The Latent History Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

The History of Amelia Earhart Research And Investigations

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
About 'Protecting Earhart'
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
The Misguided 'Castaways' Claim
Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands(?)
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Optioned For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

This website previews the ten-year forensic analysis and MSS, Protecting Earhart scheduled for publication this year. [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


Below find reviews of the most significant published books on the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance by Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell.

Product Details
Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand; Duell, Sloan, & Pearce, 1960
[The book that started it all...]

Dating back to the late 1950s, a variety of investigative researchers began discovering and revealing some startling information about Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance:

CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 book...
A New York Times 'Best Seller,' ascertained Earhart 'quietly' ended up under Japan's auspice,
The 1970 Joe Klaas, Joe Gervais book...
...A New York Times best seller as well, determined Amelia 'privately' survived with Japan's help.
By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
A first hand account; claimed Joe Gervais was right about the 'Irene' he met in 1965.
Randall Brink's 1994 'Best Seller'...
Brink collaborated with Gervais & was invited to Irene's 1982 Memorial Dinner.
By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
First to promote Protecting Earhart's study, concluded the Gervais-Irene was 'formerly Earhart.'
By David Bowman, 2005
Protecting Earhart's overlay on the cover. 'Focused on the odd, ongoing Irene-Amelia debate.

1966 Doubleday book by CBS Radio's Fred Goerner...
For weeks a top ten 'Best Seller' in the NY Times; subsequent silence left few recalling it.

These two great books from 1966 and 1970 combined for over fifteen years of investigative research. Both clearly revealed how from 1937 on, the United States and Japan chose not to publicly disclose an awareness they shared on what became of Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan. The books' authors and other private investigators who inquired about their indisputable discovered evidence, were greeted with official silence in Washington and Tokyo when they pressed for more information. Eventually, most all gave up on trying to get an official response--even though by the mid-1970s it had become clear in a forensic-argument way that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan did not just crash and sink, nor did they disappear from the face of the earth, nor did they die of sickness on Saipan, nor were they executed by Japan for spying, nor did they perish on a remote desert island hundreds of miles south of the equator. A purpose was served though, for the introductions of these and other suggestions about the duo's final fate helped keep the 'mystery' idea going. Today those most keenly aware of the Earhart disappearance saga accept the reality of the duo having survived well beyond the date of their so-called disappearance under the auspice of Japan, while understanding the general public was never clued in about it.


1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas w/Joe Gervais
...a best seller as well, claimed Amelia survived and changed her name.


Take a look at the following list of more than a dozen 'Earhart investigative books' published since 1960, to include the now late British film Director, Ken Annakin's screenplay 'Red Wing' that was inspired by the 'Irene-Amelia' story. While doing so, one will see how the Earhart controversy evolved away from embracing the provocative investigative discoveries made in the 1960s and 1970s, after news editors were  persuaded to favor the safer ideas of Elgen Long and his Nauticos group, of Richard Gillespie's TIGHAR organization, and of the Amelia Earhart Society's Bill Prymak with all insisting Amelia died overseas. Since there never was an official investigation into Amelia Earhart's disappearance, the Smithsonian has only ever offered a limited viewpoint on the matter. Perhaps the following list will inspire more conscientious individuals to overcome the official silence credo the Amelia Earhart case has always been greeted by.

Recommended Past Reading:

   Slant Presented By Author 


Product DetailsDaughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960   [Duell, Sloan, & Pearce]

Authored by a World War Two veteran turned college professor, Paul Briand's Daughter of the Sky marked the first well researched Earhart disappearance book. Briand read, heard and analyzed many local islander accounts, statements from representatives of Japan's military forces and recollections of other individuals whom had lived among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands during at the time earhart went missing. Daughter of the Sky first offered the logical deduction of Amelia Earhart's post-loss 'non-publicized survival' among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands and Naval Authority. Where it appeared the two fliers ended up on Saipan for awhile according to various eyewitness accounts, Briand first considered they might have actually gone down there. He soon changed his belief to concur with the Marshall Islands as the place the two fliers initially ended up before they were transferred to Saipan, after he reviewed the 1960s separate investigations of Joe Gervais and Fred Goerner whose efforts he inspired.


The Search for Amelia Earhart by Fred Goerner, 1966, Doubleday

Fred Goerner's 1966 classic was a New York Times best seller. The 1965 Admiral Chester Nimitz quote first appeared in it; "Earhart and her navigator did go down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." U. S. Naval Commander John Pillsbury's 1962 quote also appears, where he intimated his opinion to Goerner about the Earhart case; "You're on to something that will stagger your imagination." A CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner expounded on this curious information in his letters to Amelia's survived Sister, Muriel. He added Nimitz' further accounts to include how the Admiral mentioned it was "Known and documented in Washington," Amelia indeed had survived after July 2, 1937... courtesy of Japan's Naval Authority stationed among its Imperial Mandate Islands. [Add this to statements made by Amelia's mother, Amy Otis Earhart to the New York Times in 1949 when she mentioned she was always aware her daughter Amelia had survived under the auspice of Japan, and claimed she 'knew' Amelia was permitted to communicate with Washington for a time.] Goerner's investigation determined Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll of the lower Marshalls. It is a great, informative read minus its flawed conclusion of Japan leaving Amelia to die of dysentery while she was sequestered on Saipan, that no hard evidence supported. 



Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, 1970, McGraw-Hill

The Joe Klaas book was also a New York Times best seller. Based on the investigative accounts of Joe Gervais and Bob Dinger who formed 'Operation Earhart' in 1960, it raised questions about the Earhart saga that had never been asked before. Irene Craigmile Bolam (the 'Gervais-Irene' whose picture appeared in the book) successfully sued to get it removed from the stores seven weeks after it was published. Yet she sued for libel and invasion of privacy, not for having been described as the 'former' Amelia Earhart. Although the book stated 'Hull Island' as the duo's likely ditching spot where Japan retrieved them from, basd on the enormous amount of later uncovered information, Joe Gervais (like Fred Goerner) ultimately concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll of the lower Marshall Islands. The book also strongly implicated Amelia Earhart to have  somehow  survived  among  the Japanese, and she eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile' and later to 'Irene Bolam' after she married Guy Bolam in 1958. (Guy Bolam was English, and a described MI6 operative.) Joe Gervais determined Amelia Earhart had served an unknown purpose, then optioned to further lead a non-public life in the United States following the World War Two era. No doubt accounting for her eight years of absence from 1937 to 1945 would have caused complications not only for for herself later, but for the U. S. and Japan as well.  After I was endorsed to meet him by Randall Brink, in 1996 I found myself with Joe Gervais in his famed 'Earhart Den' at his Las Vegas home. His savant-like Earhart knowledge quickly won me over and we soon became friends. We would meet several more times after that and corresponded on a regular basis until his passing in 2005. I also filmed his last on-camera interview. Joe Gervais was a truly kind family man of upstanding character, as well as the most thoroughly devoted Amelia Earhart investigative researcher I ever knew or heard of.  

Product DetailsThe Chosen Instrument by Selig Altschull and Marilyn Bender, Simon & Schuster, 1982

Emile Gauvreau's 1944 classic WWII aviation book, 'The Wild Blue Yonder' is quoted above

Although not really an Earhart book, The Chosen Instrument offers a comprehensive history of Juan Trippe and Pan Am Airways by expounding on the government contracts consistently awarded to Pan Am in the 1930s and 1940s. Yet it also includes the telling historical quote, "Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Earhart an everlasting mystery." Recall how before Amelia hired him away from Pan Am to navigate her globe circling flight (that she announced would be her "last flight") Fred Noonan was considered to be Pan Am's top air over ocean navigator, and he's mentioned several times in The Chosen Instrument. The original Irene's son, Larry Heller also went on to become a distinguished Pan Am pilot, and the Gervais-Irene was known to have had a 'special flying arrangement' with Pan Am in her later years.
[Another curious quote  found in Emile Gauvreau's great 1944 book, The Wild Blue Yonder ...spoken by 1938 U. S. Secretary of the Navy, Claude Swanson while referring to Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance; "This is a powder keg. Any public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion."] 


Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart
by Randall Brink
W.W. Norton, 1994
Author Randall Brink collaborated with Joe Gervais for better than ten years. I was fortunate to meet with and befriend Randall in Seattle not long after his book's publication. I found him to be a brilliant and intense 'Amelia Earhart knowledgeable' individual. I also found it curious that he was listed among the personal invitees to Irene Bolam's 1982 Memorial Dinner event. Lost Star is a superbly written quick-read that edifies the 'executive order seal' placed over the Earhart loss episode dating back to the time it occurred. Initially published in England, it became an international best seller. Connie Chung profiled it in a CBS special report. On the cover of a reprinted American edition a review quote reads; "Brink writes of a vast cover-up that got as far as the White House.... Terrific reading." --Larry King, USA Today. [Note: Randall Brink's account offers the best introduction to the works of Briand, Gervais & Klaas, Fred Goerner, Buddy Brennan, and Vincent Loomis. It does not point to a vast conspiracy, rather, it offers an after-the-fact 'let's move on' attitude adopted by those aware of what really happened.]


Left: The cover of my first 1997 manuscript primarily based on extensive interviews with Lost Star Author, Randall Brink; USAF Major Joe Gervais (ret.); and USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (ret.) 

Additional Significant Earhart Investigative Books and Publications reviewed by Tod Swindell: 

Well known British Film Driector, Ken Annakin

'Red Wing'   by Ken Annakin
Ken Annakin was a famous British film Director whose credits dated back to 1946. He passed away in 2009 at the age of ninety-four. Sporting two past Oscar nominations for 'Those Maginificent Men in their Flying Machines' and 'The Longest Day,' he also directed such memorable films as Walt Disney's 'The Swiss Family Robinson' and 'The New Adventures of Pippi Longstocking.' Annakin's last film was 2009's 'Gengis Khan; The Story of a Lifetime.' Since the World War Two era Mr. Annakin had been fascinated by the controversy surrounding the Amelia Earhart disappearance story. After the book Amelia Earhart Lives was published in 1970, he took great interest in the substantial research that supported Amelia Earhart having survived as 'a new' Irene Craigmile without the world public knowing about it. Finally, about around the same time I did he met Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas, and a former WWII OSS Lieutenant by the name of James 'Jess' Hannon. After doing so he was convinced the Irene Craigmile Bolam who Joe Gervais met and photographed in 1965 had been none other than the former Amelia Earhart, who had lived her own preferred life after the WWII era away from the public eye by intentional design. Mr. Annakin then wrote his screenplay 'Red Wing,' initially commencing to do so in 1996 and continuing to revise it until 2001. I spoke and corresponded with Mr. Annakin at the time after meeting his partners, Jack Senter and Jack Green. 'Red Wing' (the nickname Amelia had for her Lockheed Vega) incorporated Annakin's belief in Lieutenant Hannon's claim, that he had actually 'seen' the survived Amelia Earhart at the end of the war just before her non-public liberation back to the United States took place. Hannon claimed Earhart was 'very sick' at the time of VJ Day, and she was being privately cared for while sequestered in separate quarters at the Weihsien Civilian Internment Camp in northern China. He also commented on the great care being taken during her liberation transporting process. Curiously though, Hannon added how until he became aware of the Joe Gervais account in 1970, he had believed an OSS intelligence rumor of how the plane liberating the sickly Amelia from Weihsien to Japan crashed, killing all on board. After he examined the Gervais-Irene information, Hannon came to accept the conveyance of Amelia Earhart's 'post VJ Day plane crash' as a ruse perpetrated by OSS figureheads, meant to make ranking military officials whom had been aware of the 'classified truth' of Amelia Earhart's continued war-time existence under Japan's auspice, believe that Earhart finally met her certain demise via her tragic liberation plane crash, even though it never really happened. Randall Brink referenced the same 'end of war crash story' in his 1994 book, Lost Star. Note: The 'Earhart held in China at a Japanese-run civilian internment camp at the end of the war' account has been widely challenged, although information found by one 'Patricia Morton' at the State Department in 1987 in a declassified file labeled "Special War Problems: Earhart, Amelia" actually did include a post VJ Day telegram to George Putnam, sent unsigned from the Weihsien Camp right after it was liberated. George Putnam's written attempt to follow up on it was also filed. No reply back in writing to Putnam was found in the file and Putnam never discussed the exchange in any of his post-war interviews or writings.


Amelia Earhart Survived by USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, (Ret.)
The Paragon Agency, December 2003

USAF (Ret.) Colonel Rollin Reineck was a true WWII hero who flew the last missions over Tokyo just prior to VJ Day. His book, Amelia Earhart Survived was published in 2003 by the Paragon Agency. It is the second most recent commercially published book [the fourth since 1970, the most recent being W.C. Jamesons's Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave published in 2016] that accepted the Irene-Amelia assertion as truth instead of leaving it mothballed courtesy of historical obfuscations. Reineck's book was also the first to display photos of the 'different' Irene Craigimle Bolams and signature comparisons excerpted from Protecting Earhart's forensic study. For decades before he passed away in 2007, Reineck had been considered a top Earhart investigative researcher and was a long time Gervais collaborator. I was proud to know him and call him my friend the last decade of his life. We spent much time together after Joe Gervais introduced me to him. Reineck believed Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll of the lower Marshalls Rattak chain, and after a few days they found themselves in the hands of Japan's Naval Authority. He stated my Protecting Earhart forensic comparison study and investigative research analysis [that I included a duplicate sending of the beta version to him in 2002] is what caused him to finally accept and believe with certainty how Amelia Earhart did make her way back to the U.S. newly re-identified as Irene Craigmile. His 1991 taped interviews with Monsignor James Francis Kelley, Helen Barber and Donald Dekoster are essential when it comes to understanding the Irene-Amelia conveyance. For use in his book, Colonel Reineck referenced my label of 'the Gervais-Irene' for the former Amelia Earhart, after I reminded him 'Brussel sprouts' were named for 'Brussel.'  He liked that, especially because it paid tribute to Joe Gervais, who in 1965 first recognized the Irene he met for who she used to be. The Colonel errantly referenced me as a member of the Amelia Earhart Society, something I never was, although Colonel Reineck himself had been a long time prominent AES member until the publication of his book caused him to fall out of favor there. [The now late Bill Prymak, former president of the Amelia Earhart Society adamantly refused to endorse anyone who supported or tried to advocate the Irene-Amelia truth.] The Colonel was greatly appreciated by myself as a research collaborator, and he freely shared his research information with me just as Joe Gervais always did.


Amelia Earhart: The Final Story by Vincent Loomis and Jeffrey Ethell
Random House 1985

In 1985 Random House published a book by Vincent Loomis with Jeffrey Ethell called Amelia Earhart: The Final Story. Vincent Loomis also determined Mili atoll as the place Amelia went down. He concluded she eventually perished in the hands of the Japanese. It was after reading this book I became more curious about the Irene-Amelia claim. In its text, a sentence appeared regarding the Joe Gervais and Joe Klass investigative book, Amelia Earhart Lives. It referenced the book's previous implication of Amelia Earhart having changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile Bolam.' It was a short sentence following a 'dissing' of the  Irene-Amelia conveyance that read: "Yet to this day, the authors (Joe Gervais & Joe Klaas) affirm that they are correct." I was intrigued by that. What did Gervais and Klaas remain aware of, where fifteen years after their book was all but dismissed by the press, the two war heroes still stuck to their guns about Amelia surviving and changing her name to Irene? As Gervais later explained, people assumed it was disproved even though it never was. 


Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend by Donald Moyer Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Donald Moyer Wilson's book, Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend was first published by Enigma Press in 1999. (Revised and re-issued since.) Wilson became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War Two era among the Nipponese Imperial Islands while researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. His book presents a vast collection of personal accounts that described Earhart's life among Japan's mandate islands given by island government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local businessmen, common folk and indigenous natives. 'Lost Legend' contains over a hundred different testimonials in all, including over a dozen eyewitness conveyances. His research also concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll, but he did not offer a conclusion on what became of them. When I met Don Wilson in Atchison, Kansas at the Amelia Earhart Festival in 2001, after he reviewed elements from the forensic comparison analysis he supported the logic of Earhart eventually returning to the U.S. and ending up as 'Irene.'


Stand By To Die; The Disappearance, Rescue, and Return of Amelia Earhart by Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, The Lighthouse Writers Guild-1985
Robert Myers' book, Stand By To Die; The Disappearance, Rescue, and Return of Amelia Earhart was published in 1985 by The Lighthouse Writers Guild. Myers wrote about his friend, Amelia Earhart who he'd met during his mid-1930s adolescent years, and how she became Irene Craigmile Bolam after she disappeared in 1937. The Gervais-Irene's picture is feaqtured on the book's cover. He actually came to know her in the 1970s and he recorded phone conversations they had, some of which Beyond 37' has archived. He also included transcripts of their phone conversations in his book. Myers was interviewed for comment in the 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune series after the Gervais-Irene died, and was generally portrayed by its reporters as a curious anomally to the Irene-Amelia story. It is evident those who knew him believed he was sincere and did not make up any of what he claimed. Working against him however, was the generally held literary opinion of his book as a non-linear read, and one where Myers' personal emotions ran high when it came to the Irene-Amelia conveyance. I have corresponded some with Barabara Wiley who wrote the book with Mr. Myers; she affirmed Mal Paso (Clint Eastwood's company) had expressed interest in and even courted Myers' participation to develop a film project based on his story, although it never materialized. No matter, Meyers, who is no longer living, swore up and down that Irene did confide her former identity to him. 


The Earhart Disappearance: The British Connection by James A. Donahue, Aviation Heritage Library Series-1987 
The Earhart Disappearance; The British Connection by James A. Donahue was published in 1987 by the Aviation Heritage Library Series. A pretty fascinating study to be sure, Donahue thoroughly researched what he asserted to have been a United Kingdom involvement angle. His book described the likelihood of an additional British plane, either another Electra or a British Envoy (similar looking from a distance to an Electra) flown by another man and woman flying team in the same Pacific region at the same time Earhart and Noonan were flying there. A question was later raised: Did the original Irene Craigmile, Amelia's 'flying pal' serve as the female pilot on the British sponsored team? Is that how the original Irene Craigmile herself disappeared? Some who support the British-Connection theory believe this suggestion may hold water. Donahue otherwise suggested the famous British pilot, Beryl Markham (Markham's person served as the basis for a character portrayed in the film, 'Out Of Africa') who was staying with Jackie Cochran at the time Amelia was reported missing, as potentially involved on the British end. As well, it is interesting to note that the Gervais-Irene married Englisman, Guy Bolam in 1958, whose own brother described was a MI6 operative, suggesting there may have been more to such a 'British Connection.'


Eyewitness: The Amelia Earhart Incident by Thomas E. Devine, Renaissance House-1987

In 1987 Renaissance House published Eyewitness: The Amelia Earhart Incident by Thomas E. Devine. Devine had known and worked with CBS Radio's Earhart investigator, Fred Goerner in the early 1960s. While a U.S. soldier as part of the 1944 occupation of Saipan, he claimed Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra had been impounded there by Japan, and he described how he actually "witnessed" the U.S. Navy 'intentionally burn it' ...ostensibly destroying it as evidence. Combine this with the entirely separate claim of U.S. soldier, Robert Wallack (see the 'Additional Forensic Argument Info' link) who described how he and a few other soldiers blew open a Japanese military safe on Saipan after the U.S. occupation, and within it they discovered Amelia Earhart's 1937 flight satchel. Even where at all true, getting the U.S. Navy to admit it ever did such a thing as burn Earhart's plane, still today would be all-but impossible to do. Devine also boldly implicated 1944 U.S. Secretary of the Navy, James Forrestall as directly involved with the incident. James Forrestall became U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947, and Devine later claimed Forrestall's previous relationship with the 'Earhart cover-up' caused him great mental duress, and may have led to his curious death circumstances in 1949; a death that was labeled a suicide.


Witness to the Execution by T.C. Buddy Brennan, Renaissance House-1988

Renaissance House published the T.C. Buddy Brennan Earhart book, Witness to the Execution in 1988. (I met and collaborated with Mike Harris for a brief spell, who led the 1983 Brennan expedition to Saipan with filmmaker, Nick Petrik.) Brennan's book included several 'witness' accounts, to include an extraordinary one from a Japanese fighter pilot by the name of Fuji Formosa. Mr. Formosa claimed he had been ordered to fire on a plane similar looking to Earhart's as it approached the Marshall Islands in 1937. Formosa mentioned he did not know if he hit it, but said he watched it go down near an 'atoll' before he returned to his carrier, the Akagi. He mentioned how later, other Japanese soldiers conveyed to him it was Amelia Earhart's plane he had fired on. Another eyewitness in the Brennan book was an old woman who claimed she saw Japanese soldiers execute Amelia Earhart on Saipan after driving her bound and blindfolded in a motorcycle side-car to a pre-dug grave. The problem is she was the only eyewitness. Still, Harris did a nice job with Nick Petrik's filmed interviews of reputable people among the Islands who insisted Earhart had been there. Side-note: Opposers of Formosa's account argued the Akagi was 'dry-docked' at the time of Earhart's disappearance. It was also hard to accept the person the elderly woman claimed she had witnessed the execution of, as a side-car transported, bound and blindfolded Amelia Earhart. As Joe Gervais aptly pointed out; "Japan (namely Hirohito and Yamamoto) never would have handled the Earhart situation that way. If anything they would have coveted her existence in their company."


Flying Blind by Max Allan Collins, Dutton Books-1998

Well known Author, Max Allan Collins (The Road to Perdition, Dark Angel) wrote Flying Blind, a superb historical novel account of the 1937 Earhart disappearance case. He researched the real story to the hilt, then used his serial detective, Nathan Heller (no visible connection to Larry Heller, the original Irene Craigmile's son) as the vehicle to tell the story in real time. It is ironic of course, how after Amelia returned as 'the new Irene' she ended up continuing on with the co-raising of the original Irene Craigmile's son, Larry Heller..., while in the Collins' book after Earhart disappears, Detective Nathan Heller hears of the possibility Amelia might have been newly carrying his child when she took off on her last flight. So much could exist as a mere coincidence in the book, though it's one hard to overlook. In its epilogue, in the 1970s the elderly Nathan Heller actually meets the suspected Irene Craigmile Bolam and some of her friends for a drink at the same country club she (the Gervais-Irene) belonged to then near Princeton, New Jersey. Nathan Heller remarked of a peculiar familiarity he sensed about her, but he had a hard time recognizing the same Amelia he recalled. Still, he had a good time with Irene and her convivial friends that day, but he added where Irene was Amelia with a changed name, he'd prefer not to know. (Sound familiar? In 1966 when Joe Gervais mentioned the matter of Irene as the probable former Amelia Earhart to Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey she replied to him, "Where such a thing would be true Major Gervais, wouldn't it be best just to leave it alone?") I reviewed Collins' historically informative read, Flying Blind for the Fort Worth Star Telegram in January of 1999.  


Legerdemain  by Dave Bowman, Authorhouse-2005, revised 2007:

David Bowman's 2005 Authorhouse book, Legerdemain offers a great history of Amelia Earhart's disappearance and aftermath. Mr. Bowman is a member of the Amelia Earhart Society, the group generally known for being 'non committal' when it comes to expressing a concrete viewpoint on what happened to Amelia, although it has always been dead set against any possibility of her long-term survival. I did not know Mr. Bowman when he contacted me in 2004 requesting permission to feature a sample from my Beyond 37' forensic study on his book's cover. Over time I found the Amelia Earhart Society's members all over the place with their ideas, and its founding President, Bill Prymak curious in the way he claimed to be the final 'judge' on what to promote theory-wise. (Kind of rreminded me of the old John Birch Society.) I granted Mr. Bowman permission to use my material and he duly credited me on the jacket flap. As predicted, Legerdemain favored no conclusion. I was surprised later, and found it hard to agree with the way Joe Gervais, Rollin Reineck and myself were referenced in the revised edition of Legerdemain that came out in 2007. Those who supported the long held Joe Gervais postulation that Amelia changed her name to Irene, were torn to shreds by Amelia Earhart Society President, Bill Prymak and and his minions. The harsh criticism newly appeared in a thirty page span between pages 363 and 393 with no counterpoint responses included, let alone sought or requested. The re-issued book also recklessly mis-identified credit on a portion of my study. If anything, Legerdemain somewhat marks the ongoing effort to leave the Earhart forensic truth as a topic of debate, as opposed to something that was basically figured out long ago, then forensically verified from 2002 to 2006. Legerdemain also incorrectly assumed and stated I was an AES member, even though I was never a member of the Amelia Earhart Society. I met many of the members and accepted invitations to special functions from Bill Prymak a few times, but only because Bill initially appeared to be supportive of Joe Gervais to me. I was never interested in joining the AES, fellow journalists who know me were always aware I worked as an independent researcher only. Bill Prymak, as the AES President, as if it was always a main agenda of his, worked tirelessly at controlling the sway of the media and adjusting the public attitude towards all Irene-Amelia information. No doubt because of my many years of devotion to the now late Joe Gervais, and my long term support of his decades worth of Earhart investigative research, my person and my efforts ended up singled out by both TIGHAR and the AES in highly negative manners. Such is life in the world of Amelia Earhart investigative research. Self-proclaimed 'important' Earhart enthusiasts exist out there that not only include Bill Prymak, but late comer Dave Horner, the dogmatic Ron Bright, Carol Linn Dow, Elgen Long, Richard Gillespie and the list goes on. They appear to operate from a stance of keeping the American public dumbed-down by way of their own misinformation distribution, especially when it comes to the most important facts that have long characterized the Irene-Amelia truth. One might even consider, because of their guarded inside tracks of media influence, they serve a 'deemed necessary' function of steering the press, and therefor the public away from recognizing and accepting the obvious Irene-Amelia forensic truth reality. Curious though, since the 1970s not one of them ever disproved the Irene-Amelia claim, rather, they address the topic as if others have solidly disproved it, when no one ever actually did.


The Earhart Enigma: Retracing Amelia's Last Flight by Dave Horner, Pelican Publishing Co-2013:

Dave Horner spent several years working closely with the Amelia Earhart Society's ('AES') founder, the now late, Bill Prymak. Thus, it's no surprise his book steered clear of favorably discussing or supporting the reality of Amelia's return to the United States as 'Irene.' Bill Prymak's long maintained dogmatic stance toward making sure the public didn't pay too much attention to the Irene-Amelia reality exudes from the pages of The Earhart Enigma, just as it did from Dave Bowman's revised edition of Legerdemain. Horner questioned the honesty of the famous Monsignor James Francis Kelley through comments made by a few people who had known him, to include Kelley's nephew, the now late Red McBride. None of them were able to come to terms with believing the Monsignor had actually told the truth about his relationship with Amelia, and why she chose to change her name to Irene during the World War Two era. They passed his conveyance off as if it were delivered by some lunatic by calling him a "bull-shooter" and one who "tended to exaggertate" among other things. Dave Horner also consulted with the original Irene's son, Larry Heller who correctly avowed that his mother was not Amelia Earhart. (Of course Amelia Earhart wasn't his mother(!)) It is evident Dave Horner, who when he began writing his book was a relative new-comer to the world of Earhart investigative research, ended up subjugated by Bill Prymak's obsession to infiltrate new Earhart books that supported her post-loss survival among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands. That in itself was fine, for Bill Prymak had long been known to support such an idea. But for some reason, he always vehemently argued against the suggestion of Amelia Earhart returning to the U.S. as 'Irene.' Otherwise, Horner's effort appears to be a doggedly over-written book half-filled with useless information while featuring Horner's own miscalculated conclusion. Basically, it contains everything Bill Prymak accumulated from other investigative researchers (to include much research data from Joe Gervais) ever since he formed the AES in 1989. Horner did expound heavily on researcher, Darryl Bollinger's work on the story of the 'message in the bottle' found by Frenchman, Genevieve Barrat when it washed up on the beach at Soulac-sur-Mer in October of 1938, a message that appeared to verify that Amelia Earhart ended up in the Marshall Islands under the auspice of Japan's Naval Authority. It appears Dave Horner concluded same, even though he ended up stressing how Amelia likely 'died' over there while in Japan's care--just as Fred Goerner, Thomas Devine, Vincent Loomis, Bill Prymak and several others had before him. Forensically though, Mr. Horner missed by not addressing (or believing in) the recent discovered reality of more than one person having been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity, and the head to toe and character trait congruence the Gervais-Irene displayed when compared to Amelia, although it's likely he was pursuaded not to by Bill Prymak. When it comes to the full historic record though, Dave Horner's book is unique in the way it includes so many of the less seen Earhart world flight related letters and documents. That was no small undertaking in itself, surely made easier with the access Mr. Horner was given to Bill Prymak's Amelia Earhart Society files.

NOTE: Below find a few published books either authored by, or strongly influenced by high-profile individuals who historically opposed the Irene-Amelia truth. All of the authors below represent mere private citizens who set out to capitalize egotistically and/or financially by way of exploiting Amelia Earhart's legendary fame. Yet the Irene-Amelia truth still remained through any and all efforts made to dispute it, and it was never disavowed (even while he was in the cross-hairs of his various combatants) by World War Two hero Joe Gervais, from the time he first recognized the Irene he met in 1965 as having been the former Amelia Earhart... to when he passed away forty years later in 2005. In any case, the following influential 'private citizen' individuals separately arose into view by the 1980s and 1990s, after their 'inside track' efforts afforded them media attention. Be advised, none of them ever came close to offering an 'officially accepted' conclusion regarding the fate of Amelia Earhart. They also offered completely different from each other theories, while individually claiming the best and most reliable information, and combined ascertainment that it was impossible for Amelia to have lived to return to the U.S. with a new identity.
Amelia Earhart: The Mystery Solved by Elgen M. Long and Marie K. Long, Simon & Schuster-2001
Elgen Long has received the most consistent 'Earhart Mystery' media attention since the late 1970s. He all but ignored all previous investigative research findings, while claiming to have calculated where Earhart's plane went down and sank in the Pacific. However, his various trips to find it and bring it back came up empty. He was long time friends with Amelia's Sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey... Muriel, who was also Zonta sister friends with Irene-Amelia, AKA her former 'true sister' in the non-recognized historical sense. Hailing from the Reno, Nevada-Lake Tahoe area, it was later learned Irene-Amelia had traveled there to 'meet with people' in the 1960s. (One photo of Irene-Amelia taken in Reno shows her standing next to an unidentified catholic priest, another shows her standing on a downtown Reno street amid various casino signs.) With Muriel's support and sometimes in his company, for years Mr. Long promoted what was also the between-the-lines U. S. government preference for people to accept how Amelia Earhart 'simply crashed and sank and that was it.' And so much is what Elgen and his wife, Marie's 2001 book conveyed. Nothing new, it marked the Earhart family's and the original Irene Craigmile's family preferred viewpoint, as well as the 'traditionally safest' and most convenient solution to an otherwise complicated historical issue. I met Elgen Long twice, in 2002 in Oakland and in 2004 at the annual Amelia Earhart Festival held in Atchison, Kansas. I found him to be a very nice and charismatic fellow, even though I disagreed with his ability to ignore and even obscure most all of the Briand, Gervais, and Goerner previously amassed investigative research findings.   
Amelia Earhart's Shoes: Is The Mystery Solved? by Thomas L. King, Randall S. Jacobsen, Karen Ramey Burns, and Kenton Spading, Altamira Press, 2004
This is one of two TIGHAR (The International Group of Historic Aircraft Recovery) supportive books. TIGHAR has received the second highest amount of consistent 'Earhart mystery' media attention as compared to Elgen Long since the 1980s. The book's title refers to a shoe heel found on Nikumororo Island of the Phoenix Islands group. The Authors claimed it came from one of Amelia's shoes. (It was later proven to have not come from a shoe of Amelia's size.) As well, it was all but generally ignored by the Authors, (evidently) how previous ship groundings and even an attempt at habitation on the island had no doubt accounted for the various items they found there over time, and then tried to link to the Earhart flight; (a piece of plexiglass, a scrap of aluminum, etc.) Plus the Navy had conducted a thorough fly-over search of the island just days after Earhart was reported missing. TIGHAR initially cited anomalous post-loss radio signals heard to have supposedly come from the Island, as what caused them to look there in the first place. They claimed Earhart and Noonan went down on the Island of Nikumororo (previously known as 'Gardner Island') where they radioed for help for three days, before the tide came in and took their plane out to sea where it sank in deep water, leaving them to die of starvation and thirst. As Irene-Amelia herself once wrote to a friend, "If you believe this, you'll believe anything." Incidentally, and no surprise, the people who wrote this book never spoke highly of Beyond 37's investigative research efforts.     
Finding Amelia: The True Story of the Earhart Disappearance by Ric Gillespie, U.S. Naval Institute Press-2006
Richard Gillespie self founded the TIGHAR organization back in the 1980s. In 1990 Life Magazine reported his claim that he had 'solved the mystery.' Of course he had not, his misleading claim notwithstanding. He's probably appeared on more TV shows than anyone else promoting his initially self-propelled Nikumororo theory later advocated by the book 'Amelia Earhart's Shoes,' co-authored by four sedulous devotees of his. He followed their effort with this one of his own the following year, 'Finding Amelia.' The fact that the U.S. Naval Institute Press at all published it might hint at one to understand how far the U.S. Navy itself prefers to steer away from having to address the more substantial amount of authenticated  controversial Earhart investigative research. Note: Both Elgen Long's and Richard Gillespie's claims are considered 'safe history offers' through the eyes of the U.S. Government and national media sources, when compared to the previous works of Briand, Gervais, and Goerner..., and of course the 1965 spoken words of Admiral Chester Nimitz. (See the Home page 'Amelia at the microphone' photo link.) I have bantered a time or two with Ric Gillespie over the years. He has described those who endorse the words of Admiral Nimitz about Earhart to his TIGHAR club members as 'people from a dark, cold and desolate planet called Conspiritar.' Beyond 37' disagrees there was a vast conspiracy.

Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia, 1928, after the Friendship flight.

Amelia, 1933

Classic Amelia photo portrait.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart

NOTE: The above list does not include the multitude of conventional Amelia Earhart biographies published over the years, nor does it include Amelia Earhart's own published works. 

Click here to e-mail and/or Beyond 37', or just e-mail was first launched in 2007. The comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study it partially displays, 1.) Proved more than one person employed the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
The analysis initially began in 1997 and was beta copyrighted in 2002. Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was copyrighted in 2014. For subsidiary rights information e-mail
This website is dedicated to the late USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data in 2002 paved the way for the forensic comparison study to finally reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to Bazzell Baz, who helped to breathe new life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity after enduring their own long term investigative analysis of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in late 2003 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's Irene-Amelia forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in the Reineck book, that is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are owned and managed by Tod Swindell through Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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