The Obfuscated Reality Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

Amelia Earhart: True or False

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
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Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Public Never Knew What Happened To Amelia
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
TIGHAR's Misguided 'Nikumaroro Castaways' Claim
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...
Photo Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Options For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

[ previews the results of a comprehensive forensic analysis featured in the upcoming documentary and soon to be published book, Protecting Earhart.] [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.

True or False: Amelia's visage was consistently reconizable[?] Not necessarily. Here, when one compares the care-worn Amelia photo on the left to the more relaxed & cheerful one on the right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s photos of the same person.

Amelia, 1936
Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.

True or False: Amelia survived the ending of her 1937 world flight, was technically a 'missing person' for the next eight years, and preferring a future private life after the war years, she resurfaced in the United States as one of three women who were attributed to the same "Irene Bolam" identity.

True. Before and after...
...Amelia superimposed with her future self, the Gervais-Irene

AMELIA EARHART: True or False 
Following her storied 'disappearance,' as time passed a variety of odd Amelia Earhart rumors surfaced. They stemmed from Amelia's pre-fame adult years to her thirtieth year when she became famous; from her 'daily life' fame years until she went missing just shy of her fortieth birthday; and from some controversial information learned by investigators in the latter part of the Twentieth Century.
Over the years there appeared to be a subtle, 'let's move on' effort to keep some of these anecdotal soundbites from being taken seriously, no matter how substantiated they appeared to be. 
Here is an overdue attempt, if anything, to examine several of the curious mentions about Amelia that managed to come into existence. A summation of each is included.  Take a look:

True or False:
1.) Amelia Was A Spy
2.) Amelia Was A 'Tokyo Rose' Broadcaster
Amelia Sent A POW Liberation Telegram To The U.S. At The End Of WWII
4.) Amelia Taught Improved English To Isoroku Yamamoto
5.) Amelia Sometimes 'Swore Like A Sailor'
6.) Amelia's Sex Life Was An 'Open Book'
7.) Howard Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Japan So It
Could Build Its Zero Fighter In Exchange For Amelia's Safety
8.) Amelia Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen
Of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands In 1939
9.) Amelia Stayed In Japan's Imperial Palace During The War
10.) Amelia Became A New Jersey Housewife
11.) Amelia Ditched Her Plane On Nikumaroro Island And Died There
12.) Amelia Was Abducted By Aliens
13.) Amelia Became a Prostitute in Japan 

14.) Amelia Was Pregnant When She Left On Her Last Flight
15.) Amelia Gave Birth To A Family-Secret Daughter In 1924
16.) Amelia Had A Niihau Plan

1.) Amelia Was A Spy
hile doing their investigative research, Authors Fred Goerner and Randall Brink found compelling documentation in Washington DC indicating something clandestine had been going on between Amelia and U.S. government intelligence adjacent to her world flight. It was difficult to outright verify Amelia Earhart as actively engaged in espionage, but there was enough to indicate she may have been lined up to do it at some point. The documentation located in Washington coupled with 'reliable inside testimony' that conveyed how Lockheed had been readying another specially outfitted Electra for Amelia with a special camera mounted in the plane's belly prior to her world flight, did indicate something unknown to the public had transpired. Along with the data Fred Goerner previously found in Washington DC in the 1960s, it can be said the 'spy rumor' did emanate from a somewhat tangible foundation, even if spying on Amelia's part was never outright proved to have happened.
2.) Amelia Was A 'Tokyo Rose' Broadcaster

Introduced by a variety of World War Two soldiers stationed in the Pacific theater, a significant coincidence exists where soon after Amelia's disappearance occurred, Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands populations began referring to her as 'Tokyo Rosa' while she was being detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Not so ironically, the
Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' is "That held by the Chrysanthemum," with Japanese culture recognizing the chrysanthemum flower adorning the official seal of the Emperor of Japan. 
The first Japan Radio NHK 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts were heard on a U.S. Navy submarine on the Pacific Ocean a week prior to the Pearl Harbor attack. The suspicion of Amelia having survived in Japan's custody combined with the familiar voice the soldiers heard caused some of them to suggest the American woman's voice they were hearing sounded like Amelia Earhart's voice. A few actually stated they believed it was Amelia's voice. The woman's voice was later described as "fiendishly well coached" to sound like Amelia by George Putnam, who U.S. Army Intelligence had sent to monitor her broadcasts while he was serving overseas. Naturally George Putnam negated the idea that it was Amelia doing the broadcasts.
According to Monsignor James Francis Kelley, as later conveyed by reporter, Dean Magley who interviewed him, the Gervais-Irene Bolam dreaded the connection being made to Tokyo Rose where certain aspects of it did bear some weight. Several investigative researchers also felt that Amelia's tenure under Japan's auspice directly inspired the Tokyo Rose broadcasts invention.
The recognized history of Tokyo Rose was misleading, for Tokyo Rose was not the only American sounding woman doing broadcasts for Japan. After the war it was described by military reports that a Japanese-American UCLA graduate named Iva Toguri [later 'D'Aquino' by marriage] found herself stuck in Japan when the surprise Pearl Harbor attack occurred, and she was left no choice but to spend the duration of the war there. Iva Toguri admitted being coerced into doing NHK 'Zero Hour' broadcasts as 'Orphan Ann,' although in court she testified she had been offered $2,000 to say she was 'Tokyo Rose' right after VJ Day, and she accepted the offer unaware she was incriminating herself by doing so. As Orphan Ann, her distinct Japanese accent was also easily detectible, negating that she sounded anything like Amelia Earhart as described by the soldiers her heard the Tokyo Rose broadcasts. Curiously, Amelia's last 'closest friend,' Jackie Cochran was featured in a newspaper photo taken in Japan during Iva Toguri's arrest. Equally curious, during Iva Toguri's trial in San Francisco in 1949, Amelia Earhart's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended the proceedings on a daily basis. After the trial, Amy told the New York Times she was aware Amelia ended up in Japan's custody and she knew she had been allowed to radio from oversees. She also believed Amelia had possibly been involved with the U.S. government on a "verbal orders" secret mission during her world flight.
Sadly, Iva Toguri was convicted of treason and sent to prison. The fact that she was coerced to do the broadcasts was dismissed. After six years she was released for good behavior. It took nearly three decades to right the wrong, but as his last official act in 1977, President Gerald Ford finally pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino. She had always maintained her innocence, believing 'Tokyo Rose' was more of a generic term, not knowing U.S. soldiers verified  there had been one specific American voiced female who identified herself as 'Tokyo Rose.' As well, during the pre-war years Imperial Mandate Islanders always maintianed "Tokyo Rosa" referred to Emperor Hirohito's 'prized American Rose' who was Amelia Earhart, and that her non-publicized existence in Japan's care was coveted by Japan during its war against the United States.

3.) Amelia Sent An End Of War Internment Camp Liberation Telegram

As mentioned, State Department Archivist, Patricia Morton found a declassified file labeled "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" archived among State Department files in 1984. In it Ms. Morton found a pair of August and September of 1945 speedletter telegrams, one sent to Earhart's former husband George Putnam, the other, Putnam's reply a few weeks later. The telegram to Putnam came from a Weihsien, China 'Japanese run' civilian internment camp just after VJ Day. It had been forwarded through Chungking, China, U.S. military headquarters there during WWII. It was suggested by Amelia Earhart's niece, Amy Kleppner that Jackie Cochran may have had something to do with making sure the telegram made it out; and Randall Brink located information to side with such an opinion. Other enthusiasts offered how the message was written and sent by one Ahmad Kammal, a fellow Putnam had known who had been interned at the Weihsien camp after Putnam had aligned Kamal with the FBI. Kamal was likely instrumental with Putnam and his FBI connections, no doubt overseen by J. Edgar Hoover himself. (Yes, the Earhart disappearance case was always that important.) To date no one has explained the label on the file: "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" that again, in 1990 Secretary of State James Baker's office did confirm existed. The 'consternation causing' telegram to Putnam read: "Camp liberated, all well, volumes to tell, love to mother." As speedletter telegrams were limited to ten words, the sender's name was usually left out. Curious as well, a former OSS Lieutenant by the name of James "Jess" Hannon who participated in the post VJ Day liberation of the Weihsien camp, mentioned he had seen the survived Amelia Earhart sequestered there separately in private quarters and she was "not well" during the war's end. Hannon described his account before the existence of the telegrams became public information. Hannon went on to write a manuscript about his experience concerning Weihsien and Earhart called 'Amelia Earhart Survived.' (Different from the Rollin Reineck book of the same name.) Opposing theorists have fought tooth and nail against the notion of the telegrams being at all relative to a survived Amelia Earhart. Official silence prevailed over the matter, except in 1991 former Seton Hall University President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley did admit during a taped interview that he had been part of Amelia's end-of-war liberation process, and he was certain with his own words as well, in describing how the 'Irene' he was good friends with after the war was the 'survived' former Ameia Earhart, and she was 'not well' when she returned to the U.S., and she had stayed with him for several weeks to recuperate at his Rumson, New Jersey home. Monsignor Kelley was President of Seton Hall College at the time.

4.) Amelia Taught Improved English
To Isoroku Yamamoto In Boston

Joe Gervais claimed he had learned the Harvard educated, Isoroku Yamamoto, [who would go on to help orchestrate the Pearl Harbor attack and become Japan's most famous World War Two Admiral] lived in Boston in 1925 at the same time Amelia was there. Not only that, he asserted Isoroku Yamamoto had been a student of Amelia Earhart's when she taught an 'Improved English' Harvard extension night course to foreign students. After his research was confiscated, substantiating his account proved difficult for others, although it is true Amelia Earhart did teach such an extension course in 1925, and Yamamoto had been a student at Harvard before he relocated to Washington in 1926 to serve as a Japanese diplomat. It is certain Admiral Yamamoto and Emperor Hirohito were well aware of who Amelia Earhart was in the 1930s since she was a loved hero in Japan then, just as Babe Ruth was after he toured Japan with his exhibition baseball teams in the mid-1930s. When it was reported Earhart and Noonan were missing in early July of 1937, two years before World War Two began and four years before the U.S. entered it, neither Emperor Hirohito nor Admiral Yamamoto would have let any harm come to the two fliers
after Japan's Imperial Navy ultimately rescued them. Having no use for him, it also proved itself plausible that Japan would have liberated Fred Noonan unbeknownst to the American public. Author, Randall Brink and Joe Gervais estimated how Fred Noonan, as smart and highly superior a navigator he was, ended up serving as a U.S. Naval Intelligence officer [ONI] after assuming a new identity himself.
5.) Amelia Sometimes 'Swore Like A Sailor'
Amelia Earhart was one of those rare, highly intelligent individuals who could express herself in impressive ways. She spoke a variety of foreign languages, including Japanese. A deep thinking, calculating person, she was known to strive for perfection, and depending on her energy level for, opinion of, or general interest in a particular situation or subject matter, her mood-code varied accordingly. The late Art Kennedy, a past friend and mechanic of Amelia's recognized this clearly. Where Amelia could appear demure when lecturing to to any given audience, as Art Kennedy recalled it this way in his book, Keeping 'Em Flying, "In her unique fashion she [Amelia] was quite a lady, although it is well known that she punctuated her airport conversation with a spectacular lexicon of aviation vulgarites." "She would get so frustrated that her language became unprintable and Burbank tower operators often found it necessary to reprimand her." Art Kennedy's use of the word 'often' is key, subtly verifying Amelia's occasional swearing habit, at least in aviation circles.
6.) Amelia's Sex Life Was 'An Open Book'

False. Because of her sometimes 'tomboy' look and her 'equal playing field for women' credo, today Amelia's historical persona appeals to the GLBT community. Just the same, she was a very private person who projected her own heterosexual preference. Amelia had been romantically linked to a variety of men both before and after she became famous, Lloyd Royer, Sam Chapman, Carl Harper, George Putnam, Gene Vidal, and Paul Mantz being those most recalled. She had many female friends as well, but no information ever surfaced linking her to a lesbian experience. Simply put, Amelia was merely a woman pilot who liked the challenge of trying to fly airplanes higher hights and farther stretches than anyone else in a predominantly male environment, and she managed to build a successful career out of it.
7.) Howard Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Help Japan
Build Its Zero Fighter In Exchange For Amelia's Safety

This idea was also introduced in the 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, although there never appeared to be a certain truth to it. It was later revealed how in 1935-36 Japan was in stride with the same style of aircraft Hughes had been developing anyway. Of course it is likely Japan did replicate aspects of the Hughes H-1 racer for its Zero fighter as the planes were quite similar; but it was quite a stretch to suggest Hughes would have traded anything to Japan for Amelia Earhart's safe keeping. It is true though, friends Paul Mantz, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart all knew Howard Hughes. Of course back then, most anyone who was anybody in American aviation in the mid-1930s either knew or wanted to know Howard Hughes and/or Amelia Earhart. On the other hand, and seemingly not including any Howard Hughes' involvement, in 1972, two years after Amelia Earhart Lives had referenced one of the Japanese Zero's chief plane designers, Jiro Horikoshi, a leaked State Department file revealed that Amelia had befriended Mr. Horikoshi at the Garden City, Long Island Curtis-Wright airplane manufacturing plant in 1933, where he had temporarily relocated to oversee the manufacturing of planes the U.S. had purchased from Japan.
8.) Amelia Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen
Of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands In 1939
According to information found in a secured State Department file that was revealed in confidence to Joe Gervais in 1972 by State Department archivist, Arthur Dewayne Gibson of Verdunville, West Virginia, a file labeled, "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" described how Amelia had been with Mr. Jiro Horikoshi helping with "Zero wind tunnel tests" in Japan in 1938. Needless to say, 1938 would mark a year after Amelia was declared missing.
Later, in 1990, six years after another State Department employee by the name of Patricia Morton [who appeared on an NBC special about Amelia Earhart] discovered a declassified file labeled the same way, "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" containing documentation dated August and September of 1945, yes, six years after she found it, in 1990 the office of Secretary of State James Baker did confirm in writing such a file existed, but only after Baker's office was pressed to do so by a request letter from Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii. Still, nothing was mentioned about the file's contents or why such a "Special War Problems" file on Amelia Earhart ever came to exist, other than its contents had "concerned" Amelia Earhart.
Among his earlier exchanges with Gervais, Arthur Gibson specified how the file he found plainly described Amelia's August 19, 1939 request for naturalization [citizenship] in the Nipponese Imperial Islands, just prior to Germany's invasion of Poland. Gibson mentioned the file also contained a couple of photos of Amelia, to include at least one displaying her in front of a Japanese 'Randy' test plane. All of this may sound absurd on the surface, although do recall how Jackie Cochran, who was the first American woman to enter Japan after World War Two, [Jackie asserted herself to have been "closer to Amelia than anyone else" during the year-long period before Amelia left on her world flight in 1937] specified in her 1953 book The Stars At Noon how she "found several files on Amelia Earhart" in Tokyo's Dai Ichi building after being granted special access right after VJ Day. Those files, nor their contents ever made it into the public realm.

9.) Amelia Stayed At The Imperial Palace In Tokyo During The War

In the 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives, the idea was suggested that Amelia Earhart may have received favorable treatment and protection from Emperor Hirohito during World War Two. It was also later determined that the arrangement of her name change to Irene Craigmile may have been achieved with Japan's omniscience. Where the latter may be true, it is doubtful Amelia Earhart stayed in the Imperial Palace. However, considering the circumstances, or as President Truman said about some post-war realities being, "the history you will never know," investigative research suggests Amelia did travel among Japan's Imperial Mandates while she was gone, and she spent some time in mainland Japan as well.
10.) Amelia Became A New Jersey Housewife

To the press in 1970, to answer the suspicion of her post-WWII changed identity, Irene Craigmile Bolam [the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'] remarked, "I'm just a New Jersey housewife." Except she wasn't really 'just a New Jersey Housewife.' Twelve years earlier, in 1958 she had married a described British MI6 operative, Guy Bolam [who died in early 1970] and together they owned three homes in the United States, including a house in New Jersey she called her 'main' residence. The Gervais-Irene appeared to be an important yet 'enigmatic' person who very few people knew all that well. Among her attributes she was a distinguished Wings Club member, a bank Vice President, a familiar face to NASA astronauts, she was an International Relations Chairman for the Long Island ZONTA chapter who spoke a variety of foreign languages just as her former Amelia-self did, and she spent a great deal of time travelling the world throughout the 1960s and 1970s, to include making trips to Japan where she maintained some friendships and belonged to a kimono club. She also took over as the Corporate President of Radio Luxembourg in Europe in the 1970s after its previous owner, her husband, Guy Bolam died. Amelia became a New Jersey housewife? Not true. The Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] was wealthy and worldly in her later years, while managing to remain a veritable enigma. As her survived brother-in-law, John Bolam told the Associated Press in 2002, "She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." 
Recall how 1970 was five years after Joe Gervais first believed he recognized the Gervais-Irene for who she used to be. She offered the present-tense denial of, "I am not she" in reponse to Gervais' assertion, although in a way that was true where her present tense identity was 'Irene' and the fact remained that Amelia was declared 'legally dead' over thirty years prior to 1970. Her response to the just released McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives was atypical when she coyly made the comment, "I'm just a New Jersey housewife." Ever since, with some help from the news media it became a standing joke, 'Amelia Earhart ended up becoming a New Jersey housewife.'

Monsignor Kelley later mentioned about his long time friend, the Gervais-Irene how by the 1960s she "barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and how after World War Two she "didn't want to be Amelia anymore." Beyond Joe Gervais calling her out, she never came forward to volunteer such information about herself, nor would she ever have. After Joe Gervais tried to contact her after the two met in 1965, she was always sure to avoid him, with the exception of a written response to a query-letter Gervais wrote to her displaying handwriting that matched Amelia's. In such a letter she referred Joe Gervais to two friends of hers, [who she also knew when she was Amelia] Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill. About Viola and Elmo, she included the following cryptic passage tat all-but admitted her dual identity, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
Notice how Amelia's 'Amelia M Earhart' signature so easily aligns with her future self, the Gervais-Irene's handwriting. 

11.) Amelia Ditched Her Plane On Nikumaroro Island

Nikumaroro, FKA 'Gardner' Island
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan never came close to it.

FALSE: The idea that Amelia Earhart may have died a castaway's death on the island of Nikumaroro began with a misguided suggestion, that during the last three decades diverted the reality of Amelia's actual flight ending away from the public mindset.
By pushing unsubstantiated claims through media outlets, since the 1980s the Earhart cottage industry known as 'TIGHAR' has promoted its own devised notion of Amelia having safely ditched her plane on Nikumaroro, where it claimed she radioed for a few days before the tide came in and [mystifyingly] pulled Lockheed Electra out to deep ocean waters near the island, where Tighar's Richard Gillespie says it waits be found. This fantastic fabrication continues to prey on less informed individuals, including some who ended up draining their pockets in support of the group's ill-advised plane-hunt expeditions.
Despite the high-profile, money making group's claims to the contrary, no evidence deemed 'credible' has ever supported the invented 'Nikumaroro ending' of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. It is a plain truth; no bones, shoe-heels, or metal scraps found on the once colonized island, in fact, not one item among all of the debris retrieved from the island over the years has ever come close to being authenticated as a relic left behind by Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, or Amelia's plane. [Note the 'satire' cartoon below.] It's sad in a way, how the public is sometimes subjected to tabloid stories like this one that manage to make their way into mainstream news venues. To consider that Earhart and Noonan would have optioned to blindly steer their plane so far away from civilized land masses with no foremention of it as a 'Plan B' is ludicrous, especially where Amelia had already stated their intention to not go south of the equator, but rather, to 'reserve enough fuel to enable them to head back to the civilized British Gilbert Islands if they missed spotting Howland.' [The Marshall Islands are an extended part of the same Gilbert Islands archipilago just north of them.] No matter, even though Nikumaroro is hundreds of miles south of the equator, with the idea being pushed on the press and the public year after year, some news media outlets and a portion of the American general public actually began considering TIGHAR's 'Nikumaroro' offering of the duo's demise as a good possibility, even though it was never close to being true. 

1990s Satire cartoon from the Detroit News:
A TIGHAR expedition to Nikumaroro; Elvis' pick, Amelia's hairpin, group leader, Ric Gillespie, etc.

"The 'castaways' story of Earhart and Noonan's ending has evolved into an ongoing, inadvertent media joke. Those who have seriously looked into the Earhart disappearance case understand such a thing." USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck (ret.) 2007, speaking about TIGHAR's decades old castaways story, that took true history and molded it into a more innocent, almost romantic contrivance. In August of 2012 TIGHAR announced they 'might have' spotted Amelia's plane underwater near Nikumaroro, although once again of course, nothing was there when they looked. At the time the claim passively got Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton's attention who actually issued a supportive statement about it. No surprise, the following day the White House itself issued a rare rebuttal stressing it favored 'no mystery solving theory' when it came to the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance.

12.) Amelia Was Abducted By Aliens

Why not? Even the TV show, Star Trek The Next Generation put this idea into one of its episodes. Was Amelia abducted and brought back? Did her age not change like in Close Encounters Of The Third Kind? Say what one will, some people do consider this as a possibility. Protecting Earhart stands by its more realistic conclusion of Amelia surviving her world flight outcome based on historical accounts and forensic comparisons.

13.) Amelia Became a Prostitute in Japan

This highly absurd rumor emanated from far-less-than-credible accounts. A few soldiers claimed that Amelia had been reduced to selling herself in order to survive in Japan during the war years. She would have rather died.

14.) Amelia Was Pregnant When She Left

The suggestion of Amelia Earhart being pregnant when she left on her world flight later surfaced, but it was only based on hear-say from her photographer friend, Albert Bresnik. It would have been extremely unlikely for Amelia Earhart to have been 'with child' before she left on her world flight. No matter, famous writer, Max Allan Collins [of 'The Road To Perdition' fame] still incorporated the idea into his well-researched 1998 historical novel about Amelia, Flying Blind. This has nothing to do with the suggestion of Amelia having given birth to a child out of wedlock in 1924, four years before she became famous in 1928, that she and her mother and sister managed to conceal as a family secret, even throughout her fame years from 1928 to 1937. The strong probability also appears, where the other woman who had been identified as 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' so prominently in 1982, [see the 'Amelia's Hidden Daughter' section further down] with photo forgeries concocted to make it appear three people were one in the same human being in news accounts, in life the 'Non Gervais-Irene' may well have been the non-recognized biological daughter of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, possibly born in Canada when Amelia was there 'on a road trip' with her mother in 1924. [1924 has long been described by Amelia's extended family as Amelia's 'missing year.'] The Gervais-Irene knew the 'Non Gervais-Irene,' and the 1934 born son of the original Irene Craigmile, Larry Heller recognized her as his early childhoood mother. This would mean, by the time the 'Non Gervais-Irene' appeared identified as 'the late Irene Bolam' on the cover of Irene's memorial dinner program [shown below] she was fifty-eight years old--about as old as the woman on the program cover looked to be. This yet to be disproved suggestion that the woman shown further below identified as "Irene Jr." was reared by the original Irene Craigmile's family, the O'Crowleys of Newark, New Jersey, who Amelia had known, was first postulated by Protecting Earhart in the new millennium. After the original Irene's mysterious exit took place, 'Irene Jr.' AKA 'the Non Gervais-Irene' helped raise her 1934 born son beginning in her teens. One might say it was 'all in the family.'

15.) Amelia Gave Birth To A Family-Secret Daughter In 1924

The Non Gervais-Irene as Irene Bolam in 1982.
Some feel she may have been AE's 1924 out-of-wedlock born child shown at age 58.

1985, Amelia's sister Muriel Grace & Grace McGuire
Both knew the Gervais-Irene; Grace planned a world flight with the original Irene's son Larry Heller

Amelia Earhart
Late 1936, while preparing for her world flight

2nd Irene (Non-Gervais) & Clarence O'Crowley Jr.
Shown together in 1958 at the wedding of Irene & Guy Bolam

Same as above, older (Non Gervais-Irene)
Lucy McDannel's described 'Irene Jr.'
The Gervais-Irene, 1940s
FKA 'Amelia Earhart'
Prior to adjustments...
...AE was still there, just harder to recognize in the top photo.

The Gervais-Irene transformed:
Her familiar look and image changed during the World War Two years

Above: Does Grace McGuire look familiar? She was described as 'born in Scotland in 1945' where she was adopted and raised into her teen years. In the 1960s the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' was known to often travel to Scotland with her British husband, Guy Bolam whenever they attended to the business affairs of Radio Luxembourg. The former Amelia had several friends there, to include the well known author, Lady Mary Stewart. After Grace McGuire reached adulthood she moved to the United States, to Rumson, NJ where she lived near Monisgnor James Francis Kelley and worked on his property. Some feel it's conjecture to offer the idea of Grace being the biological daughter of the Non Gervais-Irene, just as they feel it's conjecture to suggest the Non Gervais-Irene was the long-rumored, 1924 born out-of-wedlock daughter of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, born four years before Amelia became famous at the age of thirty in 1928. Everybody knew each other somehow, that's for certain. Even Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr. was adopted by the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley. The original Irene had become pregnant out of wedlock in 1926, before she married civil engineer, Charles Craigmile in 1927. (Evidently said child had not been sired by Charles Craigmile.) In recent years, Peggy O'Crowley of the New Jersey Star Ledger [daughter of Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr.] mentioned her father's O'Crowley birthright had long remained a family 'bone of contention.' Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic analysis determined Peggy's father was the original Irene's first-born, 'illegitimate' son. In mid-1933, two years after her first husband, Charles tragically died, the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile once again found herself pregnant out of wedlock. She eloped to marry the father, Al Heller within a few months of learning she was pregnant, and their son, Clarence 'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934. There exists no legible photo evidence of the original Irene beyond the 1930s, although it is clear anymore, both the Gervais-Irene and the Non Gervais-Irene ended up having the original Irene's identity attributed to them, and both monitored the upbringing of Larry Heller in lieu of his biological mother's absence. [Larry's father, Al Heller permanently relocated elsewhere a few years after Larry was born before his marriage to the original Irene was annulled.] Protecting Earhart's study determined Clarence O'Crowley Jr. marked the biological older half-brother of Larry Heller, where both had been born of the same mother,  who was the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.

Below: Did Amelia become a New Jersey housewife? [Sounds funny, no?] Protecting Earhart learned how the 'Gervais-Irene' did not surface in the United States until the mid-1940s after assuming the identity of 'Irene Craigmile,' with the prior 'original' Irene Craigmile having been a past friend of Amelia's. Forensic comparisons displayed three different women had used the same 'Irene Craigmile' identity, with the Gervais-Irene exhibiting a remarkable head to toe congruence to Amelia Earhart, who had supposedly 'vanished without a trace' while flying over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. The explanation for how the "New Jersey housewife" story began follows the next two panels under the index. Below are equal photo-overlay blends of Amelia Earhart and the Gervais-Irene: 

Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia, 1928, after the Friendship flight.

Amelia Earhart, 1933

Classic Amelia photo portrait.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart

The Gervais-Irene & Amelia
Two photos in an equal blend.
Irene-1963 / Amelia-1928, age thirty-one.
Irene-1965 / Amelia-1933
Irene-1976 / Amelia-1932
Irene-1978 / Amelia-1929

Notice wings below left shoulder.
The Gervais-Irene
February, 1978
Guy and Irene (Craigmile) Bolam, 1965.
Photo taken by Joe Gervais after he met them.

Below: Look familiar?
Prior to post-loss augmentations...

16.) Amelia Had A Niihau Plan
The 'Niihau Plan' story merits at least some consideration. Investigators Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais learned that Amelia had written George Putnam what they called a 'Dear John' letter just before she left New Guineau and subsequently vanished. The letter was held by Putnam's last wife, Margaret Havilland, who refused to make it public due to its 'hurtful and damaging' nature. Accordingly, Amelia had informed Putnam of her desire to separate, and of her decision to not immediately return to the United States as planned. So much would have 'ruined' Amelia's reputation if the public knew she was opting out of her life of celebrity by way of jettisonning her relationship with the man who discovered her in 1928, and worked so hard the following nine years to help make her, at least arguably, the most famous woman on the planet.
The Niihau plan stated how instead of coming right back to the mainland, Amelia had intended to remain in Hawaii for awhile, hopping back and forth between Hawaaii's forbidden Niihau Island and its closest neighbor island, Kauai. Hawaii was her last scheduled stop after Howland. Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais felt it played into the overall decision to reverse her original flight plan of east-to-west to its new direction of west-to-east. The change allowed for Hawaii to be her last stop instead of her first. There were even indications from people who knew Amelia, that her failed first attempt to circle the globe that ended when she ground-looped her plane in Hawaii, may have been a 'rigged' event to enable more time for the preparation of another 'differently outfitted' plane and the planning of her new flight direction to head eastward. Reineck believed this even more-so after his research revealed Monsignor Kelley's awareness of an alternate scenario for Amelia's world flight ending where she was to 'land on a non-disclosed island' pretending to be lost. He noted how an obscure 'Department of Interior' map of Niihau from the 1930s featuring two landing strips no one knew about, [one is still visible via satellite today] that according to known history never existed, was found amoung the Gervais-Irene's personal items after she died by her survived friend, Diana Dawes.
Joe Gervais had previously learned of Amelia having befriended the Robinson family that owned both the Island of Niihau and a large, private ranch on Kauai's southern coast. Amelia had met with family matriarch, Alice Gay Robinson during her aforementioned first 'failed' globe circling attempt in March of 1937 while she was in Hawaii. In the early 1980s, to friends of his in St. Croix, USVI, Monsignor James Francis Kelley (the Gervais-Irene's post World War Two close friend and 'confessor') mentioned that Amelia's original plan was to assume the role of a plantation owner on an Island in the Pacific. It was to serve as her cover while she otherwise conducted survey flights for the United States. According to Father Kelley, the plan fell apart when she missed Howland and accidentally ended up in the Marshalls. Reineck, a retired Air Force Colonel and former advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff especially felt there may have been something to it all, even in the face of others who called it absurd. Reineck had been stationed in Honolulu at Hickam Air Force Base before living in Hawaii for many years. It was no secret the Gay-Robinson sugar plantation was quite an impressive operation, nor was it a secret the Robinsons were very private family regarded with a kind of nobility status on the Islands as far away as Washington DC, ever since they acquired Niihau in the 1800s. The Robinsons were very strict when it came to allowing access to their lands, especially to the 'forbidden island' of Niihau. Amelia came to like Hawaii after her long stay there in 1935, and the Robinsons surely would have been able to keep her privately secured. The way things turned out though, in Reineck's opinion, was that Amelia, still not wanting to return to Putnam or to her life as a world-famous-pilot in the U.S. after Japan ended up receiving her instead, may have disclosed such a reality to her alternate new hosts, who in turn permitted her to remain in their Imperial Mandate Islands, going so far as to agree to her request of non-disclosure in exchange for a certain measure of cooperation she would afford in return.
Whatever the true circumstances were that caused it, there is no doubt Amelia ended up staying in Japan's Imperial Mandates for some time, more than likely by her own volition. So, no doubt feeling somewhat helpless, it was apparent the White House gravitated toward a 'let's move on' attitude as its only, albeit reluctant response to the information it had. Especially where circumstances dictated Amelia was able to disclose, if she chose to, her original plan and intention to not return to the U.S. right away. In any case it remains clear FDR and Morgenthau did know something about Earhart's final disposition that the American public did not know. Their glossed-over truth managed to stay buried for decades, until, thanks to the efforts of key private investigators who in the 1960s caused an overwhelming preponderence of evidence to surface that described how Amelia not only made it to the Marshall Islands, but she also continued to exist under the auspice of Japan prior to the outbreak of World War Two, and then during the war itself. Solidifying it as 'a mystery,' the U.S. and Japan never acknowledged or officially commented on it. It basically added up to Amelia wanting out, plain and simple, and first the U.S., and then Japan demonstrated their willingness to oblige her.
Additionally, investigative researcher, Randall Brink's hunch was possibly right about Fred Noonan having pre-arranged for himself to segue into a career as a U.S. Naval Intelligence officer instead of continuing on with his own 'usual' life, that had never been usual at all. Noonan's 'hard to accurately trace' background, his lonerism style and top navigator profile would have been perfect for such an assignment. Whatever his ultimate reality became as well though, the 'missing person' cases of both Earhart and Noonan were swiftly and solidly closed. Even the seven-year moratorium required to declare a missing person 'dead' was shortened to two years for Earhart and Noonan, leaving them legally described as 'no longer living' just as World War Two became a reality. It would be the 1970s before a leaked State Department file would reveal that Amelia ultimately ended up 'working with' Japan, and how she had also petitioned to become a Naturalized Citizen of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands on August 19, 1939, a date just preceding Germany's invasion of Poland.


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Protecting Earhart came into existence in 1996 and launched in 2007. Its comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study 1.) Proved more than one person used the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe and character-traits congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, ultimately concluding against the grain fo convention, said two individuals marked the same human being.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis began in 1997 and was first copyrighted in 2002. Author-creator, Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was ultimately copyrighted in 2014. For publishing and subsidiary film rights availability, phone 323-317-0886 or send an e-mail inquiry to the above provided address.
Protecting Earhart is dedicated to the tireless efforts of the late USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col., Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data and handwritten letters in 2002, paved the way for the overall forensic comparison study to eventually reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to former CIA operative, Bazzell Baz, who breathed some additional life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor when it was first getting underway in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Amelia Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity, after enduring their own long term investigations of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in 2004 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's 'Protecting Earhart' forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in Colonel Reineck's book, though it is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are the intellectual properties of Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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