Earhart ©2017 Irene-Amelia.com
Coming soon: AmeliaEarhartTruth.com
The True Story of Amelia Earhart and her 1930s' Pilot Friend, Irene Craigmile
work relating to Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile is absolutely outstanding. There is no other way to describe it."
Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, USAF (Ret.) on the long term Irene-Amelia forensic
research conducted by Tod Swindell.
Amelia Earhart, 1932
A rare, 1934 photo of Amelia Earhart's long-ago pilot
friend, the original Irene Craigmile
and her son, Larry.
To the reader: In decades past the Irene-Amelia controversy
was as much debated by historians as it was ridiculed. The story has been significantly updated in recent years though and
the information presented here more formally revisits the lives of the once world-famous pilot, Amelia Earhart, and a 1930s
friend of hers, Irene Craigmile.
Above is a 1932 Ohio newspaper photo that features Amelia Earhart
and the original Irene Craigmile with other woman pilots. Amelia, wearing a white V-neck collar is seated on the auto running
board; the original Irene Craigmile, who was not yet a licensed pilot then, is shown second from right in the second row.
Her story is further down.
Believe it or not, and some will continue to defy this
new-realized truth as long as official history goes on ignoring it; above center is a 1970s photo portrait of the former
Amelia Earhart. During the World War Two era she assumed the left-over identity of a 1930s pilot friend of hers, Irene Craigmile.
That's right, she is identified nowhere as 'Irene' in photos taken prior to the mid-1940s. After her 1958 marriage to Englishman,
Guy Bolam, she further became known as, 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.' She was outed for who she used to be in 1970, but was
essentially indomitable in her defiance against it for good reasons. To those raising an eyebrow, this is not hokum. The
Irene shown above was not just Amelia's later life 'look-alike' as some tried to convey after a recent forensic study
displayed she and Amelia's haunting congruence. She was the former Amelia Earhart and she was one incredible human
being. Her death was recorded in 1982.
"Special recognition goes
to Tod Swindell, who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam and Amelia
Earhart to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck,
reprinted from his book, Amelia Earhart Survived.
U.S. Navy Rear Admiral, Ernest Eugene (Gene) Tissot Jr.
"I have carefully studied your presentation. Your conclusion that there were plural
Irene Craigmile's has completely convinced me that this is indeed the case. You have
also convinced me that one of them used to be Amelia Earhart. Incredible. You have quite an impressive package there.
Keep charging - Gene." A note from retired U.S. Navy Rear Admiral, Ernest Eugene (Gene) Tissot Jr. sent to Tod Swindell.
Tissot's father, Ernie Tissot was a friend of Amelia Earhart's who served as her head
plane mechanic during her 1935 Hawaii to Oakland flight. This was Rear Admiral Tissot's response to Tod Swindell's new millennium,
Irene-Amelia forensic comparison analysis that he was among the original key recipients of.
Amelia Earhart's controversial disappearance in 1937 was actually a
missing person case that ended with her being declared, 'dead in absentia' in January of 1939. Today, the recognizable
truth is that Amelia Earhart did not actually die after she went missing. She continued to live-on, she changed her
name to 'Irene' during the World War Two era, and she resurfaced with an updated look in the United States after the war to
embark on a new career in the banking industry. She did this in order to further live privately, away from the public eye.
In effect, the original Irene Craigmile's early-1940s demise was covered over to leave her name and identity available for
Amelia's use after the war years. Her son, who is pictured with her in the top-row 1934 photo, was further raised by a surrogate
mother who he imprinted as his true mother. In the end there were three total women attributed to his mother's same identity;
his biological mother, his surrogate mother, and the former Amelia Earhart. This is displayed clearly further down.
A 1963 photo of the former
Amelia Earhart in Japan reprinted in a newspaper.
Those who continue to contend that she was
the original Irene Craigmile...
...have not thoroughly studied the original Irene Craigmile's past.
The former Amelia Earhart initially began her
new, post-war life in the city of Mineola of Long Island, New York. After a few years she moved to her old stomping grounds
of nearby Great Neck to serve as an assistant vice president at a bank there. [She had lived in Great Neck for several months
in 1924 & 1925 when she was known as Amelia, and of course she often flew out of the airfields on Long Island and started
the Ninety Nines there.] The former Amelia Earhart retired from banking in 1958 when she married Guy Bolam of England, a
successful executive with Radio Luxembourg in Europe. She became a constant world traveler after that.
Absolutely, juxtaposed to the U.S. justice department's
enduring silence about Amelia Earhart's fate after she went missing, both the press and general public are influenced by
imposing forces, to include Amelia's extended family and individuals at the Smithsonian, NOT to pay attention to this newfound
reality. Just the same, it is the truth.
Different versions of the Irene-Amelia story have been around for decades. It began as a national news item in 1970 before
erroneous misinformation led people to believe it was a hoax. Even Wikipedia's Irene Craigmile Bolam page still misleads
where it suggests the controversy over her true identity was finally 'settled' in 2006 by a forensic detective the National
Geographic Society hired. (Nat Geo itself denies this.) It is best to consider what is presented here as if you're hearing
and learning about the Irene-Amelia story for the first time. After all, much of it wasn't publicly known until recent years
and it stands as the most updated, comprehensive, not to leave out 'accurate' version of it. Thank you.
Note: This website and the forensic conclusion it presents
are the copyrighted intellectual properties of Amelia Earhart historian-journalist, Tod Swindell.
Earhart MSS & Forensic Analysis by Tod Swindell, individual copyright registration #'s: TXu 1-915-926; 2014,
TXu 2-061-539; 2017]
From 1996 on, Mr. Swindell endeavored
to thoroughly study the individual life stories of 1930s pilot friends, Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile. Beyond a certain
collection of knowledgeable individuals on the subject, willing cooperation from other key 'knowing' sources he found hard
to come by. No matter, the results of his long term 'forensic research' and 'human comparison study' are nothing short of
astounding. Some may try to claim otherwise, but in doing so they exhibit a limited ability when it comes to recognizing forensically
What Tod Swindell
managed to accomplish in a singlehanded way over the course of two decades--against the grain of conventional reality--is
both amazing and undeniably real. Just the same, many have a hard time believing what they see here with their own
eyes. As Tod says, "...that's ok, after all it reveals a startling, inconvenient historical reality to contend with."
Tod Swindell in 2014
Introducing Tod Swindell, orchestrator of the first-ever, Irene Craigmile
Bolam to Amelia Earhart comparative forensic analysis.
Hello. I'm supposed to briefly write here about my Irene-Amelia
research that spanned the past two decades. (Be it known it is difficult for me to briefly write about anything.)
In 1996, I embarked on what
ended up becoming an indefatigable journey. It originally began when I set out to do a documentary about the late Mrs. Irene
Craigmile Bolam. I believed her long-ago relationship to Amelia Earhart was a forgotten, albeit 'highly interesting' story,
that after making headlines in the early 1970s, seemed to almost magically go away.
I completed my journey in 2017, after learning practically
everything about Amelia Earhart's life and career, and her family and friends; and after learning practically everything about
Amelia's 'old pal,' the original Irene Craigmile as well.
I began researching the original Irene Craigmile's past by examining her brief, mid-1930s
stint as a licensed pilot. I then went to great lengths to research, glean, and gather information about her oft-troubled
life story that began with her birth in 1904, and reached its sad conclusion during the early years of World War Two. I even
twice interviewed the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born and still living son, Larry Heller. The two of us signed an agreement
at his attorney's office in New York City some years ago, and I have his revealing statements about his mother on record.
They include his positive identification of an entirely different person to have been his mother, than was the post World
War Two Irene Craigmile who matched Amelia Earhart, who used his mother's same identity.
Of course, Larry Heller always denied that his mother was
Amelia Earhart. This was true because Amelia did not give birth to him in 1934. Amelia was a very famous person back then
who was rarely away from the public eye. He did acknowledge that his mother had 'known' Amelia, but added that it was his
mother's paternal aunt, a New York attorney by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley who was actually a closer friend of
Amelia's than his mother had been. When we met, Larry Heller was reticent when it came to openly discussing the idea of the
former Amelia Earhart having his mother's identity additionally attributed to her from the mid-1940s on, but as one can see
in the 1982 news article clipping below, he had previously wondered about it. In my 'A Brief About The Original Irene Craigmile'
section highlighted in blue further down, I elaborate more about this. Here
and now though, below the following news article clipping, observe the three different Twentieth Century women who were attributed
to the same identity--that originally belonged to Larry Heller's biological mother, whose true birth name was, Irene Madeline
O'Crowley. [Not "Madelaine" or "Madalaine" as some have spelled it.]
A few months after his mother's death was recorded
in 1982, the article lead-in (left) that was accompanied by the photo of Larry Heller, (right) described how he and his
wife, Joan, after thinking it wasn't true, were "no longer sure" about the former Amelia Earhart and Mr. Heller's
mother having been attributed to the same identity. Another article mentioned how after she died, Mr. Heller actually tried
to have his mother's body fingerprinted but was denied access to it. At his attorney's office some two decades later, Mr.
Heller identified an entirely different person to have been his mother in younger and older forms than the Irene Craigmile
Bolam who proved to be identical to Amelia Earhart, leaving the open-ended question, 'which Irene Craigmile Bolam actually
died in 1982?' Recall how the forensic comparison analysis concluded a total of three different women were attirbuted
to Mr. Heller's mother's identity: 1. His biological mother, who no longer appeared after the early 1940s; 2. His surrogate
mother, who first began to serve as a 'nanny figure' for him in the late 1930s; and 3. The former Amelia Earhart. Check it
The three different Twentieth Century women who were attributed to
the same "Irene Craigmile" identity:
An old newsprint photo of a twenty-six year old, Irene
Craigmile shown in 1930 with her then-husband, Charles Craigmile, who died the following year, and her father, Richard Joseph
photos display the original Irene Craigmile who Amelia Earhart had been acquainted with in the 1930s. You'll see them repeatedly
displayed in this website as most all legible photos of the original Irene before the 1940s were either expunged or appeared
to be of questionable origin. Anymore it is clear that the original Irene Craigmile disappeared from view during the World
War Two years, and from the mid-1940s on, two other women were attributed to her same identity as you will see below.
1934 photo of the original Irene Craigmile and her son,
Clarence 'Larry' Heller.
Below, at his attorney's office in Manhattan, initially in 2006,
Larry Heller positively identified this "Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam" to have been his late-mother in younger and
older forms as she looked in the 1940s and 1970s. The last image on the right superimposes the two photos to show their younger-to-older
forensic congruence. In 2014 Mr. Heller once again confirmed this positive ID placement. It exists in written form by his
Below is the other Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, the 'third' one, who
proved to be a head-to-toe forensic match to Amelia Earhart. She was seen nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
The photo on the far left below was taken in 1946. Larry Heller attested he had never seen it before. The middle photo below
was taken in 1965, the far right image shows the two photos superimposed displaying the younger to older forensic congruence.
Larry Heller affirmed he had seen the 1965 photo, that appeared in the withdrawn controversial 1970 book, Amelia Earhart
Lives, but added how he thought it represented the same person he identified as his mother in the above photos. It turned
out she wasn't the same person. She was the former Amelia Earhart who shared his mother's identity after the World
War Two years, as seen further below and in the multitude of other comparisons the forensic study produced.
Above, Amelia faded from view to become...
...the new Irene Craigmile in 1946
More 1960s and 1970s images of the former
Amelia Earhart living as Irene Craigmile Bolam in the latter half of the Twentieth Century:
1976 in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia
I'm still in touch with Larry Heller, who now lives
in Florida. When I interviewed him he mentioned that he held no photos of his mother showing her prior to 1947. He continues
to shy away from embracing or discussing the plurality attributed to his late mother's identity, even though it is forensically
obvious anymore this was the case.
Moving on, during my journey I also travelled a lot to meet and interview a variety of other key
Irene-Amelia players, some who reckoned her as the former Amelia Earhart, and I shot a ton of great footage while doing
I did not finish my documentary. Presently its elements sit on my office shelf, backed by an in-depth forensic research
and human comparison analysis that took a lot of time, money, and effort to accomplish. My overall achievement is also supported
by some twenty file boxes of additional gathered material I have stacked in a spare bedroom closet. I also own about every
book ever published about Amelia Earhart, to include those that focused on her controversial 1937 disappearance.
'Forgot to mention from 1998
on my Irene-Amelia work has been referenced in a variety of newpapers, internet blogs and websites. In the meantime I also
wrote, refined, and issued a handful of substantial Irene-Amelia manuscripts as well, and though copyrighted, I never formally
published any of them. Here's why: Over the years it clearly dawned on me that people in general did not like the
It's true. Even though my forensic realization proved to be accurate where unknown to the public Amelia's 1930s
friend, the original Irene Craigmile stopped appearing in plain view during the war years--leaving simple math to figure
out who the post war Irene Craigmile was who appeared from out of nowhere and eventually proved herself to have been a carbon
copy of Amelia--what prevented me from delivering what I learned was a common perception of how people actually liked
tracking the 'mystery' that hovered over what really happened to Amelia Earhart, while on the other hand, due to a lack
of support caused by repeated negative overtures about the Irene-Amelia assertion, the same people found it hard to appreciate
(or like) that aspect of it. The curious thing is, hindsight reveals how the 'Irene-Amelia' chapter contained
in the so-called "mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance" was the most significant part of it. Stiil today, however,
the vast majority of people refuse to seriously consider it.
I hope this noticeable common viewpoint changes someday,
because it is the post World War Two true story of the Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam who was the former
Amelia Earhart that ends up lost in the shuffle of it all, and she was one very special life-long individual human being,
far more than any of us ever imagined. For instance, in the 1960s, when she worked with her English husband running Radio
Luxembourg, their station helped introduce the Beatles to Russia by freely broadcasting beyond the Iron Curtain! By golly
Amy Kleppner, Dr. Tom Crouch, and Dorothy Cochrane... wouldn't it be nice if people were allowed to embrace the story of the
former Amelia Earhart, and to love who she lived-on to be?
'Might add here, author W.C. Jameson was incorrect in
his 2016 published book, Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave. Mr. Jameson wrote about me and my analysis in his book,
and while he agreed my conclusion about Amelia becoming Irene was correct, he added--and this was his own incorrect
assumption--that I had yet to present my Irene-Amelia forensic study anywhere, and he further suggested the methodology I
used was questionable.
Had W.C. Jameson reached out to me I would have set him straight. When I began planning my comparison
analysis I consulted with different forensic experts. One suggested I go with the superimposed photos method since physical
body evidence was no longer available. (Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam was purportedly, "cremated and buried in a common,
unmarked grave," according to Rutgers University that affirmed it received Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam's body after her
death was recorded in 1982.)
Digital Facial ID validation, or the comparing of face-prints is practically the same thing as
using true photos for superimposed facial recognition validations. After all, a face print is a face print, and Digital Facial
ID validation is just a newer photographic way to compare them.
The difference in my study's case? I compared entire bodies using the 'superimposed'
photos technique, right down to tear-ducts.
As well, I did display my study and its conclusive results more than a few times, most
notably to the National Geographic Channel team that asked me to do so years before Mr. Jameson's book was published. It's
true, how after learning about my forensic analysis when it was reported on by the Associated Press, Nat Geo asked me to
appear with my analysis on a special it was planning to produce about Amelia Earhart. I agreed to and they covered the cost
to transport my forensic study that included twelve large display panels I described as 'filmable' to them, that visually
revealed how my final conclusion was drawn. They also transported myself along with them, of course, to its filming location
After I set it all up for them, the Nat Geo team gazed at
the study and digested what it forensically revealed. Appearing a bit flummoxed by it all, they then privately conferred
before asking me to take it all down without filming it. One of the Nat Geo producers shyly explained to me, "we
can't say the Amelia Earhart mystery is solved in our program." I replied that the Amelia Earhart mystery was
not solved, but the forensic study proved Amelia Earhart's missing person case was solved. That didn't seem to register
with him, but below the following images I'll explain what I meant by my comment.
One of National Geographic's "Where's Amelia Earhart"
sets in Hawaii
Above, displayed on a National Geographic Channel film set in Hawaii
were six of the twelve panels that featured key elements of my human forensic comparison analysis--that cleanly displayed
the three different Twentieth Century women who were attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity, and how the former Amelia
Earhart, who became known as Irene Craigmile after World War Two ended, appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the
end of the war. Stifling the process of the reveal, after it arranged to have the panels shipped to its filming location,
Nat Geo's producers asked me to remove them from the set before filming commenced and made no reference to them in its final
program edit. Rather, it endeavored to downplay the Irene-Amelia controversy.
Now, getting back to Amelia's missing person case being solved without her
mystery being solved, try looking at it this way: A person suddenly goes missing. The person's family reports it to the police
and it becomes a missing person case. Then one day someone comes upon a body in some remote location, and it is soon after
confirmed that it is the missing person's body. That does not solve the mystery of how the missing person's body ended up
in that remote location.
point I wish to make here is that no one in the public realm, including myself, knows where Amelia actually was or what she
was actually doing from the time she went missing in 1937, until after the end of World War Two, when her body evidence
first displayed itself newly re-identified as, 'Irene Craigmile.' That mystery still remains as high-nutrient food for thought.
To be sure, private investigators drew their own conclusions about what happened to Amelia in past decades, but really, their
final offerings were all just educated guesses.
Oh and by the way, you've heard and will continue to hear a variety of Amelia Earhart theorists
offer other 'Amelia final fate' suggestions such as TIGHAR's Richard Gillespie, who claims Amelia died on a desert island;
or author Mike Campbell, who claims Japan's military executed Amelia; or Ukrainian physicist, Dr. Alex Mandel, who
encourages people to believe Amelia crashed into the ocean and sank in deep water; and a young newcomer by the name Chris
Williamson, who after I agreed to meet with him in 2017 at his bequest, and shared the way I achieved my forensic conclusion
with him, started a club called 'Chasing Earhart,' and announced he was embarking on his own Irene-Amelia study. Today it
appears Chris believes the story about Amelia becoming Irene is his own to deliver in 2019. I suppose he's trying to run
with what took me twenty years to accomplish, but that's ok. Good luck, Chris.
Dr. Alex Mandel
The individuals dispayed above have always been sure
to discount my forensic analysis and the conclusion drawn from it as having stemmed from 'a baseless argument.' Some of them
(among others) actually call the results of my study 'ridiculous' or 'outright untrue' to anyone who asks them about
listen to them. They are the ones not telling the truth.
Simply trust knowing that no one in the public realm knows more about the Irene-Amelia
story than myself.
Very truly yours,
Here again is the original Irene Cragmile in 1934 with her son, Clarence "Larry"
Heller who was born in March of that year. The original Irene became pregnant out of wedlock in 1933 and soon
after married the father to be, her former pilot instructor, Al Heller. Their marriage quickly disintegrated though and was
subsequently annulled. Her son still lives today and he identifies a different person to have been his mother than the woman
seen here, or than the Irene Craigmile who was previously known as Amelia Earhart.
"...because they each knew us both
well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
Above is a 1967 statement issued by Mrs.
Irene Craigmile Bolam. It concerned two life-long friends of hers; early pilots, Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill, who, according
to her own words here, also knew her as 'Amelia.'
The statement came from a handwritten reply she sent to retired USAF Major,
Joseph A. Gervais. Major Gervais, who met her face to face two years earlier, had written her to politely ask if she used
to be known as Amelia Earhart(?) Her handwritten version is shown with Amelia's own high school 'Amelia M. Earhart'
signature inserted under it for comparison. (Amelia's middle name was 'Mary.') This is relatively new information. In past
decades it was confounding in a public way when conveyances about Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam became riddled with misinformation.
This began happening in the 1970s, after questions about her true past managed to become news items.
Considering the original, Irene Craigmile...
"Among the more miss-conveyed accounts
of the Twentieth Century was the true background of Amelia Earhart's long-ago pilot friend, Irene Craigmile. Especially where
it concerned her later-life uncanny resemblance to Amelia. Before we embarked on the forensic study most people had
determined there was nothing to the Irene-Amelia story. Ultimately, and hands down, the results of the study proved there
was a lot to it." Tod Swindell
Below, getting to know the original, 'Irene Craigmile'
The original Irene Craigmile, 1932-1933
A Brief About The Original Irene Craigmile... By Tod
Swindell [Reprinted from his MSS, Protecting Earhart, first WGA registered in 2004, fully copyrighted in 2014, and
again with the final visual forensic analysis version in 2017.]
The original Irene Craigmile's short life was a story lined with difficult
circumstances. Seven years younger than Amelia Earhart, she was an only child whose mother died when she was twelve. Her father
soon remarried another woman who apparently felt uncomfortable with continuing to help raise his daughter, after she had already
been sent to live with her paternal grandmother and aunt in Newark, New Jersey.
school, the original Irene briefly attended Columbia University but did not continue pursuing a higher education for herself.
She also twice became pregnant out of wedlock, the first time at age twenty-one and the second time at age twenty-eight, and
she delivered sons both times that she never had the opportunity to raise or know beyond their childhoods.
Irene's first husband, Charles James Craigmile, tragically died in 1931, less than three years after the two were wed. A year
later, Amelia, who was a good friend of the original Irene's aunt, and Amelia's pilot friend, Viola Gentry, helped introduce
the original Irene to the world of piloting airplanes. This took a hard turn as well, leading to the second of the original
Irene's two unwed pregnancies due to an affair she had with her last flight instructor, Al Heller. The original Irene realized
she was carrying Al's child at the same time she earned her pilot's license in late May of 1933. She and Al were married that
August to legitimize the child, and she barely flew again after that. The couple's marriage soon disintegrated, though, and
it is evident by 1937 any civil communication between the original Irene and Al ceased when Al relocated alone to Buffalo,
New York. The annulment of their marriage and an ugly child visitation and custody battle commenced soon after that as well.
The original Irene Craigmile never had a professional career but she was
employed for awhile as a 'floor walker' at Macy's in the late 1930s, that was basically a low-pay store security position.
The true fate of the original Irene Craigmile remains unknown
in the public arena, but it is certain by the early 1940s, when she was still not yet forty years old she no longer appeared
in plain view, and in due time clear photo records of her person were all-but expunged.
Irene's first born son, that she delivered out of wedlock in 1926 two years before she married Charles Craigmile, was adopted
and raised by her paternal uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley, and his wife, her aunt Violet. The boy's given name was
Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr. He died in 2014. Her other 1934 born son whose father was Al Heller, ended up being raised
by a surrogate mother figure and was placed in a boarding school during the war years. He lives today known as Clarence Alvin
'Larry' Heller, and identifies a different 'Irene' to have been his mother than the 'Irene' who matched Amelia Earhart after
After World War Two ended, Amelia Earhart, who had
gone missing in 1937 and was declared "dead in absentia" in 1939--yet had not actually died--assumed her former
friend, the original Irene Craigmile's left-over identity for herself to use for the remainder of her days.
In other words,
the person who was known as Amelia Earhart was to remain 'legally dead' forever after said declaration was made in 1939, even
though her body lived on until 1982, known in the United States after World War Two as 'Irene.'
Both of the original Irene's natural born sons appeared unaware
of their biological mother's identity being additionally attributed to the former Amelia Earhart after the war years.
Anymore this is the obvious known-truth about
what became of Amelia Earhart, and it is a shame the world public continues to be misled about it.
"Truth is not a mystery -- its greatest secrets
are yours to know through simple honesty and surrender to what that honesty reveals." John de Ruiter
Below: The individual largely credited for starting the 'Earhart truth seeking effort' way
back in 1959, Major Joseph A. Gervais
Tod Swindell and Joseph A. Gervais in 2002,
during what became a decade-long collaboration.
Above left: World War Two pilot
hero and Amelia Earhart historian, Major Joseph A. Gervais USAF (Ret.) at his Earhart award ceremony held on February 5, 2000.
From 1970 on, until his passing took place in 2005, Major Gervais never disavowed his controversial assertion about Amelia
Earhart becoming known as an important woman he met in 1965--and then spent the next five years researching the background
of--Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.
How It Began
Most aviation history buffs
have heard about the World War Two hero who made headlines in 1970 by asserting that Amelia Earhart quietly survived her 1937
disappearance, that she changed her name to 'Irene' during the war years, and that she was alive and well living in New Jersey.
New Jersey woman known as 'Irene' refuted his assertion and soon after it was discredited. In time a running joke also came
to exist over the suggested idea of Amelia Earhart ending up as, "a New Jersey housewife."
While the controversy over
the New Jersey woman faded as years passed, it also remained unsettled and was perpetually argued against until Tod Swindell's
forensic analysis proved it was true, even to the point of obvious, except for the "New Jersey housewife" part.
is a 1982 composite illustration from a news article series that surfaced a few months after Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam died.
Since many individuals continued to view her past as suspect, to include some close friends of hers, the concocted series
was deemed necessary to again steer the curious away from it. At first the series appeared to (once again) openly question
who Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam really was, or used to be, before it (once again) falsely concluded there was nothing
unusual about her. Of note, no physical comparisons were featured in the series that served as a red herring by combining
the likenesses of different individuals to look like one individual. This was twelve years after Joseph A. Gervias' initial
assertion about Irene took place. Twenty years later, in 2002, the Associated Press
issued the first news article to mention the Irene-Amelia comparison study Tod Swindell had recently embarked on. The following
quote appeared in it:
"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not
an ordinary housewife. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled."
John Bolam, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam's survived brother-in-law who had openly questioned her true identity, comments on
the initial results of Tod Swindell's Irene-Amelia forensic analysis in an Associated Press article by Ron Staton.
The 2002 article marked the first national news item to announce the advent of the analysis. [Lead-in to the article below;
see the full article further down.]
"It's funny, and telling how printed news sometimes works, I
never told Ron Staton of the Associated Press that I believed Amelia was, ""captured by the Japanese and secretly
repatriated, living as a New Jersey housewife."" Those were his words, not mine." Tod Swindell
part about recognizing the importance of the new Irene-Amelia forensic realizations:
"After we entered the Twenty-First Century the truth about Irene Craigmile grew to be self-evident,
although one will still not find it in history books or by searching Wikipedia. This is because, evidently,
it was all-but buried many years ago." Tod Swindell
The Original Irene
To the right is the same rare, 1930 photo of the original Irene Craigmile with
her husband, Charles Craigmile, and her father, Richard Joseph ("Joe") O'Crowley. Once a fledgling pilot, Irene
Craigmile and Amelia Earhart became friends through Irene's paternal aunt, a prominent New York attorney by the name of Irene
Rutherford O'Crowley. Attorney O'Crowley was a Zonta organization sister of Amelia's and an occasional 'legal contract advisor'
for her brand-name business endeavors, that included the popular Amelia Earhart luggage line.
The post mid-1940s Irene
This proud looking woman
to the right was not the original Irene Craigmile, but she began using that same name in the mid-1940s. Note: She was
seen nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, and in recent years the reason for this surfaced.
The photos above are all 1970s images of the affluent, enigmatic
woman who was known as Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam. In the 1930s she was known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
"The odd thing is, it's not only true, but over time the truth about Earhart
grew to be obvious. It's just that people have been led to believe otherwise ever since it surfaced in the 1970s."
Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, USAF (Ret.), author of the 2004 book, Amelia Earhart Survived. Colonel Reineck, a World
War Two Joint Chiefs of Staff advisor, first began investigating Amelia Earhart's disappearance in the 1960s.
"Either you deal with
what is the reality, or you can be sure that the reality is going to deal with you." Alex Haley
[noun]: The world or the state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them.
Investigative Authors And Their 'Final Conclusion' Books That Called It Like It Was, Still Is, And Always Will Be...
1970 to 2016, these four nationally published books presented the same conclusion. They each stated that Amelia Earhart quietly
continued to survive after she went missing in 1937, and at some point she changed her name to Irene Craigmile:
|By Joe Klaas with Joseph A. Gervais
|By Robert Myers and Barbara Wiley
|By USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.)
|By. W.C. Jameson
The authors of these books concluded that Amelia Earhart, who went
'missing' in 1937, resurfaced in the United States known as 'Irene Craigmile' following the World War Two years. The most
recent ones by Reineck and Jameson cited the forensic research and human comparison study referenced and partially displayed
in the Irene-Amelia.com website, that has existed on-line since 2007 uncontested, notated it as the first forensic
analysis to provide both logistical and visual evidence of this long subdued reality. This continues to be the case in lieu
of strong opposing forces that prefer the general public not pay attention to the information this website and the books'
In the interim, generally overlooked by those truly interested in this story was the looming
question: "What became of the original Irene Craigmile?" This is where the crux of the true story about
Amelia Earhart exists, for ever since the World War Two era the public has been steadfastly conditioned to believe it was
Amelia Earhart who disappeared without a trace, not Irene Craigmile.
Now it is known it was the original Irene Craigmile's body that forever disappeared,
and in turn, Amelia Earhart's body in its physical form continued to exist until 1982, after assuming the original Irene Craigmile's
left-over identity during the World War Two era. As hard as this may still be for some to believe, it's really that simple
to explain anymore.
The Main Opponents
It is evident the foremost opponents that have steadfastly decried the Irene-Amelia
truth to the public, to include Dr. Alex Mandel, TIGHAR's Richard Gillespie, authors Dave Horner and Mike Campbell, members
of Amelia's extended family, and even constituents of the Smithsonian Institution, [the Smithsonian is a ward of the U.S.
government and therefore answers to it; note how the U.S. government has always maintained an 'official silence viewpoint'
towards Amelia Earhart's disappearance] they prefer for people to believe that Amelia could not possibly have managed to
survive beyond a brief period of time after she went missing in 1937. Instead, in their individual counterpoint ways
they optioned to promote the following three alternate suggestions:
1.) Amelia and her navigator made it to a remote desert island and soon after
Amelia was executed by Japan's military on Saipan, or died some other way while in Japan's custody during the pre-dawn of
World War Two.
After missing their intended destination of Howland Island, the promoted assumption became that Amelia and her navigator ended
up flying in radio silence and eventually ran out of fuel leaving them to crash into the ocean and sink fathoms below the
surface. (This has long existed as the most preferred official viewpoint.)
Setting The Record Straight
Continuing with the reality-based truth about the long-ago 1930s friendship
that existed between Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile, and its eventual mind-boggling outcome...
On The Evolution of Truth
"All truth passes
through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer
On Preventing the Discovery of
"The discovery of truth is prevented most effectively
by preconcieved opinion and prejudice." Arthur
Non-Truthful Flags Thrown
On The Play...
Before continuing on, it is essential
to identify an abjuration movement led by a collection of private individuals since 2006, who commonly aligned to divert
public attention away from accepting Tod Swindell's newly discovered and revealed, 'Irene-Amelia realities.'
Their common objective was clear: 'Steer people away from even considering the idea that Amelia Earhart survived her 1937
disappearance and lived well beyond the World War Two era.' The fellow below plays a significant part within this agenda
Dr. Alex Mandel
A quick note for Wikipedia users:
Wikipedia has it wrong. The truth is, no forensic expert
has ever concluded that the post mid-1940s Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam and Amelia Earhart were different individual human beings.
However, using Wikipedia as a soap-box to distract the public, the man above has managed to manipulate people to think otherwise,
and he neatly skipped-over the other learned forensic realities about Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam as well.
For the past ten years a Ukrainian Nuclear Physicist and self-proclaimed 'Amelia Earhart fanatic,'
Dr. Alex Mandel, has been misleading the public about the Irene-Amelia story on his self-built, self-moderated 'Irene Craigmile
Bolam' Wikipedia page. Fearing Amelia's heroic legacy and reputation might be harmed by the Irene-Amelia truth, he constructed
and launched his page after learning of the forensic study that displayed the reality of more than one Twentieth Century woman
having been attributed to the same Irene Craigmile Bolam identity. Should anyone try to add any of the missing Irene-Amelia
'forensic truths' to his page he is quick to edit them out. His page may have a clean appearance, but it merely presents the
same incorrect concoction about Irene Craigmile Bolam that has been fed to the public for decades.
Mandel actually features the following statement in his article, even though the forensic detective he referred to denies
he ever forensically 'concluded' anything Irene-Amelia wise, nor did he cite "many measurable facial differences"
that enabled him to state such a conclusion. None the less, Dr. Mandel wrote: "In 2006 a criminal forensic expert was
hired by National Geographic to study photographs of Earhart and Bolam and cited many measurable facial differences between
them, concluding that the two people were not the same."
The truth? A forensic
detective by the name of Kevin Richlin appeared on a National Geographic Channel special about the Earhart mystery in 2006,
after he was given a few photos of Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam that were taken in the 1970s. From the start detective Richlin
treated the notion of Amelia changing her name to Irene as if it was a joke, and critized the show's producers for the limited
information he was given to at all evaluate the suggestion. And as mentioned, he ultimately did not forensically 'conclude'
It is individuals of Dr. Mandel's ilk that harm Wikipedia's reputation
and shore-up the adage, "Don't believe everything you read on Wikipedia."
1932, Amelia Earhart And Irene Craigmile In The
repeated from above is the group photo of lady pilots that appeared in The Akron Beacon Journal on September 1, 1932. Irene Craigmile's name is
listed between well known pilots, Viola Gentry and Edith Foltz. Irene had just started taking flying lessons and was not
yet a licensed pilot when this picture was taken. Her husband, Charles James Craigmile had tragically died the previous
year. Amelia, briefly known as 'Amelia Earhart Putnam' after marrying her publicist, George Putnam, is listed between pilots
Dorothy Leh (AKA 'Dorthea') and Abbie Dill.
In the full page enlargement below, Amelia Earhart is outlined in white
and Irene Craigmile is outlined in black.
In Irene-Amelia.com one can learn about the incorrect 'doppelgängers' label that ended up being placed on two former pilot friends, Amelia Earhart & Irene
Craigmile, who looked nothing at all alike when they knew each other in the 1930s, but began to after World War Two
Above: A 1928 photo of Amelia Earhart. She turned thirty-one
that year. The photo shows her with Senator Hiram Bingham at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
Above: A rare newsprint photo of the twenty-six
year old Mrs. Irene Craigmile with her husband and father in 1930
Tod Swindell's 'first ever' Irene-Amelia human comparison study
that commenced in the late 1990s and was considered 'complete' when it was fully copyrighted in 2017, revealed how in the
1920s and 1930s, pilot friends Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile looked nothing like each other. It also showed how eight
years after Amelia Earhart went missing and was declared 'dead in absentia,' Irene Craigmile suddenly began to resemble her
gone friend, Amelia. (Go figure...)
Post mid-1940s Irene + Amelia
mid-1940s Irene + Amelia
Post mid-1940s Irene + Amelia
1976 in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia
Post mid-1940s Irene + Amelia superimposed
Post mid-1940s Irene
Post mid-1940s Irene
Post mid-1940s Irene + Amelia superimposed
Above center is the proud looking, wings-adorned,
Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam as she looked in the mid-1970s. As mentioned she appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene'
prior to the mid-1940s because she had been known as Amelia Earhart before. To date the Smithsonian Institution and Amelia
Earhart's family have chosen not to acknowledge the forensic analysis results. Note:
The same thing happened in the case of Charles Lindbergh with the Smithsonian and his family--until his past alternate identity
of 'Careu Kent' was confirmed in 2004.
The first panel below displays photo images of the post mid-1940s identified
Irene Craigmile Bolam:
The next panel below displays 1920s and 1930s photo images of Amelia Earhart:
The next panel below displays the above Irene & Amelia photo
images superimposed with each other:
Below is a 1965 photo of the post mid-1940s Irene
in Cocoa Beach, Florida taken "a day after she visited some astronaut friends she knew as NASA," according to her
brother in law, John Bolam who lived on nearby Merritt Island. Under the photo, progressing to the right she superimposes
into her former 'Amelia' self.
Below: Gertrude Kelley
Hession and the post mid-1940s Irene in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 1976.
James Francis Kelley, shown in the photo to the right with the post mid-1940s Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, refused to publicly
comment about his "close friend's" possible "dual identity" after she died in 1982.
Monsignor James Francis Kelley and the post mid-1940s
Irene in the late 1970s. Monsignor Kelley was the brother of Gertrude Kelley Hession, who is featured in the above Dubrovnik,
Yugoslavia photo with Irene. Monsignor Kelley was the president of Seton Hall College from 1936 to 1949, and held doctorates
in psychology and philosophy. In a 1991 taped interview with USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, he confirmed that as World War
Two ended he received Amelia back from Japan and helped her to become 'Irene Craigmile.' Earlier (in 1987) he mentioned to
Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Merrill Dean Magley, "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart
speak of knowing Amelia Earhart but I never met her in his company." A comment
from Monsignor Thomas Ivory of West Orange, New Jersey, a past friend of Monsignor Kelley's who presided over his 1996 funeral.
A Head-to-Toe Example
Below, Amelia Earhart with pilot friends, Elinor Smith (middle) and Viola Gentry
(right) in 1932, right after Amelia returned to the U.S. following her solo Atlantic crossing. Viola knew both Amelia and
the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s, and Viola knew Amelia after the war when she was known as 'Irene.'
The following comparison features the post mid-1940s Mrs. Irene Craigmile
Bolam on a bridge in Paris in 1965 as compared to her former Amelia self in 1932 in a head to toe match. She had put some
weight on to her former Amelia frame, but people often do that as they get older.
Below, a 1965 photo of Viola Gentry and Guy Bolam, the
post mid-1940s Irene Craigmile Bolam's British husband who she wed in 1958. The photo was taken in East Hampton of Long
Island, New York.
Relating to or denoting applications of scientific methodology during the course of an investigation in an effort to determine
the true origin of what is being investigated. Example: "They got him on ballistics; a forensic analysis determined
the bullet came from his gun."
That suitable for argumentation in a court of law.
Compared To Amelia:
Personal Character Traits
Once again, the forensic research and forensic comparison results displayed here are part of a long-term
study that thoroughly analyzed each of the above topics pertaining to the historically recognized, albeit 'obscured intertwined
lives' of Amelia Earhart and Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.
During the close-out of the Twentieth Century and as
the new millennium commenced, this first-of-its-kind study was conceived and arranged in order to get to the bottom of a
never disavowed assertion publicly maintained for thirty-five years [1970-2005] by former USAF Captain, Joseph A. Gervais
February 5, 2000; top row left to right: Ronald Reuther,
Tod Swindell, Mr. & Mrs. John Bolam; bottom row, left to right: Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, Joe Klaas, Joseph A. Gervais
author, Randall Brink, first introduced Swindell and Gervais to each other in 1996, resulting in a 'forensic research sharing'
friendship that continued until Gervais' passing took place nine years later. From 1970 to his dying day in 2005, Joseph A.
Gervais never disavowed his assertion that stated Amelia Earhart survived her disappearance without public awareness, and
the World War Two years she
assumed the identity of 'Irene Craigmile,' a past acquaintance of hers. After he met Joe Gervais, upon learning one had never
been done before, Tod Swindell orchestrated a forensic comparison analysis to see if the aged, historically discounted, and
nearly forgotten 'Gervais assertion' about Amelia held any true weight. The results of Tod Swindell's 'first of its
kind' decade long study, samples of which are seen throughout this website, not only proved Joseph A. Gervais was correct
with his steadfast assertion, but too, that his truth was 'forensically obvious' when all was said and done.
USAF Captain Joseph A. Gervais was a accomplished pilot
who flew combat missions in World War Two, the Korean War, and the early days of the Vietnam War. In 1959, while he
was stationed in the Pacific in the area she went missing, he began investigating Amelia Earhart's disappearance
after hearing accounts of her non-publicized 'post-loss survival.' In 1970, by way of the book, Amelia Earhart Lives,
he first publicly asserted his belief that one of Amelia Earhart's long-ago pilot friends, Viola Gentry, had introduced him
to the 'former' Amelia Earhart in New York at a 1965 gathering of early aviators, averring that he recognized her right away.
His claim caused much consternation and was greeted by endless amounts of ridicule in the years that followed. No matter,
having looked into it more than anyone else in the Twentieth Century, as mentioned Joseph A. Gervais died in 2005 never disavowing
his certainty that Amelia Earhart survived her disappearance and changed her name to 'Irene' during the World War Two era. He qualified his statement by offering it was something the general public was
simply, "never supposed to know."
That's the basic truth. After deeply looking into
it, Joseph A. Gervais, who retired from the Air Force as a Major in 1963, ascertained that Amelia Earhart and the Mrs. Irene
Craigmile Bolam he met in 1965 had existed as the same life-long individual human being known
by different names in different eras, without the public knowing about it.
Not only had Joe Gervais heroically
served as a pilot in three wars before retiring from his military career as a Major, but he was also a family man well-liked
and noted for his good character.
Generally unrealized into the new millennium, Joseph A. Gervais' assertion about Mrs. Irene Craigmile
Bolam was never forensically over-challenged. This is because, as it is now plainly evident to see, it was true.
Prior to his passing in 2005, upon Tod Swindell showing him the initial results of the analysis
with his wife, Thelma Gervais, Joseph A. Gervais commented, "It just shows what we've known all along."
One caveat remained:
Over the years people have countered time and again, "what about DNA?"
This proved unavailable.
When she died in 1982, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam donated her body to Rutger's Medical College in New Jersey with a pre-written
stipulation it was only to be accessed by its attending medical technicians. In response to what became of her remains, the
school replied her body was "cremated and her remains were buried in a common, unmarked grave." So just as Amelia
Earhart's body was purported to have 'never been seen again' after July 2, 1937; after Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam died on
July 7, 1982, her body was never seen again either, at least, not by anyone outside the walls of Rutger's Medical College,
according to record.
The catch became, as the analysis also realized and surely displays, there was an original Irene Craigmile who Amelia Earhart knew in the 1930s--whose identity she ended up
assuming for herself to use in the United States after the World War Two years.
Below, two 1965 photos from the post mid-1940s Irene's
personal collection that her later life friend, Diana Dawes, ended up with. Ms. Dawes, who well knew and sometimes traveled
with her in the 1970s, also asserted that her friend, Irene, used to be known as Amelia Earhart. (One of the photos was used
in the previous head-to-toe Irene-Amelia comparison.) Those familiar with Paris might recognize the bridge she's standing
on with her trusty camera always at the ready, just as her former Amelia self used to be with hers. Granted, without the forensic
study in play it would be difficult to recognize Amelia within these images. It's equally hard to believe that Amelia, living
as 'Irene' at her true age of 68 in these two photos, ended up becoming a normal private-life person of her own volition after
World War Two.
is as invisible as the obvious." Richard Farson
the forensic reality of it all now staring back at everyone in no uncertain terms, the time has come to finally acknowledge
the plain truth about Amelia Earhart.
A recent years verified, albeit still repressed historical
Since the early
1970s, the discovery of Amelia Earhart's continued existence as a renamed person after the World War Two era has been obfuscated
and repressed by a variety of strong influences in an effort to keep the general public from embracing it as a historical
None the less, in
the past decade the now undeniable forensic reality pertaining to what became of Amelia Earhart after she went missing
grew to be obvious. Here it is:
There were no less than three different Twentieth
Century women attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity, and one of them, who
appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, had been previously
known as Amelia Earhart. She died in 1982, under a cloud of suspicion that began questioning her true identity ever
since the controversy over who she really was--or used to be--first surfaced in 1970.
The above paragraph presently exists as an under-appreciated
The three Twentieth Century women who were attributed to the same
'Irene Craigmile' identity:
Irene Craigmile 1
Irene Craigmile 2
Irene Craigmile 3
Story Continues Below
Above, the post mid-1940s Irene Craigmile Bolam
flanked by images of her former self at her November of 1970 press conference. She called the conference in order to denounce
the new book, Amelia Earhart Lives that implied she might be the living 'former' Amelia Earhart. She attended the conference
unaccompanied and 'handled the press like an old pro.' Necessarily, she denied she was Amelia Earhart in the present
tense by saying, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart." In subsequent decades it was realized
there were some important international reasons dating back to the World War Two era that protected the knowledge of her previous
existence as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Consider the quote below:
investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington,
leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan
an everlasting mystery." From Bender & Altschul's 1982 Pan Am Airways anthology,
The Chosen Instrument
"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous."
A quote from famous pilot, Jackie Cochran, recalling her friend, Amelia Earhart. Jackie also mentioned that during the year
Amelia was prepping for her world flight she was "closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam."
Jackie's husband, Floyd Odlum helped finance Amelia's 1937 world flight effort.
November, 1970, the former Amelia Earhart, AKA Mrs. Irene Bolam,
ready to take on the press in order to preserve her dignity and the legacy of who she used to be.
"I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart."
Mrs. Irene Bolam was convincing when she stated this at her press conference in response to the assertion made by former Air
Force Captain, Joseph A. Gervais, found in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives shown above in the foreground. Although her
present-tense denial was accepted then, decades later a thorough analysis of her background revealed she appeared nowhere
as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, because she indeed had been previously known as Amelia Earhart.
Above, four years after
she held her press conference, her defamation lawsuit against Amelia Earhart Lives publisher, McGraw-Hill, and separately against Joseph
A. Gervais and the book's author, Joe Klaas, was still "up in the air" as seen in this 1974 headline. Why? Because
Joseph A. Gervais was still asserting that Mrs. Bolam might be the former Amelia Earhart living under a different, post World
War Two 'assumed' identity. Note: Her defamation lawsuit only cited factual errors the book contained about her post
World War Two life that she felt were damaging to her reputation; she did not sue anyone for asserting she used to be known
as Amelia Earhart. When her lawsuit ended by way of a summary judgment in 1975, she paid Gervais and Klass ten dollars
in consideration and the two men paid her the same amount. Why? She ultimately refused to submit her fingerprints as proof-positive
of her identity. It is true however, McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay her $60,000 for the 'damaging' factual errata the book
contained about her post World War Two life. (She had originally sued for $1.5 million dollars.) Again, one will not find
this accurate account by reading history books or doing conventional internet searches.
Above: Again, this contrast-enhanced
newspaper photo of the original Irene Craigmile shows how she looked in 1930. Clear photo evidence of her person was removed
from public view long ago.
Above: Different looks of Amelia
Earhart when she was in her early to mid-thirties.
More on the 1930s lives of Amelia Earhart and Irene
Craigmile, two entirely different human beings who knew each other in the 1930s, then ended up looking like each other after
the World War Two years:
Below: For review, let's go back to the September 1, 1932 edition of the Akron Beacon Journal, with
Amelia Earhart outlined in white and Irene Craigmile outlined in black.
|The Akron Beacon Journal, September 1, 1932
1932, just a few months after Amelia Earhart became the first woman to solo a plane across the Atlantic Ocean, the Akron
Beacon Journal of Ohio featured the above group-photo of women pilots. It displayed both Amelia Earhart and the recently
widowed, Irene Craigmile, a friend of Amelia's who was not yet a 'licensed' pilot at the time. The group was visiting the
hospitalized pilot, Louise Thaden there.
Above: 'Irene Craigmile' is listed between charter 99's
members, Viola Gentry and Edith Foltz. Irene Craigmile only flew briefly and never joined the 99's, the international organization
for women pilots formed by Amelia Earhart and other female pilots in 1929. Amelia was the 99's first president.
Above: After Amelia Earhart married George Putnam in
1931, for a while she went by the name of 'Amelia Earhart Putnam' as listed here between her fellow 99's charter member, Dorothea
Leh and future 'National Air and Space Museum Wall of Honor' honoree, Abbie Dill (Haddaway).
More on the deftly obscured, intertwined
lives of Irene Craigmile and Amelia Earhart...
Reviewing the full-frame 1930 photo of Amelia Earhart's
long ago acquaintance, Irene Craigmile, it shows her standing between her husband, Charles "James" Craigmile on
her right, a Civil Engineer who tragically died in 1931, and her father, Richard Joseph "Joe" O'Crowley to her left.
and Irene Craigmile were married in late 1928. At the time Charles was 38 and Irene was 24.
[Note: The original Irene Craigmile was also known as "Beatrice"
and was nicknamed "Bee."]
Beyond the realization that no clear photos of the original Irene Craigmile exist in the
public realm today, prior to the mid-1940s her life is still researchable. Described to have been born, 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley
on October 1, 1904' [her birth certificate was never located but that likely was the date] Irene was an only child who was
raised by her extended O'Crowley family after her mother, Bessie (AKA 'Bridget') Doyle O'Crowley died when she was twelve.
was listed as "age 14" in the 1920 Census but that was likely incorrect where she would have been 15 when the census
form was filled out by her paternal grandmother, Sarah Rutherford O'Crowley, the head of the household. Like Amelia, the original
Irene attended Columbia University in New York, but only briefly.
In 1926, when the original Irene was twenty-two she became
pregnant out of wedlock. Although she later claimed to have 'miscarried' then, a son actually was born to her and adopted
by her nearby uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley and his wife, Violet, who raised him to adulthood. This enabled Irene's
first born to remain in the family fold, and for her to marry Charles 'James' Craigmile in 1928 unencumbered. [Note:
It is questionable if Charles Craigmile knew his wife previously had a child before his death from appendicitis took place
in late 1931.]
Charles James Craigmile died, he and Irene had been married less than three years. The 1930 Census listed them living alone
together in Pequannock, New Jersey. Charles James Craigmile's occupation was listed "Civil Engineer" and Irene's
was "Keeps House."
In the late spring of 1933, about a year and a half after her husband died, the original Irene Craigmile's
brief stint as a licensed pilot was interrupted when she learned she had once again become pregnant by way of her last flight
instructor, Al Heller, who she subsequently eloped with to wed. After she gave birth to their child in early 1934, a son, according to record
she continued to fly sporadically--but she did not renew her license after 1936. Her marriage to Al Heller
failed quickly as well and was annulled after Irene learned Al was still legally married to another woman when they eloped.
Court records show their marriage annulment, child visitation rights and custody battle was a trying episode that lasted from
1938 to 1942. In the interim of it all, a surrogate nanny-mother figure for their son surfaced. She became known as the 'second'
Irene Craigmile. [Amelia Earhart, who was declared "dead in absentia" in 1939, would become the 'third' Irene Craigmile.]
According to one Diana Dawes in the 1990s, a later-life friend of the former Amelia Earhart, at some point the original
Irene's demise took place and it was covered over so Amelia could further use her identity. Today, when and how the original
Irene's demise took place remains unknown but it likely occurred during the early World War Two years. She and Al's 1934 born
son was sent to live at a boarding school when he was still quite young during the war as well, where he graduated from at
the age of thirteen in 1947.
The original Irene Craigmile and Al Heller's 1934 born son, Larry Heller, first in 2006 at his attorney's
office in New York, then again in writing in 2014, estimated the photo below that he positively identified as his "late
mother" was, "taken around 1940." This person clearly was not, however, his biological mother:
Above: The 'second' Irene Craigmile, "around
As mentioned, Amelia Earhart had been a good Zonta organization friend
of Irene Craigmile's aunt, a noted New York attorney by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley who introduced her niece to
Amelia some time after Amelia became a 'Sister Zonta' in 1928. The 'attorney Irene' was fourteen years older than Amelia,
and according to the same 1920 census mentioned above she was a single woman at that time who lived with her mother, Sarah,
and her teenage niece, the original Irene (nee O'Crowley) Craigmile in the same house.
Another of Amelia's pilot friends, Viola Gentry, shown seated on the original
Irene Craigmile's right in the above newspaper group photo, also knew the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s. Again, although
the rare 1930 photo of the original Irene Craigmile with her husband and father was reprinted from an old newspaper photo,
contrast and brightness adjustments helped to make her unique facial features more identifiable. Note: It was deemed
essential for all clear photo images of the original Irene Craigmile's person to be expunged in order for Amelia Earhart--whose
1939 legal 'dead in absentia' declaration would remain in place--to acquiesce her left over identity value. This
was so she could not be photographically traced in a clear, definable way prior to the mid-1940s.
[Learn more more about the original Irene Craigmile's background throughout
On Her Transition to Irene...
|Sans post-loss adjustments
Above: Hard to believe
but true; the photo on the right is dated '1946.' It was taken shortly after the former Amelia Earhart segued into a different
career in the New York banking industry.
Before, when she was Amelia, she was known for her troubled sinus history
that she endured procedures to correct both before and after she became famous. One was a serious Caldwell-Luc procedure,
and it appears somewhat evident that she had some other work done after she went missing that altered her famously recognizable
visage. For instance it is conceivable a deviated septum rhinoplasty and an upper nose bridge nip-and-tuck that furrowed her
brow took place. Notice her gap-toothed look is also gone. This may seem odd to some, but there was an important
reason for these appearance adjustments. As Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a well know priest from Rumson, New Jersey who
was close to the former Amelia Earhart during her later-life years remarked: "After all she'd been through she did not
want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." Not knowing 'all she'd been through' after she went missing in 1937 and
throughout the war years, it is hard to automatically blame her for coming to feel the way she did. Recall here as well while looking at the 1946 photo, the title of Shirley Dobson
Gilroy's 1985 book, Amelia: Pilot In Pearls.
The beautiful, Mrs. Irene Craigmile
Bolam from in a mid-late 1970s photo portrait. She is typically adorned with her trademark pearls, pendant, and wings. The
forensic analysis conclusively determined she was not the original Irene Craigmile, even though for decades most historians
and Amelia Earhart mystery sleuths believed she was. No photos identifying her as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s exist. This
is because she used to be famously known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
What does the Smithsonian Institution say about this?
Dr. Tom Crouch
The reality of Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence as a renamed person
marks yet another, "Inconvenient Truth"
it is an inconvenient learned historical truth the Smithsonian Institution would rather not have to contend with,
Dr. Tom Crouch and Dorothy Cochrane of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum continue to decry its validity to
the national press circuit. Anymore, however, with the amount of information that has been learned and made public about
it to date [and this is a consistent problem for individuals who are employed by wards of the U.S. government] unless
they are myopic to a significant degree when it comes to the importance of recognizing when a government cover-up has
run its course, Dr. Crouch and Ms. Cochrane surely do realize by now how they are amiss with their tradition of reticent
influence toward the now easy to see and comprehend, Amelia went on to become known as Irene reality.
From Above, The Two Examples Of Superimposed Photographic Exactitude That Combined These Four Photographs To Reveal Their
Individual Irene-Amelia Congruences:
Amelia on the right, age 31
Post WWII Irene
Amelia, age 39, 1937
Post WWII Irene
Post WWII Irene + Amelia superimposed
Post WWII Irene + Amelia superimposed
Above: Senator Hiram Bingham with Amelia Earhart at
Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam in a mid-1970s photo portrait taken at her private development, 'Leisure World' home located in Rossmoor,
Above: Amelia Earhart in 1937, age 39
Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam on August 8, 1965 in front of the Sea Spray Inn located in East Hampton of Long Island, New York.
Photo credit, Joseph A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.)
Above is part of a August 1, 1967 letter from one Elmo Pickerill
to Joseph A. Gervais. Mr. Pickerill describes here how his friend, Irene (Craigmile Bolam) was a "pal" of Amelia
Earhart and Viola Gentry in the 1930s. In the preceding comparison, Irene and Amelia proved to be identical to each other.
But that wasn't true. Anymore it is forensically known that Amelia Earhart continued to survive after she went missing in
1937, and she later assumed the original Irene Craigmile's identity for her own later life use.
"Irene-Amelia.com exists as the most revealing and historically real Amelia
Earhart website on the internet." Tod Swindell
"Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored." Aldous
Legend: 1. A traditional story sometimes popularly regarded as historical
of Amelia Earhart is that she disappeared without a trace in 1937 and she was never seen again.
Fact: 1. A thing that is indisputably the
non-promoted 'fact' is Amelia continued to survive and she eventually changed her name to Irene Craigmile in pursuit of future
privacy for both herself and those who were aware of her continued survival.
Below the following important photograph taken by Joseph A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.) on August
8, 1965 is the story of its origin:
Above: This 35MM color photograph taken in 1965
by Joseph A. Gervais displays the same 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam' shown in the mid-1970s black and white photo portrait
directly below. Mrs. Bolam openly described herself to have been 'a past good friend' of Amelia Earhart to Joseph A.
Gervais when the two met each other that year at a New York gathering of noteworthy pilots from the bygone era. She also commanded
a recognized air of importance among the people she knew or was acquainted with, that included high-ranking military figures
and a variety of other well-known female pilots from the 1930s' Golden Age of Aviation. The forensic analysis concluded
with absolute certainty that this particular Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' or
'Craigmile' or 'Bolam' prior to the mid-1940s. The analysis also shares the true origins of these three names.
To learn about the other forensically determined realities of this Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, who from 1928 to 1937 had
been famously known as Amelia Earhart, continue to examine the results here of the first in-depth evaluation of
her Twentieth Century existence.
The Bender & Altschul Quote:
"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence
in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan an everlasting
mystery." 1982 quote from the voluminous
Marylin Bender, Selig Altschul 'Pan Am Airways anthology,' The Chosen Instrument
Alethephobia: "Fear of Truth"
When it comes to the Irene-Amelia truth, ever since the controversy
over Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam surfaced in the 1970s, historical dictum influences have adroitly avoided it. Senators, Congressmen,
government supported institutions, news media moguls, even Amelia's extended family members have always optioned to quickly
dismiss it out of hand over seriously addressing it. This is mainly due to the 'official silence' devoted to the
topic of Amelia's disappearance from the governments' of the United States and Japan dating back to the World War
Two era. In the new millennium, however, thanks to the undeniable results of a comprehensive forensic research and comparison
analysis, the truth grew to be recognizable to what is now an obvious state, and understanding, accepting, and embracing any
truth once it becomes identifiable, especially if it's an important historical truth, is always best in the long run.
Keeping relative discoveries from the past in perspective, in
the case of Charles Lindbergh's "Careu Kent" alias, he used that name for decades while leading a separate life
without the public knowing until it was verified in 2004, thirty-years after he died.
Three Irenes and the Missing Person
Case of Amelia Earhart
Below, as discovered
and displayed in the analysis results, it turned out there were three different Twentieth Century women who were historically
attributed to the same "Irene Craigmile Bolam" identity:
This is the original Irene Craigmile. She and Amelia Earhart were well acquainted.
|Above middle: The original Irene Craigmile, 1930
Above on the left is the original Irene Craigmile's husband, Charles James
Craigmile, and on the right is the original Irene Craigmile's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.
|The original Irene Craigmile, 1932
Here the original Irene Craigmile is shown next to one of the planes she
learned to fly in. It took her several months to get her pilot's license--she was not the consistent flier that her friends,
Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry were. Right after she was awarded her pilot's license she learned she was pregnant and eloped
to wed the father of her child to be. She was never known to fly a plane again after that. She gave birth to a son in March
of 1934, then no longer appeared in plain view. Her marriage had supposedly failed within a short time period, though a later
account described how her childbirthing process left her in a debilitated state, thus leading her infant son to be raised
by a surrogate mother figure from within her O'Crowley family fold.
What actually became of the original
Irene Craigmile is a valid question to ask. All that is known is after she stopped appearing in plain view her still-living
'identity' was given to Amelia Earhart to further use. Apparently this happened at some point during the World War Two era.
Amelia had been a good friend of the original Irene Craigmile's aunt, a prominent New York-New Jersey attorney by the name
of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley. It appears evident enough, the original Irene Craigmile's aunt had been instrumental in the
transfer of her niece's identity to Amelia.
Above, the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son identified
this woman to have been his 'mother' the way she looked "around 1940," although the forensic analysis made it clear
she was not his biological mother. To date, no one in the public realm knows who she really was, where she came from, or where
she ended up. There is only one known-of postulation offered by Tod Swindell that suggests how her life may have also been
intertwined with Amelia Earhart's in a family protected way. In 1984, a long ago friend of the original Irene Craigmile's
family estimated this particular 'Irene' who she referred to as "Irene Jr." was "born in 1924" and was
'raised' by the original Irene's extended family in Newark, New Jersey. As mentioned. Amelia had been a good Zonta club friend
of the original Irene Craigmile's aunt dating back to 1928, when Amelia first became famous. Below are two superimposed photos
showing the older version of the same woman, also identified by her son as the way she looked in the 1970s.
|Irene Craigmile, early 1940s
|Irene Craigmile Bolam, 1970s
|The two above photos superimposed...
|...display the same person in younger and older forms
The Irene Craigmile and Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam images in this column were identified
nowhere as "Irene" prior to the mid-1940s. In 1958 this Irene Craigmile wed Englishman, Guy Bolam, the head of Radio
Luxembourg. She became known as Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam from then on, or just, 'Irene Bolam.' Whether people choose to
believe and accept it, or to not believe and accept it, this 'Irene' had been previously known as, "Amelia Earhart."
|Irene Craigmile, 1946
|Pre eight-years of aging & a few adjustments.
Above: It wasn't so
hard to find Amelia again behind her Irene facade with a little photo-shop help. Tear-duct to tear-duct the eyes
above aligned perfectly with those of her former Amelia self; all facial lines and creases as well, and as you will continue
to see, necks, shoulders, heights, arm-lengths, hands, foot sizes, handwriting, etc., everything aligned perfectly. As Monsignor
Kelley described it about his late friend, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam in 1987, who was identified nowehere as 'Irene'
prior to the mid-1940s, "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." Who are we to judge or blame her for eventually feeling that way, not knowing a thing about what she ended
up having to endure as World War Two raged on? Looking at the above images, we also recall the title of Shirley
Dobson Gilroy's 1985 book, Amelia: Pilot In Pearls.
|Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, 1965
|Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, mid-1970s
According to record,
Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, while known as "Mrs. Irene Heller," gave birth to a son in 1934. In 2006, at the office
of his attorney, and later again in 2014 in writing, Mrs. Bolam's 'son,' one Clarence "Larry" Heller, positively
identified the woman in the photographs below to have been his 'late mother' as she appeared "around 1940" and "in
the 1970s" according to Mr. Heller himself. The forensic analysis clearly displays she was not the same Mrs. Irene Craigmile
Bolam who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965, nor was she Mr. Heller's biological mother. Originally a nanny for
him, she ended up being a surrogate imprinted as his mother when he was a young child.
Above: Far left and far right, younger and older versions
of the same person shown superimposed in the middle. Identified as "Irene Craigmile" on the left, and as "Irene
Craigmile Bolam" on the right, she was not the original Irene nor was she the former Amelia Earhart.
1946 and 1965 images of the same person shown superimposed
in the middle. Although she had altered her famously recognizable image with some adjustments beyond what aging and style
changes normally do, the former Amelia Earhart is still forensically recognizable here.
|Prior to some World War Two era adjustments...
Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam in 1965
|Irene Craigmile in 1946, FKA "Earhart"
...Amelia in 1937, her former
Note: The forensic
analysis merely displays the truth when it comes to what became of Amelia Earhart. Although it has been consistently shouted down by pseudo Amelia Earhart 'mystery solving theorists'
over the years, to include by some who managed to make a good living by promoting non-truthful ideas
to the masses about Amelia Earhart's loss, it is important to realize how ever since the analysis results surfaced they proved
impossible to over-challenge.
Major Joseph A. Gervais USAF (Ret.), February 5, 2000
A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.), shown in 2000 accepting his achievement award for "Four decades of unparalleled, dedicated
research devoted to investigating the true cause and outcome of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan's 1937 disappearance."
The event was held at Cesar's Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada in front of a gathering of representatives from a variety of Aviation
connected backgrounds, to include past 99's President, Patricia Ward; 1967 successful Amelia Earhart 'World Flight' duplicator,
Ann Holtgren Pellegreno; Amelia Earhart Society President William Prymak; Executive Director of the Western Aerospace Museum,
Ronald Reuther; Overseer of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum, Lou Foudray; Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam's survived in-laws,
Mr. and Mrs. John Bolam; Amelia Earhart Survived author, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck USAF (Ret.); Rear Admiral, Eugene
Tissot USN (Ret.) (whose father was a past chief mechanic for Amelia Earhart) motion picture producer/journalist Tod Swindell;
Joseph A. Gervais' wife and son, Thelma and Gerald Gervais, Amelia Earhart Lives author, Joe Klaas, and several other
At the 2000 ceremony, William Prymak spoke
of Joseph A. Gervais in the following manner: "Joseph A. Gervais is a World War Two flying hero who went on to become
widely recognized as the world's leading authority regarding the subject of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance. A former
aircraft accident investigator, while looking into Amelia Earhart's failed world flight attempt his encounter with Mrs. Irene
Craigmile Bolam and follow-up evaluation of her life history caused an enormous shift to his angle of research."
Above: The former Amelia Earhart living
as 'Irene' in 1965.
how hard it is for some to believe, anymore this is the
know-truth about Amelia Earhart in a forensically determined way.
Above: Amelia in her early twenties, before she
received her pilot's license.
Above: Amelia at age thirty-nine, not long before
she went missing.
Above: Navigator & co-pilot, Fred Noonan
with pilot, Amelia Earhart. On the morning of July 2, 1937 they steered their aircraft in a certain direction and were purportedly
never seen again.
"She was intelligent, articulate, and had a
commanding presence. She knew a lot of important people including many high-ranking
military officers, astronauts and flyers." "She was the epitome of a classy
lady." 1997 quotes from an article about Irene by her survived sister-in-law who believed the subject
of her concern had been previously known as, "Amelia Earhart."
Astronaut Wally Schirra
the late 1970s, one of the original seven NASA astronauts, Wally Schirra, disclosed to Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Merrill
Dean Magley that he had "met" the woman who used to be known as Amelia Earhart at Cape Canveral in the 1960s.
Several years later, when Magley encountered Schirra again he requested a filmed interview. Schirra agreed to be interviewed
on film by Magley and during the interview, Magley asked the former astronaut how he knew the woman he met in the 1960s used
to be Amelia Earhart(?) to which Schirra replied, "reliable people" he knew had confided to him who she used to
be. The woman in question was one 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.' As it turned out, and as you will see here, there
was more than one Twentieth Century woman attributed to this very-same 'Irene' identity.
More superimposed comparisons appear below the following images and descriptions.
the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Sports
promoter, Peter Bussatti in 1982, comments about his 1970s good friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam who had recently died. With many
others, Mr. Bussatti often wondered if Mrs. Bolam used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
Above: Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam and Peter
Busatti in the 1970s.
Below: Another sample from the comprehensive, 'Irene-Amelia forensic comparison analysis.'
Mrs. Irene Bolam, far left; Amelia Earhart, far right;
the two images superimposed, center.
"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New
York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated
in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""Sometimes
I thought she was [the former Amelia Earhart], sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied,
"When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti
mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpted from a 1980s Woodbridge New Jersey
News Tribune article.
Her Own Words...
Additonal lines from Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam's 1967,
non denial-denial she mailed in response to a query letter about her true past from retired USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais:
"I can offer in evidence two people whom you may call for verification
of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia
Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away
completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Note her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart"
as if she likened her previous name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Next: How The Modern View Of
'The Mystery Of Amelia Earhart's Disappearance' Came To Exist...
Beginning in the 1960s,
the modern view of the 'mystery' of Amelia Earhart's disappearance was born from serious research investigations that were
categorically shelved after being greeted by "official silence." Because of this, as time passed the subject of
their concern evolved to exist as an 'anything goes' commodity to Amelia Earhart cottage industries into the new
millennium. None the less, below are the most significant investigative research books from the Twentieth Century that most
thoroughly expounded Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight and its outcome.
About the most prominently recognized Twentieth Century books
to have examined the subject of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance; above left, CBS Radio journalist, Fred Goerner's The Search For Amelia
Earhart was published by Doubleday in 1966 and became a Top-Ten New York Times best seller; above center, Vincent Loomis',
Amelia Earhart: The Final Story was published by Random House in 1985 and well-complemented Goerner's earlier effort;
above right, Randall Brink's, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart was published by W.W. Norton (U.S.) and Bloomsbury
Publishing LTD (U.K.) in 1993 and was touted by CBS's Connie Chung on its way to becoming a best seller in both the U.K. and
All three authors referenced and were
originally inspired by the investigative efforts of former USAF Captain, Joseph A. Gervais, who from 1960-on had been tracking
Amelia Earhart's disappearance in the Pacific region where she went missing. Significantly, Randall Brink collaborated with
Joseph A. Gervais for a decade prior to his book's 1993 release.
Each book concluded that Amelia Earhart and her navigator/co-pilot, Fred Noonan, went down at Mili Atoll
in the Marshall Islands where they were picked up by Japan's pre-World War Two Imperial Naval Authority. Their authors all
cited the 'overwhelming preponderance of evidence' that deemed it so, along with the U.S. justice department's ongoing 'official
silence' dating back to the World War Two era that refused to address it.
Fred Goerner and Vincent Loomis concluded the duo met their demise while in Japan's custody. Randall Brink
drew no hard conclusion beyond the two having been sequestered by Japan as World War Two heated-up. Joseph A. Gervais,
who died in 2005, never stopped maintaining his own conclusion was correct, that at least Amelia Earhart quietly continued
to survive, and she eventually resurfaced in the United States sporting a new identity.
Below is the other most significantly recognized
'Earhart disappearance investigative book' written by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives, published by McGraw-Hill in
1970. Nicely packaged, Joe Klaas primarily focused his effort on the conclusion drawn by Joseph A. Gervais' 1960s' investigative
efforts, albeit in a somewhat casual, if not at times 'reckless' manner. While a terrific, well researched read, Klaas managed
to stray from the point his book was making by chocking it with some fantastic suppositions. This ended up harming not only
the book's credibility, but the credibility of Joe Klaas and Joseph A. Gervais as well. After noticing some awry information
the book contained that libeled the then-living woman known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam,' Mrs. Bolam in turn sued for defamation
and the book was withdrawn, but not before making the New York Times 'Best Seller' list and being nominated for a Pulitzer
Prize. An estimated 40,000 copies were put into circulation in 1970 before it was pulled from the shelves. [The book was republished
in 2006 through the Author's Guild. See more below.]
Above: In 1987,
the aforementioned, Diana Dawes, a former Princeton, New Jersey radio show host who was one of Irene Bolam's better friends
in the 1970s, recalled some revealing anecdotes about her late friend as newspapers around the country marked the 50th anniversary
of Amelia Earhart's storied 'disappearance.' Ms. Dawes mentioned how on a high shelf in Irene Bolam's closet she noticed a
uniform collection of "large leather bound ledger-books with the letters 'AE' embossed on their spines." Notice
in the above excerpt about the "christening dress," the former Amelia Earhart slips and refers to her long gone
friend, the original Irene Craigmile, in a past-tense way.
Another excerpt from a 1987 newspaper article
that quoted Diana Dawes. No one seemed to pay much attention to the fact that almost twenty years after Joseph A. Gervais
first shared his belief that Mrs. Bolam was the former Amelia Earhart on a national news level, the controversy over who she
really was still existed because his assertion about her past identity had never been disproved. Instead, by then United States
'official historians' had learned to embrace the practice of adroitly avoiding the controversy.
On What Is
Now Known, And What Is Still Not Known...
a public sense, the true circumstances of Amelia's 1937 world flight ending--as well as where she was and what she was doing
during the World War Two years--remains unknown. Any information that previously attempted or still does attempt to explain
what actually happened to Amelia Earhart on July 2, 1937--and how she existed the following eight years--has only ever been
based on educated guesses. What is certain anymore is that Amelia Earhart resurfaced in the United States after the
war known as 'Irene,' and she publicly went by that name only until she died in 1982, even after she was outed for
who she used to be in 1970. This is what pure, unadulterated evidence reveals. It is also hard to blame her for denying her
true past when she unexpectedly stood accused, for if she had admitted who she used to be the last twelve years of her life
would have been very strenuous on her. As it was after 1970, her life became strenuous enough. We're talking about a real
person, a real human being, and when she died she knew who she'd become, and who she used to be."
Researcher, Tod Swindell
"To see what is in front of one's nose needs a constant
Zapruder and Gervais: Film Gamma Doesn't Lie
Former clothing manufacturer, Abraham Zapruder
Former USAF Captain, Joseph A. Gervais
Two years after Abraham Zapruder filmed the
assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas; a confounded Joseph A. Gervais, while visiting
the Hamptons of Long Island, New York where he was to deliver a lecture about his research on Amelia Earhart's disappearance,
in an 'impromptu' way boldly pointed his camera to take another history making photograph. Here's how it happened:
Directly below is an
enlarged image of Mrs. Irene Bolam, FKA 'Amelia Earhart' as she appeared in the photograph Joseph A. Gervais took of her in
1965. Originally, and for years afterward the vast majority of people who observed her image here felt she did not resemble
what an older, 'survived' Amelia Earhart would have looked like. No matter, for along with Mrs. Bolam's previous self-admitted 'past association'
with Amelia Earhart that left the more intuitive scratching their heads about her for decades, the new-millennium,
comprehensive forensic analysis that did not commence until over thirty-years after the picture was taken, became its
undoing. The article underneath the photograph details how it came to exist, and why any further it is so historically important.
|Photo credit: Joseph A. Gervais, August 8, 1965
About The Origin Of The Above
Protecting Earhart Chronicles by Tod Swindell
1965, a former U.S. Air Force Captain who had flown missions in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam met the woman in the above
photograph, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, at a gathering of respected pilots from the early days of aviation. The former air
force captain's name was Joseph A. Gervais. He was an excellent pilot who logged close to 20,000 hours of flying time during
his military career. He was a family man as well, known for his solid reputation and good character.
Joseph A. Gervais took the above 35MM photograph of Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam when he met
her on August 8, 1965. He had been researching the facts of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance for the previous five years
when he was invited to the retired aviators' annual luncheon in New York by one of Amelia Earhart's 1930s flying friends,
Viola Gentry had heard about his Amelia
Earhart research quest and asked Joseph A. Gervais to come and lecture to her club, "The Early Birds of Aviation"
about his findings. The 'Early Birds' even paid the air-fare and lodging expenses for Joseph A. Gervais and his wife and children
to make the trip from their home in Nevada. Viola Gentry was not expecting her friend, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam to attend
the luncheon that day, but she did, accompanied by her British husband, Guy Bolam. After Viola Gentry introduced Joseph A.
Gervais to Guy Bolam and Irene Craigmile Bolam at Joseph A. Gervais' request, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam acknowledged to him
that she used to "know" Amelia Earhart and that she had "often flown with her" in the 1930s.
Joseph A. Gervais found Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam curious. He found it odd he never heard
of her before since he new of most all noted pilots from the past, and he also felt she looked hauntingly similar to the way
Amelia Earhart might have looked as an older person. As well, he noticed two small items she wore at the bottom of the 'V'
on her blouse that looked to be military decorations to him; an Oak Leaf cluster signifying the rank of a Air Force Major
affixed next to a square-enameled DFC indicator pin. ['DFC' for 'Distinguished Flying Cross.'] Joseph A. Gervais knew Amelia
Earhart had been decorated with both awards before, and where he had retired from the Air Force as a Major himself, the 'piddle
oak leaf cluster' was most recognizable to him. He also noticed a certain air of importance Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam commanded
among the other club members in attendance.
So taken by Mrs. Irene
Craigmile Bolam toward the end of their conversation, Joseph A. Gervais asked if she would be willing to meet with him again
so she could recall her experiences with Amelia Earhart to him. The somewhat reluctant Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam agreed,
then hand-wrote her phone number on a business card with the name of "Irene Craigmile" printed on it, the name she
was known by before she married Englishman, Guy Bolam in 1958.
his camera at the event, before they parted ways, Joseph A. Gervais asked the Bolams if he could take
their photograph (full frame shown in black-and-white below) causing Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam to turn toward her husband
to see how he felt about the impromptu request. Joseph A. Gervais took the picture just after she turned back to politely
decline, and in the photo one can observe Guy Bolam as he finished responding to her that he, "didn't think it was a
good idea" the moment Joseph A. Gervais clicked his shutter, after which Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam politely said to
him, "I wish you hadn't done that."
Following the luncheon,
during which Joseph A. Gervais' wife, Thelma was seated next to Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, Joseph A. Gervais lectured about
his 'Amelia Earhart disappearance research' to the Early Birds crowd of about 150 people, except for that part of the event,
Mr. and Mrs. Bolam elected not to stay.
Above: The August 8, 1965 photo of Guy Bolam and Mrs. Irene
Craigmile Bolam taken by Joseph A. Gervais as it appeared in the 1970 controversial book, Amelia Earhart
1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry with Guy Bolam on August 9, 1965, the day after Joseph A. Gervais met and took his photo
of Guy Bolam and Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam. This photo was taken by Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' [Photo
courtesy of Diana Dawes.]
Above left to right: Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, and Viola
Gentry from the New York City Mid-Week Pictorial in 1932. The photo was taken upon Amelia's return to the U.S. after
her successful Atlantic Ocean solo-flight crossing, a fete that left her the first woman to achieve what Charles Lindbergh
became the first person to do in 1927. Elinor Smith and Viola Gentry were two of Amelia's good pilot friends and fellow charter
perplexed about her after he returned to his home in Nevada, Joseph A. Gervais began looking into Mrs. Bolam's past. He
also scheduled a few times to meet with her again, and she agreed to, but each time she failed to show at the designated
time and place. Inevitably, Joseph A. Gervais never personally encountered Mrs. Bolam again after that 1965 day.
Five years after they met, Joe felt he had discerned enough lacking and otherwise contradictory
information about Mrs. Bolam to assert that his hunch was correct, where she could only be the 'somehow survived' Amelia
Earhart sporting a new identity.
Many people called Joseph
A. Gervais 'crazy' after a 1970 book publicized his belief, and Mrs. Bolam herself sued him, albeit unsuccessfully on a
personal level, with the final resolve being ten dollars of consideration exchanged by both parties. It is true that the
book's publisher, McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay Mrs. Bolam a high five figure sum, but it had nothing to do with its book
implicating her as the former Amelia Earhart. Instead, Mrs. Bolam's attorney cited the book, that was published without
Mrs. Bolam's participation or authorization, unjustifiably suggested his client was a "bigamist" and "a traitor
to her country."
After the five-year
lawsuit ended, that had included the odd stipulation, "no questions about Mrs. Bolam's existence from prior to 1937
were to be asked," as the years continued to pass the controversy over who Mrs. Bolam really was or used to be refused
to go away, and Joe's assertion that she was formerly known as 'Amelia Earhart' proved impossible to over-challenge as well.
Follow up investigators tried, but they couldn't do it. So much left Joseph A. Gervais spending the rest of his life until
he died in 2005, maintaining that he was correct about the woman he met and photographed in 1965 having been previously known
as Amelia Earhart, adding at the same time it was clearly something the general public was 'never supposed to know.'
A year after Joe's passing,
when the early forensic study results became known in Earhart research circles, the National Geographic Channel surfaced to
downplay the controversy over who Mrs. Bolam really was without offering a hard conclusion.
Ultimately, Protecting Earhart's study revealed how this same 'Mrs.
Irene Bolam' that Joseph A. Gervais photographed in 1965, seventeen years before she died in 1982, did forensically match
Amelia Earhart, and that she was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, leaving the additional deductive reasoning
to enable a basic forensic conclusion.
|Amelia under the nose of her Lockheed Electra 10E, 1937
|Different angle and look from the same series, Amelia Earhart, 1937
| Any further there is no doubt...
|...in the veracity of the Amelia/Irene head-to-toe forensic alignment
Amelia and her later-life self, Irene Bolam superimposed with each other from Protecting Earhart's forensic comparison analysis.
The head-to-toe and character trait congruences the analysis displayed outed the same individual human being going by different
names in different eras.
The first national news mention (2002) of Tod Swindell's then-recently
embarked on forensic analysis:
(Full article below.) The first national news item in the new millennium (2002) to acknowledge the ongoing controversy over
the late Mrs. Bolam's true life-long identity. Issued by the Associated Press, Tod Swindell, mentioned in the third paragraph
down, had recently lectured to an Amelia Earhart symposium gathering at the Oakland, California Air and Space Museum. There
he discussed 'officially withheld particulars' about Amelia's flight ending and the preliminary results of the 'Irene-Amelia
forensic analysis' he had recently embarked on. Note: This article was published before the analysis forensically confirmed
there had been more than one Twentieth Century woman attributed to the same 'Irene' identity.
the late 1990s, after I first got into this I was amazed to learn there had never been a serious forensic evaluation of
Mrs. Bolam's full life story--or an in-depth analysis that compared her character traits and physical person to that of Amelia
Earhart. After she died in 1982, a so-called 'investigative news article series' about her ran for two weeks in an
east coast newspaper, but it proved to be a concocted effort that intertwined fact and fiction within its sordid attempt to
white-wash Mrs. Bolam's true past. The forensic analysis I orchestrated and participated in is authentic
and took over ten years to complete. Its findings, against the grain of conventional history, were astounding to say the
least. After consistently being shouted down by naysayers and non-believers over the years, the study's obvious conclusion
now speaks for itself." Tod Swindell, 2018
The article continues below. From above, it's worth
noting where the U.S. government's "official position" was described in the article, the U.S. government never
actually offered an official position or explanation pertaining to the Earhart-Noonan disappearance matter. "Most
likely they perished at sea" was the closest thing to any opinion ever offered or implied about their disappearance,
although specifically tracing it to a U.S. government source who was willing to stand by it as more than a passing comment
proved impossible to do.
Below: Five years
later, in 2007, right after Tod Swindell and the late Mrs. Irene Bolam's 'son,' Larry Heller executed a right to option agreement
in New York, the Arizona Republic caught wind of it. A major breakthrough had occurred when Larry Heller, at his attorney's
office in New York, identified an entirley different person to have been his late 'mother' than the Mrs. Irene Bolam who forensically
matched Amelia Earhart. Never before had people realized there was more than one person identified as the same 'Irene' with
the one who matched Amelia having surfaced in the mid-1940s from out of nowhere in the U.S., all be her with Mr. Heller's
mother's same identity applied to her. Larry Heller was born in 1934 and always maintained his mother was not
Amelia Earhart. Of course he was correct. Amelia was quite a public figure in 1934 and she certainly did not give birth
to a child that year. Yet as verified by Mr. Heller, Amelia definitely did know his biological mother in the 1930s. See more
about the "original" Irene, Mr. Heller's true mother further down.
Below is a stamp series issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands
in 1987, commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan's arrival there on July 2, 1937 and Japan's
rescue of the duo. Accordingly, approximate to the time Japan picked them up, the Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937,
pitting the U.S. against Japan and exacerbating the already difficult situation the world flight team found
|The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
|Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and retrieval at Mili Atoll
Note: Most seriously regarded by aviation history scholars,
the 'Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshall Islands' account initially rose to prominence in 1966,
after CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner published his controversial Pacific Islands findings about Amelia Earhart's
flight ending in his best-selling Doubleday book, The Search For Amelia Earhart.
From 1962 to 1965, Fred Goerner made multiple trips to the Pacific region
where Earhart and Noonan went missing. He also received help and guidance from U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz, who had
been placed in charge of the Marshalls when the U.S. occupied them in 1944, and who verified to Goerner that the flying duo
ended up there in July of 1937.
Above: Fred Goerner's 1966 classic Earhart book remained on
the New York Times 'Best Seller' list for twelve straight weeks.
There were two different presented outcomes within the 'Marshall Islands' conveyance.
Fred Goerner's original 'Marshall Islands' ending suggested how after the duo was picked-up they
were incarcerated by Japan and later perished while in its custody. In 1970, however,
an updated version suggested that Earhart and Noonan were surreptitiously sequestered and 'kept safe' by Japan as the Sino-Japanese
War commenced, and they remained that way until their quiet liberation's took place toward the end of World War Two.
Along this vein as their individual stories continued, they changed their names and began new careers upon resurfacing
in the United States, thus enabling them to further live their lives out of the public eye.
Three decades after Fred Goerner's assessment took place, author Randall Brink,
who devoted over a decade to deeply evaluating both Marshall Islands scenarios, published his best selling W.W. Norton book,
Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart. Brink, whose extensive findings concurred that the duo went down in the
Marshall Islands, pragmatically left the door open to the possibility of Earhart and Noonan's private return to
the U.S., elaborating he found it hard to readily accept that Japan would have handled Amelia Earhart so recklessly since
she was a worldwide recognized 'hero' there in the 1930s, just as Babe Ruth had been.
Above: Randall Brink's 1993 book, Lost Star: The Search For
Amelia Earhart was a best seller in England and the United States.
Below: Best selling author, Max Allan Collins, who wrote The
Road to Perdition that went on to become a major motion picture starring Tom Hanks, deeply researched Amelia Earhart's
disappearance in order to write his 1998 historical novel, Flying Blind. Next to the book image find Tod Swindell's
review of Flying Blind that appeared in the Fort Worth Star Telegram.
Below: Some opinions expressed by Mrs.
Irene Bolam's legally recognized son who had been asked 'not to attend' the press conference' his mother held in 1970...
Above, a clip from the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune
series about Mrs. Irene Bolam that ran a few months after she died. Here, Mr. Heller's wife, Joan expressed her doubts about
her mother-in-law's true life-long identity. Another article in the series described how Mr. Heller had requested to be allowed
to get his mother's fingerprints (that he later confirmed he did attempt to do) from Rutgers Medical School in New Jersey
where she had donated her remains, but "permission was denied." A follow-up communication with Rutgers generated
a reply stating how Mrs. Bolam was subsequently "cremated" and her ashes were interned in a "common, unmarked
|Photo of Larry Heller that appeared in the Tribune series.
This particular article, one of many that appeared
over the course of a two week span in October of 1982, was revealing of how the contorversy over Larry Heller's mother's identity
never went away. Robert Myers, who is mentioned above, had met Amelia a few times in the mid-1930s in California, and he also
met the Mrs. Irene Bolam in question decades later and swore from that time on, based on what she had privately conveyed to
him, that she had been previously known as Amelia Earhart. Initially Larry Heller was taken aback by Mr. Myers' suggestion
about his mother, until he and his wife, Joan began questioning her true past as well.
In 2006, Tod Swindell, curious as to
why no one ever pressed Larry Heller further about his late mother's life-long identity, met twice with Mr. Heller in New
York. Below is an abbreviated account of what transpired during the second meeting at the Manhattan office of Mr. Heller's
In 2006, Tod Swindell engaged the 1934 born 'legally
recognized son' of Mrs. Irene Bolam, Mr. Larry Heller, with an agreement assigning Mr. Swindell the exclusive right to option
Mr. Heller's version of his mother's life story. Mr. Heller received financial remuneration from Mr. Swindell in exchange
for his signing the agreement. Shortly after the deal was struck, at his attorney's office in New York City on April 6 of
that year, Mr. Heller positively identified the woman below in both younger and older forms as his "late mother."
His ID placement revealed a serious conflict, for the woman Mr. Heller identified as his "mother" was not the same
Mrs. Irene Bolam who the forensic analysis unveiled as the 'former' Amelia Earhart. This was a major breakthrough, especially
where Mr. Heller also confirmed how his mother and her aunt, I. R. O'Crowley, (who had raised his mother from the time she
was twelve) had both known Amelia Earhart in the 1930s. As it turned out, unknown to the public, the 'mother' who Mr. Heller
identified below and the former Amelia Earhart had the same 'Irene' identity attributed to them after the World War
Two era. See more about this directly beneath the photographs.
Previewing The Monsignor Kelley-Amelia Earhart Connection
Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996)
"Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?" Father Kelley: "That's right, yes." USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck
(Ret.) asks former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, who replies about his late close friend,
Mrs. Irene Bolam. [Excerpted from a 1991 tape recorded conversation between the two.]
A decade earlier, after Mrs. Bolam's passing took place
in 1982, Monsignor Kelley had responded to questions from the press about the ongoing suspicion of her 'past dual identity'
in the following manner:
Monsignor James Francis Kelley introduces LPGA
golfer, Janey Blalock to Pope Paul VI
Monsignor Kelley with then New Jersey Governor
Brendan Byrne and his wife, Jean; Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn and his wife, Luisa; and the LPGA's, Sandra Palmer
Monsignor Kelley with First Lady Betty Ford and
|The former Amelia Earhart, Jamaica, 1976
|Monsignor James Francis Kelley and the former Amelia Earhart, 1980
Above left is the former Amelia
Earhart in Jamaica, 1976. Above right, the former Amelia Earhart with her later-life close friend, Monsignor James Francis
Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey. Monsignor Kelley came from a wealthy background and owned properties in the U.S. Virgin Islands
and Jamaica. As 'Irene' the former Amelia Earhart was known to visit him at both places, especially the Monsignor's beautiful
home in St. Croix, U.S.V.I.
Monsignor Kelley was the President of Seton Hall College from
1936 to 1949 and was largely credited for its 1950 conversion into a major university. In 1979, for the first time on record,
Monsignor Kelley described to his good friend, Donald Dekoster, an auto industry executive, that he had helped with Amelia's
quiet return to the U.S. after VJ Day and he had been "instrumental" with her name change to 'Irene.' He added that
he had served as her "psychiatric priest" as well. [Monsignor Kelley held doctoral degrees Psychology and Philosophy.]
The former Amelia Earhart was initially known as 'Irene Craigmile' after the war until she married Guy Bolam of England in
1958, who oversaw the operation of Radio Luxembourg. Guy died in 1970, at which time the former Amelia Earhart took over Guy's
former position with Radio Luxembourg.
Tod Swindell did one, no one had ever conducted a serious forensic analysis of Joesph A. Gervais' controversial assertion
about Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam's past.
On Brutal Honesty
In her 1986 autobiography, One More Time, Carol Burnett wrote of Tod
Swindell's father, newspaper journalist and author, Larry Swindell, how beyond being one of her "best friends" at
UCLA, "Larry was one of the most brilliant people I had ever met. He was always brutally honest with me, and I didn't
dare ask him what he thought of one of my performances on campus unless I really wanted to know."
Consider Tod Swindell's own 'brutally honest' conveyance
about Amelia Earhart as something that emanated from 'a chip off the old block.'
Larry Swindell, Carol Burnett, and 'Apple Annie' DeNeut in Eagle Rock, California, 1984. It was Larry Swindell who came up
with the catchphrase term, "Protecting Earhart." In the late 1990s, Carol Burnett's company, Kalola became interested
in Tod Swindell's collaboration with best-selling Amelia Earhart author, Randall Brink. Kalola travelled three representatives
to Las Vegas where Tod introduced them to famous Earhart historian, Joe Gervais, who Randall Brink knew well and had worked
with for over a decade. Ninety Nines' member, Margaret Mead was one of the Kalola reps who attended the meeting, and she soon
after found herself heading to the Marshall Islands to participate in an expedition with Joe Gervais and a few other Earhart
mystery devotees. Kalola ultimately decided the controversial nature of Amelia Earhart's old missing person case was
not a good fit for a company that generally pursued non-controversial subject matters. Carol Burnett is an iconic 'Earhart-like
figure' herself though, having blazed her own trail to become the first woman to host a prime time musical variety series
on major network television.
Click on the photo below to go to The
True Story Of Amelia Earhart By Tod Swindell.
|Image credit: Sir Charles Cary
About Tod Swindell
Born in Yonkers, New York, Tod Swindell
was raised in Southern California and Bucks County, Pennsylvania. A Cinema Arts graduate of the University of Arizona, his
interest in Amelia Earhart's disappearance escalated in the early 1990s when he was researching stories for the CBS television
series, 'Miracles and Other Wonders' hosted by Darren McGavin. The show's premise was later spun into, 'Encounters of the
Unexplained' hosted by Jerry Orbach, that featured some of Tod's original research in an episode devoted to Amelia Earhart's
1937 disappearance. A veteran of the motion picture industry, beyond specializing in the research and development of film
properties, Tod also works as a free-lance journalist with published articles on the subjects of sports and pop-culture.
His major film production work began with Universal's Desperado westerns for NBC, Executive Produced by Walter and Andrew
Mirisch. For several years he made MOW's around the country for Desperado Films, Inc., eventually serving as its corporate
President while also heading its story rights acquisition division. His producer credits include The Woman in the Moon, The
Legend of the Phantom Rider, Ghost Rock, and Spin. His credits on numerous other productions include Geronimo, Major League,
Six Days and Seven Nights, and Tin Cup. His past television series work includes The Young Riders, Legend, The Game, and The
Magnificent Seven. Tod holds the registered copryrights on his Amelia Earhart intellectual properties that eclusively features
his self-conceived, 'multi-layered' Irene-Amelia forensic comparison analysis. He also owns the Grizzly Adams trademarked
brand that is partnered with the Vital Ground Foundation. He is the son of Texas Literary Hall of Fame member, Larry Swindell,
and former Equity Theater actress, the late Eleanor Eby. His grandfather, the late Earl Eby was co-head of Lux Video Theater
in the 1950s. Tod is married to his Aether Pictures, LLC production partner, Julie Magnuson Swindell. The two split time between
their homes in Los Angeles and the Pacific Northwest.