The 1997-2017 Swindell Study: Amelia Earhart Compared To The Post-World War Two 'Irene Craigmile'

Amelia Earhart: "The History of the Mystery"

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
About The Real 'Original' Irene Craigmile, Amelia Earhart's 1930s "Pal"
About Tod Swindell
Reality Check: The 'Missing Person Case' Of Amelia Earhart
1982 Irene Craigmile Newspaper FRAUD Uncovered By The Swindell Study
Tod Swindell: One Filmmaker's Amazing Amelia Earhart Journey
Amelia Earhart: A True Story
Forensically Comparing Amelia Earhart To Irene Craigmile Bolam
About Monsignor James Francis Kelley
The Universal Truth About Amelia Earhart
Books Published On Amelia Earhart Research And Investigations

December 2018


Note: This website and the forensic conclusion it presents are the copyrighted intellectual properties of Amelia Earhart journalist-historian, Tod Swindell. [U.S. Copyright registration #'s:  TXu 1-915-926; 2014, TXu 2-061-539; 2017]



Below: Cover of the original MSS, "Earhart, 1937, and Beyond; The History Of The Mystery" By Tod Swindell [Copyright 1998]


Much verified controversial information pertaining to the eight-decades-old missing person case of Amelia Earhart originated from the authors and their various publications featured below. Tod Swindell's new-millennium forensic research analysis illuminated a new look at Amelia Earhart's 1937 'disappearance.' Be it known, none of the information here was invented nor has it been falsely sensationalized. Devoted U.S. aviation history buffs and those curious about what happened to Amelia Earhart might consider the way the new forensic analysis managed to illuminate what became of Amelia after she supposedly vanished wihout a trace in 1937. Note: The story of Amelia's loss that year was a top-ten national news item in the Twentieth Century.

The Original 'Earhart Truth' Discoverers
To understand and accept the post-loss reality of Amelia Earhart, it is best to start by reviewing the findings of those who originally delivered the most significant aspects of it:


Paul Briand
Joe Gervais
Fred Goerner

Vincent Loomis
Randall Brink
Rollin Reineck

Above are the most formidable Amelia Earhart 'world flight' historians of the Twentieth Century: Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Vincent Loomis, Randall Brink, and Rollin Reineck. These authors researched Amelia's final flight more than anyone. All of them concluded its outcome resulted in Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan, being picked up in the Marshall Islands by Japan's Imperial Navy where they were detained without public awareness.

Accordingly, Earhart and Noonan having strayed too far north as they headed toward the Gilbert Islands, their Plan B after missing Howland, marked a happenstance event that occurred just as the Sino-Japanese War was about to erupt, thus marking the dawn of the World War Two era and the collapse of the remaining tenuous diplomacy between Japan and the United States.

Paul Briand, Fred Goerner, and Vincent Loomis determined the two fliers likely died in Japan's custody; Joe Gervais, Randall Brink, and Rollin Reineck, however, believed Amelia survived the constrained situation she ended up existing in during the World War Two years. Gervais first, and then Reineck as well even took it a step further, offering how after the war Amelia chose not to continue leading her life as a famous person. They believed out of respect for Amelia, and supported by a 'let's move on' attitude, such a reality was endorsed by the newly aligned post-war governments of the United States and Japan--in the interest of honoring her gained desire for future privacy.

Tod Swindell's twenty-year study closely examined these scenarios and drew its own final conclusion, solidified by additional information and the forensic truths he realized in the information sharing age of the new millennium. 

The Others
After the above wave of investigative authors and their deeply researched books about Amelia Earhart's last flight came out during the 1960s to 1980s time period, oddly enough some new, 'different opinion' theorists began surfacing and drawing attention to themselves within the Amelia Earhart mystery arena. Of course their individual determinations about what happened to Amelia fell short of delivering anything deemed authoritatively real, even though all of them worked hard at promoting what their misguided ideas. Here are six of the well-off-base, all be them 'news media touted' theorists from recent years gone by: 

Elgen Long

In the 1980s, Elgen Long started what he would later turn into the non-profit organization known as, 'Nauticos' in order to promote the idea that Amelia simply crashed and sank near Howland Island, and that was it. Going up against experts from Lockheed and many others who disagreed with his fuel use analysis of Amelia's plane, Mr. Long still claimed to have 'solved the mystery' as described in the title of his 1999 book, Amelia Earhart: The Mystery Solved. While Elgen Long was always a gentleman and respectful to other theorists, ultimately few believed his claim. Just the same, with Nauticos, Elgen headed-up many expeditions to look for Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E plane fathoms underwater in the vicinity north of Howland Island.

Richard Gillespie

In the late 1980s, Richard Gillespie started his soon to be well-funded 'non-profit' organization, TIGHAR in order to promote the idea that Amelia Earhart and Fred noonan died as castaways on a desert island, and at least Amelia was eaten by giant crabs. He claimed Nikumaroro Island, located in the Phoenix Islands group hundreds of miles south of the Equator, is where this all occurred. Mr. Gillespie headed many expensive expeditions to the island to look for Amelia's plane and her remains under the umbrella of his TIGHAR organization, AKA, 'The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery.' He strangeley appeared to believe, how with no pre-mention to anyone, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan chose to blindly steer their plane deep into no-man's land. Alas, the Smithsonian Institution cited how none of the debris found by TIGHAR on the once inhabited and colonized island could be authentically linked to Amelia's last flight.  

Bill Prymak

In 1989, Bill Prymak started the Amelia Earhart Society to promote how after Amelia was picked up by Japan in the Marshall Islands, she later died on Saipan while in Japan's custody. Over time a variety of rumors came to exist describing different ways Amelia Earhart might have died while in Japan's custody. Conveyances of a mysterious illness, executions in the Marshall Islands or on Saipan, a plane crash in China, even a slow death in a rat invested prison cell entered the fray. Here, though, it's important to recognize that Japan denied ever 'harming' Amelia Earhart and the United States never accused it of such a thing. Bill Prymak was undeterred. From the 1980s into the 2000s, he traveled to the Marshall Islands time and again to conduct interviews, a few times in the company of famed Amelia Earhart historian, retired USAF Major, Joe Gervais, whose own research findings led him to conclude that Amelia survived her disappearance and later changed her name to 'Irene.' Joe Gervais died in 2005, Bill Prymak died in 2014.

Alex Mandel

Ukranian Physicist, Dr. Alex Mandel also supported the suggestion of Amelia having died on Saipan while in Japan's custody. Dr. Mandel offered that Amelia was executed by Japan, admitting at the same time that he had no certifiable knowledge on how or when the event occurred. Still, his belief led to his enlisting of Mike Campbell's help, (below left) that resulted in the two of them presenting a co-written dissertation at the Amelia Earhart Festival in Atchison, Kansas in 2012, that overtly campaigned against Tod Swindell's forensic findings, or any possibility at all of Amelia Earhart's continued survival in Japan's custody after she was picked up by its Imperial Naval Authority. Even though no REAL evidence was ever located that offered authenticity to ANY of the differing claims on how Amelia died while she was in Japan's custody, Dr. Mandel and Mike Campbell still feverishly campaigned that she was 'executed for spying' on Saipan while in Japan's charge, and the knowledge of it was covered-up by the United States and Japanese governments.

Mike Campbell

In the 2000s, brushed-up Amelia Earhart theorist, Mike Campbell, befriended the Amelia Earhart Society's 1989 founding president, Bill Prymak. (Shown above.) Taking advantage of Mr. Prymak's gathered Earhart files that featured volumes of research data he collected from other theorists over the years, Mr. Campbell picked up where the AES left off after it disbanded in 2002, to promote how Amelia Earhart died according to the earlier claim of one Thomas Devine, who offered that Amelia was executed by Japan's military on Saipan and was subsequently buried there. Mr. Campbell wrote and self-published a book chocked with Devine's claims and Prymak's AES material entitled, Amelia Earhart: The Truth At Last, issued in 2012. 

Woody Peard

Woody Peard, an Amelia Earhart theorist knowledgeable of Japanese culture during the World War Two era, asserted that Amelia was executed by Japan's military on the Island of Taroa in an incredibly macabre way, and that the event was filmed and surreptitiously sent to Washington DC. In May of 1938, when Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Stephen Gibbons said about Earhart's loss, "We have evidence that the thing is all over. Sure, terrible. It would be awful to make it public...," Mr. Peard suggested Japan's filmed execution of Amelia Earhart was possibly what he referred to. Others maintained it was the withheld "wireless messages" of Amelia's "last few minutes" notated in the same transcript where Gibbons' "we have evidence" statement appeared.  

Two Additional Opposing Theorists; The Credible Account Of Former OSS Officer, James "Jess" Hannon, And Ron Bright, Who Worked Hard To Shut Him Down. You Decide....

James "Jess" Hannon

James "Jess" Hannon served in World War Two as an OSS Army Lieutenant. He relayed his, 'Amelia Earhart survival' account to Amelia Earhart historians, Joe Gervais and Randall Brink beginning in the 1970s, and he later signed an agreement with famed British film director, Ken Annakin, who optioned his story in conjunction with the Joe Gervais account. Mr. Hannon asserted that Amelia Earhart was quietly liberated from a civilian internment camp located in China's Shandong Peninsula at the end of World War Two--right after VJ Day. As a member of the OSS, (the 'Office Of Strategic Services,' a CIA predecessor) he participated in the liberation of the camp at Weihsien, and cited how he 'saw Amelia Earhart' in the process of doing so, sequestered away in separate quarters there. He added she was 'not well' at the time, and was being privately attended to by a nurse. A British Commander who greeted his OSS team's arrival at the camp, referred to the sequestered Earhart as, "the Yank Jane Doe." Mr. Hannon originally believed in a rumor he heard shortly thereafter, stating that the plane carrying Amelia Earhart, who had been 'loaded on a litter' into it, crashed before reaching its initial destination and all on board had perished. After he studied the research findings of Joe Gervais, Hannon ascertained that the plane crash story was a 'ruse' meant to bring internal closure to high level military personnel--that shared the classified knowledge of Amelia Earhart's continued survival in Japan's custody during the war years. Opposing theorists and a few former internees at the camp challenged Hannon's account, but it's hard to question the credibility of a man who was personally commended by Steven Spielberg for his contributions to the SHOAH foundation. A published author, Hannon's still unpublished work, "Amelia Earhart Survived" presents his first hand recollection of Amelia's post-VJ Day liberation process. James Jess Hannon ultimately believed Amelia made it back to the United States where she became further known as "Irene" until she died in 1982. 

Ron Bright

Ron Bright fought hard to discredit the James Hannon account about Amelia's war time survival. Here's the story: In 1984, after the Freedom of Information Act was put in place--and years after Mr. Hannon relayed his account to Joe Gervais and Randall Brink about seeing Amelia Earhart at Weihsien in August of 1945--a newly declassified, "Earhart, Amelia: Special War Problems" file was discovered by U.S. State Department archivist, Patricia Morton. Censors clearly missed it, for within the file was a 'liberation telegram' sent to Amelia's former husband, George Putnam dated August 28, 1945. The telegram was written on August 21, six days after VJ day. It read, "Camp liberated, all well, volumes to tell, love to mother." Unsigned, it was possibly sent by one Ahmad Kamal, a liaison of George Putnam's who was interned at the camp with hundreds of other civilians from allied nations at the end of the war. Putnam's relationship with the FBI became known, and he had once recommended Mr. Kamal as a good FBI candidate to serve as a special agent. Putnam's reply requesting more information was also found in the file by Ms. Morton, but it contained no further reply to Putnam. It was believed by Joe Gervais, that George Putnam was purposefully removed from the inner circle of truth about Amelia's clandestine, post-war return to the United States, based on the logic that Amelia desired a life of future privacy, and that the U.S. government preferred to move on from a controversy it wanted to leave buried. Gervais further believed that George Putnam, having served in China as a member of Army Intelligence during the war himself until an illness caused his return to the U.S. in 1944, was also subjected to accept Amelia's post-liberation [false] plane-crash story. Ron Bright and his former research partner, the late Laurie McGlaughlin, first suggested Kamal as the person who wrote the telegram at Weihsien. Bright, however, asserted the message had nothing to do with Amelia even though the label on the file clearly indicated it did. In fact, in 1990, the U.S. State Department itself confirmed the file's contents had, "concerned Amelia Earhart" in writing. Even so, Mr. Bright continued to insist that Lieutenant Hannon was wrong about seeing Amelia alive at Weihsien.   

The Truth...
Researcher, Tod Swindell's analysis deeply examined the hardest unanswered questions about Amelia Earhart's controversial disappearance. His substantial findings included the mind-boggling 'triplicate human existence' of the enigmatic, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam. Those of you who are curious to learn about what his study accomplished have come to the right place.


Above: The former Amelia Earhart, AKA the 'Gervais-Irene Bolam' or 'post mid-1940s Irene' shown in Jamaica in 1976. The age-old controversy about her true past was buried by obfuscation.
"Sure it's hard to see Amelia Earhart when you look at the Gervais-Irene in the 1970s. The forensic reality doesn't lie, however. The Gervais-Irene most definitely was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Anymore this truth is obvious." Tod Swindell, 2017

Below: From the 1970s into the 1990s, a well known monsignor of the U.S. catholic church plainly described the truth he knew about Amelia Earhart's post loss survival. The public was persuaded not to believe him.

Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy

From the 1970s to the early 1990s, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, (1902-1996) a past president of Seton Hall College in New Jersey who held doctorates in philosophy and psychology, plainly described to select individuals he knew that his good friend, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, [who died in 1982] had previously been known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Father Kelley mentioned that he had helped Amelia with "emotional  healing therapy" after her mid-1940s return to the United States, and that he had been instrumental with her re-identification process that left her further known as 'Irene.' After this information surfaced in the new millennium, disbelievers called him ''crazy" for having described what he did. He wasn't crazy. He had merely told the truth. His lucid confirmation of Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam having been known before as Amelia Earhart was even recorded during a taped interview conducted by retired USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck. 

From above, regarding the first 'six' misguided theorists and their varying accounts, (Long, Gillespie, Prymak, Mandel, Campbell, and Peard) it is important to recall how the disappearance of Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan was initially referred to as, 'a missing persons' case.
About a month after their disappearance the two fliers were being promoted through the media as, 'persons presumed lost at sea,' and within two years they had both been legally declared 'dead.' In the 1960s, though, as a result of the dogged historical research efforts of Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Bob Dinger, and Fred Goerner, the public began learning the reality of the two having been rescued and detained by Japan. The only above listed theorists who refused to subscribe to this common discovery were Elgen Long and Richard Gillespie. By way of presenting their safer, off-track ideas, in more recent decades Mr. Long and Mr. Gillespie received the most Smithsonian Institution support devoted to the so-called, 'mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance.'  

Protecting Earhart returned Amelia's loss to the 'Missing Person' case it always was.
Two surefire ways to solve a Missing Person case: 1.) Find the missing person. 2.) Find and identify the body or the remains of the missing person.
Protecting Earhart asserts the person formerly known as Amelia Earhart was first found and recognized in 1965, and she was positively identified four decades later by way of its own comprehensive forensic analysis, some of the results of which are viewable in this website.


Above: The former Amelia Earhart, AKA "Mrs. Irene Bolam" in 1978. When this formal photo-portrait was taken she had been known as "Irene" for over three decades. As it turned out there were three Twentieth Century women attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity. The general public was never supposed to know this, nor was it supposed to know about the famous past of the Mrs. Bolam shown here. This is why the news media has always been persuaded by historical dictum influences, to include Amelia's survived family members and Dr. Thomas Crouch and Dorothy Cochrane of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum, not to regard or pay serious attention to this profound 'forensic truth' realized in the new millennium. It doesn't matter in the grand scheme of things as the following reality anymore exists: The "Mrs. Irene Bolam" displayed above appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, because she had been previously known as, "Amelia Earhart." The original 'Irene,' who Amelia had known before she assumed her left-over identity after World War Two, looked entirely different and was historically a far less ambitious individual. For more about the original 'Irene' whose identity Amelia assumed in her later life years, click on "The True Story of Amelia Earhart" link on the left.

In the 1980s, a variety of new 'privately run cottage industries' intent on pecuniary interests, began exploiting the invented Amelia Earhart Mystery by introducing a variety of new theories to explain her 1937 world flight ending & outcome. This practice created a plethora a false-hope news briefs that confused and dumbed-down the American public about Amelia's world flight ending ever since. Fortunately, it began to diminish after knowledge of the incontestable, 'new-millennium forensic achievements' that displayed Amelia's post-war ongoing existence as Irene ultimately surfaced.


Right, Amelia Earhart, age 31...


...superimposed into...


...her later-life self in 1978

Amelia under the nose of her Lockheed Electra 10E, 1937

Amelia Earhart, 1937

...superimposed into...

...her future self, the 'Gervais-Irene Bolam' in 1965

Below: In photographs Amelia Earhart displayed different looks during her fame-years just as she did in later-life when she was known as 'Irene,' until her passing took place in 1982. Even though it is true the photo images below display the same human being in younger and older forms, to date the U.S. justice department has never offered an opinion about Mrs. Bolam, leaving the Smithsonian Institution [a 'ward' of the United States government] no choice but to dismiss what in recent decades grew to become the 'obvious reality' of Amelia's later-life existence with a different name. 

Amelia as Amelia side:




Amelia as Irene side:





Those who do not believe what they see here above do not recognize the reality of what became of Amelia Earhart after July 2, 1937.

Open-minded people who read, carefully observe, and then seriously contemplate the information displayed on this page should find it enlightening. They may also find it possible to comprehend how the truth about Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome was known but furtively withheld from the public dating back to the World War Two era.
Others who have a hard time believing what they read and observe here will likely remain in denial, when it comes to the universal truth about Amelia Earhart's 1937 world-flight outcome.

Amelia Earhart's last takeoff from Lae, New Guinea.

On what became of Amelia Earhart after July 2, 1937...

"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." A new-millennium Associated Press quote about the Gervais-Irene Bolam and Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis as described by John Bolam, the Gervais-Irene's survived brother-in-law who knew her from the 1960s until she died in 1982. Mr. Bolam had long considered the possibility that she was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'

Below: The Gervais-Irene

1977, one of three 'Irenes' who used the same ID.
FKA 'Earhart,' wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s

Shown with Amelia at age 31...
...via a superimposed photo from Amelia's book, 'The Fun Of It'

The Truth...
The following statements refer to the landmark forensic analysis discoveries made by Protecting Earhart beginning in 1997 and continuing well into the new millennium:
1.) Protecting Earhart discovered and revealed how the woman labeled the 'Gervais-Irene' in its forensic analysis completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise, and she was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s. 
2.) Protecting Earhart discovered and revealed how three different women were attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity in the Twentieth Century, and the 'Gervais-Irene,' who appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, was one of them. She died in 1982.  
Forensic Conclusion: By way of Protecting Earhart's Forensic Analysis results and the volumes of information discovered about Irene Bolam dating back to the 1960s, that began with the unparalleled investigative research the looked into Irene Bolam's past life history conducted by the now late, USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (1924-2005), that Protecting Earhart picked up on in the 1990s and continued with into the new millennium, anymore the following statement denotes a forensic certainty: Most definitely the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'

The original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
A past acquaintance of Amelia's, shown with her husband Charles and her father, Joe.
The 'second' Irene Craigmile, early 1940s.
The 1934 born son of the original Irene recalled this woman as his childhood mother.

The former Amelia Earhart

The 'Gervais' Irene Craigmile in 1946
Became 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' after her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England

"As far as the dated 'missing person case' of Amelia Earhart is concerned, we have arrived at a place where the accumulated body of evidence is too substantial to disregard." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell


On the Findings of Protecting Earhart...

"Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence." Carl Sagan

"The Irene-Amelia reality isn't a 'claim.' It's a highly recognizable truth supported by extraordinary evidence." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell


Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia Earhart, 1933

Amelia, age 30

Classic Amelia, the blend begins.

Senator Hiram Bingham & Amelia

Gervais-Irene & her former Amelia self
Two photos superimposed
As the Gervais-Irene,1965 / as Amelia, 1933
As the Gervais-Irene, 1963 / as Amelia, age 30
As the Gervais-Irene, 1976 / as Amelia, 1932
As the Gervais-Irene, 1977 / as Amelia, age 31

On The World War Two Era FBI File On Amelia Earhart


Above: A sentence excerpted from a 12/27/44 dated document found in the fifty-nine page, "World War Two FBI file" on Amelia Earhart. The full two-page document referenced a detailed interview between an FBI agent and a former POW who had survived the infamous Bataan Death March, and then narrowly escaped after his Japanese military POW transport ship was struck and came apart off the coast of the Philippines. The soldier described how just before the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack while he was stationed in the Philippines, he had gleaned information from Japanese personnel there, "to the effect" that Amelia Earhart had survived her 1937 world flight ending and was transported to Tokyo where she was being held at a hotel. The file was released well after the FOIA went into effect. The particular excerpt above refers to when the soldier was a POW and part-time worked as a typist for a Japanese intelligence officer, who the soldier mentioned was "taken back" when he asked the officer about Amelia Earhart ([sic] "Earhardt") prompting the Japanese intelligence officer to reply that he could not say anything beyond, "Don't worry about her well being, she is perfectly all right." Both the soldier's name and the FBI agent's name were blacked out by the FBI throughout the document before it was released via the FOIA. [Note: Several documents in the complete fifty-nine page file referenced information pointing to the continued survivals of both Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, and descriptions pertaining to where their plane likely ended up.]

The Truth...
"After the controversy about her first became a national news story in 1970, forty years later the debate over who the woman known as 'Irene Bolam' really was continued. While official history sidestepped dealing with the the issue head-on, to those who tracked it into the new millennium the truth became known where three different women had been attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity, and Amelia Earhart somehow survived her storied disappearance and the World War Two years--to end up as one of them. While different viewpoint maintaining, 'Earhart mystery solving theorists' have a hard time accepting this recently achieved forensic reality, it is in the process of being embraced by a growing number of U.S. history scholars and other individuals familiar with Amelia Earhart's aviation career and full life story. It is only a matter of time before the general public catches up to it, just as it did when Charles Lindbergh's past double-life, 'Careu Kent' false-identity truth was confirmed in 2005, thirty-years after he died."
Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, 2018
The Truth...
From 1996 to 2017, Protecting Earhart's Comprehensive Forensic Achievements proved how Amelia Earhart's "Missing Person" case was actually solved back in the 1960s, although the mystery of Where She Really Was(?) and What She Was Really Doing(?) during the eight years she was gone [1937-1945] before she resurfaced with a new name and a different career in United States, still remains. No matter; due to the way the overall 'mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance' has long been promoted, the public has been denied knowing the truth of what became of her. 

Protecting Earhart posted this website for the purpose of delivering historical enlightenment to those who sincerely wish to know what became of Amelia Earhart after July 2, 1937, and why an 'official silence' credo in Washington and Tokyo about her actual world flight ending has prevailed since the World War Two era.

The way it grew to be.....
The Mystery of Amelia Earhart; The Mystery of Santa Claus
[Neither mystery ever existed in the ways they were purported to exist.]

The 'Mystery of Amelia Earhart'


The 'Mystery of Santa Claus'

On The Outdated Amelia Earhart Mystery...
"During the past two decades the forensic truth concerning what happened to Amelia Earhart after she was said to have 'disappeared without a trace' in 1937, became obvious. The reason the truth still isn't being promoted started after Amelia went missing, when our national history stewards began evolving to regard Amelia's loss in a Santa Claus way, promoting the circumstances of her world flight ending as 'a mystery' only. Eventually, just as the mysterious legend of Santa Claus became so popular, so-too did the Earhart Mystery's popularity in American culture grow, to a point that enabled U.S. historians and the its national press circuit the convenience of 'playing-up' the mystery--instead of seriously addressing, acknowledging, and presenting the truth." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, 2017

Note: When the National Geographic Society was made privy to Protecting Earhart's new millennium discoveries, it chose not to promote them. Instead, it continued to obfuscate the reality of Irene Bolam's existence to the public in favor of leaving the long-ago Amelia Earhart mystery invention in a status-quo state. 

The Twenty-Year Journey of Protecting Earhart
From the mid-1990s on, Protecting Earhart analyzed and expanded on the previous investigative research of Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Vincent Loomis, Randall Brink, Donald Moyer Wilson, and Rollin Reineck. Each devoted decades to unconvering the non-conveyed realities of Amelia Earhart's last flight, with their individual efforts resulting in the following published works:

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
A Best Seller; concluded Amelia went down in the Marshall Islands and ended up in Japan's custody.
1970 Joe Klaas book re: Joe Gervais' investigation
A best seller, concluded Amelia survived WWII in Japan's custody and later assumed a new identity

Don Wilson's 1993 book, Amelia Earhart Lost Legend
Cited numerous Marshall Islands accounts re: Amelia's survival under Japan's stewardship

By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
The first book to promote the new millennium work of Protecting Earhart

Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
Proved a White House cover-up; concluded Amelia ended up in the Marshalls and continued to survive

The Vincent Loomis account... 1985
Also concluded Amelia ended up going down in the Marshall Islands

"I began looking into the Irene Bolam versus Amelia Earhart case in the mid-1990s, and continued to work diligently on it ever since my first comparison results came in. I never have and never will claim to have solved the so-called 'mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance.' What I do promote as a result of my long term forensic analysis, that featured a thorough, comprehensive evaluation of the full life story of a specific human being, is to have help solved the missing person case of Amelia Earhart. I did so by showing how Amelia's post-loss 'body evidence' was first publicly put on display on a national level in 1970, by way of a photograph that appeared in a book published by McGraw-Hill, a highly reputable New York-based publishing company. Along with its subdivisions, McGraw-Hill distinguished itself as the largest high school and college text book distributor in the United States back then. And no-matter how the shock of the photo's inclusion in the book was originally dismissed in 1970, and though the former Amelia Earhart herself fought hard to keep her  private-life of anonymity in-tact until she died in 1982, (for her own good reasons, no doubt) in a supremely clear way, my study's accumulated efforts revealed how Amelia Earhart truly did survive to become one of three women attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity in the Twentieth Century. I labeled the former Amelia Earhart in my Protecting Earhart forensic analysis, the 'Gervais-Irene,' after retired U.S. Air Force Major, Joe Gervais, who in 1965, took the 35MM photo of Irene Bolam that appeared in said 1970 McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives. [See images below.] While the book itself contained much questionable content, the photo of Mrs. Bolam and her husband that it displayed still stands alone. Today, regardless of the stodgy dispositions maintained by the National Geographic Society and the Smithsonian Institution, or the ongoing silence from the U.S. government and Japan, and no matter how the results of my work have been repeatedly vilified over the years by almost every Amelia Earhart cottage industry and enthusiast out there, Protecting Earhart's monumental effort devoted to getting to the bottom of the Irene Bolam matter speaks for itself.

In 1996, upon meeting him, my fascination with Major Joe Gervais' incredible collection of Amelia Earhart historical research along with his ongoing insistence that the woman he met and photographed in 1965 used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' initially inspired me. At that same time, I was utterly amazed when I learned a forensic analysis of the late Irene Bolam's life history had never been done, nor had she ever been forensically compared to Amelia Earhart. The ten-years-old by now, website that I have purposefully left up on its outdated platform with its over-saturated content, merely highlights what was endured throughout the tireless efforts--that ended up resolving Amelia Earhart's missing person case in what is now an easy-to-recognize manner. People who reject the results of the comparison examples presented here, are simply not believing their own eyes.

Today, where any mystery about Amelia Earhart still exists it is in the form of where she actually was and what she was actually doing after July 2, 1937, until she resurfaced in the United States with her new identity following the war years. Different ideas have been expressed there, but the truth has yet to be learned, and it is most likely the case the former Amelia Earhart took much of it to her grave.

The bottom line, however, is this: The photograph of Irene Bolam featured in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives in 1970, definitely did display Amelia Earhart's survived body in 1965, going by a different name. There's absolutely no doubt about that anymore."

Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, 2017  

In the new millennium, Protecting Earhart's landmark forensic analysis pertaining to the decades-old, Amelia Earhart, Irene Bolam controversy advanced it to a profound, easy to identify level.
In the above context, the word 'landmark' refers to: "An event, discovery, or change marking an important stage or turning point in something."



Based on the research findings of Joe Gervais...
'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe klaas. Published by McGraw-Hill, November 1970

The Gervais-Irene and Guy Bolam
As seen in the 1970 book, 'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe Klaas

The Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Amelia Earhart'
Photograph taken by Joe Gervais the day he met her, August 8, 1965

The idea of Amelia's continued survival after she was said to have 'vanished without a trace' in 1937, had always been hard to believe and was long shouted-down. Protecting Earhart's new-millennium, comprehensive forensic analysis speaks for itself. From the multitude of physical and character trait comparison samples displayed in Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis, here is the first one the study produced that ultimately inspired its continuation. The middle superimposed image initially appeared in Tod Swindell's 1999 MSS, A Simple Misunderstanding: Redefining Earhart For The New Century, that is currently on loan to the new, 'Chasing Earhart' group.

The Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
Amelia Earhart, 1933


The Landmark Positive ID Placement Made By Irene Bolam's Son:

BELOW is the 2014 written exchange between Clarence (Larry) Heller, the historically described, "1934 born son of Irene Bolam," and Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell, who had requested Mr. Heller to positively identify his mother's image in writing, just as he did to him personally in 2006, the year the two twice met face-to-face. The woman Mr. Heller positively identified as his "mother" was not the same woman whose image appeared in the 1970 McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives, even though according to history she should have been. [Note: The "Irene Bolam" whose photo appeared in Amelia Earhart Lives is identified in Protecting Earhart's study as the "Gervais-Irene."]


Tod Swindell: Thursday, February 20, 2014
Subject: Verification


Hi Larry,

I want you to know that I am in full agreement with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to the correct presentation of the facts.  

My conveyance is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.




Larry Heller: Friday, February 21, 2014
Subject: Re: Verification

The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller   Proof is available.



Larry Heller was clearly correct: The woman displayed above, who in 2014 he positively identified in writing to have been his "mother" was never known as, "Amelia Earhart."
The woman displayed directly below, however, who also used his mother's identity from the mid-1940s until she died in 1982, definitely did used to be known as, "Amelia Earhart." 

The Gervais-Irene in Japan in 1963
FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

The Gervais-Irene, 1940s
FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

1965 Joe Gervais photo of Irene Craigmile [Bolam]

Match; younger and older Gervais-Irene
The left two photos superimposed

Below: The "Non Gervais-Irene" who Larry Heller identified as his 'mother.'

Non Gervais-Irene, 1940s
The original Irene's son, Larry Heller identified this woman as his 'mother'

Non Gervais-Irene, 1982
Photo supplied by Larry Heller

Match; younger & older versions.
The two left photos superimposed.

Eye Comparison Samples Viewed From Left To Right
Both sets of eyes must align to achieve a forensic match

Amelia's Eyes

The Gervais-Irene's Eyes

Sample: Overlay Match
Amelia & the Gervais-Irene

Younger Non Gervais-Irene's Eyes

Older Non Gervais-Irene's Eyes

Sample: Match
Younger and Older Non Gervais-Irene's Eyes Combined

Gervais-Irene's Eyes

Both eyes do not align; No Match
Gervais-Irene and Non Gervais-Irene superimposed

Both eyes do not align; No Match
Gervais-Irene and Non Gervais-Irene superimposed

Truth Be Known...

Webster’s: truth plural truths play \ˈtrüt͟hz, ˈtrüths\ 1a (1) :the body of real things, events, and facts: actuality (2) :the state of being the case: fact (3) often capitalized :a transcendent fundamental or spiritual reality b :a judgment, proposition, or idea that is true or accepted as true c :the body of true statements and propositions

The truth about what became of Amelia Earhart after she went missing in 1937 was first learned and conveyed by World War Two veteran heroes from the 1950s to the 1970s. It just wasn't acknowledged to the public then, and Amelia's post-loss continued survival didn't become an observable forensic reality until Protecting Earhart's forensic comparison analysis enebled it decades later.
Opinions about Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight ending have been swayed in different directions over many years time by a variety of conflicting theories and theorists. Rest assured knowing, the controversial 'Amelia Earhart' information discovered and presented in the new millennium by Protecting Earhart is very real. 

Plate from a 1987 Marshall Islands stamp series
Earhart's Electra shown ending-up in the Marshall Islands

Above: In 2002, Alfred Capelle, the Marshall Islands Amabassador to the United Nations told Associated Press reporter, Ron Staton, "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937," and that her arrival there when the Marshalls were under the governing authority of Japan had always been viewed as "common knowledge" among his country's people since the World War Two era. In their later years, USN Admiral Chester Nimitz and USN Admiral Richard Blackburn Black both admitted how during the war the classified knowledge of Amelia Earhart having been 'picked-up in the Marshall Islands and detained by Japan' had been "known and documented in Washington" [Nimitz] and "passed through high-level military channels." [Black]
It's interesting to note how a few rumors emanting from U.S. military sources arose during the war describing different ways Amelia met her demise while in Japan's custody. 'She died of dysentery' or 'she was executed by a Japanese firing squad' or 'she died in a Japanese Betty Bomber plane crash during her end of war liberation' were significantly featured among them.
"The truth remains: No hard evidence ever existed supporting the suggestion of Amelia Earhart having died while in Japan's custody, or in any other way subsequent to her disappearance. But a woman whose face print, full body and character traits that clearly aligned with Amelia's, who in the mid-1940s virtually appeared from out of nowhere to work in the banking industry on Long Island, New York, she died in 1982, and anymore it is certain said 'woman' used to be known as Amelia Earhart." Tod Swindell

China [1937 flag version]
The United States of America

"Given the inordinate circumstances of the July of 1937 time period that left Japan, China, and the United States all precariously involved with each other, Japan would not have been so reckless as to endorse or allow the death of Amelia Earhart in any way after it picked her up in the Marshall Islands. Japan's own Harvard educated, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto had basically been put in charge of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands the year before. He and his fellow countrymen knew well who Amelia Earhart was, and understanding the gravity of the situation as Japan's communication lines with the U.S. broke down, Yamamoto was certain to make sure Amelia remained safe." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell
"It is myopic to automatically accept the ideas of Japan having executed Amelia Earhart or allowing her to die from medical neglect. Japan itself has never owned either scenario, and the United States has never accused it of either scenario. The war-time U.S. military generated rumors that described different ways Amelia's death occurred while she was being detained by Japan, came into existence to facilitate internal closure to the classified knowledge of Amelia's ongoing survival. The plain truth is, Amelia never died. She continued to exist during and after the war, arriving at a place along the way where she no longer wanted to be a public person. As her post-war therapist, Monsignor James Francis Kelley described it to reporter, Dean Magley in 1987, ""After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."" How could anyone blame or question her for growing to feel the way she did by the end of the war?" Tod Swindell

Monsignor Kelley & Irene, 1980
The former Seton Hall College president revealed the truth about her past

"People tried to call Monsignor Kelley 'crazy' for describing what he did about his long-time good friend, Irene. He wasn't crazy. The former Seton Hall College president held doctorates in psychology and philosophy and provided 'healing emotional therapy' for the former Amelia Earhart following the war years after her return to the United States. He and Irene remained life-long friends after that. While the famous monsignor may have experienced some later-life dimentia before he died at the age of 94 in 1996, Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic analysis proved how from the 1970s on, to select individuals and a few Amelia Earhart historians, he told the truth about his friend, Irene having been known in the past as,  'Amelia Earhart.'" Tod Swindell


The Protecting Earhart Story In Brief

By Tod Swindell

C. 1997-2017 Protecting Earhart/

[For the longer, "My Journey" version see the About Protecting Earhart link] 


[Supported by half-century's worth of accumulated historical research on Amelia Earhart's disappearance, and noting how the long-ago assertion of Amelia continuing to live-on after she went missing was never disproved, Protecting Earhart's organic website, Irene-Amelia.Com has been viewable on-line via service provider, Web.Com since 2007.]

Seventy years prior to 2007, after not locating Howland Island and with no mention of her plane having any mechanical trouble, according to record Amelia Earhart stopped transmitting messages after her ambiguous 'last words' of "We are running north and south" were received. With the public not knowing the final direction she ended up steering her plane, the 'mystery' of what happened to Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan inauspiciously began at that point. Since then, over the years the long and complex entanglement of what actually happened to the two fliers slowly took form in tandem with people's growing curiosity--that evolved into a worldwide obsession.
In the interim, by the late 1960s, especially after CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner's groundbreaking expose' about Amelia Earhart's last flight, The Search For Amelia Earhart was published in 1966, people were at last accepting the long suspected reality of Earhart and Noonan getting lost in the shuffle of the pre-World War Two era after their emergency ditching took place in the Marshall Islands. Many eyewitnesses were still living then, with the vast majority of them offering how ever since the event occurred there existed a 'common awareness' among Marshallese people that Amelia and Fred Noonan ended up there [an 'awareness' that still exists throughout the Marshalls and its surrounding Pacific Islands region today] but they feared Japan's oppressive military rule during that time period, and remained 'uncertain' of what became of the flying duo after the Nipponese Imperial Navy rescued and subsequently detained them.
[Note: Amelia's flight log featuring her final radio messages was withheld by the White House for over a year before it reluctantly agreed to release it--after being pressured to do so. Early on, several investigators determined the White House version was adjusted to suit public consumption before it was released. Their deduction was solidified after Fred Goerner's discovery of a U.S. 0-2 Intelligence file dated 'November 1938' that referenced Amelia having transmitted her final decision to maintain a 'northern heading,' and her continuing to, 'transmit at intervals as her signals gradually weakened' after doing so, contradicting the version released by the White House.]
Goerner's investigation included cooperation from former U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet Admiral, Chester Nimitz, who in 1965 admitted it was "true" and "documented in Washington DC" that Earhart and Noonan "went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." Goerner's additional detailed and indexed research was so impressive that it paved the way for The Search for Amelia Earhart to occupy the top spot on the New York Times best seller list for several weeks.
In his book's final summation, with various accounts relayed to Goerner that described Amelia's fate after she ended up in Japan's custody, the CBS Radio reporter did his best to answer the question of how Amelia likely died. His investigation showed Amelia was transferred to a Nippon military hub on Saipan after she was rescued in the Marshalls. Once there, according to different accounts relayed to Goerner, she ended up sequestered at a facility known as the 'Kobayashi Royokan,' a former hotel on Saipan taken over by Japan's military. After that, via additional information Goerner gleaned from local sources, he learned how Amelia had come down with a harmful, mysterious illness, and deduced she had likely been stricken with severe dysentery. Goerner wrapped up his landmark book by suggesting Amelia may have died from the affliction. Locals had described to Goerner how Amelia, 'no longer lived' at the Kobayashi Royokan following her bout with the illness. Yet the basic truth was, she had merely gone missing again.
Later, some varying accounts that Amelia may have been executed for spying on Japan's installations also came into existence. In the early 1940s, even a few U.S. Navy officials were subscribing to this idea. In 1942 the U.S. Navy itself planned to make a 'WWII propaganda' movie about it, although the idea was scrapped. However to Goerner, Admiral Nimitz would not verify that Amelia Earhart's execution had actually occurred. Especially after measuring an OSS rumor [Office of Strategic Services, the CIA's predecessor] that seemed to promote yet another offering of Amelia having 'died in a plane crash' during her post-VJ Day liberation process.
Adding the above to the words of Admiral Nimitz' fellow top-brass Navy friend, retired USN Commander, John Pillsbury, who mentioned to Fred Goerner that by his 'digging for the truth' on what really happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan, he was on to something that would "stagger his imagination," one could only wonder about all of what Amelia's world flight ending ultimately amounted to.
It came to be the case, where as solid as the information was conveying how Earhart and Noonan ended-up in Japan's custody after flying off course, determining exactly what happened to the duo afterward hit one rumor-mill detour after another, thus creating the persistent, long-lasting guessing game that characterized the so-called 'mystery' Amelia Earhart's disappearance story became. 
The TIGHAR and Nauticos Fallacies
In lieu of all of the above information, most assuredly, by the mid-1980s an overt campaign to debunk the otherwise extensive Marshall Islands research findings had commenced with the formation of TIGHAR, a group led by one well-funded Richard Gillespie that came to exist just prior to Elgen Long's other new privately funded group, 'Nauticos' did. Since then, both individuals worked tirelessly at persuading the public to believe the information researched and presented by Briand, Goerner, Gervais, Brink, Loomis and several other previous investigators, was worthless. They did so so by claiming their own differing suggested endings of Amelia's last flight were correct, with Mr. Gillespie fervently insisting Amelia and Fred Noonan died on a remote deserted Pacific atoll, while Mr. Long concluded they simply crashed and sank near their intended destination of Howland Island.
TIGHAR and Nauticos are still going strong today, accompanied by quiet nods from the U.S. justice department with its long-maintained 'official silence' stance toward Amelia's loss all-but welcoming their high profile invented diversions. More detailed, Richard Gillespie offered how when they missed Howland, as Amelia and Fred Noonan continued to fly-on, with no previous mention to anyone they elected to blindly steer hundreds of miles below the equator into the desert ocean--where they went down on the uninhabited 'Gardner Island' [now known as 'Nikumaroro'] and perished as castaways. A remarkable Pied Piper like individual, Mr. Gillespie managed to lead masses of curious individuals to his far-fetched ocean, where of course, after many of them drained their pockets to help fund his expedition efforts, they metaphorically drowned in its false-hope waters. It appears few of them paid attention to the fact that the Smithsonian Institution never deemed any of Mr. Gillespie's claims or his recovered items from the once inhabited Nikumaroro, as linked to Amelia's 1937 disappearance. [The Smithsonian has, however, cautiously afforded credence to the Marshall Islands ending of Amelia's flight.] Even so, TIGHAR sports a nice looking Internet site that over time, along with Richard Gillespie's dogmatic posturing, managed to ensconce him as 'the media darling' of the Earhart mystery world.
Elgen Long promoted the U.S. government's preferred viewpoint for the public to adhere to ever since the event of Amelia's so-called 'disappearance' took place. Mr. Long offered how after failing to locate Howland, Amelia and Fred Noonan ultimately crashed and sank fathoms deep into the Pacific within a two hundred mile radius of it. Dismissed in Mr. Long's determination, was how according to the Lockheed experts who built Amelia's plane it still had enough fuel on board for at least four-to-six hours of additional flying time in the event she and Noonan missed Howland Island. Furthermore, both Mr. Long and Mr. Gillespie discounted Amelia's mention of her 'Plan B' to reserve enough fuel to head back to the British Gilbert Islands chain should such a thing as their missing Howland Island occurr. [The Marshall Islands, part of the Gilbert's same archipelago, are situated just north of the Gilberts.]
Contrary to the ideas issued by Gillespie and Long, the credibly substantiated, albeit, previously arcane information Protecting Earhart displays that was initially discovered and revealed on a national level by the earlier investigators listed above, has never been disproved or over-challenged. Just the same, by now people have heard so many different things about Amelia's disappearance due to the newer, differing claims made by Gillespie, Long, and a variety of other latecomer theorists, that coupled with the deflecting "official silence" long maintained by the United States and Japan toward the 1937 Earhart-loss matter, that enabled both countries to ever avoid seriously addressing Amelia's old 'missing person' case in a public way, a segue into obfuscation occurred that left today's general population no longer familiar with the true-gist of the controversy.
Recognizing the Amelia Earhart world flight story's long-term maturation process and what the learned details of her disappearance ultimately amounted to, Protecting Earhart revived the true controversy that pertained to Amelia's loss and returned it to the profound level it originally came to rest at in the 1960s and 1970s. The 286 page MSS Protecting Earhart was first registered and filed at the WGAw in 2004, and was renewed in five year increments until being fully copyrighted in 2014.
As well, anymore, answering the long-asked question of whether or not Amelia Earhart continued to exist for decades after she was picked up by Japan in 1937 is easily done with three words: Absolutely, she did. The public was just never supposed to know about it. Conceptually, though, her choosing to live out her life as a non-famous person after World War Two should not be so hard to understand or accept. As the Gervais-Irene, she had shared her post-war 'Irene' identity with two other women to obscure who she used to be. Why? Perhaps her later-life friend and confidant, Monsignor James Francis Kelley's 1987 quote explained it best: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." [Note: "All she'd been through" referred to what Amelia endured from mid-1937 to mid-1945, the time period she was gone from view.]
Far be it from anyone to blame Amelia Earhart for feeling the way she did after the tumultuous war years, that left her preferring to live out the rest of her life in a non-public way. Today, however, thirty-five years after the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' died in 1982, when the learned truth so obviously stares back at the curious public, it should no longer be ignored.


Protecting Earhart's new-millennium investigation lifted the 'official silence' veil from the truth about Amelia Earhart by forensically edifying the common conclusion of select previous investigators--who attested Amelia survived World War Two, changed her name in pursuit of future privacy, and lived that way until she died in 1982. This truth is now obvious, and is destined to be embraced in the near future by U.S. historians, just as Charles Lindburgh's long-rumored 'European alias' finally was in 2004.

"After World War Two ended, the United States took Japan's government and its Emperor, Hirohito under its wing. U.S. General Douglas MacArthur all-but served as Japan's 'President' while he resided in Japan the next four years working closely with the Emperor. There is virtually no-doubt an agreement between the two countries was made early-on during MacArthur's tenure there, that left the war-era matter of Amelia Earhart never to be discussed, revisited, or addressed in a public way by the governments of either country. Thus was born the ""official silence in Washington and Tokyo"" credo about Amelia Earhart that has remained ever since, as cited by Selig Altschull and Marylin Bender in their 1982 landmark book, The Chosen Instrument." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell

As Decades Passed
As decades passed following the World War Two era, much information was discovered that pertained to Amelia Earhart's unanticipated world-flight ending. To reach its inarguable forensic conclusion, as prefaced, Protecting Earhart's long-term investigation on what happened to Amelia included a close examination of the work of several previous investigators who determined Amelia continued to 'live-on' amid complex war-time circumstances. From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books attested to this non-publicized reality, with each including how Amelia outlived the war and opted for a new identity for the sake of her future privacy. The two most recent ones published in the new millennium, 2004's Amelia Earhart Survived and 2016's Amelia Earhart Beyond The Grave were driven by the gained knowledge of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis results. The following 1993 book, Lost Star set the stage for the revival of this previous misjudged reality:

Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
Proved the U.S. government withheld crucial information concerning Amelia's disappearance

Above: Randall Brink's investigative classic, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton 1993. A recognized 'War In The Pacific' historian, from 1980 on Mr. Brink extensively investigated the 'Mili Atoll ditching' outcome concerning Amelia's last flight that had not been conveyed to the American public. Connie Chung profiled Lost Star's revealing content when she anchored the CBS Evening News. Randall Brink detailed and expounded on the non-publicized reality of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ditching at Mili in the Marshall Islands where they were picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. It also substantiated the suggestion of Amelia having quietly survived World War Two in Japan's care, and resurfaced the previously dismissed 1970s postulation of Amelia continuing to live beyond the war in anonymity by choice. Mr. Brink was among selected invitees to Mrs. Irene Bolam's lavish memorial dinner that took place in October of 1982, four months after she died. Decades later, Protecting Earhart discovered how three women had been attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity, and one of them definitely had been, previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
The photographic and character traits data that made Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis possible had been withheld for years by the Amelia Earhart Society [the 'AES'] located in Broomfield, Colorado. Founded in the 1980s by the now-late William Prymak, a significant part of Mr. Prymak's AES objective was to whitewash the never resolved controversy about Mrs. Irene Bolam. When the AES disbanded in the new millennium, Protecting Earhart managed to obtain the data needed to conduct its revealing forensic analysis.
Below, meet Protecting Earhart's "Gervais-Irene Bolam" FKA "Amelia Earhart"

Cocoa Beach, NASA, 1965
Her former AE self superimposed

Japan, 1963
Her former 'AE' self superimposed

The Lead-In And Follow-Up Outcropping Of The
1970 McGraw-Hill Book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas
How are missing person cases solved? By finding the missing person, by finding the body of the missing person, or by finding body evidence that is later verified to have belonged to the missing person.
In 1970, by way of a nationally published book issued by McGraw-Hill that made the New York Times best seller list, USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (Ret.), who shared the copyright on said book, Amelia Earhart Lives, included a photograph in it he had taken that he believed displayed the body of Amelia Earhart alive and well in 1965, all-be-her reidentified as, "Mrs. Irene Bolam."
For the previous ten-years, beginning in 1960, Major Gervais had been closely examining the history of Amelia Earhart's so-called, "disappearance." In 1965, after meeting and photographing Mrs. Bolam at a gathering of highly respected pilots from the past where he had been asked to lecture on his research of Amelia's disappearance by a past friend of Amelia's, after strongly sensing he recognized who she used to be, Major Gervais devoted much additional attention the next five years to examing Mrs. Bolam's personal background, the results of which led him to determine she could only have been the woman formerly known as, Amelia Earhart.
On the page where her photo appeared in the book, Joe Klaas described Mrs. Bolam as, "Mystery woman, Irene Bolam."
Soon after the book was published, Mrs. Bolam held a news conference at the Time-Life building in New York City. Standing alone and unaccompanied, she defiantly told the press, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart." Her denial was spoken in the present tense, so really, she had told the truth. Her name had been "Irene" for almost three decades by then.
Within her prepared, short written statement that she read aloud to the room crowded with reporters and cameras on that November of 1970 day, she also admonished the book as, "a fantastic pack of lies."
After she read her statement, she then left the room without taking any questions. 
Everyone believed her denial, except for Major Gervais. 
McGraw-Hill immediately withdrew the book, Amelia Earhart Lives from all stores nationwide. (By then however, 40,000 copies had already made it into circulation, and it has since been republished.)
Mrs. Bolam sued McGraw-Hill, Major Gervais and Joe Klaas for libel and defamation after the book came out, although not for implicating her as the former Amelia Earhart.
One of the libelous statements in the book Mrs. Bolam cited was the way Joe Klaas described her late husband, Guy Bolam of England, who had died earlier in 1970, as her "alleged husband." So much implied she may not have been legally married to Mr. Bolam. Mrs. Bolam produced her 1958 issued marriage license to disprove the allegation that she had lived out of wedlock with Guy Bolam. There were a few other 'deemed libelous by Mrs. Bolam' inclusions in the book she also cited.
In the end McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay Mrs. Bolam a high five-figures sum to settle her suit against the publisher. Except her 'summary judgment' lawsuit against Major Gervais and Joe Klaas ended up lasting five years before it was settled with ten-dollar considerations paid to each side. Mrs. Bolam had sued them for an additional amount in excess of one million dollars, but she ultimately refused to submit her fingerprints as proof-positive of her identity. By then the general public had pretty much forgotten all about the withdrawn book, Amelia Earhart Lives, that had implicated Mrs. Bolam to have been the survived Amelia Earhart living with a new identity.
In one of my early conversations with Major Gervais in 1997, he described how Mrs. Bolam "handled the press like a pro" and she "demonstrated the means to hire the best legal representation." 
In 1978, a few years after the summary judgment ended, Major Gervais appeared in an episode of Leonard Nimoy's "In Search Of" TV series. Within it, edifying his ongoing certainty, he boldly declared Amelia Earhart was 'alive and well, reidentified as Irene Bolam living in New Jersey.' Mrs. Bolam sued him again, this time for invasion of privacy. She won and was awarded the ten-thousand dollar fee Major Gervais was paid to appear on the show.
Major Gervais remained unphased. To his dying day in 2005, he continued to insist the 'Irene Bolam' who he met and photographed in 1965 used to be known as Amelia Earhart. Upon entering the new millennium, after embarking on my Protecting Earhart forensic analysis, it was 2006, a year after Major Gervais died that Mrs. Bolam's son, Larry Heller first identified to me an entirely different woman to have been his mother than the one whose photograph appeared in Amelia Earhart Lives, adding to the validation of my own realization, that Major Gervais had been correct all along. He really did find Amelia's body in 1965. The problem was, no one was ever supposed to know about it, and the former Amelia Earhart herself remained in alignment with the reality of such a credo to her dying day.   Tod Swindell        

Note: In 1985, during an on-camera interview with original seven astronaut, Wally Schirra, the former astronaut confirmed to reporter, Dean Magley of Illinois that he had 'met the woman who used to be known as Amelia Earhart at NASA in the 1970s.' When Dean Magley asked Wally Schirra how he knew such a thing about the woman he met, Schirra answered "reliable people" had confided in him about it.

Amelia, age 31, from her book, 'The Fun Of It'


In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...

"I can offer in evidence two people whom you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais. [See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial language use, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly stated the two people she referenced knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. The 'two people' were Amelia's 1930s' pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after the World War Two era. Note as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Below: Two handwriting comparison samples from Protecting Earhart's document examination portion of its forensic analysis. The cursive letter words came from separate handwriting samples of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's that were compared and evaluated.   

Gervais-Irene from a 1967 letter to Joe Gervais
Protecting Earhart's study added Amelia's "Amelia M. Earhart" high school signature

Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart

Above: Examples from well over a hundred physical and character trait comparisons that are part of Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic analysis.
Below: Beyond the physical and character trait congruences, another key, controversial discovery made within Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis was the realization of three different women having been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity, with the third 'Irene' shown on the far right appearing nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s:

The original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
A past acquaintance of Amelia's, shown with her husband Charles and her father, Joe.
The 'second' Irene Craigmile, early 1940s.
The 1934 born son of the original Irene recalled this woman as his childhood mother.
The third Irene Craigmile FKA 'Earhart' in 1946
Became 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' after her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England

The forensic analysis proved how only the Irene Craigmile shown above in 1946 on the far right, who was identified nowhere as Irene prior to the mid-1940s, forensically matched Amelia Earhart. The 1934 born son of the original Irene stated he held no photos of his mother from his childhood. The above middle photo of the woman he recognized as his 'childhood mother' had been withheld from public view by the Amelia Earhart Society until after it disbanded in the new millennium. The original Irene Craigmile shown on the far left between her first husband and father no longer appeared extant by the end of World War Two. [The original Irene's first husband, Charles Craigmile died in 1931. Further down is a brief biographical portrait of the original Irene Craigmile who Amelia had been acquainted with in the 1930s.] For separation simplicity, Protecting Earhart's study labeled the three different Irenes who used the same identity as 1.) The Original Irene [above far left]  2.) The Non Gervais-Irene [above middle] and 3.) The Gervais-Irene [above far right.]
Note: The "Gervais" label denotes USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (1924-2005) who met, photographed, and conversed with the above far-right displayed 'Irene' at a gathering of prominent retired pilots in New York in 1965. On the day they met she was accompanied by her English husband, Guy Bolam, and she introduced herself as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' to him. Major Gervais noticed an eerie resemblance Mrs. Bolam had to Amelia Earhart, and an air of prominence she carried that featured a high level of respect shown to her by the other attendees. When they met, Major Gervais had been investigating Amelia's disappearance for a number of years, and he had been invited to New York--all expenses paid--to lecture to the senior aviators' group about his investigation findings by Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, a 'good friend' of Mrs. Bolam's. After sensing it right away, then carefully evaluating her ambiguous past for the next five years, Major Gervais spent the remainder of his days to his death in 2005 avowing she had previously been known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
Without ANY serious follow-up investigation made by ANY entity or person to determine the veracity of Major Gervais' assertion about the Mrs. Bolam he met, conversed with, and photographed, the public was instead led to believe it was all a hoax, due in large part to the 1970 McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. The book over-embellished what Major Gervais determined by way of introducing a variety of odd suppositions within its attempt to describe how Amelia ended up the way she did. The woman in question, the 'Gervais-Irene' [Mrs. Bolam] sued McGraw-Hill, Joe Klaas and Joe Gervais for libelous statements found within the book's sordid embellishments, yet NOT for implicating her as 'the former Amelia Earhart.'
After five years worth of summary judgment proceedings, McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay Mrs. Bolam a high five-figures sum for publishing a book containing slanderous statements about her. She had sued Klaas and Gervais for an additional sum in excess of one-million dollars, but after rejecting Major Gervais' request that she submit her fingerprints to prove who she was (or wasn't), her refusal left both sides settling their portion of the case with ten-dollar considerations paid to each other in January of 1976. This was the true end-result of Mrs. Bolam's lawsuit. [Note: Mrs. Bolam's attorney during the summary judgment proceedings had been Benedict Ginsberg, who had previously been part of U.S. Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy's legal team during the Jimmy Hoffa trials.]
Today, reality shows how any serious official investigation, if one had been conducted back then, would have blown the lid off the truth and proved Major Gervais correct within the public arena. [Note: To date there has never been an official investigation that looked into the disappearance of, or the missing person case of Amelia Earhart.]

Anymore, An Obvious Reality...  
Mid-Late 1940s, Enter The 'New' Irene Craigmile
After the 'new' Irene Craigmile emerged in the United States following the World War Two years, twenty more years would pass before anyone would suspect her as the former Amelia Earhart. By then she was 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' as a result of her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England. As the debate about her enigmatic persona and odd air of importance continued to grow in the 1970s and 1980s, even some of her family and friends began to struggle with the question of her true identity. It wasn't until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place that the person she used to be finally became self-evident:


Once again... "All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."

Arthur Schopenhauer


As seen in Protecting Earhart's forensic study...
...the Gervais-Irene far left, Amelia from the Loomis book far right, the two superimposed, center

Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No, I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
"...all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Peter Bussati, about his good friend, the Gervais-Irene.

What History Itself Recalls...

The Vincent Loomis account...
Published by Randam House in 1985

Above: Vincent Loomis and his co-author, Jeffrey Ethell published the well researched & detailed book, Amelia Earhart: The Final Story in 1985. It was the first book to feature significant back-up proof to complement the previous work of previous renowned investigators Paul Briand, Fred Goerner, and Joe Gervais. Mr. Loomis solidified the conclusion of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan going down at Mili Atoll where they were picked up by Japan and transported to Jaluit by way of its sea tender, the Koshu. Japan verified the Koshu had been ordered to head for the Marshalls to search for Earhart and Noonan the day they were reported missing, July 2. [Note: Japan refused to allow the United States to search the Marshalls. After agreeing to conduct its own search there, no results were ever forwarded to the United States from its government.] Mr. Loomis located Imperial Navy records indicating the Koshu first arrived at Jaluit on July 9, 1937. A Marshallese medical intern who worked at a Japanese run facility on Jaluit, Bilimon Amaron, described how he was summoned at that time by a Japanese officer to tend to Noonan's 'knee and head wounds.' While doing so aboard the Koshu, Amaron saw Amelia nearby among some Japanese naval officers, and he noticed her plane hoisted in a sling at the ship's stern. He also described Fred Noonan saying something to him as he dressed his knee wound, but Biliman spoke no english back then. [He did speak Japanese and overheard side conversations Japanese officers had about the duo being picked up near Mili.] The Koshu then returned to Mili to reclaim the flying team's coral reef crash site, and it circled back to Jaluit where it again arrived on July 13. [Note: After World War Two, other eyewitness and various accounts from the Marshall Islands and its surrounding Pacific Islands region surfaced as well.]

Along with the large amount of telling information his book presented, Vincent Loomis also learned how three days after Amelia was reported missing, Japan's Ambassador to the United States, Hiroshi Saito dispatched a 'coded' "Most Urgent" message to Japan's Foreign Minister, Koki Hirota on July 5, to convey the U.S. had accepted Japan's offer to search the Marshalls for Earhart and Noonan. Except on July 7, the same day Japan declared war on China, after the U.S. announced its additional massive U.S. Navy search effort had commenced in the same Pacific region, Hirota grew concerned. It was clear Japan did not want any U.S. ships or planes surveying its Imperial Mandates that the Marshalls were a significant part of, so Hirota swiftly cabled Japan's Consul-General Fukuma in Honolulu to request he visit the U.S. Naval Command there--to get assurance that no Japanese territories were to be approached by the U.S. during its search effort for Earhart and Noonan. Although the U.S. suspected Amelia may well have ended up in the Marshalls, assurance was given to Fukuma that it would stay clear of its mandates.
The Tokyo Rescue Leak
Vincent Loomis also discovered a 'news leak' about Earhart's rescue had occurred, prompting Foreign Minister Hirota to send another "Most Urgent" message to Japan's England Ambassador Yoshida, about a 'July 13' international news dispatch from London, one also picked up by India's UNI newswire service that emanated from Tokyo, announcing that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan had been rescued by a Japanese ship. Hirota was flummoxed after Japan's own Advertiser learned of it. [The Advertiser was a 1930s Tokyo newspaper that would later merge with the Tokyo Times.] Mr. Loomis was unable to locate any response from Ambassador Yoshida to Foreign Minister Hirota, and follow-up attempts to identify the source of the 'Earhart and Noonan rescued' article by the U.S. were unsuccessful after Foreign Minister Hirota managed to further censor it. Japan's Ambassador to the United States, Hiroshi Saito, who had wired Tokyo from Washington DC about the story, did not disclose the actual reply he received from his government, leaving both Ambassadors Saito and Yoshida to further claim ignorance. Their communications about Earhart's rescue report took place between July 14 and July 20, 1937, exhibiting 'perfect timing' when collocated with the flying duo's pick-up at Mili Atoll and days-later arrival at Jaluit. U.S. Secretary of State, Cordell Hull had requested verification from Ambassador Saito about the rescue story on July 15, the day after the newswire made its way into a few U.S. newspapers. Ambassador Saito's short, typed reply to Secretary of State Hull was received on July 20. Simply and cordially, he expressed no knowledge of Amelia having been rescued by his country. By then, however, his country's newly declared war against China was almost two-weeks underway and dominating worldwide headlines, and with the U.S. having clearly shown its support for China by placing embargos on exported goods to Japan, it obliterated what was left of the already 'heavily clouded by suspicion' communication lines that had existed between the two countries even before Amelia went missing.
How The World War Two U.S. Alliance With China Initially Took Form, And The Way It Affected Japan's Viewpoint Of Its Detainee, Amelia Earhart:
Just before she went missing on July 2, 1937, during the previous month of June while Amelia was still flying around the world, U.S. Army Captain, Claire Lee Chennault, while posing as a civilian, had just arrived in China ensuring the U.S. alliance to the country by helping to train and build its air force under the supportive guise of China's leader, Chiang Kai-shek. The epilogue of Japan's July 7, 1937 declared war against China that was concurrent with its detainment of Amelia Earhart, began with Chennault accepting a position as China's chief  army air advisor immediately after Japan's war declaration. The move marked the birth of the covert U.S. Flying Tigers geared to help China's war effort against Japan. This was soon followed by Germany's November of 1937 announcement of forming its alliance pact with Italy, its 1939 invasion of Poland that was immediately followed by England's declaration of war against Germany, then Japan's 1940 announced alliance with Germany and Italy to complete the unified formation of the Axis powers, and finally, the U.S. entering World War Two in 1941 after Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Amelia? After being picked up by Japan in an area she was not supposed to be anywhere near during the early days of this world-stage turmoil, she segued into existing as a metaphorical held-knight in a heated war-time chess match.


"Also, special recognition to Tod Swindell who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart, to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck, reprinted from the Preface in his book, Amelia Earhart Survived.

How Protecting Earhart's Forensic Analysis Was Initiated
"I found it hard to believe, after directly learning from World War Two veterans and famed investigative authors, USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais and USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck before they passed on in 2005 and 2007 respectively, that the same 'Irene,' who for over three decades they had claimed with steadfast certainty used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart,' had never been forensically compared to Amelia, nor had her full-life story ever been scrutinized in anything close to a forensic manner. Gervais remarked he never needed a comparison analysis. He offered that when he met her in 1965 among other prominent retired pilots in New York, he felt he recognized her right away, and after his own five-year follow up investigation of her past he was left accepting, and even embracing the truth of who she used to be. Finally, after listening to Colonel Reineck's recorded interview of former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley [1902-1996] who outright confirmed his late close friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' within it, I decided it was long overdue for a forensic analysis to be conducted that would compare the physical beings and character traits of Amelia and said 'Irene' to each other, and that said 'Irene's' life-long past should be seriously looked into as well. During the course of the study a discovery was made that revealed the 'Irene' identity in question had been attributed to three different women, and the particular 'Irene' Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck referred to as the 'former Amelia Earhart' appeared nowhere in the photographic record of said 'Irene's' person prior to the mid-1940s. Add to this the way the 'Irene' in question displayed a head-to-toe physical congruence to Amelia, then combine it with how their character traits also aligned, so much made it easier to identify how Major Gervais, Colonel Reineck, and Monsignor Kelley, against the grain of conventional history and conventional reality, were all-along correct about the 'Irene' they had referred to, the 'Gervais-Irene,' who absolutely, without question, most definitely did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. Where any mystery of Amelia Earhart still exists, it is in the form of how this incredible post-war reality about her came to be." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, 2017, Atchison, Kansas

About the original, Irene:
A past acquaintance of Amelia's whose left-over identity she later acquiesced

The Original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
Shown with her husband Charles & her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.

The original Irene Craigmile and
Amelia Earhart were acquaintances.
The original Irene Craigmile's maiden name was 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley.' She was an only child. Best estimates described her as 'born in 1904' although no birth certificate for her was ever located.  Her mother, Bridget Doyle O'Crowley, who called her daughter 'Madeline,' died when her daughter was twelve. Following his wife's death, the original Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley [known as 'Joe'] found it difficult to raise his daughter alone so she was left to be cared for by her paternal grandmother, Sarah Rutherford O'Crowley and her paternal aunt, an attorney by the name of Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, Sarah's daughter. In 1920 said mother and daughter team lived together on Lombardy Street in Newark, New Jersey with young Irene, who was listed as 'age 14' at the time. Joe O'Crowley had remarried by then and saw his daughter less frequently. 
Note: The above mentioned original Irene's aunt, attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley was the first woman to pass the New Jersey state bar exam. She was also a prominent ZONTA member who in 1928 oversaw and was the emcee for Amelia Earhart's induction into the ZONTA organization, an exclusive club for prominent professional women. Amelia and attorney Irene remained friends from that point on.
Around 1928 as well, Sarah O'Crowley and her daughter, attorney Irene O'Crowley began caring for a four year old little girl who attorney Irene described as 'the daughter' of a deceased relative. By then the original Irene had married and was living in Pequannock, New Jersey with her first husband, Charles Craigmile, who she wed in 1927.
In 1931, while he and the original Irene were on a road trip together visiting his parents, Charles Craigmile tragically died from internal poisoning after his appendix burst.
A year later, Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry helped arrange flying lessons for the original Irene to lift her spirits, and in late May of 1933 she was awarded her pilot's license--only to realize she was newly pregnant out of wedlock at the time, thus ending her brief stint as a pilot. [It was the second time the original Irene had become pregnant out of wedlock. The first time occurred before she met Charles Craigmile.] Within a few months of realizing she was pregnant the original Irene eloped to marry the father of her child, her last flight instructor, Alvin Heller. Their son, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934.
Unfortunately, their matrimony was short lived. By the late 1930s Al Heller had moved to Buffalo to work at the Curtis Wright airplane factory and the couple's marriage was soon after annulled. An ugly custody battle for their son also ensued with both Al Heller and the original Irene accusing each other of poor parenting, excessive drinking and promiscuous behavior. Amid this turmoil their son was often left in the care of others, then strangely enough, by the early 1940s his mother, the original Irene no longer appeared extant.
A few years later, in 1946, a different woman sporting the original Irene's same identity could be found working at the Peoples National Bank of Long Island as a Senior Loan Officer. Where Amelia's career left her familiar with the world of high finance, the original Irene had no work experience or education relative to the banking industry. In fact, beyond her losing her first husband in 1931, her short lark as a pilot, eloping to marry in 1933 then having a baby in 1934, the original Irene's employment history only showed her having worked as a department store 'floor walker.' 
It is evident the original Irene's son, who grew up to be a Pan Am pilot, only recalled a surrogate mother figure from prior to his enrolling at a boarding school in the early 1940s, for the woman he identified as his 'childhood mother' for Protecting Earhart, the 'Non Gervais-Irene,' was much younger than his biological mother. In recent years this forensic reality was verified by way of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. [Note: The lengthy, 'Al Heller, Irene Craigmile 1938-1942 annulment and child custody case file' is viewable in the Nassau County, Long Island public records division.]

It's Obvious
"The same person who was once known as Amelia Earhart ultimately went by different names in different eras. It isn't so hard anymore to understand why, and by now it has become easy to recognize. In a confounding way, though, ever since the 1970s when this hard reality first surfaced, the American public has been herded like sheep by wolves disguised as historical shepherds who insisted it wasn't true through multimedia outlets. It's interesting to note how none of them ever marked an 'official history' representative. Even so, by way of like-minded individuals, today this incredulous tradition of public deceit about Amelia Earhart continues to omnipresently dominate multimedia expressed viewpoints, where people are persuaded to not even consider the by now highly-obvious Amelia-became-Irene reality, and across the board they mindfully obey." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell 2017
After weighing the results of Protecting Earhart's new-millennium, 'comprehensive forensic analysis,' any further the solid forensic conclusion clearly states: There were three different individual human beings attributed to the same Twentieth Century identity of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam," and one of them, the 'Gervais-Irene' who appeared nowhere identified as Irene in the United States prior to the mid-1940s, and who completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise when compared, had famously been known as 'Amelia Earhart' prior to when she was errantly purported to have 'vanished without a trace' in mid-1937:
   1930                     Early 1940s                    1946
Above: The three different women historically identified as one in the same,
"Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials and slight
'look adjustments' notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
  in 1946 on the far-right [the Gervais-Irene] had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
"I did not want to appear on the National Geographic Channel's special, 'Where's Amelia Earhart.' Colonel Reineck talked me into it. I did it as a favor to him, yet only after I struck an agreement with one of the show's producers, Noel Dockstater, who promised to address and display the recent forensic discovery of more than one person having used the same 'Irene' identity. Of course I was disappointed after Mr. Dockstater reneged on his promise and did not display or address the discovery at all. Instead, once again the Irene-Amelia controversy was whitewashed in the program. Never have I witnessed such shoddy treatment of decades worth of bonafide research. As with the Smithsonian, it is clear Nat Geo's corporate regard of the Earhart disappearance matter includes avoiding the topic of why it has never conducted its own serious investigation. Neither the Smithsonian nor the National Geographic Society have ever done such a thing. Rather, both have long adhered to the old 'official viewpoint' of encouraging the so-called 'mystery of Amelia Earhart' to remain in vogue." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell  
Warner Home Video Ng Wheres Amelia Earhart (dvd/ff-16x9) - Pricefalls ...

Above: With all that has been learned about it over the years, the National Geographic Channel's most recent program about Amelia's disappearance, "Where's Amelia Earhart?" marked an insult to the collective intelligence of honest, educated Americans.

Image result for harry truman
"The only thing different is the history you will never know." Former U.S. President Harry S. Truman [shown above] answers a reporter in the fall of 1945. The President had been asked what was different about the world after the war(?) The Earhart debacle marked some of the 'never to be known history' left over from President Franklin Roosevelt's administration that Truman inherited. Except, about Amelia Earhart... now we know

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR

"I hope I've just got to never make it public." 1938 words of the White House adminstration's, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. on information the U.S. Executive Branch withheld about Amelia Earhart's disappearance.
Above, prominent cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. [shown with President Franklin D. Roosevelt] plainly described how the White House withheld information about the outcome of Amelia's 1937 world flight in an official transcript dated May 13, 1938, ten months after Amelia and Fred Noonan went missing. One of the Roosevelts' better family friends and among FDR's most trusted advisors dating back to his term as governor of New York, when Henry Morgenthau Jr. cautioned he 'never wanted to have to make public' what the White House learned about the untimely ending of Amelia's world flight [how her plane had been engaged by Japanese aircraft after she steered too far north of England's Gilbert Islands into hostile territory] he was responding to a query about it forwarded to him by First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt who had been a good friend of Amelia's. By virtue of Morgenthau's additional words preceding his, "I hope I've just got to never make it public" statement, that in its entirety reads, "What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes... I hope I've just got to never make it public,"  based on the intelligence the White House had gathered on Amelia's "last few minutes" and in lieu of Japan's impenatrable silence about it, FDR's administration determined Amelia and Fred Noonan met their demise by being shot down, and it would be awful to "have to make it public." The White House was later stupefied as World War Two grew imminent, when additional information it gathered indicated the duo actually managed to survive by ditching in the lower Marshall Islands--where as later verified, Japan's Imperial Navy retrieved and detained them without public awareness.
Ultimately buried by the onset of the war, FDR's administration never did 'make public' any of the crucial information on Amelia Earhart's world flight ending it furtively withheld. The U.S. Executive Branch's tradition of silent-treatment toward Amelia's loss continued to remain throughout the war, throughout the remainder of the Twentieth Century, and it still remains to this day.
The reason the American public was ultimately encouraged to dismiss the truth blatantly presented to them about Amelia Earhart's disappearance in the 1960s & 1970s was forged after the event occurred, then firmly shored up at the end of World War Two. During the enormous amount of reparation agreements that took place right after the war, it was strategized what would be best for both the United States and Japan patriotically and internationally moving forward, that the mystery of Amelia's disappearance would always remain, 'a mystery,' and Japan willingly agreed. President Truman had replaced Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., who he did not like much, just before VJ Day. After FDR died in April of 1945, Morgenthau was a fairly inert White House figure whose remaining value left him viewed as one of the few individuals who knew where some of FDR's important bones were buried. As part of the new White House administration, Morgenthau's suggestion to convert Germany into an agrarian society after the war was viewed as myopic by Truman and his own hand picked advisors, and it served as the last straw when it came to ending Morgenthau's enduring, formidable White House presence and tenure. How the mystery of Amelia Earhart came to remain firmly in place ever since the war years may partially be found in the following quote issued by the infamous Joseph Goebbels, whose nationwide propaganda efforts swayed an entire country during the pre-World War Two era: "If you tell a big lie often enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the consequences of knowing the truth. For the truth becomes the enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the enemy of the state."
Hence, ever since the end of World War Two the following has remained a quietly observed true-hood in both Washington DC and Tokyo: 'The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance exists because it's supposed to exist.'

Above, Amelia on either side flanking her future self, the Gervais-Irene, shown in 1970

The Ever-Obfuscated Post-Loss Reality Of Amelia Earhart
Dating back to the 1970s, it has remained understood and accepted by many reputable individuals--some no longer living of course--that Amelia Earhart survived her ordeal in Japan's custody and she eventually returned to the United States after assuming a different identity. Even so, the mere mention of Amelia's post-loss continued existence into the latter part of the Twentieth-Century was perpetually obfuscated in the public eye, although anymore the evidence is clear it did happen. To be sure, four nationally published books issued from 1970 to 2016 promoted it as a purposeful non-conveyed reality, only to be ridiculed by disingenuous individuals more interested in promoting lesser claims to media outlets than they were in embracing the truth. Most people today do not realize there remains a 'politically correct' influence in place that encourages the public to accept how there was no conceivable way Amelia could have continued to survive in Japan's care throughout the war. The History Channel's new 'she died while in Japan's custody' favoritism marks the latest example of steering people away from accepting Amelia's obvious, post-loss body evidence. True, the historical ramifications of the U.S. government acknowledging Amelia's post-loss existence in the U.S. after the war would be pretty significant, so it's easy to see why it has always managed to avoid addressing the topic. Never the less, it is the truth. It's important to reiterate how no hard evidence of Amelia's death ever surfaced after she ended up in Japan's care. On the other hand, body evidence amounts to proof, and one can observe here-below and throughout this website--what actually became of the person that had been previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart':  

The 'Gervais-Irene', Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
The forensic study proved her post-war era identity had been attributed to two other women
Protecting Earhart's study also proved...
...the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s...
...and further proved...
...her physical and character traits congruence to the world famous person she used to be

Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
Monsignor Kelley's sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession (left) with the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'

Click on the following link for a slow motion dissolve of the above. Hit the back arrow to return to Irene-Amelia.Com:
No matter what has been repeatedly described over the years by strong-voiced opponents [veteran Earhart theorists & devotees Mike Campbell, Richard Gillespie, and Elgen Long foremost among them] whom in the interest of promoting their own differing claims combated the assertion of Amelia having survived her disappearance and later changing her name for the sake of future privacy, the point is: Forensically there is incontrovertible evidence that reveals how after her storied disappearance, Amelia did outlive the war, and she eventually changed her name before resuming her life in the United States. Following her return to the U.S., she endured a period of healing and made a few adjustments to her famous visage while familiarizing herself with U.S. life in the mid-1940s. She then took up residence in her former Long Island stomping grounds where she was given comfortable positions in the banking industry. She was first employed at the People's National Bank near Mineola as a senior loan officer, before ascending to vice president status at the National Bank of Great Neck--until retiring in 1958 when she married Guy Bolam of England, who ran Radio Luxembourg. [Great Neck, Long Island was where as Amelia she had lived with her friend, Marian Stabler's family in the mid-1920s. During her fame years she often flew out of Floyd Bennett and Roosevelt Air Fields on Long Island as well.]
Further known as 'Irene,' she travelled the world incessantly after she married Guy Bolam and had resumed her association with the women's ZONTA organization as well. After Guy died in 1970, she took over as the corporate president of Radio Luxembourg and continued to travel for the remainder of the decade, regularly to England and Japan beyond Europe, that included of course, Luxembourg.
An interesting footnote; her later-life adoration of Japanese culture left some individuals who assessed the constraints of her war-time survival considering she was possibly a Stockholm Syndrome victim during the years she existed under Japan's stewardship. As her friend and confidant, Monsignor James Francis Kelley once remarked about her later-life years, "...she barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and how after the war she, "didn't want to be Amelia Earhart any more."
Amelia was able to obtain her new identity with assistance from a ZONTA figurehead she befriended during her fame years [Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley], with omniscience of the U.S. Justice Department [the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover], and a 'confidant' friendship that offered her needed support administered by then Seton Hall College President, the aforementioned Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a well-known priest with doctorates in philosophy and psychology who from the late 1970s to the early 1990s described to select individuals how he had treated Amelia with "healing emotional therapy" after her return to the United States. Monsignor Kelley, who died in 1996, also disclosed how he had been instrumental with helping Amelia to become 'Irene.' [Note: This is all substantiated information. See the Monsignor Kelley related photo and news article clipping below.] In more recent years, after Monsignor Kelley's recorded statements were publicized, status-quo Earhart mystery devotees decried them as 'attention seeking offerings from a victim of old-age senility' that caused the monsignor to 'make-up' what he passed along about his good friend, 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.' Some long-time close friends of the Monsignor's disagreed, offering how the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first began telling them how Amelia survived the war in Japan's custody--before he helped her to resurface in the United States with a new identity. It's easy to see the Monsignor was all-along correct when one examines the decades after-the-fact forensic comparison results and considers the otherwise unlikely enormity of coincidence of two people sharing the overall congruence they displayed. The three panel comparison above marks a significant example among many others from Protecting Earhart's new millennium study, especially when one considers the photo was enlarged from one taken of Monsignor Kelley's close friend, the Gervais-Irene, sitting next to his sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession, her main travelling companion after Guy Bolam died. For edification of this, again click on the following link to observe the short, slow-motion dissolve that begins with the full original photo. This time, be sure to look into the Gervais-Irene's eyes as the dissolve unfolds. Once more, here's the link:  Irene4-slo transition-HD 720p
Until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place this undeniable congruence had not been recognized, nor had it been discerned that by the time the former Amelia Earhart died in 1982, the same identity that left her further known as 'Irene' after the war had also been attributed to two other women. Said amazing realization further cemented the reality of how the 'Irene' who matched Amelia from head-to-toe, who was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
This latent history of Amelia Earhart was dismissed by her survived family and virtually ignored by  official history itself. None the less, the five-decades-old 'never-disproved' assertion that the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as Amelia Earhart, logistically exists anymore as an obvious forensic reality

Still not convinced? Keep going. The truth was just revealed to you, now you're about to be hit over the head with it...
From 1970 on, to include ever since the Gervais-Irene died in July of 1982, people relentlessly continued to question her true past. Directly below is former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley's telling 1982 newspaper quote pertaining to the suggestion of his recently deceased friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam's [the Gervais-Irene's] suspected 'previous Amelia Earhart identity.' His reply left the curious on the brink of recognizing a privately understood reality when it came to Amelia Earhart's full life story:

Msgr. Kelley's 1982 newspaper 'no comment.'
Kelley privately admitted his friend, the 'Gervais-Irene' Bolam used to be known as Amelia Earhart

Monsignor Kelley awards J. Edgar Hoover Seton Hall's LLD.
Admiral Nimitz and Senator Al Hawkes...
...receiving honorary Seton Hall degrees from Monsignor Kelley;

War time service awards given to Monsignor James Francis Kelley:
"November 20, 1946 citation from J. Edgar Hoover for assistance rendered during the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice."
"Citation awarded in 1941 by Henry P. Morganthau Jr. for three years of Patriotic Service with integrity and diligence for the Treasury Department of the United States of America."
The above two awards are cited in Monsignor Kelley's 1987 autobiography. He offered no explanation on why he received the above awards, but he did include the following passage in the foreword of his autobiography that was no doubt relative to his previous relationship with his long time 'important' friend, the Gervais-Irene, who died in 1982:
"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. Some of them were now dead and I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about deceased people who could not defend themselves."
Although Monsignor Kelley later acknowledged he had 'written a chapter' for his book about his endearing relationship with Amelia Earhart, who he confirmed was further known as 'Irene' in the United States after World War Two, his decision to not include it in his final published version was not so surprising. In fact, as close as the two had been for over three decades, that his book never once mentions the names of 'Amelia' or 'Irene' anywhere is revealing in itself--where it concerned the ongoing importance and sensitivity of their previous alliance.  

Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy

Below: An excerpt from investigative author, USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck's 1991 taped interview with Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Reineck tracked down the elderly Monsignor after learning from two of the Monsignor's good friends, Helen Barber and Donald DeKoster that the Monsignor had confided in them about Amelia's continued survival as 'Irene' years before:

Reineck: If you have things of hers [Earhart's] I would like to see them. Are you aware that she was Irene Bolam?

Kelley: What?

Reineck: Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?                                                            

Kelley: That's right, yes.

Note: Listening to the actual recording of this, the Monsignor could not have sounded more calm and matter of fact in his reply to Colonel Reineck's question about Irene Bolam.

Their close friendship was evident after WWII...
The Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] and Monsignor Kelley in the 1970s

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful St. Croix, US Virgin Islands home.

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful Rumson, NJ home. The Gervais-Irene was a familiar guest at both homes.

NOTE: In 1991, retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais and retired Air Force Colonel, Rollin Reineck held a press conference in Hawaii to provide updates on their ongoing investigation of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, foremost including their certain belief that Amelia had 'quietly survived' World War Two. Colonel Reineck soon after received a letter from a Mrs. Helen Barber of Wayne, Pennsylvania that described something her seasonal neighbor, Monsignor James Francis Kelley had shared with she and her husband a decade earlier. She referred Colonel Reineck to another couple she knew, Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeKoster of Detroit Michigan, (Mr. DeKoster was an auto industry executive) to additionally verify the information she had been made privy to. Both the Barbers and the DeKosters were fairly affluent and owned winter homes in the Virgin Islands on St. Croix, near Monsignor Kelley's home there. The following section was excerpted from a letter sent to Colonel Reineck by Mrs. Barber shortly after his press conference with Joe Gervais took place:

“Dear Colonel Reineck,

My husband and I read about your news conference in Hawaii. We are impressed by the integrity of your investigation into the Earhart matter and we simply had to contact you with a related experience we have kept to ourselves for many years. We have a home in the Virgin Islands where we spend winters and one of our neighbors down there is Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Monsignor Kelley owns a beautiful home on top of a hill on the island of St. Croix where our winter home is also located. In 1981 during a luncheon with him, he related to us how he was commissioned at the end of the war to help bring Amelia Earhart back from Japan. He said he was chosen to serve as her psychiatric priest. He also told me something about missing documents he had to get that she needed in order to help with her Identity change. The Monsignor told us that he received her as she was being subjected to an identity change. He told us that she stayed with him at his New Jersey home and I believe sometimes his St. Croix winter home while he helped with her emotional, spiritual, and psychiatric needs.” 

The above passage was reprinted from a letter Helen Barber sent to Rollin Reineck in 1991. Reineck recorded different follow-up phone conversations he had with Mrs. Barber and Mr. Donald Dekoster. Both confirmed their belief in what Monsignor Kelley described to them about Amelia Earhart, with Mr. Dekoster offering how the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first told him how instrumental he was when he helped Amelia settle into her new 'private life' as 'Irene' after the war years. 

Having privately confidided to select individuals about her beforehand, after his good friend, the Gervais-Irene died in 1982, Monsignor James Francis Kelley began to more freely disclose how she used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' to people who approached him about it. Twenty years after his doing so, it was therefore no coincidence that Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic comparison analysis displayed the obvious head-to-toe and character trait congruences the Gervais-Irene and her former Amelia-self shared. Although known by different names in different eras, plainly and naturally, the same human being shone through in the forensic comparison study. Shoring it up within the overall analysis, was the ID placement made by the 1934 born son of the original 'Irene,' Clarence 'Larry' Heller. At his attorney's office in New York, to Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, Mr. Heller positively identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene to have been his 'mother' from his childhood on, solidifying the long-held claim of his mother's 'Irene' identity having been additionally attributed to Amelia Earhart for her to use as an alias in her later-life years. Mr. Heller also confirmed that Amelia had known his mother's family through his mother's aunt, an attorney from Newark, New Jersey, I. Mary Rutherford O'Crowley who was a prominent ZONTA sister of Amelia's. Ms. O'Crowley had served as an occasional 'Amelia Earhart brand' contracts advisor for Amelia along with another prominent ZONTA figure who served as Amelia's publicist, England's Nina Broderick Price. Incredibly enough, strategically as well, as close as Amelia had been to both of them, one will not see either of their names mentione in ANY of Amelia's authorized published biographies. Ms. O'Crowley, who in 1928 had endorsed Amelia into the ZONTAs, and Mrs. Price, who had received Amelia's ZONTA mail for her in New York, served as ZONTA chapter presidents in the 1930s; Ms. O'Crowley served as a Newark, New Jersey ZONTA chapter president, and Mrs. Price served as a New York City ZONTA chapter president.
Traversing ahead with a new professional career after a few adjustments were made to alter her familiar visage, the combined changes left Amelia's pior-self hard to recognize. This reality was pre-enhanced, since by the time World War Two ended the vast majority of U.S. citizens were settled in their belief that Amelia Earhart had not survived her 1937 world flight outcome. So much enabled the 'former' Amelia Earhart to embark on a new private-life existence, one where she would be commonly, and legally known as 'Irene' in the United States during the remainder of her life after the war, even through some significant remonstrations that surfaced during her last twelve years on earth, 1970 to 1982.
Incredibly enough, although many curious people, to include some her good friends and even some family members who had known her and continued to question who she really was long after her death occurred, it wasn't until after Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic analysis took place that the reality of her previous life as the famous 'Amelia Earhart' finally ascended to exist at the obvious state it now rests at.

The Truth...
From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books authored by different investigative researchers concluded Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in Japan's custody and eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' the same name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers. Unlike Amelia's background, Protecting Earhart's investigative research revealed the original Irene Craigmile's existence during the 1930s to have been ambiguous, even sordid at times, and exemplified a person who generally lacked ambition. [See further below for a brief on the original, 'Irene Craigmile.']

The Joe Klaas-Joe Gervais book:
A best-seller in 1970, it determined Amelia privately survived and later changed her name to Irene.
By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
A first hand account; note Irene's photo on the cover.
By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2003
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
Most recent, by W. C. Jameson
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'

USAF Major, Joe Gervais was first to realize the 'Amelia became Irene' equation in 1965, with his five-year 'investigative research' assessment of it later appearing in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. In time a slew of follow up investigators [and authors] who seriously looked into the controversy came to agree with Gervais, and they determined Amelia accepted her new existence as 'Irene' not only for political reasons, but because she no longer wanted to be a famous, 'public' person. Once more, as her later life good friend and confidant, former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey described it to Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley in 1987: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."
Another decade would pass after Monsignor Kelley described what he did to Dean Magley, before Protecting Earhart's 'first of its kind' quantitative forensic analysis began highlighting the credibility of the well-known Monsignor's words. [See the Monsignor Kelley/Wally Schirra page-link for more.]
The Protecting Earhart MSS expounded on the results of its long-term, comprehensive analysis backed by extensive supportive research, thus enabling it to forensically endorse the conclusion of Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival that left her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two. [Note: In 1958 said 'Irene Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England, thereafter leaving her known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.']

Overlooking Honolulu from the Punch Bowl...
...USAF Major, Joe Gervais (Ret.) and USAF Colonel, Rollin Reineck (Ret.) in 1991

Famous Earhart investigative researcher, USAF Major Joe Gervais [1924-2005] who studied Amelia's disappearance more than anyone in the Twentieth-Century, was the person who first traced the knowledge of Amelia's survival and eventual name change to have been protected by former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, former FBI Chief, J. Edgar Hoover, war-time Archbishop Francis Spellman, former Women's Air Force Service Pilots leader and past good friend of Amelia's, Jackie Cochran, Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, General Douglas MacArthur, Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, and Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey.
Major Gervais did write to J. Edgar Hoover in early 1969, asking him about Amelia Earhart only to receive the following response:

"In reply to your request, information in our files must be maintained as confidential pursuant to regulations of the Department of Justice.  I hope you will not infer either that we do or do not have material in our files relating to the individual you mentioned. Signed, J. Edgar Hoover."

“I think of God as a symbol for good, thinking good, identifying good in everybody and everything. This God I think of is not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal force, eternally present, and at all times available.”  

Amelia Earhart


‘Don’t trust the world, trust the universe. The truth is known. The universe delivered the truth about Amelia Earhart decades ago; the world has kept it from being understood and accepted.’

Most definitely, the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Even so, quite a few important sounding individuals continue to all-but scream, kick and hollar within their attempts to convince people otherwise.

Art rendition of the Gervais-Irene
One of three women attributed to the same identity. Click image for the comparison page.
The Gervais-Irene Bolam
Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart

The Gervais-Irene & Amelia Earhart superimposed
Click image to go to the 'Forensic Realities' page.

Note her favorite chrysanthemum pendant
FKA 'Amelia Earhart' at eighty years old in early 1978, known then as 'Irene Bolam'

The Post-World War Two Era Preference
FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover had his hands full in late August of 1945. World War Two had just ended and no one was ever to know that Amelia Earhart had managed to survive the duration of it in Japan's stewardship. Hoover recognized how the always heeded to 'official silence' in Washington and Tokyo about Amelia's loss left people uncertain of what really happened to her. Fortunately for him, nary a soul considered Amelia might still be among the living as the U.S. bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. No matter the other tongue-in-cheek pseudo 'official offerings' about the circumstances of Amelia's disappearance that came to exist, she did manage to survive with the shared knowledge of it eventually being sealed by executive orders in both Washington and Tokyo
Shoring up the half-century old, 'never disproved' discovery Major Joe Gervais made in 1965 and first went public with in 1970, Protecting Earhart developed the first-ever forensic reality viewpoint that enabled it to handily display and ultimately prove Amelia's continued existence after World War Two. This includes her privately arranged return to the United States where she was further recognized as one of three women attributed to the same name of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam," until her death on July 7, 1982. 
The 'Gervais-Irene'
From the time he first met her in 1965 at a prestigious gathering of retired pilots in New York until his death in 2005, USAF Major, Joe Gervais (ret.) maintained this particular Irene Bolam, shown above in a 1976 photo taken in Jamaica, was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' [See the comparisons below and throughout Protecting Earhart's website.] Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis that was being conducted when Major Gervais died ended up proving him correct. This photo does depict the woman who up until mid-1937 was famously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Well adept at skirting the subject of Amelia's disappearance, the U.S. State Department, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Executive Branch have never denied this truth and never will. 'Official silence' and becoming adept at skirting the subject of seriously addressing Amelia's post-loss circumstances have long been the credos U.S. government departments have adhered to. Credo: 'A belief or aim used to guide someone's actions.'

Major Gervais found Mrs. Bolam's close friendship with Amelia's sister, Muriel highly familiar as well.
Below: Note the uncanny 'sister-like' resemblance Amelia's sister, Muriel had with her later-life friend, the Gervais-Irene. Their similar appearance was no coincidence because they truly were biological sisters.

Amelia's mother and sister, Amy Otis & Muriel "Pidge" Earhart. (Amelia's nickname was "Millie")

Amelia's sister, Muriel

The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965.
With British husband, Guy Bolam.

The Non Gervais-Irene....
An O'Crowley family secret?
Left and right photos...
...displays same person in younger-older versions.
Non Gervais-Irene's true identity remains unknown,
Her estimated age in 1982 was 'late fifties'

Below is the younger and older alignment of the Gervais-Irene, whose photographed image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, and she was not biologically related to Larry Heller, although she did use his mother's identity from the mid-1940s on, until she died in 1982.

'Gervais-Irene' young
Left and right images combined display the congruence.
The Gervais-Irene in 1965.
AKA 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' in the photo displayed in the 1970 book 'Amelia Earhart Lives.'

It ultimately proved out after they were forensically compared, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart displayed a highly remarkable congruence: 

The Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
Amelia Earhart, 1933

The Gervais-Irene
Shown in a 1963 photo taken in Japan
Equally superimposed...
...Amelia and the Gervais-Irene.
Amelia Earhart, age thirty in 1928.
Photo taken after her Friendship flight.

Can a person change over time, to a point where they're no longer recognizable for who they used to be? Consider the following:

"We fancy ourselves as concrete things, something with boundaries, unchanging, and when we have occasion to refer to ourselves or examine ourselves introspectively, we believe we know what we refer to and are adamant in our avowal of self. The truth is we neither know ourselves nor are we the same from one moment in our lives to the next. If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)


Over the years the public has been persuaded not to consider the possibility Amelia's post-loss 'private' survival by dogmatic influences. Protecting Earhart's new millennium 'ten-year forensic analysis' speaks for itself by presenting what any further exists as a rather obvious, albeit overlooked historical reality.

Below: 1928 Amelia photo starts morphing...
...a photo of her later self.

Gervais-Irene Bolam in Cocoa Beach, Florida, 1965
...a 1935 photo of her former self,
Amelia Earhart

Below are a few quotes displaying interesting, if not revealing sides of Amelia's private and public sides. The first two are from Susan Butler's 1997 Addison-Wesley Amelia Earhart biography, East To The Dawn. The 'Muhammed Ali' quote comes from Susan Ware's 1993 W.W. Norton Amelia Earhart biography, Still Missing; Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism.  

"...Amelia's habit of concealment extended even to her closest of friends..."

"...averse as she was to ceding control of her life in any circumstance to someone else."

 Then again, when it came to speaking her mind; "Amelia was about as shy as Muhammad Ali."

Where history treated Amelia Earhart unfairly, it is mainly because a difference existed between what the public thought it understood about the time period of her last flight, compared to what it did not later recall. One thing often overlooked was how Amelia was an anti-war pacifist who was not so affected by the growing negative feelings toward Japan in 1937, four years before Pearl Harbor happened. She was adhering to an isolationist stance, and during her last flight she wrote favorably of all nations she visited. Amelia also spoke several languages to include Japanese, she adored Japan's culture and she was a hero there in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had been. She always chose to do things her own way, and in effect, when the Sino-Japanese war broke out on July 7, 1937--just five days after she was declared a missing person, she was pretty much gone forever from that point on.

"Do not believe in what you've heard. Do not believe in tradition because it is handed down many generations. Do not believe in anything that has been spoken of many times. Do not believe because the written statements come from some old sage. Do not believe in conjecture. Do not believe in authority or teachers or elders. But after careful observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and it will benefit one and all, then accept it and live by it."

Buddah (563 B.C. - 483 B.C.)


Iva Toguri, 1946

The FBI version of Iva Toguri (other surname, "d’Aquino") and “Tokyo Rose”

Following the Japanese surrender in September 1945, American troops began searching for Japanese military leaders and others who may have committed war crimes. The press—sometimes following, sometimes beating the military to the scene—did the same.

Two of these reporters, Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee, sought “Tokyo Rose,” the notorious siren who tried to demoralize American soldiers and sailors during the war by highlighting their hardships and sacrifices.

Through their legwork and contacts, the two reporters quickly identified one young American woman, Iva Toguri, who had made such broadcasts. Brundidge and Lee offered her a significant sum, which they later reneged on paying, for exclusive rights to interview her. Toguri agreed, signing a contract that identified her as Tokyo Rose.

The problem for Aquino, though, was that Tokyo Rose was not an actual person, but the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American-speaking women who made propaganda broadcasts under different aliases. As a result of her interview with the two reporters, Aquino came to be seen by the public—though not by Army and FBI investigators—as the mythical protagonist Tokyo Rose. This popular image defined her in the public mind of the post-war period and continues to color debate about her role in World War II today.

[Protecting Earhart note: The statement "Tokyo Rose was not an actual person," contradicts the testimony former U.S. soldiers gave during the Tokyo Rose trial in 1949--who avowed there had been one specific American female voice with a pure accent who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," just as Iva Toguri had consistently identified herself as "Orphan Ann" or "Orphan Annie." Note as well how careful the language is used where the FBI final report conveyed how 'Tokyo Rose' was "the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American speaking women..." It is also no small coincidence, in the Marshall Islands, Amelia Earhart grew to be commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' after she was picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy, with the common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' being "that held by the chrysanthemum," and the chrysanthemum symbolizing the seal of the Emperor of Japan.] 

The Zero Hour

In November 1943, Toguri was asked to become a broadcaster for Radio Tokyo on the Zero Hour program. The program was part of a Japanese psychological warfare campaign designed to lower the morale of U.S. Armed Forces. The Zero Hour was broadcast every day except Sunday, from 6 p.m. until 7:15 p.m., Tokyo time. Toguri participated in most weekday broadcasts, but other women handled weekend duties.

Toguri was introduced on the program as “Orphan Ann,” “Orphan Annie.” Toguri’s average time on each program was about 20 minutes, during which she made propaganda statements and introduced popular records of the day, such as “Speak to Me of Love,” “In a Little Gypsy Tea Room,” and “Love’s Old Sweet Song.” The remainder of the program was devoted chiefly to news items from America and general news commentaries by other members of the broadcasting staff.


Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.

A Few 2002-2014 New Millennium Press Notices Re: Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell

The Topeka Capital-Journal
"Foudray said she understands why Earhart would not want her identity known after returning to the United States. ""She was tired of being famous and her privacy was important to her,"" she said. Foudray also believes the research of Gervais and Swindell is "just the tip of the iceberg."" Lou Foudray of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum in Atchison, Kansas. From a Topeka Capital-Journal Article by Jan Biles
Scoop Archives, National Press Circuit of New Zealand by Rosalea Barker
About an 'Earhart Research Symposium' that Ms. Rosalea Barker of New Zealand had attended with three hundred other curious souls, before drawing her conclusion further below she described the event in a way that had long been atypical of how differing theorists regarded the polarizing Amelia Earhart disappearance subject matter:
"For two days many knowledgeable people had been explaining their theories and supporting them with the fruits of their research to the point where I felt like I was trying to separate black sheep from white in a computer game that kept randomly changing the colour of sheep. Just when I thought all the facts had been marshalled in support of one theory, those same facts would be marshalled in support of another, completely opposite one."
Ms. Barker further included:
"After watching some video [of Tod Swindell's documentary footage, who presented and spoke at the event] and looking at the self-published book by researcher, Tod Swindell, who employed the methods and expertise of forensic anthropologists to compare Amelia Earhart and Irene Bolam physically, I think Joe Gervais was right." Rosalea Barker, of Scoop Archives, New Zealand. Often a stateside New Zealand News Journalist, Ms. Barker had just attended the Oakland Western Aerospace Museum's 'Earhart Research Symposium,' that left her believing in the stark reality (and simplicity, really) of the Gervais-Irene Bolam having been previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 
The Contra Costa Times

"Tod Swindell, an Earhart researcher since 1991, told the audience Saturday, ""The executive branch of the government was aware of Earhart on a level the rest of the public wasn't."" Swindell discussed letters, tapes and presidential communications that surfaced many years after Earhart's disappearance that provided tenuous clues." Linda Davis, The Contra Costa Times
Forensic Study Reaction Statements: 
"I have carefully studied the overlays and your presentation. Your conclusion that there were plural Irene Bolams has completely convinced me that this is indeed the case. You have also convinced me that the Gervais-Irene was AE. Incredible. You have quite an impressive package there. Keep charging - Gene." From a note to Tod Swindell from Retired Navy Rear Admiral, Eugene Tissot. Eugene Tissot's Father, Ernie was a friend of Amelia's who had served as her head plane mechanic during her 1935 Hawaii to Oakland flight. This was Gene Tissot's response to his examination of the first distributed forensic analysis results packet he was one of four original recipients of.
"Your work relating to AE and IB is absolutely outstanding. There is no other way to describe it. I just wanted you to know that I have nothing but admiration for you and I am honored and proud to be on the winning team." From a note written by USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) to Tod Swindell. Colonel Reineck was one of the four original recipients of the first distributed forensic analysis results. Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published through the Paragon Agency, duly crediting Swindell's forensic argument achievements. Featured in Reineck's book from pages 156 to 165 are several samples of photos separating the different identified 'Irene's' reproduced directly from the Protecting Earhart analysis. 
The Associated Press
"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." The now late John Bolam, referring to Tod Swindell's 'New Millennium, Protecting Earhart Forensic Analysis' as quoted in an Associated Press article by Ron Staton. John Bolam was the survived brother of the Gervais-Irene Bolam's British husband, Guy who she wed in 1958. John and his wife often enjoyed the company of his brother and sister-in-law, Irene throughout the 1960s and 70s. He began suspecting his sister-in-law to have been the 'former' Amelia Earhart after the book Amelia Earhart Lives came out in 1970, that implicated the reality of her true past. Protecting Earhart's study convinced him it was true. John Bolam also suspected his brother, Guy, Irene's later life husband who was born and raised in England and ran Radio Luxembourg in his later years, may have been MI-5 linked.

The Gervais-Irene in Japan, 1963...
...identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, the truth stares back
Equally superimposed...
...with her former 'Amelia' self, Protecting Earhart's study left it obvious...

"Richard Gillespie said the photos [in reference to Protecting Earhart's comparison study of the Gervais-Irene and Amelia] didn't line up." A quote from a 2017 Popular Mechanics article. Reality, however, displays they all lined up.

Amelia to her future Gervais-Irene self
The Gervais-Irene to her former Amelia self

A remarkable twenty-year journey... 


...of Protecting Earhart's dedicated Amelia Earhart Historian, Tod Swindell


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In 2017, Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell finalized and copyrighted his long term Irene Craigmile Bolam Versus Amelia Earhart forensic research and human comparison study. His study results enabled him to claim the forensic solving of Amelia Earhart's eight decades old missing person case in his name and in the names of his long-time collaborators, Randall Brink, Joseph A. Gervais (posthumously), Rollin C. Reineck (posthumously), and Joe Klaas (posthumously).
To contact Tod Swindell directly about his multi-tiered Amelia Earhart IP objectives, including rights to his feature film, "The Lost Electra," his Earhart animation project, and various literary IP's, not to leave out his two-decades long 'Irene-Amelia journey,' send an e-mail query to or phone his voice-mail at 323-317-0886. Viable reach outs will be put in touch with his Entertainment Attorney. Thank You.

Click here to e-mail Protecting Earhart/ E-mail address: advertises nothing but the truth about Amellia Earhart. It has existed as a World Wide Web internet website since 2007. Although periodically shouted down by naysayers, it has never been overchallenged. It features researcher, Tod Swindell's first ever embarked on, "Comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study" that, 1.) Proved more than one person used the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe physical and character-traits congruence the Joseph A. Gervais 1965 recognized "Irene Bolam" shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Joseph A. Gervais 1965 recognized "Irene Craigmile Bolam" appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, ultimately concluding against the grain fo conventional knowledge, that she and Amelia Earhart marked the same physical human being in younger and older forms going by different names.
Tod Swindell's forensic analysis endeavor was initiated in 1997. It first received national notice in 2002 while it was in progress. His original titled manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was ultimately copyrighted after several revisions and updates in 2014, # TXu 1-915-926. It was again copyrighted in 2017 with additional combined elements from the forensic study newly inserted, # TXu 2-061-539. For subsidiary-rights inquiries call 323-317-0886 is dedicated to the past tireless efforts of the late USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A major thank you goes to Tod Swindell's chief collaborative partner, Lost Star author, Randall Brink, who worked directly with Joseph Gervais for well over a decade before introducing Tod Swindell to him in 1996. A thanks also goes out to pilot-author, Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, who supplied additional 'Irene' photo data and handwritten letters for the study, along with much similar data Joseph Gervais and Rollin Reineck forwarded Tod's way after it was transferred from a 1970s good friend of Mrs. Bolam's, the late Diana Dawes. All of these elements combined enabled the study to reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to former CIA operative, Bazzell Baz, who provided some keen insight to this Earhart truth seeking endeavor when it was first getting underway in Santa Monica, CA in the mid-1990s.
Joseph A. Gervais, who is still considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first asserted the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.'
From Tod Swindell: "Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives after 1970, my good friends, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the remaining decades of their lives working to better advance the reality of Amelia Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity, after enduring their own long term evaluations of the existing evidence that supported it. Their efforts, but especially the decades old, never wavering "Amelia became Irene" assertion made by Joseph A. Gervais, inspired me to orchestrate the forensic analysis that ultimately proved their long held beliefs correct. Colonel Reineck's book, Amelia Earhart Survived that was published in late 2003, and was driven by my 'newly embarked on' forensic comparison study. Portions of my study appeared in his book, although a more extensively display of my material is seen here in Colonel Reineck's book was also the first to credit my study for "proving" how one of the Twentieth Century women who used the same 'Irene' identity had been previously known as Amelia Earhart."
Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are the intellectual properties of Aether Pictures, LLC.

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