©2004-2019 The Protecting Earhart MSS
©1997-2017 Amelia Earhart Compared To Irene Craigmile Forensic Analysis
AKA 'The Swindell Study'
Since the early 1960s,
and continuing into the 21st Century, a variety of Amelia Earhart investigative authors kept discovering new, revealing, and
at times startling information about Amelia Earhart's 1937 'disappearance' and subsequent 'missing person case' that was previously
Above: These two landmark books from 1966 and 1970 combined over fifteen years of investigative research.
Both concluded how after the end of World War Two the United States and Japan agreed not to publicly disclose an awareness
they shared that concerned the true outcome of Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan's 1937 world flight attempt.
The books' authors and other private investigators
who inquired about the information they discovered and presented were greeted by official silence in Washington and
Tokyo when they pressed for more information. Eventually, most gave up on trying to get an official response from either government.
Even so, by the mid-1970s it had become clear in a forensic argument way that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan did not simply
disappear. In time it also became known they did not crash and sink, they did not die of sickness on Saipan, they were not
executed by Japan as spy suspects, nor did they perish on a remote desert island hundreds of miles south of the equator. A
purpose was served by the later introductions of these and other (some cartoonish) suggestions though, in their attempts
to describe the duo's final fate: They detoured the 'mystery' of what really happened to Earhart and Noonan in a
variety of false directions--as elder U.S. and Japan cronies quietly winked and nodded.
those most keenly aware of Amelia Earhart's infamous disappearance saga--are accepting of she and Noonan's continued existence
under the auspice of Japan beyond the date they were reported missing, understanding
at the same time that the general public was never supposed to learn of such a thing coming out of the World War Two years.
Below are the other most significant books published
over the years on the subject of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance and her subsequent 'missing person case.' All are briefly
written about by Tod Swindell.
Above: Daughter of the Sky by Paul
Briand; Duell, Sloan, & Pearce, 1960. Paul Briand was a WWII veteran turned college history professor. He was the first
Amelia Earhart disappearance investigator to substantiate various witness accounts that stated Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan
survived their final flight outcome and ended-up existing under Japan's stewardship.
1985 by Robert Myers and Barbara Wiley, averred Amelia survived and
became known as "Irene."
1994 by Randall Brink, acknowledged the ongoing 'did Amelia become
Irene?' controversial debate.
2004, by USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), first to recognize
Tod Swindell's discovery of plural Irene Craigmile's with one of them having been the 'former' Amelia Earhart after World
2007 by David Bowman, acknowledged Tod Swindell's forensic study
for having rejuvenated the four decades old Irene-Amelia controversy.
Including the ones shown above, below are over
a dozen more 'Earhart investigative books' published since 1960. In recent decades the Earhart disappearance controversy evolved
away from embracing the provocative investigative discoveries made in the 1960s and 1970s, as a result of persuasions that
began to favor the off-base and more innocent ideas of Elgen Long and his Nauticos
group, of Richard Gillespie's TIGHAR organization, and of the Amelia Earhart Society's heir-apparent, Mike Campbell.
The three individuals mentioned above offered vastly differing conclusions to account for Amelia's final fate.
At the same time, somewhat curiously, they all commonly insisted that Amelia could not possibly have survived very long after
she went missing.
Here, it is important to recall that there never has been an 'official authorized investigation'
[according to the U.S. government] that looked into Amelia Earhart's
disappearance case--and how to this day the Smithsonian Institution, a ward of the U.S. government, has only offered a limited
viewpoint on the matter while favoring no presented theories or conclusions.
The following list of books and reviews rejects the official silence credo Amelia Earhart's missing person case has always been greeted by in
Washington DC and Tokyo, that in turn caused the vast majority of recognized historians to shy away from addressing it.
Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960 [Duell, Sloan,
Paul Briand's Daughter
of the Sky marked the first well researched Earhart disappearance book. Briand heard, learned of, and analyzed many
local islander accounts, past statements from representatives of Japan's military forces, and recollections of others who
lived among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands during the time Amelia Earhart went missing. Daughter
of the Sky was first to present the reality of Amelia Earhart's post-loss 'non-publicized survival' among Japan's Imperial
Mandate Islands after she was picked up by its Naval Authority. Where it appeared the two fliers ended up on Saipan for awhile
according to various eyewitness accounts, Briand first considered they might have actually gone down there. He soon changed
his belief to concur with the Marshall Islands' Mili Atoll as the place the two fliers initially ended up before they were
transferred to Jaluit before they were moved to Saipan, after he reviewed the 1960s separate investigations of Joe Gervais
and Fred Goerner, whose thorough follow-up efforts he inspired.
Fred Goerner's 1966 classic was a New York Times best
seller. The 1964 Admiral Chester Nimitz quote first appeared in it; "Earhart
and her navigator did go down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." Former U.S. Naval
Commander, John Pillsbury's 1962 quote also appears in it, where he intimated his opinion to Goerner about his investigation
of the Earhart case in this manner: "You're on to something that will stagger
your imagination." A CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner expounded on the highly curious information he located
in letters he wrote to Amelia's survived Sister, Muriel. He added Admiral Nimitz' conveyance of how it was, "known and documented in Washington," that Amelia had survived beyond July 2, 1937, courtesy of Japan's
Naval Authority stationed among its Imperial Mandate Islands. [Add this to statements made by Amelia's mother,
Amy Otis Earhart to the New York Times in 1949 when she mentioned she was always aware her daughter Amelia had survived under
the auspice of Japan, and claimed she 'knew' Amelia had been permitted to radio from overseas.] Goerner's investigation determined Earhart and Noonan went down
at Mili atoll of the lower Marshalls. It is a great, informative read minus its flawed conclusion that Japan allowed Amelia
to die of dysentery while she was sequestered on Saipan, something hard evidence never supported.
Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, 1970, McGraw-Hill
The 1970 Joe Klaas book, Amelia Earhart Lives
was also a New York Times best seller. Based on the investigative research of Joseph A. Gervais and Bob Dinger who formed
'Operation Earhart' in 1960, it raised questions about the Earhart saga that had never been asked before. Irene Craigmile
Bolam (the 'Gervais-Irene' whose picture appeared in the book) successfully sued to get it removed from the stores seven weeks
after it was published. Yet she sued for libel, not for having been implicated as the 'former' Amelia Earhart. Although
the book included 'Hull Island' as a possible ditching spot where Japan might have retrieved them, Gervais (like Fred Goerner)
ultimately concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili Atoll of the lower Marshall Islands. The book also strongly implicated
Amelia Earhart to have somehow survived under Japan's stewardship, before eventually changing her name to 'Irene
Craigmile' and later to 'Irene Bolam' after she married Guy Bolam of England in 1958. Joe Gervais, based on his own and additional
research presented by others, determined Amelia Earhart had privately decided to end her marriage to George Putnam after her
world flight, and that she had agreed to serve an unknown purpose during her world flight before things went wrong. He believed
Amelia survived the war in Japan's custody, then optioned to lead a non-public life in the United States following the World
War Two era. It is certain that her accounting for her eight years of absence from 1937 to 1945 would have caused complications
not only for for herself, but for the U.S. and Japan as well. After I was endorsed
to meet Joe Gervais by Randall Brink in 1996, I soon found myself with Joe in his famed 'Earhart Den' in his Las Vegas home.
His savant-like Earhart knowledge won me over and we soon became friends and collaborators. We met several times and corresponded
on a regular basis until his passing in 2005. I am proud to have filmed Joe's last on-camera interview. To those who still
choose to ridicule the investigative research and conclusions Joe Gervais offered, just know he was an accomplished pilot
and hero who served in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam before he retired as a Major in 1963. He was also a kind family man
of upstanding character, as well as the most thoroughly devoted Amelia Earhart investigative researcher I ever knew or
The Chosen Instrument by Selig Altschull and Marilyn Bender, Simon &
Though it isn't an Amelia Earhart book, The Chosen
Instrument offers a comprehensive history of Juan Trippe and Pan Am Airways by expounding on the government contracts
consistently awarded to Pan Am in the 1930s and 1940s. It also includes the telling historical quote, "Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart
and Fred Noonan an everlasting mystery." Before Amelia hired him away from Pan Am to navigate
her globe circling flight (that she announced would be her "last great flight") Fred Noonan was considered Pan
Am's top air-over-ocean navigator who co-pioneered its great Clipper service. He was never fired from Pan Am for excessive
drinking as later false-rumors described. Contrarily, he's mentioned several times in The Chosen Instrument in glowing
ways. The original Irene's son, Larry Heller, also went on to become a distinguished Pan Am pilot, and the Irene Craigmile
Bolam was known to have had 'flying privileges' with Pan Am in her later years.
Emile Gauvreau's 1944 classic WWII aviation book, 'The Wild Blue
several curious quotes drawn from Emile Gauvreau's great 1944 book, The Wild Blue Yonder, is one spoken by 1938
U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Claude Swanson in reference to Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance: "This is a powder keg. Any public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion."
Lost Star: The Search For
by Randall Brink
W.W. Norton, 1994
Author Randall Brink collaborated with Joe Gervais for better than ten
years. I was fortunate to meet with and befriend Randall in Seattle not long after his book's publication. I found him to
be a brilliant and intense 'Amelia Earhart knowledgeable' individual. I also found it curious that he was listed among the
personal invitees to Irene Bolam's 1982 Memorial Dinner event. Lost Star is a superbly written account that edifies
the 'executive order seal' placed over the Earhart loss
episode dating back to the time it occurred. Initially published in England, it became an international best seller. Connie Chung profiled it in a CBS special report. On the cover of a reprinted American
edition a review quote reads; "Brink writes of a vast cover-up that got as far
as the White House.... Terrific reading." --Larry King, USA Today. [Note: Lost Star offers the best
introduction to the works of Briand, Gervais & Klaas, Fred Goerner, Buddy Brennan, and Vincent Loomis. It does not point
to a vast conspiracy, rather, it points to an after-the-fact 'let's move on' attitude adopted by those aware of what really
cover of my first 1998 offering primarily based on interviews with Lost Star Author, Randall Brink; USAF Major Joe Gervais (ret.);
and USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (ret.)
Additional Significant Earhart Investigative Books and Publications:
Amelia Earhart Survived by USAF
Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, (Ret.)
The Paragon Agency, December 2003
USAF (Ret.) Colonel Rollin Reineck
was a World War Two hero who flew the last missions over Tokyo just prior to VJ Day. His book, Amelia
Earhart Survived was published in 2003 by the Paragon Agency. It is the second most recent commercially published book
[the most recent one being W.C. Jamesons's Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave published in 2016] to accept the Irene-Amelia
assertion as truth instead of leaving it mothballed courtesy of historical obfuscations. Reineck's book was also the first
to display photos of the 'different' Irene Craigimle Bolams and signature comparisons excerpted from my forensic study. For
decades before he passed away in 2007, Reineck had been considered a top Earhart investigative researcher and was a long
time Gervais collaborator. I was proud to know him and call him my friend the last decade of his life. We spent much time
together after Joe Gervais introduced me to him. Reineck believed Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll of the lower
Marshalls Rattak chain, and after a few days they found themselves in the hands of Japan's Naval Authority. He stated my
forensic comparison study and investigative research analysis is what caused him to finally accept and believe with certainty
that Amelia Earhart did make her way back to the U.S. newly re-identified as Irene Craigmile. His 1991 taped interviews
with Monsignor James Francis Kelley, Helen Barber and Donald Dekoster are essential when it comes to understanding the Irene-Amelia
conveyance. For use in his book, Colonel Reineck referenced my label of 'the Gervais-Irene' for the former Amelia Earhart.
He mistakenly referenced me as a member of the Amelia Earhart Society, something I never was, although Colonel Reineck himself
had been a long time prominent AES member until the publication of his book caused him to fall out of favor there. The Colonel
and I were long time
research collaborators. He freely shared his research information with me just as Joe Gervais did. I miss them both.
Amelia Earhart: The Final Story by Vincent
Loomis and Jeffrey Ethell
Random House 1985
In 1985 Random House published
a book by Vincent Loomis with Jeffrey Ethell called Amelia Earhart: The Final Story. Vincent Loomis also determined
Mili atoll was the place Amelia went down. He concluded she eventually perished in the hands of the Japanese. It was after
reading this book I became more curious about the Irene-Amelia claim. In its text, a sentence appeared regarding the Gervais
and Klass investigative book, Amelia Earhart Lives. It referenced the book's previous implication of Amelia Earhart
having changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile Bolam.' It was a short sentence following a 'dissing' of the Irene-Amelia
conveyance that read: "Yet to this day, the authors (Joe Gervais & Joe Klaas) affirm that they are correct."
I was intrigued by that. What did Gervais and Klaas remain aware of, where fifteen years after their book was all but dismissed
by the press, the two war heroes still stuck to their guns about Amelia surviving and changing her name to Irene? As Gervais
later explained, people assumed it was disproved even though it never was.
Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend by Donald Moyer
Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Donald Moyer Wilson's
book, Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend was first published by Enigma Press in 1999. (Revised and re-issued since.) Wilson
became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War Two era among the Nipponese Imperial Islands while
researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. His book presents a vast collection of personal accounts that described
Earhart's life among Japan's mandate islands given by island government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local
businessmen, common folk and indigenous natives. 'Lost Legend' contains over a hundred different testimonials in all,
including over a dozen eyewitness conveyances. His research also concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll, but
he did not offer a conclusion on what became of them afterward. When I met Don Wilson in Atchison, Kansas at the Amelia Earhart
Festival in 2001, after he reviewed elements from my forensic comparison analysis he supported the logic of Earhart eventually
returning to the U.S. and ending up as 'Irene.'
Stand By To Die; The Disappearance,
Rescue, and Return of Amelia Earhart by Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, The Lighthouse Writers Guild-1985
Robert Myers' book, Stand By To Die; The Disappearance,
Rescue, and Return of Amelia Earhart was published in 1985 by The Lighthouse Writers Guild. Myers wrote about his
friend, Amelia Earhart who he'd met during his mid-1930s adolescent years, and how she became Irene Craigmile Bolam after
she disappeared in 1937. The Gervais-Irene's picture is featured on the book's cover. He actually came to know her as 'Irene'
in the 1970s and he recorded phone conversations they had, some of which Protecting Earhart archived. He also included
transcripts of their phone conversations in his book. Myers was interviewed for comment in the 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey
News Tribune series after the Gervais-Irene died, and was generally portrayed by its reporters as a curious anomally to
the Irene-Amelia story. It is evident those who knew him believed he was sincere and did not make up any of what he claimed
to know. Working against him however, was the generally held literary opinion of his book as a non-linear read, and one
where Myers' personal emotions ran high when it came to the Irene-Amelia conveyance. I have corresponded some with Barabara
Wiley who wrote the book with Mr. Myers; she affirmed Mal Paso (Clint Eastwood's company) had expressed interest in and
even courted Myers' participation to develop a film project based on his story, although it never materialized. No matter,
Meyers, who is no longer living, swore up and down that Irene did confide her former identity to him.
The Earhart Disappearance:
The British Connection by James A. Donahue, Aviation Heritage Library Series-1987
The Earhart Disappearance; The British Connection
by James A. Donahue was published in 1987 by the Aviation Heritage Library Series. A fascinating study to be sure, Donahue
thoroughly researched what he asserted to have been a United Kingdom involvement angle. His book described the likelihood
of an additional British plane, either another Electra or a British Envoy (similar looking from a distance to an Electra)
flown by another man and woman flying team in the same Pacific region at the same time Earhart and Noonan were flying there.
A question was later raised: Did the original Irene Craigmile, Amelia's 'flying pal' serve as the female pilot on the British
sponsored team? Is that how the original Irene Craigmile herself disappeared? Some who support the British-Connection theory
believe this suggestion may hold water. Donahue otherwise suggested the famous British pilot, Beryl Markham (Markham's person
served as the basis for a character portrayed in the film, 'Out Of Africa') who was staying with Jackie Cochran at the time
Amelia was reported missing, as potentially involved on the British end. As well, it is interesting to note that the Gervais-Irene
married Englisman, Guy Bolam in 1958, whose own brother described as a former MI6 operative, suggesting there may have been
even more to Donahue's, 'British Connection.'
Eyewitness: The Amelia Earhart
Incident by Thomas E. Devine, Renaissance House-1987
In 1987 Renaissance House published Eyewitness: The Amelia Earhart Incident
by Thomas E. Devine. Devine had known and worked with CBS Radio's Earhart investigator, Fred Goerner in the early 1960s.
While a U.S. soldier as part of the 1944 occupation of Saipan, he claimed Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra had been impounded
there by Japan, and he described how he actually "witnessed" the U.S. Navy 'intentionally burn it' ...ostensibly
destroying it as evidence. Combine this with the entirely separate claim of U.S. soldier, Robert Wallack (see the 'Additional
Forensic Argument Info' link) who described how he and a few other soldiers blew open a Japanese military safe on Saipan
after the U.S. occupation, and within it they discovered Amelia Earhart's 1937 flight satchel. Even where at all true, getting
the U.S. Navy to admit it ever did such a thing as burn Earhart's plane, still today would be all-but impossible to do.
Devine also boldly implicated 1944 U.S. Secretary of the Navy, James Forrestall as directly involved with the incident. James
Forrestall became U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947, and Devine later claimed Forrestall's previous relationship with the
'Earhart cover-up' caused him great mental duress, and may have led to his curious death circumstances in 1949; a death that
was labeled a suicide.
Witness to the Execution by
T.C. Buddy Brennan, Renaissance House-1988
Renaissance House published the T.C.
Buddy Brennan Earhart book, Witness to the Execution in 1988. (I met and collaborated with Mike Harris for a brief
spell, who led the 1983 Brennan expedition to Saipan with filmmaker, Nick Petrik.) Brennan's book included several 'witness'
accounts, to include an extraordinary one from a Japanese fighter pilot by the name of Fuji Formosa. Mr. Formosa claimed
he had been ordered to fire on a plane similar looking to Earhart's as it approached the Marshall Islands in 1937. Formosa
mentioned he did not know if he hit it, but said he watched it go down near an 'atoll' before he returned to his carrier,
the Akagi. He mentioned how later, other Japanese soldiers conveyed to him it was Amelia Earhart's plane he had fired on.
Another eyewitness in the Brennan book was an old woman who claimed she saw Japanese soldiers execute Amelia Earhart on
Saipan after driving her bound and blindfolded in a motorcycle side-car to a pre-dug grave. The problem is she was the only
eyewitness. Still, Harris did a nice job with Nick Petrik's filmed interviews of reputable people among the Islands who
insisted Earhart had been there. Side-note: Opposers of Formosa's account argued the Akagi was 'dry-docked' at the time of
Earhart's disappearance. It was also hard to accept the person the elderly woman claimed she had witnessed the execution
of, as a side-car transported, bound and blindfolded Amelia Earhart. As Joe Gervais aptly pointed out; "Japan (namely
Hirohito and Yamamoto) never would have handled the Earhart situation that way. If anything they would have coveted her existence
in their company."
Flying Blind by Max Allan Collins, Dutton
known Author, Max Allan Collins (The Road to Perdition, Dark Angel) wrote Flying Blind, a superb historical
novel account of the 1937 Earhart disappearance case. He researched the real story to the hilt, then used his serial detective,
Nathan Heller (no visible connection to Larry Heller, the original Irene Craigmile's son) as the vehicle to tell the story
in real time. It is ironic of course, how after Amelia returned as 'the new Irene' she ended up continuing on with the co-raising
of the original Irene Craigmile's son, Larry Heller..., while in the Collins' book after Earhart disappears, Detective Nathan
Heller hears of the possibility Amelia might have been newly carrying his child when she took off on her last flight. So
much could exist as a mere coincidence in the book, though it's one hard to overlook. In its epilogue, in the 1970s the
elderly Nathan Heller actually meets the suspected Irene Craigmile Bolam and some of her friends for a drink at the same
country club she (the Gervais-Irene) belonged to then near Princeton, New Jersey. Nathan Heller remarked of a peculiar familiarity
he sensed about her, but he had a hard time recognizing the same Amelia he recalled. Still, he had a good time with Irene
and her convivial friends that day, but he added where Irene was Amelia with a changed name, he'd prefer not to know. (Sound
familiar? In 1966 when Joe Gervais mentioned the matter of Irene as the probable former Amelia Earhart to Amelia's sister,
Muriel Earhart Morrissey she replied to him, "Where such a thing would be true Major Gervais, wouldn't it be best just
to leave it alone?") I reviewed Collins' historically informative read, Flying Blind for the Fort Worth Star
Telegram in January of 1999.
Legerdemain by Dave
Bowman, Authorhouse-2005, revised 2007:
David Bowman's 2005 Authorhouse book, Legerdemain offers a great history of Amelia
Earhart's disappearance and aftermath. Mr. Bowman was a member of the Amelia Earhart Society, the now defunct group that
was generally known for being 'non committal' when it came to expressing a concrete viewpoint on what happened to Amelia,
although it has always been dead set against any possibility of her long-term survival. I did not know Mr. Bowman when he
contacted me in 2004 requesting permission to feature a sample from my forensic study on his book's cover. Over time I found
the Amelia Earhart Society's members greatly differing with some of their their ideas, and its founding President, Bill Prymak,
was curious in the way he claimed to be the final 'judge' on what to promote theory-wise. (The AES reminded me of the John
Birch Society in a way.) I granted Mr. Bowman permission to use my material and he duly credited me on the jacket flap. As
predicted, Legerdemain favored no conclusion. I was surprised later, and found it hard to agree with the way Joe
Gervais, Rollin Reineck and myself were referenced in the revised edition of Legerdemain that came out in 2007. Those
who supported the long held Joe Gervais postulation that Amelia changed her name to Irene, were torn to shreds by Amelia Earhart
Society President, Bill Prymak and and his minions. The harsh criticism newly appeared in a thirty page span between pages
363 and 393 with no counterpoint responses sought or included. The re-issued book also recklessly mis-identified credit on
a portion of my study. If anything, Legerdemain somewhat marks the ongoing effort to leave the Earhart forensic truth
as a topic of debate, as opposed to something that was basically figured out long ago, then forensically verified from 2002
to 2006. Legerdemain also incorrectly stated I was an AES member, even though I never was. I met many of the members
and attended two AES functions after being invited to by Bill Prymak, but only because Bill initially appeared to be supportive
of Joe Gervais and myself. I was never interested in joining the AES, people who knew me were aware I worked as an independent
researcher only. Bill Prymak, as the AES President, as if it was always a main agenda of his, worked tirelessly at controlling
the sway of the media and adjusting the public attitude towards all Irene-Amelia information. No doubt because of my devotion
to the now late Joe Gervais, and my long term support of his decades worth of Earhart investigative research, my person
and my efforts ended up singled out by both TIGHAR and the AES in negative ways. Such is life in the world of Amelia Earhart
investigative research, though. Self-proclaimed 'important' Earhart enthusiasts exist out there that not only include Bill
Prymak, but late comer Dave Horner, the dogmatic Ron Bright, Carol Linn Dow, Elgen Long, Richard Gillespie and the list goes
on. They appear to operate from a stance of keeping the American public in the dark with misinformation distribution, especially
when it comes to the most important facts that have long characterized the Irene-Amelia truth. One might even consider,
because of their guarded inside tracks of media influence, they functionally steer the press and therefore the public away
from recognizing and accepting the obvious Irene-Amelia forensic realities. None of them
ever disproved the Irene-Amelia claim, rather, they choose to address the topic as if others disproved it at some point, when
no one ever actually did.
The Earhart Enigma: Retracing
Amelia's Last Flight by Dave Horner, Pelican Publishing Co-2013:
Dave Horner spent several years working closely with the Amelia Earhart Society's ('AES') founder,
the now late, Bill Prymak. Thus, it's no surprise his book steered clear of favorably discussing or supporting the reality
of Amelia's return to the United States as 'Irene.' Bill Prymak's long maintained dogmatic stance toward making sure the public
didn't pay too much attention to the Irene-Amelia reality exudes from the pages of The Earhart Enigma, just as it did
from Dave Bowman's revised edition of Legerdemain. Horner questioned the honesty of the famous Monsignor James Francis
Kelley through comments made by a few people who had known him, to include Kelley's nephew, the now late Red McBride. None
of them were able to come to terms with believing the Monsignor had actually told the truth about his relationship with Amelia,
and why she chose to change her name to Irene during the World War Two era. They passed his conveyance off as if it were delivered
by some lunatic by calling him a "bull-shooter" and one who "tended to exaggertate" among other things.
Dave Horner also consulted with the original Irene's son, Larry Heller who correctly avowed that his mother was not Amelia
Earhart. (Of course Amelia Earhart wasn't his mother(!)) It is evident Dave Horner, who when he began writing his book was
a relative new-comer to the world of Earhart investigative research, ended up subjugated by Bill Prymak's obsession to infiltrate
new Earhart books that supported her post-loss survival among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands. That in itself was fine, for
Bill Prymak had long been known to support the hypothesis. But for some reason, he always vehemently argued against the suggestion
of Amelia Earhart returning to the U.S. with a different identity. Otherwise, Horner's effort appears to be a doggedly over-written
book half-filled with useless information while featuring a miscalculated conclusion. Basically, it contains everything Bill
Prymak accumulated from other investigative researchers (to include much research data from Joe Gervais) ever since he formed
the AES in 1989. Horner did expound heavily on researcher, Darryl Bollinger's work on the story of the 'message in the bottle'
found by Frenchman, Genevieve Barrat when it washed up on the beach at Soulac-sur-Mer in October of 1938, a message that appeared
to verify that Amelia Earhart ended up in the Marshall Islands under the auspice of Japan's Naval Authority. It appears Dave
Horner concluded same, even though he ended up stressing how Amelia likely 'died' over there while in Japan's care--just as
Fred Goerner, Thomas Devine, Vincent Loomis, Bill Prymak and several others had before him. Forensically, Mr. Horner missed
by not addressing the discovered reality of more than one person having been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity, and
the head to toe and character trait congruence the Gervais-Irene displayed when compared to Amelia, although it's likely he
was pursuaded not to by Bill Prymak. When it comes to the full historic record, Dave Horner's book is unique in the way it
includes so many of the less seen Earhart world flight related letters and documents. That was no small undertaking in itself,
surely made easier with the exclusive access Mr. Horner was granted to peruse Bill Prymak's Amelia Earhart Society files.