The Latent History Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

The Misguided 'Castaways' Claim

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
About 'Protecting Earhart'
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
The Misguided 'Castaways' Claim
Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands(?)
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Optioned For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

This website previews the ten-year forensic analysis and MSS, Protecting Earhart scheduled for publication this year. [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


Beware The Hype: Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan
Did Not Die As Castaways On A Desert Island

Nikumaroro, FKA 'Gardner' Island
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan never came close to it.

NOTE: The idea that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan may have died as castaways began with a misguided suggestion, one that for the past three decades has helped to divert the reality of Amelia's actual flight ending away from the public mindset.
By advertising unsubstantiated claims to media outlets, since the 1980s the Amelia Earhart cottage industry known as 'TIGHAR' has promoted the false notion of Amelia having safely landed on Nikumaroro, where it claimed she radioed for a few days before the tide came in and [mystifyingly] pulled her heavy plane out to deep ocean waters near the island, where it supposedly waits be found. This fantastic fabrication continues to prey on less informed individuals, including some who ended up draining their pockets in support of the group's ill-advised plane-hunt expeditions.
Despite the high-profile group's claims to the contrary, no evidence deemed 'credible' has ever supported its invented ending of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. It is true how no bones, shoe-heels, or metal scraps found on the once colonized island, in fact, not one item among all of the debris retrieved from the island over the years has ever come close to being authenticated as a relic left behind by Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, or Amelia's plane. [Note the 'satire' cartoon below.] It's sad in a way, how the public is sometimes subjected to tabloid stories like this one that manage to make their way into mainstream news venues. To consider that Earhart and Noonan would have optioned to steer their plane so far away from civilized land masses is ludicrous, especially when Amelia had already stated their intention to not go south of the equator, but rather, to 'reserve enough fuel to enable them to head back to the civilized British Gilbert Islands if they missed Howland.' [The Marshall Islands just north of the Gilberts are an extended part of the same archipilago.] No matter, even though Nikumaroro is hundreds of miles south of the equator, with the idea being pushed on the press and the public year after year, some news media outlets and a portion of the American public actually began considering TIGHAR's 'Nikumaroro' offering of the duo's demise as a possibility, even though it was never close to being true. 

1990s Satire cartoon from the Detroit News:
A TIGHAR expedition to Nikumaroro; Elvis' pick, Amelia's hairpin, group leader, Ric Gillespie, etc.

"The 'castaways' story of Earhart and Noonan's ending has evolved into an ongoing, inadvertent media joke. Those who have seriously looked into the Earhart disappearance case understand such a thing." USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck (ret.) 2007, speaking about TIGHAR's decades old castaways story, that took true history and molded it into a more innocent, almost romantic contrivance. In August of 2012 TIGHAR announced they 'might have' spotted Amelia's plane underwater near Nikumaroro, although once again of course, nothing was there when they looked. At the time the claim passively got Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton's attention who actually issued a supportive statement about it. No surprise, the following day the White House itself issued a rare rebuttal stressing it favored 'no mystery solving theory' when it came to the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance.

Contrary to the later introduced 'castaways' claim, the
plain truth about Amelia's last flight has long existed:
After taking off from Lae, New Guinea and flying over 2,500 miles, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan failed to locate their intended destination of Howland Island. Sticking to their pre-described 'Plan B' option while they still had enough fuel to make it, the duo turned back to the British Gilbert Islands they had flown over on their way to Howland. Avoiding some earlier reported storm squalls, they steered too far north and ended up going down at Mili Atoll of Japan's Marshall Islands instead, that Japan was in the process of fortifying with military installations.
Japan refused to allow the United States Navy to search the Marshalls, but did say it would conduct its own search.
The duo was soon after picked up by Japan's Imperial Navy that considered their surprise encroachment suspect and detained them without public awareness. Japan never reported its search progress or its rescue of the duo, for right after Earhart and Noonan went missing it declared war on China that all but obliterated its diplomatic relationship with the United States. [The U.S. was China's ally.]
To this day the public remains uncertain about the conditions of the duo's existence during the World War Two era, a result of the 'official silence' long maintained in Tokyo and Washington toward the Earhart disappearance subject mattter.
While what became of Fred Noonan is still a subject of speculation, it is otherwise clear where Amelia ended up receiving high-level endorsements that enabled her to change her name to 'Irene' before resuming her life in the post-war United States as a non-public figure.
Few recall, before Amelia went missing she had grown to become, at least arguably, the most famous woman on the planet. When she died as 'Irene' in 1982, only a few public-realm individuals were aware that she used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 


The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and rescue at Mili Atoll

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Earhart's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
A Best Seller; concluded Earhart went down in the Marshalls and ended up in Japan's custody.
1970 Joe Klaas book re: Joe Gervais' investigation
A best seller, concluded a renamed Amelia survived World War Two in Japan's custody.
Randall Brink's 1994 'Best Seller'...
Concluded Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshalls and were detained by Japan.

Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia Earhart, 1933

Amelia, 1928

Classic Amelia, the blend begins.

Orville Wright & Amelia

Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Two photos superimposed.
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1965 / Amelia,1933
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1963 / Amelia,1928
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Gervais-Irene,1976 / Amelia,1932
Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
As the Gervais-Irene, 1978 / as Amelia, 1929

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Click here to e-mail and/or Beyond 37', or just e-mail was first launched in 2007. The comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study it partially displays, 1.) Proved more than one person employed the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
The analysis initially began in 1997 and was beta copyrighted in 2002. Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was copyrighted in 2014. For subsidiary rights information e-mail
This website is dedicated to the late USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data in 2002 paved the way for the forensic comparison study to finally reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to Bazzell Baz, who helped to breathe new life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity after enduring their own long term investigative analysis of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in late 2003 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's Irene-Amelia forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in the Reineck book, that is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are owned and managed by Tod Swindell through Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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