AMELIA EARHART: True
her disappearance, over the years a variety of odd Amelia Earhart stories surfaced. A few appeared substantiated enough to
the point of clouding Amelia's heroic legacy. The stories stemmed from Amelia's pre-fame adult
years to her thirtieth year, from her 'daily life' fame years until she went missing at age thirty-nine, and
from some odd, if not controversial information that surfaced in the latter part of the Twentieth Century.
passed there appeared to be a subtle, 'let's move on' effort to keep some of the anecdotal soundbites
from being taken seriously.
Here is an overdue attempt, if anything, to examine some of the more curious stories
about Amelia. A summation of each is included. Take a look:
1.) 'She Was A Spy'
2.) 'She Was
A Tokyo Rose'
3.) 'She Lived In The Imperial Palace With Emperor Hirohito During The War'
4.) 'She Taught
Improved English To Isoroku Yamamoto'
5.) 'Howard Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Help Japan
Build Its Zero
Fighter In Exchange For Earhart's Safety'
Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen Of Japan In 1939'
'She Sent A POW Telegram'
8.) 'She Was Abducted By Aliens'
9.) 'She Became a Prostitute in Japan'
11.) 'She Used To Swear Like A Sailor'
12.) 'She Was Pregnant When She Left On Her Last Flight
And Noonan Were Castaways'
14.) 'She Became A New Jersey Housewife'
'Amelia's Hidden Daughter'
16.) 'The Niihau Plan'
1.) Amelia Was A SPY?
their investigative research, Authors Fred Goerner and Randall Brink found compelling
documentation in Washington DC indicating something clandestine had been going on between Amelia and US Government Intelligence
adjacent to her world flight. It was difficult to outright verify Amelia Earhart as actively being engaged
in espionage, but there was enough to indicate if she hadn't been spying during her globe circling flight, she was lined up
to do it before she returned to the United States. Randall Brink found the most reliable documented evidence, and additional
testimony conveying how Lockheed had been readying another specially outfitted Electra for Amelia. Coupled with the other
tantalyzing data Fred Goerner previously located in Washington DC in the 1960s, it can be said this story does have a tangible
However, the tale that Amelia had served as a kind
of 'double agent,' supposedly with an obscure link to communist Russia, appeared to have no foundation at all
beyond being invented by the now-late Jerome Steigmann, a former 'private detective' who claimed the
U.S. Government paid him a lot of money to keep quiet about it.
2.) Amelia was The Real Tokyo
Introduced by a variety of World War Two soldiers stationed in the Pacific
theater, a significant coincidence exists where soon after Amelia's disappearance, Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands populations
began referring to her as 'Tokyo Rosa' while she was being detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Not so ironically, the Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' is "That held by the Chrysanthemum," with Japanese
culture recognizing the Chrysanthemum as the Official Seal of the Emperor of Japan.
The first Japan Radio NHK 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts were heard on a U.S.
Navy submarine on the Pacific Ocean a week prior to the Pearl Harbor attack. The suspicion of Amelia having survived in Japan's
custody combined with the familiar voice the soldiers heard caused many of them to convey the American
woman's voice they were hearing sounded like Amelia Earhart's voice. Some actually stated they believed it was Amelia's
voice. The woman's voice was later described as "fiendishly well coached" to sound
like Amelia by George Putnam, who U.S. Naval Intelligence had sent to monitor her broadcasts while he was serving overseas.
Of course, Putnam negated the idea that it was Amelia herself doing the broadcasts.
According to Monsignor James Francis Kelley, as later conveyed by reporter,
Dean Magley who interviewed him, the Gervais-Irene Bolam dreaded the connection being made where certain aspects of the Tokyo
Rose scenario did bear some truthful weight. Several investigative researchers also felt that Amelia's tenure under Japan's
auspice solely inspired the Tokyo Rose broadcasts invention.
The recognized history of Tokyo Rose was misleading, for Tokyo Rose was not the only American sounding woman doing
broadcasts for Japan. After the war it was conveyed by military reports that a Japanese-American UCLA student named Iva Toguri
[D'Aquino] found herself stuck in Japan during a visit home when the surprise Pearl Harbor attack occurred, and she was left
no choice but to spend the duration of the war there. Iva Toguri admitted being coerced into doing NHK broadcasts as 'Orphan
Ann,' although in court she testified she had been offered $2,000 to say she was 'Tokyo Rose' right after VJ Day, and she
accepted the offer unaware she was incriminating herself by doing so. Curiously, Amelia's last 'closest friend,' Jackie Cochran
was featured in a newspaper photo taken in Japan during Iva Toguri's arrest. More curious than that, during Iva Toguri's trial
in San Francisco in 1949, Amelia Earhart's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended the proceedings on a daily basis. After the trial,
Amy told the New York Times she knew Amelia ended up in Japan's custody, and that she had been
allowed to radio from oversees. She also believed Amelia had possibly been involved with the U.S. Government on a "verbal
orders" secret mission during her world flight.
Sadly, Iva Toguri was falsely convicted of treason sent to prison. The facte that she was recruited
to do the broadcasts was dismissed. After six years she was released for good behavior. It took nearly three decades to correct
the mistake, but as his last official act in 1977, President Gerald Ford finally pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino. She had always maintained her innocence, believing 'Tokyo Rose'
was more of a generic term, not knowing many U.S. soldiers verified there had been one specific American voiced female
who identified herself as 'Tokyo Rose.' As well, Imperial Mandate Islanders always maintianed "Tokyo Rosa" referred
to Emperor Hirohito's 'prized American Rose' who was Amelia Earhart, and that her non-publicized existence in Japan's care
was coveted by Japan during its war against the United States.
3.) Amelia Lived In The Imperial Palace In Tokyo
Emperor Hirohito During The War?
Introduced in the form of a supposition via the 1970 book Amelia Earhart
Lives, the idea was suggested that Amelia Earhart had taken up with Japan in order to receive favorable treatment and
protection from Emperor Hirohito during World War Two. It was further suggested the arrangement of her name change to Irene
Craigmile was achieved with Japan's omniscience. Where the latter may be true, it is doubtful Amelia Earhart ever lived in
the Imperial Palace. However, considering the circumstances, or as President Truman said about some post-war realities being,
"history you will never know," it's possible she may have visited the Imperial Palace during the World War Two years.
4.) Amelia Taught Improved English
Yamamoto In Boston?
Gervais gave information he located about this to his lawyers in 1970, who turned it over to the New York State Supreme Court
while Gervais, Klaas, and McGraw-Hill were being sued. Gervais had learned the Harvard educated, Isoroku Yamamoto, [who would
go on to help orchestrate the Pearl Harbor attack and become Japan's most famous World War Two Admiral] lived in Boston in
1925 at the same time Amelia was there. Not only that, he avowed Isoroku Yamamoto had been a student of Amelia Earhart's when
she taught an 'Improved English' Harvard extension night course to foreign students. After his research was confiscated, substantiating
his account proved difficult for others, although it is true Earhart did teach such a course and Yamamoto was a student at
Harvard before he relocated to Washington in 1926 to serve as a Japanese diplomat. It was and remains certain, Admiral Yamamoto
and Emperor Hirohito were well aware of who Amelia Earhart was, for she was a loved hero in Japan during the 1930s--just as
Babe Ruth was after he toured the country with his exhibition baseball teams in the mid-1930s. When it was reported Earhart
and Noonan were missing in early July of 1937, two years before World War Two began and four years before the U.S. entered
it, it is certain neither Emperor Hirohito nor Admiral Yamamoto would have let any harm come to the two fliers after they
were rescued, and if Amelia agreed to cooperate with her rescuers there is no doubt Japan
would have quietly welcomed it while keeping her comfortable, given who she was. It proved a plausible suggestion, that in
exchange for her continued cooperation, Japan agreed to liberate Fred Noonan into the hands of U.S. intelligence unbeknownst
to the American public. Author, Randall Brink and Joe Gervais considered the possibility of Noonan, a smart and highly superior
navigator, ending up as a Naval Intelligence officer (ONI) after assuming a new identity himself.
5.) Howard Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Help
Build Its Zero Fighter In Exchange For Amelia's Safety?
Introduced as a question in the 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives
by Joe Klaas, there never appeared to be certain truth to it. It was later revealed how in 1935-36 Japan was in stride with
the same style of aircraft Hughes was developing anyway. Of course it is likely Japan did replicate aspects of the Hughes
H-1 racer for its Zero as the planes were quite similar; but it seemed ludicrous to suggest Hughes traded anything to Japan
for Earhart's safe keeping. It is true though, friends Paul Mantz, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart all knew Howard Hughes.
But then most anyone who was anybody in American aviation in the mid-1930s either knew, or wanted to know Howard Hughes...
and Amelia Earhart. On the other hand, and seemingly not including any Howard Hughes' involvement, two years after Amelia
Earhart Lives referenced one of the Japanese Zero plane designers, Jiro Horikoshi, it was conveyed from a State Department
file how Amelia had met Mr. Horikoshi at a Garden City, Long Island Curtis-Wright plant where he spent time while he was in
the United States studying aircraft design techniques.
6.) Amelia Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen Of
Japan In 1939?
According to information found in a secured State Department file revealed in confidence to Joe Gervais in 1972
by State Department archivist, Arthur Dewayne Gibson of Verdunville, West Virginia, a file labeled "Earhart, Amelia;
Special War Problems" described how Amelia had been with Mr. Jiro Horikoshi helping with "Zero wind tunnel
tests" in Japan in 1938. Needless to say, 1938 would mark a year after Amelia was declared missing.
Later in 1990, six years after another State Department employee by
the name of Patricia Morton (who appeared on an NBC special about Earhart) discovered a declassified file labeled the same
way, "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" containing documentation dated August and September of 1945,
yes, six years after she found it, in 1990 the office of Secretary of State James Baker did confirm in writing such a file
existed, but only after Baker's office was pressed to do so by a request letter from Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii. Still,
nothing was mentioned about the file's contents or why such a "Special War Problems" file on Amelia Earhart ever
came to exist, other than its contents had "concerned" Amelia Earhart.
his earlier exchanges with Gervais, Arthur Gibson specified how the file he found plainly described Amelia's August 19,
1939 request for naturalization (citizenship) in the Nipponese Imperial Islands, just prior to Germany's invasion of Poland.
Gibson mentioned the file also contained a couple of photos of Amelia, to include at least one displaying her in front of
a Japanese 'Randy' test plane. All of this may sound absurd on the surface, although do recall how Jackie Cochran, who was
the first American woman to enter Japan after World War Two, (Jackie asserted herself to have been "closer to Amelia
than anyone else" during the year-long period before Amelia left on her world flight in 1937) specified in her 1953
book The Stars At Noon how she "found several files on Amelia Earhart" in Tokyo's Dai Ichi building after
being granted special access right after VJ Day. Those files, nor their contents never made it into the public realm.
7.) Amelia Sent The 'Love to Mother'
As mentioned, State Department Archivist, Patricia Morton found a declassified
file labeled "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" archived among State Department files in 1984. In it
Ms. Morton found a pair of August and September of 1945 speedletter telegrams, one sent to Earhart's former husband George
Putnam, the other, Putnam's reply a few weeks later. The telegram to Putnam came from a Weihsien, China
'Japanese run' civilian internment camp just after VJ Day. It had been forwarded through Chungking, China, U.S. military headquarters
there during WWII. It was suggested by Amelia Earhart's niece, Amy Kleppner that Jackie Cochran may have had something to
do with making sure the telegram made it out; and Randall Brink located information to side with such an opinion. Other enthusiasts
offered how the message was written and sent by one Ahmad Kammal, a fellow Putnam had known who had been interned at the Weihsien
camp after Putnam had aligned Kamal with the FBI. Kamal was likely instrumental with Putnam and his FBI connections, no doubt
overseen by J. Edgar Hoover himself. (Yes, the Earhart disappearance case was always that important.) To date no one has explained
the label on the file: "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" that again, in 1990 Secretary of State James
Baker's office did confirm existed. The 'consternation causing' telegram to Putnam read: "Camp
liberated, all well, volumes to tell, love to mother." As speedletter telegrams were limited to ten words, the sender's
name was usually left out. Curious as well, a former OSS Lieutenant by the name of James "Jess"
Hannon who participated in the post VJ Day liberation of the Weihsien camp, mentioned he had seen the survived Amelia Earhart
sequestered there separately in private quarters and she was "not well" during the war's end.
Hannon described his account before the existence of the telegrams became public information. Hannon
went on to write a manuscript about his experience concerning Weihsien and Earhart called 'Amelia Earhart Survived.'
(Different from the Rollin Reineck book of the same name.) Opposing theorists have fought tooth and nail against the notion
of the telegrams being at all relative to a survived Amelia Earhart. Official silence prevailed over the matter, except in
1991 former Seton Hall University President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley did admit during a taped interview that he had
been part of Amelia's end-of-war liberation process, and he was certain with his own words as well,
in describing how the 'Irene' he was good friends with after the war was the 'survived' former Ameia Earhart, and she was
'not well' when she returned to the U.S., and she had stayed with him for several weeks to recuperate at his Rumson, New Jersey
home. Monsignor Kelley was President of Seton Hall College at the time.
8.) Amelia Was Abducted By Aliens?
not? The TV show Star Trek The Next Generation even put this idea into an episode it presented. Was she abducted and brought
back? Did her age not change like in Close Encounters Of The Third Kind? Say what one will, some people do take this
explanation seriously. Irene-Amelia.com stands by its simpler conclusion based on historical
accounts and forensic comparisons.
9.) Amelia Became a Prostitute in Japan?
absurd rumor emanated from Word War Two soldiers. Some claimed that Amelia had been reduced to selling
herself in order to survive in Japan during the war years.
Because of her tomboy looks and her 'equal playing field for women' credo,
Amelia's personna does appeal to the GBLT community. She appeared to be heterosexual, indeed, Amelia was linked romantically
to a variety of men both before and after she became famous, [Lloyd Royer, Sam Chapman, Carl Harper, George Putnam, Gene Vidal,
Paul Mantz] while no real information surfaced that led to people to believe she was a lesbian. Even if she was bisexual,
her personal privacy left it hard to ascertain it. Yet from silence comes enigma,
and from enigma rumors start; 'maybe she was a hermaphrodite' was one of them. Not likely. Plain and simple, Amelia was a
woman pilot who liked the challenge of trying to fly airplanes higher and farther than anyone else, and she managed to build
a career around it.
11.) Amelia Swore Like A Sailor?
Amelia Earhart was one of those rare, highly intelligent individuals who could express herself in
a variety of impressive ways. She fluently spoke a variety of foreign languages, including Japanese. As a deep thinking and
highly calculating person, depending on her energy level for, opinion of, or general interest in a particular situation
or subject matter, Amelia's mood code varied accordingly. The late Art Kennedy, a past friend and mechanic of Amelia's recognized
this clearly. Where Amelia could appear demure when lecturing to to any given audience, as Art Kennedy recalled in his book,
Keeping 'Em Flying, "In her unique fashion she [Amelia] was quite a lady, although it is well known that she
punctuated her airport conversation with a spectacular lexicon of aviation vulgarites." "She would get so frustrated
that her language became unprintable and Burbank tower operators often found it necessary to reprimand her." Art Kennedy's
use of the word 'often' is key, subtly verifying Amelia's occasional swearing habit in aviation circles.
12.) Amelia Was Pregnant When She
The suggestion of Amelia
Earhart being pregnant when she left on her world flight later surfaced, but it was only based on hear-say from her photographer
friend, Albert Bresnik. It is extremely unlikely Amelia Earhart was 'with child' before she left on her world flight. No matter,
famous writer, Max Allan Collins still incorporated the idea into his 1998 historical novel about Amelia,
Flying Blind. Ironically, it does appear there's a chance that Amelia had
given birth to a child out of wedlock four years before she became famous in 1924, and managed to conceal
it as a family secret, even throughout her fame years from 1928 to 1937. The strong
probability also appears, where the other woman who had been identified as 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' so prominently in 1982,
[see the 'Amelia's Hidden Daughter' section further down] with photo forgeries concocted to make
it seem so, in life she may have been the non-recognized biological daughter of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, possibly born in Canada when Amelia was there with her mother in 1924. We know the Gervais-Irene knew her,
and the 1934 born son of the original Irene Craigmile, Larry Heller recognized
her as his early childhoood mother. This would mean, by the time the other 'younger looking' woman appeared
identified as 'the late Irene Bolam' on the cover of Irene's memorial dinner program
[shown below] she was fifty-eight years old--about as old as the woman on the program
cover looked to be. The scrutinized by many, yet to be disproved and already accepted by some that the
woman shown further below identified as "Irene Jr." was reared by the original Irene Craigmile's family, the O'Crowleys
of Newark, New Jersey, who Amelia knew. After
the original Irene's mysterious exit took place, the woman below helped with the raising of the her 1934 born son
while still in her teens, before turning such a duty over to the Gervais-Irene
in the mid-1940s while the original Irene's son was living at a boarding school. One might say
it was 'all in the family.'
Amelia and Fred Noonan Were Castaways?
|1990s cartoon from the Detroit News:
|Satire of TIGHAR expedition to Nikumaroro; Elvis' pick, Amelia's hairpin, Ric Gillespie, etc.
'castaways' story of Earhart and Noonan's ending has evolved into an ongoing, inadverdent media joke.
Those who have seriously looked into the Earhart case understand such a thing." USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck
(ret.) 2007, speaking about TIGHAR's decades old castaways story, that took true history and molded it into a romantic contrivance
for the less informed. In August of 2012 TIGHAR announced they 'might have' found Earhart's plane underwater near Nikamororo,
although nothing was there when they looked. It is worth noting, there has never been any 'accepted as credible' evidence
found suggesting Earhart and Noonan ended up anywhere near to Nikamororo.
14.) Amelia Became A New Jersey Housewife?
the press in 1970, to answer the suspicion of her post-WWII changed identity,
Irene Craigmile Bolam (the Gervais-Irene) avowed, "I'm just a New Jersey
housewife." Except was she really 'just a New Jersey Housewife?' For she had been
married to British MI6 operative, Guy Bolam from 1958 until he died in 1970, and together they owned three homes in the
United States, including a house in New Jersey she called her 'main' residence. The
further reality of the Gervais-Irene described a very important and 'enigmatic'
person who very few people knew all that well. Among her attributes she was a
distinguished Wings Club member, a Bank Vice President, she knew NASA astronauts, she was an International Relations Chairman
for the Long Island Zonta chapter, she spoke Amelia's same variety of foreign
languages, she also traveled the world throughout the 1960s and 1970s, to include trips to Japan where
she maintained several friendships, and she took over as the Corporate President
of Radio Luxembourg in Europe in the 1970s after Guy Bolam died. Amelia ended
up as a New Jersey housewife? More-so, the Gervais-Irene was wealthy
and worldly, and yes... a veritable enigma. Or as her survived brother in law, John Bolam told the Associated Press in 2002,
"She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled."
Recall how 1970 was five years after Joe Gervais first believed he recognized
the Gervais-Irene for who she used to be. She
offered a present-tense denial ("I am not she") in reponse to the Gervais
assertion, although in a way that was true where her present
tense identity was 'Irene' and the fact remained that Amelia was declared
'legally dead' over thirty years prior to 1970. So her response to the then just released McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives
was nothing less than atypical. After she coyly threw in, "I'm just a New Jersey housewife," ever since, with
some help from the news media it became a standing joke, 'Amelia Earhart survived and became a New Jersey housewife.'
Kelley later mentioned about his long time friend, the Gervais-Irene how by the
1960s she "barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and after World War Two she
"didn't want to be Amelia anymore." Beyond Joe Gervais calling her out, she
never came forward to volunteer such information about herself, nor would she ever have. After Joe Gervais
tried to contact her after the two met in 1965, she was always sure to avoid him,
with the exception of a written response to a letter Gervais wrote to her displaying
handwriting that matched Amelia's. In such a letter she referred Joe Gervais to two friends of hers,
(who she had also known when she was Amelia) Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill. About Viola and Elmo she included the following
cryptic passage all but admitting to her dual identity, "...because they
each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
Notice how Amelia's "Amelia M Earhart" signature
aligns with the Gervais-Irene's handwriting. (Excerpted from a1967 letter the Gervais-Irene wrote to Joe Gervais two
years after they met at an Early Birds of Aviation gathering in New York.)
15.) Amelia's Hidden Daughter?
|'Irene Jr.' identified as Irene Bolam in 1982.
|Some believe she was AE's 1924 born 'love child' shown at age 58.
Above: Does Grace McGuire look
familiar? She was born in Scotland in 1945, adopted and raised there too. The Gervais-Irene was known to travel to Scotland
were she had several friends in the 1960s and 70s, to include Lady Mary Stewart. After Grace reached adulthood she moved to
the U.S., to Rumson, NJ where Monisgnor James Francis Kelley lived. Some feel it's conjecture to offer the idea of Grace being
the biological daughter of the 3rd Irene, just as they feel it's conjecture to offer the idea of the 3rd Irene as the long-rumored,
1924 born out-of-wedlock daughter of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, who would have arrived four years before Amelia became
famous at the age of thirty in 1928. No matter, everybody knew each other somehow, that's for certain. Even Clarence O'Crowley
Jr. was adopted by the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley. It was true, the original
Irene became pregnant out of wedlock in 1926, before she married Civil Engineer, Charles Craigmile in 1927, although the child
was not sired by Charles Craigmile. Later, in 2002 Peggy O'Crowley of the New Jersey Star Ledger (daughter of Clarence O'Crowley
Jr.) mentioned her father's O'Crowley birthright was always a family bone of contention. In 1933 the original Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile once again found herself pregnant out of wedlock. She eloped to marry the father, Al Heller. Their son, Larry was
born in March of 1934. There exists no legible photo evidence of the original Irene beyond the 1930s, although it is clear
anymore, both the Gervais-Irene and the 3rd Irene ended up using the original Irene's identity, and they participated in the
continued upbringing of Larry Heller. (Larry's father, Al Heller moved away a few years after Larry was born.) Protecting Earhart's study determined Clarence O'Crowley
Jr. marked the biological older half-brother of Larry Heller, with both having been born of the same mother, the original
Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
Below: Did Amelia become a New
Jersey housewife? (Sounds funny, no?) Oddly enough, in recent years it was revealed that the 'Gervais-Irene' did not surface
in the United States until the mid-1940s after assuming the identity of 'Irene Craigmile,' with the prior 'original' Irene
Craigmile having been a past friend of Amelia's. Forensic comparisons displayed how three different women used the same 'Irene
Craigmile' identity, with the Gervais-Irene exhibiting a remarkable head to toe congruence to Amelia Earhart, who had supposedly
'vanished without a trace' while flying over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. The explanation for how the "New Jersey housewife"
story began follows the next two panels under the index. Below are equal photo-overlay blends of Amelia Earhart and the Gervais-Irene:
|Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
|1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.
|Amelia, 1928, after the Friendship flight.
|Amelia Earhart, 1933
|Classic Amelia photo portrait.
|Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart
|The Gervais-Irene & Amelia
|Two photos in an equal blend.
|Irene-1963 / Amelia-1928, age thirty-one.
|Irene-1965 / Amelia-1933
|Irene-1976 / Amelia-1932
|Irene-1978 / Amelia-1929
17.) The Niihau Plan?
The 'Niihau Plan' story merits at
least some consideration. Investigators Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais learned that Amelia had written George Putnam a 'Dear
John' letter just before she left New Guineau and subsequently vanished. The letter was
held by Putnam's last wife, Margaret Havilland, who refused to make it public due to its 'hurtful and damaging' nature.
Accordingly, Amelia had informed Putnam of her desire to separate, and of her decision to not immediately
return to the United States as planned. So much would have 'ruined' Earhart's reputation if the public knew Amelia was opting
out of her life of celebrity by way of jettisonning her relationship with the man who discovered her in 1928, and worked
so hard the following nine years to help make her, at least arguably, the most famous woman on the planet.
Niihau plan stated how instead of coming right back to the mainland, Amelia had intended to remain in Hawaii for awhile, hopping
back and forth between Niihau and Kauai. Hawaii was her last scheduled stop after Howland. Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais
felt it played into the overall decision to reverse her original flight plan of east to west, to its new direction of west
to east. The logic allowed for Hawaii to be her last stop instead of her first. There were even indications from people who
knew Amelia, that her failed first attempt to circle the globe that ended when she ground-looped her plane in Hawaii, was
likely a 'rigged' event to enable more time for the preparation of another 'differently outfitted' plane and the change in
her flight direction to eastward. Reineck concurred even more-so after his Monsignor Kelley research revealed Kelley's awareness
of Amelia's alternate scenario, or plan. Soon after Reineck unearthed an obscure 'Department of Interior' map of Niihau from
the 1930s featuring a landing strip no one knew about, that is no longer there today, and according to known history, never
Joe Gervais had previously learned of Amelia having befriended the Robinson family that owned both the Island of
Niihau and a large, private ranch on Kauai's southern coast. Amelia had met with family matriarch, Alice Gay Robinson during
her aforementioned first 'failed' globe circling attempt in March of 1937 while she was in Hawaii. In the early 1980s, to
friends of his in St. Croix, USVI, Monsignor James Francis Kelley (the Gervais-Irene's post World War Two close friend and
'confessor') mentioned that Amelia's original plan was to assume the role of a plantation owner on an Island in the Pacific.
It was to serve as her cover while she otherwise conducted survey flights for the United States. According to Father Kelley,
the plan fell apart when she missed Howland and accidentally ended up in the Marshalls. Reineck, a retired Air Force Colonel
and former advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff especially felt there may have been something to it all, even in the face
of others who called it absurd. Reineck had been stationed in Honolulu at Hickam Air Force Base before living in Hawaii for
many years. It was no secret the Gay-Robinson sugar plantation was quite an impressive operation, nor was it a secret the
Robinsons were very private family regarded with a kind of nobility status on the Islands as far away as Washington DC, ever
since they acquired Niihau in the 1800s. The Robinsons were very strict when it came to allowing access to their lands, especially
to the 'forbidden island' of Niihau. Amelia came to like Hawaii after her long stay there in 1935, and the Robinsons surely
would have been able to keep her privately secured. The way things turned out though, in Reineck's opinion, was that Amelia, still not wanting to return to
Putnam or to her life as a world-famous-pilot in the U.S. after Japan ended up receiving her instead, may have disclosed
such a reality to her alternate new hosts, who in turn permitted her to remain in their Imperial Mandate Islands, going
so far as to agree to her request of non-disclosure in exchange for a certain measure of cooperation she would afford in return.
Whatever the true circumstances were that caused it, there is no doubt Amelia ended up staying in Japan's
Imperial Mandates for some time, more than likely by her own volition. So, no doubt feeling somewhat helpless, it was apparent
the White House gravitated toward a 'let's move on' attitude as its only, albeit reluctant response to the information it
had. Especially where circumstances dictated Amelia was able to disclose, if she chose to, her original plan and
intention to not return to the U.S. right away. In any case it remains clear FDR and Morgenthau did know something about
Earhart's final disposition that the American public did not know. Their glossed-over truth managed to stay buried for decades,
until, thanks to the efforts of key private investigators who in the 1960s caused an overwhelming preponderence of evidence
to surface that described how Amelia not only made it to the Marshall Islands, but she also continued to exist under the
auspice of Japan prior to the outbreak of World War Two, and then during the war itself. Solidifying it as 'a mystery,'
the U.S. and Japan never acknowledged or officially commented on it. It basically added up to Amelia wanting out, plain and
simple, and first the U.S., and then Japan demonstrated their willingness to oblige her.
investigative researcher, Randall Brink's hunch was possibly right about Fred Noonan having pre-arranged for himself to segue
into a career as a U.S. Naval Intelligence officer instead of continuing on with his own 'usual' life, that had never been
usual at all. Noonan's 'hard to accurately trace' background, his lonerism style and top navigator profile would have been
perfect for such an assignment. Whatever his ultimate reality became as well though, the 'missing person' cases of both Earhart
and Noonan were swiftly and solidly closed. Even the seven-year moratorium required to declare a missing person 'dead' was
shortened to two years for Earhart and Noonan, leaving them legally described as 'no longer living' just as World War Two
became a reality. It would be the 1970s before a leaked State Department file would reveal that Amelia ultimately ended up
'working with' Japan, and how she had also petitioned to become a Naturalized Citizen of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands
on August 19, 1939, a date just preceding Germany's invasion of Poland.