New For 2020: The Subdued Reality of Amelia Earhart

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
All Of Us 'Earhart Truth' Idiots
A Word About The Irene-Amelia Forensic Analysis Results
The Reality of Amelia Earhart Versus 'Freedom of the Press'
The Stealth Amelia Earhart We Never Knew...
What President Roosevelt Knew, What The FBI Knew, & Amelia's Sister On Her friend, 'Irene'
About Tod Swindell
The Truthful Words Of Monsignor James Francis Kelley About Amelia Earhart
About The 'Original' Irene Craigmile
The Universal Truth About Amelia Earhart
False 'Amelia Earhart Mystery' Prophets Versus 'The Truth'
Past 'Important' Amelia Earhart Disappearance Investigations
Comparing Amelia Earhart To Irene Craigmile Bolam
Amelia Earhart: A True Story
1982 Irene Craigmile Newspaper FRAUD Uncovered By The Swindell Study
Reality Check: The 'Missing Person Case' Of Amelia Earhart

New For 2020

This website previews an in-depth 'Twenty-First Century Objective Analysis' of Amelia Earhart's 1937 'disappearance' and subsequent 'missing person' case. Over the past two decades it grew to become the most comprehensive study to ever examine both topics. It is also the first to provide a bona fide answer to what became of Amelia Earhart.



Below, to help understand the importance of the analysis (and the importance of the image above) we need to revisit a controversial story that made national news some fifty-years ago. The 'news story' originally surfaced in November of 1970, before it turned into a lawsuit that lasted five-years and reached the New York Supreme Court--until ending with a curious, 'inconclusive' summary judgment.
The following article appeared on Amelia Earhart's 77th birthday, July 24, 1974, four years into the lawsuit it referred to as, "still up in the air" at that time:   


The main 'up in the air' issue still at hand then, incredibly enough, was to answer the question of whether or not Amelia Earhart actually survived her 1937 disappearance and went on to assume another identity, that of 'Irene Craigmile' who was very much alive at the time, shown in the lower right portion of the article identified as 'Irene Bolam'. ('Bolam' became Irene Craigmile's new surname after a 1958 marriage.) Note that Digital Face Recognition technology was not available back then.


The 1974 'Earhart Case Still Up in the Air' article began this way:
"By Kathy Chandler 
Press Staff Writer  
MONROE TOWNSHIP -- Nearly four years have elapsed since Mrs. Guy Bolam was identified by two Air Force officers as Amelia Earhart, the famed aviatrix who was lost over the Pacific during a 1937 round-the-world flight, but the courts have yet to decide the matter once and for all."
Really? Hmmm...
After four years the court still couldn't figure out if the person in question, Mrs. Irene Craigmile-Bolam, was or wasn't the former Amelia Earhart(?)
Think about that. Sure it could have. Easily... if it wanted to.
People familiar with the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy from the 1970s, likely recall hearing about Irene Craigmile, the fledgling 1930s' pilot who in 1965, averred she used to 'know' and had 'often flown' with Amelia Earhart.
Now, the results of a recently conducted 'Digital Face Recognition' comparison study have determined there was more than one person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile' identity. Definitively, combined with ID placements made by Irene Craigmile's extended family, DFR verified this reality.
The analysis also verified that one of the Irene Craigmile's appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the end of the World War Two era. As well, and significantly, according to the new study results the one that only appeared as 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two actually did exhibit a complete human congruence to Amelia Earhart, the famous pilot who had gone 'missing' in 1937. 
Previewing this newfound reality, according to the photographic record of her person, here are some pictures of Irene Craigmile showing her at different stages of her life prior to the World War Two era:


Above & Right: Irene Craigmile is shown next
to her husband, Charles J. Craigmile, in 1930.
Below she is shown at earlier stages of her life.





Where the above photo images seem to significantly vary from one another, they should. The analysis discovered that prior to World War Two, photographs of Irene Craigmile's person were scarce and inconsistent when it came to recognizing the same person in each one of them.
Otherwise, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile's photo images were consistent from the mid-1940s on, all the way to the 1980s. Not to omit, the analysis results evidenced the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile's congruence to Amelia Earhart, to any further exist on an obvious to observe level. Take a look:  

Below: A Digital Face Recognition grid shows
Amelia Earhart's face template gradually
trasforming into the post-World War Two only
Irene Craigmile's face template from 1965:

AMELIA, 1937




Above, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile visiting
Long Island, New York, in 1965. [Joseph A. Gervais photo.]
She was indentified nowhere as 'Irene Craigmile' prior to
World War Two because she used to be, 'Amelia Earhart'.

 Here are a few more examples featuring Amelia Earhart
compared to her post-World War Two self as 'Irene Craigmile':


Senator Hiram Bingham
& Amelia Earhart


Distiguished and proud with her trademark wings and pearls.






Below, a 1967 handwritten line from the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile, describes two pilot friends she knew in the 1930s when she was known as 'Amelia Earhart' whom she knew again in her later-life years whe she was known as 'Irene Craigmile'. The line is cryptically phrased but displayed how she recognized herself to be a different person in her post-war years.

The pilots she referred to were Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill, who both knew her as 'Amelia' in the 1930s, then again as 'Irene' in her later years.


Below is Amelia's own 'Amelia M Earhart' signature
the way it appeared on a form she filled out in high school.
The likeness of both handwriting styles was not a coincidence
because they were written by the same individual. 


Note: As an adult, Amelia's handwriting varied significantly depending on who she was writing to or the circumstances she was dealing with. It could be neat and formal or rushed and loopy. As Irene her handwriting style was the same of course, although she was more consistently 'neat.'

Below, from the Character Traits comparison study, some of the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile's cursive letters are shown on the left, and some cursive letter samples from when she was known as Amelia Earhart are shown on the right:







Note: The above comparisons are part of the extensive Document Examination portion of the analysis. 

Intro to the Comparison Analysis
The few samples above are part of a large scale 'head-to-toe physical' and 'character traits' Irene Craigmile to Amelia Earhart forensic comparison study achieved during the past two decades. The complete study determined an overall congruence existed between the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile and Amelia Earhart, to the point of exhibiting one in the same human being who went by different names in different eras.
Most who remember the controversial 'Amelia became Irene' assertion making national news in 1970, had dismissed it at some point. When the Twentieth Century came to a close, however, the debate over who Irene Craigmile really was, or used to be, had not gone away, and the comparison analysis was called for when it was realized the 'Amelia Earhart became known as Irene Craigmile' assertion was never  forensically settled. As well, there was no record of a human comparison analysis having been done before.
A current lack of awareness about this is mostly attributed to the combined posturing of the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society. From the beginning, both made no effort to prove the controversial 'Amelia became Irene' assertion true or false after it surfaced. Instead, they automatically refused to endorse it, let alone take it seriously. Hindsight shows them favoring a viewpoint suggesting it was absurd to even consider the idea of Amelia Earhart somehow surviving her 1937 disappearance and assuming a different identity. (A shared viewpoint that never changed much.) 
The 'pro' argument included Amelia Earhart changing her name during the World War Two era not only for the sake of her future privacy, but in the interest of post-World War Two era 'geopolitical politeness' as well, so countries recently at war with each other (in the former Amelia Earhart's case, Japan and the United States) might better segue into their new, friendlier and more supportive relationships.
The 'New Millennium' research analysis thoroughly reviewed the key findings of formidable 'Earhart disappearance investigators' from years gone by. It was also the first one to orchestrate and then feature a comprehensive, Irene Craigmile as compared to Amelia Earhart forensic display.


Tod Swindell and Joseph A. Gervais in 2002.
Joe Gervais was a distinguished USAF pilot
who served in WWII, Korea, and Vietnam
before retiring as a Major. After investigating
Amelia Earhart's disappearance for a number
of years, in 1965, he discovered the truth about
Amelia's survival and name change to Irene upon
meeting her, except when he tried to go public with
it in a 1970 book he was reviled for doing so. No
matter, to his dying day in 2005, Joseph A. Gervais
never disavowed that the Irene Craigmile he met
and photographed in 1965 had previously
been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'


Above is the 1965 Joseph A. Gervais photo of
Englishman, Guy Bolam, and his American wife by
their 1958 marriage, the post-war only Irene Craigmile,
the way it appeared in the 1970 controversial book by
Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives.


The unprecedented, 'Amelia Earhart compared to Irene Craigmile' analysis was conceived and orchestrated by independent researcher, Tod Swindell. Not only was his the first comprehensive, Amelia versus Irene analysis on record, it was the first to use Digital Face Recognition technology combined with physical and character trait comparisons.

The final results revealed the post-World War Two only 'Irene Craigmile' most definitely had been, previously known as, Amelia Earhart.

Amelia, Amelia as Irene,
and the 'Overview Effect'
By Tod Swindell
© 2020
As the Twentieth Century came to a close it was realized the assertion stating the post-war only Irene Craigmile used to be known as Amelia Earhart was never disproved.
Now, all evidence indicates she actually was the former Amelia Earhart.
When the Irene-Amelia controversy first surfaced in 1970, it was swiftly shouted-down by the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile and the extended families of both Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile. The post-war only Irene also sued the people who called her out against her will. Then, after exhibiting her strong defiance--and handling the national news media like a pro--even though she never offered any real proof showing she was not the former Amelia Earhart, the press left her alone from that point on.
This is not to imply that she enjoyed the process of refusing to acknowledge her famous past. Rather, she had grown so accustomed to her 'private life' existence by 1970, she merely wished to keep it that way. As well, her later-life close acquaintances, (including her sister, Muriel) whom were aware of who she used to be, fully supported her. In her mind and theirs, the Amelia Earhart who history recalled had ceased-to-be decades ago. It would have been all-but impossible for the post-war only Irene to claim such a mantle again in 1970, or anytime after that... for as long as she continued to live.
It is clear the former Amelia Earhart treasured her reborn existence as a non-public figure who was able to fit-into and function in everyday society. Make no mistake, though, she was still an extremely proud individual--and she had every right to be. She had recognized, during her famous career as a pilot, her own 'Overview Effect' of experiencing an earth from above that featured no international boundaries--the same way astronauts have repeatedly described it since the 1960s. Reading Amelia's final book, Last Flight, that she wrote during the course of her 1937 world circumnavigation, profoundly illuminates her forward thinking in said manner.
She could be a tough customer, though, both as Irene and when she was Amelia. As Amelia, she feared no one in the 1930s, including President Roosevelt, and to control-tower operators she was known to sometimes 'swear like a sailor' over her two-way radio during landing approaches if she sensed any degree of incompetence. 
Twenty seven years ago, in a 1993 'Amelia Earhart Society of Reseachers' newsletter article, the post-war only Irene's later-life sister-in-law by virtue of her marriage to Guy Bolam's brother, who suspected his sister-in-law to have been the former Amelia Earhart, described her in the following manner:
"People liked her immensely, and would proudly introduce her to others. She was intelligent, articulate (except for occassional salty and sometimes acerbic language), and had a commanding presence. She knew a lot of important people, including many high ranking military officers, astronauts, and flyers." "After Guy died in 1970 (the post war-only Irene's British husband by their 1958 marriage, Guy Bolam) she continued to manage the Radio Luxembourg accounts while trekking around the world." "Her Christmas cards told of the places she had been that year, or the ones she intended to visit next. She thoroughly enjoyed life, people, events, theater, travel, new heights. She was the epitome of a "Classy Lady". Yet we believe that foremost they [Guy and the post-war only Irene] were friends and protectors of each other, and perhaps the keepers of each others' secrets."
Both as Amelia and later as Irene, her superior intellect was noticeable in many ways. She spoke several languages, and though not particularly religious she once described her conceptualization of 'God' as, "not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal force, eternally present, and at all times available."
In her later life years as Irene, she was a devotee of the writings of Carl Jung, the famous philosopher who was known to divide life into segments, i.e. from age one to age twenty; from age twenty to age forty; from age forty to age sixty... etc. 
In short, this was one extraordinary person who lived a long, meaningful, very full and diversified life.


Above left, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile, AKA "the former Amelia Earhart" in 1964 at a Zonta gathering. Above right, she is superimposed with her former 'Amelia' self.

As it turned out, the original Irene Craigmile, who looked entirely different than Amelia Earhart, met her demise during the onset of World War Two. Anyone who takes the time to seriously research her full life story will realize this.

Here, the conclusion delivered by the analysis left it crystal clear: There was more than one Twentieth Century person attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity and the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile matched Amelia Earhart in every haunting detail.

In other words, the comparison analysis results on their own revealed the truth about what became of Amelia Earhart after she was declared 'missing' in 1937. Said truth being, the obscured demise of the original Irene Craigmile left her identity available for Amelia's use.

Beyond that, there is still much 'filling in the blanks' left to be done, although the forensic research portion of the analysis managed to better illuminate some of those voids as well.

Here again, the below left photo shows Amelia Earhart the way she looked in 1937. The below right photo shows the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile combined with Amelia Earhart. The other 1965 photograph beneath them features the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile, who, whether or not people care to accept the reality of it, did used to be known as, "Amelia Earhart."





The post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile was not the original Irene Craigmile. Since 1970, however, when she was correctly implicated to have been the former Amelia Earhart, her denials left people believing her enough to where further suspicion toward who she really was, or used to be, was deemed unnecessary. This is why no one felt conducting a human comparison study was necessary then.
Except the controversy over who she really was never went away. In the meantime, the U.S. federal government offered no opinion about it. Yet as time continued to pass the results only grew clearer, to a point where to keep denying the obvious truth of Amelia Earhart living on and becoming known as 'Irene' ...was to remain in denial.

"All the admirals and generals seemed to know her."
Above, LPGA promoter, Peter Bussatti, in 1982, comments about his good friend, the post-World War two only Irene Craigmile, who used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
Below: The post-war only Irene with
LPGA promoter, Peter Busatti in 1975



Above left, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile; Above center, the post-war only Irene & Amelia superimposed; Above right, Amelia Earhart

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, "When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned how, ""All the admirals and generals seemed to know her."" Excerpted from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article where when interviewed, Mr. Busatti openly commented about his suspicion that his 1970s' friend, Irene Craigmile Bolam used to be known as, "Amelia Earhart."


"The original Irene Craigmile barely flew at all during her oft-troubled 1930s years. Compared to Amelia, she was a veritable nobody back then as well. It would have been unrealistic for her to later become a member of the affluent New York Wings Club, let alone be distinguished like royalty there among her peers. Of note, the people who knew the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile as the former Amelia Earhart, and indeed the were some who did, were always respectful of who she used to be." Tod Swindell


While some important sounding individuals still try to convince the public otherwise, the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society continue to downplay the 'Amelia became known as Irene' story as well. Both the Smithsonian and Nat Geo have long been aware of the Irene-Amelia controversy though, and here, it is interesting to note how neither has ever offered a conclusive statement about it. 

Below is a photo of the original Irene Craigmile holding her 1934 born son. The original Irene Craigmile's demise was obscured in order to give the still-living, Amelia Earhart, her identity to use after World War Two. The general public was initially persuaded to believe this wasn't true by the former Amelia Earhart herself after she was outed against her will in 1970.
By way of the new millennium study, Amelia's name-change to 'Irene' became an easy to recognize truth within the conveyance of what ultimately became of Amelia Earhart after she went missing in 1937.


Here is a brief time-line of the original Irene Craigmile's 1930s existence that left her identity available for Amelia Earhart's later-life use:
1.)  In 1931, the original Irene Craigmile's first husband, Charles Craigmile, died from a sudden illness.
2.)  A year later, in 1932, the original Irene Craigmile began taking flying lessons with guidance offered by Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry.
3.)  In 1933, the original Irene Craigmile became pregnant out of wedlock.
4.)  Purportedly, the photo above shows the original Irene Craigmile holding her March of 1934 born son. She had eloped to 'shotgun' marry the boy's father, one Al Heller, who had served as one of her flying instructors, but their marriage was subsequently annulled after it was learned Al Heller was still legally married to another woman who he also had children with.
5.)  By 1937, Al Heller had relocated alone to the distant city of Buffalo, New York. Estrangement and a legal 'visiting rights' battle began between he and the original Irene over their 'son' at that time.
6.) After enduring her mid-late 1930s' struggles that led to battles with alcohol and depression, by the time World War Two began the original Irene Craigmile had slipped into oblivion.
7.) In 1993, a later life friend of the original Irene Craigmile's family, Diana Dawes, spoke of the original Irene Craigmile's death occurring and being 'covered over' in order to enable Amelia Earhart to further use her identity. (Amelia had also known the original Irene Craigmile's prominent aunt through the Zonta organization.) Her 1934 born son was still young enough to be imprinted with a 'surrogate' mother figure at the time, whom he recognized as his 'natural mother' ever since. As well, at his young age during the World War Two years, the original Irene's son was placed in a boarding school, where he graduated from in 1947.
8.)  With the post-war 'former' Amelia Earhart helping to endorse the process, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller, the 1934 born son of the original Irene Craigmile, grew up to become a pilot for Pan Am Airways. His father, Al Heller, ended up becoming a senior vice president of the Miami Aviation Association. Note: Miami was a major Pan Am hub for many years and of course, Fred Noonan, Amelia's world flight navigator, had been one of Pan Am's chief navigators for its overseas Flying Clipper service before he left to navigate for Amelia. (The old rumor that Fred Noonan was fired from Pan Am for drunkeness and Amelia threw him a bone was not true. In his day, Fred Noonan was among the best air-over-ocean navigators in the world. He was selected and was 'asked' to participate in Amelia's world flight.)
"It is true how in the mid-1930s, for a brief period of time the original Irene Craigmile was a fledgling pilot who was acquainted with Amelia Earhart. What remained unrealized was the way her personal struggles, followed by her premature demise, became intertwined with Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence after she was declared 'missing' in 1937. This observable reality that finally managed to surface in recent years, is the most important historical discovery about Amelia Earhart's disappearance and missing person case ever made." Tod Swindell
Below is a 1932 Akron, Ohio newspaper photo showing Amelia Earhart outlined in white and the original Irene Craigmile outlined in black. In the enlargement one can see how the original Irene Craigmile's image is completely unreadable. At the time this photo was taken, the original Irene Craigmile was not yet a pilot and had yet to begin taking flying lessons. [Learn more about the original Irene Craigmile's life story further down.]



The 1937 disappearance of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan was ranked by the Associated Press as one of the top ten news stories of the Twentieth Century. In the United States, no definitive answer to what became of the two was ever given. Overseas, however, in the region they went missing, a consistent account has always existed pertaining to what actually happened to them, one perpetually avoided by official United States historians.

The complete analysis supplemented its human comparison findings with new avenues of investigative research, all of which had a game changing effect on the decades old, never resolved, 'Amelia Earhart compared to Irene Craigmile' debate. It expanded on many testimonials gathered from overseas and from U.S. soldiers who served in the Pacific theater during World War Two, to include the words of U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz, all of whom relayed their common assessment (in Nimitz' case, 'awareness') of Amelia's ongoing survival in Japan's care after her disappearance.

Directly below, observe a 1987 postal stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of Earhart and Noonan's rescue in the lower Marshall Islands accompanied by a 2002 news article clipping:  



Below, barely a week after "Victory over Japan Day" in 1945, a United Press article suggested a glimmer of hope existed where a final answer to what happened to Amelia Earhart might be forthcoming. Underneath it, Robert Gorlaski's 1981 WWII Chronicles book featured an Amelia Earhart box describing the general consensus of different things people believed when it came to what happened to Amelia, without offering a solid answer. Notice in both 1945 UP article and the Gorlaski book, a Marshall Islands 'mention' was included. As well, noticed under the box about Amelia Earhart, the description of the Marco Polo Bridge incident taking place just five days (July 7-8) after Earhart and Noonan went missing, that by July 11 was turning into a full scale invasion and conflict. It was during that brief time period that Amelia and Fred Noonan were 'picked up' by Japan's Naval authority.   




Here, let's take a look at more of the Amelia Earhart disappearance and missing person case information the Study either uncovered or shed a better light on:


Above: Former long-time FBI Director, the
indomitable, J. Edgar Hoover, (1895-1972). See
samples from his WWII Earhart file further down.

Directly below, from 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books expounded on the reality of Amelia Earhart continuing to live-on and changing her name to 'Irene Craigmile' after she was reported 'missing' in 1937. However, after the controversy over what really became of Amelia began to surface in the 1960s, the United States 'free press' was persuaded by a politburo-like influence traceable to then FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover, not to deeply investigate her world flight outcome, or to at all express a certain opinion about it.
Hard to believe but true, this is how the 'mystery of Amelia Earhart' was reborn in a modern sense, and why the American public has never seen its own national news media seriously investigate the 1960s discovery of Amelia's ongoing existence as a renamed person. At the same time, none of the following books were ever legally over-challenged where they concluded Amelia lived-on to become known as Irene Craigmile. [Notice they didn't get supportive press coverage either.] Here they are:


The 1970 Joe Klaas book inspired by the investigative research of Joseph A. Gervais, cited Amelia Earhart survived and became known as "Irene Craigmile." Joseph A. Gervais, who always stood by his discovery of Amelia living as 'Irene Craigmile' after the war, collaborated with Tod Swindell's forensic study during last decade of his life, (1996 to 2005).


This 1985 book by Robert Myers and Barbara Wiley, also cited that Amelia Earhart survived and became known as "Irene Craigmile."


This 2004 book by USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), was first to credit The Swindell Study's discovery of plural Irene Craigmile's, while also agreeing that one of them was the 'former' Amelia Earhart after World War Two.  


In tribute to the three previous book authors, after looking into it himself, author W.C. Jameson's 2016 effort as well averred Amelia Earhart lived to become known as 'Irene Craigmile.' His book also acknowledged the pending completion of Tod Swindell's twenty-year forensic study he had yet to observe. 

Samples from the World War Two FBI file on Amelia Earhart:


As noted, the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives was primarily focused on the decade-long investigative research of Joseph A. Gervais. Above is a personal response to Gervais from an inquiry he sent to J. Edgar Hoover in early 1969 asking for any information the FBI might have on Amelia Earhart. Hoover's response was typical, although after he died in 1972, the World War Two FBI file on Amelia Earhart, that he had personally controlled, was at least partially released after the FOIA of 1980. Several documents stressing Amelia's ongoing existence during the war under Japan's stewardship were contained in the file, as were responses and inquiries from Hoover about them. Names and specifics were carefully blacked out on each one. One December of 1944 document (displayed on the right) pulled from the file told of of recovering soldier's conveyance of an awareness he had gained of Amelia Earhart still being stewarded by Japan at that time. 


The soldier referenced above, (his name blacked out) who was recovering at Walter Reed Hosptal in Washington DC in late 1944, was interviewed by an FBI agent at the bequest of J. Edgar Hoover. To the FBI agent, he described his awareness of Amelia Earhart's war time existence in Japan's charge based on information he learned during a pre-war time experience he had while stationed in the Phillipines and his later internments in Japan POW camps. This is just one of several documents from the WWII FBI Earhart file that featured different U.S. soldier accounts describing Amelia's ongoing survival. J. Edgar Hoover personally followed up on each one, but was careful to not make any of them public. 


Above is an excerpt from the top-right document. Below is J. Edgar Hoover's personal response to the document; one he forwarded to the War Department's Assistant Chief of Staff on January 19, 1945, courtesy of Brigadier General, Carter C. Clarke. He was careful not to openly project an inordinate level of confidence in the soldier's testimony, as was his m.o. for all war-time conveyances of Amelia's ongoing existence in Japan's care.


Again, the documents above mark just a sampling from among several located in the FBI's World War Two file on Amelia Earhart, that conveyed Amelia's continued existence under Japan's stewardship during the war years.



Tod Swindell


"She was not an ordinary housewife." John Bolam, 2002.

Alethephobia: Fear of truth; fear of discovery; fear of possible bad news.
In devaluing the truth about what became of Amelia Earhart after 1937, jesting that she became "a New Jersey housewife" hampered people's ability to take it seriously. Even though her post-World War Two existence was far from that of a common housewife, in 1970, this distraction was originally instilled by the former Amelia Earhart herself--leaving the national press circuit to repeat it ever since. Take a look:


"Five years into my Study, regarding the above Associated Press article lead-in, it's ridiculous how printed news sometimes works. The point being, I never told Ron Staton that I believed Amelia Earhart, ""survived a crash landing in the Marshall Islands, was captured by the Japanese and secretly repatriated, living as a New Jersey housewife."" Those were his words, not mine. While I've always respected the plausibility of Japan's quiet, temporary stewardship of Amelia Earhart after she went missing, when Ron Staton asked me what I thought happened to Amelia, all I told him was I believed she survived and in due time changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile.' I never called her 'a New Jersey housewife,' nor did we discuss how Amelia might have ended up in Japan's care or how she made it back to the United States. In fact, I barely spoke to him. Not to leave out, the person Amelia became in her later-life years was no ordinary housewife. For instance, in the 1970s she was President of the Advertising Division for Radio Luxembourg--that sported the most powerful broadcasting tower in Europe. Yet, one has to give her credit there. She was always very smart and wasn't about to relinquish the private life existence she had fought hard to earn for herself after World War Two. People forget that she she never came forward to volunteer who she used to be. Rather, she was called out in 1970, and that really angered her. Who could blame her?" Tod Swindell


Above: Amelia Earhart


Again: The original Irene Craigmile
between her husband and father in 1930

The Swindell Study results allowed important, non-recognized truths about Amelia Earhart's eighty-year old missing person case to finally surface with clarity.

The main one concerned Amelia's past acquaintance, Irene Craigmile, whose obscured demise ended up playing a crucial part in Amelia's full life story.

Essentially, this website profiles a long-term investigative journalism effort. It features the key results of a twenty-year concerted analysis embarked on in 1997, that was aimed at objectively looking into the odd 1937 disappearance and subsequent 'missing person case' of Amelia Earhart more thoroughly than anything prior to it. It was also the first to deeply examine the life-story of the original Irene Craigmile, who Amelia Earhart was acquainted with in the 1930s.

The Study concluded that the original Irene Craigmile died before World War Two began, in tandem with the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile having been a different human being who matched Amelia Earhart to a "T" ...because that was who she used to be.

 Ultimately, the Study forensically proved something initially discovered and revealed fifty-years ago; that Amelia Earhart survived her disappearance and became the 'new' Irene Craigmile after World War Two.





The post-war only Irene Craigmile was not forensically compared to Amelia Earhart until after 1997, the year Tod Swindell embarked on his study of Irene Craigmile's life and her past friendship with Amelia Earhart. Above, superimposed photos using Amelia's image shown next to Eleanor Rooselvelt (left) displays an inarguable face template congruence. 

Above left, Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart. Above right, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile and Amelia Earhart superimposed.


Senator Hiram Bingham
& Amelia Earhart


Amelia & the post-war only Irene



The post-World War Two only
Irene Craigmile in 1977. Notice her
proud stature, air of self importance,
and prominently displayed pilot wings.
She was identified nowhere as Irene
Craigmile prior to the end of the war,
because she had previously been
known as, Amelia Earhart. 


How The Irene-Amelia
Controversy Began
In 1965, Joseph A. Gervais, a retired air force major, had been deeply examining the facts of Amelia Earhart's disappearance for some time when he met the post-war only, Irene Craigmile. He photographed her because he was startled by her look, sensing that he recognized her as the survived Amelia Earhart going by a different name.
Their meeting took place at a New York gathering of pilots from the golden age of aviation, some of whom were friends of Amelia's before she went missing. Beyond her strong resemblance to Amelia, Joe Gervais also noticed the respect she commanded among her peers and the "natural air of self-importance" she carried a bit curious.
After conversing with she and her British husband, Guy Bolam, he couldn't help asking if she used to know Amelia Earhart? She replied "yes," that she used to be a pilot who "knew" Amelia Earhart and she had "often flown with her." He found her reply odd because he knew a lot about Amelia Earhart and other pilots from Amelia's era, but he had never heard of an 'Irene Craigmile' before.
Still wondering about her afterward, Joseph A. Gervais did a thorough background check on Irene Craigmile. In doing so he discovered there was an Irene Craigmile who briefly held a pilot's license in the 1930s. As well, though, he discovered that the one he met in 1965, most definitely was not the original Irene Craigmile.





Tod Swindell

"It is normal for people to believe that Amelia Earhart likely died in July of 1937. After all, since the early World War Two era the general public was conditioned by history itself to accept that Amelia 'disappeared without a trace' then, and she was never seen again.
Except, that never actually happened.
Even though history says Amelia Earhart was 'never seen again' after she took off from Lae, New Guinea on July 1, 1937, and she was declared "dead in absentia" in 1939, through a reveal that has been gestating for some time we now know that Amelia Earhart did not die back then. Instead, reality states she quietly lived-on after she was declared 'missing' in 1937, and in time she assumed the left over identity of Irene Craigmile, a past acquaintance of hers. This is the truth about what became of Amelia Earhart after she was reported 'missing' on July 2, 1937." Tod Swindell

Investigative Journalism


Investigative Journalism is a chronicled investigation of a high-profile, unsettled topic of interest. 

Its subject might concern a major unsolved crime, political corruption, corporate wrongdoing, or an unresolved issue of historical importance.

Investigative journalists may spend months or years researching and preparing a report. In their pursuits they use original, systematic research angles dedicated to unearthing withheld or secretly stowed information in order to tip the scale of justice in the right direction. 

Investigative journalism most often relies on the heavy use of public record searches and sleuthing.

The objective of investigative journalism is to deliver correct accountability by overchallenging an incorrect, 'a priori' formed opinion.

/a priori/ adjective 1. relating to or denoting reasoning or knowledge which proceeds from theoretical deduction rather than from observation and experience.


The historical basis for the 'a priori' established opinion of what happened to Amelia Earhart:

On the morning of July 2, 1937, Amelia Earhart, while airborne in her plane, sent a clear radio message stating her line of position, '157-337,' adding she was "running north and south" ostensibly along that line. At the time she was looking for Howland Island, that she never did find. According to the official record of her missing person case, these were the final known words that Amelia Earhart spoke, and she was neither seen nor heard from again.

Even though this version of what happened to Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan, has been disputed ever since the event of their loss occurred; and even though it was later verified that President Franklin Roosevelt's administration withheld certain details it knew about Amelia's final flight ending, including how Amelia ultimately decided to "head north" after not finding Howland, so much made it clear the White House was aware of a different outcome for the duo other than its, "they disappeared without a trace" influence, the official record of Amelia Earhart's and Fred Noonan's loss never changed.

Amelia's last officially recorded radio message of 'we're on a line of 157-337, we're running north and south' sent on the morning of July 2, 1937 as she tried to locate Howland, was the only final detail of her last flight the American public was given, and it came directly from FDR's White House a full year after the event of Amelia's loss occurred, and only after it was requested by Eleanor Roosevelt. [True story.]

With such limited information to go on, by the time World War Two began public opinion could only assume that at some point after she stated her 157-337 line of position, Amelia crashed into the Pacific Ocean at unknown coordinates--and she and Noonan died that way.

In the 1960s, though, people started to figure out that such a thing didn't really happen to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. By then many post-war testimonials had surfaced from the region the duo went missing in, corroborating how they were quietly rescued by Japan in the lower Marshall Islands and remained sequestered there, at least for awhile. 

After Japan rescued Earhart and Noonan, 'official silence' about it left the unknown details of their ongoing survival to become lined with a variety of unsubstantiated postulations.

That is until 1965, when Joseph A. Gervais met the former Amelia Earhart face to face.

Questions? Comments? E-mail


Amelia and Amelia as 'Irene' in 1970

Truth Versus Fiction
A word of caution to historians and Amelia Earhart devotees: Since it first surfaced in 1970, the enduring Irene-Amelia controversy has been consistently talked-down ever since, although it was never officially debunked. This is important to understand while reading the following briefs concerning two of its most vocal opponents:
Dr. Alex Mandel


Ukrainian Amelia Earhart fan, Dr. Alex Mandel

In 2008, a 'Dr. Alex Mandel' of Ukraine posted an 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' Wikipedia page that claimed the 'Amelia became Irene' conveyance was proved false by a detective hired by the National Geographic Society.
According to the National Geographic Society, that never happened.
Here's the story:
In 2006, the National Geographic Channel aired a special about Amelia Earhart. Within it, a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin was given a small sampling of information about the dated Irene-Amelia controversy. It featured no background history of the case at all, so naturally, detective Richlin, who was relatively uniformed about it, voiced skepticism toward the idea of Amelia living to become known as Irene Craigmile. What Dr. Mandel's Wikipedia page does not convey, however, is how within the program itself, detective Richlin remarked that the producers of the show did not supply him with enough data to enable him to form a favorable conclusive opinion about the 'Amelia became Irene' assertion.
Both Dr. Mandel and his slanted Wikipedia page, that he has closely monitored and controlled for a dozen years now, are part of a nondescript effort intent on swaying the public away from embracing the reality of Amelia Earhart's post-World War Two existence with a different name applied to her person.


TIGHAR's Richard Gillespie

Since the 1990s, the American public has been media-bombarded by a far-out Earhart claim. It stated that some left behind junk items and a few bone fragments found on the once colonized, Nikumaroro Island, came from Amelia's last flight. The bones were originally described as "those of a male chamorro of the region" when they were measured and examined in the 1940s, before they were discarded.
None of the debris found on the island were part of Amelia's last flight. It is clear the debris had belonged to the forty-plus people who had attempted to colonize it before abandoning the effort. The 'less-informed about Earhart' public remained intrigued though, and amazingly, a recent claim of Tighar's surfaced in the news stating the lost bone fragments from Nikumaroro were believed located again and will be 'tested' to see if they belonged to Amelia Earhart. 
Here it is also important to know:
The Nikumaroro, 'desert island bones' story was never reality based.
Via numerous accounts that included eyewitness testimonials and declassified government files, for decades investigators have known that Amelia never came close to Nikumaroro. This does not discount the fact that for a long time the 'Nikumaroro invention' has functioned well as a money making endeavor for the people who have long been promoting it through a club known as, 'Tighar.'

and reality go hand in hand.


She was no 'ordinary housewife.' She wasn't the original Irene Craigmile either, though that was her name after World War Two. Prior to the end of World War Two she was identified nowhere as, Irene Craigmile. This is because she had previously been known as, Amelia Earhart.
While this truth has existed in the public realm since 1970, the vast majority of people still have a hard time believing it. The reason? To this day Amelia's survived relatives and the Smithsonian Institution have yet to publicly endorse it, even though by now. . . it has grown to be obvious.

The 1997-2017 Swindell Study examined Amelia Earhart's disappearance in a different way than previous efforts. It featured a thorough forensic analysis that included the use of 'Digital Face Recognition.'


The analysis was conducted to help resolve the unsettled controversy over whether or not Amelia Earhart continued to live-on after she went missing in 1937, with a different name applied to her person. When the Study was finished its facial, head-to-toe physical, and character trait comparison results revealed the long subdued reality... of the post-World War Two life of the former Amelia Earhart.
A documentary about it is in the making.


USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck in 1944 

"Your work relating to Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile is absolutely outstanding. There is no other way to describe it." Author-historian, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, USAF (Ret.) in response to Tod Swindell's Amelia Earhart investigative forensic research and comparison analysis.


About The Swindell Study
The twenty-year Swindell Study [1997-2017; copyright registrations: TXu 1-915-926 & TXu 2-061-539] is an Investigative Research Evaluation and a Human Comparison Analysis orchestrated and compiled by Tod Swindell, an independent researcher who developed a great interest in the facts attributed to Amelia Earhart's disappearance and missing person case. The complete Study consists of over ten-thousand pages and features rare documents, analytical text, photographs, comparisons, maps, charts, and past-obscured but again revisited investigative research findings. The condensed MSS features 415 total pages; 110 of which contain logistical and visual elements drawn from the 'Amelia to Irene' Comparison Analysis. The Study elaborates on--and plainly exhibits Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence after World War Two with the re-purposed name of, 'Irene Craigmile.' (Surname of 'Bolam' added later.) It also examined the post-war reasoning that left the general public out of the loop of Amelia's ongoing existence with a different name. Simply put, Amelia Earhart was declared 'dead in absentia' in 1939, and the intention after the war, as co-endorsed by the former Amelia Earhart herself, was for it to always remain that way. The complete Study is available for review on a selective basis. Questions or comments? Click on:

The Amelia Earhart We never Knew
In 1923, the year she turned twenty-six years old and five years before she became famous, Amelia Earhart took the following photograph of herself by pointing a Kodak Brownie camera into a mirror. She had enrolled in a photography course at USC and likely developed the picture herself.


In 1928, through the women's Zonta organization Amelia joined after she became famous, she befriended a prominent lawyer by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, who soon after introduced Amelia to her newly married niece, Irene Craigmile:



Above left is from the same old newpaper photo showing Charles and Irene Craigmile in 1930. The couple was married in late 1928, at the Newark, New Jersey home of Irene's paternal uncle and aunt, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley and his wife, Violet. (To the right, Irene's image is contrast enhanced.)
Charles Craigmile, a Civil Engineer from Rantoul, Illinois, was fourteen years older than Irene. Sadly, Charles first--and later, Irene as well--died before World War Two began.
Below is an article about Amelia Earhart's 1930s Zonta friend, the original Irene Craigmile's lawyer aunt, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley:


This 1928 newspaper article features a story about the original Irene Craigmile's attorney aunt, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, who practiced law in New York and New Jersey. In 1928, she and Amelia Earhart became friends through the Zonta organization. By the 1930s, they were two of its better known members along with Nina Broderick Price, of England, who they both knew as well. Attorney Irene served as an adviser for Amelia when it came to contract matters for her branded merchandise, that included her well-known 'Amelia Earhart luggage' line. Nina Broderick Price helped on the publicity end as well.
By design--or it would appear that way--these two prominent Zonta women who knew Amelia well are never mentioned in any Amelia Earhart biographies.
Attorney Irene raised her niece, the original Irene Craigmile, from age twelve on. The original Irene Craigmile had been the only child of attorney Irene's older brother, Richard Joseph O'Crowley, and his wife, Bessie, who died while their daughter was that age.
Dubbed 'Beatrice' while further growing up with her aunt, that also led to her being pet-named "Bee" in her mother's memory, after her marriage to Charles Craigmile she went back to calling herself 'Irene' even though "Bee" remained her pet family name. Of note, the original Irene Craigmile's 1928 wedding announcement listed her as, "Beatrice O'Crowley to wed Charles Craigmile."
The 1930 Census listed "Charles and Irene Craigmile" living in Pequannock, New Jersey. Charles was listed as 'head of house' and Irene as 'keeps house.' Charles died in September of the following year. 

The original Irene Craigmile's later hidden demise went on to become an integral part of Amelia Earhart's life story in a profoundly unique way:  



The post-war only
Irene Craigmile in 1963 



Without knowing any better, it would otherwise appear that as she grew older, Irene Craigmile started looking a lot like Amelia Earhart, who had "vanished without a trace" in 1937. Yet that was not the case. The original Irene Craigmile never looked like Amelia Earhart.




According to public record, above once again is the original Irene nee O'Crowley Craigmile at age ten on the left, age fourteen in the middle, and age nineteen on the right. Note: With few exceptions, the origin of all photos that purportedly display the original Irene Craigmile prior to the World War Two years is questionable, including for these three.

In 1965 it was not the original Irene Craigmile who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed at a gathering of well known pilots from the golden age of aviation. Rather, Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed the former Amelia Earhart in 1965, who had assumed the original Irene Craigmile's identity for herself to further use after World War Two.

In 1965, a retired air force major by the name of Joseph A. Gervais, was the first person to discover that Amelia Earhart quietly survived her 1937 disappearance and eventually assumed the left-over identity value of Irene Craigmile, a 1930s acquaintance of Amelia's.





Above once again: Amelia and Amelia as Irene in her later-life years.
To explain how this sped by unnoticed by the radar gun of truth, from the time Joseph A. Gervais first made the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy public in 1970, people failed to grasp how the original Irene Craigmile's existence before World War Two was that of a 'troubled-life' individual with no career ambition to speak of--to go along with the fact that she looked nothing like Amelia Earhart.
All one ever had to do was objectively study the life of the original Irene Craigmile, and he or she would have realized not only these truths, but how the original Irene Craigmile no longer existed by the time World War Two began.
The historical results of Tod Swindell's investigation, that left no stone unturned, made it easy to recognize that Amelia Earhart, who was acquainted with the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s, continued to quietly live-on after she was declared 'a missing person' in 1937.
It is also evident that Amelia, again for her own good reasons, had decided she no longer wished to be a famous, public person and was therefore privately afforded the original Irene Craigmile's left-over identity for her future use.
In essence, at some point after she went missing, Amelia went on to become the 'new' Irene Craigmile... and she was publicly [and legally] identified that way for the rest of her life.


Above: February 5, 2000, retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais, accepts the Amelia Earhart Society's 'Historical Achievement Award' for his unparalleled investigative research and final analysis of Amelia Earhart's failed world flight attempt--that left her described as, 'a missing person.' The Amelia Earhart Society's founding President, Bill Prymak, referred to Joe Gervais as, "A World War Two flying hero widely recognized as the world's leading authority regarding the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance." Joseph A. Gervais died in 2005, having never disavowed that in her later life years, the still living Amelia Earhart used the name of her past 1930s' acquaintance, Irene Craigmile, whose death record was obscured to enable it.
One might ask: Why is it that people in general have never heard of Joseph A. Gervais?
The best answer was given by Joe Gervais himself: "No one was was ever supposed to know that Amelia survived and changed her name, so my 1960s investigation that concluded she did was swept under the rug of official history." 


The 1966 book, The Search For Amelia Earhart by CBS Radio journalist, Fred Goerner, was on the New York Times best-seller list for seven straight weeks. That did not impress J. Edgar Hoover or the federal U.S. government. Neither issued an official comment about it.

"You're onto something that will stagger your imagination."
The above 1962 quote was recorded by CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner. It was spoken by retired United States Navy Commander, John Pillsbury, and concerned the truth about what actually happened when Amelia Earhart went missing in 1937. Fred Goerner had recently embarked on an investigation to learn what really happened to Amelia, and beyond the quote above, Commander Pillsbury offered him words of encouragement to 'keep going' in a knowing manner. Pillsbury was speaking on behalf of himself and Admiral Chester Nimitz at the time, without disclosing information the two high ranking, World War Two officers had learned about the real ending of Amelia Earhart's world flight through Naval intelligence channels.
Admiral Nimitz had been put in charge of the Marshall Islands after the U.S. occupied it in 1944, and in the 1960s, he actually collaborated with Fred Goerner. Nimitz outright admited to Goerner that Earhart and Noonan, "went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese" and how said information had been, "known and documented in Washington" during the World War Two era. 
Fred Goerner had joined in on researching Amelia's true fate after learning about the "Operation Earhart" investigation of Joseph A. Gervais that he also wrote about in his book. He solidly agreed with the early 1960s work of Gervais, that stated Amelia survived in Japan's care after she was declared 'missing' in 1937, but he could not precisely pinpoint where she eventually ended up after she was rescued by Japan. Unaware of Gervais' 1965 meeting with Irene Craigmile Bolam, when he published his book in 1966, Goerner concluded it by offering how Amelia 'possibly died' of an illness after living overseas for awhile, and based on other hearsay, he felt Amelia's flight navigator, Fred Noonan, 'possibly died' during a struggle with Japanese military personnel.
Just like Joseph A. Gervais, though, by the 1990s Goerner's investigative research and his best-selling 1966 book, The Search For Amelia Earhart that featured his interviews with Nimitz, Pillsbury, and other military personnel were barely recalled anymore. This is because Fred Goerner's work as well ended up being, "swept under the rug of official history" for having come too close to the fire of truth about Amelia Earhart's so-called, '1937 disappearance.'


Tod Swindell


"In 1996, when I first met renowned Amelia Earhart 'world flight' investigator, Joseph A. Gervais, I was amazed to find out from him that a thorough forensic study that compared the person of Irene Craigmile Bolam to Amelia Earhart had never been done before. So I learned how to orchestrate one from experts and began my journey to get it done.

It seemed logical enough; the unsettled controversy over the enigmatic Irene's past was three decades old by then and Joe Gervais was still insisting she was the former Amelia Earhart; an insistence he would maintain to his dying day in 2005. 

Joseph A. Gervais initially began investigating Amelia's odd disappearance circumstances in 1959. He later asserted how in 1965, when he met Irene Craigmile Bolam at a gathering of well known pilots in New York, he felt he recognized her right away and subsequently learned she was not the original Irene Craigmile.

He soon enough realized as well, that what he discovered was something the general public was never supposed to know. This is the reason the former Amelia Earhart refuted the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives, that was driven by the discovery Joe Gervais made about her--yet was published without her cooperation.

Her strong rejection of the book is also why it was swiftly removed from the marketplace. It is interesting to note here, though, in the face of accusations while she was living as Irene, she never proved she was not the former Amelia Earhart at any time and no one else did either.

Today the Irene-Amelia controversy is five-decades old and while the incredible discovery Joe Gervais made those years ago is now an obvious reality to observe, the obfuscation that diverts it continues." Tod Swindell


Below: The best selling 1970 book Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas exposed the truth about Amelia Earhart's ongoing post-war existence as, 'Irene Craigmile Bolam.' It was published without her cooperation, though, and swiftly removed from the stores after she lawyer'd-up to denounce it. She had been living her life privately as 'Irene' since the mid-1940s, and wasn't about to go back to being the famous Amelia Earhart again for her own good reasons, that importantly included the preference of the U.S. federal government.

The book made national news after it was released, causing the former Amelia Earhart to hold a press conference where she lashed out at its contents before offering with finality, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart!" She left the conference having fielded no questions.  



"Nothing is as invisible as the obvious." Richard Farson
Those who deftly continue to avoid the truth: 


Jean M. Case, Chairman of the
Board of National Geographic


Dr. David J. Skorton, CEO
of the Smithsonian Institution

To Jean M. Case, Dr. David J. Skorton, Amy Kleppner, Grace McGuire, Larry Heller, Dr. Tom Crouch, Dorothy Cochrane, Dr. Kurt Campbell, and Robert Ballard:
Beauty is truth, truth beauty,
that is all ye know on earth,
and all ye need to know.

About truth:
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer

On preventing the discovery of truth:
"The discovery of truth is prevented most effectively by preconcieved opinion and prejudice." Arthur Schopenhauer

For those unfamiliar with the original depth of controversy that surrounded Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance:

"If anyone ever finds Amelia Earhart's plane underwater anywhere or at any other location--rest assured it was not Amelia Earhart who put it there." Earhart historian, USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), 2006.

"For over twenty years now, this fellow Richard Gillespie and his Tighar club have been promoting a completely wacked out 'desert island' story about what happened to Amelia Earhart, and as crazy as it is, people not familiar enough with the facts take him seriously. He (Gillespie) makes over $100k a year shoving false truths about Amelia's world flight outcome down the throats of the the American public." 2009, Bill Prymak, President of the Amelia Earhart Society of Researchers.


As mentioned, Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile were acquainted with each other in the 1930s: 


Above, this September 1, 1932 Akron, Ohio newspaper photo featured Amelia Earhart, outlined in white, and the original Irene Craigmile, outlined in black. The original Irene Craigmile was never 'famous' the way most of the other female pilots in the photo were. In fact, she had not yet started taking flying lessons when the photo was taken. Her late husband, Charles, had died the previous year and sometime after he did, through her attorney aunt, who Amelia knew, the original Irene expressed an interest in learning to become a pilot. Her aunt mentioned her niece's wish to learn to fly to Amelia, and soon enough Amelia and her pal, Viola Gentry, took the young widow Irene under their wing. This is how the original Irene Craigmile ended up in the above photo. Viola Gentry is shown directly to the right of the original Irene. [Note: Viola Gentry would go on to know Amelia as 'Irene' in her later life years, just as Amelia's sister, Muriel did.] The original Irene Craigmile did learn to fly but her adventure was cut short several months after the above photo was taken, when she realized she had become pregnant out of wedlock. 



Digital Face Recognition combined with a full head-to-toe and character traits comparison study revealed the subdued reality of Amelia Earhart. That is, there was only one truth pertaining to what became of the legendary aviator--and it had everything to do with a 1930s' acquaintance of Amelia's; a once fledgling pilot by the name of Irene Craigmile:




Above left, again in 1930, the original Irene Craigmile is shown between her husband, Charles, and her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley. Center, her visage is contrast enhanced. Right, in 1933, two years after Charles Craigmile died, the original Irene Craigmile is shown in front of a plane she took flying lessons in--until she realized she was pregnant out of wedlock right at the time she earned her pilot's license--in late May of that same year. (See more about this further down.)
Although clear images of the original Irene Craigmile are hard to come by today, as was the intention, it's still easy enough to see she did not much resemble Amelia Earhart after examining the various photos taken of her before World War Two that the Study managed to locate.
By scrolling down and observing the many other comparisons displayed here, and learning how the equation to protect Amelia's future privacy was carefully assembled, one soon comes to terms with how the original Irene Craigmile, juxtaposed to the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile, were entirely different people. This is true, even though history has it that they were one in the same human being. 


In 1932, Amelia Earhart, (shown above) became the first female pilot to solo a plane across the vast expanse of the Atlantic Ocean, and only the second person to do it since Charles Lindbergh. In the following years, along with her new friend, Eleanor Roosevelt, Amelia was listed among the most famous women in the world, a status she maintained until she was declared 'missing' in 1937. 


Above, Digital Face Recognition revealed Amelia Earhart and the post-war only, Irene Craigmile (Bolam) to be in perfect alignment. It is worth emphasizing here, the Irene in this comparison was identified nowhere as 'Irene' before the end of World War Two.


Amelia and Amelia as Irene in 1964


Amelia Earhart, age 39 in 1937. She was declared 'missing' three weeks shy of her 40th birthday. 


Again above, Digital Face Recognition matched Amelia Earhart's 1937 image (left) to a 1965 photo (below) of the post-World War Two only, 'Irene Craigmile.' The 1965 photo appeared in a controversial book about Amelia Earhart that was quickly vilified by the former Amelia Earhart herself before it was withdrawn by its publisher, McGraw-Hill.



Amelia and Amelia as Irene


Amelia, age 31


Amelia as Irene, 1977

As initiated by the Study results, Digital Face Recognition went on to confirm face template congruences between all 1930s Amelia Earhart photos that were compared to photos of the post-World War Two only, Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam.) The 'post-war only' Irene photo used in the above comparison was taken in the mid-1970s. Note her familiar wings, pearls, and broad white collar.



Amelia Earhart



With Amelia's and the post-war only Irene's head-to-toe physical beings and character traits, The Swindell Study realized a complete match.




The post-World War Two only, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam



Above, the former Amelia Earhart living as 'Irene' in 1976.

"I had a career as a pilot once, Major, but I gave all that up years ago." 1965 quote from the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), FKA 'Amelia Earhart' as spoken to Major Joseph A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.) Above photo taken in Jamaica in 1976. (Courtesy of the Diana Dawes collection.)


Amelia Earhart


Amelia and Amelia as Irene, 1970



Amelia as Irene at her
1970 press conference;
She had no other choice
but to deny her past.

"In 1970, after the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile was outed as the former Amelia Earhart, her future years would have been significantly compromised had she publicly acknowledged such a thing. So much explaining, to include on a certain international level, would have been demanded by the public. This is why going forward after 1970, hindsight reveals she was smart to steadfastly deny her true past anytime someone tried to pin her down about it." Tod Swindell 

Amelia Earhart became 'a missing person' in 1937, and though she was declared 'dead in absentia' in 1939, she had continued to live-on and in time assumed the left over identity of Irene Craigmile, a past 1930s acquaintance of hers.
Joseph A. Gervais discovered this truth in the 1960s, although it was never put to the acid test until The Swindell Study commenced in 1997. When the Study was finally completed in 2017, its stark results were too hard to deny:






Amelia and Amelia as Irene
[When the truth stares back at
you it's time to pay attention to it.]


Above: The former Amelia Earhart, living as 'Irene
Bolam' in 1977, looking all of her true eighty years.


Above: Amelia's own "Amelia M. Earhart" signature added to a cryptic sentence she wrote in 1967, while she was living as 'Irene.'
Here's the story about the above handwriting sample... 
In this particular post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam's handwritten statement, she refers to two friends of hers, [1930s pilots Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill] who, "each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile." Underneath the sentence, The Swindell Study inserted Amelia Earhart's own "Amelia M. Earhart" signature as it appeared on a high school document she signed. As Amelia, her handwriting sometimes varied depending on her disposition, the subject matter, or who she was writing to. [From the Character Traits section of The Swindell Study, this sample appears in the document examination 'handwriting' portion.]
Note: Below is a text-typed version of the complete letter the sentence came from featured on page 254 in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. The Klaas book profiled the long-term investigative work of Joseph A. Gervais. The lead-in text from the previous page (253) appeared this way:
"We mailed it airmail  the same day I wrote it. . . July 15, 1967. ["it" being a query letter to Irene Craigmile Bolam from Joseph A. Gervais and Joe Klaas, "to find out if it is possible that you are Amelia Earhart?"]  Then we waited. A week later at Hamilton Air Force Base, California, I showed a copy of the letter to Bob Dinger.[Bob Dinger, an 'Operation Earhart' partner of Joseph A. Gervais dating back to 1959.]
"She'll never answer that," he [Dinger] predicted.
"Why not?" I asked.
"Why should she?" he asked again. "What you are asking is none of our business. Would you answer a letter like that?" I thought for a minute.
"She claims to be [have been] a friend of Amelia [from here it continues below on page 254.] 


Viola Gentry was the person, who, on August 8, 1965, had introduced Joseph A. Gervais and his wife, Thelma, to Guy and Irene Bolam at the Early Birds of Aviation annual luncheon in New York. That was the same day Gervais photographed them as a couple. The photo he took of them was later reprinted in Amelia Earhart Lives, as shown below:   


At first, when you look at Mrs. Bolam next to her husband, Guy, it is hard to see how she resembled her former self, Amelia Earhart. For one thing, she'd gained a little weight. For another, after she refused to admit who she used to be it would take another thirty years before a forensic comparison analysis, via The Swindell Study, would step up to challenge her denial. Once again elow, observe what Digital Face Recognition reckoned to be the same face in younger and older forms: 



Above: © The Swindell Study


Amelia Earhart, 1937

It happened at the Sea Spray Inn...



Above left: Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, and Viola Gentry, 1932. Above right: A page showing Viola in 1961 from her 2015 biography, Viola Gentry: The Flying Cashier by Jennifer Bean Bower. Note "The Sea Spray Inn" printing on the door of the plane.
In 1965, it was Viola Gentry who introduced Joseph A. Gervais to Irene Craigmile Bolam (FKA 'Earhart') and her British husband, Guy, at The Sea Spray Inn. She did so after arranging to pay to fly Gervais, his wife, Thelma, and their two sons, Gerald and Douglas from their Nevada home across the country to New York. Viola was a friend of an aunt Joe Gervais had back east who had described parts of her nephew's 'Earhart investigation' to her. After Viola consulted with her 'Early Fliers Club' about what Joseph A. Gervais had been doing it caused some curiosity--that led Viola to implore Joe Gervais to come and lecture to the club so he could describe details on what he had learned about Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance. Joe Gervais spoke to about three hundred people who attended the luncheon the day it was held. Guy and Irene Bolam left after eating lunch and did not hear him speak.
Further down see more pages from Viola's biography highlighting her belief in Amelia's continued survival after she went missing, what took place the day she introduced Joe Gervais to Mr. and Mrs. Bolam, and her aftermath expressed opinion about it.

Below, Two 1965 Photos Taken One Day Apart Outside of The Sea Spray Inn...



Above: Viola Gentry and Guy Bolam on August 9, 1965. They are seated outside of the Sea Spray Inn located in East Hampton of Long Island, New York. The photo was taken the day after the Early Birds of Aviation annual luncheon was held, August 8, 1965. Before the luncheon took place, Viola had introduced Joe and Thelma Gervais to Guy Bolam and the post-World War Two only, Irene Craigmile Bolam, AKA the 'former' Amelia Earhart, shown on the right in a better quality version of the 35MM photo Gervais took when he met her. It was the former Amelia Earhart herself, still an avid photographer then, who took the August 9 dated photo of Viola and Guy.
It was true that Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill knew them [Amelia and Amelia as Irene, or "us"] "both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," just as Mrs. Bolam had written it in her 1967 reply letter to Gervais. Meaning, they knew her well when she was Amelia and they continued to know her well after she became Irene.
By also writing "I am not she," she was telling the truth, really, because she had been known as "Irene Craigmile" ever since the post war years until she married Guy Bolam of England in 1958, at which time she became known as "Irene Bolam." So when asked in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s if she was really Amelia Earhart (?) it was easy enough for her to stay in her lane by replying, "no, I am really Irene Bolam."
Below, is a copy of the 1967 follow-up reply letter from Elmo Pickerill, sent to Joseph A. Gervais, as it also appeared in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives. A detailed explanation follows it:


About Elmo Pickerill's above reply letter to Joseph A. Gervais:

Paragraph 1. ) There is a record of the original Irene Craigmile and her 1934 born son showing them living on Weybridge Road in 1937-38. [Al Heller, her son's father who she was briefly wed to, was never home much. The two separated for good when he relocated alone to Buffalo New York in 1937.] A nanny by the name of Gertrude Ferguson, lived with them as well. It was not the post-war only Irene Craigmile that Elmo Pickerill was referring to.

Paragraph 2.) Elmo tries his best to smooth out a lot here. First, he does not detail how the original Irene Craigmile only married Al Heller, her 1933 flight instructor, after she realized she was pregnant out of wedlock with his child, or that the two eloped to wed at the end of her first trimester, in August of 1933. [Their son was born on March 5, 1934. According to a 1982 newspaper articleAl Heller was not in attendance at the time.] Second, the two did not divorce. Al Heller was still legally married to another woman when he impregnated and then married the original Irene Craigmile. Realizing their inability to get along, the annulment of Al and the original Irene's marriage commenced in 1937, since a person could not be legally married to more than one individual. Third, it was not "a few years later" that she married Guy Bolam, rather, it was the former Amelia Earhart, known as 'Irene Craigmile' after the war, who married Guy Bolam in 1958, twenty years after the original Irene Craigmile and Al Heller's annulment took place. (The original Irene Craigmile was long-gone by then.) Fourth, Guy Bolam, of England, was not in "the export business." Rather, he was an executive with Radio Luxembourg in Europe and was later described as having been, "linked to MI-5" by his survived brother.

Paragraph 3.) Elmo offers his awareness of Amelia Earhart, Viola Gentry, and (the original) Irene Craigmile having been flying "pals" in the 1930s, and it is evident, at least for a short period of time, that this was true.

Paragraph 4.) Elmo describes 'Irene' as "a very fine person to know,' who is, "well liked by everyone who knows her." In the present tense he was referring to the former Amelia Earhart who he knew anymore as 'Irene.'

Below, from her 2015 biography, Viola Gentry speaks of her strong belief that her friend, Amelia Earhart was 'still alive' after she went missing in 1937:



Here, it is essential to briefly re-explore the story of the original Irene Craigmile, a person Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry knew in the 1930s:


Repeated from above, Amelia Earhart, the original Irene Craigmile, and Viola Gentry appeared in this Akron, Ohio newspaper photo on September 1, 1932. The original Irene was twenty-seven at the time and not yet a licensed pilot. She was never famous and did not begin taking flying lessons until a month after this photo was taken. Her husband, Charles James Craigmile, had died the previous year at the age of forty. (See below.)


Another look: In the above-left 1930 photo we find Charles James Craigmile, age 39, his wife, the original Irene Craigmile, age 26, and Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley. The original Irene Craigmile died before the World War Two era began, except where Charles Craigmile's death remains a matter of public record, the death of the original Irene Craigmile was obscured to make her identity available for Amelia Earhart to use after the war. Above right, again, the original Irene's image is contrast enhanced. She was a full three inches shorter than Amelia Earhart, and though only low quality photo images of her remain, they leave it discernible enough to notice she did not look much at all like Amelia Earhart.

Below: The original Irene's husband, Charles James Craigmile, a civil engineer by trade, is the last one listed in this September 22, 1931 Detroit, Michigan obituaries notice. As the story went, while on a road trip after visiting his parents in Rantoul, Illinois, (his father was a well known judge there) Charles died from an appendicitis attack he failed to recognize. His listed Detroit address at the time of his death, however, skims the surface of a slightly more askew scenario.



The original Irene Craigmile left a son behind from a brief second marriage. He ended up being raised by a surrogate mother figure who the former Amelia Earhart was close to in her later life years. The original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son, Larry Heller, is pictured in the article below:


Considering the above article, part of an 'inconclusive' series about the true identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam, it doesn't take much to notice how twelve-years after the controversy over Irene Craigmile Bolam's true identity first surfaced, people were still wondering who she really was, or used to be. Evidently, according to the article, even her own kin still questioned her true identity. The article also featured contradictions. A prime example is shown where the original Irene Craigmile's brief second husband, (before their marriage was annulled) Al Heller, adamantly insisted his long-ago former wife bore "no resemblance" to Amelia Earhart, and he was sure she never met Amelia Earhart. [As it turned out, Al Heller was a key part of the public obfuscation applied to the realities of his late wife's past and the former Amelia Earhart's post-loss continued existence as 'Irene.']
The Swindell Study, that commenced fifteen years after the article ran, displayed how the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile (Bolam) did exactly match Amelia Earhart in every measurable way, and that Amelia definitely had been acquainted with the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s, having met her through the original Irene's prominent attorney aunt, a good Zonta friend of Amelia's.


Tod Swindell

"During the course of the Study, upon learning of the rumored ongoing evasiveness of Larry Heller, I knew I had to meet him. I was able to track him down at his Long Island, New York residence--and in January of 2006, I found myself face to face with him in Islip, NY, where he then lived with his wife, Joan. We went out to lunch, although I did not press him too-hard about the subject matter of his mother then. Rather, I mentioned I was interested in optioning the rights to his version of his mother's life story for a potential film project, as that was also my intention. I was in touch with Rance Howard at the time (Ron's father) whose wife, Judy, had done a thorough study of Amelia's disappearance years before, and they were both enthusiastic about my different angle of approach after seeing some of my early comparison results.
Larry Heller thought about what I wanted and agreed to meet me again, and we did meet in April of 2006, at his attorney's office in Manhattan. Once there, we signed an option agreement his attorney drew up. As soon as that business was done, though, I took out the cache of 'Irene' photographs I had collected from various sources, foremost passed along by way of the late Diana Dawes, one of the former Amelia Earhart's friends in the 1970s. The very first photo I showed to Larry, he immediately identified the person in it as ""my mother, around 1940."" It was an ah-ha moment that made me realize he never knew his biological mother, who looked different, and it seemed would have been somewhat older than the woman he identified. As well, when I showed him a 1946 photograph of the former Amelia Earhart identified as his mother, he said he'd never seen it before. By the time our four-hour meeting concluded I had certifiably realized that history had recorded three different women as one in the same, 'Irene Craigmile Bolam.' Yet, according to Larry Heller, he only ever knew one of them, and he righteously went on insisting his mother could not have been Amelia Earhart.
After I reported back to Rance, he was amazed, but also warned me about potential ramifications if I kept pressing forward, adding that it sounded to him like the 'Irene controversy' looked to be bigger than people realized. (Rance and Judy are both gone now.) But I remained undaunted. As the Study continued I kept in touch with Larry by e-mail and in 2014, as it neared its completion point, I asked Larry to once again verify his ID placement, this time in writing, of the 'mother' who he identified to me before, and he did.
Below the following photograph of Joseph A. Gervais, find the same poor quality photo from above of the original Irene Craigmile; underneath it, find the woman Larry Heller identified as his mother 'around 1940,' and to its right, a photo of the former Amelia Earhart as she looked in 1946. The photos are followed by my request for, and then Larry Heller's in-writing positive identification placement on the mother he knew and recognized in both younger and older forms. Ultimately, it served as a key element in enabling the forensic analysis portion of the Study to determine beyond a shadow of any doubt, how there had been three different human beings with the same 'Irene' identity applied to their persons, and one of them, who was not identified that way anywhere prior to the end of World War Two, had previously been known as, Amelia Earhart." Tod Swindell


Above: Once again, USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (Ret.) accepting his Amelia Earhart Society of Researchers 'Historical Achievement' award in 2000. Gervais had served heroically as a pilot in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam logging over 8,000 hours of flying time in the process. He died in 2005, having never recanted his 1970 public assertion that stated Amelia Earhart quietly lived well beyond her disappearance and had changed her name at some point to 'Irene Craigmile.'


The original Irene Craigmile in 1930,
Larry Heller's biological mother.


"My Mother around 1940," verified
in 2006 & 2014 by Larry Heller.


The post-war only Irene Craigmile in
1946, FKA "Amelia Earhart," who was
not recognized by the original Irene's son.


The Positive ID Placement Made By Irene Craigmile Bolam's Son:

BELOW is the 2014 written exchange between Clarence (Larry) Heller, the 1934 born son of the original Irene Craigmile, and Tod Swindell. The woman Mr. Heller positively identified as his "mother" was not the same woman whose image appeared in the 1970 McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives, even though according to history she should have been.


Tod Swindell: Thursday, February 20, 2014
Subject: Verification


Hi Larry,

I want you to know that I am in full agreement with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to the correct presentation of the facts.  

My conveyance is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.




Larry Heller: Friday, February 21, 2014
Subject: Re: Verification

The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller   Proof is available.



Below, when the above images are combined they reveal the same person in younger and older forms.




Below, combined younger and older images of the post-World War Two only, Irene Craigmile (Bolam), FKA Amelia Earhart: 




The two younger/older photos on the left (1946-1965)
showing the same person, the former Amelia Earhart,
with close to twenty-years of noticeable age difference.  


Below, what does digital face recognition say about the following images:


Amelia, 1937


Amelia, 1937


Irene Craigmile Bolam,

Again, according to Digital Face Recognition, the 1937 and 1965 facial images above represent the same person's face in younger and older forms. Below, according to Digital Face Recognition, the 1970s and 1965 facial images do not represent the same person's face. This is because the 1965 Irene Craigmile Bolam was the former Amelia Earhart, and the 1970s Irene Craigmile Bolam was a different person who had served as the surrogate mother for the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son. 


Irene Craigmile Bolam


Irene Craigmile Bolam


Yes, it is hard to believe, but it's true, as edified in the below comparison. Apparently she had some nasal work done; perhaps a deviated septum rhinoplasty procedure, (according to Forensic Anthropologist, Dr. Walter S. Birkby)  and the retainer she first began wearing when she was known as Amelia, eventually proved effective in diminishing the gap between her two front teeth. This comparison shows Amelia in the mid-1930s dissolving into her later self as 'Irene' in the mid-1940s:


Amelia Earhart...


...transitions into...


...her future self marking the
post-war return of, "the pilot in pearls"
©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'

Review: When the original Irene Craigmile's husband, Charles Craigmile, died, recall Amelia Earhart was a Zonta organization friend of the original Irene Craigmile's aunt, a prominent New York attorney by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley. It was at her bequest that Amelia ended up taking her bereaved niece under she and Viola Gentry's common wing to help her become a pilot, something the original Irene Craigmile, who idolized Amelia, had expressed an interest in. As mentioned, it proved to be a futile exercise after one of the original Irene's flight instructors, the aforementioned Al Heller, left her pregnant out of wedlock by the time she earned her pilot's license in May of 1933--that pretty much ended her new hobby of flying airplanes. [This was how Larry Heller came to be. The original Irene Craigmile's story continues further down.]

Below once again is the 1928 newspaper article about Amelia's long-ago Zonta friend, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, Esq., the original Irene Craigmile's aunt. Note: The original Irene Craigmile never belonged to the Zonta organization, yet in the 1930s, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley and Amelia Earhart were two of its more prominent members.

Recall Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley became friends with Amelia not long after Amelia became famous in 1928, and then joined the Zonta's, of which Irene Rutherford O'Crowley was a charter member. She proved helpful to Amelia with her advice on how to get the Ninety-Nines going in 1929, and in the early 1930s, when Amelia started selling her branded items in New York, she also advised on contract matters for her.
Irene Rutherford O'Crowley's niece was the original Irene Craigmile, who she had raised from age twelve on, and whose identity Amelia would use in her later life years. This is why one does not see Attorney Irene O'Crowley mentioned anywhere in any of Amelia's biographies, although their past symbiotic relationship was very real. 

Amelia Earhart's famous career as a pilot spanned a period of nine years; from the time of her Friendship flight when she was thirty-years old until she went missing when she was just shy of turning forty. The amount of different looks thousands of cameras captured of her during that time period were pretty amazing. In the below comparison showing her at opposite ends of her famous career, it is difficult to recognize the same person:


A somewhat care-worn Amelia before she went missing, just shy of her fortieth birthday.


Amelia at the beginning of her fame years as a pilot, age thirty-one.


Can an individual change over time physically, emotionally, spiritually, and ego-wise to a point where they become difficult to recognize after a long period of absence? Consider the following quote from Twentieth-Century philosopher, Uell Stanley Anderson:

"If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)

Here as well, consider the 1987 words of Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a former President of Seton Hall College who many considered to have been Irene Craigmile Bolam's closest later-life friend. Father Kelley, who held PhDs in Philosophy and Psychology, acknowledged helping with her post-war identity change process and reckoned her to some close acquaintances of his as 'the former Amelia Earhart.' He once described to his friend, Donald DeKoster, "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." The point being, the public did not know 'all Amelia had been through' and how it changed her psyche to a place where she no longer wished to be the world famous celebrity she once was.

From early adulthood on, as decades pass people do age and their facial features often grow to look care-worn and hardened in the process. For what it's worth, Amelia managed to age pretty well.

How The Truth Reveal Began
In the mid-1960s, something amazing about Amelia Earhart surfaced. It began making news headlines in 1970, until the public was persuaded not to believe it. Except what surfaced then never went away--because it was true.


The 1997-2017 Swindell Study and the advent of Digital Face Recognition displayed the reality of it. To show what led to the Study eventually taking place, we need to go back to 1970:


Above: The former Amelia Earhart, living as 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam' in November of 1970, was caught off guard when a new book was published that had been inspired by the tenacious investigative research of Joseph A. Gervais. To maintain her dignity and her ongoing private existence, she had no choice but to publicly decry the book and flat-out deny who she used to be. She also waged a defamation lawsuit after her press conference that dragged on for five years. While she cited some inaccurate statements in the book she felt were damaging to her reputation, she never proved that she was not the former Amelia Earhart and eventually settled with Joseph A. Gervais by way of exchanging ten dollars of consideration with him. Publisher McGraw-Hill paid her $60,000 for some inaccurate statements contained in the book, including one that implied she was a potential bigamist and another that suggested she was a possible traitor to her country. Below, in late July of 1974, obscured by the Watergate scandal that led to President Nixon's resignation two weeks after this follow-up article ran, few seemed to noticed how the four-year-old by then assertion stating 'Mrs. Bolam was actually the former Amelia Earhart' was still being referred to as, "up in the air." Today, thanks to proper historification accomplished by The Swindell Study and its human forensic comparison analysis, it is obvious anymore that Amelia did survive her 1937 disappearance and went on to become known as "Irene Craigmile," and then "Irene Bolam" after she married Guy Bolam of England in 1958.    





"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." From an Associated Press article, John Bolam, Irene Craigmile Bolam's survived brother in law, refers to The Swindell Study's in-progress analysis of Amelia Earhart's disappearance and 'missing person' case. John Bolam reckoned his sister-in-law as the former Amelia Earhart. He first met her in the 1960s. She had married his brother, Guy, in 1958. 




Senator Hiram Bingham
& Amelia Earhart


Amelia & Amelia as Irene




The 1997-2017 Swindell Study concluded that Amelia Earhart did survive her storied 'disappearance' and went on to assume the left-over identity of her 1930s' acquaintance, the original Irene Craigmile. Evidently, this was deemed essential. After the war, any further scrutinizing of Amelia's 1937 disappearance was not wanted--and Amelia herself wished to live a non-public life in the United States for the remainder of her days. Investigative research indicates she received help to do such a thing from the original Irene Craigmile's aunt, Attorney Irene Rutherford O'Crowley; the Federal United States Government by way of J. Edgar Hoover; General Douglas MacArthur, Monsignor James Francis Kelley and the catholic church, and sedulous others who always held the reality of it in strict confidence, foremost including Amelia's only sibling, her sister, (Grace) Muriel Earhart Morrissey, who died in 1998.

 [Note: It is well documented that Muriel knew her sister, Amelia, as 'Irene' in her later life years. They were both Zonta members, although Muriel never publicly disclosed who her later life Zonta friend, Irene, used to be, and she opposed anyone who attempted to expose her.]

Ultimately there were a total of three different Twentieth Century women who were attributed to the same Irene Craigmile Bolam identity: 1.) The original Irene Craigmile  2.) The surrogate mother of the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son  3.) The post-war only Irene Craigmile who was the former Amelia Earhart.

Most people, due to media distortion caused by the variety of false 'Amelia Earhart mystery solving claims' that kept surfacing from the 1980s on, [the never-true Nikumaroro suggestion foremost among them] while also recognizing the always less-than enthusiastic attention paid to the subject matter of Irene Craigmile (Bolam) by official United States historians at the Smithsonian Institution. [Here we're reminded that the Smithsonian is a 'ward' of the Federal Government of the United States and therefore is subject to its authoritative reign.] Yes, for these reasons most people automatically have a hard time believing the profound, subdued reality of Amelia Earhart. As well, it appears most people cannot envision any reason for Amelia Earhart to have quietly changed her name to 'Irene' during the World War Two era. Anymore though, it is obvious she did do such a thing, just as it is obvious the general public was never supposed to know about it.


Above: Amelia & Amelia as Irene. Try as the Study did to determine this summation was not true, its final human comparison results combined with the extensive research conducted on the original Irene Craigmile's life--left no other reality to accept.

Today, people who still believe Amelia Earhart died "on or around July 2, 1937," (the fateful day she was declared 'missing') do not realize history conditioned them to accept such a thing. The truth, as hard to believe as it is, has always been that Amelia survived her disappearance, in time changed her name, and she lived for decades that way after World War Two.  


Amelia Earhart


"Amelia Earhart was far more important to world history than people realize." Tod Swindell



Amelia and Amelia as Irene, 1976

How Does Digital Face Recognition Work?


A Digital Face Recognition program grids-out specific details from a person's face template--such as distance between the eyes, shape of the chin, mouth placement and shape, nasal shape, etc. A face template in question is the 'origin face template' that is set to be compared to another face template. Basically, a Digital Face Recognition program is used to calculate the probability of a match between two separately provided face templates. It's akin to matching fingerprints--using faces instead.
Included in its long-term effort, The Swindell Study compared the face template grid of the post World War Two 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' to the face template grid of Amelia Earhart--and realized a match.



"Think different," indeed. The above right photo displays the post-war only Irene Craigmile Bolam combined with her former Amelia Earhart self. The 'Irene' photo was taken in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia in 1976. Partially in view seated to Irene's right is Gertrude Kelley Hession, the sister of Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996), a later life good friend of the post-war only Irene's, AKA the former Amelia Earhart.
During the last decade of his life, Monsignor Kelley, shown in the below-right photo dining with the post-war only Irene, admitted to a few close friends of his--as well as to news reporter, Merrill Dean Magley, and to Amelia Earhart historian, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, that his later life friend, Irene, actually did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. He was scoffed at by those who felt it was impossible for Amelia Earhart to have survived after she went missing in 1937. A few individuals, including his own nephew, suggested 'old age senility' and a 'need for attention' caused him to outright fabricate what he claimed to know about Amelia's post-loss survival. Contrary to their rebuttals, Monsignor Kelley was well known among catholic-faith celebrities for his impeccable reputation. He had served as a president of Seton Hall College for many years before it became a University in the 1950s, and the close friends he confided in about his later life friend, 'Amelia' (that's how Kelley referred to her among them) stood by his virtuous nature. He was described as, 'quite lucid' when he told them about his "assignment" to receive Amelia back in the United States, and his having been, "instrumental in the process" of her name change to Irene.
The Swindell Study, that was the first to deeply compare Amelia to Irene, did not commence until 1997, a year after Monisgnor Kelley died, and its results made it easy to realize the Monsignor did not fabricate what he professed to know about Amelia's later life existence as, 'Irene.'
Below left once again, from the 1982 newspaper article that featured a reporter's question about his friend's long-rumored 'dual identity,'  Monsignor Kelley responded accordingly--knowing the truth about her was never to be broadly publicized:



Above, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam
and Monsignor James Francis Kelley at dinner in 1978.  


Above: The full-photo version of Monsignor Kelley's sister, Gertrude (left) and the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam (right) in 1976. Notice the same pendant Irene wears here and in the black and white formal portrait sitting. Of course it's hard to recognize Irene's former-Amelia self without the composite photo, as her true age was 79 in 1976. Just the same, as shown below while acknowledging the age difference, the Digital Face Recognition elements aligned perfectly.


It's haunting, disturbing, and even sad in a way--to know Amelia's own sister, Muriel, knew Amelia as 'Irene' in her later life years, the very same Irene featured in all of the above comparisons. In line with her sister's wishes, Muriel agreed to never disclose such a thing even if she was directly confronted about it. Just the same it is the truth--and far be it from anyone not connected to how and why this reality came to be, to easily explain it to others. 


The Combined Study Results
The resulting data from the Digital Face Recognition grid comparisons and other physical and character trait comparisons--when combined with additional discovered, recognized, and processed evidence during the course of The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, delivered a plain to observe, truthful reality stating Amelia Earhart:
1.) Did not crash and sink into the ocean.
2.) Did not die approximate to the day she went missing.
3.) Was not executed as a spy or spy suspect.
4.) Did not die as a castaway on a desert island where her flesh was torn apart by giant crabs. (C'mon guys...)

The Following Bullet Points Condense The Human Comparison Results Of The Swindell Study:
1.) There was more than one person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' identity.
2.) According to Digital Face Recognition and other full-body and character trait comparisons, one of the Irene's, who was identified nowhere as 'Irene' before the end of World War Two, displayed a complete human being congruence to Amelia Earhart.
3.) Amelia Earhart was acquainted with the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s, a once fledgling pilot who did not look like Amelia.
4.) A thorough evaluation of the comparison analysis and all other gathered evidence, enabled logic and deductive reasoning to equate the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile (Bolam) as having been the former Amelia Earhart.
5.) Where historical obfuscation left it difficult for people to recognize Amelia Earhart's continued existence after she went missing--and her later becoming known as 'Irene,' the Study delivered it to any further exist as an obvious reality.  
Questions? Comments? E-mail

Keep going, folks. There's so much more to know. Even though it was never offered-up as public information--this really is the truth about what became of Amelia Earhart.

Admirals and Generals
"All the admirals and generals seemed to know her." LPGA  promoter, Peter Bussatti, comments about his good friend, the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam. Along with many others, Mr. Bussatti openly wondered if his friend, Irene, used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' The following photo showing Mr. Bussatti with the post-war only Irene (FKA 'Amelia Earhart') was used in the comparison below it: 


Above: The post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam, left, with Peter Bussati, right, 1974.


Above: On the far left is the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam; on the far right is her former self, Amelia Earhart; in the center the two images are combined. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""Sometimes I thought she was [the former Amelia Earhart], sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, "When I die you'll find out."" At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned that all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpt from a 1982 New Jersey News Tribune article.


Tod Swindell

"Recognizing the original Irene Craigmile's somewhat troubled 1930s years that included her very short stint as a pilot, it would have been unrealistic for her to later be welcomed as a member of the prestigious New York Wings Club, let alone be distinguished like royalty there among her peers and high ranking U.S. military officers. Yet, important people who knew the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam as the former Amelia Earhart, and indeed the were a select few who did, (the late J. Edgar Hoover and the late Senator Barry Goldwater for instance) were always respectful of her desire for privacy within their common recognition of her heroic past." Tod Swindell

Enter J. Edgar Hoover and Monsignor James Francis Kelley


In the above 1944 photo, reprinted from the 1987 autobiography of Monsignor James Francis Kelley, standing left to right are J. Edgar Hoover, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, and Archbishop Thomas Walsh. The FBI director was being awarded a Legum Doctoral degree (LLD) from Seton Hall College at the time. In November of 1945, Monsignor Kelley received a citation from J. Edgar Hoover for "assistance rendered during the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice." In the late 1980s, Monsignor Kelley began openly disclosing to people that he had helped the survived Amelia Earhart with spiritual counseling after World War Two and that he had been instrumental in the process of her name change to 'Irene.' Kelley died in 1996. He was discredited by people who refused to believe what he had described about his later life friend, Irene Craigmile (Bolam.) 


Above: Monsignor James Francis Kelley and the
post-war only Irene, AKA the former Amelia Earhart

"Her study of Carl Jung's writings led her to embrace the concept of her life beginning at age forty instead of ending there." 1991 quote of Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Recall Amelia was declared 'missing' just three weeks shy of her fortieth birthday. Monsignor 'Doc' Kelley was a Doctor of Philosophy and a later life close friend of the former Amelia Earhart, AKA 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.' The last decade of his life he disclosed to several individuals that his good friend, 'Irene' did used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' and how after the war he had been instrumental with the transition process that left her to be further known as, 'Irene Craigmile.' Non-believers cited Msgr. Kelley's on-and-off memory lapses in his later life years (that they incorrectly labeled as 'senility') within various attempts to call him 'crazy' for saying what he did about his friend, Irene. He wasn't crazy. He simply told a truth he knew about what became of Amelia Earhart. 

The below mention was excerpted from an October, 1982 edition of the New Jersey News Tribune. Although Monsignor Kelley had already confided in some close friends of his about Amelia's post-loss survival and name change to Irene, he was still careful to avoid publicly expressing his opinion about her 'dual identity.'



Monsignor James Francis Kelley [1902-1996], shown above on the cover of his 1987 autobiography, was a long time President of Seton Hall College in New Jersey. He was given much credit for turning the school into a University in 1949. Father Kelley had many famous friends in government, politics, and show business, and he was a highly regarded figure in the Catholic Church. He hosted Pope Paul VI as his house guest in 1965, when the Pontiff became the first ever to visit the United States. According to his New York Times obituary, he also helped teach English to Pope Pius XII while he was being educated overseas.
During the last decade of his life, Monsignor Kelley openly broke his silence about his later-life friend, Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam, having been previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' He described how it was true that Amelia quietly survived her disappearance under Japan's stewardship and she returned to the U.S. after the war. He acknowledged Amelia had developed a strong desire for future privacy after the war and she assumed a different name for herself, one that he helped secure for her future use, that of 'Irene Craigmile,' a person Amelia used to know who was no longer living.
To his good friends, Donald DeKoster and Helen Barber, Father Kelley first described how he was the person who had been 'assigned to receive Amelia' when she returned to the U.S., that he had 'helped with her physical and emotional rehabilitation' and had been 'instrumental with her new-identity transformation.' He would go on to describe the same thing to researchers, Merrill Dean Magley and USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Father Kelley acknowledged that he wrote a chapter for his autobiography about his post-war experience with Amelia that was omitted before the book was published. The reason is found in the forward of his book where he describes how his personal files contained information about, "important individuals, some who are now dead and are no longer able to defend themselves," so he did not feature stories about them in his book. As mentioned, some of his own family members, opposing theorists, and other non-believers off-hand offered that later life 'senility' had caused the monsignor to 'make up' what he claimed to know about Amelia becoming Irene. The Swindell Study proved Monsignor Kelley did not make up what he claimed to know about Amelia Earhart's continued existence after she went missing in 1937, and that he actually did help her to become 'Irene' after World War Two.


J. Edgar Hoover's 'Earhart Politburo'
While the United States has never been a communist country, a Politburo-like influence established during the post-World War Two era ended up guiding the common American think-tank about Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome--into categorizing what actually happened to Amelia as an, 'unknown mystery.'
Briefly, a 'Politburo' consists of select individuals working within the framework of democratic centralism. It marks a system in which the individuals deem themselves--and are even accepted as 'higher bodies' (AKA the 'Politburo') that are responsible to all lower bodies, thus leaving every member of the general public subordinate to decisions they make. In other words, instead of major policy changes being put to a vote, a Politburo could put sweeping changes into effect without considering how the public feels about them.
After World War Two ended, then FBI director, J. Edgar Hoover, personally led the charge within a small inner circle of military, government, and religious officials when it came to devaluing any legitimate information that surfaced about Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence beyond July 2, 1937, the date she was declared 'missing.' The United States national press circuit has never been able to over-challenge J. Edgar Hoover's long established influence there, that even after his death occurred in May of 1972, remained in tact. Recall as well, following Hoover's death many FBI files were destroyed--as pre-arranged by Hoover himself.



Click on the image below to go to page two for some combined history, or continue to be enlightened on the subdued reality of Amelia Earhart right here:

Image credit: Sir Charles Cary

A look at Amelia Earhart's long time pilot friend, Viola Gentry, the "Flying Cashier," and how she helped to protect Amelia's later life identity."


Above, still flying in 1963, Viola Gentry is greeted by Jilly McCormick, Helen Schlemen, and Dr. D. R. Mallet after delivering new Amelia Earhart covers to Purdue Univesity. Check out the strength in Viola's forearm. Two years after this photo was taken, Viola introduced Joseph A. Gervais to the post-World War Two only, Irene Craigmile Bolam, AKA 'the former Amelia Earhart.'


More on the below 1932 group photo showing Amelia Earhart outlined in white and the original Irene Craigmile, outlined in black. To its right find the original Irene Craigmile listed between pilots Viola Gentry and Edith Foltz. (Viola is to the original Irene's right in the photo.)
Along with Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey, Viola Gentry was among the few individuals who ended up privately protecting Amelia's continued existence as "Irene" in her later life years.




Viola Gentry



Above left: Guy Bolam of England and Irene Bolam, AKA the 'former' Amelia Earhart on August 8, 1965. This black and white version of the photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. Above right: An enlargement made directly from the color negative. She was a little heavier then and may not remind one of Amelia here, yet Digital Face Recognition showed the photo to be an exact match. As well, by 1970 she was back down to her fighting weight... and she was ready to fight.
Below: Viola Gentry and Guy Bolam. This photo was taken by the post-World War Two only, 'Irene Craigmile Bolam,' AKA 'the former Amelia Earhart' on August 9, 1965, the day after Viola introduced Joseph A. Gervais to her.



Amelia Earhart, age 39 in 1937


Amelia & her later-life
self as Irene combined


Amelia as Irene, 1965. Photo
taken by Joseph A. Gervais.


Above, Amelia getting a pineapple carving lesson from legendary Hawaiian surfer and five time Olympic gold medalist, Duke Kahanamoku. She wears the same outfit in the older to younger self dissolve below.


Above: Face, head, neck, and
shoulders all in perfect alignment




Above, once again it's hard to recognize her old 'Amelia self' here without a composite photo. John Bolam took this picture of his sister in law, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam, near his home on Merritt Island, Florida. The day before, Irene had visited the NASA facility at nearby Cape Canaveral, AKA 'Cape Kennedy.' Note the same pendant she wears that is captured in other photos.
As far as the NASA mention goes, in a 1985 filmed interview with former Astronaut Wally Schirra, conducted by news reporter, Merril Dean Magley, Schirra verified that he first met the former Amelia Earhart at Cape Canaveral in the 1960s, and that he saw her there again in 1980, on a day when she was asked to recite a poem during a NASA presentation that featured both he and Neil Armstrong in attendance. When Dean Magley asked Wally Schirra how he knew the women he met used to be Amelia Earhart (?) Schirra replied, "people I considered reliable" had confided it to him. John Bolam mentioned he once noticed an impressive Saturn Rocket Program 'medallion' Irene wore during one of her visits to Merritt Island, adding that when he asked where she got it she replied, "some people at NASA" had given it to her. He did not press her to explain when or why people at NASA had given her such a unique adornment. 

"She was intelligent, articulate, and had a commanding presence. She knew a lot of important people including many high-ranking military officers, astronauts and flyers." "She was the epitome of a classy lady." 1997 quotes from an Amelia Earhart Society newsletter article about the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam. The article was written by her survived sister-in-law, Mrs. John Bolam, who deeply wondered if her sister-in-law, Irene, had previously been known as, "Amelia Earhart."


Astronaut Wally Schirra



In the 1980s, Astronaut Wally Schirra, one of the original seven NASA astronauts, discussed having 'met' the former Amelia Earhart at Cape Canaveral to reporter Merrill Dean Magley.


Amelia Earhart at age 17

Digital Face Recognition
Where multiple claims of Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival after she went missing kept coming into play, for the first time ever, The Swindell Study utilized 'Digital Face Recognition' technology within a full-body and character traits human comparison analysis. In essence, this exercise advanced the missing person case of Amelia Earhart to closure by forensically revealing that her still-living body evidence--in its renamed form--was actually found and identified by Amelia Earhart 'world flight investigator,' Joseph A. Gervais, some fifty-odd years ago. Who was Joseph A. Gervais? Let's take a look: 


Joseph A. Gervais

Recalling Major Joseph A. Gervias
(He didn't need Digital Face Recognition.)
The late Major Joseph A. Gervais was war hero and a highly skilled pilot who flew missions in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam. In 1959, he commenced with his 'Operation Earhart' endeavor while stationed overseas in the same region Amelia Earhart was last seen. After years of deeply investigating the combined factors that led to her failed world flight attempt, in the summer of 1965, he encountered the post-World War Two only 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam' at a New York gathering of pilots from the golden age of aviation. He was instantly struck by her resemblance to Amelia Earhart--and after meeting and talking to her it dawned on him that she was none other than the alive-and-well former Amelia Earhart going by a different name.  



Above left: February 5, 2000, retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais accepts an AES 'Historical Achievement Award' for his unparalleled investigative analysis of Amelia Earhart's failed world flight attempt. Shown presenting him the award is the Amelia Earhart Society's founding President, Bill Prymak. Mr. Prymak referred to Gervais as, "A World War Two flying hero widely recognized as the world's leading authority regarding the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance."
Above right photo: Among the attendees that day; top row left to right are Oakland Air and Space Museum director, Ronald Reuther; filmmaker and Amelia Earhart historian, Tod Swindell; and the post-World War Two only Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam's) in-laws, Mr. & Mrs. John Bolam. Bottom row left to right are Amelia Earhart world flight duplicator and author, Ann Holtgren Pellegreno; Amelia Earhart Lives author, Joe Klaas; and Joseph A. Gervais.
As mentioned, Joseph A. Gervais initiated 'Operation Earhart' in 1959 while he was stationed overseas. His findings sparked a curiosity resurgence in the never resolved 'missing person case' of Amelia Earhart, until 1965, when Gervais met--and recognized the post-World War Two only 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' as the renamed, former Amelia Earhart. To his dying day in 2005, he never disavowed having done such a thing.
Notwithstanding persistent rumors to the contrary,  Joseph A. Gervais was never proved incorrect




Preview of Part II


Within its detailed review of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance and subsequent 'missing person' case, The Swindell Study challenged the default 'Null Hypothesis' of her world flight ending--that suggested at some unknown time Amelia crashed into the Pacific Ocean at some unknown place--and sank. Citing new discovered evidence to the contrary--to go along with other evidence discovered by earlier investigators--the Study refortified the less promoted conclusion of Joseph A. Gervais from years past that stated a 'crashed and sank' ending never happened to Amelia Earhart.

Part II
Testing the Null Hypothesis in Relationship to Amelia Earhart's World Flight Outcome   By Tod Swindell
The 'null hypothesis' suggests a predicted outcome based on deductive reasoning to likely be a true outcome until evidence indicates otherwise.
For example, the 'null hypothesis' for flipping an equally balanced coin would call for 50% heads results and 50% tails results. Yet if the expected '50/50' ratio significantly differed after thousands of coin tosses, the 'alternate hypothesis' would come into play, one that might consider the shapes of each side of the coin having some kind of aerodynamic effect on the coin-toss results.
The 1997-2017 Swindell Study tested the validity of the 'null hypothesis' in comparison to the 'alternate hypothesis' while examining Amelia Earhart's storied disappearance. This was deemed appropriate where an overwhelming preponderence of both circumstantial and hard evidence kept surfacing ever since the event of Amelia's loss occurred--that opposed the 'null hypothesis' suggestion that offered Amelia 'crashed and sank' into the ocean at a time and place unknown.
The Study also determined how the 'mystery' of Amelia Earhart's disappearance was as much a mystery as it was a historical invention. Here's why: 


"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery..." 1982, aviation historians, Marylin Bender and Selig Altschul discuss the 1937 disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart.

Dating back to 1937, questions about what actually happened to Amelia Earhart in July of that year, as Bender and Altschul put it, were greeted by 'official silence.' Part of the significant amount of evidential data, however, that kept managing to surface ever since the event of Amelia's disappearance occurred--revealed how President Franklin Roosevelt's administration was the original source of the 'official silence' that remained impossible to overchallenge as subsequent decades passed. 
Here--discovered four decades after it was recorded--is a passage from an official White House transcript dated May of 1938, nine months after Amelia Earhart went missing. In referring to Amelia's loss in the transcript, one of President Franklin Roosevelt's right hand men, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. described it this way:
"...what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public." 
Morgenthau's above statement was followed by the below reaction from his assistant, Stephen Gibbons, in the same transcript. Both statements were recorded with others present during a meeting Morgenthau was holding at the White House:
"We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure. Terrible. It would be awful to make it public." 
These statements, when combined with addtional evidential data gathered over the years, defied the default null hypothesis that suggested Amelia Earhart met her demise by 'crashing and sinking' somewhere unknown.
A brief examination of the presented facts tells us why.
According to the presented facts:
1. When Amelia Earhart did not spot Howland Island, that her last officially recorded radio transmission left some people feeling she missed by as close as 100 miles, after stating a line of position that did not indicate where she actually was, without saying why she stopped transmitting completely.
2. After Amelia stopped transmitting, with an estimated 'eight-hundred miles worth of fuel' still left to burn, she supposedly flew-on in radio silence until her fuel supply was exhausted--leaving her to crash into the Pacific Ocean at unknown coordinates to meet her demise. [End of story.]
The above stated 'facts' mark the complete version of the 'null hypothesis' (or suggested ending) of Amelia Earhart's world flight attempt.
It is worth recognizing here, how beyond the persuasion of official silence no evidence ever supported the 'Amelia crashed into the ocean' null hypothesis. Her crashed and sank ending was something the public was merely left to surmise had happened. 
As well, evidential reports later surfaced stating Amelia did not stop sending radio transmissions. This included a document from an 0S-2 intelligence file, declassified decades later, showing how Amelia had transmitted her final decision to head "north" and she "continued to be heard at intervals" after doing so.
Add this to what the above White House transcript passages would suggest to any reader, plain and simple, where FDR's administration was aware of something 'awful' that happened to Amelia during the "last few minutes" of her flight--and it chose not to share it with the general public.
What was later learned about this internally expressed White House viewpoint from a variety of accounts, is that for a period of time the Roosevelt administration had incorrectly bought-in to a 'wireless transmissions' conveyance of Amelia Earhart's death occurring during a 'Plan B' landfall attempt. Note the more complete Morgenthau statement from the same transcript:
"...we have the report of all those wireless messages and everything else, what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public."

Joseph A. Gervais learned how during "the last few minutes" of her flight,  Amelia Earhart's plane was engaged by Nipponese military pilots who were made aware of her unwarranted air-space encroachment over their territory. The pilots did not know Amelia had missed spotting Howland Island and was seeking an alternate land-mass in the Gilbert Islands to land her plane on--except she had flown too far north toward the lower Marshall Islands. Joseph A. Gervais correctly assessed the White House had learned of such a thing having happened and key members of FDR's administration, to include Morgenthau and FDR himself, were convinced Amelia--along with her navigator, Fred Noonan, had perished into the ocean after being being fired upon. The finality, as displayed in both Morgenthau's and Gibbons' above quotes was the White House choosing "not to make public" the "awful" information it had gleaned that left it believing it was "all over" after what "happened" to Amelia Earhart during her "last few" airborne minutes.

Later, accounts began to surface stating how Amelia had managed to ditch her fuel-exhausted plane on a southern Marshall Islands land-spit with she and Noonan surviving the ordeal. Unfortunately, the event occurred during the onset of Japan's war declaration against China [the infamous Marco Polo Bridge Incident occurred just five days after Earhart and Noonan were declared 'missing'] and the two ended up being rescued by Japan and retrieved for debriefing by its naval authority--unknown to FDR's White House administration at the time.
Considered common knowledge in Japan's former Mandates ever since the event occurred, below is a 1987, 'commemorative stamp series' issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands that details the final leg of Amelia Earhart's world flight attempt that ends depicting Amelia, Fred Noonan and a Japanese naval officer on land, and Amelia's plane being hoisted onto the deck of an Imperial Navy sea tender off shore:



Above, the 50th anniversary commemorative stamp series issued in 1987 by the Republic of the Marshall Islands shows Amelia's 1937 takeoff from Lae, New Guinea; her failure to spot Howland Island; her ditching in the lower Marshall Islands; Amelia, her plane, and her navigator, Noonan, being retreived by Japan's Imperial Navy.


For what it's worth, it was not Japan that was ultimately responsible for covering up Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival. That task fell squarely on the shoulders of the U.S. Federal Government that ended up making a post-war pact with Japan to never publicly revisit the event or aftermath of her disappearance--and both countries always honored it. Then FBI Director, the quietly omnipresent J. Edgar Hoover, was chiefly instrumental there. This is why after World War Two, 'official silence' and non detailed brush-off answers from both governments always greeted inquiries about the post-loss fate of Amelia Earhart.

In the 1960s, when witnesses and other accounts began affirming Amelia's 1937 ditching in the Marshall Islands, false rumors that Japan had possibly executed she and Noonan as spy suspects also came into play. The most common non-denial denials official Japanese attaches began offering about it at that time came from sources who stressed they had 'no awareness' of the duo being picked-up by Japan in 1937, or being harmed by its military--and there is no doubt they were true statements made by the entities that delivered them.

No matter, for beyond the initial seventy-two sworn affidavits gathered overseas in 1960 by Joseph A. Gervais and his then partner, Bob Dinger, that pertained to Amelia Earhart's post-loss existence in Japan's care, (affidavitts publicly confirmed by U.S. Air Force officials stationed at the Fuku Air Base in Japan at the time--before a security classification was placed on the findings of Gervais and Dinger) by the mid-1970s, the number of reputable testimonials affirming the same thing had more than doubled that figure. Sadly, as time continued to pass with no official investigation follow-up offered by the U.S. or Japan, by the end of the century the strongly supported claim of Earhart and Noonan ending up in the Marshalls had evolved to exist as a vague recollection that was overshadowed by newer, unsubtatiated claims.


Where the 'Marshall Islands ending' of Amelia's world flight was the consistent theme among countless testimonials given, (and remains part of the Marshall Islands own history today) Marshallese accounts pertaining to what became of Earhart and Noonan after they were picked up varied. It was about equal where people suggested they either died--or continued to live on.
Enhancing this in 1965, Admiral Chester Nimitz, the Naval Commander of the U.S. Pacific fleet during World War Two--who was put in charge of the Marshall Islands after the U.S. occupied it as the war wound down--divulged to CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner, that it ended up being, "known and documented in Washington" (and remained classified) that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan, "went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by Japan." Except even the admiral was unable to offer details on what became of the duo after that. 


Admiral Chester Nimitz
[Shared a 'withheld Earhart truth' with CBS's Fred Goerner in 1965.]

The above combined evidential data--to go along with so much more gathered over the years--outright defied the 'What happened to Amelia Earhart' null hypothesis. This is why the idea of Amelia Earhart continuing to exist after she was reported missing--and eventually managing to return to the United States with a preference for her future anonymity being co-endorsed by a post-war US-Japan collaboration, was never as far fetched as most people thought. Ultimately as well, it turned out to be true.

"Foudray calls the investigative research of Joe Gervais and Tod Swindell, ""Just the tip of the Iceberg."" "All the evidence all put together, I feel like she [Amelia] did survive. I think she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Lou Foudray, former caretaker of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum (see photo below) is quoted from interviews conducted by Lara Moritz of KMBC TV, Kansas City, and by The Topeka Kansas Capital-Journal's, Jan Biles.


Above, a 2016 photograph of Lou Foudray, Earhart historian and former caretaker of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum on the front porch of the home where Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison, Kansas.


Balloon Rides Anyone?


The above 'hot air balloon' newspaper photo features the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam. She was known, respected, and admired by people in high places worldwide, but those same people never talked about her much. This photo was taken in 1978, when the general public was being misled about her true past by important sounding, all be them 'protective' individuals. This same attitude continues to this day, foremost advanced through the news media by Dr. Tom Crouch and Dorothy Cochrane of the Smithsonian Institution out of respect for the ongoing wishes of Amelia's family. Not to leave out, the strong preference of the Smithsonian's owner [the U.S. Federal government] has always been for people to accept that Amelia Earhart somehow 'died' after she went missing toward the end of her 1937 world flight attempt, even though no authentic evidence of her death taking place then ever existed. In the meantime, wink-and-nod diversions such as the TIGHAR club and Nauticos group surfaced that steered public interest away from taking the idea of Amelia's continued survival with a new name--seriously.

Here, it is important to realize only hearsay ever suggested Amelia Earhart died approximate to when she went missing in 1937, in any way at all. This includes by crashing and sinking, dying a castaway's death on a desert Island, dying of dysentery on Saipan, or being executed by a rogue-Nippon military unit; the four most preveleant theories presented over the years that suggested the way Amelia may have died.

Anymore, however, as hard as it still is for some to believe, the plain truth is the gray-haired 'Irene Bolam' in the balloon basket above, shown with famous golfer, Kathy Whitworth, did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. The general public was just never supposed to know about it; hence leaving the official silence that all-but invented the so-called "mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance."  

The story about the once world-famous person known as 'Amelia Earhart,' who the Twentieth Century left behind in accordance with her own wishes, the wishes of her family, and the wishes of her country, evolved to become the strangest and most convoluted historical yarn ever conjured by modern mankind. Especially over the course of the last half-century, the effort of it managed to successfully influence the worldwide general public into thinking Amelia most likely 'died' after she went missing in 1937. As most elders recall, though, Amelia's death taking place back then felt like a false-truth push from the start.


The two books above, Daughter of the Sky, published in 1960, and especially The Search for Amelia Earhart, a best-seller published in 1966, were first to publicly detail accounts of Amelia's ongoing 'quiet' survival in Japan's care after she went missing in 1937. However, neither book was able to offer a solid answer to the question of what became of Amelia after being stewarded by Japan. Sadly, by the end of the Twentieth Century both books were all but forgotten.   


Lost Star
"My good friend, Randall Brink, provided my 1996 introduction to Joe Gervais, who Randall came to know as well as anyone in the 1980s and 1990s. Randall authored the landmark book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart issued in 1994 by the W.W. Norton Publishing House of New York and Bloomsbury Press of London. An international best seller those years ago, for anyone interested in the lead up to Amelia's 1937 world flight and its controversial outcroppings after she failed to reach Howland Island, this book is for you. Included in Lost Star, during his wrap up, Randall was sure to notate, ""One tantalizingly persistent account has Amelia supposedly returning to the U.S. and assuming a new identity."" Randall Brink wrote this sentence in his book twenty-four years after the general public had been persuaded to conclude there was no controversy over Irene Craigmile Bolam's true identity, as initiated by the former Amelia Earhart herself. Recall her later life friend, Monsigner James Francis Kelley's mention to Donald DeKoster, ""After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."" His comment ostensibly referred to what Amelia endured after she went missing, leading up to and then including the World War Two era. Can we blame her for coming to feel the way she did without knowing her reasons for it?" Tod Swindell 


©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'
Click on the above image to go to Page Three to learn more about The Swindell Study, or stay on this page to continue to be enlightened about the subdued reality of Amelia Earhart.

The 1997-2017 SWINDELL STUDY:
1.) FORENSICALLY PROVED MORE THAN ONE TWENTIETH CENTURY WOMAN had been attributed to the SAME 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity.
2.) FORENSICALLY PROVED the Irene Craigmile Bolam who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965, as consistently displayed in hundreds of physical and character trait comparisons, ALIGNED WITH AMELIA EARHART IN EVERY WAY.
3.) FORENSICALLY PROVED the Irene Craigmile Bolam in the photo taken in 1965 by Joseph A. Gervais on the day he met her WAS NOT IDENTIFIABLE ANYWHERE AS 'IRENE' prior to the World War Two years. This is because, against the grain of official United States history that legally declared Amelia Earhart 'dead in absentia' in 1939, and contrary to upper echelon official history attitudes (that would rather not have to contend with the inconvenient reality of it) she most definitely had been, previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
4.) The Swindell Study over-challenged the null hypothesis that stated Amelia Earhart disappeared without a trace in 1937 and was never seen again. It did so by combining incontestable forensic research findings with incontestable forensic comparison results that exhibited Amelia Earhart alive and well known either as Irene Craigmile or Irene Bolam in the latter part of the Twentieth Century.
As a result of its above discovered realities, as hard as it still may be for so many to believe and accept, The 1997-2017 Swindell Study forensically confirmed Joseph A. Gervais was correct in 1970, when he asserted his belief that the Irene Craigmile Bolam in the 1965 35MM photograph he took, displayed directly below in full color, was not the original Irene Craigmile. RATHER, she actually was the former Amelia Earhart, just as he had professed the last forty-years of his life.


The post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam, AKA "the former Amelia Earhart" as photographed by USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (Ret.) August 8, 1965.


Amelia Earhart 


Irene-Amelia superimposed


Below: The Plural Irenes


Below are the three different Twentieth Century women who were all attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity. The far left column photos of the original Irene Craigmile date from 1930 to 1933. In the middle column, the top photo was identified by her 1934 born son as his mother, 'Irene Craigmile' in a written statement featured in The Swindell Study. He estimated the photo was taken "around 1940." (Note: She was actually his surrogate mother. She is also a human wild-card; to date no one is certain who she really was or where she came from. Her older image adorned the cover of Irene Bolam's 1982 Memorial Dinner program, leaving one to wonder which Irene died in 1982; the one identified by her son, or the one who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965?) The far right column photos are dated '1946' and '1965.' The 1946 image depicts the earliest known photo displaying the former Amelia Earhart in the United States newly re-identified as 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two.


Above, Amelia's long-ago acquaintance, the original Irene Craigmile (1932-1933) next to one of the plane's she learned to fly in.


The original Irene Craigmile in 1930 between her husband and father. Below, contrast enhanced.
©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'



The second, 'early 1940s' Irene Craigmile ID'd by her son.
©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above, a "1970s" dated photo of the Irene Craigmile Bolam identified by her son, adorning the cover of her Memorial Dinner program. Below the younger and older versions from above are superimposed, displaying one in the same human being. She was not the same Irene Craigmile Bolam who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965, even though according to history she should have been:


©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above: The third post-war 'new' Irene Craigmile in 1946. Below, the same photo combined with an Amelia photo.


©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above, the 1965 Joe Gervais photo of Irene Craigmile Bolam. Below, superimposed with an Amelia photo. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Below: This poor quality photo shown in full frame and close-up was of a questionable origin. It appeared in a 1982 newspaper series that identified the person as, "Irene M. O'Crowley" (her maiden name) who eventually went on to wed Charles Craigmile in 1928. The series dated the photo, "1908-1914." That would have meant, according to record, "Irene M. O'Crowley" was anywhere from four to ten years old at the time the photo was taken.