|Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
|Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.
True or False: Amelia's visage was consistently
reconizable[?] Not necessarily. Here, when one compares the care-worn Amelia photo on the left to the more relaxed & cheerful
one on the right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s photos of the same person.
|Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.
|Amelia superimposed with the Gervais-Irene
AMELIA EARHART: True
the years following her disappearance a variety of odd Amelia Earhart stories surfaced. They
stemmed from Amelia's pre-fame adult years to her thirtieth year when she became famous; from her 'daily life' fame years
until she went missing just shy of her fortieth birthday; and from some controversial information learned by
investigators in the latter part of the Twentieth Century.
As time passed there appeared to be a subtle, 'let's move on' effort to keep some of these anecdotal soundbites from
being taken seriously, no matter how substantiated they appeared to be.
Here is an overdue attempt, if anything, to examine several
of the curious stories about Amelia that managed to come into existence. A summation of each is included. Take a look:
True or False:
Was A Spy
2.) Amelia Was 'Tokyo Rose'
3.) Amelia Sent A POW Liberation Telegram
To The U.S. At The End Of WWII
4.) Amelia Taught Improved English To Isoroku Yamamoto
Amelia Swore Like A Sailor
6.) Amelia's Sexual Identity Was
Easy To Define
7.) Howard Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Japan
Could Build Its Zero Fighter In Exchange For Amelia's Safety
Amelia Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen
Of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands
9.) Amelia Stayed In The Imperial Palace During The Wa
Amelia Became A New Jersey Housewife
11.) Amelia Ditched Her Plane On
12.) Amelia Was
Abducted By Aliens
13.) Amelia Became a Prostitute in Japan
14.) Amelia Was Pregnant When She Left On Her Last Flight
15.) Amelia Gave Birth To A Family-Secret Daughter In 1924
Amelia Had A Niihau Plan
1.) Amelia Was A Spy
their investigative research, Authors Fred Goerner and Randall Brink found compelling
documentation in Washington DC indicating something clandestine had been going on between Amelia and US Government Intelligence
adjacent to her world flight. It was difficult to outright verify Amelia Earhart as actively being engaged
in espionage, but there was enough to indicate if she hadn't been spying during her globe circling flight, she may have been
lined up to do it before she returned to the United States. Randall Brink found the most reliable documentation and additional
testimony conveying how Lockheed had been readying another specially outfitted Electra for Amelia. Coupled with the tantalyzing
data Fred Goerner previously located in Washington DC in the 1960s, it can be said this story does have a somewhat tangible
2.) Amelia Was Tokyo Rose
Introduced by a variety of World War Two soldiers stationed in the Pacific theater,
a significant coincidence exists where soon after Amelia's disappearance occurred, Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands populations
began referring to her as 'Tokyo Rosa' while she was being detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Not so ironically, the Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' is "That held by the Chrysanthemum," with Japanese
culture recognizing the Chrysanthemum representing the Official Seal of the Emperor of Japan.
The first Japan Radio NHK 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts were heard on a U.S.
Navy submarine on the Pacific Ocean a week prior to the Pearl Harbor attack. The suspicion of Amelia having survived in Japan's
custody combined with the familiar voice the soldiers heard caused many of them to convey the American
woman's voice they were hearing sounded like Amelia Earhart's voice. Some actually stated they believed it was Amelia's
voice. The woman's voice was later described as "fiendishly well coached" to sound
like Amelia by George Putnam, who U.S. Naval Intelligence had sent to monitor her broadcasts while he was serving overseas.
Of course, Putnam negated the idea that it was Amelia herself doing the broadcasts.
According to Monsignor James Francis Kelley, as later conveyed by reporter,
Dean Magley who interviewed him, the Gervais-Irene Bolam dreaded the connection being made where certain aspects of the Tokyo
Rose scenario did bear some truthful weight. Several investigative researchers also felt that Amelia's tenure under Japan's
auspice solely inspired the Tokyo Rose broadcasts invention.
The recognized history of Tokyo Rose was misleading, for Tokyo Rose was not the only American sounding woman doing
broadcasts for Japan. After the war it was conveyed by military reports that a Japanese-American UCLA student named Iva Toguri
[D'Aquino] found herself stuck in Japan during a visit home when the surprise Pearl Harbor attack occurred, and she was left
no choice but to spend the duration of the war there. Iva Toguri admitted being coerced into doing NHK broadcasts as 'Orphan
Ann,' although in court she testified she had been offered $2,000 to say she was 'Tokyo Rose' right after VJ Day, and she
accepted the offer unaware she was incriminating herself by doing so. Curiously, Amelia's last 'closest friend,' Jackie Cochran
was featured in a newspaper photo taken in Japan during Iva Toguri's arrest. More curious than that, during Iva Toguri's trial
in San Francisco in 1949, Amelia Earhart's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended the proceedings on a daily basis. After the trial,
Amy told the New York Times she knew Amelia ended up in Japan's custody, and that she had been
allowed to radio from oversees. She also believed Amelia had possibly been involved with the U.S. Government on a "verbal
orders" secret mission during her world flight.
Sadly, Iva Toguri was convicted of treason and sent to prison. The fact that she was coerced to do
the broadcasts was dismissed. After six years she was released for good behavior. It took nearly three decades to right the
wrong, but as his last official act in 1977, President Gerald Ford finally pardoned Iva
Toguri D'Aquino. She had always maintained her innocence, believing 'Tokyo Rose' was more of
a generic term, not knowing many U.S. soldiers verified there had been one specific American voiced female who identified
herself as 'Tokyo Rose.' As well, Imperial Mandate Islanders always maintianed "Tokyo Rosa" referred to Emperor
Hirohito's 'prized American Rose' who was Amelia Earhart, and that her non-publicized existence in Japan's care was coveted
by Japan during its war against the United States.
3.) Amelia Sent An End Of War Internment Camp Liberation Telegram
As mentioned, State Department Archivist, Patricia Morton found a declassified file
labeled "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" archived among State Department files in 1984. In it Ms.
Morton found a pair of August and September of 1945 speedletter telegrams, one sent to Earhart's former husband George Putnam,
the other, Putnam's reply a few weeks later. The telegram to Putnam came from a Weihsien, China 'Japanese
run' civilian internment camp just after VJ Day. It had been forwarded through Chungking, China, U.S. military headquarters
there during WWII. It was suggested by Amelia Earhart's niece, Amy Kleppner that Jackie Cochran may have had something to
do with making sure the telegram made it out; and Randall Brink located information to side with such an opinion. Other
enthusiasts offered how the message was written and sent by one Ahmad Kammal, a fellow Putnam had known who had been interned
at the Weihsien camp after Putnam had aligned Kamal with the FBI. Kamal was likely instrumental with Putnam and his FBI connections,
no doubt overseen by J. Edgar Hoover himself. (Yes, the Earhart disappearance case was always that important.) To date no
one has explained the label on the file: "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" that again, in 1990 Secretary
of State James Baker's office did confirm existed. The 'consternation causing' telegram to Putnam read:
"Camp liberated, all well, volumes to tell, love to mother." As speedletter telegrams were limited to ten words,
the sender's name was usually left out. Curious as well, a former OSS Lieutenant by the name of James
"Jess" Hannon who participated in the post VJ Day liberation of the Weihsien camp, mentioned he had seen the survived
Amelia Earhart sequestered there separately in private quarters and she was "not well" during
the war's end. Hannon described his account before the existence of the telegrams became public information.
Hannon went on to write a manuscript about his experience concerning Weihsien and Earhart called 'Amelia Earhart Survived.'
(Different from the Rollin Reineck book of the same name.) Opposing theorists have fought tooth and nail against the notion
of the telegrams being at all relative to a survived Amelia Earhart. Official silence prevailed over the matter, except
in 1991 former Seton Hall University President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley did admit during a taped interview that he
had been part of Amelia's end-of-war liberation process, and he was certain with his own words as well,
in describing how the 'Irene' he was good friends with after the war was the 'survived' former Ameia Earhart, and she was
'not well' when she returned to the U.S., and she had stayed with him for several weeks to recuperate at his Rumson, New
Jersey home. Monsignor Kelley was President of Seton Hall College at the time.
4.) Amelia Taught Improved English
Yamamoto In Boston
Joe Gervais claimed he had learned
the Harvard educated, Isoroku Yamamoto, [who would go on to help orchestrate the Pearl Harbor attack and become Japan's most
famous World War Two Admiral] lived in Boston in 1925 at the same time Amelia was there. Not only that, he asserted Isoroku
Yamamoto had been a student of Amelia Earhart's when she taught an 'Improved English' Harvard extension night course to foreign
students. After his research was confiscated, substantiating his account proved difficult for others, although it is true
Amelia Earhart did teach such an extension course in 1925, and Yamamoto had been a student at Harvard before he relocated
to Washington in 1926 to serve as a Japanese diplomat. It is certain Admiral Yamamoto and Emperor Hirohito were well aware
of who Amelia Earhart was in the 1930s since she was a loved hero in Japan then, just as Babe Ruth was after he toured Japan
with his exhibition baseball teams in the mid-1930s. When it was reported Earhart and Noonan were missing in early July of
1937, two years before World War Two began and four years before the U.S. entered it, neither Emperor Hirohito nor Admiral
Yamamoto would have let any harm come to the two fliers after Japan's Imperial Navy ultimately
rescued them. Having no use for him,
it also proved itself plausible that Japan would have liberated Fred Noonan unbeknownst to the American public. Author, Randall
Brink and Joe Gervais estimated how Fred Noonan, as smart and highly superior a navigator he was, ended up serving as a U.S.
Naval Intelligence officer [ONI] after assuming a new identity himself.
5.) Amelia Swore Like A Sailor
Amelia Earhart was one of those rare, highly intelligent individuals who could express herself
in impressive ways. She spoke a variety of foreign languages, including Japanese. A deep thinking and calculating person,
she was known to strive for perfection, and depending
on her energy level for, opinion of, or general interest in a particular situation or subject matter, her mood-code varied
accordingly. The late Art Kennedy, a past friend and mechanic of Amelia's recognized this clearly. Where Amelia could
appear demure when lecturing to to any given audience, as Art Kennedy recalled it this way in his book, Keeping 'Em
Flying, "In her unique fashion she [Amelia] was quite a lady, although it is well known that she punctuated her
airport conversation with a spectacular lexicon of aviation vulgarites." "She would get so frustrated that her
language became unprintable and Burbank tower operators often found it necessary to reprimand her." Art Kennedy's
use of the word 'often' is key, subtly verifying Amelia's occasional swearing habit, at least in aviation circles.
6.) Amelia's Sexual Identity Was Easy To Define
of her sometimes 'tomboy' look and her 'equal playing field for women' credo, Amelia's historical personna appeals to the
GLBT community. Still, all accounts conveyed her to have been a heterosexual. Amelia was linked romantically to a variety
of men both before and after she became famous [Lloyd Royer, Sam Chapman, Carl Harper, George Putnam, Gene Vidal, Paul Mantz]
while no information surfaced indicating she ever had a lesbian experience. Even if she had been secretly bisexual, her
private nature left it difficult to ascertain. Yet from silence comes enigma,
and from enigma rumors start. Simply put, Amelia was merely a woman pilot who liked the challenge of trying to fly airplanes
higher and farther than anyone else in a predominantly male environment, and she managed to build a successful career out
Hughes Traded His H-1 Racer Plans To Help Japan
Build Its Zero Fighter In Exchange For Amelia's Safety
This idea was also introduced
in the 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, although there never appeared to be a certain truth to it. It
was later revealed how in 1935-36 Japan was in stride with the same style of aircraft Hughes had been developing anyway.
Of course it is likely Japan did replicate aspects of the Hughes H-1 racer for its Zero fighter as the planes were quite
similar; but it was quite a stretch to suggest Hughes would have traded anything to Japan for Amelia Earhart's safe keeping.
It is true though, friends Paul Mantz, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart all knew Howard Hughes. Of course back then, most
anyone who was anybody in American aviation in the mid-1930s either knew or wanted to know Howard Hughes and/or Amelia Earhart.
On the other hand, and seemingly not including any Howard Hughes' involvement, in 1972, two years after Amelia Earhart
Lives had referenced one of the Japanese Zero's chief plane designers, Jiro Horikoshi, a leaked State Department file
revealed that Amelia had befriended Mr. Horikoshi at the Garden City, Long Island Curtis-Wright airplane manufacturing plant
in 1933, where he had temporarily relocated to oversee the manufacturing of planes the U.S. had purchased from Japan.
8.) Amelia Applied To Become A Naturalized Citizen
Of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands In 1939
According to information found in a secured State Department file that
was revealed in confidence to Joe Gervais in 1972 by State Department archivist, Arthur Dewayne Gibson of Verdunville,
West Virginia, a file labeled, "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" described how Amelia had been with
Mr. Jiro Horikoshi helping with "Zero wind tunnel tests" in Japan in 1938. Needless to say, 1938 would mark a
year after Amelia was declared missing.
Later, in 1990, six years after another State Department employee by
the name of Patricia Morton [who appeared on an NBC special about Amelia Earhart] discovered a declassified file labeled
the same way, "Earhart, Amelia; Special War Problems" containing documentation dated August and September
of 1945, yes, six years after she found it, in 1990 the office of Secretary of State James Baker did confirm in writing
such a file existed, but only after Baker's office was pressed to do so by a request letter from Senator Daniel Inouye
of Hawaii. Still, nothing was mentioned about the file's contents or why such a "Special War Problems" file on
Amelia Earhart ever came to exist, other than its contents had "concerned" Amelia Earhart.
his earlier exchanges with Gervais, Arthur Gibson specified how the file he found plainly described Amelia's August 19,
1939 request for naturalization [citizenship] in the Nipponese Imperial Islands, just prior to Germany's invasion of Poland.
Gibson mentioned the file also contained a couple of photos of Amelia, to include at least one displaying her in front
of a Japanese 'Randy' test plane. All of this may sound absurd on the surface, although do recall how Jackie Cochran,
who was the first American woman to enter Japan after World War Two, [Jackie asserted herself to have been "closer to
Amelia than anyone else" during the year-long period before Amelia left on her world flight in 1937] specified in
her 1953 book The Stars At Noon how she "found several files on Amelia Earhart" in Tokyo's Dai Ichi building
after being granted special access right after VJ Day. Those files, nor their contents ever made it into the public realm.
9.) Amelia Stayed At The Imperial Palace In Tokyo During The War
In the 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives, the idea was suggested
that Amelia Earhart may have received favorable treatment and protection from Emperor Hirohito during World War Two. It
was also later determined that the arrangement of her name change to Irene Craigmile may have been achieved with Japan's
omniscience. Where the latter may be true, it is doubtful Amelia Earhart stayed in the Imperial Palace. However, considering
the circumstances, or as President Truman said about some post-war realities being, "the history you will never know,"
investigative research suggests Amelia did travel among Japan's Imperial Mandates while she was gone, and she spent some
time in mainland Japan as well.
Amelia Became A New Jersey Housewife
To the press
in 1970, to answer the suspicion of her post-WWII changed identity, Irene
Craigmile Bolam [the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'] remarked, "I'm just a New Jersey housewife."
Except she wasn't really 'just a New Jersey Housewife.' Twelve years earlier, in 1958 she had married
a described British MI6 operative, Guy Bolam [who died in early 1970] and together they owned three homes in the United
States, including a house in New Jersey she called her 'main' residence. The
Gervais-Irene appeared to be an important yet 'enigmatic' person who very few people
knew all that well. Among her attributes she was a distinguished Wings Club member, a bank
Vice President, a familiar face to NASA astronauts, she was an International Relations Chairman for the Long Island ZONTA
chapter who spoke a variety of foreign languages just as her former Amelia-self did, and she spent a
great deal of time travelling the world throughout the 1960s and 1970s, to include making trips to Japan where she maintained
some friendships and belonged to a kimono club. She also took over as the Corporate
President of Radio Luxembourg in Europe in the 1970s after its previous owner, her husband, Guy Bolam died.
Amelia became a New Jersey housewife? Not
true. The Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] was wealthy and worldly in her later years, while managing to remain a veritable
enigma. As her survived brother-in-law, John Bolam told the Associated Press in 2002, "She was not an ordinary housewife
as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled."
how 1970 was five years after Joe Gervais first believed he recognized the Gervais-Irene
for who she used to be. She offered the present-tense denial of, "I am not she"
in reponse to Gervais' assertion, although in a way that was true where
her present tense identity was 'Irene' and the fact remained that
Amelia was declared 'legally dead' over thirty years prior to 1970. Her response to the just released McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives was
atypical when she coyly made the comment, "I'm just a New Jersey housewife." Ever since, with some help from the
news media it became a standing joke, 'Amelia Earhart ended up becoming a New Jersey housewife.'
Kelley later mentioned about his long time friend, the Gervais-Irene how by the
1960s she "barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and how after World War Two
she "didn't want to be Amelia anymore." Beyond Joe Gervais calling her out, she
never came forward to volunteer such information about herself, nor would she ever have. After Joe Gervais
tried to contact her after the two met in 1965, she was always sure to avoid him,
with the exception of a written response to a query-letter Gervais wrote to her displaying
handwriting that matched Amelia's. In such a letter she referred Joe Gervais to two friends of hers,
[who she also knew when she was Amelia] Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill. About Viola and Elmo, she included the following
cryptic passage tat all-but admitted her dual identity, "...because they
each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
Notice how Amelia's 'Amelia M Earhart' signature so easily
aligns with her future self, the Gervais-Irene's handwriting.
Amelia Ditched Her Plane On Nikumaroro Island
|Nikumaroro, FKA 'Gardner' Island
|Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan never came close to it.
NOTE: The idea that Amelia Earhart may have died a castaway's death on
the island of Nikumaroro began with a misguided suggestion, that for the past three decades has been diverting the reality
of Amelia's actual flight ending away from the public mindset.
By pushing unsubstantiated claims through media outlets, since the 1980s the Earhart cottage
industry known as 'TIGHAR' has promoted its own devised notion of Amelia having safely landed on Nikumaroro, where it claimed
she radioed for a few days before the tide came in and [mystifyingly] pulled her heavy plane out to deep ocean
waters near the island, where it supposedly waits be found. This fantastic fabrication continues to prey on less informed
individuals, including some who ended up draining their pockets in support of the group's ill-advised plane-hunt expeditions.
Despite the high-profile, money making group's
claims to the contrary, no evidence deemed 'credible' has ever supported its invented Nikumaroro ending of Amelia Earhart
and Fred Noonan. It is a plain truth; no bones, shoe-heels, or metal scraps found on the once colonized
island, in fact, not one item among all of the debris retrieved from the island over the years has ever come close
to being authenticated as a relic left behind by Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, or Amelia's plane. [See the 'satire' cartoon
below.] It's sad in a way, how the public is sometimes subjected to tabloid stories like this one that manage to make their
way into mainstream news venues. To consider that Earhart and Noonan would have optioned to steer their plane so far away
from civilized land masses is ludicrous, especially when Amelia had already stated their intention to not go south of the
equator, but rather, to 'reserve enough fuel to enable them to head back to the civilized British Gilbert
Islands if they missed Howland.' [The Marshall Islands are an extended part of the same Gilbert Islands archipilago just
north of them.] No matter, even though Nikumaroro is 600 miles south of the equator, with the idea being pushed on the press
and the public year after year, some news media outlets and a portion of the American public actually began considering TIGHAR's
'Nikumaroro' offering of the duo's demise as a possibility, even though it was never close to being true.
|1990s Satire cartoon from the Detroit News:
|A TIGHAR expedition to Nikumaroro; Elvis' pick, Amelia's hairpin, group leader, Ric Gillespie, etc.
'castaways' story of Earhart and Noonan's ending has evolved into an ongoing, inadvertent media joke.
Those who have seriously looked into the Earhart disappearance case understand such a thing." USAF Col.
Rollin C. Reineck (ret.) 2007, speaking about TIGHAR's decades old castaways story, that took true history and molded it into
a more innocent, almost romantic contrivance. In August of 2012 TIGHAR announced they 'might have' spotted Amelia's plane
underwater near Nikumaroro, although once again of course, nothing was there when they looked. At the time the claim passively
got Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton's attention who actually issued a supportive statement about it. No surprise, the
following day the White House itself issued a rare rebuttal stressing it favored 'no mystery solving theory' when it came
to the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance.
12.) Amelia Was Abducted By Aliens
Why not? The TV show Star Trek The Next Generation even put this idea into an episode it presented. Was she abducted
and brought back? Did her age not change like in Close Encounters Of The Third Kind? Say what one will, some people
do take this explanation seriously. Protecting Earhart stands by a more realistic conclusion based on historical
accounts and forensic comparisons.
13.) Amelia Became a Prostitute in Japan
This highly absurd rumor emanated from far less than credible accounts. A few soldiers claimed
that Amelia had been reduced to selling herself in order to survive in Japan during the war years. She would have rather
14.) Amelia Was Pregnant When She Left
The suggestion of Amelia Earhart being pregnant when she left on her world flight
later surfaced, but it was only based on hear-say from her photographer friend, Albert Bresnik. It is extremely unlikely
Amelia Earhart was 'with child' before she left on her world flight. No matter, famous writer, Max
Allan Collins [of 'The Road To Perdition' fame] still incorporated the idea into his 1998 historical novel about Amelia, Flying
Blind. Ironically, it does appear there's a chance that Amelia had given birth
to a child out of wedlock in 1924, four years before she became famous in 1928, and she had managed to
conceal it as a family secret, even throughout her fame years from 1928 to 1937. The
strong probability also appears, where the other woman who had been identified as 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' so prominently
in 1982, [see the 'Amelia's Hidden Daughter' section further down] with photo forgeries concocted to
make it appear so, in life the 'Non Gervais-Irene' may have been the unrecognized biological daughter
of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, possibly born in Canada when Amelia was there with her mother in
1924. [1924 has long been described by Amelia's extended family as Amelia's 'missing year.'] The Gervais-Irene knew the
'Non Gervais-Irene,' and the 1934 born son of the original Irene Craigmile, Larry Heller
recognized her as his early childhoood mother. This would mean, by the time the 'Non Gervais-Irene'
appeared identified as 'the late Irene Bolam' on the cover of Irene's memorial
dinner program [shown below] she was fifty-eight years old--about as old as the woman on
the program cover looked to be. This yet to be disproved suggestion that the woman shown further
below identified as "Irene Jr." was reared by the original Irene Craigmile's family, the O'Crowleys of Newark,
New Jersey, who Amelia knew, was only recently postulated. After
the original Irene's mysterious exit took place, 'Irene Jr.' AKA 'the Non Gervais-Irene' helped with the raising of the
her 1934 born son while she was still in her teens, before turning such a duty over to the
Gervais-Irene in the mid-1940s while the original Irene's son was living
at a boarding school. One might say it was 'all in the family.'
15.) Amelia Gave Birth To A Family-Secret Daughter In 1924
|The Non Gervais-Irene as Irene Bolam in 1982.
|Some feel she may have been AE's 1924 out-of-wedlock born child shown at age 58.
Above: Does Grace McGuire look
familiar? She was born in Scotland in 1945, adopted and raised there too. In her later years the Gervais-Irene was known to
travel to Scotland were she had several friends, to include Lady Mary Stewart. After Grace McGuire reached adulthood she moved
to the U.S., to Rumson, NJ where she stayed with Monisgnor James Francis Kelley. Some feel it's conjecture to offer the idea
of Grace being the biological daughter of the 2nd Irene, just as they feel it's conjecture to offer the idea of the 2nd Irene
as the long-rumored, 1924 born out-of-wedlock daughter of Amelia Earhart and Lloyd Royer, who would have arrived four years
before Amelia became famous at the age of thirty in 1928. Everybody knew each other somehow, that's for certain. Even Clarence
O'Crowley Jr. was adopted by the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile's uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley. The original
Irene became pregnant out of wedlock in 1926, before she married Civil Engineer, Charles Craigmile in 1927, although the child
was not Charles Craigmile's. In recent years, Peggy O'Crowley of the New Jersey Star Ledger [daughter of Clarence O'Crowley
Jr.] mentioned her father's O'Crowley birthright was a family 'bone of contention,' although it appears her father was the
original Irene's first-born 'illegitimate' son. In mid-1933 the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile once again found herself
pregnant out of wedlock. She eloped to marry the father, Al Heller. Their son, Larry was born in March of 1934. There exists
no legible photo evidence of the original Irene beyond the 1930s, although it is clear anymore, both the Gervais-Irene and
the 3rd Irene ended up using the original Irene's identity, and they participated in the continued upbringing of Larry Heller.
[Larry's father, Al Heller moved away a few years after Larry was born.] Protecting Earhart's study determined Clarence O'Crowley Jr. marked the biological
older half-brother of Larry Heller, with both having been born of the same mother, the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile.
Below: Did Amelia become a New
Jersey housewife? [Sounds funny, no?] Protecting Earhart learned how the 'Gervais-Irene' did not surface in the United
States until the mid-1940s after assuming the identity of 'Irene Craigmile,' with the prior 'original' Irene Craigmile having
been a past friend of Amelia's. Forensic comparisons displayed three different women had used the same 'Irene Craigmile' identity,
with the Gervais-Irene exhibiting a remarkable head to toe congruence to Amelia Earhart, who had supposedly 'vanished without
a trace' while flying over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. The explanation for how the "New Jersey housewife" story began
follows the next two panels under the index. Below are equal photo-overlay blends of Amelia Earhart and the Gervais-Irene:
|Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
|1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.
|Amelia, 1928, after the Friendship flight.
|Amelia Earhart, 1933
|Classic Amelia photo portrait.
|Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart
|The Gervais-Irene & Amelia
|Two photos in an equal blend.
|Irene-1963 / Amelia-1928, age thirty-one.
|Irene-1965 / Amelia-1933
|Irene-1976 / Amelia-1932
|Irene-1978 / Amelia-1929
16.) Amelia Had A Niihau Plan
'Niihau Plan' story merits at least some consideration. Investigators Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais learned that Amelia had
written George Putnam what they called a 'Dear John' letter just before she left New Guineau and subsequently vanished. The
letter was held by Putnam's last wife, Margaret Havilland, who refused to make it public due to its 'hurtful and damaging'
nature. Accordingly, Amelia had informed Putnam of her desire to separate, and of her decision to not
immediately return to the United States as planned. So much would have 'ruined' Amelia's reputation if the public knew she
was opting out of her life of celebrity by way of jettisonning her relationship with the man who discovered her in 1928,
and worked so hard the following nine years to help make her, at least arguably, the most famous woman on the planet.
The Niihau plan stated how instead of coming right back to the mainland, Amelia had intended to remain in
Hawaii for awhile, hopping back and forth between Hawaaii's forbidden Niihau Island and its closest neighbor island, Kauai.
Hawaii was her last scheduled stop after Howland. Rollin Reineck and Joe Gervais felt it played into the overall decision
to reverse her original flight plan of east-to-west to its new direction of west-to-east. The change allowed for Hawaii to
be her last stop instead of her first. There were even indications from people who knew Amelia, that her failed first attempt
to circle the globe that ended when she ground-looped her plane in Hawaii, may have been a 'rigged' event to enable more time
for the preparation of another 'differently outfitted' plane and the planning of her new flight direction to head eastward.
Reineck believed this even more-so after his research revealed Monsignor Kelley's awareness of an alternate scenario for Amelia's
world flight ending where she was to 'land on a non-disclosed island' pretending to be lost. He noted how an obscure 'Department
of Interior' map of Niihau from the 1930s featuring two landing strips no one knew about, [one is still visible via satellite
today] that according to known history never existed, was found amoung the Gervais-Irene's personal items after she died by
her survived friend, Diana Dawes.
Joe Gervais had previously learned of Amelia having befriended the Robinson family that owned both the
Island of Niihau and a large, private ranch on Kauai's southern coast. Amelia had met with family matriarch, Alice Gay Robinson
during her aforementioned first 'failed' globe circling attempt in March of 1937 while she was in Hawaii. In the early 1980s,
to friends of his in St. Croix, USVI, Monsignor James Francis Kelley (the Gervais-Irene's post World War Two close friend
and 'confessor') mentioned that Amelia's original plan was to assume the role of a plantation owner on an Island in the Pacific.
It was to serve as her cover while she otherwise conducted survey flights for the United States. According to Father Kelley,
the plan fell apart when she missed Howland and accidentally ended up in the Marshalls. Reineck, a retired Air Force Colonel
and former advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff especially felt there may have been something to it all, even in the face
of others who called it absurd. Reineck had been stationed in Honolulu at Hickam Air Force Base before living in Hawaii for
many years. It was no secret the Gay-Robinson sugar plantation was quite an impressive operation, nor was it a secret the
Robinsons were very private family regarded with a kind of nobility status on the Islands as far away as Washington DC, ever
since they acquired Niihau in the 1800s. The Robinsons were very strict when it came to allowing access to their lands, especially
to the 'forbidden island' of Niihau. Amelia came to like Hawaii after her long stay there in 1935, and the Robinsons surely
would have been able to keep her privately secured. The way things turned out though, in Reineck's opinion, was that Amelia, still not wanting to return to
Putnam or to her life as a world-famous-pilot in the U.S. after Japan ended up receiving her instead, may have disclosed
such a reality to her alternate new hosts, who in turn permitted her to remain in their Imperial Mandate Islands, going
so far as to agree to her request of non-disclosure in exchange for a certain measure of cooperation she would afford in return.
Whatever the true circumstances were that caused it, there is no doubt Amelia ended up staying in Japan's
Imperial Mandates for some time, more than likely by her own volition. So, no doubt feeling somewhat helpless, it was apparent
the White House gravitated toward a 'let's move on' attitude as its only, albeit reluctant response to the information it
had. Especially where circumstances dictated Amelia was able to disclose, if she chose to, her original plan and
intention to not return to the U.S. right away. In any case it remains clear FDR and Morgenthau did know something about
Earhart's final disposition that the American public did not know. Their glossed-over truth managed to stay buried for decades,
until, thanks to the efforts of key private investigators who in the 1960s caused an overwhelming preponderence of evidence
to surface that described how Amelia not only made it to the Marshall Islands, but she also continued to exist under the
auspice of Japan prior to the outbreak of World War Two, and then during the war itself. Solidifying it as 'a mystery,'
the U.S. and Japan never acknowledged or officially commented on it. It basically added up to Amelia wanting out, plain and
simple, and first the U.S., and then Japan demonstrated their willingness to oblige her.
investigative researcher, Randall Brink's hunch was possibly right about Fred Noonan having pre-arranged for himself to segue
into a career as a U.S. Naval Intelligence officer instead of continuing on with his own 'usual' life, that had never been
usual at all. Noonan's 'hard to accurately trace' background, his lonerism style and top navigator profile would have been
perfect for such an assignment. Whatever his ultimate reality became as well though, the 'missing person' cases of both Earhart
and Noonan were swiftly and solidly closed. Even the seven-year moratorium required to declare a missing person 'dead' was
shortened to two years for Earhart and Noonan, leaving them legally described as 'no longer living' just as World War Two
became a reality. It would be the 1970s before a leaked State Department file would reveal that Amelia ultimately ended up
'working with' Japan, and how she had also petitioned to become a Naturalized Citizen of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands
on August 19, 1939, a date just preceding Germany's invasion of Poland.