The Obfuscated Reality Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...

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Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Public Never Knew What Happened To Amelia
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
TIGHAR's Misguided 'Nikumaroro Castaways' Claim
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...
Photo Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Options For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

This website previews the long term forensic analysis and MSS, Protecting Earhart scheduled for publication this year. [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


The U.S. Military Became Aware Of Amelia's
Plight During The World War Two Era...
In 1965, U.S. Pacific Fleet Admiral, Chester Nimitz described how the knowledge of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan having ended up in Japan's custody in the Marshall Islands in 1937 was "documented in Washington." As well, after his retirement, Admiral Richard Blackburn Black, a former U.S. Naval Intelligence officer who was assigned to monitor Amelia's world flight aboard the Coast Guard cutter 'Itasca' in the Pacific, stated that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ending up in Japan's custody was, "known and passed through military channels."

Admiral Chester Nimitz
Assumed command of the Marshall Islands in 1944, confirmed Amelia went down there in 1937

Rear Admiral Richard Blackburn Black
On Admiral Byrd's arctic expedition before becoming intricately involved with Amelia's world flight

The U.S. State Department Gained An Awareness As Well...
Below, twenty-seven years ago [in 1990] the U.S. State Department's awkward confirmation of Amelia Earhart's continued survival in Japan's custody after her disappearance went largely unnoticed:

Former Secretary of State, James A. Baker III

Senator Daniel Inouye [1924-2012]
A decorated WWII hero, Daniel Inouye served in the Senate for forty-nine years

In 1990, after being formally requested by Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii to explain a discovered World War Two, "Earhart, Amelia: Special War Problems" file, Secretary of State, James Baker III's office confirmed a 1945 end-of-war Japanese civilian internment camp liberation telegram contained in the file had, "concerned Amelia Earhart." [The previously classified file was found and made public by State Department employee, Patricia Morton. The State Department's reply to Senator Inouye was sure to include how Ms. Morton, "was not acting in an official capacity" when she first shared her discovery with the press in 1987.]

A Closer Look At Admiral Nimitz' 1960s' Disclosure
From above, consider the 1965 words of World War Two Pacific Fleet Commander, Admiral Chester Nimitz, who described how even though their actual fate was never publicly advertised, the controversial reality of Earhart and Noonan ending up in the Marshall Islands in Japan's custody was long ago, 'known and documented in Washington.' 1965 was over fifty-years ago. In subsequent years, the public barely noticed as the great admiral's disclosure was swept under the rug of official history. In time though, the verisimilitude of his admission was deemed credible by the most formidable follow-up investigators who studied Amelia Earhart's disappearance. Not to leave out, in the Marshall Islands it was always recognized that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there in 1937, leaving the more serious debate among investigators to focus on what became of them after that(?) In Amelia's case, over time her post-loss survival as one of three different people attributed to the same 'Irene' identity became obvious--especially after Protecting Earhart's ten-year forensic evaluation of the Gervais-Irene took place in the new millennium.

As the Gervais-Irene in Cocoa Beach, Florida, 1965
...she transitions....
...a 1935 photo of her former self...
...Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia Earhart, 1933

Amelia, 1928

Classic Amelia, the blend begins.

Orville Wright & Amelia

Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Two photos superimposed.
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1965 / Amelia,1933
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1963 / Amelia,1928
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1976 / Amelia,1932
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
As the Gervais-Irene, 1978 / as Amelia, 1929

The Gervais-Irene, Yugoslavia-1976...
...superimposed with her former self...
....Amelia Earhart
She was known by different names in different eras.


From the early to mid-1960s, KCBS Radio investigative journalist, Fred Goerner was granted several interviews with Admiral Chester Nimitz pertaining to the true outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight. The great Admiral confided in Goerner that Amelia ended up in Japan's custody in 1937 after going down in the Marshall Islands. Goerner affirmed such a truth after conducting his own deep investigation, and soon after, his 1966 groundbreaking book, The Search For Amelia Earhart found itself on the New York Times Best-Seller list for twelve straight weeks. The fallout Goerner caused along with the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, led to strong influences geared toward diverting news media outlets away from conveying the most controversial realities of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending to the public. Amazingly, the tradition of safe, if not biased reporting in the U.S. when it comes to addressing Amelia Earhart's disappearance continues to remain in place today.

After his revealing disclosure of, "Earhart and her navigator did go down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese" was made--that still remained 'classified' information in the 1960s--it appeared to be a common assumption among the admiral's peers who shared his level of intelligence, that Amelia and Fred Noonan died at some point while in Japan's custody. The idea of Amelia somehow continuing to live-on wasn't even considered until after the 1960s, when USAF Major turned Earhart disappearance investigator, Joe Gervais went public with his assertion that in 1965 he had 'met and recognized' the woman who used to be known as Amelia Earhart living as Mrs. Irene Bolam. Facing countless critics and naysayers as the decades passed, Major Gervais never disavowed his claim. What's more, he was never proven wrong. He died in 2005. 

FDR's Administration Knew Something About
Amelia's Flight Outcome The Public Didn't Know...
When addressing the outcome of the 1937 world flight Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan fell short of completing, this much is certain: The truth was never supposed to become public information:
"It isn't a very nice story. I hope that I've just got to never make it public." 1938, White House Cabinet member and FDR right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. comments on his reluctance to share what the White House knew about Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome. Lost in the shuffle of the World War Two era, the White House never did 'make public' what it came to know.

President Franklin Roosevelt's cabinet, late 1930s
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. is seated to the left of the President

Of Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., whose friendship with FDR dated back to 1915, Eleanor Roosevelt recalled: “For so many years, both as friends and as workers, my husband and I were closely associated with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Morgenthau, Jr. It is interesting to know that my husband never held a political office from the time of his governorship of New York State without having Henry Morgenthau, Jr., in some way in his official family. There was an underlying deep devotion and trust which never really wavered.” 

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR

More than his Secretary of the Treasury title entailed, the FDR Library references Henry Morgenthau, Jr. as “a personal friend of FDR and one of the most significant figures of the Roosevelt Administration.” Of the FDR Library’s Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. diaries collection, Eleanor Roosevelt remarked, "They will provide material of an essential kind for future historians."
The Truth...
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s expanded commentary on what happened to Amelia Earhart during her world flight quest, as directed to Eleanor Roosevelt by way of a Dictaphone recorded phone call with her secretary, Malvina Scheider, included the following:
Morgenthau: "This letter that Mrs. Roosevelt wrote on trying to get the report on Amelia Earhart..." "If we give it to this one man we've got to make it public..." "...we can't let one man see it." "Amelia Earhart absolutely disregarded all orders..." "if we ever release this thing, goodbye Amelia Earhart's reputation."  "We have the report of all those wireless messages and everything else, what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public. I mean, OK. Well, still if she wants it, I'll tell her, I mean what happened. It isn't a very nice story." From the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume 124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page number 412. [Available online]
As a convenience, amid the turmoil that existed between the United States and Japan begining in the late 1930s and continuing throughout World War Two, the American public was left out of the loop of what happened to Amelia Earhart after her 1937 world flight prematurely ended. Evaluating the information it had gathered, the White House correctly determined that Amelia had failed to steer clear of Japan's guarded Mandate Islands, who viewed her encroachment as an act of aggression. Except the White House incorrectly concluded that Amelia and Fred Noonan died as a result of being brought down by Japan, as Morgenthau alluded to when he described how Amelia's "last few minutes" wasn't "a very nice story."
Henry Morgenthau Jr. [who oversaw FDR's Secret Service division] ended his phone coversation with Ms. Scheider, then turned to the other twelve people meeting with him on Social Security reform at the time, including his key assistant, Stephen Gibbons, further remarking:
Morgenthau: "I mean we tried, people want us to search again [for Earhart] those islands, after what we have gone through. You know the story, don't you?"
Gibbons: "We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure. Terrible. It would be awful to make it public." From the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume 124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page numbers 412 & 413 [Available online]
Whatever 'evidence' the White House claimed it had that led Gibbons to say, "the thing is all over" ten months after Amelia Earhart went missing, it definitely wasn't Amelia Earhart's body.
Of note, Japan never allowed the U.S. to search any of its Mandate Islands for Amelia, most specifically the Marshall Islands, and it never reported on the results of its own promised search effort for Amelia.
"Japan agreed to a search effort of the Marshall Islands, although no report on their progress has been received." From the Honolulu Star Bulletin, July 16, 1937, two weeks after Amelia was declared 'missing.' With the Sino-Japanese war having begun on July 7, 1937 [just five days after Amelia was reported 'missing'] that resulted in the United States placing embargos on exports to Japan...., Japan defiantly remained quiet about its detainee, Amelia Earhart. To this day, Japan's government has never officially commented on the results of its search effort for Amelia. As with the U.S. government, it has always maintained a vow of strict silence about the subject of Amelia 's loss in general. 
"Is there any way of ascertaining what the Japanese are actually doing, especially as regards a real search of the eastern fringe of the Marshall Islands? That is one of the most fruitful possible locations for wreckage." From a July 31, 1937 letter to White House Attorney, Marvin Macintyre from Amelia's husband, George Putnam.
Later, when Germany invaded Poland in late 1939, the U.S. Executive Branch had recently been assessing the reality of Amelia Earhart's continued survival in Japan's custody after the State Department was notified of a Nipponese Imperial Mandate Islands 'naturalization request' made on Amelia's behalf that August. Helpless to do anything about it with World War Two at hand, the odd request was relegated to 'classified' status until it was found and leaked from State Department files in 1972.
Again, over the years since...
"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." From Marilyn Bender and Selig Altshull's aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument, Simon & Schuster, 1982.

The Truth...



Important History: July 7, 1937, The Second Sino-Japanese War Begins
Right After Amelia Earhart And Fred Noonan Were Declared 'Missing'
Five days after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were declared 'missing,' world headlines shifted their focus to an even greater concern: Japan's invasion of China marked the start of the Sino-Japanese War. Considered a 'highly aggressive act' on Japan's part by the U.S., that had recently begun advising and financially aiding China--so it could build and train a better Air Force for surer defense against Japan--in the immediacy of Amelia's disappearance, diplomacy between the U.S and Japan was instantly strained after Japan's July 7 bombing attack on China. The 'Earhart irony' of Don Tow's story excerpt below, is revealed at the onset of the conflict in the way Japan accused China of harboring a missing Japanese soldier in the Chinese town of Wanping. China refused to let Japan search for the soldier on its own, but offered to search itself while allowing one Japanese officer to accompany its party. Japan rejected the offer, China held its ground, and by day's end Japan was bombing Wanping. Just three days before, the United States had requested permission from Japan to allow it to search the Marshall Islands for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. Japan refused, well recognizing that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan had no business being near any of its 'off limits to the U.S.' territories. Like China, Japan countered to the U.S. that it would conduct its own search for the flying duo. Japan's Imperial Navy then located Earhart and Noonan and their downed plane at Mili Atoll in the Marshalls on July 6, 1937, although given the gravity of its developing circumstances at the time, it chose not to disclose it, reasoning how rescuing and safely returning the suspect U.S. flying duo would imply a cordial regard existed between Japan the United States, where one had not existed for some time. In short, the timing of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ending up in Japan's custody in the Marshall Islands couldn't have been worse. Below is Don Tow's excerpt describing how the second Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937, the day after Japan located Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan so far off course in its forbidden territory, then took them into custody:
"Shortly before July 7, 1937, Japan had carried out intensive military training exercises in the vicinity of Marco Polo Bridge.  These exercises were held every night, and these exercises greatly alarmed the local Chinese forces.  On July 7, the Japanese army telegraphed the Chinese Nationalist forces stating that a Japanese soldier was missing and believed to be hiding inside the town of Wanping, and demanded that the Japanese army be allowed to enter the town of Wanping to search for the missing soldier. This request was denied by the Chinese army, although China responded that Chinese troops would conduct a search with an attached Japanese officer.  Then Japan sent an ultimatum that Japanese troops must be allowed to enter the town within the next hour or the town would be fired upon.  Around midnight, Japanese artillery started bombarding the town and shortly afterward, their infantry with tanks marched across the bridge.  After a seesaw battle of advances and retreats, the two sides agreed to negotiate.  After several days of negotiation but before the two sides were able to reach an agreement, Japan launched a full-scale attack on Wanping and Beijing.  Just before they were surrounded by the Japanese army, the Chinese Nationalist army retreated from Beijing to the south.  Beijing fell to the Japanese on July 29, and the nearby city of Tianjin fell on July 30; this led eventually to the control by the Japanese of the North China Plain by the end of 1937." Courtesy:

For decades, important sounding individuals have tried to persuade people to ignore the reality of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome and her continued survival as one of three women who shared the same identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam. Here is the forensic truth of it all: 
forensic: adjective
1. pertaining to, connected with, or used in courts of law or public discussion and debate.
2. adapted or suited to argumentation; rhetorical.
forensics: noun
3. [when used with a singular or plural verb] the art or study of argumentation and formal debate.

The United States of America
The United Kingdom

An overlooked reality exists, where ever since the initial two-week search for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended, there has never been any kind of government endorsed, official investigation in the public interest dedicated to explaining what actually happened to them. Instead, people were encouraged to accept the duo simply crashed into the ocean and sank, while the aforementioned, 'official silence' credo was adopted, to be evermore adhered to.
In the face of the long-held 'Official Silence' about Amelia Earhart's loss in Tokyo and Washington, a number of individuals who deeply investigated the matter professed to have learned the true 'private survival' fate of Amelia Earhart. Some concluded how three of the greatest nations on earth; the United States, Japan, and  the United Kingdom as well shared a 'classified intelligence' level of awareness that pertained to Amelia's private survival dating back to the World War Two era. In recent years, Protecting Earhart's forensic evidence added substantive credence to their common conclusion, to a point where anymore the proof is irrefutable that Amelia Earhart survived to become one of three women attributed to the same identity of, 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam.' In 1958, the Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] married Guy Bolam of England, a described MI-6 operative. She also had several friends in England and Scotland and often traveled there in the 1960s and 1970s. As Amelia she was received by Royalty in England after her 1932 Atlantic solo flight conquest, to include having 'danced the night away' with future King Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales at the time, who would abdicate the throne in late 1936.  
Below: Investigative researcher, Jim Donahue asserted a connection existed between England's successive Prime Ministers, Stanely Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain, and Winston Churchill... along with United States President, Franklin Roosevelt pertaining to the hidden realities of Amelia's 1937 world flight. It proved hard to substantiate, although it remains clear both as Amelia and her later 'Irene' self, she was personally endeared to England ever since she first visited there in 1928.

Jim Donahue's 1987 book
The British Army secured the "Yank Jane Doe" [AKA Earhart] prior to the OSS liberation of Weihsien

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Protecting Earhart came into existence in 1996 and launched in 2007. Its comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study 1.) Proved more than one person used the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe and character-traits congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, ultimately concluding against the grain fo convention, said two individuals marked the same human being.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis began in 1997 and was first copyrighted in 2002. Author-creator, Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was ultimately copyrighted in 2014. For publishing and subsidiary film rights availability, phone 323-317-0886 or send an e-mail inquiry to the above provided address.
Protecting Earhart is dedicated to the tireless efforts of the late USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col., Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data and handwritten letters in 2002, paved the way for the overall forensic comparison study to eventually reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to former CIA operative, Bazzell Baz, who breathed some additional life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor when it was first getting underway in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Amelia Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity, after enduring their own long term investigations of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in 2004 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's 'Protecting Earhart' forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in Colonel Reineck's book, though it is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are the intellectual properties of Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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