To Protecting Earhart's 'Irene-Amelia.com'
Eighty years ago Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared while flying
around the world. Herein find a thorough review of the most pertinent information learned about it over the years by reputable
previews the long-term forensic analysis and soon to be published MSS, Protecting Earhart. [U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]
As decades passed, much information was
discovered that pertained to Amelia Earhart's premature world-flight ending. Protecting Earhart marks the first long-term
investigation to present a comprehensive forensic analysis of what happened to Amelia, and features the first-ever
close examination of past investigators who claimed she managed to 'live-on' amid complex circumstances after initially being
declared 'a missing person.'
The Twenty-Year Journey of Protecting Earhart
From the mid-1990s
on, Protecting Earhart extensively analyzed and expanded on the previous investigative research of Paul Briand,
Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Randall Brink, Donald Moyer Wilson, and Rollin Reineck. Each
devoted decades to unconvering the non-conveyed realities of Amelia Earhart's last flight, with their individual efforts resulting
in the following published works:
Below: Randall Brink's 1993 investigative
classic, Lost Star. A recognized 'War In The Pacific' historian, from
1980 on Brink extensively investigated a different outcome concerning Amelia's last flight than the one conveyed to the American
public. Connie Chung profiled Lost Star's revealing content when she anchored the CBS Evening News. The book expounded
on the non-publicized reality of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ditching in the Marshall Islands where they were picked up
and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. It also substantiated the previously discarded
suggestion of Amelia having quietly survived World War Two in Japan's care, and resurfaced the 1970s postulation of her living
beyond the war in anonymity by choice.
|Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
|Proved the U.S. government withheld crucial information concerning Amelia's disappearance
What 'Protecting Earhart' Conveys...
"All truth passes through three
stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."
On The Outdated Amelia Earhart Mystery...
"Keeping the public in the dark about Amelia Earhart is ridiculous. The learned forensic
truth about what happened to her after she was said to have 'disappeared without a trace' in 1937 is obvious
anymore. Unfortunately, the press circuit and our national history stewards are led by individuals who liken the Earhart
mystery to Santa Claus; they know it isn't real but they keep promoting it due to its popularity in American
culture, and the convenience of not having to address or present the truth." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell
[Backed by over a half-century of investigative
research on Amelia Earhart's disappearance--notating how the long-ago assertion of Amelia continuing to live for some time
after she went missing was never disproved, Protecting Earhart's website, Irene-Amelia.Com has been viewable on-line
via service provider, Web.Com since 2007.]
Seventy years prior to 2007, after not locating
Howland Island and with no mention of her plane having any mechanical trouble, according to record Amelia Earhart stopped
transmitting messages after her ambiguous 'last words' of "We are running north and south"
were received. With the public not knowing the final direction she ended up steering her plane, the
'mystery' of what happened to Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan inauspiciously began at that point. Since then, over the
years the long and complex entanglement of what actually happened to the two fliers slowly took form in tandem with people's
growing curiosity--that evolved into a worldwide obsession.
In the interim, by the late 1960s, especially
after CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner's groundbreaking expose' about Amelia Earhart's last flight, The Search
For Amelia Earhart was published in 1966, people were at last accepting the long suspected reality of Earhart and Noonan
getting lost in the shuffle of the pre-World War Two era after their emergency ditching took place in the Marshall Islands.
Many eyewitnesses were still living then, with the vast majority of them offering how ever since the event occurred there
existed a 'common awareness' among Marshallese people that Amelia and Fred Noonan ended up there [an 'awareness' that still
exists throughout the Marshalls and its surrounding Pacific Islands region today] but they feared Japan's oppressive military
rule during that time period, and remained 'uncertain' of what became of the flying duo after the Nipponese Imperial
Navy rescued and subsequently detained them.
[Note: Amelia's flight log featuring
her final radio messages was withheld by the White House for over a year before it agreed to release it--after being pressured
to do so. Several investigators determined the White House version was adjusted to suit public consumption before it was
released. Their deduction was fairly solidified after Fred Goerner's discovery of a U.S. 0-2 Intelligence file dated 'November
1938' that referenced Amelia having transmitted her final decision to maintain a 'northern heading,' and her continuing to,
'transmit at intervals as her signals gradually weakened.']
Goerner's investigation included cooperation from former U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet Admiral, Chester
Nimitz, who in 1965 admitted it was "true" and "documented in Washington DC" that Earhart and Noonan "went
down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." Goerner's additional detailed and indexed research
was so impressive that it paved the way for The Search for Amelia Earhart to occupy the top spot on the New York Times
best seller list for twelve straight weeks.
In his book's final summation, with no solid information beyond hearsay to account for her ultimate fate after
she ended up in Japan's custody, Goerner did his best to answer the question on what happened to Amelia by advancing the strong
probability of her having been transferred to a major Nippon military hub on Saipan at some point after she was rescued in
the Marshalls. Once there, according to different accounts relayed to Goerner, Amelia ended up sequestered at a facility known
as the 'Kobayashi Royokan,' a former hotel on Saipan taken over by Japan's military. After that, via additional information
he gleaned from local sources, Goerner determined that Amelia came down with a 'mysterious illness' leaving him to deduce
she was likely stricken with dysentery--and to conclude she died from the affliction after locals described she 'no longer
lived' at the Kobayashi Royokan after her bout with the illness. Lacking a 'smoking gun,' it was all Fred Goerner was
able to suggest at the time.
Some varying accounts
that Amelia may have been executed for spying on Japan's installations also came into existence. In the early 1940s, even
a few U.S. Navy officials were subscribing to this idea. However to Goerner, Admiral Nimitz could not verify that such a thing
actually occurred. Especially after measuring an OSS rumor [Office of Strategic Services, the CIA's predecessor] that seemed
to promote yet another offering of Amelia having 'died' during her post-VJ Day liberation process. By further adding
this to the words of Admiral Nimitz' fellow top-brass Navy friend, retired USN Commander, John Pillsbury, who mentioned to
Fred Goerner how by his 'digging for the truth' on what really happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred
Noonan, he was on to something that would "stagger his imagination" ...one could only be left to wonder
about all of what Amelia's world flight ending actually did end up amounting to.
It came to be the case, where as solid as the information was that conveyed how Earhart and Noonan
ended up in Japan's custody after flying off course, the task of determining exactly what happened to the duo afterward
hit one rumor-mill detour after another, thus creating the persistent, long-lasting guessing game that characterized the so-called
'mystery' their disappearance story became.
The TIGHAR and Nauticos
In lieu of all of the above information, oddly
enough, by the mid-1980s an overt campaign to debunk the otherwise extensive Marshall Islands research findings had commenced
with the formation of TIGHAR, a group led by one well-funded Richard Gillespie that came to exist just prior to Elgen Long's
other new privately funded group known as 'Nauticos' did. Since then, both individuals worked tirelessly at persuading the
public to believe the information researched and presented by Briand, Goerner, Gervais, Brink and other previous investigators,
was worthless. They did so so by insisting their own differing suggested endings of Amelia's last flight were correct, with
Mr. Gillespie claiming Amelia and Fred Noonan died on a remote deserted Pacific atoll, and Mr. Long claiming they simply crashed
and sank near their intended destination of Howland Island.
and Nauticos are still going strong today, accompanied by quiet nods from the U.S. government with its long-maintained 'official
silence' stance toward Amelia's loss all-but welcoming their high-profile invented diversions. More detailed, Richard
Gillespie offered how after missing Howland, as Amelia and Fred Noonan continued to fly safely, with no previous mention to
anyone they elected to blindly steer hundreds of miles below the equator into the desert ocean--where they went down on the
uninhabited 'Gardner Island' (now known as 'Nikumaroro') and perished as castaways. A remarkable Pied Piper like individual,
Mr. Gillespie managed to lead masses of curious souls to his far-fetched ocean, where of course, after many of them drained
their pockets to help fund his expedition efforts, they metaphorically drowned in its false-hope waters. It appears few of
them paid attention to the fact that the Smithsonian Institution never deemed any of Mr. Gillespie's claims or his recovered
items from the once inhabited Nikumaroro as linked to Amelia's 1937 disappearance. [The Smithsonian has, however, cautiously
afforded credence to the Marshall Islands ending of Amelia's flight.] Even so, TIGHAR sports a nice looking Internet site
that over time, along with Richard Gillespie's dogmatic posturing, managed to ensconce him as 'the media darling'
of the Earhart mystery world.
Elgen Long promoted the
U.S. government's preferred viewpoint for the public to adhere to ever since the event of Amelia's so-called 'disappearance'
took place. Mr. Long offered how after failing to locate Howland, Amelia and Fred Noonan ultimately crashed and sank fathoms
deep into the Pacific within a two hundred mile radius of it. Dismissed in Mr. Long's summation, was according to the Lockheed
experts who built Amelia's plane it still had enough fuel on board for at least four-to-six hours of additional flying time
in the event she and Noonan missed Howland Island. Furthermore, both Mr. Long and Mr. Gillespie dismissed Amelia's mention
of her 'Plan B' to reserve enough fuel to head back to the British Gilbert Islands chain should such a thing as their
missing Howland occurr. [The Marshall Islands, part of the Gilbert's same archipelago, are situated just north of the Gilberts.]
Contrary to the ideas issued by Gillespie and Long, the credibly substantiated,
albeit, previously arcane information Protecting Earhart displays that was initially discovered and revealed
on a national level by the earlier investigators listed above, has never been disproved or over-challenged. Just the
same, by now people have heard so many different things about Amelia's disappearance due to the different claims made by Gillespie,
Long, and a variety of other latecomer theorists, that coupled with the quick deflections consistently issued by the United
States and Japan that enabled the two countries to avoid seriously addressing Amelia's old 'missing person' case
in a public manner, today's general population is no longer familiar with the true-gist of the controversy.
Recognizing the Amelia Earhart world flight story's
long-term maturation process and what the learned details ultimately ammounted to, Protecting Earhart revived the true
controversy that pertained to Amelia's loss and returned it to the profound level it originally came to rest at in
the 1960s and 1970s.
As well, anymore, answering the question of whether
or not Amelia Earhart continued to exist for decades after she was picked up by Japan in 1937 is easily done with three words:
Absolutely, she did. The public was just never supposed to know about it. Conceptually, though, her choosing to live
out her life as a non-famous person after World War Two should not be so hard to understand or accept. As the Gervais-Irene,
she shared her post-war 'Irene' identity with two other women. Why? Perhaps her later-life friend and confidant, Monsignor
James Francis Kelley's 1987 quote said it best: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia
Earhart anymore." [Note: "All she'd been through" referenced what she endured from
mid-1937 to mid-1945, the time period she was gone from view.]
be it from anyone to blame Amelia Earhart for feeling the way she did after the tumultuous war years, that left her preferring
to live out the rest of her life in a non-public way. Today, however, thirty-five years after the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'
died in 1982, when the learned truth so obviously stares back at
us, it should no longer be ignored.
Here's to the ones who dream
Foolish as they may seem
Here's to the hearts that ache
Here's to the mess we make
From La La Land's, 'Audition'
|The Gervais-Irene in Japan, 1963...
|...identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, the truth stares back
|...with her former 'Amelia' self, Protecting Earhart's study made it obvious...
As a result of Protecting Earhart's new-millennium,
'comprehensive forensic analysis,' any further the solid forensic conclusion clearly states: There were three different
individual human beings attributed to the same Twentieth Century identity of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller
Bolam," and one of them, the 'Gervais-Irene' who appeared nowhere identified as Irene in the United States prior
to the mid-1940s, and who completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise when compared, had famously
been known as 'Amelia Earhart' prior to when she was errantly purported to have 'vanished without a trace'
Early 1940s 1946
Above: The three different women historically identified
as one in the same,
Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials and slight
'look adjustments' notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
in 1946 on the far-right
[the Gervais-Irene] had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
Earhart's Forensic Analysis Came to Be
"I found it hard to believe, after learning from Major
Gervais and Colonel Reineck before they passed on in 2005 and 2007, that the same 'Irene,' who for three decades they had
been claiming with certainty used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart,' had never been forensically compared to Amelia, nor had
her full-life story ever been scrutinized in a true forensic manner. Finally, after listening to Colonel Reineck's
recorded interview of former Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, who outright confirmed his late
close friend, Irene Bolam used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart' within it, I decided it was high-time for a forensic analysis
to be conducted that would compare the physical beings and character traits of Amelia and said 'Irene' to each other. During
the course of the study an amazing discovery was made that revealed how the same 'Irene' identity in question had been attributed
to three different women, and the particular 'Irene' they had referred to appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to
the mid-1940s. After that, it actually did not take that long to realize Major Gervais, Colonel Reineck, and Monsignor Kelley--against
the grain of conventional history--had been correct all along about the 'Irene' they had referenced, who definitely did used
to be known as, Amelia Earhart." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell,
excerpted from a 2017 interview conducted in Atchison, Kansas at the annual Amelia Earhart Festival.
Courage is the price that life exacts for granting peace,
The soul that knows it not, knows no release,
From little things;
Knows not the
livid loneliness of fear
Nor mountain heights where bitter
joy can hear
The sound of wings.
Below: Some of the last photos taken of
Amelia Earhart in New Guinea just before she and her navigator, Fred Noonan went missing. Left-to-right, Amelia with one
Frank Howard; with F. C. Jacobs and Fred Noonan; and with Noonan just before boarding for their last flight. Underneath,
a photo of the duo's final takeoff in Amelia's Lockheed Electra 10E.
|The duo's final takeoff from Lae, New Guinea
Believe it or not, the truth about Amelia
Earhart's world flight outcome--and what became of Amelia after she went missing--has long been recognized by many individuals
from within the public realm...
Conceptually, the world and the universe are very different from each other. The rules of the world evolved
from human ideas over many thousands of years and they have not always remained on track or been fairly distributed. Perpetually
refined so that someday goodness might unconditionally prevail, this has long been the ideal goal of rules made by humans
in charge of running the world. There have been slip-ups along the way, mostly fear-instilling, ego-driven ones that enabled
barbaric societies to exist, individuals akin to Adolph Hitler to be admired, and ideas of racism, and religious and gender
inequality that led to practices of slavery and genocide. These were all worldly creations of human beings who managed to
promote them to popular levels.
The universe is different. It tracks the ebb-and-flow of goodness
only and always rewards the highest good the most. The universe pays no attention to 'ego' or 'bad' or 'evil' and it is incapable
of fear or trickery. The universe is a straight player only, always has been, always will be. This is why the wisest of good
and charitable human beings throughout time have always adhered to the common notion: Don't trust the world, trust the
universe, for it rewards in kind. With the missing person case of Amelia Earhart, fearful, ego-driven people of the world
created the mystery it became. Therefore in a worldly way, it can be said, "The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance
exists because it's supposed to exist." Yet to some good, brave and kind individuals who saw through the worldly limitations
applied to it, without hesitation they recognized the real, 'universal truth' about Amelia Earhart long ago.
Here it is, the 'believe it or not' truth about Amelia Earhart that has actually been recognized since the 1960s,
only to be shouted down ever since by important sounding individuals who worked hard to encourage people to ignore it, and
to pay attention instead to their own differing conclusions.
Where Amelia Earhart
And Fred Noonan Ended Up, And What Ultimately Became Of Them...
|Marshall Islands Ambassador, Alfred Capelle...
|told the Associated Press in 2002: "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937"
|1987, 50-year commemorative Marshall Islands Stamp
|Depicts Earhart & Noonan and their plane's retrieval by Japan's military near Mili Atoll
Above left is the Republic of the Marshall Islands United Nations Ambassador,
Alfred Capelle, who confirmed to the Associated Press and repeatedly to others as well, the long recognized 'common awareness'
in his country of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan having ended up there. Above right is a 1987 Republic of the Marshall
Islands postage stamp, one of a series that commemorated the country's 50th anniversary of Amelia's rescue at
Mili Atoll by Japan's Imperial Navy in early July of 1937. The Koshu had been consistently described by a variety of Marshall Islands residents from the World War Two
era on, to have been the boat that picked-up Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, and Amelia's Lockheed Electra after the fliers
ditched in the lower Marshalls at Barre Reef, adjacent to Mili Atoll. Accordingly, Earhart and Noonan remained stranded there
for a few days before Japan rescued and ultimately detained them. It is important to recall here, that the U.S. had asked
permission from Japan to search the Marshalls right after the fliers went missing, but permission was denied, and Japan never
reported the results of its own agreed-to search efforts either.
Note: In 2017 the History Channel aired a documentary
about Amelia's last flight that duly supported her having ditched in the Marshall Islands, although it postulated as well
that Amelia had likely 'died' while being held by Japan without offering any real proof that such a thing occurred. [See the related 'recently discovered photo controversy' in the 'Press Notices'
link.] The idea of Amelia dying while she was in Japan's custody was contrary to the beliefs of several past investigators,
who, citing sound reasons for doing so, averred that Amelia actually survived the war while she remained in Japan's care,
and she eventually returned to the U.S. to live in anonymity by choice, as quietly endorsed by the omniscient guises
of two post-war relationship-healing countries, the United States and Japan. Although ridiculed by many who found it hard
to believe, this actually does make sense as Amelia was a loved hero in Japan in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had been,
leaving it unlikely she would have been executed or allowed to succumb to a neglected illness--the two main suggestions of
how she could have possibly died while in Japan's care. Proponents of Amelia's continued survival believe Japan strategically
protected her as an 'ace' in its deck of war-time cards, and futhermore, how Japan's war-time 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts invention
was a coy reference to its coveted detainee, Amelia Earhart, who was referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" among Imperial
Mandate Island locals during the years leading up to the war. [Read more about this throughout Irene-Amelia.Com.]
|A few American accented women...
|...broadcast for Japan duing WWII. One indentified herself as, "Tokyo Rose"
During the years leading up to World War
Two, Amelia Earhart had been referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" by people living among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands.
Ambassador Capelle affirmed the Pacific Islanders translation of 'Tokyo Rosa' was 'that held by the chrysanthemum.' The chrysanthemum
is a euphemism for the Emperor of Japan, whose official seal prominently adorns a chrysanthemum flower. Even though many U.S.
servicemen who served in the Pacific during World War Two insisted one of the 'American accented sirens' who broadcast for
Japan clearly identified herself as 'Tokyo Rose' when signing on and off, five years after the war ended the FBI issued a
curious statement to the effect that 'Tokyo Rose' had been a moniker 'strictly invented by U.S. soldiers.'
Below are four of the stamps issued
by the Republic of the Marshall Islands in 1987, including the one displayed above. Two days after
the duo was rescued by Japan, the Sino-Japanse War began, exacerbating the difficult situation the world
flight team found themselves in:
|The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
|Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and retrieval at Mili Atoll
Below: A 1944 USAAF reconnaissance photo of
Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands taken during a bombing raid, reprinted from Randall Brink's best selling book, Lost
Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton, 1993. Protecting Earhart's forensic study enlarged and rotated
the insert, then placed an outline of an Electra 10E, Amelia's plane model, over it.
|1944 USAAF recon photo
|Taroa in the Marshalls; several accounts described Amelia's wing-damaged plane was taken there
| 1944 USAAF Marshall Islands reconnaissance photo
|Taken on a bombing run over Taroa, eyewitnesses claimed Amelia's 'wing damaged' plane ended up there
Above: The one-winged outline of an Electra
10E fit right over a plane on Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands in 1944 that matched no other Japanese manufactured
planes of that era. Years before the photo was located in U.S. military archives, eyewitnessess John and Dwight Heine both
described how Amelia's wing-damaged plane ended up at Taroa where they helped Japanese military personnel off-load it from
its transport ship. The cowlings and WASP engines looked to have been removed, as was the damaged wing at the seam. The
full recon photo was first published in Randall Brink's 1993 book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart. Protecting Earhart's study greatly enlarged the photo before placing the Electra
outline over it.
Why this information was never endorsed to the
Ever since the World War Two era, the 'official
silence' regard the United States and Japan maintained toward Amelia Earhart's world-flight ending discouraged
people from recognizing later-learned forensic true-hoods about it. Observe the following quote:
foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting
mystery." From Marilyn Bender and Selig Altschul's Pan Am & Golden Age of
Aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument, Simon & Schuster, 1982.
[Note: About the book, The Chosen
Instrument mentioned directly above, its title referenced the consistent U.S. government contracts awarded to Pan Am Airways
during the 1930s 'golden age of aviation.' Thus, 'Pan Am' was Uncle Sam's 'chosen instrument' when it came to strides
made in the rapidly growing field of aviation. Amelia's world-flight navigator, Fred Noonan was a top navigator for Pan Am
before he agreed to participate in Amelia's world flight. The rumor of his being 'fired' from Pan Am for excessive drinking
was later shown to be false, as was the rumor that his penchant for alcohol caused he and Amelia to miss Howland. Seeing through
the conjured excuse that tried to place the blame for Amelia's loss on Noonan's shoulders, those who knew and worked with
Fred Noonan vehemently stood by his 'highly responsible' prowess as a navigator. Noonan taught many other Pan Am navigators
in its flight training school, and he served as the head navigator on the original Pan Am Clipper team that opened the world's
first major airline service over the seven seas in the mid-1930s. According to the research of retired USAF Major, Joe Gervais
in the 1960s & 1970s [and edified by the 1980 statements made to Randall Brink by Amelia's 1930s friend, Walter McMenamy,
who mentioned he "last saw Noonan in 1949"] after Noonan went missing with Amelia, ostensibly he was liberated without
fanfare by Japan while Amelia continued to remain in its charge, and in time he segued into a high-level position in U.S.
Naval Intelligence. Noonan was also a highly experienced sea-man, who during the war years, according to Major Gervais, was
part of the team that helped with the logistical planning of the Normandy invasion. [Note: Whether or not Noonan ended
up as one of two people who used the same name of 'William Van Dusen,' Pan Am's former public relations chief who was badly
injured in the war, remains a subject of debate. Gervais believed the real Van Dusen may have died from his war injuries leaving
Noonan to acquiesce his identity.]
|April 17, 1935
|Above: Fred Noonan shown third from right with Pan Am's original Hawaiian Clipper survey team.
Easier To Understand...
A few influential dissenters darkened the
common think-tank about Amelia's disappearance by suggesting it was obscured by a vast conspiracy,
even though it never was. Easier to understand is how the truth was buried long ago by the select
few who were clued in about it.
In time it became evident
to those who seriously studied the gradations of it all; there was a certain lack of innocence
when it came to the so-called 'disappearance' of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. This reality was
solidified after the 1980 Freedom Of Information Act, when it was verified the United States Executive Branch had all-along
withheld crucial information about it:
"The only thing different is the history you will never know."
Former U.S. President Harry S. Truman [shown above] answers a reporter in the fall of 1945. The President
had been asked what was different about the world after the war(?) The Earhart debacle marked some of the 'never to be known
history' left over from President Franklin Roosevelt's administration that Truman inherited. [See below.]
|Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR
"I hope I've just got to never make it public." 1938
words of the White House adminstration's, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. on information the U.S. Executive Branch withheld about
Amelia Earhart's disappearance.
Above, prominent cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. [shown with
President Franklin D. Roosevelt] plainly described how the White House withheld information about the outcome of Amelia's
1937 world flight in an official transcript dated May 13, 1938, ten months after Amelia and Fred Noonan went missing.
One of the Roosevelts' better family friends and among FDR's most trusted advisors dating back to his term as governor of
New York, when Henry Morgenthau Jr. cautioned he 'never wanted to have to make
public' what the White House learned about the untimely ending of Amelia's world flight [how her plane had been engaged
by Japanese aircraft after she steered too far north of England's Gilbert Islands into hostile territory] he was responding
to a query about it forwarded to him by First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt who had been a good friend of Amelia's. By virtue of
Morgenthau's additional words preceding his, "I hope I've just got to never make it public" statement, that in its
entirety reads, "What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes... I hope
I've just got to never make it public," based on the intelligence the White
House had gathered on Amelia's "last few minutes" and in lieu of Japan's impenatrable
silence about it, FDR's administration determined Amelia and Fred Noonan met their demise by being shot down, and it would
be awful to "have to make it public." The White House was later stupefied
as World War Two grew imminent, when additional information it gathered indicated the duo actually managed to survive by ditching
in the lower Marshall Islands--where as later verified, Japan's Imperial Navy retrieved and detained them without public awareness.
Ultimately buried by the onset of the war, FDR's administration never
did 'make public' any of the crucial information on Amelia Earhart's world flight ending it furtively withheld.
The U.S. Executive Branch's tradition of silent-treatment toward Amelia's loss continued to remain throughout the war,
throughout the remainder of the Twentieth Century, and it still remains to this day.
The reason the American
public was ultimately encouraged to dismiss the truth blatantly presented to them about Amelia Earhart's disappearance in
the 1960s & 1970s was forged after the event occurred, then firmly shored up at the end of World War Two. During the enormous
amount of reparation agreements that took place right after the war, it was strategized what would be best for the country
both patriotically and internationally moving forward, that the mystery of Amelia's disappearance would always remain, 'a
mystery.' President Truman replaced Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., who he did not like much, just before VJ Day. After FDR
died in April of 1945, Morgenthau became a fairly inert White House figure whose remaining value was to be viewed as one of
the few individuals who knew where some of FDR's important bones were buried. As part of the new White House administration,
Morgenthau's suggestion to convert Germany into an agrarian society after the war was viewed as highly myopic by Truman and
his own hand picked advisors, and it served as the last straw when it came to ending Morgenthau's enduring, formidable White
House presence and tenure. How the mystery of Amelia Earhart came to remain firmly in place ever since the war years,
may at least be partially found in the following quote issued by the infamous Joseph Goebbels, whose nationwide propaganda
efforts swayed an entire country during the pre-World War Two era: "If you tell
a big lie often enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only
for such time as the State can shield the people from the consequences of knowing the truth. For the truth becomes the enemy
of the lie, and thus by extension, the enemy of the state."
ever since the end of World War Two the following has remained a quietly observed true-hood in both Washington DC and Tokyo:
'The mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance exists because it's supposed to exist.'
|Above, Amelia on either side flanking her future self, the Gervais-Irene, shown in 1970
The Ever-Obfuscated Post-Loss Reality Of Amelia Earhart
Dating back to the 1970s,
it has remained understood and accepted by many reputable individuals--some no longer living of course--that Amelia Earhart
survived her ordeal in Japan's custody and she eventually returned to the United States after assuming a different identity.
Even so, the mere mention of Amelia's post-loss continued existence into the latter
part of the Twentieth-Century was perpetually obfuscated in the public eye, although anymore the evidence is clear it did
happen. To be sure, four nationally published books issued from 1970 to 2016 promoted it as a purposeful non-conveyed reality,
only to be ridiculed by disingenuous individuals more interested in promoting lesser claims to media outlets than they were
in embracing the truth. Most people today do not realize there remains a 'politically correct' influence in place that encourages
the public to accept how there was no conceivable way Amelia could have continued to survive in Japan's care throughout
the war. The History Channel's new 'she died while in Japan's custody' favoritism marks the latest example of steering
people away from accepting Amelia's obvious, post-loss body evidence. True, the historical ramifications of the U.S.
government acknowledging Amelia's post-loss existence in the U.S. after the war would be pretty significant, so it's easy
to see why it has always managed to avoid addressing the topic. Never the less, it is the truth. It's important to
reiterate how no hard evidence of Amelia's death ever surfaced after she ended up in Japan's care. On the other hand,
body evidence amounts to proof, and one can observe here-below and throughout this website--what actually became of the
person that had been previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart':
|The 'Gervais-Irene', Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
|The forensic study proved her post-war era identity had been attributed to two other women
|Protecting Earhart's study also proved...
|...the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s...
|...and further proved...
|...her physical and character traits congruence to the world famous person she used to be
Click on the following link for a slow motion dissolve
of the above panel. Hit the back arrow to return to Irene-Amelia.Com:
No matter what has been repeatedly described over the years by strong-voiced opponents [veteran
Earhart theorists & devotees Mike Campbell, Richard Gillespie, and Elgen Long foremost among them] whom in the interest of promoting
their own differing claims combated the assertion of Amelia having survived her disappearance and later changing
her name for the sake of future privacy, the point is: Forensically there is incontrovertible
evidence that reveals how after her storied
disappearance, Amelia did live-on and eventually changed her name before resuming her life in the
United States. Following her return to the U.S., she endured a period of healing and made a few adjustments to her famous
visage while familiarizing herself with U.S. life in the mid-1940s. She then took up residence in her former Long Island stomping
grounds where she was given comfortable positions in the banking industry. She was first employed at the People's National
Bank near Mineola as a senior loan officer, before ascending to vice president status at the National Bank of Great Neck--until
retiring in 1958 when she married Guy Bolam of England, who ran Radio Luxembourg. [Great Neck, Long Island was where as Amelia she
had lived with her friend, Marian Stabler's family in the mid-1920s. During her fame years she often flew out of Floyd Bennett
and Roosevelt Air Fields on Long Island as well.]
Further known as 'Irene,' she travelled
the world incessantly after she married Guy Bolam and had resumed her association with the women's ZONTA organization as well.
After Guy died in 1970, she took over as the corporate president of Radio Luxembourg and continued to travel for the remainder
of the decade, regularly to England and Japan beyond Europe, that included of course, Luxembourg.
An interesting footnote; her later-life adoration of Japanese culture left some individuals who assessed the constraints
of her war-time survival considering she was possibly a Stockholm Syndrome victim during the years she existed under
Japan's stewardship. As her friend and confidant, Monsignor James Francis Kelley once remarked about her later-life years,
"...she barely recognized herself for who she used to be," and how after the war she, "didn't want to be Amelia
Earhart any more."
Amelia was able to obtain her new identity with assistance from a ZONTA figurehead she befriended
during her fame years [Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley], with omniscience
of the U.S. Justice Department [the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover], and a 'confidant'
friendship that offered her needed support administered by then Seton Hall College
President, the aforementioned Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a well-known priest with doctorates in philosophy and psychology
who from the late 1970s to the early 1990s described to select individuals how he had treated Amelia with "healing emotional therapy" after her return to the United States. Monsignor Kelley, who died in
1996, also disclosed how he had been instrumental with helping Amelia to become 'Irene.' [Note:
This is all substantiated information. See the Monsignor Kelley related photo and news article clipping below.] In
more recent years, after Monsignor Kelley's recorded statements were publicized, status-quo Earhart mystery devotees decried
them as 'attention seeking offerings from a victim of old-age senility' that caused the monsignor to 'make-up' what
he passed along about his good friend, 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.' Some long-time close friends
of the Monsignor's disagreed, offering how the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first began
telling them how Amelia survived the war in Japan's custody--before he helped her to resurface in the United States with a
new identity. It's easy to see the Monsignor was all-along correct when one examines the decades after-the-fact forensic comparison
results and considers the otherwise unlikely enormity of coincidence of two people sharing the overall congruence they
displayed. The three panel comparison above marks a significant example among many others from Protecting Earhart's
new millennium study, especially when one considers the photo was enlarged from one taken of Monsignor Kelley's close friend,
the Gervais-Irene, sitting next to his sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession, her main travelling companion after Guy Bolam died.
For edification of this, again click on the following link to observe the short, slow-motion dissolve that begins with the
full original photo. This time, be sure to look into the Gervais-Irene's eyes as the dissolve unfolds. Once more, here's the
link: Irene4-slo transition-HD 720p
Until Protecting Earhart's new millennium
forensic study took place this undeniable congruence had not been recognized, nor had it been discerned that by the time the
former Amelia Earhart died in 1982, the same identity that left her further known as 'Irene' after the war had also been attributed
to two other women. Said amazing realization further cemented the reality of how the 'Irene' who matched Amelia from head-to-toe,
who was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
This latent history of Amelia Earhart was dismissed by her survived family and virtually ignored by official
history itself. None the less, the five-decades-old 'never-disproved' assertion that the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously
known as Amelia Earhart, logistically exists anymore as an obvious forensic reality.
Not convinced? Keep going...
From 1970 on, to include ever since
the Gervais-Irene died in July of 1982, people relentlessly continued to question her true past. Directly below is former
Seton Hall College President, Monsignor James Francis Kelley's telling 1982 newspaper quote pertaining to the suggestion of
his recently deceased friend, Mrs. Irene Bolam's [the Gervais-Irene's] suspected 'previous Amelia Earhart identity.' His reply
left the curious on the brink of recognizing a privately understood reality when it came to Amelia Earhart's full life
War time service awards given to Monsignor James
20, 1946 citation from J. Edgar Hoover for assistance rendered during
the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal Bureau of Investigation
of the United States Department of Justice."
"Citation awarded in 1941 by Henry P. Morganthau Jr. for three years of Patriotic Service with integrity and diligence for the Treasury
Department of the United States of America."
The above two awards are cited in Monsignor Kelley's 1987 autobiography. He offered
no explanation on why he received the above awards, but he did include the following passage in the foreword of his autobiography
that was no doubt relative to his previous relationship with his long time 'important' friend, the Gervais-Irene, who
died in 1982:
"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very
personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. Some
of them were now dead and I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents
could result in the publication of data about deceased people who could not defend themselves."
Kelley later acknowledged he had 'written a chapter' for his book about his endearing relationship with Amelia Earhart, who
he confirmed was further known as 'Irene' in the United States after World War Two, his decision to not include it in his
final published version was not so surprising. In fact, as close as the two had been for over three decades, that his book
never once mentions the names of 'Amelia' or 'Irene' anywhere is revealing in itself--where it concerned the ongoing importance
and sensitivity of their previous alliance.
|Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy
Below: An excerpt from investigative author, USAF Colonel Rollin
C. Reineck's 1991 taped interview with Monsignor James Francis Kelley.
Reineck tracked down the elderly Monsignor after learning from two of the Monsignor's good friends,
Helen Barber and Donald DeKoster that the Monsignor had confided in them about Amelia's continued survival as 'Irene' years
Reineck: If you have things of hers [Earhart's]
I would like to see them. Are you aware that she was Irene Bolam?
Reineck: Amelia Earhart
was Irene Bolam?
Kelley: That's right, yes.
Note: Listening to the actual recording of this, the Monsignor could not have
sounded more calm and matter of fact in his reply to Colonel Reineck's question about Irene Bolam.
|A close friendship that was evident after WWII...
|The Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] and Monsignor Kelley in the 1970s
|Monsignor Kelley's beautiful St. Croix, US Virgin Islands home.
|Monsignor Kelley's beautiful Rumson, NJ home. The Gervais-Irene was a familiar guest at both homes.
NOTE: In 1991, retired Air Force Major, Joe
Gervais and retired Air Force Colonel, Rollin Reineck held a press conference in Hawaii to provide updates on their ongoing
investigation of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, foremost including their certain belief that Amelia had 'quietly survived'
World War Two. Colonel Reineck soon after received a letter from a Mrs. Helen Barber of Wayne, Pennsylvania that described
something her seasonal neighbor, Monsignor James Francis Kelley had shared with she and her husband a decade
earlier. She referred Colonel Reineck to another couple she knew, Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeKoster of Detroit Michigan, (Mr. DeKoster
was an auto industry executive) to additionally verify the information she had been made privy to. Both the Barbers and the
DeKosters were fairly affluent and owned winter homes in the Virgin Islands on St. Croix, near Monsignor Kelley's home there.
The following section was excerpted from a letter
sent to Colonel Reineck by Mrs. Barber shortly after his press conference with Joe Gervais took place:
“Dear Colonel Reineck,
My husband and I read about your news conference
in Hawaii. We are impressed by the integrity of your investigation into the Earhart matter and we simply had to contact you
with a related experience we have kept to ourselves for many years. We have a home in the Virgin Islands where we spend winters
and one of our neighbors down there is Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Monsignor Kelley owns a beautiful home on top
of a hill on the island of St. Croix where our winter home is also located. In 1981 during a luncheon with him, he related
to us how he was commissioned at the end of the war to help bring Amelia Earhart back from Japan. He said he was chosen to
serve as her psychiatric priest. He also told me something about missing documents he had to get that she needed in order
to help with her Identity change. The Monsignor told us that he received her as she was being subjected to an identity change.
He told us that she stayed with him at his New Jersey home and I believe sometimes his St. Croix winter home while he helped
with her emotional, spiritual, and psychiatric needs.”
The above passage was reprinted from a letter Helen Barber sent to Rollin
Reineck in 1991. Reineck recorded different follow-up phone conversations he had with Mrs. Barber and Mr. Donald Dekoster.
Both confirmed their belief in what Monsignor Kelley described to them about Amelia Earhart, with Mr. Dekoster offering how
the Monsignor was "quite lucid" in the late 1970s when he first told him how instrumental he was when he helped
Amelia settle into her new 'private life' as 'Irene' after the war years.
After privately doing so to select
individuals before she died [such as the two mentioned above] following the 1982 death of his good friend, the Gervais-Irene,
from the mid-1980s on, Monsignor James Francis Kelley disclosed to a variety of individuals how she used to be known
as 'Amelia Earhart.' Decades after his doing so, it was therefore no coincidence that Protecting Earhart's new-millennium
forensic comparison analysis displayed the obvious head-to-toe and character trait congruences the Gervais-Irene and her
former Amelia-self shared. Although known by different names in different generations, plainly and naturally,
the same human being shone through in the analysis. Shoring it all up, included in the analysis was the ID placement of the
1934 born son of the original 'Irene,' Clarence 'Larry' Heller. Mr. Heller positively identified an entirely different woman
than the Gervais-Irene as his 'mother' to Protecting Earhart, solidifying the long-held claim of his mother's identity
having been additionally attributed to Amelia Earhart during her later life years, when she too was most commonly known as,
|Overlooking Honolulu from the Punch Bowl...
|...USAF Major, Joe Gervais (Ret.) and USAF Colonel, Rollin Reineck (Ret.) in 1983
Famous Earhart investigative researcher, USAF Major
Joe Gervais [1924-2005] who studied Amelia's disappearance more than anyone in the Twentieth-Century, was the person who first
traced the knowledge of Amelia's survival and eventual name change to have been protected by former Seton Hall College President,
Monsignor James Francis Kelley, former FBI Chief, J. Edgar Hoover, war-time Archbishop Francis Spellman, former Women's Air
Force Service Pilots leader and past good friend of Amelia's, Jackie Cochran, Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, General
Douglas MacArthur, Attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, and Amelia's sister, Muriel Earhart Morrissey.
Major Gervais did write to J. Edgar Hoover in early 1969, asking
him about Amelia Earhart only to receive the following response:
"In reply to your request, information in our files must be maintained
as confidential pursuant to regulations of the Department of Justice. I hope you will not infer either that we do or
do not have material in our files relating to the individual you mentioned. Signed, J. Edgar Hoover."
“I think of God as a symbol for good, thinking good, identifying
good in everybody and everything. This God I think of is not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal force, eternally
present, and at all times available.”
‘Don’t trust the world, trust the universe. The truth is known. The universe
delivered the truth about Amelia Earhart decades ago; the world has kept it from being understood and accepted.’
Most definitely, the Gervais-Irene
Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Even so, quite a few important sounding individuals continue to all-but scream,
kick and hollar within their attempts to convince people otherwise.
The Post-World War Two Era Preference
J. Edgar Hoover had his hands full in late August of 1945. World War Two had just ended and no one was ever to know that Amelia
Earhart had managed to survive the duration of it in Japan's stewardship. Hoover recognized how the always heeded to 'official
silence' in Washington and Tokyo about Amelia's loss left people uncertain of what really happened to her. Fortunately for
him, nary a soul considered Amelia might still be among the living as the U.S. bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. No matter the
other tongue-in-cheek pseudo 'official offerings' about the circumstances of Amelia's disappearance that came to exist, she
did manage to survive with the shared knowledge of it eventually being sealed by executive orders in both Washington and Tokyo.
Shoring up the half-century old, 'never disproved' discovery
Major Joe Gervais made in 1965 and first went public with in 1970, Protecting Earhart developed the first-ever forensic
reality viewpoint that enabled it to handily display and ultimately prove Amelia's continued existence after World War Two. This
includes her privately arranged return to the United States where she was further recognized as one
of three women attributed to the same name of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam," until her
death on July 7, 1982.
From the time he first
met her in 1965 at a prestigious gathering of retired pilots in New York until his death in 2005, USAF Major, Joe Gervais
(ret.) maintained this particular Irene Bolam, shown above in a 1976 photo taken in Jamaica, was previously known as, 'Amelia
Earhart.' [See the comparisons
below and throughout Protecting Earhart's Irene-Amelia.com website.] Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis that was being conducted when Major Gervais died ended up proving him
correct. This photo does depict the woman who up until mid-1937 was famously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Well adept at skirting
the subject of Amelia's disappearance, the U.S. State Department, the U.S.
Department of Justice, and the U.S. Executive Branch have never denied this truth and never will. 'Official silence' and
becoming adept at skirting the subject of seriously addressing Amelia's post-loss circumstances have long been the credos
U.S. government departments have adhered to. Credo: 'A belief or aim used to guide someone's
Over the years the public has been persuaded
not to consider the possibility Amelia's post-loss 'private' survival by dogmatic influences. Protecting Earhart's
new millennium 'ten-year forensic analysis' speaks for itself by presenting what any further exists as a rather obvious, albeit overlooked
|Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
|Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.
Amelia, age 30, after her
'Friendship' Atlantic crossing.
Above: Amelia after she completed her Friendship
Flight that instantly catapulted her from obscurity to world fame.
Below: When one compares the care-worn Amelia
photo on the far left to the more relaxed & cheerful one on the far right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s
photos of the same person. Protecting Earhart's superimposed comparisons reveal a natural eye-to-eye, bone-structure
|Two photos superimposed: Amelia as herself in 1933 and as 'Irene' in 1965
|Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976
|Monsignor Kelley's sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession (left) with the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart'
|Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.
Left: Irene [the 'Gervais-Irene'] in Japan in 1963.
with her former 'Amelia' self.
Early 1940s 1946
Above: The three different women historically identified
as one in the same,
Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials and slight
'look adjustments' notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
in 1946 on the far-right
[the Gervais-Irene] was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
An Incontestable Reality:
has been a number of postulations that attempted to account for Amelia Earhart's actual fate, although the extensive data
presented here, some traceable to the adroit handling of pre-World War Two circumstances by the United States Executive Branch,
was thoroughly accounted for and analyzed over the years by a variety of reputable investigators.
In other words, it's real.
truth still remains now just as it had been described decades ago by those closest to the occurrence of the event itself--that
Japan was able to retrieve Earhart and Noonan after the duo managed to ditch in its lower Marshall Islands, and it is certain
Japan considered their arrival at Mili Atoll there suspect during the tense onset of the Sino-Japanese war, before it optioned
to surreptitiously detain them, flummoxing the United States Executive Branch in the process. In the immediate aftermath
Japan was well-aware the United States strongly opposed its sudden war declaration against China. Recall at the time, right
after the duo was declared 'missing' U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Joseph Grew asked Japan for permission to allow the U.S.
to search the Marshall Islands. Japan refused to allow it, replying it would conduct its own search. The unfolding situation
was quickly exacerbated by the onset of the Sino-Japanese war just days after Earhart and Noonan were declared 'missing'
that all-but severed diplomatic
relations between Japan and the United States. Japan kept its intervention with the post-loss fate of Amelia Earhart and
Fred Noonan to itself from that point on. The only thing it did offer many years later, was that it 'never harmed Amelia
Earhart.' This was in the form of an off-hand diplomatic reply to insinuations that Amelia had been executed by its military
for spying. Japan did not execute Amelia. Instead, to whatever degree it safe-harbored her during the war until, unknown
to the public, she was returned to the United States just as many other former civilian internees and POW's were. The final-fate
of Fred Noonan was always harder to ascertain. He was described by 1930s Earhart friend, Walter McMenamy as 'last seen in
1949.' No doubt Noonan's lower profile post-loss saga was guided by different circumstances. It's further interesting to
note, after Amelia became known as 'Irene' she continued to occasionally travel back to Japan where she maintained several
friendships. Note: It has always remained a strict policy observed by the U.S. Justice Department's FBI division
to not disclose the existence of WPP's [Witness Protection Programs] or to reveal any of
Note: Even if it had suspected
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan of spying on its installations, it is unfathomable given the tenuous circumstances of the time
that Japan would have risked military retaliation from the United States by executing them while it was steeped in construction
efforts to fortify its Mandated Islands, of which the Marshall Islands were a very significant part.
always prevails, and one is well advised to trust certifiable evidence when it comes to assessing what really happened
to Amelia Earhart in July of 1937, and what became of her afterward.
The enormity of what Protecting Earhart
conveys is backed by such evidence.
|Below: 1928 Amelia photo starts morphing...
|...a photo of her later self.
|Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis....
|...displayed Amelia alive as 'Irene' for nearly four decades after WWII
From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books authored by different investigative researchers concluded Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in Japan's custody
and eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' the same name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers. Unlike Amelia's
background, Protecting Earhart's investigative research revealed the original Irene Craigmile's existence during the
1930s to have been ambiguous, even sordid at times, and exemplified a person who generally lacked ambition. [See further below for a brief on the original, 'Irene Craigmile.']
|The Joe Klaas-Joe Gervais book:
|A best-seller in 1970, it determined Amelia privately survived and later changed her name to Irene.
|By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
|A first hand account; note Irene's photo on the cover.
|By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2003
|Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
|Most recent, by W. C. Jameson
|Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
USAF Major, Joe
Gervais was first to realize the 'Amelia became Irene' equation in 1965, with his five-year 'investigative research' assessment
of it later appearing in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. In time a slew of follow up investigators [and authors] who seriously
looked into the controversy came to agree with Gervais, and they determined Amelia accepted her new existence as 'Irene'
not only for political reasons, but because she no longer wanted to be a famous, 'public' person. Once more, as her later
life good friend and confidant, former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey
described it to Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley in 1987: "After all she'd been through she didn't want
to be Amelia Earhart anymore."
Another decade would pass after Monsignor
Kelley described what he did to Dean Magley, before Protecting Earhart's 'first of its kind' quantitative forensic
analysis began highlighting the credibility of the well-known Monsignor's words. [See the Monsignor Kelley/Wally Schirra page-link for
The Protecting Earhart MSS expounded on the results
of its long-term, comprehensive analysis backed by extensive supportive research, thus enabling it to forensically endorse
the conclusion of Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival that left her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two.
[Note: In 1958 said 'Irene
Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England, thereafter leaving her known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.']
About the original,
A past acquaintance
of Amelia's whose left-over identity she later acquiesced
|The Original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
|Shown with her husband Charles & her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.
The original Irene Craigmile and
Amelia Earhart were acquaintances.
original Irene Craigmile's maiden name was 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley.' She was an only child. Best
estimates described her as 'born in 1904' although no birth certificate for her was
ever located. Her mother, Bridget Doyle O'Crowley, who called her daughter 'Madeline,' died
when her daughter was twelve. Following his wife's death, the original Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley [known as
'Joe'] found it difficult to raise his daughter alone so she was left to be cared for
by her paternal grandmother, Sarah Rutherford O'Crowley and her paternal aunt, an attorney by the name of Irene Mary Rutherford
O'Crowley, Sarah's daughter. In 1920 said mother and daughter team lived together on Lombardy Street in Newark, New Jersey
with young Irene, who was listed as 'age 14' at the time. Joe O'Crowley had remarried by then and saw his daughter less frequently.
Note: The above mentioned original Irene's aunt, attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley
was the first woman to pass the New Jersey state bar exam. She was also a prominent ZONTA member who in 1928 oversaw and was
the emcee for Amelia Earhart's induction into the ZONTA organization, an exclusive club for prominent professional women.
Amelia and attorney Irene remained friends from that point on.
1928 as well, Sarah O'Crowley and her daughter, attorney Irene O'Crowley began caring for a four year old little girl who
attorney Irene described as 'the daughter' of a deceased relative. By then the original Irene had married and was living in
Pequannock, New Jersey with her first husband, Charles Craigmile, who she wed in 1927.
In 1931, while he and the original Irene were on a road trip together visiting his parents,
Charles Craigmile tragically died from internal poisoning after his appendix burst.
A year later, Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry helped arrange flying lessons for the original
Irene to lift her spirits, and in late May of 1933 she was awarded her pilot's license--only to realize she was newly pregnant
out of wedlock at the time, thus ending her brief stint as a pilot. [It was the second time the original Irene had become
pregnant out of wedlock. The first time occurred before she met Charles Craigmile.] Within a few months of realizing she was
pregnant the original Irene eloped to marry the father of her child, her last flight instructor, Alvin Heller. Their son,
Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934.
their matrimony was short lived. By the late 1930s Al Heller had moved to Buffalo to work at the Curtis Wright airplane factory
and the couple's marriage was soon after annulled. An ugly custody battle for their son also ensued with both Al Heller and
the original Irene accusing each other of poor parenting, excessive drinking and promiscuous behavior. Amid this turmoil their
son was often left in the care of others, then strangely enough, by the early 1940s his mother, the original Irene no longer
A few years later, in 1946, a different woman sporting
the original Irene's same identity could be found working at the Peoples National Bank of Long Island as a Senior Loan Officer.
Where Amelia's career left her familiar with the world of high finance, the original Irene had no work experience or education
relative to the banking industry. In fact, beyond her losing her first husband in 1931, her short lark as a pilot, eloping
to marry in 1933 then having a baby in 1934, the original Irene's employment history only showed her having worked as a department store 'floor
is evident the original Irene's son, who grew up to be a Pan Am pilot, only recalled a surrogate mother figure from prior
to his enrolling at a boarding school in the early 1940s, for the woman he identified as his 'childhood mother' for Protecting
Earhart, the 'Non Gervais-Irene,' was much younger than his biological mother. In recent years this forensic reality was
verified by way of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. [Note: The lengthy,
'Al Heller, Irene Craigmile 1938-1942 annulment and child custody case file' is viewable in the Nassau County, Long Island
public records division.]
Anymore, An Obvious Reality...
Late 1945, Enter The 'New' Irene Craigmile
After the 'new' Irene Craigmile emerged in the United States following World War Two, twenty-years
would pass before anyone would suspect her to be the former Amelia Earhart. By then she was 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' as
a result of her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England. As the debate about her enigmatic persona and odd air of
importance continued to grow in the 1970s and 1980s, even some of her close family and friends began to struggle with
the question of her true identity. It wasn't until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place that
the person she used to be finally became self-evident:
|Top middle: Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
|Bottom row, far left; Amelia; middle, her future self; right, Amelia
|Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
|LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s
Above and below: © Protecting Earhart
"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New
York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated
in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No,
I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes
I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said.
At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to
know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
"...all the admirals and generals seemed
to know her."
Anymore it is forensically incontestable: The Gervais-Irene was known as 'Amelia Earhart' in the United States prior to mid-1937.
Incredibly enough, for decades important sounding individuals continuously tried to convince the public that this
now highly-recognizable reality was incorrect.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis not only compared physical
beings, it also compared character traits, to include a document examination handwriting analysis. Two samples from the handwriting
analysis appear below the following text:
In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...
"I can offer in evidence two people whom
you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been
my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais.
[See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial language use, "...because they
each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly stated the two people she referenced
knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. [The 'two people' were Amelia's well known 1930s'
pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after the World War Two era.] Note
as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long
Below: Two handwriting comparison samples from
Protecting Earhart's document examination portion of its forensic analysis. The cursive letter samples came from separate
handwritten letters of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's that were compared and evaluated.
|Gervais-Irene's handwriting from a 1967 letter:
|Sent to Joe Gervais with Amelia's own "Amelia M. Earhart" high school signature added
|Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
|From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart
It has long
been considered 'common knowledge' in the Marshall Islands that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there before
they were picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Recall in 1937, Japan was the ruling government authority in the
Marshalls and its other surrounding Mandate Island--where Americans were not welcome. Hostility was brewing there at the time
and the local Mandate Islands populations feared the authoritarian rule of Japan's military. The Marshall Islands went on
to become a stronghold for Japan's Imperial Navy and Air Force during World War Two, until U.S. armed forces conquered and
occupied them in 1944, temporarily placing Admiral Nimitz in charge there. Following the war, with much help from the United
States, eventually the Marshall Islands became its own governing republic.
"Tokyo Rosa" Versus "Tokyo Rose"
she was picked up and detained by Japan, Amelia was soon being referred to by Mandate Islands local populations as, "Tokyo
Rosa." This was years before World War Two American soldiers stationed in the Pacific began listening to Japan's NHK
Radio, 'Zero Hour' broadcasts that featured the infamous 'Tokyo Rose' among a few American female voiced DJ's.
The United States
Federal Branch's post-war efforts diffused Tokyo Rose's original association with the detained Amelia Earhart, who had clearly
inspired Japan's invention of 'Tokyo Rose.' Just a few years after the war, the FBI laid down an edict asserting that no
female NHK radio DJ ever used the name of 'Tokyo Rose.' Soldiers who heard the broadcasts
strongly disagreed, testifying there was at least one American accented female who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo
Rose," further describing how she ended her night-time broadcasts by saying, "This is Tokyo Rose, goodnight, and
try and sleep if you can."
Enough soldiers had also described the voice of Tokyo Rose as sounding 'just like
Amelia Earhart's voice' that George Putnam was called upon to monitor the broadcasts. He admitted 'Tokyo Rose' had been "fiendishly
well coached" to sound like Amelia, but insisted the voice did not belong to his gone-missing wife.
In late 1941, an American woman of Japanese descent, Iva Toguri was a twenty-five
year old UCLA graduate whose mother traveled her to Japan to take care of an ailing relative. Unfortunately, Iva ended up
stuck in Japan after the Pearl Harbor attack, and she spent the duration of the war there. Coerced into doing broadcasts using
the name of 'Orphan Ann,' Iva ended up being arrested as 'Tokyo Rose' after the war even though she never used that name,
and her distinct Japanese accent was highly detectable. Not long after VJ Day though, Iva was railroaded into being falsely
attributed to the name of 'Tokyo Rose' in an attempt to deflect its association with the war era 'Tokyo Rosa,' AKA 'the detained
by Japan, Amelia Earhart.' Recall at that time, according to the recognized facts in the United States as World War Two churned
on, Amelia was said to have 'disappeared' in 1937, and she was legally declared 'dead' in 1939. George Putnam, who joined
the war effort as an Army Air Corp Major in 1942, was stationed in China as an intelligence officer when he was called upon
to monitor some Tokyo Rose broadcasts, and it is certain he would not have opposed the preference of his county's high-command
to decry any and all claims asserting Amelia owned the notorious radio siren's voice.
A Japanese translated definition of 'Tokyo Rose'
is: "That held by the Chrysanthemum." The Chrysanthemum flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan.
Again, from the Marshall Islands to Saipan, the detained Amelia Earhart had been referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa'
by local populations from mid-1937 on.
|Tokyo Rose did exist...
|The FBI asserted the 'Tokyo Rose' name was invented by soldiers. Soldiers who heard her disagreed.
All recordings of Iva
Toguri’s broadcasts proved she never predicted bombings or taunted U.S. soldiers about their wives at home being unfaithful,
as was errantly reported about her. The problem was Iva wasn’t Japan’s only American lady broadcaster, she was
just the only one caught. It remains common knowledge among Word War Two historians that there were other American accented
women who broadcast more sinister anti-American propaganda messages akin to those above, and many soldiers claimed one of
them called herself, ‘Tokyo Rose.’ The FBI’s strong post-war assertion that no female broadcaster ever went
by the name of ‘Tokyo Rose’ was in itself propaganda used to convince all that the name was merely a soldier’s
invention. The move was deemed necessary in order to divorce ‘Tokyo Rose’ from having anything to do with the
latent history of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance. U.S. intelligence knew well that Amelia was referred to as ‘Tokyo
Rosa’ by Marshallese and Saipanese people right after Japan’s Imperial Navy surreptitiously detained her in 1937.
It is further interesting to note, the first ever Tokyo Rose broadcast heard by U.S. troops took place aboard a U.S. submarine
stationed in the Pacific a week before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Iva Toguri was tried and convicted of treason in 1949. Amelia's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended her 'Tokyo Rose' trial on
a daily basis. Iva spent six years in prison even though she always strongly professed to be a loyal American who had been
coerced against her will into doing the broadcasts. She was never known as ‘Tokyo Rose’ before she was conveniently
labeled that way following the war, after she was bribed by the two reporters who asked her to claim that she was. Jackie
Cochran was present during Iva's arrest. As one of his last official acts, President Gerald Ford finally pardoned Iva in 1976.
On Amelia's Continued Survival...
Protecting Earhart shows how the conveyance of
Amelia Earhart's continued survival with a different identity was never as far-fetched as some people made it out to be.
For instance, after Charles Lindbergh died in 1974, thirty
more years passed before it was verified [in 2004] that he spent a
great deal of time in Europe from the 1950s to the 1970s
leading a double life as 'Careu Kent,' even fathering children there while doing so--with his American family unaware of
Protecting Earhart forensically displays how after 1970,
the year the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy first surfaced, decades worth of follow-up investigative research unraveled and
revealed a well hidden truth, where subsequent to when Amelia Earhart went missing in 1937, she too ended up leading a double
life after acquiescing the left-over identity of a former acquaintance of hers, 'Irene [nee O'Crowley] Craigmile.'
this forensic truehood is incontestable.
England's civilized Gilberts featuring two landing areas still within their reach, [Amelia's plane had close to a 4,500 mile flight range; New Guinea to Howland was a
2,550 mile flight] the two experienced pilots had no intention, nor would they have optioned
to fly below the Equator to the barren wastelands of the Phoenix Islands group as such a move would have courted certain death.
It was later learned that the duo's ongoing in-flight radio transmissions were suppressed after they missed Howland [by the
White House in cooperation with U.S. Naval intelligence and the Coast Guard] as they remained determined to fly-on to where
they knew they could land safely--as opposed to favoring the senseless idea of heading to a desolate place where no people
or landing areas existed. [Such as the misguided, albeit highly touted 'Nikumaroro
castaways claim' that the Smithsonian has always dismissed as 'unsupported by any credible evidence.']
|Amelia & her future self, the Gervais-Irene
|Jim Donahue's 1987 book
|The British Army secured the "Yank Jane Doe" [AKA Earhart] prior to the OSS liberation of Weihsien
|Friends, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart
|Jackie's husband helped underwrite Amelia's last flight
| Floyd Odlum & Jackie Cochran
Below: Author, David Bowman credited Tod Swindell's
Protecting Earhart Forensice Study, shown lower right on his book's dust-jacket:
|David Bowman's 2005 Book, Legerdemain
|Bowman used Tod Swindell's overlay on his cover and credited his forensic study
|From David Bowman's dust jacket...
|Last line down credits the early years of Tod Swindell's forensic study
How The Earhart Mystery Initially Resurfaced
Beginning in the 1950s and continuing for decades, retired
USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005], CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner [1925-1994], and New York State University at
Oswego Professor, Paul Briand [1920-1986] separately conducted the first deep investigations that looked into Amelia Earhart's
Paul Briand and Joe Gervais
Based on the withheld controversial information and vast
number of non-published accounts these three men discovered and revealed about Earhart's loss, all of them solidly
concluded Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up going down in Japan's forbidden-to-the-U.S, at the time
Marshall Islands where they were picked up by Japan's Imperial Navy and detained without public awareness.
Briand and Goerner could
not clearly ascertain what became of Earhart and Noonan after that, so in lieu of no better answer they suggested the two
fliers likely died in Japan's custody.
Conversely, after considering the growing hostile relationship that existed between the
United States and Japan back then, yet realizing as well it was unlikely Japan would have allowed any harm to come to Amelia
Earhart while she was in its care, [Amelia Earhart was a hero in Japan in 1930s, just as Babe Ruth had been] then after meeting
a 'hauntingly familiar' and 'highly enigmatic' woman among some of Amelia's old friends in 1965--Joe Gervais boldly asserted
that Earhart and Noonan had continued to survive in Japan's custody, and they eventually changed their names as part of a
quiet arrangement to 'close the book' on what actually happened to them. Gervais postulated how the U.S. and Japan shared a post-war, 'silent
agreement' to never revisit the tenuous debacle the duo's loss caused--in the interest of maintaining future diplomacy between
the two countries.
From the time he met her in 1965 until his death in
Joe Gervais maintained one Irene Bolam, shown in this
dated photo was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
After the Gervais story surfaced in 1970, the woman he
identified as the former Amelia Earhart refused to willingly cooperate, thus relegating the idea of Earhart's name-changed
survival to fall on stony ground. However, even after she died in 1982, the woman still remained suspect as supportive
evidence backing the Gervais claim about her continued to grow.
By way of his unsurpassed extensive research, today Joe
Gervais is recognized among the foremost investigators to show why the Earhart-Noonan disappearance controversy was perpetually
greeted with 'official silence' by the governments of the United States and Japan, dating back to the time the two were declared
|Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) known as "Careu Kent" overseas, 1950s-1970s
|The 'Gervais-Irene' in Jamaica, 1976. FKA: 'Earhart'
|Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
|Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.
The Distances Kept
by Nat Geo and the Smithsonian
Everyone loves the National
Geographic Society, that has always followed the lead of the Smithsonian Institution and its traditional support
of the suggested but never verified, 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's world flight ending.
So it was no surprise a decade ago, after new information surfaced further promoting
Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival, Amelia Earhart Society president, Billy Prymak and other protectors of her status-quo
legacy implored the National Geographic Channel to produce a documentary aimed at discrediting all controversial information
about her disappearance, no matter how substantiated it was. It was clear in the face of so much conflicting data it presented,
the objective of the program was to show renewed support for the preferred 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's flight ending.
It is worth noting how the Smithsonian, a Washington DC based
ward of the U.S. Government, never investigated Earhart's loss nor has it ever offered an official explanation about it. Likewise,
The National Geographic Society, also headquartered in Washington DC and never about to challenge the viewpoint of the Smithsonian,
has never officially investigated it either. Rather, it has merely reviewed different conclusions presented by opposing theorists.
Nat Geo's "Where's Amelia Earhart?" mystery critique is available on DVD and
is still occasionally shown on its cable channel. In the process of generally dismissing the mystery, the program broadly
askewed the new learned information about the Irene-Amelia controversy. For instance, it omitted the original Irene Craigmile's
past connection to Amelia Earhart, it downplayed the head-to-toe and character trait congruence shared by the Gervais-Irene
and Amelia to the point of attempting to negate it, and it avoided statements made by the original Irene's son, Larry Heller,
who just three months prior to the show's production identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene as his
mother, that confirmed his mother's identity had been a shared identity. The Nat Geo Channel opted not to display
the woman Mr. Heller identified as his mother in its program, nor to mention anything about her, even though its producers
were fully aware of Mr. Heller's recent ID placement.
to further its campaign to keep public opinion swayed against the 'Irene' controversy, a forensic detective by the name of
Kevin Richlin was engaged to appear in the program, who after his brief review of the limited information the show's producers gave him,
expressed a sarcastic viewpoint toward the idea of Amelia surviving with a new identity.
In a counterpoint way, the most controversial forensic reality aspects of the Irene-Amelia
equation left out of Nat Geo's, 'Where's Amelia Earhart' program are displayed in Protecting Earhart, to include how
the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
Below: Tod Swindell's request followed
by the 1934 born, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller's identity
placement response dated: Friday, February 21, 2014. Subject: ID Verification. [Note: Mr. Heller first verified his mother's image
the same way on April 6, 2006 when he was personally interviewed in New York. It was the first time he commented about the
ongoing question of his mother's identity since he was quoted in the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune series to say he "wished
for the mystery of his mother's identity to remain a mystery." The woman he identified as his mother was not the
Gervais-Irene who was known by the same identity, whose photo image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives
by Joe Klaas.]
Tod Swindell's query, sent:
Thursday, February 20, 2014
I want you to know that I am in full agreement
with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very
different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to
the correct presentation of the facts.
is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and
that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand
that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.
Larry Heller's response, sent: Friday, February 21, 2014
The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller
Proof is available.
Subject: Re: Verification
|The Non Gervais-Irene....
|An O'Crowley family secret?
|Left and right photos...
|...displays same person in younger-older versions.
|Non Gervais-Irene's true identity remains unknown,
|Her estimated age in 1982 was 'late fifties'
Below is the younger and older alignment of the Gervais-Irene,
whose photographed image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives.
She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, and she was not biologically related to Larry Heller, although she
did use his mother's identity from the mid-1940s on, until she died in 1982.
|Left and right images combined display the congruence.
|The Gervais-Irene in 1965.
|AKA 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' in the photo displayed in the 1970 book 'Amelia Earhart Lives.'
It ultimately proved out after they were forensically
compared, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart displayed a highly remarkable congruence:
|The Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
|...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
|Amelia Earhart, 1933
|Shown in a 1963 photo taken in Japan
|...Amelia and the Gervais-Irene.
|Amelia Earhart, age thirty in 1928.
|Photo taken after her Friendship flight.
Gervais found Mrs. Bolam's close friendship with Amelia's sister, Muriel to also
be odd in a highly familiar way.
Below: Note the uncanny 'sister-like' resemblance
Amelia's sister, Muriel had with her later-life friend, the Gervais-Irene. Their similar appearance was no coincidence for
they truly were biological sisters.
|Amelia's mother and sister, Amy Otis & Muriel "Pidge" Earhart. (Amelia's nickname was "Millie")
|Amelia's sister, Muriel
|The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965.
|With British husband, Guy Bolam.
Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend
By Donald Moyer Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Don Wilson became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War
Two era among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands while researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. 'Lost Legend' presents over a hundred different accounts that described Earhart's life in the Marshalls and on
Saipan given by government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local businessmen and common folk. Most all of the
testimonials were based on conveyed eyewitness accounts, and Wilson actually met and spoke with a few elderly eyewitnesses.
His book handily concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll in the Marshall Islands, but it did not offer a certain
explanation pertaining to what ultimately became of them. Randall Brink on the other hand, in his 1993 book, Lost Star,
seriously entertained the notions of Noonan assuming a new identity and ending up as a U.S. Naval Intelligence Officer, and
Earhart returning to the United States after assuming a new identity in order to live privately.
Below: After she was reported missing, for
some odd reason Amelia Earhart's image began to require White House protection. This reply to a request for
more information about Amelia's disappearance by Paul Mantz and Jackie Cochran, forwarded by Amelia's friend,
First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt to FDR's right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.
in May of 1938 [nine months after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were said to have 'vanished without
a trace'] displays the evasive stance the White House was actively adhering
to as far as Amelia was concerned, and how damaging, 'confidential information' about her had been withheld:
"This is a powder keg. Any
public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion." U.S. Secretary
of the Navy, Claude Swanson in 1938, refers to the 'official silence regard' concerning Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance.
From Emile Gauvreau's The Wild Blue Yonder, EP Dutton Co., 1944.
|From Morgenthau's conversation...
|...with the First Lady's secretary Malvina Scheider about the withheld Earhart disappearance report.
Can a person change
over time, to a point where they're no longer recognizable for who they used to be? Consider the following:
"We fancy ourselves as concrete things, something with boundaries, unchanging,
and when we have occasion to refer to ourselves or examine ourselves introspectively, we believe we know what we refer to
and are adamant in our avowal of self. The truth is we neither know ourselves nor are we the same from one moment in our lives
to the next. If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families
to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the
changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have
become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)
Below are a few quotes displaying interesting, if not revealing
sides of Amelia's private and public sides. The first two are from Susan Butler's 1997 Addison-Wesley Amelia Earhart biography,
East To The Dawn.
The 'Muhammed Ali' quote comes from Susan Ware's 1993 W.W. Norton Amelia Earhart biography,
Still Missing; Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism.
habit of concealment extended even to her closest of friends..."
"...averse as she was to ceding control of her life
in any circumstance to someone else." Then again, when it came to speaking her mind; "Amelia was about as shy as Muhammad Ali."
Where history treated Amelia Earhart
unfairly, it is mainly because a difference existed between what the public thought it understood about
the time period of her last flight, compared to what it did not later recall. One thing often overlooked was how Amelia was
an anti-war pacifist who was not so affected by the growing negative feelings toward Japan in 1937, four years before Pearl
Harbor happened. She was adhering to an isolationist stance, and during her last flight she wrote favorably of all nations she visited. Amelia also spoke several languages to include
Japanese, she adored Japan's culture and she was a hero there in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had
been. She always chose to do things her own way, and in effect, when the Sino-Japanese
war broke out on July 7, 1937--just five days after she was declared a missing person, she was pretty much gone forever from
that point on.
"Do not believe in what you've heard. Do not believe in tradition because it is handed
down many generations. Do not believe in anything that has been spoken of many times. Do not believe because the written statements
come from some old sage. Do not believe in conjecture. Do not believe in authority or teachers or elders. But after careful
observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and it will benefit one and all, then accept it and live by it."
Buddah (563 B.C. -
|Iva Toguri, 1946
The FBI version of Iva Toguri (other surname,
"d’Aquino") and “Tokyo Rose”
Following the Japanese surrender in September 1945, American troops began
searching for Japanese military leaders and others who may have committed war crimes. The press—sometimes following,
sometimes beating the military to the scene—did the same.
of these reporters, Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee, sought “Tokyo Rose,” the notorious siren who tried to demoralize
American soldiers and sailors during the war by highlighting their hardships and sacrifices.
their legwork and contacts, the two reporters quickly identified one young American woman, Iva Toguri, who had made such
broadcasts. Brundidge and Lee offered her a significant sum, which they later reneged on paying, for exclusive rights
to interview her. Toguri agreed, signing a contract that identified her as Tokyo Rose.
problem for Aquino, though, was that Tokyo Rose was not an actual person, but the fabricated name given by soldiers to
a series of American-speaking women who made propaganda broadcasts under different aliases. As a result of her interview
with the two reporters, Aquino came to be seen by the public—though not by Army and FBI investigators—as the
mythical protagonist Tokyo Rose. This
popular image defined her in the public mind of the post-war period and continues to color debate about her role in
World War II today.
Earhart note: The statement "Tokyo Rose was not an actual person," contradicts the testimony former U.S. soldiers
gave during the Tokyo Rose trial in 1949--who avowed there had been one specific American female voice with a pure accent
who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," just as Iva Toguri had consistently identified herself as
"Orphan Ann" or "Orphan Annie." Note as well how careful the language is used where the FBI final report
conveyed how 'Tokyo Rose' was "the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American speaking women..."
It is also no small coincidence, in the Marshall Islands, Amelia Earhart grew to be commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa'
after she was picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy, with the common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' being
"that held by the chrysanthemum," and the chrysanthemum symbolizing the seal of the Emperor of Japan.]
In November 1943, Toguri was asked to become a broadcaster
for Radio Tokyo on the Zero Hour program. The program was part of a Japanese psychological warfare campaign designed to
lower the morale of U.S. Armed Forces. The Zero Hour was broadcast every day except Sunday, from 6 p.m. until 7:15 p.m.,
Tokyo time. Toguri participated in most weekday broadcasts, but other women handled weekend duties.
Toguri was introduced on the program as “Orphan Ann,” “Orphan Annie.”
Toguri’s average time on each program was about 20 minutes, during which she made propaganda statements and introduced
popular records of the day, such as “Speak to Me of Love,” “In a Little Gypsy Tea Room,” and “Love’s
Old Sweet Song.” The remainder of the program was devoted chiefly to news items from America and general news commentaries
by other members of the broadcasting staff.