The Latent History Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
About 'Protecting Earhart'
Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
Why The Public Never Knew What Happened To Amelia
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
TIGHAR's Misguided 'Nikumaroro Castaways' Claim
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew More Aware During The World War Two Era...
Photo Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Options For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

Welcome To Protecting Earhart's ''
Eighty years ago Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared while flying around the world. This website provides a thorough review of the most pertinent information learned about it over the years by reputable investigators.
[ previews the forensic analysis, documentary, and MSS, Protecting Earhart. [U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


Protecting Earhart devoted years to examining unanswered questions about Amelia Earhart's controversial disappearance. If you are interested in learning about its findings, and the mind-boggling 'triplicate-saga' of the enigmatic Irene Bolam, you've come to the right place.

What 'Protecting Earhart' Conveys...

"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."

Arthur Schopenhauer

On The Outdated Amelia Earhart Mystery...
"During the past two decades the forensic truth on what happened to Amelia Earhart after she was said to have 'disappeared without a trace' in 1937 grew to be obvious. Unfortunately, the U.S. press circuit and its national history stewards evolved to regard Amelia Earhart in a way likened to Santa Claus; they promote her legacy as a mystery only due to its popularity in American culture--and the convenience of not having to address or present the truth." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell

Truth Be Known...

Webster’s: truth plural truths play \ˈtrüt͟hz, ˈtrüths\ 1a (1) :the body of real things, events, and facts: actuality (2) :the state of being the case: fact (3) often capitalized :a transcendent fundamental or spiritual reality b :a judgment, proposition, or idea that is true or accepted as true c :the body of true statements and propositions

The truth about what became of Amelia Earhart after she went missing in 1937 was first learned and conveyed by World War Two veteran heroes in the 1960s and 1970s. It just wasn't acknowledged to the public then, and it didn't become an observable forensic reality until decades later.
Opinions about Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight ending have been swayed in different directions over many years time by a variety of conflicting theories and theorists. Rest assured knowing, the controversial 'Amelia Earhart' information discovered and presented in the new millennium by Protecting Earhart is very real. 
Open-minded people who read, carefully observe, and seriously contemplate the top half of the information displayed on this first page end up convinced the truth about Amelia Earhart has been known for some time.
Others who have a hard time believing what they observe here will likely remain in denial.

Plate from a 1987 Marshall Islands stamp series
Earhart's Electra shown ending-up in the Marshall Islands

Above: In 2002, Alfred Capelle, the Marshall Islands Amabassador to the United Nations told Associated Press reporter, Ron Staton, "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937," and that her arrival there when the Marshalls were under the governing authority of Japan had always been viewed as "common knowledge" among his country's people since the World War Two era. In their later years, USN Admiral Chester Nimitz and USN Admiral Richard Blackburn Black both admitted how during the war the classified knowledge of Amelia Earhart having been 'picked-up in the Marshall Islands and detained by Japan' had been "known and documented in Washington" [Nimitz] and "passed through high-level military channels." [Black]
It's interesting to note here as well, a few rumors that emanted from U.S. military sources during the war years described different ways Amelia met her demise while in Japan's custody: 'She died of severe dysentery' or 'she was executed by a Japanese firing squad' or 'she died in a Japanese Betty Bomber plane crash' were significantly featured among them. The truth remains: No conclusive evidence ever existed supporting the suggestion of Amelia Earhart having died while in Japan's custody.
"Given the inordinate circumstances of the July of 1937 time period that left Japan, China, and the United States all precariously involved with each other, Japan would not have been so reckless as to endorse or allow the death of Amelia Earhart in any way after it picked her up in the Marshall Islands. The Harvard educated, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto had basically been put in charge of Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands the year before. He and his fellow countrymen knew well who Amelia Earhart was, and understanding the gravity of the situation as Japan's communication lines with the U.S. broke down, Yamamoto was certain to make sure Amelia remained safe." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell


Protecting Earhart's new-millennium investigation lifted the 'official silence' veil from the truth about Amelia Earhart by forensically proving what became of her after she was said to have 'disappeared wihout a trace.'

"After World War Two ended, the United States took Japan's government and its Emperor, Hirohito under its wing. U.S. General Douglas MacArthur all-but served as Japan's 'President' while he resided in Japan the next four years, and worked closely with Hirohito. There is virtually no-doubt an agreement between the two countries was made early-on during MacArthur's tenure, that left the war-era matter of Amelia Earhart never to be discussed, revisited, or addressed in a public way by the governments of either country. Thus was born the 'official silence in Washington and Tokyo' credo about Amelia Earhart that has remained ever since, as cited by Selig Altschull and Marylin Bender in their 1982 landmark book, The Chosen Instrument." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell  
Note: This website is not monetized. It advertises nothing but the truth. Protecting Earhart posted it for the purpose of delivering historical enlightenment to those who sincerely wish to know what became of Amelia Earhart after July 2, 1937, and why the 'official silence' credo about her actual world flight ending has prevailed since the World War Two era.

As Decades Passed
As decades passed following the World War Two era, much information was discovered that pertained to Amelia Earhart's unanticipated world-flight ending. To reach its inarguable forensic conclusion, Protecting Earhart's long-term investigation on what happened to Amelia included a close examination of the work of several previous investigators--who commonly determined that Amelia most likely continued to 'live-on' amid complex war-time circumstances. From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books attested to this non-publicized reality, with each including how Amelia outlived the war and opted for a new identity for the sake of her future privacy. The two most recent ones published in the new millennium [2004's Amelia Earhart Survived and 2016's Amelia Earhart Beyond The Grave] were driven by the gained knowledge of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis results.

The Twenty-Year Journey of Protecting Earhart
From the mid-1990s on, Protecting Earhart analyzed and expanded on the previous investigative research of Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Vincent Loomis, Randall Brink, Donald Moyer Wilson, and Rollin Reineck. Each devoted decades to unconvering the non-conveyed realities of Amelia Earhart's last flight, with their individual efforts resulting in the following published works:

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
A Best Seller; concluded Amelia went down in the Marshall Islands and ended up in Japan's custody.
1970 Joe Klaas book re: Joe Gervais' investigation
A best seller, concluded Amelia survived WWII in Japan's custody and later assumed a new identity

Don Wilson's 1993 book, Amelia Earhart Lost Legend
Cited numerous former Mandate Islands accounts re: Amelia's survival under Japan's stewardship

By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
The first book to promote the new millennium work of Protecting Earhart

Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
Proved the U.S. government withheld crucial information concerning Amelia's disappearance

Above: Randall Brink's investigative classic, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton 1993. A recognized 'War In The Pacific' historian, from 1980 on Mr. Brink extensively investigated the same 'Mili Atoll ditching' outcome concerning Amelia's last flight that had not been conveyed to the American public. Connie Chung profiled Lost Star's revealing content when she anchored the CBS Evening News. Randall Brink detailed and expounded on the non-publicized reality of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ditching at Mili in the Marshall Islands where they were picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. It also substantiated the suggestion of Amelia having quietly survived World War Two in Japan's care, and resurfaced the previously dismissed 1970s postulation of Amelia continuing to live beyond the war in anonymity by choice. Mr. Brink was among selected invitees to Mrs. Irene Bolam's lavish memorial dinner that took place in October of 1982, four months after she died. Decades later, Protecting Earhart discovered how three women had been attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity, and one of them definitely had been, previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
The photographic and character traits data that made Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis possible had been withheld for years by the Amelia Earhart Society [the 'AES'] located in Broomfield, Colorado. Founded in the 1980s by the now-late William Prymak, a significant part of Mr. Prymak's AES objective was to whitewash the never resolved controversy about Mrs. Irene Bolam. When the AES disbanded in the new millennium, Protecting Earhart managed to obtain the data needed to conduct its revealing forensic analysis.
Below, meet Protecting Earhart's "Gervais-Irene Bolam"

Amelia, age 31, from her book, 'The Fun Of It'

1977, one of three 'Irenes' who used the same ID.
Wings pinned on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s

"She was intelligent, articulate, and had a commanding presence. She knew a lot of important people including many high-ranking military officers, astronauts and flyers." 1997 quote of Mrs. John Bolam, the survived sister-in-law of the above pictured, Gervais-Irene Bolam

Japan, 1963
AE superimposed

Cocoa Beach, NASA, 1965
1935 AE superimposed

In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...

"I can offer in evidence two people whom you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais. [See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial language use, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly stated the two people she referenced knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. The 'two people' were Amelia's 1930s' pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after the World War Two era. Note as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Below: Two handwriting comparison samples from Protecting Earhart's document examination portion of its forensic analysis. The cursive letter words came from separate handwriting samples of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's that were compared and evaluated.   

Gervais-Irene from a 1967 letter to Joe Gervais
Protecting Earhart's study added Amelia's "Amelia M. Earhart" high school signature

Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart

Above: Examples from well over a hundred physical and character trait comparisons that are part of Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic analysis.
Below: Beyond the physical and character trait congruences, another key, controversial discovery made within Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis was the realization of three different women having been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity, with the third 'Irene' shown on the far right appearing nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s:

The original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
A past acquaintance of Amelia's, shown with her husband Charles and her father, Joe.
The 'second' Irene Craigmile, early 1940s.
The 1934 born son of the original Irene recalled this woman as his childhood mother.
The third Irene Craigmile in 1946
Became 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' after her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England

                            Original Irene                                                              Non Gervais-Irene                                   Gervais-Irene       
The forensic analysis proved how only the Irene Craigmile shown above in 1946 on the far right, who was identified nowhere as Irene prior to the mid-1940s, forensically matched Amelia Earhart. The 1934 born son of the original Irene stated he held no photos of his mother from his childhood. The above middle photo of the woman he recognized as his 'childhood mother' had been withheld from public view by the Amelia Earhart Society until after it disbanded in the new millennium. The original Irene Craigmile shown on the far left between her first husband and father no longer appeared extant by the end of World War Two. [The original Irene's first husband, Charles Craigmile died in 1931. Further down is a brief biographical portrait of the original Irene Craigmile who Amelia had been acquainted with in the 1930s.] For separation simplicity, Protecting Earhart's study labeled the three different Irenes who used the same identity as 1.) The Original Irene [above far left]  2.) The Non Gervais-Irene [above middle] and 3.) The Gervais-Irene [above far right.]
Note: The "Gervais" label denotes USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (1924-2005) who met, photographed, and conversed with the above far-right displayed 'Irene' at a gathering of prominent retired pilots in New York in 1965. On the day they met she was accompanied by her English husband, Guy Bolam, and she introduced herself as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' to him. Major Gervais noticed an eerie resemblance Mrs. Bolam had to Amelia Earhart, and an air of prominence she carried that featured a high level of respect shown to her by the other attendees. When they met, Major Gervais had been investigating Amelia's disappearance for a number of years, and he had been invited to New York--all expenses paid--to lecture to the senior aviators' group about his investigation findings by Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, a 'good friend' of Mrs. Bolam's. After sensing it right away, then carefully evaluating her ambiguous past for the next five years, Major Gervais spent the remainder of his days to his death in 2005 avowing she had previously been known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
Without ANY serious follow-up investigation made by ANY entity or person to determine the veracity of Major Gervais' assertion about Mrs. Bolam, the public was instead led to believe it was all a hoax, due in large part to the 1970 McGraw-Hill book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. The book over-embellished what Major Gervais had claimed by way of introducing a variety of odd suppositions--within its attempt to describe how Amelia ended up the way she did. The woman in question, the 'Gervais-Irene' [Mrs. Bolam] sued McGraw-Hill, Joe Klaas and Joe Gervais for libelous statements found within the book's sordid embellishments, NOT for implicating her as 'the former Amelia Earhart.' After five years worth of summary judgment proceedings, McGraw-Hill was ordered to pay Mrs. Bolam a high five-figures sum. She had sued Klaas and Gervais for an additional sum in excess of one-million dollars, but after rejecting Major Gervais' request that she submit her fingerprints to prove who she was (or wasn't), her refusal left both sides settling the case with ten-dollar considerations paid to each other in January of 1976. This was the true end-result of the case. [Note: Mrs. Bolam's attorney during the summary judgment proceedings had been Benedict Ginsberg, who had previously been part of U.S. Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy's legal team during the Jimmy Hoffa trials.]
Today, reality shows how any serious official investigation, if one had been conducted back then, would have blown the lid off the truth and proved Major Gervais correct within the public arena. [Note: To date there has never been an official investigation that looked into the disappearance of, or the missing person case of Amelia Earhart.]

"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." New millennium newspaper quote about the Gervais-Irene Bolam and Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis from John Bolam, the Gervais-Irene's survived brother-in-law

Anymore, An Obvious Reality...  
Mid-Late 1940s, Enter The 'New' Irene Craigmile
After the 'new' Irene Craigmile emerged in the United States following the World War Two years, twenty more years would pass before anyone would suspect her as the former Amelia Earhart. By then she was 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' as a result of her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England. As the debate about her enigmatic persona and odd air of importance continued to grow in the 1970s and 1980s, even some of her family and friends began to struggle with the question of her true identity. It wasn't until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place that the person she used to be finally became self-evident:


Once again... "All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."

Arthur Schopenhauer


Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No, I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
"...all the admirals and generals seemed to know her."

Top: Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self combined
Bottom row, far left; Amelia; middle, her future self; right, Amelia

What History Itself Recalls...

The Vincent Loomis account...
Published by Randam House in 1985

Above: Vincent Loomis and his co-author, Jeffrey Ethell published the well researched & detailed book, Amelia Earhart: The Final Story in 1985. It was the first book to feature significant back-up proof to complement the previous work of previous renowned investigators Paul Briand, Fred Goerner, and Joe Gervais. Mr. Loomis solidified the conclusion of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan going down at Mili Atoll where they were picked up by Japan and transported to Jaluit by way of its sea tender, the Koshu. Japan verified the Koshu had been ordered to head for the Marshalls to search for Earhart and Noonan the day they were reported missing, July 2. [Note: Japan refused to allow the United States to search the Marshalls. After agreeing to conduct its own search there, no results were ever forwarded to the United States from its government.] Mr. Loomis located Imperial Navy records indicating the Koshu first arrived at Jaluit on July 9, 1937. A Marshallese medical intern who worked at a Japanese run facility on Jaluit, Bilimon Amaron, described how he was summoned at that time by a Japanese officer to tend to Noonan's 'knee and head wounds.' While doing so aboard the Koshu, Amaron saw Amelia nearby among some Japanese naval officers, and he noticed her plane hoisted in a sling at the ship's stern. He also described Fred Noonan saying something to him as he dressed his knee wound, but Biliman spoke no english back then. [He did speak Japanese and overheard side conversations Japanese officers had about the duo being picked up near Mili.] The Koshu then returned to Mili to reclaim the flying team's coral reef crash site, and it circled back to Jaluit where it again arrived on July 13. [Note: After World War Two, many other eyewitness and first-hand accounts from the Marshall Islands and its surrounding Pacific Islands region surfaced as well.]

Along with the large amount of telling information his book presented, Vincent Loomis also learned how three days after Amelia was reported missing, Japan's Ambassador to the United States, Hiroshi Saito dispatched a 'coded' "Most Urgent" message to Japan's Foreign Minister, Koki Hirota on July 5, to convey the U.S. had accepted Japan's offer to search the Marshalls for Earhart and Noonan. Except on July 7, the same day Japan declared war on China, after the U.S. announced its additional massive U.S. Navy search effort had commenced in the same Pacific region, Hirota grew concerned. It was clear Japan did not want any U.S. ships or planes surveying its Imperial Mandates that the Marshalls were a significant part of, so Hirota swiftly cabled Japan's Consul-General Fukuma in Honolulu to request he visit the U.S. Naval Command there--to get assurance that no Japanese territories were to be approached by the U.S. during its search effort for Earhart and Noonan. Although the U.S. suspected Amelia may well have ended up in the Marshalls, assurance was given to Fukuma that it would stay clear of its mandates.
The Tokyo Rescue Leak
Vincent Loomis also discovered a 'news leak' about Earhart's rescue had occurred, prompting Foreign Minister Hirota to send another "Most Urgent" message to Japan's England Ambassador Yoshida, about a 'July 13' international news dispatch from London, one also picked up by India's UNI newswire service that emanated from Tokyo, announcing that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan had been rescued by a Japanese ship. Hirota was flummoxed after Japan's own Advertiser learned of it. [The Advertiser was a 1930s Tokyo newspaper that would later merge with the Tokyo Times.] Mr. Loomis was unable to locate any response from Ambassador Yoshida to Foreign Minister Hirota, and follow-up attempts to identify the source of the 'Earhart and Noonan rescued' article by the U.S. were unsuccessful after Foreign Minister Hirota managed to further censor it. Japan's Ambassador to the United States, Hiroshi Saito, who had wired Tokyo from Washington DC about the story, did not disclose the actual reply he received from his government, leaving both Ambassadors Saito and Yoshida to further claim ignorance. Their communications about Earhart's rescue report took place between July 14 and July 20, 1937, exhibiting 'perfect timing' when collocated with the flying duo's pick-up at Mili Atoll and days-later arrival at Jaluit. U.S. Secretary of State, Cordell Hull had requested verification from Ambassador Saito about the rescue story on July 15, the day after the newswire made its way into a few U.S. newspapers. Ambassador Saito's short, typed reply to Secretary of State Hull was received on July 20. Simply and cordially, he expressed no knowledge of Amelia having been rescued by his country. By then, however, his country's newly declared war against China was almost two-weeks underway and dominating worldwide headlines, and with the U.S. having clearly shown its support for China by placing embargos on exported goods to Japan, it obliterated what was left of the already 'heavily clouded by suspicion' communication lines that had existed between the two countries even before Amelia went missing.
How The World War Two U.S. Alliance With China Initially Took Form, And The Way It Affected Japan's Viewpoint Of Its Detainee, Amelia Earhart:
Just before she went missing on July 2, 1937, during the previous month of June while Amelia was still flying around the world, U.S. Army Captain, Claire Lee Chennault, while posing as a civilian, had just arrived in China ensuring the U.S. alliance to the country by helping to train and build its air force under the supportive guise of China's leader, Chiang Kai-shek. The epilogue of Japan's July 7, 1937 declared war against China that was concurrent with its detainment of Amelia Earhart, began with Chennault accepting a position as China's chief  army air advisor immediately after Japan's war declaration. The move marked the birth of the covert U.S. Flying Tigers geared to help China's war effort against Japan. This was soon followed by Germany's November of 1937 announcement of forming its alliance pact with Italy, its 1939 invasion of Poland that was immediately followed by England's declaration of war against Germany, then Japan's 1940 announced alliance with Germany and Italy to complete the unified formation of the Axis powers, and finally, the U.S. entering World War Two in 1941 after Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Amelia? After being picked up by Japan in an area she was not supposed to be anywhere near during the early days of this world-stage turmoil, she segued into existing as a metaphorical held-knight in a heated war-time chess match.

Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.

A Few 2002-2014 New Millennium Press Notices Re: Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell

The Associated Press
"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." The now late John Bolam, referring to Tod Swindell's 'New Millennium, Protecting Earhart Forensic Analysis' as quoted in an Associated Press article by Ron Staton. John Bolam was the survived brother of the Gervais-Irene Bolam's British husband, Guy who she wed in 1958. John and his wife often enjoyed the company of his brother and sister-in-law, Irene throughout the 1960s and 70s. He began suspecting his sister-in-law to have been the 'former' Amelia Earhart after the book Amelia Earhart Lives came out in 1970, that implicated the reality of her true past. Protecting Earhart's study convinced him it was true. John Bolam also suspected his brother, Guy, Irene's later life husband who was born and raised in England, and who ran Radio Luxembourg in his later years, to have been linked to MI-5.
Scoop Archives, National Press Circuit of New Zealand by Rosalea Barker
About an 'Earhart Research Symposium' that Ms. Rosalea Barker of New Zealand had attended with three hundred other curious souls, before drawing her conclusion further below she described the event in a way that had long been atypical of how differing theorists regarded the polarizing Amelia Earhart disappearance subject matter:
"For two days many knowledgeable people had been explaining their theories and supporting them with the fruits of their research to the point where I felt like I was trying to separate black sheep from white in a computer game that kept randomly changing the colour of sheep. Just when I thought all the facts had been marshalled in support of one theory, those same facts would be marshalled in support of another, completely opposite one."
Ms. Barker further included:
"After watching some video [of Tod Swindell's documentary footage, who presented and spoke at the event] and looking at the self-published book by researcher, Tod Swindell, who employed the methods and expertise of forensic anthropologists to compare Amelia Earhart and Irene Bolam physically, I think Joe Gervais was right." Rosalea Barker, of Scoop Archives, New Zealand. Often a stateside New Zealand News Journalist, Ms. Barker had just attended the Oakland Western Aerospace Museum's 'Earhart Research Symposium,' that left her believing in the stark reality (and simplicity, really) of the Gervais-Irene Bolam having been previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'  
The Topeka Capital-Journal
"Foudray said she understands why Earhart would not want her identity known after returning to the United States. ""She was tired of being famous and her privacy was important to her,"" she said. Foudray also believes the research of Gervais and Swindell is "just the tip of the iceberg."" Lou Foudray of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum in Atchison, Kansas. From a Topeka Capital-Journal Article by Jan Biles
The Contra Costa Times

"Tod Swindell, an Earhart researcher since 1991, told the audience Saturday, ""The executive branch of the government was aware of Earhart on a level the rest of the public wasn't."" Swindell discussed letters, tapes and presidential communications that surfaced many years after Earhart's disappearance that provided tenuous clues." Linda Davis, The Contra Costa Times
Forensic Study Reaction Statements: 
"I have carefully studied the overlays and your presentation. Your conclusion that there were plural Irene Bolams has completely convinced me that this is indeed the case. You have also convinced me that the Gervais-Irene was AE. Incredible. You have quite an impressive package there. Keep charging - Gene." From a note to Tod Swindell from Retired Navy Rear Admiral, Eugene Tissot. Eugene Tissot's Father, Ernie was a friend of Amelia's who had served as her head plane mechanic during her 1935 Hawaii to Oakland flight. This was Gene Tissot's response to his examination of the first distributed forensic analysis results packet he was one of four original recipients of.
"Your work relating to AE and IB is absolutely outstanding. There is no other way to describe it. I just wanted you to know that I have nothing but admiration for you and I am honored and proud to be on the winning team." From a note written by USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) to Tod Swindell. Colonel Reineck was one of the four original recipients of the first distributed forensic analysis results. Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published through the Paragon Agency, duly crediting Swindell's forensic argument achievements. Featured in Reineck's book from pages 156 to 165 are several samples of photos separating the different identified 'Irene's' reproduced directly from the Protecting Earhart analysis.   


The Protecting Earhart Story In Brief

By Tod Swindell


[Supported by a half-century of investigative research on Amelia Earhart's disappearance, while noting how the long-ago assertion of Amelia continuing to live-on for some time after she went missing was never disproved, Protecting Earhart's organic website, Irene-Amelia.Com has been viewable on-line via service provider, Web.Com since 2007.]

Seventy years prior to 2007, after not locating Howland Island and with no mention of her plane having any mechanical trouble, according to record Amelia Earhart stopped transmitting messages after her ambiguous 'last words' of "We are running north and south" were received. With the public not knowing the final direction she ended up steering her plane, the 'mystery' of what happened to Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan inauspiciously began at that point. Since then, over the years the long and complex entanglement of what actually happened to the two fliers slowly took form in tandem with people's growing curiosity--that evolved into a worldwide obsession.
In the interim, by the late 1960s, especially after CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner's groundbreaking expose' about Amelia Earhart's last flight, The Search For Amelia Earhart was published in 1966, people were at last accepting the long suspected reality of Earhart and Noonan getting lost in the shuffle of the pre-World War Two era after their emergency ditching took place in the Marshall Islands. Many eyewitnesses were still living then, with the vast majority of them offering how ever since the event occurred there existed a 'common awareness' among Marshallese people that Amelia and Fred Noonan ended up there [an 'awareness' that still exists throughout the Marshalls and its surrounding Pacific Islands region today] but they feared Japan's oppressive military rule during that time period, and remained 'uncertain' of what became of the flying duo after the Nipponese Imperial Navy rescued and subsequently detained them.
[Note: Amelia's flight log featuring her final radio messages was withheld by the White House for over a year before it reluctantly agreed to release it--after being pressured to do so. Early on, several investigators determined the White House version was adjusted to suit public consumption before it was released. Their deduction was solidified after Fred Goerner's discovery of a U.S. 0-2 Intelligence file dated 'November 1938' that referenced Amelia having transmitted her final decision to maintain a 'northern heading,' and her continuing to, 'transmit at intervals as her signals gradually weakened' after doing so, contradicting the version released by the White House.]
Goerner's investigation included cooperation from former U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet Admiral, Chester Nimitz, who in 1965 admitted it was "true" and "documented in Washington DC" that Earhart and Noonan "went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." Goerner's additional detailed and indexed research was so impressive that it paved the way for The Search for Amelia Earhart to occupy the top spot on the New York Times best seller list for several weeks.
In his book's final summation, with various accounts relayed to Goerner that described Amelia's fate after she ended up in Japan's custody, the CBS Radio reporter did his best to answer the question of how Amelia likely died. His investigation showed Amelia was transferred to a Nippon military hub on Saipan after she was rescued in the Marshalls. Once there, according to different accounts relayed to Goerner, she ended up sequestered at a facility known as the 'Kobayashi Royokan,' a former hotel on Saipan taken over by Japan's military. After that, via additional information Goerner gleaned from local sources, he learned how Amelia had come down with a harmful, mysterious illness, and deduced she had likely been stricken with severe dysentery. Goerner wrapped up his landmark book by suggesting Amelia may have died from the affliction. Locals had described to Goerner how Amelia, 'no longer lived' at the Kobayashi Royokan following her bout with the illness. Yet the basic truth was, she had merely gone missing again.
Later, some varying accounts that Amelia may have been executed for spying on Japan's installations also came into existence. In the early 1940s, even a few U.S. Navy officials were subscribing to this idea. In 1942 the U.S. Navy itself planned to make a 'WWII propaganda' movie about it, although the idea was scrapped. However to Goerner, Admiral Nimitz would not verify that Amelia Earhart's execution had actually occurred. Especially after measuring an OSS rumor [Office of Strategic Services, the CIA's predecessor] that seemed to promote yet another offering of Amelia having 'died in a plane crash' during her post-VJ Day liberation process.
Adding the above to the words of Admiral Nimitz' fellow top-brass Navy friend, retired USN Commander, John Pillsbury, who mentioned to Fred Goerner that by his 'digging for the truth' on what really happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan, he was on to something that would "stagger his imagination," one could only wonder about all of what Amelia's world flight ending ultimately amounted to.
It came to be the case, where as solid as the information was conveying how Earhart and Noonan ended-up in Japan's custody after flying off course, determining exactly what happened to the duo afterward hit one rumor-mill detour after another, thus creating the persistent, long-lasting guessing game that characterized the so-called 'mystery' Amelia Earhart's disappearance story became. 
The TIGHAR and Nauticos Fallacies
In lieu of all of the above information, most assuredly, by the mid-1980s an overt campaign to debunk the otherwise extensive Marshall Islands research findings had commenced with the formation of TIGHAR, a group led by one well-funded Richard Gillespie that came to exist just prior to Elgen Long's other new privately funded group, 'Nauticos' did. Since then, both individuals worked tirelessly at persuading the public to believe the information researched and presented by Briand, Goerner, Gervais, Brink, Loomis and several other previous investigators, was worthless. They did so so by claiming their own differing suggested endings of Amelia's last flight were correct, with Mr. Gillespie fervently insisting Amelia and Fred Noonan died on a remote deserted Pacific atoll, while Mr. Long concluded they simply crashed and sank near their intended destination of Howland Island.
TIGHAR and Nauticos are still going strong today, accompanied by quiet nods from the U.S. justice department with its long-maintained 'official silence' stance toward Amelia's loss all-but welcoming their high profile invented diversions. More detailed, Richard Gillespie offered how when they missed Howland, as Amelia and Fred Noonan continued to fly-on, with no previous mention to anyone they elected to blindly steer hundreds of miles below the equator into the desert ocean--where they went down on the uninhabited 'Gardner Island' [now known as 'Nikumaroro'] and perished as castaways. A remarkable Pied Piper like individual, Mr. Gillespie managed to lead masses of curious individuals to his far-fetched ocean, where of course, after many of them drained their pockets to help fund his expedition efforts, they metaphorically drowned in its false-hope waters. It appears few of them paid attention to the fact that the Smithsonian Institution never deemed any of Mr. Gillespie's claims or his recovered items from the once inhabited Nikumaroro, as linked to Amelia's 1937 disappearance. [The Smithsonian has, however, cautiously afforded credence to the Marshall Islands ending of Amelia's flight.] Even so, TIGHAR sports a nice looking Internet site that over time, along with Richard Gillespie's dogmatic posturing, managed to ensconce him as 'the media darling' of the Earhart mystery world.
Elgen Long promoted the U.S. government's preferred viewpoint for the public to adhere to ever since the event of Amelia's so-called 'disappearance' took place. Mr. Long offered how after failing to locate Howland, Amelia and Fred Noonan ultimately crashed and sank fathoms deep into the Pacific within a two hundred mile radius of it. Dismissed in Mr. Long's determination, was how according to the Lockheed experts who built Amelia's plane it still had enough fuel on board for at least four-to-six hours of additional flying time in the event she and Noonan missed Howland Island. Furthermore, both Mr. Long and Mr. Gillespie discounted Amelia's mention of her 'Plan B' to reserve enough fuel to head back to the British Gilbert Islands chain should such a thing as their missing Howland Island occurr. [The Marshall Islands, part of the Gilbert's same archipelago, are situated just north of the Gilberts.]
Contrary to the ideas issued by Gillespie and Long, the credibly substantiated, albeit, previously arcane information Protecting Earhart displays that was initially discovered and revealed on a national level by the earlier investigators listed above, has never been disproved or over-challenged. Just the same, by now people have heard so many different things about Amelia's disappearance due to the newer, differing claims made by Gillespie, Long, and a variety of other latecomer theorists, that coupled with the deflecting "official silence" long maintained by the United States and Japan toward the 1937 Earhart-loss matter, that enabled both countries to ever avoid seriously addressing Amelia's old 'missing person' case in a public way, a segue into obfuscation occurred that left today's general population no longer familiar with the true-gist of the controversy.
Recognizing the Amelia Earhart world flight story's long-term maturation process and what the learned details of her disappearance ultimately amounted to, Protecting Earhart revived the true controversy that pertained to Amelia's loss and returned it to the profound level it originally came to rest at in the 1960s and 1970s. The 286 page MSS Protecting Earhart was first registered and filed at the WGAw in 2004, and was renewed in five year increments until being fully copyrighted in 2014.
As well, anymore, answering the long-asked question of whether or not Amelia Earhart continued to exist for decades after she was picked up by Japan in 1937 is easily done with three words: Absolutely, she did. The public was just never supposed to know about it. Conceptually, though, her choosing to live out her life as a non-famous person after World War Two should not be so hard to understand or accept. As the Gervais-Irene, she had shared her post-war 'Irene' identity with two other women to obscure who she used to be. Why? Perhaps her later-life friend and confidant, Monsignor James Francis Kelley's 1987 quote explained it best: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." [Note: "All she'd been through" referred to what Amelia endured from mid-1937 to mid-1945, the time period she was gone from view.]
Far be it from anyone to blame Amelia Earhart for feeling the way she did after the tumultuous war years, that left her preferring to live out the rest of her life in a non-public way. Today, however, thirty-five years after the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' died in 1982, when the learned truth so obviously stares back at the curious public, it should no longer be ignored.
Here's to the ones who dream
Foolish as they may seem
Here's to the hearts that ache
Here's to the mess we make
From La La Land's, 'Audition'
Below: Reviewing the result of Amelia's World War Two transition:

The Gervais-Irene in Japan, 1963...
...identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, the truth stares back
Equally superimposed...
...with her former 'Amelia' self, Protecting Earhart's study left it obvious...

Amelia to her future Gervais-Irene self
The Gervais-Irene to her former Amelia self

"Richard Gillespie said the photos [in reference to Protecting Earhart's comparison study of the Gervais-Irene and Amelia] didn't line up." A quote from a 2017 Popular Mechanics article. ["Really? He said that? Because as seen in well over a hundred head-to-toe full body comparisons, they all 'lined up.' I have no idea what he was looking at or talking about." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell]


"Also, special recognition to Tod Swindell who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart, to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck, reprinted from the Preface in his book, Amelia Earhart Survived.
How Protecting Earhart's Forensic Analysis Was Initiated
"I found it hard to believe, after directly learning from World War Two veterans and famed investigative authors, USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais and USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck before they passed on in 2005 and 2007 respectively, that the same 'Irene,' who for over three decades they had claimed with steadfast certainty used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart,' had never been forensically compared to Amelia, nor had her full-life story ever been scrutinized in anything close to a forensic manner. Gervais remarked he never needed a comparison analysis. He offered that when he met her in 1965 among other prominent retired pilots in New York, he felt he recognized her right away, and after his own five-year follow up investigation of her past he was left accepting, and even embracing the truth of who she used to be. Finally, after listening to Colonel Reineck's recorded interview of former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley [1902-1996] who outright confirmed his late close friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' within it, I decided it was long overdue for a forensic analysis to be conducted that would compare the physical beings and character traits of Amelia and said 'Irene' to each other, and that said 'Irene's' life-long past should be seriously looked into as well. During the course of the study a discovery was made that revealed the 'Irene' identity in question had been attributed to three different women, and the particular 'Irene' Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck referred to as the 'former Amelia Earhart' appeared nowhere in the photographic record of said 'Irene's' person prior to the mid-1940s. Add to this the way the 'Irene' in question displayed a head-to-toe physical congruence to Amelia, then combine it with how their character traits also aligned, so much made it easier to identify how Major Gervais, Colonel Reineck, and Monsignor Kelley, against the grain of conventional history and conventional reality, were all-along correct about the 'Irene' they had referred to, the 'Gervais-Irene,' who absolutely, without question, most definitely did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. Where any mystery of Amelia Earhart still exists, it is in the form of how this incredible post-war reality about her came to be." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, 2017, Atchison, Kansas

"The same person who was once known as Amelia Earhart ultimately went by different names in different eras. It isn't so hard anymore to understand why, and by now it has become easy to recognize. In a confounding way, though, ever since the 1970s when this hard reality first surfaced, the American public has been herded like sheep by wolves disguised as historical shepherds who insisted it wasn't true through multimedia outlets. It's interesting to note how none of them ever marked an 'official history' representative. Even so, by way of like-minded individuals, today this incredulous tradition of public deceit about Amelia Earhart continues to omnipresently dominate multimedia expressed viewpoints, where people are persuaded to not even consider the Amelia-became-Irene reality, and across the board they mindfully obey." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell 2017
After weighing the results of Protecting Earhart's new-millennium, 'comprehensive forensic analysis,' any further the solid forensic conclusion clearly states: There were three different individual human beings attributed to the same Twentieth Century identity of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam," and one of them, the 'Gervais-Irene' who appeared nowhere identified as Irene in the United States prior to the mid-1940s, and who completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise when compared, had famously been known as 'Amelia Earhart' prior to when she was errantly purported to have 'vanished without a trace' in mid-1937:
   1930                     Early 1940s                    1946
Above: The three different women historically identified as one in the same,
"Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials and slight
'look adjustments' notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
  in 1946 on the far-right [the Gervais-Irene] had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'


Courage is the price that life exacts for granting peace,
The soul that knows it not, knows no release,
From little things;
Knows not the livid loneliness of fear
Nor mountain heights where bitter joy can hear
The sound of wings.
Amelia Earhart
Below: Some of the last photos taken of Amelia Earhart in New Guinea just before she and her navigator, Fred Noonan went missing. Left-to-right, Amelia with one Frank Howard; with F. C. Jacobs and Fred Noonan; and with Noonan just before boarding for their last flight. Underneath, a photo of the duo's final takeoff in Amelia's Lockheed Electra 10E.


The duo's final takeoff from Lae, New Guinea

Believe it or not, the truth about Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome--and what became of Amelia after she went missing--has long been recognized by many individuals from within the public realm...
Conceptually, the world and the universe are very different from each other. The rules of the world evolved from human ideas over many thousands of years and they have not always remained on track or been fairly distributed. Perpetually refined so that someday goodness might unconditionally prevail, this has long been the ideal goal of rules made by humans in charge of running the world. There have been slip-ups along the way, mostly fear-instilling, ego-driven ones that enabled barbaric societies to exist, individuals akin to Adolph Hitler to be admired, and ideas of racism, and religious and gender inequality that led to practices of slavery and genocide. These were all worldly creations of human beings who managed to promote them to popular levels.
The universe is different. It tracks the ebb-and-flow of goodness only and always rewards the highest good the most. The universe pays no attention to 'ego' or 'bad' or 'evil' and it is incapable of fear or trickery. The universe is a straight player only, always has been, always will be. This is why the wisest of good and charitable human beings throughout time have always adhered to the common notion: Don't trust the world, trust the universe, for it rewards in kind. With the missing person case of Amelia Earhart, fearful, ego-driven people of the world created the mystery it became. Therefore in a worldly way, it can be said, "The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance exists because it's supposed to exist." Yet to some good, brave and kind individuals who saw through the worldly limitations applied to it, without hesitation they recognized the real, 'universal truth' about Amelia Earhart long ago.
The 'believe it or not' truth about Amelia Earhart has been recognizable for decades, although it has been shouted down over the years by important sounding individuals who worked hard to encourage the public to ignore it, and to pay attention instead to their own differing conclusions.   
Where Amelia Earhart And Fred Noonan Ended Up, And What Ultimately Became Of Them...

Marshall Islands Ambassador, Alfred Capelle...
told the Associated Press in 2002: "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937"

1987, 50-year commemorative Marshall Islands Stamp
Depicts Earhart & Noonan and their plane's retrieval by Japan's military near Mili Atoll

Again, above left is the Republic of the Marshall Islands United Nations Ambassador, Alfred Capelle, who confirmed to the Associated Press and repeatedly to others as well, the long recognized 'common awareness' in his country of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan having ended up there. Above right is another 1987 Republic of the Marshall Islands postage stamp, one of a series that commemorated the country's 50th anniversary of Amelia's rescue at Mili Atoll by Japan's Imperial Navy in early July of 1937. The Koshu had been consistently described by a variety of Marshall Islands residents from the World War Two era on, to have been the boat that picked-up Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, and Amelia's Lockheed Electra after the fliers ditched in the lower Marshalls at Barre Reef, adjacent to Mili Atoll. Accordingly, Earhart and Noonan remained stranded there for a few days before Japan rescued and ultimately detained them. It is important to recall here, that the U.S. had asked permission from Japan to search the Marshalls right after the fliers went missing, but permission was denied, and Japan never reported the results of its own agreed-to search efforts either.
Note: In 2017 the History Channel aired a documentary about Amelia's last flight that duly supported her having ditched in the Marshall Islands, although it postulated as well that Amelia had likely 'died' while being held by Japan without offering any real proof that such a thing occurred. [See the related 'recently discovered photo controversy' in the 'Press Notices' link.] The idea of Amelia dying while she was in Japan's custody was contrary to the beliefs of several past investigators, who, citing sound reasons for doing so, averred that Amelia actually survived the war while she remained in Japan's care, and she eventually returned to the U.S. to live in anonymity by choice, as quietly endorsed by the omniscient guises of two post-war relationship-healing countries, the United States and Japan. Although ridiculed by many who found it hard to believe, this actually does make sense as Amelia was a loved hero in Japan in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had been. Japan's famous Admiral, Isoroku Yamamoto, who was its Pacific Commander when Amelia went missing, would not have allowed her to be  executed or to succumb to a neglected illness--the two main suggestions of how she may have died while in Japan's care. Proponents of Amelia's continued survival believe Japan strategically protected her as an 'ace' in its deck of war-time cards, and futhermore, that Japan's war-time 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts invention was a coy reference to its coveted detainee, Amelia Earhart, who had been referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" among Imperial Mandate Island locals during the years leading up to the war. It is correct to recall, especially in lieu of the FBI having issued a statement in 1949 that declared the war-time 'Tokyo Rose' moniker as having been, "strictly an American G.I. invention," that the true origin of the name 'Tokyo Rose' dated back to the pre-war years--when the term was being used as a synonym for Japan's 'detained American lady pilot, Amelia Earhart.' [Read more about this throughout Irene-Amelia.Com.]

A few American accented women...
...broadcast for Japan duing WWII. One indentified herself as, "Tokyo Rose"

During the years leading up to World War Two, Amelia Earhart had been referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" by people living among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands. Ambassador Capelle affirmed the Pacific Islanders translation of 'Tokyo Rosa' was 'that held by the chrysanthemum.' The chrysanthemum is a euphemism for the Emperor of Japan, whose official seal is prominently adorned by a chrysanthemum flower. Even though many U.S. servicemen who served in the Pacific during World War Two insisted one of the 'American accented sirens' who broadcast for Japan clearly identified herself as "Tokyo Rose" when signing on and off, four years after the war ended the FBI issued an curious, outlandish statement to the effect that 'Tokyo Rose' had been a moniker "strictly invented by U.S. soldiers." 

Below are four of the stamps issued by the Republic of the Marshall Islands in 1987, including the one displayed above. Right after the duo was rescued by Japan, the Sino-Japanse War began, exacerbating the difficult situation the world flight team found themselves in:

The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and retrieval at Mili Atoll

Below: A 1944 USAAF reconnaissance photo of Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands taken during a bombing raid, reprinted from Randall Brink's best selling book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton, 1993. Protecting Earhart's forensic study enlarged and rotated the insert, then placed an outline of an Electra 10E, Amelia's plane model, over it.

1944 USAAF recon photo
Taroa in the Marshalls; several accounts described Amelia's wing-damaged plane was taken there

1944 USAAF Marshall Islands reconnaissance photo
Taken on a bombing run over Taroa, eyewitnesses claimed Amelia's 'wing damaged' plane ended up there

Above: The one-winged outline of an Electra 10E fit right over a plane on Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands in 1944 that matched no other Japanese manufactured planes of that era. Years before the photo was located in U.S. military archives, eyewitnessess John and Dwight Heine both described how Amelia's wing-damaged plane ended up at Taroa where they helped Japanese military personnel off-load it from its transport ship. The cowlings and WASP engines looked to have been removed, as was the damaged wing at the seam. The full recon photo was first published in Randall Brink's 1993 book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart. Protecting Earhart's study greatly enlarged the photo before placing the Electra outline over it.

Why this information was never endorsed to the masses...
Ever since the World War Two era, the 'official silence' regard the United States and Japan maintained toward Amelia Earhart's world-flight ending discouraged people from recognizing later-learned forensic true-hoods about it. Observe the following quote:
"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." From Marilyn Bender and Selig Altschul's Pan Am & Golden Age of Aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument, Simon & Schuster, 1982.
[Note: About the book, The Chosen Instrument mentioned directly above, its title referenced the consistent U.S. government contracts awarded to Pan Am Airways during the 1930s 'golden age of aviation.' Thus, 'Pan Am' was Uncle Sam's 'chosen instrument' when it came to strides made in the rapidly growing field of aviation. Amelia's world-flight navigator, Fred Noonan was a top navigator for Pan Am before he agreed to participate in Amelia's world flight. The rumor of his being 'fired' from Pan Am for excessive drinking was later shown to be false, as was the rumor that his penchant for alcohol caused he and Amelia to miss Howland. Seeing through the conjured excuse that tried to place the blame for Amelia's loss on Noonan's shoulders, those who knew and worked with Fred Noonan vehemently stood by his 'highly responsible' prowess as a navigator. Noonan taught many other Pan Am navigators in its flight training school, and he served as the head navigator on the original Pan Am Clipper team that opened the world's first major airline service over the seven seas in the mid-1930s. According to the research of retired USAF Major, Joe Gervais in the 1960s & 1970s [and edified by the 1980 statements made to Randall Brink by Amelia's 1930s friend, Walter McMenamy, who mentioned he "last saw Noonan in 1949"] after Noonan went missing with Amelia, ostensibly he was liberated without fanfare by Japan while Amelia continued to remain in its charge, and in time he segued into a high-level position in U.S. Naval Intelligence. Noonan was also a highly experienced sea-man, who during the war years, according to Major Gervais, was part of the team that helped with the logistical planning of the Normandy invasion. [Note: Whether or not Noonan ended up as one of two people who used the same name of 'William Van Dusen,' Pan Am's former public relations chief who was badly injured in the war, remains a subject of debate. Gervais believed the real Van Dusen may have died from his war injuries leaving Noonan to acquiesce his identity.]

April 17, 1935
Above: Fred Noonan shown third from right with Pan Am's original Hawaiian Clipper survey team.

Easier To Understand...
A few influential dissenters darkened the common think-tank about Amelia's disappearance by suggesting it was obscured by a vast conspiracy, even though it never was. Easier to understand is how the truth was buried long ago by the select few who were clued in about it.
In time it became evident to those who seriously studied the gradations of it all; there was a certain lack of innocence when it came to the so-called 'disappearance' of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. This reality was solidified after the 1980 Freedom Of Information Act, when it was verified the United States Executive Branch had all-along withheld crucial information about it:

Image result for harry truman
"The only thing different is the history you will never know." Former U.S. President Harry S. Truman [shown above] answers a reporter in the fall of 1945. The President had been asked what was different about the world after the war(?) The Earhart debacle marked some of the 'never to be known history' left over from President Franklin Roosevelt's administration that Truman inherited. [See below.]

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR

"I hope I've just got to never make it public." 1938 words of the White House adminstration's, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. on information the U.S. Executive Branch withheld about Amelia Earhart's disappearance.
Above, prominent cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. [shown with President Franklin D. Roosevelt] plainly described how the White House withheld information about the outcome of Amelia's 1937 world flight in an official transcript dated May 13, 1938, ten months after Amelia and Fred Noonan went missing. One of the Roosevelts' better family friends and among FDR's most trusted advisors dating back to his term as governor of New York, when Henry Morgenthau Jr. cautioned he 'never wanted to have to make public' what the White House learned about the untimely ending of Amelia's world flight [how her plane had been engaged by Japanese aircraft after she steered too far north of England's Gilbert Islands into hostile territory] he was responding to a query about it forwarded to him by First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt who had been a good friend of Amelia's. By virtue of Morgenthau's additional words preceding his, "I hope I've just got to never make it public" statement, that in its entirety reads, "What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes... I hope I've just got to never make it public,"  based on the intelligence the White House had gathered on Amelia's "last few minutes" and in lieu of Japan's impenatrable silence about it, FDR's administration determined Amelia and Fred Noonan met their demise by being shot down, and it would be awful to "have to make it public." The White House was later stupefied as World War Two grew imminent, when additional information it gathered indicated the duo actually managed to survive by ditching in the lower Marshall Islands--where as later verified, Japan's Imperial Navy retrieved and detained them without public awareness.
Ultimately buried by the onset of the war, FDR's administration never did 'make public' any of the crucial information on Amelia Earhart's world flight ending it furtively withheld. The U.S. Executive Branch's tradition of silent-treatment toward Amelia's loss continued to remain throughout the war, throughout the remainder of the Twentieth Century, and it still remains to this day.
The reason the American public was ultimately encouraged to dismiss the truth blatantly presented to them about Amelia Earhart's disappearance in the 1960s & 1970s was forged after the event occurred, then firmly shored up at the end of World War Two. During the enormous amount of reparation agreements that took place right after the war, it was strategized what would be best for both the United States and Japan patriotically and internationally moving forward, that the mystery of Amelia's disappearance would always remain, 'a mystery,' and Japan willingly agreed. President Truman had replaced Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., who he did not like much, just before VJ Day. After FDR died in April of 1945, Morgenthau was a fairly inert White House figure whose remaining value left him viewed as one of the few individuals who knew where some of FDR's important bones were buried. As part of the new White House administration, Morgenthau's suggestion to convert Germany into an agrarian society after the war was viewed as myopic by Truman and his own hand picked advisors, and it served as the last straw when it came to ending Morgenthau's enduring, formidable White House presence and tenure. How the mystery of Amelia Earhart came to remain firmly in place ever since the war years may partially be found in the following quote issued by the infamous Joseph Goebbels, whose nationwide propaganda efforts swayed an entire country during the pre-World War Two era: "If you tell a big lie often enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the consequences of knowing the truth. For the truth becomes the enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the enemy of the state."
Hence, ever since the end of World War Two the following has remained a quietly observed true-hood in both Washington DC and Tokyo: 'The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance exists because it's supposed to exist.'

Above, Amelia on either side flanking her future self, the Gervais-Irene, shown in 1970

The Ever-Obfuscated Post-Loss Reality Of Amelia Earhart
Dating back to the 1970s, it has remained understood and accepted by many reputable individuals--some no longer living of course--that Amelia Earhart survived her ordeal in Japan's custody and she eventually returned to the United States after assuming a different identity. Even so, the mere mention of Amelia's post-loss continued existence into the latter part of the Twentieth-Century was perpetually obfuscated in the public eye, although anymore the evidence is clear it did happen. To be sure, four nationally published books issued from 1970 to 2016 promoted it as a purposeful non-conveyed reality, only to be ridiculed by disingenuous individuals more interested in promoting lesser claims to media outlets than they were in embracing the truth. Most people today do not realize there remains a 'politically correct' influence in place that encourages the public to accept how there was no conceivable way Amelia could have continued to survive in Japan's care throughout the war. The History Channel's new 'she died while in Japan's custody' favoritism marks the latest example of steering people away from accepting Amelia's obvious, post-loss body evidence. True, the historical ramifications of the U.S. government acknowledging Amelia's post-loss existence in the U.S. after the war would be pretty significant, so it's easy to see why it has always managed to avoid addressing the topic. Never the less, it is the truth. It's important to reiterate how no hard evidence of Amelia's death ever surfaced after she ended up in Japan's care. On the other hand, body evidence amounts to proof, and one can observe here-below and throughout this website--what actually became of the person that had been previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart':  

The 'Gervais-Irene', Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
The forensic study proved her post-war era identity had been attributed to two other women
Protecting Earhart's study also proved...
...the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s...
...and further proved...
...her physical and character traits congruence to the world famous person she used to be

Click on the following link for a slow motion dissolve of the above panel. Hit the back arrow to return to Irene-Amelia.Com:
No matter what has been repeatedly described over the years by strong-voiced opponents [veteran Earhart theorists & devotees Mike Campbell, Richard Gillespie, and Elgen Long foremost among them] whom in the interest of promoting their own differing claims combated the assertion of Amelia having survived her disappearance and later changing her name for the sake of future privacy, the point is: Forensically there is incontrovertible evidence that reveals how after her storied disappearance, Amelia did live-on and eventually changed her name before resuming her life in the United States. Following her return to the U.S., she endured a period of healing and made a few adjustments to her famous visage while familiarizing herself with U.S. life in the mid-1940s. She then took up residence in her former Long Island stomping grounds where she was given comfortable positions in the banking industry. She was first employed at the People's National Bank near Mineola as a senior loan officer, before ascending to vice president status at the National Bank of Great Neck--until retiring in 1958 when she married Guy Bolam of England, who ran Radio Luxembourg. [Great Neck, Long Island was where as Amelia she had lived with her friend, Marian Stabler's family in the mid-1920s. During her fame years she often flew out of Floyd Bennett and Roosevelt Air Fields on Long Island as well.]
Further known as 'Irene,' she travelled the world incessantly after she married Guy Bolam and had resumed her association with the women's ZONTA organization as well. After Guy died in 1970, she took over as the corporate president of Radio Luxembourg and continued to travel for the remainder of the decade, regularly to England and Japan beyond Europe, that included of course, Luxembourg.
An interesting footnote; her later-life adoration of Japanese culture left some individuals who assessed the constraints of her war-time survival considering she was possibly a Stockholm Syndrome victim during the years she existed under Japan's stewardship. As her friend and confidant, Monsignor James Francis Kelley once remarked about her later-life years, "...she barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and how after the war she, "didn't want to be Amelia Earhart any more."
Amelia was able to obtain her new identity with assistance from a ZONTA figurehead she befriended during her fame years [Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley], with omniscience of the U.S. Justice Department [the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover], and a 'confidant' friendship that offered her needed support administered by then Seton Hall College President, the aforementioned Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a well-known priest with doctorates in philosophy and psychology who from the late 1970s to the early 1990s described to select individuals how he had treated Amelia with "healing emotional therapy" after her return to the United States. Monsignor Kelley, who died in 1996, also disclosed how he had been instrumental with helping Amelia to become 'Irene.' [Note: This is all substantiated information. See the Monsignor Kelley related photo and news article clipping below.] In more recent years, after Monsignor Kelley's recorded statements were publicized, status-quo Earhart mystery devotees decried them as 'attention seeking offerings from a victim of old-age senility' that caused the monsignor to 'make-up' what he passed along about his good friend, 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.' Some long-time close friends of the Monsignor's disagreed, offering how the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first began telling them how Amelia survived the war in Japan's custody--before he helped her to resurface in the United States with a new identity. It's easy to see the Monsignor was all-along correct when one examines the decades after-the-fact forensic comparison results and considers the otherwise unlikely enormity of coincidence of two people sharing the overall congruence they displayed. The three panel comparison above marks a significant example among many others from Protecting Earhart's new millennium study, especially when one considers the photo was enlarged from one taken of Monsignor Kelley's close friend, the Gervais-Irene, sitting next to his sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession, her main travelling companion after Guy Bolam died. For edification of this, again click on the following link to observe the short, slow-motion dissolve that begins with the full original photo. This time, be sure to look into the Gervais-Irene's eyes as the dissolve unfolds. Once more, here's the link:  Irene4-slo transition-HD 720p
Until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place this undeniable congruence had not been recognized, nor had it been discerned that by the time the former Amelia Earhart died in 1982, the same identity that left her further known as 'Irene' after the war had also been attributed to two other women. Said amazing realization further cemented the reality of how the 'Irene' who matched Amelia from head-to-toe, who was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
This latent history of Amelia Earhart was dismissed by her survived family and virtually ignored by  official history itself. None the less, the five-decades-old 'never-disproved' assertion that the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as Amelia Earhart, logistically exists anymore as an obvious forensic reality

About the original, Irene:
A past acquaintance of Amelia's whose left-over identity she later acquiesced

The Original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
Shown with her husband Charles & her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.

The original Irene Craigmile and
Amelia Earhart were acquaintances.
The original Irene Craigmile's maiden name was 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley.' She was an only child. Best estimates described her as 'born in 1904' although no birth certificate for her was ever located.  Her mother, Bridget Doyle O'Crowley, who called her daughter 'Madeline,' died when her daughter was twelve. Following his wife's death, the original Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley [known as 'Joe'] found it difficult to raise his daughter alone so she was left to be cared for by her paternal grandmother, Sarah Rutherford O'Crowley and her paternal aunt, an attorney by the name of Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, Sarah's daughter. In 1920 said mother and daughter team lived together on Lombardy Street in Newark, New Jersey with young Irene, who was listed as 'age 14' at the time. Joe O'Crowley had remarried by then and saw his daughter less frequently. 
Note: The above mentioned original Irene's aunt, attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley was the first woman to pass the New Jersey state bar exam. She was also a prominent ZONTA member who in 1928 oversaw and was the emcee for Amelia Earhart's induction into the ZONTA organization, an exclusive club for prominent professional women. Amelia and attorney Irene remained friends from that point on.
Around 1928 as well, Sarah O'Crowley and her daughter, attorney Irene O'Crowley began caring for a four year old little girl who attorney Irene described as 'the daughter' of a deceased relative. By then the original Irene had married and was living in Pequannock, New Jersey with her first husband, Charles Craigmile, who she wed in 1927.
In 1931, while he and the original Irene were on a road trip together visiting his parents, Charles Craigmile tragically died from internal poisoning after his appendix burst.
A year later, Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry helped arrange flying lessons for the original Irene to lift her spirits, and in late May of 1933 she was awarded her pilot's license--only to realize she was newly pregnant out of wedlock at the time, thus ending her brief stint as a pilot. [It was the second time the original Irene had become pregnant out of wedlock. The first time occurred before she met Charles Craigmile.] Within a few months of realizing she was pregnant the original Irene eloped to marry the father of her child, her last flight instructor, Alvin Heller. Their son, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934.
Unfortunately, their matrimony was short lived. By the late 1930s Al Heller had moved to Buffalo to work at the Curtis Wright airplane factory and the couple's marriage was soon after annulled. An ugly custody battle for their son also ensued with both Al Heller and the original Irene accusing each other of poor parenting, excessive drinking and promiscuous behavior. Amid this turmoil their son was often left in the care of others, then strangely enough, by the early 1940s his mother, the original Irene no longer appeared extant.
A few years later, in 1946, a different woman sporting the original Irene's same identity could be found working at the Peoples National Bank of Long Island as a Senior Loan Officer. Where Amelia's career left her familiar with the world of high finance, the original Irene had no work experience or education relative to the banking industry. In fact, beyond her losing her first husband in 1931, her short lark as a pilot, eloping to marry in 1933 then having a baby in 1934, the original Irene's employment history only showed her having worked as a department store 'floor walker.' 
It is evident the original Irene's son, who grew up to be a Pan Am pilot, only recalled a surrogate mother figure from prior to his enrolling at a boarding school in the early 1940s, for the woman he identified as his 'childhood mother' for Protecting Earhart, the 'Non Gervais-Irene,' was much younger than his biological mother. In recent years this forensic reality was verified by way of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. [Note: The lengthy, 'Al Heller, Irene Craigmile 1938-1942 annulment and child custody case file' is viewable in the Nassau County, Long Island public records division.]

Top middle: Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Bottom row, far left; Amelia; middle, her future self; right, Amelia

Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s

Above and below: © Protecting Earhart

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No, I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
"...all the admirals and generals seemed to know her."

Still not convinced? Keep going. The truth was just revealed to you, now you're about to be hit over the head with it...
From 1970 on, to include ever since the Gervais-Irene died in July of 1982, people relentlessly continued to question her true past. Directly below is former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley's telling 1982 newspaper quote pertaining to the suggestion of his recently deceased friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam's [the Gervais-Irene's] suspected 'previous Amelia Earhart identity.' His reply left the curious on the brink of recognizing a privately understood reality when it came to Amelia Earhart's full life story:

Msgr. Kelley's 1982 newspaper 'no comment.'
Kelley privately admitted his friend, the 'Gervais-Irene' Bolam used to be known as Amelia Earhart

Monsignor Kelley awards J. Edgar Hoover Seton Hall's LLD.
Admiral Nimitz and Senator Al Hawkes...
...receiving honorary Seton Hall degrees from Monsignor Kelley;

War time service awards given to Monsignor James Francis Kelley:
"November 20, 1946 citation from J. Edgar Hoover for assistance rendered during the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice."
"Citation awarded in 1941 by Henry P. Morganthau Jr. for three years of Patriotic Service with integrity and diligence for the Treasury Department of the United States of America."
The above two awards are cited in Monsignor Kelley's 1987 autobiography. He offered no explanation on why he received the above awards, but he did include the following passage in the foreword of his autobiography that was no doubt relative to his previous relationship with his long time 'important' friend, the Gervais-Irene, who died in 1982:
"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. Some of them were now dead and I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about deceased people who could not defend themselves."
Although Monsignor Kelley later acknowledged he had 'written a chapter' for his book about his endearing relationship with Amelia Earhart, who he confirmed was further known as 'Irene' in the United States after World War Two, his decision to not include it in his final published version was not so surprising. In fact, as close as the two had been for over three decades, that his book never once mentions the names of 'Amelia' or 'Irene' anywhere is revealing in itself--where it concerned the ongoing importance and sensitivity of their previous alliance.  

Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy

Below: An excerpt from investigative author, USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck's 1991 taped interview with Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Reineck tracked down the elderly Monsignor after learning from two of the Monsignor's good friends, Helen Barber and Donald DeKoster that the Monsignor had confided in them about Amelia's continued survival as 'Irene' years before:

Reineck: If you have things of hers [Earhart's] I would like to see them. Are you aware that she was Irene Bolam?

Kelley: What?

Reineck: Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?                                                            

Kelley: That's right, yes.

Note: Listening to the actual recording of this, the Monsignor could not have sounded more calm and matter of fact in his reply to Colonel Reineck's question about Irene Bolam.

Their close friendship was evident after WWII...
The Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] and Monsignor Kelley in the 1970s

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful St. Croix, US Virgin Islands home.

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful Rumson, NJ home. The Gervais-Irene was a familiar guest at both homes.

NOTE: In 1991, retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais and retired Air Force Colonel, Rollin Reineck held a press conference in Hawaii to provide updates on their ongoing investigation of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, foremost including their certain belief that Amelia had 'quietly survived' World War Two. Colonel Reineck soon after received a letter from a Mrs. Helen Barber of Wayne, Pennsylvania that described something her seasonal neighbor, Monsignor James Francis Kelley had shared with she and her husband a decade earlier. She referred Colonel Reineck to another couple she knew, Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeKoster of Detroit Michigan, (Mr. DeKoster was an auto industry executive) to additionally verify the information she had been made privy to. Both the Barbers and the DeKosters were fairly affluent and owned winter homes in the Virgin Islands on St. Croix, near Monsignor Kelley's home there. The following section was excerpted from a letter sent to Colonel Reineck by Mrs. Barber shortly after his press conference with Joe Gervais took place:

“Dear Colonel Reineck,

My husband and I read about your news conference in Hawaii. We are impressed by the integrity of your investigation into the Earhart matter and we simply had to contact you with a related experience we have kept to ourselves for many years. We have a home in the Virgin Islands where we spend winters and one of our neighbors down there is Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Monsignor Kelley owns a beautiful home on top of a hill on the island of St. Croix where our winter home is also located. In 1981 during a luncheon with him, he related to us how he was commissioned at the end of the war to help bring Amelia Earhart back from Japan. He said he was chosen to serve as her psychiatric priest. He also told me something about missing documents he had to get that she needed in order to help with her Identity change. The Monsignor told us that he received her as she was being subjected to an identity change. He told us that she stayed with him at his New Jersey home and I believe sometimes his St. Croix winter home while he helped with her emotional, spiritual, and psychiatric needs.” 

The above passage was reprinted from a letter Helen Barber sent to Rollin Reineck in 1991. Reineck recorded different follow-up phone conversations he had with Mrs. Barber and Mr. Donald Dekoster. Both confirmed their belief in what Monsignor Kelley described to them about Amelia Earhart, with Mr. Dekoster offering how the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first told him how instrumental he was when he helped Amelia settle into her new 'private life' as 'Irene' after the war years. 

Having privately confidided to select individuals about her beforehand, after his good friend, the Gervais-Irene died in 1982, Monsignor James Francis Kelley began to more freely disclose how she used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' to people who approached him about it. Twenty years after his doing so, it was therefore no coincidence that Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic comparison analysis displayed the obvious head-to-toe and character trait congruences the Gervais-Irene and her former Amelia-self shared. Although known by different names in different eras, plainly and naturally, the same human being shone through in the forensic comparison study. Shoring it up within the overall analysis, was the ID placement made by the 1934 born son of the original 'Irene,' Clarence 'Larry' Heller. At his attorney's office in New York, to Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell, Mr. Heller positively identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene to have been his 'mother' from his childhood on, solidifying the long-held claim of his mother's 'Irene' identity having been additionally attributed to Amelia Earhart for her to use as an alias in her later-life years. Mr. Heller also confirmed that Amelia had known his mother's family through his mother's aunt, an attorney from Newark, New Jersey, I. Mary Rutherford O'Crowley who was a prominent ZONTA sister of Amelia's. Ms. O'Crowley had served as an occasional 'Amelia Earhart brand' contracts advisor for Amelia along with another prominent ZONTA figure who served as Amelia's publicist, England's Nina Broderick Price. Incredibly enough, strategically as well, as close as Amelia had been to both of them, one will not see either of their names mentione in ANY of Amelia's authorized published biographies. Ms. O'Crowley, who in 1928 had endorsed Amelia into the ZONTAs, and Mrs. Price, who had received Amelia's ZONTA mail for her in New York, served as ZONTA chapter presidents in the 1930s; Ms. O'Crowley served as a Newark, New Jersey ZONTA chapter president, and Mrs. Price served as a New York City ZONTA chapter president.
Traversing ahead with a new professional career after a few adjustments were made to alter her familiar visage, the combined changes left Amelia's pior-self hard to recognize. This reality was pre-enhanced, since by the time World War Two ended the vast majority of U.S. citizens were settled in their belief that Amelia Earhart had not survived her 1937 world flight outcome. So much enabled the 'former' Amelia Earhart to embark on a new private-life existence, one where she would be commonly, and legally known as 'Irene' in the United States during the remainder of her life after the war, even through some significant remonstrations that surfaced during her last twelve years on earth, 1970 to 1982.
Incredibly enough, although many curious people, to include some her good friends and even some family members who had known her and continued to question who she really was long after her death occurred, it wasn't until after Protecting Earhart's new-millennium forensic analysis took place that the reality of her previous life as the famous 'Amelia Earhart' finally ascended to exist at the obvious state it now rests at.

The Truth...
From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books authored by different investigative researchers concluded Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in Japan's custody and eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' the same name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers. Unlike Amelia's background, Protecting Earhart's investigative research revealed the original Irene Craigmile's existence during the 1930s to have been ambiguous, even sordid at times, and exemplified a person who generally lacked ambition. [See further below for a brief on the original, 'Irene Craigmile.']

The Joe Klaas-Joe Gervais book:
A best-seller in 1970, it determined Amelia privately survived and later changed her name to Irene.
By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
A first hand account; note Irene's photo on the cover.
By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2003
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
Most recent, by W. C. Jameson
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'

USAF Major, Joe Gervais was first to realize the 'Amelia became Irene' equation in 1965, with his five-year 'investigative research' assessment of it later appearing in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. In time a slew of follow up investigators [and authors] who seriously looked into the controversy came to agree with Gervais, and they determined Amelia accepted her new existence as 'Irene' not only for political reasons, but because she no longer wanted to be a famous, 'public' person. Once more, as her later life good friend and confidant, former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey described it to Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley in 1987: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."
Another decade would pass after Monsignor Kelley described what he did to Dean Magley, before Protecting Earhart's 'first of its kind' quantitative forensic analysis began highlighting the credibility of the well-known Monsignor's words. [See the Monsignor Kelley/Wally Schirra page-link for more.]
The Protecting Earhart MSS expounded on the results of its long-term, comprehensive analysis backed by extensive supportive research, thus enabling it to forensically endorse the conclusion of Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival that left her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two. [Note: In 1958 said 'Irene Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England, thereafter leaving her known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.']


Overlooking Honolulu from the Punch Bowl...
...USAF Major, Joe Gervais (Ret.) and USAF Colonel, Rollin Reineck (Ret.) in 1991

Famous Earhart investigative researcher, USAF Major Joe Gervais [1924-2005] who studied Amelia's disappearance more than anyone in the Twentieth-Century, was the person who first traced the knowledge of Amelia's survival and eventual name change to have been protected by former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, former FBI Chief, J. Edgar Hoover, war-time Archbishop Francis Spellman, former Women's Air Force Service Pilots leader and past good friend of Amelia's, Jackie Cochran, Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, General Douglas MacArthur, Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, and Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey.
Major Gervais did write to J. Edgar Hoover in early 1969, asking him about Amelia Earhart only to receive the following response:

"In reply to your request, information in our files must be maintained as confidential pursuant to regulations of the Department of Justice.  I hope you will not infer either that we do or do not have material in our files relating to the individual you mentioned. Signed, J. Edgar Hoover."

“I think of God as a symbol for good, thinking good, identifying good in everybody and everything. This God I think of is not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal force, eternally present, and at all times available.”  

Amelia Earhart


‘Don’t trust the world, trust the universe. The truth is known. The universe delivered the truth about Amelia Earhart decades ago; the world has kept it from being understood and accepted.’

Most definitely, the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Even so, quite a few important sounding individuals continue to all-but scream, kick and hollar within their attempts to convince people otherwise.

Art rendition of the Gervais-Irene
One of three women attributed to the same identity. Click image for the comparison page.
The Gervais-Irene Bolam
Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart

The Gervais-Irene & Amelia Earhart superimposed
Click image to go to the 'Forensic Realities' page.

Note her favorite chrysanthemum pendant
FKA 'Amelia Earhart' at eighty years old in early 1978, known then as 'Irene Bolam'

The Post-World War Two Era Preference
FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover had his hands full in late August of 1945. World War Two had just ended and no one was ever to know that Amelia Earhart had managed to survive the duration of it in Japan's stewardship. Hoover recognized how the always heeded to 'official silence' in Washington and Tokyo about Amelia's loss left people uncertain of what really happened to her. Fortunately for him, nary a soul considered Amelia might still be among the living as the U.S. bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. No matter the other tongue-in-cheek pseudo 'official offerings' about the circumstances of Amelia's disappearance that came to exist, she did manage to survive with the shared knowledge of it eventually being sealed by executive orders in both Washington and Tokyo
Shoring up the half-century old, 'never disproved' discovery Major Joe Gervais made in 1965 and first went public with in 1970, Protecting Earhart developed the first-ever forensic reality viewpoint that enabled it to handily display and ultimately prove Amelia's continued existence after World War Two. This includes her privately arranged return to the United States where she was further recognized as one of three women attributed to the same name of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam," until her death on July 7, 1982. 
The 'Gervais-Irene'
From the time he first met her in 1965 at a prestigious gathering of retired pilots in New York until his death in 2005, USAF Major, Joe Gervais (ret.) maintained this particular Irene Bolam, shown above in a 1976 photo taken in Jamaica, was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' [See the comparisons below and throughout Protecting Earhart's website.] Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis that was being conducted when Major Gervais died ended up proving him correct. This photo does depict the woman who up until mid-1937 was famously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Well adept at skirting the subject of Amelia's disappearance, the U.S. State Department, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Executive Branch have never denied this truth and never will. 'Official silence' and becoming adept at skirting the subject of seriously addressing Amelia's post-loss circumstances have long been the credos U.S. government departments have adhered to. Credo: 'A belief or aim used to guide someone's actions.'

Over the years the public has been persuaded not to consider the possibility Amelia's post-loss 'private' survival by dogmatic influences. Protecting Earhart's new millennium 'ten-year forensic analysis' speaks for itself by presenting what any further exists as a rather obvious, albeit overlooked historical reality:

Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.

 Amelia, age 30, after her
'Friendship' Atlantic crossing.
Above: Amelia after she completed her Friendship Flight that instantly catapulted her from obscurity to world fame.
Below: When one compares the care-worn Amelia photo on the far left to the more relaxed & cheerful one on the far right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s photos of the same person. Protecting Earhart's full body comparisons revealed a natural eye-to-eye, head-to-toe, bone-structure, physical-match reality.

Two photos superimposed: Amelia as herself in 1933 and as 'Irene' in 1965

Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
Monsignor Kelley's sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession (left) with the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'


Amelia, 1936
Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.

Left: Irene [the 'Gervais-Irene'] in Japan in 1963.
Right: Superimposed with her former 'Amelia' self.

   1930                     Early 1940s                    1946
Above: The three different women historically identified as one in the same,
"Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials and slight
'look adjustments' notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
  in 1946 on the far-right [the Gervais-Irene] was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 

An Incontestable Reality:
There has been a number of postulations that attempted to account for Amelia Earhart's actual fate, although the extensive data presented here, some traceable to the adroit handling of pre-World War Two circumstances by the United States Executive Branch, was thoroughly accounted for and analyzed over the years by a variety of reputable investigators.
In other words, it's real.
The truth still remains now just as it had been described decades ago by those closest to the occurrence of the event itself--that Japan was able to retrieve Earhart and Noonan after the duo managed to ditch in its lower Marshall Islands, and it is certain Japan considered their arrival at Mili Atoll there suspect during the tense onset of the Sino-Japanese war, before it optioned to surreptitiously detain them, flummoxing the United States Executive Branch in the process. In the immediate aftermath Japan was well-aware the United States strongly opposed its sudden war declaration against China. Recall at the time, right after the duo was declared 'missing' U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Joseph Grew asked Japan for permission to allow the U.S. to search the Marshall Islands. Japan refused to allow it, replying it would conduct its own search. The unfolding situation was quickly exacerbated by the onset of the Sino-Japanese war just days after Earhart and Noonan were declared 'missing' that all-but severed diplomatic relations between Japan and the United States. Japan kept its intervention with the post-loss fate of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan to itself from that point on. The only thing it did offer many years later, was that it 'never harmed Amelia Earhart.' This was in the form of an off-hand diplomatic reply to insinuations that Amelia had been executed by its military for spying. Japan did not execute Amelia. Instead, to whatever degree it safe-harbored her during the war until, unknown to the public, she was returned to the United States just as many other former civilian internees and POW's were. The final-fate of Fred Noonan was always harder to ascertain. He was described by 1930s Earhart friend, Walter McMenamy as 'last seen in 1949.' No doubt Noonan's lower profile post-loss saga was guided by different circumstances. It's further interesting to note, after Amelia became known as 'Irene' she continued to occasionally travel back to Japan where she maintained several friendships. Note: It has always remained a strict policy observed by the U.S. Justice Department's FBI division to not disclose the existence of WPP's [Witness Protection Programs] or to reveal any of its participants.
Note: Even if it had suspected Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan of spying on its installations, it is unfathomable given the tenuous circumstances of the time that Japan would have risked military retaliation from the United States by executing them while it was steeped in construction efforts to fortify its Mandated Islands, of which the Marshall Islands were a very significant part.
Truth always prevails, and one is well advised to trust certifiable evidence when it comes to assessing what really happened to Amelia Earhart in July of 1937, and what became of her afterward.
The enormity of what Protecting Earhart conveys is backed by such evidence. 

Below: 1928 Amelia photo starts morphing...
...a photo of her later self.

Gervais-Irene Bolam in Cocoa Beach, Florida, 1965
...a 1935 photo of her former self,
Amelia Earhart

The Truth...
Anymore it is forensically incontestable: The Gervais-Irene was known as 'Amelia Earhart' in the United States prior to mid-1937. Incredibly enough, for decades important sounding individuals continuously tried to convince the public that this now highly-recognizable reality was incorrect.  
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis not only compared physical beings, it also compared character traits, to include a document examination handwriting analysis. Two samples from the handwriting analysis appear below the following text:
In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...
"I can offer in evidence two people whom you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais. [See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial language use, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly stated the two people she referenced knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. [The 'two people' were Amelia's well known 1930s' pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after the World War Two era.] Note as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Below: Two handwriting comparison samples from Protecting Earhart's document examination portion of its forensic analysis. The cursive letter samples came from separate handwritten letters of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's that were compared and evaluated.   

Gervais-Irene's handwriting from a 1967 letter:
Sent to Joe Gervais with Amelia's own "Amelia M. Earhart" high school signature added

Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart


Common Knowledge
It has long been considered 'common knowledge' in the Marshall Islands that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there before they were picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Recall in 1937, Japan was the ruling government authority in the Marshalls and its other surrounding Mandate Island--where Americans were not welcome. Hostility was brewing there at the time and the local Mandate Islands populations feared the authoritarian rule of Japan's military. The Marshall Islands went on to become a stronghold for Japan's Imperial Navy and Air Force during World War Two, until U.S. armed forces conquered and occupied them in 1944, temporarily placing Admiral Nimitz in charge there. Following the war, with much help from the United States, eventually the Marshall Islands became its own governing republic.
"Tokyo Rosa" Versus "Tokyo Rose"
After she was picked up and detained by Japan, Amelia was soon being referred to by Mandate Islands local populations as, "Tokyo Rosa." This was years before World War Two American soldiers stationed in the Pacific began listening to Japan's NHK Radio, 'Zero Hour' broadcasts that featured the infamous 'Tokyo Rose' among a few American female voiced DJ's.
The United States Federal Branch's post-war efforts diffused Tokyo Rose's original association with the detained Amelia Earhart, who had clearly inspired Japan's invention of 'Tokyo Rose.' Just a few years after the war, the FBI laid down an edict asserting that no female NHK radio DJ ever used the name of 'Tokyo Rose.' Soldiers who heard the broadcasts strongly disagreed, testifying there was at least one American accented female who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," further describing how she ended her night-time broadcasts by saying, "This is Tokyo Rose, goodnight, and try and sleep if you can."
Enough soldiers had also described the voice of Tokyo Rose as sounding 'just like Amelia Earhart's voice' that George Putnam was called upon to monitor the broadcasts. He admitted 'Tokyo Rose' had been "fiendishly well coached" to sound like Amelia, but insisted the voice did not belong to his gone-missing wife.
The Non-Tokyo Rose
In late 1941, an American woman of Japanese descent, Iva Toguri was a twenty-five year old UCLA graduate whose mother traveled her to Japan to take care of an ailing relative. Unfortunately, Iva ended up stuck in Japan after the Pearl Harbor attack, and she spent the duration of the war there. Coerced into doing broadcasts using the name of 'Orphan Ann,' Iva ended up being arrested as 'Tokyo Rose' after the war even though she never used that name, and her distinct Japanese accent was highly detectable. Not long after VJ Day though, Iva was railroaded into being falsely attributed to the name of 'Tokyo Rose' in an attempt to deflect its association with the war era 'Tokyo Rosa,' AKA 'the detained by Japan, Amelia Earhart.' Recall at that time, according to the recognized facts in the United States as World War Two churned on, Amelia was said to have 'disappeared' in 1937, and she was legally declared 'dead' in 1939. George Putnam, who joined the war effort as an Army Air Corp Major in 1942, was stationed in China as an intelligence officer when he was called upon to monitor some Tokyo Rose broadcasts, and it is certain he would not have opposed the preference of his county's high-command to decry any and all claims asserting Amelia owned the notorious radio siren's voice.
A Japanese translated definition of 'Tokyo Rose' is: "That held by the Chrysanthemum." The Chrysanthemum flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan.
Again, from the Marshall Islands to Saipan, the detained Amelia Earhart had been referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' by local populations from mid-1937 on. 

Tokyo Rose did exist...
The FBI asserted the 'Tokyo Rose' name was invented by soldiers. Soldiers who heard her disagreed.

All recordings of Iva Toguri’s broadcasts proved she never predicted bombings or taunted U.S. soldiers about their wives at home being unfaithful, as was errantly reported about her. The problem was Iva wasn’t Japan’s only American lady broadcaster, she was just the only one caught. It remains common knowledge among Word War Two historians that there were other American accented women who broadcast more sinister anti-American propaganda messages akin to those above, and many soldiers claimed one of them called herself, ‘Tokyo Rose.’ The FBI’s strong post-war assertion that no female broadcaster ever went by the name of ‘Tokyo Rose’ was in itself propaganda used to convince all that the name was merely a soldier’s invention. The move was deemed necessary in order to divorce ‘Tokyo Rose’ from having anything to do with the latent history of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance. U.S. intelligence knew well that Amelia was referred to as ‘Tokyo Rosa’ by Marshallese and Saipanese people right after Japan’s Imperial Navy surreptitiously detained her in 1937. It is further interesting to note, the first ever Tokyo Rose broadcast heard by U.S. troops took place aboard a U.S. submarine stationed in the Pacific a week before the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Epilogue: Iva Toguri was tried and convicted of treason in 1949. Amelia's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended her 'Tokyo Rose' trial on a daily basis. Iva spent six years in prison even though she always strongly professed to be a loyal American who had been coerced against her will into doing the broadcasts. She was never known as ‘Tokyo Rose’ before she was conveniently labeled that way following the war, after she was bribed by the two reporters who asked her to claim that she was. Jackie Cochran was present during Iva's arrest. As one of his last official acts, President Gerald Ford finally pardoned Iva in 1976.   

On Amelia's Continued Survival...
Protecting Earhart shows how the conveyance of Amelia Earhart's continued survival with a different identity was never as far-fetched as some people made it out to be. 
For instance, after Charles Lindbergh died in 1974, thirty more years passed before it was verified [in 2004] that he spent a great deal of time in Europe from the 1950s to the 1970s leading a double life as 'Careu Kent,' even fathering children there while doing so--with his American family unaware of it.
Protecting Earhart forensically displays how after 1970, the year the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy first surfaced, decades worth of follow-up investigative research unraveled and revealed a well hidden truth, where subsequent to when Amelia Earhart went missing in 1937, she too ended up leading a double life after acquiescing the left-over identity of a former acquaintance of hers, 'Irene [nee O'Crowley] Craigmile.'
Anymore, this forensic truehood is incontestable.

With England's civilized Gilberts featuring two landing areas still within their reach, [Amelia's plane had close to a 4,500 mile flight range; New Guinea to Howland was a 2,550 mile flight] the two experienced pilots had no intention, nor would they have optioned to fly below the Equator to the barren wastelands of the Phoenix Islands group as such a move would have courted certain death. It was later learned that the duo's ongoing in-flight radio transmissions were suppressed after they missed Howland [by the White House in cooperation with U.S. Naval intelligence and the Coast Guard] as they remained determined to fly-on to where they knew they could land safely--as opposed to favoring the senseless idea of heading to a desolate place where no people or landing areas existed. [Such as the misguided, albeit highly touted 'Nikumaroro castaways claim' that the Smithsonian has always dismissed as 'unsupported by any credible evidence.']

Amelia & her future self, the Gervais-Irene

Jim Donahue's 1987 book
The British Army secured the "Yank Jane Doe" [AKA Earhart] prior to the OSS liberation of Weihsien

Friends, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart
Jackie's husband helped underwrite Amelia's last flight

Floyd Odlum & Jackie Cochran

Below: Author, David Bowman credited Tod Swindell's Protecting Earhart Forensice Study, shown lower right on his book's dust-jacket:

David Bowman's 2005 Book, Legerdemain
Bowman used Tod Swindell's overlay on his cover and credited his forensic study

From David Bowman's dust jacket...
Last line down credits the early years of Tod Swindell's forensic study

Review: How The Earhart Mystery Initially Resurfaced
Beginning in the 1950s and continuing for decades, retired USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005], CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner [1925-1994], and New York State University at Oswego Professor, Paul Briand [1920-1986] separately conducted the first deep investigations that looked into Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance.
Paul Briand and Joe Gervais
Based on the withheld controversial information and vast number of non-published accounts these three men discovered and revealed about Earhart's loss, all of them solidly concluded Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up going down in Japan's forbidden-to-the-U.S, at the time Marshall Islands where they were picked up by Japan's Imperial Navy and detained without public awareness.
Briand and Goerner could not clearly ascertain what became of Earhart and Noonan after that, so in lieu of no better answer they suggested the two fliers likely died in Japan's custody.
Conversely, after considering the growing hostile relationship that existed between the United States and Japan back then, yet realizing as well it was unlikely Japan would have allowed any harm to come to Amelia Earhart while she was in its care, [Amelia Earhart was a hero in Japan in 1930s, just as Babe Ruth had been] then after meeting a 'hauntingly familiar' and 'highly enigmatic' woman among some of Amelia's old friends in 1965--Joe Gervais boldly asserted that Earhart and Noonan had continued to survive in Japan's custody, and they eventually changed their names as part of a quiet arrangement to 'close the book' on what actually happened to them. Gervais postulated how the U.S. and Japan shared a post-war, 'silent agreement' to never revisit the tenuous debacle the duo's loss caused--in the interest of maintaining future diplomacy between the two countries.
 From the time he met her in 1965 until his death in 2005,
Joe Gervais maintained one Irene Bolam, shown in this 1976
dated photo was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
After the Gervais story surfaced in 1970, the woman he identified as the former Amelia Earhart refused to willingly cooperate, thus relegating the idea of Earhart's name-changed survival to fall on stony ground. However, even after she died in 1982, the woman still remained suspect as supportive evidence backing the Gervais claim about her continued to grow. 
By way of his unsurpassed extensive research, today Joe Gervais is recognized among the foremost investigators to show why the Earhart-Noonan disappearance controversy was perpetually greeted with 'official silence' by the governments of the United States and Japan, dating back to the time the two were declared 'missing.' 

Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) known as "Careu Kent" overseas, 1950s-1970s
The 'Gervais-Irene' in Jamaica, 1976. FKA: 'Earhart'

Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.

The Distances Kept by Nat Geo and the Smithsonian
Everyone loves the National Geographic Society, that has always followed the lead of the Smithsonian Institution and its traditional support of the suggested but never verified, 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's world flight ending.
Warner Home Video Ng Wheres Amelia Earhart (dvd/ff-16x9) - Pricefalls ...
So it was no surprise a decade ago, after new information surfaced further promoting Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival, Amelia Earhart Society president, Billy Prymak and other protectors of her status-quo legacy implored the National Geographic Channel to produce a documentary aimed at discrediting all controversial information about her disappearance, no matter how substantiated it was. It was clear in the face of so much conflicting data it presented, the objective of the program was to show renewed support for the preferred 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's flight ending.
It is worth noting how the Smithsonian, a Washington DC based ward of the U.S. Government, never investigated Earhart's loss nor has it ever offered an official explanation about it. Likewise, The National Geographic Society, also headquartered in Washington DC and never about to challenge the viewpoint of the Smithsonian, has never officially investigated it either. Rather, it has merely reviewed different conclusions presented by opposing theorists.
Nat Geo's "Where's Amelia Earhart?" mystery critique is available on DVD and is still occasionally shown on its cable channel. In the process of generally dismissing the mystery, the program broadly askewed the new learned information about the Irene-Amelia controversy. For instance, it omitted the original Irene Craigmile's past connection to Amelia Earhart, it downplayed the head-to-toe and character trait congruence shared by the Gervais-Irene and Amelia to the point of attempting to negate it, and it avoided statements made by the original Irene's son, Larry Heller, who just three months prior to the show's production identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene as his mother, that confirmed his mother's identity had been a shared identity. The Nat Geo Channel opted not to display the woman Mr. Heller identified as his mother in its program, nor to mention anything about her, even though its producers were fully aware of Mr. Heller's recent ID placement.
Finally, to further its campaign to keep public opinion swayed against the 'Irene' controversy, a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin was engaged to appear in the program, who after his brief review of the limited information the show's producers gave him, expressed a sarcastic viewpoint toward the idea of Amelia surviving with a new identity.
In a counterpoint way, the most controversial forensic reality aspects of the Irene-Amelia equation left out of Nat Geo's, 'Where's Amelia Earhart' program are displayed in Protecting Earhart, to include how the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Below: Tod Swindell's request followed by the 1934 born, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller's identity placement response dated: Friday, February 21, 2014. Subject: ID Verification. [Note: Mr. Heller first verified his mother's image the same way on April 6, 2006 when he was personally interviewed in New York. It was the first time he commented about the ongoing question of his mother's identity since he was quoted in the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune series to say he "wished for the mystery of his mother's identity to remain a mystery." The woman he identified as his mother was not the Gervais-Irene who was known by the same identity, whose photo image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas.] 

Tod Swindell's query, sent: Thursday, February 20, 2014
Subject: Verification


Hi Larry,

I want you to know that I am in full agreement with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to the correct presentation of the facts.  

My conveyance is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.




Larry Heller's response, sent: Friday, February 21, 2014
Subject: Re: Verification

The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller   Proof is available.



Early 1940s


The Non Gervais-Irene....
An O'Crowley family secret?
Left and right photos...
...displays same person in younger-older versions.
Non Gervais-Irene's true identity remains unknown,
Her estimated age in 1982 was 'late fifties'

Below is the younger and older alignment of the Gervais-Irene, whose photographed image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, and she was not biologically related to Larry Heller, although she did use his mother's identity from the mid-1940s on, until she died in 1982.

'Gervais-Irene' young
Left and right images combined display the congruence.
The Gervais-Irene in 1965.
AKA 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' in the photo displayed in the 1970 book 'Amelia Earhart Lives.'

It ultimately proved out after they were forensically compared, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart displayed a highly remarkable congruence: 

The Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
Amelia Earhart, 1933

The Gervais-Irene
Shown in a 1963 photo taken in Japan
Equally superimposed...
...Amelia and the Gervais-Irene.
Amelia Earhart, age thirty in 1928.
Photo taken after her Friendship flight.

Gervais found Mrs. Bolam's close friendship with Amelia's sister, Muriel to also be odd in a highly familiar way.
Below: Note the uncanny 'sister-like' resemblance Amelia's sister, Muriel had with her later-life friend, the Gervais-Irene. Their similar appearance was no coincidence for they truly were biological sisters.

Amelia's mother and sister, Amy Otis & Muriel "Pidge" Earhart. (Amelia's nickname was "Millie")

Amelia's sister, Muriel

The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965.
With British husband, Guy Bolam.


Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend
By Donald Moyer Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Don Wilson became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War Two era among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands while researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. 'Lost Legend' presents over a hundred different accounts that described Earhart's life in the Marshalls and on Saipan given by government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local businessmen and common folk. Most all of the testimonials were based on conveyed eyewitness accounts, and Wilson actually met and spoke with a few elderly eyewitnesses. His book handily concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll in the Marshall Islands, but it did not offer a certain explanation pertaining to what ultimately became of them. Randall Brink on the other hand, in his 1993 book, Lost Star, seriously entertained the notions of Noonan assuming a new identity and ending up as a U.S. Naval Intelligence Officer, and Earhart returning to the United States after assuming a new identity in order to live privately. 

Below: After she was reported missing, for some odd reason Amelia Earhart's image began to require White House protection. This reply to a request for more information about Amelia's disappearance by Paul Mantz and Jackie Cochran, forwarded by Amelia's friend, First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt to FDR's right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. in May of 1938 [nine months after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were said to have 'vanished without a trace'] displays the evasive stance the White House was actively adhering to as far as Amelia was concerned, and how damaging, 'confidential information' about her had been withheld: 


"This is a powder keg. Any public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion." U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Claude Swanson in 1938, refers to the 'official silence regard' concerning Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance. From Emile Gauvreau's The Wild Blue Yonder, EP Dutton Co., 1944.

From Morgenthau's conversation...
...with the First Lady's secretary Malvina Scheider about the withheld Earhart disappearance report.

Can a person change over time, to a point where they're no longer recognizable for who they used to be? Consider the following:

"We fancy ourselves as concrete things, something with boundaries, unchanging, and when we have occasion to refer to ourselves or examine ourselves introspectively, we believe we know what we refer to and are adamant in our avowal of self. The truth is we neither know ourselves nor are we the same from one moment in our lives to the next. If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)

Below are a few quotes displaying interesting, if not revealing sides of Amelia's private and public sides. The first two are from Susan Butler's 1997 Addison-Wesley Amelia Earhart biography, East To The Dawn. The 'Muhammed Ali' quote comes from Susan Ware's 1993 W.W. Norton Amelia Earhart biography, Still Missing; Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism.  

"...Amelia's habit of concealment extended even to her closest of friends..."

"...averse as she was to ceding control of her life in any circumstance to someone else."

 Then again, when it came to speaking her mind; "Amelia was about as shy as Muhammad Ali."

Where history treated Amelia Earhart unfairly, it is mainly because a difference existed between what the public thought it understood about the time period of her last flight, compared to what it did not later recall. One thing often overlooked was how Amelia was an anti-war pacifist who was not so affected by the growing negative feelings toward Japan in 1937, four years before Pearl Harbor happened. She was adhering to an isolationist stance, and during her last flight she wrote favorably of all nations she visited. Amelia also spoke several languages to include Japanese, she adored Japan's culture and she was a hero there in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had been. She always chose to do things her own way, and in effect, when the Sino-Japanese war broke out on July 7, 1937--just five days after she was declared a missing person, she was pretty much gone forever from that point on.

"Do not believe in what you've heard. Do not believe in tradition because it is handed down many generations. Do not believe in anything that has been spoken of many times. Do not believe because the written statements come from some old sage. Do not believe in conjecture. Do not believe in authority or teachers or elders. But after careful observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and it will benefit one and all, then accept it and live by it."

Buddah (563 B.C. - 483 B.C.)


Iva Toguri, 1946

The FBI version of Iva Toguri (other surname, "d’Aquino") and “Tokyo Rose”

Following the Japanese surrender in September 1945, American troops began searching for Japanese military leaders and others who may have committed war crimes. The press—sometimes following, sometimes beating the military to the scene—did the same.

Two of these reporters, Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee, sought “Tokyo Rose,” the notorious siren who tried to demoralize American soldiers and sailors during the war by highlighting their hardships and sacrifices.

Through their legwork and contacts, the two reporters quickly identified one young American woman, Iva Toguri, who had made such broadcasts. Brundidge and Lee offered her a significant sum, which they later reneged on paying, for exclusive rights to interview her. Toguri agreed, signing a contract that identified her as Tokyo Rose.

The problem for Aquino, though, was that Tokyo Rose was not an actual person, but the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American-speaking women who made propaganda broadcasts under different aliases. As a result of her interview with the two reporters, Aquino came to be seen by the public—though not by Army and FBI investigators—as the mythical protagonist Tokyo Rose. This popular image defined her in the public mind of the post-war period and continues to color debate about her role in World War II today.

[Protecting Earhart note: The statement "Tokyo Rose was not an actual person," contradicts the testimony former U.S. soldiers gave during the Tokyo Rose trial in 1949--who avowed there had been one specific American female voice with a pure accent who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," just as Iva Toguri had consistently identified herself as "Orphan Ann" or "Orphan Annie." Note as well how careful the language is used where the FBI final report conveyed how 'Tokyo Rose' was "the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American speaking women..." It is also no small coincidence, in the Marshall Islands, Amelia Earhart grew to be commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' after she was picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy, with the common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' being "that held by the chrysanthemum," and the chrysanthemum symbolizing the seal of the Emperor of Japan.] 

The Zero Hour

In November 1943, Toguri was asked to become a broadcaster for Radio Tokyo on the Zero Hour program. The program was part of a Japanese psychological warfare campaign designed to lower the morale of U.S. Armed Forces. The Zero Hour was broadcast every day except Sunday, from 6 p.m. until 7:15 p.m., Tokyo time. Toguri participated in most weekday broadcasts, but other women handled weekend duties.

Toguri was introduced on the program as “Orphan Ann,” “Orphan Annie.” Toguri’s average time on each program was about 20 minutes, during which she made propaganda statements and introduced popular records of the day, such as “Speak to Me of Love,” “In a Little Gypsy Tea Room,” and “Love’s Old Sweet Song.” The remainder of the program was devoted chiefly to news items from America and general news commentaries by other members of the broadcasting staff.


Click here to e-mail Protecting Earhart/ E-mail address:

Protecting Earhart came into existence in 1996 and launched in 2007. Its comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study 1.) Proved more than one person used the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe and character-traits congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, ultimately concluding against the grain fo convention, said two individuals marked the same human being.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis began in 1997 and was first copyrighted in 2002. Author-creator, Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was ultimately copyrighted in 2014. For publishing and subsidiary film rights availability, phone 323-317-0886 or send an e-mail inquiry to the above provided address.
Protecting Earhart is dedicated to the tireless efforts of the late USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col., Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data and handwritten letters in 2002, paved the way for the overall forensic comparison study to eventually reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to former CIA operative, Bazzell Baz, who breathed some additional life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor when it was first getting underway in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Amelia Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity, after enduring their own long term investigations of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in 2004 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's 'Protecting Earhart' forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in Colonel Reineck's book, though it is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are the intellectual properties of Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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