocean.
 
That worked for awhile, and Earhart and Noonan were both declared 'dead in absentia' by the time 1939 arrived. Except after the Pearl Harbor attack, from different sources, soldiers stationed in the Pacific began hearing that Earhart and Noonan had survived a Marshall Islands ditching and ended up in Japan's custody or stewardship in one way or another. Then after the war ended, many individuals from the region Earhart went missing in came forward with first or second hand accounts. [Note: FDR died a few months before the war ended leaving him to take what he knew to his grave.] The accounts commonly stated that Earhart and Noonan, even if they had been fired upon, did manage to ditch their plane on a reef in the lower Marshalls where days later, as the Marco Polo Bridge incident occurred that triggered the start of the Sino-Japanese War, the two were picked-up by Japan's Imperial Navy.
 
This version of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending continues to be repeated in the Marshall Islands by its general population and government officials today.  
 
Below left is a 1987 '50th anniversary' commemorative stamp issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands, depicting Earhart and Noonan's July of 1937 rescue by Japan's Imperial Navy and the recovery of Amelia's Lockheed Electra. Below right is a 2002 Associate Press clipping featuring the expressed opinion of Alfred Capelle, the U.N. Ambassador to the Marshall Islands.           

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"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington and Tokyo, leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan an everlasting mystery." 1982, aviation historians, Marylin Bender and Selig Altschul on the 1937 disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart, quoted from their book, The Chosen Instrument.
 

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My friend, Randall Brink, wrote the classic 1994 Amelia Earhart investigative book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart. It became an international best seller. Connie Chung profiled it in a special CBS news segment. I first came to know Randall in 1996, when I tracked him down to interview him about his past collaboration with renowned Earhart investigator, Joseph A. Gervais. Randall had included the following sentence in the wrap-up of his book, and I wanted to know more about it:

"One tantalizingly persistent account has Amelia supposedly returning to the U.S. and assuming a new identity."

A "tantalizingly persistent account." Right away one notices while the 'Amelia lived-on and changed her name to Irene' controversy was quickly dismissed in 1970, it never actually went away according to Randall Brink, Joseph A. Gervais, and several other noteworthy Amelia Earhart scholars.

Famous crime novelist, Max Allan Collins, (of 'Road to Perdition' fame) had his well researched 'Earhart historical novel', Flying Blind, published in 1998. Within it, Collins referred to Randall Brink's, Lost Star as "the most convincing, coherent, and credible inquiry." This automatically included the new post-war allies of the United States and Japan quietly ending up being joined at the hip in what became the ongoing, 'Earhart disappearance cover-up'. Collins had included a segment in his book about the suggestion of Amelia Earhart quietly living-on and changing her name to Irene and was perplexed by the possibility of it being true. This late 1990s time period was when I commenced with orchestrating a forensic analysis in order to determine the reality of it all. From an article by Amelia Earhart investigative journalist, Tod Swindell  

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Back to the Smithsonian and the assertion that Amelia managed to live-on and in time changed her name: Absolutely, as an underling of the U.S. federal government, the Smithsonian would never look into the, 'did Amelia live-on and become known as Irene' question on its own without being endorsed by the government to do so. Instead, it has always been left to adhere to the practice of discounting the assertion or avoiding it all together. This is still its modus operandi today, even though by now the truth of Amelia's post-war existence as 'Irene Craigmile' has grown to be painfully obvious. Anyone who sincerely delves into the dated 'Amelia lived and became known as Irene' conveyance soon realizes this:
 
 

 

"Nothing is as invisible as the obvious." Richard Farson

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Above: Lonnie G. Bunch III, the new head of the Smithsonian Institution who took over for Dr. David J. Skorton in 2019, will need to appeal to his own truthful conscience after assessing the now-obvious forensic reality of what became of Amelia Earhart.

 


About truth:
 
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer
~~~

On preventing the discovery of truth:
 
"The discovery of truth is prevented most effectively by preconcieved opinion and prejudice." Arthur Schopenhauer
 

In the meantime all of those other stories, believe it or not [the, 'she crashed on a New Britain mountain; she was eaten by giant crabs on Nikumaroro; she was executed for spying; she flew-on until she crashed into the ocean; she died of dysentery on Saipan...'] yes, all of those other stories are nothing but tabloid trash anymore--and they always were, really--sad to say for anyone who invested money or personal interest in them.
 
Or put it this way: It is time for people to stop investing in them or to at all pay attention to them anymore.
 
Below: At this point, these 'cottage industry' Earhart clubs and others ought to quit misleading people with their differing suggestions for the outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight attempt--that have nothing to do with the truth. It is also time for people to stop supporting their off-base ideas.

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It is time for the activities of Tighar, Nauticos, Chasing Earhart and other clubs and individuals that capitalize on the so-called, 'Earhart mystery' to stop asking people to donate their hard earned money to their misleading efforts.
 

 
~~~
 
Back To: 'Amelia Became Irene'
 
As noted, the 'Amelia became Irene' assertion first surfaced in November of 1970. What too few recall is that several months later it turned into a lawsuit that lasted five-years and reached the New York Supreme Court before ending with a curious, inconclusive summary judgment that is elaborated on further down. 
 
To understand how this all played out back then, the following newspaper article appeared on Amelia Earhart's 77th birthday, July 24, 1974, three years into the odd lawsuit its headline referred to as, "Still Up in the Air" at that time. Easy to read excerpts from the article appear after the 'Preview' of how the lawsuit began: 
 

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Enlarged below is the first paragraph;
find other enlarged excerpts further down.
Automatically, it should be hard for one to
figure why the legal system had yet to finalize
the true identity of the individual in question:

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Preview
How The Lawsuit Began
 
The 'Still Up in the Air' issue at hand in 1974, incredibly enough, was the question of whether or not Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in a stealth manner and went on to assume the identity of Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, who was very much alive at the time--and shown the lower right portion of the "Still Up in the Air" article identified as Irene Bolam. ('Bolam' became the post-war only, Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's added surname after her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam.) It is worth noting that Mrs. Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam was never forensically compared to Amelia Earhart, nor was Digital Face Recognition technology available prior to the Twenty-First Century analysis taking place.
 

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DIGITAL FACE RECOGNITION

Before getting into Digital Face Recognition and other 'forensic studies' that had not been applied to the Irene-Amelia case before, a close examination of the 1974, "Still Up in the Air" newspaper article helps to enlighten. The article was updating a defamation lawsuit that had challenged some of the contents from the controversial 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, shown here:
 

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To individually evaluate some key points the 1974 "Still Up in the Air" article presented, here they are separated out. It is important to comprehend what each one conveyed.   

 
Again starting with the first paragraph:

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Think about that. After four years the legal process still couldn't figure out if the person in question, Mrs. Irene O'Crowley Craigmile Bolam, was or wasn't the former Amelia Earhart(?)
 

Sure it could have. Easily... if it wanted to.

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 The article doesn't include that she did not sue McGraw-Hill and the authors for asserting she was the 'former' Amelia Earhart. She sued for defamation by way of contending the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, featured content she felt was damaging to her character image. [See the next excerpt.] 
 

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The above 'complaints' basically amounted to some libelous ways she felt the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, referred to her person.  
 

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To further elaborate on the above, Gervais, (Joseph A. Gervais, a retired USAF Major) had been invited by one of Amelia Earhart's 1930s pilot friends, the well-known Viola Gentry, to come and lecture about his ongoing investigation of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance. Viola arranged to travel Joe Gervais and his wife and two children across the country to New York from their home in Nevada, covering their flight and lodging expenses in the process. The club he was to lecture to was The Early Birds of Aviation that was holding its annual summer luncheon. It was there,  after he noticed Mrs. Irene Bolam and her British husband, Guy Bolam, and their impressive entrance to the event along with Viola's surprised reaction to their attending that day--and feeling a slight 'chill' (as he described it), that Joe Gervais asked Viola Gentry to introduce him to the couple. In conversation, feeling Mrs. Bolam resembled Amelia Earhart in a haunting way, he asked her if she had known Amelia? She replied "yes" that she "had known Amelia well" and she had "often flown with her." Having never heard of Mrs. Irene Bolam before and hopelessly intrigued by her, he could not resist asking if he could take her picture(?) She turned to her husband, Guy, to see how he felt about it, and as he finished saying he 'didn't think it was a good idea', she turned back to Joe Gervais to politely decline his request... just as Joe clicked his camera shutter. So he ended up taking her picture anyway. [His gut-feeling initiative later proved to have marked a 'Zapruder-like' moment.] After Gervais took the picture she quietly uttered, "I wish you hadn't done that." Below is the very photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais on that day, the way it was presented in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, five years later:  
 

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AMELIA EARHART, 1937

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AMELIA AND THE POST-WAR ONLY IRENE

Note: Investigative journalist, Tod Swindell, came to know Joseph A. Gervais in 1996. He had heard Gervais still maintained his belief that the Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam he met and photographed in 1965, used to be known as Amelia Earhart. As well, he learned from him that a forensic analysis designed to compare her person to Amelia Earhart's person had never been done before--so he began consulting with forensic experts to learn how to orchestrate one. Where plenty of material on Amelia Earhart existed in the public realm to enable a comparison study, it took him years to acquire enough material on Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam to enable a comprehensive evaluation. The past of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile had been thoroughly obfuscated by 1965, and her extended family proved evasive when cooperation was sought from them. In time, though, the results of the study he orchestrated were nothing short of astounding as evidenced by the volumes of irrefutable data and comparison samples it produced.

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Tod Swindell and Joseph A. Gervais in 2002
 

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The analysis revealed this Irene Craigmile-
Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior
to the conclusion of World War Two.


According to record, there was an Irene Craigmile who did briefly know Amelia Earhart in the 1930s. Said Irene Craigmile, a young widow then, earned her pilot's license in May of 1933. At the time she did, however, she realized she had become pregnant out of wedlock and barely flew again after that. Her license then lapsed in 1937, and it was never renewed after that. The 'Mrs. Bolam' identified in the above photograph, reprinted from the picture Joe Gervais took of her in 1965, as it turned out [and as you will see] was not the original Irene Craigmile. Rather, she undeniably was the former Amelia Earhart after all, who had assumed the left-over identity of Irene Craigmile. By way of Digital Face Recognition [see the sample below and more comparisons further down] and other forensic evaluations conducted in the complete analysis, there is virtually no doubt about this anymore... no matter how strongly some individuals--to foremost include Amelia Earhart's and the original Irene Craigmile's extended family members, individuals at the Smithsonian Institution, or wikipedia for that matter as well--continue to try and persuade the general public not to pay attention to it.
 

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PRINT FROM A DIGITAL FACE RECOGNITION GRID

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AMELIA EARHART, 1937

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LEFT-RIGHT PHOTOS COMBINED

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THE POST-WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1965

Below: The original Irene Craigmile is shown with her husband in 1930. Note: Amelia Earhart had first known the original Irene Craigmile's aunt, a prominent attorney by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, who she met through the Zonta organization. She learned of how her attorney friend, Irene, had raised her niece, the original Irene Craigmile, from age twelve on, and so much led to Amelia being introduced to the original Irene Craigmile. 

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Again above & at right enhanced: The original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile
is pictured next to her husband, Charles James Craigmile, in 1930.

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Note how the 1974 "Still Up in the Air" article never referenced who Irene Craigmile was before her "earlier marriage" took place.
 
The original Irene Craigmile's birth name was Irene Madeleine O'Crowley. ('Madeline' was an alternate spelling noticed for her middle name; her birth certificate was never located.) She had been an only child who was twelve when her mother died. She was nicknamed 'Beatrice' ('Bee' for short) after her attorney aunt, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, took her in to further raise her in 1916. Below is a December 20, 1928 newspaper announcement describing her marriage to her first husband, Charles James Craigmile: 

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Dr. Clarence O'Crowley, a respected Urologist, was attorney Irene Rutherford O'Crowley's brother. Sadly, less than three years after Charles and Irene's wedding took place at Dr. O'Crowley's home, Charles James Craigmile, who was fifteen-years older than his wife, died of a sudden illness leaving the original Irene Craigmile widowed at age twenty-seven. Below is a newspaper notice of Charles James Craigmile's passing dated September 23, 1931. The original Mrs. Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, his survived wife, is listed toward the end of the article in the right hand column. Since the couple was not married until December of 1928, they had actually been together less than three years when Charles died as opposed to the "five years" mentioned in the article:

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Charles James Craigmile indeed was survived by his wife, Mrs. Irene O'Crowley Craigmile. Except she was not the person who went on to marry Guy Bolam of England in 1958. That person was the former Amelia Earhart, who was given the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's identity to use after World War Two and for the remainder of her days.

 

The Lawsuit Outcome

When the defamation lawsuit finally concluded with a summary judgment handed down in January of 1976, Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam, [AKA the former Amelia Earhart] was not awarded $1.5 million dollars. Instead, the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company was ordered to pay her $60 thousand dollars for the damaging, non-provable conjecture about her it allowed to appear in the book Amelia Earhart Lives. When it came to Joseph A. Gervais and Joe Klaas, though, they held their ground and insisted Mrs. Craigmile-Bolam provide some kind of positive identification measure, such as fingerprints, to once and for all prove she was not the former Amelia Earhart. She refused to do so, and thus was ordered to exchange $10 dollars of consideration with Gervais and Klaas.

Although it was barely noticed at the time, this is how her defamation case against retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais and Joe Klaas ended.

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Amelia Earhart, 1935
 
"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous." A quote from famous pilot, Jackie Cochran recalling her friend, Amelia Earhart. Jackie also mentioned that during the year Amelia was prepping for her world flight she was "closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Jackie's husband, Floyd Odlum helped finance Amelia's 1937 world flight effort. Note: Jackie Cochran was the first woman to enter Japan immediately after VJ Day and was later ascertained to have been involved with Amelia's non-publicized return to the U.S.
 

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November, 1970, the former Amelia Earhart, AKA Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam was ready to take on the press in order to preserve her dignity and the legacy of who she used to be.
 
 

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"I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart." the post-war only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam was convincing when she stated this at her press conference in response to the assertion that she was the former Amelia Earhart made by retired Air Force Major, Joseph A. Gervais, found in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, shown above in the foreground. Although her denials were accepted then, decades later, Tod Swindell's thorough analysis of the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's background combined with his human comparison study revealed that she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the conclusion of World War Two, enabling the conclusion of a reality long unrecognized: The post-war only Irene most definitely had been previously known as, Amelia Earhart.
 

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Amelia Earhart
 
 

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Amelia and her future 'Irene' self combined
 
 

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THE POST WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1965

Left and Right, where one has trouble recognizing the former Amelia Earhart in either of these two '1965 & 1970' photos, this is understandable. Except the same person is in both photos and she did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. The image of any particular individual may sometimes be hard to recognize as one in the same depending on expression, pose, lighting, and in this case of course, an age difference that would include style changes in both hair and clothing. There's also Amelia herself during the 1930s. For example, take a look at the two photos of her below taken about a year apart from each other: 

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THE POST WAR ONLY IRENE O'CROWLEY CRAIGMILE-BOLAM, 1970

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Photographs of Amelia Earhart are plenty but they are not always consistently recognizable. In this example, when one compares the 1937 photo of her on the left to the 1936 photo of her on the right, it's hard to see the same person.
 

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AMELIA EARHART, 1937

 
 
Below: Solving The 'Height' Debate
 
The original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's height was listed as 5'4". Amelia was about 5'7" and often wore heels that left her looking taller, as much as 5'9" or so. Where it was said the post-war only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile was too short compared to Amelia Earhart, once again the suggestion was void of a comparison study. Here below, a head-to-toe comparison using a photo of the post-war only Irene O'Crowley Craigmile-Bolam taken in 1964 on a bridge in Paris, France, reveals the height congruence:
 

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Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, Viola Gentry
 

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