The 1997-2017 'Swindell Study' Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance

Home Page: Amelia Earhart
About The 'Original' Irene Craigmile
About Tod Swindell
The Universal Truth About Amelia Earhart
About Monsignor James Francis Kelley
Past 'Important' Amelia Earhart Disappearance Investigations
Forensically Comparing Amelia Earhart To Irene Craigmile Bolam
Amelia Earhart: A True Story
1982 Irene Craigmile Newspaper FRAUD Uncovered By The Swindell Study
Tod Swindell: One Filmmaker's Amazing Amelia Earhart Journey
Promoted Misinformation About Amelia Earhart


The 1997-2017 Swindell Study examined Amelia Earhart's disappearance in a different way than previous efforts--and its results upset the 'Earhart mystery' applecart. The following previews an upcoming documentary about it.


The Incredible Story
of Amelia Earhart
By Tod Swindell
"It would be awful to make it public." Part of an official White House transcript, this comment made by FDR staffer, Stephen Gibbons, pertained to information the White House knew about Amelia Earhart's final-flight outcome the general public was left unaware of. The statement was recorded nine months after Amelia was declared 'missing.'
"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington." Excerpted from aviation historians, Marilyn Bender and Selig Altschul's evaluation of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance and missing person case. From, The Chosen Instrument, 1982.
In 1997, fifteen years after Bender and Altschul's above comment was made, The Swindell Study commenced with its own in-depth analysis of Amelia Earhart's dated 'disappearance' and 'missing person' case. It took twenty-years to complete. Here is a sampling of the results:


Amelia Earhart

"After watching some video and reviewing the manuscript of another researcher, Tod Swindell, I think Joe Gervais was right." Stateside New Zealand Journalist, Rosalea Barker, agreeing with the findings of the new-millennium Gervais-Swindell collaboration that concluded:
1.) There was more than one person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' identity.
2.) According to Digital Face Recognition and other full-body and character trait comparisons, one of the Irene's, who was identified nowhere as 'Irene' before the end of World War Two, displayed a haunting congruence to Amelia Earhart.
3.) Amelia Earhart was acquainted with the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s, a once fledgling pilot who looked nothing like her.


Tod Swindell and Joseph A. Gervais in 2002


Digital Face Recognition displays Amelia & Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam) shown above in perfect alignment. Note: The Irene displayed in this comparsion was identified nowhere as 'Irene' before the end of World War Two.


Bill Prymak

In 2004, Bill Prymak, the 1989 founding president of the Amelia Earhart Society, referred to Joseph A. Gervais as, "A World War Two flying hero widely recognized as the world's leading authority regarding the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance."
Learn more about the investigative research findings of Joseph A. Gervais further down, to include how Tod Swindell's decade-long collaboration with him led to a forensic revelation.


Above once again, in a face template match verified by Digital Face Recognition technology, the images of Amelia Earhart & the post-World War Two only, 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' are shown in perfect alignment. According to record, in 1958, the woman known as 'Irene Craigmile' in the above comparison with Amelia Earhart, married Guy Bolam of England to further become known as 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.' She was not the original Irene Craigmile, who Amelia Earhart knew in the 1930s.
To Amy Kleppner, Grace McGuire, Larry Heller, Dr. Tom Crouch, Dorothy Cochrane, Dr. David J. Skorton, Dr. Kurt Campbell, Jean M. Case, and Robert Ballard:
Beauty is truth, truth beauty,
that is all ye know on earth,
and all ye need to know.

About truth:
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer

On preventing the discovery of truth:
"The discovery of truth is prevented most effectively by preconcieved opinion and prejudice." Arthur Schopenhauer


Official silence, misinformation, and obfuscation always maligned the debate over whether or not Amelia Earhart continued to live-on after she was reported 'missing' in 1937. The Swindell Study addressed Amelia's old 'missing person' case from an updated perspective--and determined how over time it became obvious that she did survive and later lived in relative obscurity by her own volition, similar to Greta Garbo. Except in Amelia's case she took-on a different identity, leaving few people aware that she ultimately survived her disappearance.


Below: Proudly posed with her pilot wings adorning her left shoulder is the post-World War Two only, Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), FKA, 'Amelia Earhart.'


She appeared from out of nowhere in 1946, ensconced as a new employee in a good position at the People's National Bank of Mineola, New York. The bank was located near her former Long Island stomping grounds where she formed the 99's and spent much time at the famous Floyd Bennett and Roosevelt Air Fields. It was then and there that the former Amelia Earhart embarked on her new existence as "Irene Craigmile." It had been nine years since she was declared 'missing' and the controversy over her disappearance, amid much hearsay that she had continued to live-on, had been obscured by a tumultuous world war.
While living on Weybridge Road in Mineola--with her changed look and new career--no one recognized her or even had an inkling of the famous person she used to be.


Above: A 1946 People's National Bank photo of new employee, Irene Craigmile, FKA, Amelia Earhart. She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the end of World War Two. It was hard to see through to her former self--yet note the below comparison:


Amelia Earhart


...dissolves into...


Amelia & the post-war only,
Irene Craigmile

By the time she married Guy Bolam of England in 1958, the former Amelia Earhart had ascended to become a Vice President of the National Bank of Great Neck. After she married Guy, she left the banking industry and began working with the enterprise that her new husband held an executive position with, Radio Luxembourg. They lived in Bedford, New York before relocating to upper New Jersey. They frequently traveled the world together until Guy died in 1970, after which time the former Amelia Earhart continued to travel and work for Radio Luxembourg, and eventually settled in the posh golfing community of Rossmoor, New Jersey. (She and Guy had also maintained a home in North Carolina.)
The story of Amelia's 1930s friend, the original Irene Craigmile, is briefly addressed below:


A 1982 newspaper article identified the person above to have been Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, the original Irene Craigmile, as she looked in 1932. Accordingly, the photo would have been taken a year after her husband, Charles James Craigmile, died from an appendicitis attack that was late being medically attended to. The photo quality is poor and its origin is questionable.
A slew of published photos identifying the original Irene Craigmile were located and are exhibited in The Swindell Study; all of them are of limited quality, their origins are again questionable, and importantly, none of them bared a resemblance to Amelia Earhart.
No to omit, the original Irene Craigmile barely ever used her pilot's license at all because she became pregnant out of wedlock right after she earned it in 1933. As a grown man, her 1934 born son identified an entirely different person to have been his 'mother' than the former Amelia Earhart who shared his mother's name and the woman shown directly above. As part of the arrangement to leave his mother's identity available for Amelia's use, to this day the public remains unaware of what became of the original Irene Craigmile. As course had it, her son ended up being raised by a surrogate mother figure he identified--and in boarding schools. Said "surrogate mother" is shown below in a photo her son estimated was taken, "around 1940." (It may have been taken in the mid-1940s.) no one is sure who this person actually was, but it is certain she was not the original Irene Craigmile, and again she did not much resemble Amelia Earhart: 


Above, the person the original Irene Craigmile's
son identified as, "my mother, around 1940."

Pertaining to The 1997-2017 Swindell Study of the disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart:
1.) It marked itself as the first Earhart study to utilize 'Digital Face Recognition' technology.



Above: Amelia Earhart in her thirties combined with the post-WWII only Irene photograph taken the 1970s.

2.) The Study over-challenged the 'Earhart World Flight Ending' Null Hypothesis by being the first investigative research effort to produce indisputable evidence to the contrary.


Above: President Franklin D. Roosevelt with long-time family friend and his administration's Secretary of the Treasury, Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr.


"What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes--I hope I've just got to never make it public."

Above: Another 1938 'official White House transcript' quote from Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., one of President Franklin Roosevelt's right-hand men. During a recorded meeting Morgenthau was holding, he refers here to withheld information at the White House concerning something that happened during "the last few minutes" of Amelia Earhart's flight after she failed to locate Howland Island. According to later discovered 0S-2 intelligence reports, the White House knew Amelia continued to fly in a northern direction after she gave up on trying to spot Howland--and that she continued to send radio messages at intervals while doing so. The White House never disclosed what happened during the "last few minutes" of Amelia Earhart's flight that Morgenthau spoke of--although his recorded comments and other telling discoveries enabled The Swindell Study to over-challenge the default Null Hypothesis (or false conveyance, really) that began with a premise, 'no one knew what happened to Amelia Earhart after she missed spotting Howland Island.' Here, it is clear the White House was aware of information pertaining to Amelia Earhart's flight ending on the day she was declared missing--that it chose not to make public. Joseph A. Gervais learned how during "the last few minutes" of her flight,  Amelia Earhart's plane was engaged by Nipponese military pilots who were made aware of her unwarranted air-space encroachment over their territory. He assessed that the White House was aware of such a thing having happened--and how key members of FDR's administration assumed Amelia had perished as a result, along with her navigator, Fred Noonan. The finality, as displayed in Morgenthau's above quote, was they chose "not to make public" the information it knew concerning what had "happened" to Amelia Earhart during her "last few" airborne minutes.

Later, during the war years, rumors swelled claiming Amelia had managed to ditch her fuel-exhausted plane on a southern Marshall Islands land-spit--and she and Noonan survived the ordeal that occurred during the onset of Japan's war declaration against China--and the two were rescued and retrieved for debriefing by Japan's naval authority, unknown to FDR's White House constituents at the time.

For what it's worth, it was not Japan that was ultimately responsible for covering up Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival. That task ended up falling squarely on the shoulders of the U.S. Federal Government, that ended up making a post-war pact with Japan about it--a pact both countries promised to always honor.  

For those unfamiliar with the depth of controversy that surrounded Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance:

"If anyone ever finds Amelia Earhart's plane underwater anywhere or at any other location--rest assured it was not Amelia Earhart who put it there." USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), 2006. 





Above: Filmmaker-Amelia Earhart historian, Tod Swindell

"There are Benjamin Franklin historians, there are Eleanor Roosevelt historians, there are Charles Lindbergh historians. I have been a dedicated Amelia Earhart historian for many years." Tod Swindell, 2019 


A Note From Tod Swindell
Creator of 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study' of Amelia Earhart's
1937 'Disappearance' and subsequent 'Missing Person Case'
Those who maintain that Amelia Earhart died, "on or around July 2, 1937," the date she was reported 'missing' amid odd circumstances--are not familiar with the two-plus decades of investigative research and forensic studies I orchestrated--within my dogged effort to answer the question of what actually happened to Amelia.
Many of you have heard--and still might hear (or read) inverse statements about the nature of my study from opposing theorists, from some of Amelia's family members, or from your everyday pseudo historians. Just know they are less-informed than myself when it comes to the unique way my study approached Amelia Earhart's disappearance, the passion I demonstrated for it, and the undeniable results it produced.
Or put it this way: While some individuals choose to speak out against the truthful nature of my Study's accomplishments, with a few all-but describing it as 'the work of an idiot,' I'll counter by offering this: Either I am a complete idiot--or my Study achieved something meritable within the broad realm of Amelia Earhart historical research, enough to where academia should feel compelled to assess its accountability.
I offer this because I did not 'make up' anything one sees or reads in my Study results. So it is not 'hokum,' a word someone once used to describe it with.
Of course, where Amelia Earhart's storied disappearance was ever concerned, when one person's educated opinion looks to over-challenge the stodgy reflection of myriad historians--not to leave out the elevated blood pressures of opposing theorists, sparking academia's interest in what really happened to Amelia Earhart is an automatic tough-fetch. This is due to the fact that by the end of the Twentieth Century people in general were viewing the 'Earhart mystery' as a played-out topic that appeared to be unsolvable--and thus had moved on from it.  
I'll counter again here, however, knowing myself as I do, (and no, I'm not an idiot) that I fully stand by the Earhart truths my Study learned and/or discovered over the years in a 100% way. As well, no matter how some individuals might kick, scream, and holler in opposition to the real truths it delivered, they cannot turn real truths into false ones.
It can also be said, where Amelia Earhart's so-called 'disappearance' and subsequent 'missing person case' were the subjects of my concern, my Study resurfaced, better solidified, and again exploited some previously discovered 'important truths' about Earhart's last flight outcome--that deliberate obfuscation and decades of time-passage had managed to wash away.
So for now I'll end with this: Should a person objectively examine and digest just a portion of the multitude of documents and images my Study of Amelia Earhart's disappearance and missing person case generated, he or she will realize the accomplishment by-far marks the most truthful research investigation ever to examine both topics--and therefore--the most important one as well.
That's not an idle boast. It's the truth.
Thank you, 
Tod Swindell


On with my Study results...



USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck in 1944 

"Your work relating to Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile is absolutely outstanding. There is no other way to describe it." Amelia Earhart author-historian, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, USAF (Ret.) in response to Tod Swindell's Amelia Earhart investigative forensic research and comparison analysis.



U.S.  Navy Rear Admiral, Ernest Eugene (Gene) Tissot Jr.

"I have carefully studied your presentation. Your conclusion that there were plural Irene Craigmile's has completely convinced me that this is indeed the case. You have also convinced me that one of them used to be Amelia Earhart. Incredible. You have quite an impressive package there. Keep charging - Gene."  From a note sent by retired U.S. Navy Rear Admiral, Ernest Eugene (Gene) Tissot Jr. to Tod Swindell. Tissot's father, Ernie Tissot was a friend of Amelia Earhart's who served as her head plane mechanic during her 1935 Hawaii to Oakland flight. Rear Admiral Tissot, a long time member of the Amelia Earhart Society of Researchers, was a key advisor for The Swindell Study.

About The Swindell Study
The twenty-year Swindell Study [1997-2017; copyright registrations: TXu 1-915-926 & TXu 2-061-539] consists of a long-term Investigative Research Evaluation and a Human Comparison Analysis orchestrated and compiled by Amelia Earhart Historian, Tod Swindell. The full Study consists of over ten-thousand pages of rare documents, analytical text, photographs, maps, charts, and past-obscured investigative research findings. The condensed MSS features 415 total pages; 110 of which contain logistical and visual elements drawn from the 'Amelia to Irene' Comparison Analysis. The Study elaborates on--and plainly exhibits Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence after World War Two with the new name of, 'Irene Craigmile.' (Surname of 'Bolam' added later.) It also examined the logic behind the reasoning that left the general public out of the loop of Amelia's ongoing existence with a different name. Simply put, Amelia Earhart was declared 'dead in absentia' in 1939, and the deliberate post-war intention, agreed to by the former Amelia Earhart herself, was for it to always remain that way. The full Study is available for review on a selective in-house basis. For information e-mail .


Part I
Digital Face Recognition
Note: Digital Face Recognition has been available for some time now. Before The Swindell Study it had never been applied to the decades-old, never resolved, Irene Craigmile (Bolam) as compared to Amelia Earhart controversy.



The below photo portrait of Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), who surfaced in the United States from out of nowhere after the end of World War Two, was taken of her in 1977. Constituents of the Smithsonian Institution's Air and Space Museum along with Amelia's survived family have long persuaded the public not to accept her as the former Amelia Earhart--even though that actually was who she used to be. Today, anyone who cares to deeply study the life history of the original Irene Craigmile, a once fledgling pilot Amelia knew in the 1930s--and later assumed the identity of--will solidly conclude this on his or her own.


Here, the following is a true statement: The 1997-2017 Swindell Study delivered the long repressed, Amelia became known as 'Irene' truth initially asserted by Joseph A. Gervais in the 1970s, to any further exist as an obvious reality.
Below is a 1932 newspaper featuring Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile in a group photo: 



The original Irene Craigmile is listed fifth line down.


Amelia Earhart (Putnam) is listed fourth line down.

Above, just a few months after her famous solo-Atlantic flight, Amelia Earhart, (outlined in white) appeared in a group photo with the original Irene Craigmile, (outlined in black) who was not yet a licensed pilot at the time--and whose husband had tragically died the previous year.
Digital Face Recognition combined with other key elements from The Swindell Study debunked the suggestion stating the post-war only Irene Craigmile (Bolam) was the original Irene Craigmile. [Read more about the original Irene Craigmile's trying 1930s years and Amelia's tie-in to her family further down.]

From The Swindell Study:


The post-war only 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)'
[She was not the original Irene Craigmile]


The post-war only 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)'
[See comparisons below.]

Directly below, the proudly-posed, wings-adorned, post-World War Two only 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' is shown in perfect alignment with her former self. Although the post-war only Irene had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart,' ever since the discovery was made in 1970, the general public has been persuaded not to accept such a truth. In recent years passed, though, The Swindell Study segued it to any further exist as an 'easy to recognize' forensic reality.


Amelia and her later-life self superimposed




From The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, this stark comparison example combines Amelia Earhart and her later-life self as the post-World War Two only, Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam). It displays what can only be described as 'an inarguable congruence.' Dating back to 1970, the first time the news media publicly questioned if Irene Craigmile (Bolam) was the former Amelia Earhart, oddly enough a comprehensive forensic analysis that compared her being to Amelia Earhart's never took place--until The Swindell Study commenced in 1997. After the Study was completed in 2017, a full head-to-toe physical match had been achieved between the post-World War Two only Irene and Amelia Earhart, and their character traits aligned as well. Where the original Irene Craigmile was shorter and looked nothing like Amelia Earhart, the realization of their sudden post-war sameness in every way defied astronomical odds. There, the question of who the enigmatic post-war only Irene used to be answered itself in no uncertain terms. 


Senator Hiram Bingham and Amelia Earhart


Amelia and the post-WWII Irene Craigmile (Bolam) combined.


Wings, pearls, so proudly posed... repeated from above is the image of the post-World War Two only Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam). The original Irene Craigmile (see below) who Amelia had known, would never have come close to assuming such a formal portrait stature.
It can be said that a person's eyes have been 'vision-washed' by misleading pages of history and other reality-dodging influences, if they look at the above photograph and do not reckon the former Amelia Earhart.

Below is Amelia's long-ago acquaintance, the original Irene Craigmile, shown in 1930 between her husband, Charles James Craigmile (who died the following year) and her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley. Her image is contrast enhanced underneath it.


©2017  The 1997-2017 Swindell Study

How Does Digital Face Recognition Work?


A Digital Face Recognition program grids-out specific details from a person's face template--such as distance between the eyes, shape of the chin, mouth placement and shape, nasal shape, etc. A face template in question is the 'origin face template' that is set to be compared to another face template. Basically, a Digital Face Recognition program is used to calculate the probability of a match between two separately provided face templates. It's akin to matching fingerprints--using faces instead.
Included in its long-term effort, The Swindell Study compared the face template grid of the post World War Two 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' to the face template grid of Amelia Earhart--and realized a match.



"Think different," indeed. The above right photo displays the post-war only Irene Craigmile Bolam combined with Amelia Earhart. The 'Irene' photo was taken in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia in 1976. Partially in view seated to Irene's right is Gertrude Kelley Hession, the sister of Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996), a later life good friend of the post-war only Irene's, AKA the former Amelia Earhart.
During the last decade of his life, Monsignor Kelley, shown in the below-right photo dining with the post-war only Irene, admitted to a few close friends of his--as well as to news reporter, Merrill Dean Magley, and to Amelia Earhart historian, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, that his later life friend, Irene, actually did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. He was scoffed at by those who felt it was impossible for Amelia Earhart to have survived after she went missing in 1937. A few individuals, including his own nephew, suggested 'old age senility' and a 'need for attention' caused him to outright fabricate what he claimed to know about Amelia's post-loss survival. Contrary to their rebuttals, Monsignor Kelley was well known among catholic-faith celebrities for his impeccable reputation. He had served as a president of Seton Hall College for many years before it became a University in the 1950s, and the close friends he confided in about his later life friend, 'Amelia' (that's how Kelley referred to her among them) stood by his virtuous nature. He was described as, 'quite lucid' when he told them about his "assignment" to receive Amelia back in the United States, and his having been, "instrumental in the process" of her name change to Irene.
The Swindell Study, that was the first to deeply compare Amelia to Irene, did not commence until 1997, a year after Monisgnor Kelley died, and its results made it easy to realize the Monsignor did not fabricate what he professed to know about Amelia's later life existence as, 'Irene.'
Below left, from a 1982 newspaper article that featured a reporter's question about his friend, Irene's long-rumored 'dual identity,' knowing the truth was not to be publicized in a broad way, Monsignor Kelley responded accordingly:



Above, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam
and Monsignor James Francis Kelley at dinner in 1978.  


Above: The full-photo version of Monsignor Kelley's sister, Gertrude (left) and the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam (right) in 1976. Notice the same pendant Irene wears here and in the black and white formal portrait sitting. Of course it's hard to recognize Irene's former-Amelia self without the composite photo, as her true age was 79 in 1976. Just the same, as shown below while acknowledging the age difference, the Digital Face Recognition elements aligned perfectly.


It's haunting, disturbing, and even sad in a way--to know Amelia's own sister, Muriel, knew Amelia as 'Irene' in her later life years, the very same Irene featured in all of the above comparisons. In line with her sister's wishes, Muriel agreed to never disclose such a thing even if she was directly confronted about it. Just the same it is the truth--and far be it from anyone not connected to how and why this reality came to be, to easily explain it to others. 


The Combined Study Results
The resulting data from the Digital Face Recognition grid comparisons and other physical and character trait comparisons--when combined with additional discovered, recognized, and processed evidence during the course of The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, delivered a plain to observe, truthful reality stating Amelia Earhart:
1.) Did not crash and sink into the ocean.
2.) Did not die approximate to the day she went missing.
3.) Was not executed as a spy or spy suspect.
4.) Did not die as a castaway on a desert island where her flesh was torn apart by giant crabs. (C'mon guys...)


"Truth is not a mystery -- its greatest secrets are yours to know through simple honesty and surrender to what that honesty reveals." John de Ruiter 


How the Digital Face Recognition 'Earhart reveal' initially began in 1970:


Above, after it was published in 1970, the best-selling controversial book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas--that was based on the decade-long investigative effort of Joseph A. Gervais--who asserted that Amelia Earhart continued to live well beyond the date of her disappearance with a different name applied to her person--ended up being derided by historians and critics alike. The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, however, focused on a key exhibit the Klaas' book featured and analyzed it in a forensic way that had never been done before. The 'key exhibit' was a clear, 35MM photograph of the post-World War Two only, 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.' (See below.)

Considering the 'Key Exhibit' The Swindell Study identified in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives:

First, some background info...


Above left photo: Irene and Guy in 1963
Above right photo: Guy and Irene in 1965,
from the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives.

The above-left newspaper photo featured Englishman, Guy Bolam, and his American wife, Irene. The photo was taken in 1963 while they were traveling abroad, something the two often did together. After they were married in 1958, Guy's executive position with Radio Luxembourg--that sported one of the most powerful broadcast towers in Europe and helped introduce the Beatles to listeners beyond the Iron Curtain--kept them on the go. When Guy died in 1970, Irene took over as president of the Radio Luxembourg division he had been in charge of.
Above-right is another photo of Guy and Irene taken in 1965 by retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais. This photo was featured in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. [Note: Prior to her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam, Irene's surname had been, 'Craigmile.']
The Swindell Study identified the 1965 photo to be the key exhibit featured in the book Amelia Earhart Lives--and it extensively analyzed the images and life histories of the individuals it featured. This had never been done in a sufficient way before, especially where the person of 'Irene' was concerned.
As it turned out--Digital Face Recognition determined there had been more than one person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' identity. This truth was backed by additional 'physical evidence' the Study uncovered, to include its realization that the Irene shown above next to her English husband, Guy Bolam, appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the end of World War Two. As well, the Study revealed how she not only demonstrated an exact facial congruence when compared to Amelia Earhart--but their full head-to-toe physical and character traits were in alignment as well. The comparative analysis section of The Swindell Study displays these realities in no uncertain terms.


Amelia Earhart, age 30 

Above and Below: Two Swindell Study samples of the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam) revealing her former self, Amelia Earhart.


Amelia Earhart, age 39 in 1937


Amelia & post-WWII Irene


Post-WWII Irene, 1965
Photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais

"Sometimes the most difficult thing to see is the most obvious thing." Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

 "A non-truth can sound like a fact to a person who's been conditioned to mis-recognize a truth." DaShanne Stokes

"It gets confusing when you've been academically conditioned to believe something--and then the sharpest facets of your mind show you it was never true." Tod Swindell




Above: Amelia's famous 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry, with Guy Bolam in 1965. The significance of this photo is explained in the following section.
A Head-to-Toe Comparison Example
Below, Amelia Earhart is shown with her pilot friends, Elinor Smith (middle) and Viola Gentry (right) in 1932, just after Amelia returned to the U.S. following her solo Atlantic crossing. Viola Gentry knew both Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s. Viola also knew Amelia during her post-war years after she became known as 'Irene.' Amelia's only sibling, her sister, Muriel, also knew her sister as 'Irene' in in her later life years. 


Amelia Earhart   Elinor Smith   Viola Gentry

Thirty-three years after Viola Gentry appeared with Amelia Earhart and Elinor Smith in the above photo, the photo of Viola Gentry seated next to Guy Bolam at the top of the page was taken in East Hampton of Long Island, New York, the day after Viola introduced Joseph A. Gervais to the post-war only Irene. The photo was provided by Irene's later-life friend, Diana Dawes, a former radio show host from Princeton, New Jersey. Before she died in 1998, Diana Dawes was well convinced that her friend, Irene, used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart,' and that the arrangement for her to replace the original Irene Craigmile had commenced toward the end of World War Two.

In a head-to-toe comparison, below is a 1965 photo of the post-war only Irene Craigmile Bolam taken on a bridge in Paris, aligning with her former Amelia self in 1932. A full length version of the photo featuring Amelia with Elinor Smith and Viola Gentry was used in the comparison. Her slight weight gain was noticeable both here and in the Joseph A. Gervais taken photo of she and Guy from the same year. While weight gain sometimes happens during the aging process, it's interesting how by the 1970s, having been recognized by Joe Gervais, she had trimmed back down.







Irene & Amelia, Elinor, and Viola


Above: In 1987, the aforementioned, Diana Dawes, a former Princeton, New Jersey radio show host and one of the post-war only Irene Craigmile Bolam's later-life friends, recalled some revealing anecdotes as newspapers around the country marked the 50th anniversary of Amelia Earhart's storied 'disappearance.' Ms. Dawes mentioned that 'on a high shelf in Irene Bolam's closet' she had noticed a uniform collection of "oversized leather-bound books with the letters 'AE' embossed on their spines." Notice in the above excerpt about the "christening dress," the former Amelia Earhart slips by referring to her long gone friend, the original Irene Craigmile, in a past-tense way.


Another excerpt from a 1987 newspaper article quoting Diana Dawes. No one seemed to pay much attention to the fact that almost twenty years after Joseph A. Gervais first shared his belief on a national news level--that stated the Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam who he met and photographed in 1965 was actually the former Amelia Earhart, the controversy over who she really was still existed then because his assertion was never disproved. Instead, by then United States 'official historians' had learned to embrace the practice of adroitly avoiding the controversy over who Irene Craigmile Bolam really was, or used to be.


No longer a decades-old rumor, The 1997-2017 Swindell Study left it undeniable that there had been more then one Twentieth Century person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile' identity--and how after World War Two the former Amelia Earhart became one of them.

Still adhering to the pre-established practice of Amelia's late sister, Grace Muriel Earhart Morrissey, (1899-1998) who knew her older sister, Amelia, as 'Irene' in her later life years, incredulously enough, Amelia's family and the Smithsonian Institution still choose to dogmatically revoke the truth to news media sources as part of an ongoing combined effort to divert the curious. This currently remains so, even though The 1997-2017 Swindell Study results proved Amelia Earhart's later life years as 'Irene' any further exists as an obvious reality.



Muriel's above quotes appeared in the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune a few months after Irene Craigmile Bolam's death was reported. In 1982, no one realized--and very few still do--that it was not the former Amelia Earhart, AKA the post-World War Two only 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam' whose death occurred then. [Note Irene Bolam's Memorial Dinner Program cover below the following paragraphs.]

"Of course I knew Irene. She was a sister Zonta." "There is practically no physical resemblance." Amelia's sister, (above left) Grace Muriel Earhart Morrissey responds to the suggestion of her later life Zonta International friend, Irene Craigmile Bolam, having actually been her still-living sister, Amelia, going by a different name.
In response to several 1970s and 1980s inquiries about her Zonta friend, Irene, when Muriel offered there was "practically no physical resemblance" between the two, Digital Face Recognition did not yet exist. It wasn't until after Muriel died in 1998 that The Swindell Study began showing how the faces of Amelia Earhart and the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam did match, to include by way of Digital Face Recognition testing--beyond the Study displaying their entire head-to-toe physical body and character traits in alignment as well. Not to leave out how the Study proved there was more than one Twentieth Century person attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity, and the former Amelia Earhart undeniably had been one of them.
In a roundabout way as well, it can be said The Swindell Study surfaced how Grace Muriel Earhart Morrissey served a key role in helping to protect her sister's later-life desire to continue leading a non-public figure life, even after Joseph A. Gervais recognized her for who she used to be.


Above, a "1970s" Irene Craigmile Bolam photo.


Above, Irene Craigmile Bolam in 1965.

Looking at the two above photos of Irene Craigmile Bolam, that history proclaimed to be 'one in the same' human being, it's not so hard to realize they were actually two different human beings attributed to the same 'Irene' identity. After the 'Irene' on the Memorial Dinner Program cover died in 1982, the above-right Irene (FKA 'Amelia') was no longer publicly identified that way and was said to have 'died in McClean, Virginia' the following decade.  Below, it is also not hard to see which one of the above two Irenes aligned with Amelia when compared. After The Swindell Study validated the reality of the 1965 Irene Craigmile Bolam appearing nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the end of World War Two, it forensically compared her person to Amelia Earhart's person--and delivered a haunting 'head-to-toe' congruence. Below once again are two key facial comparisons. The photos of Amelia and Irene in the top comparison were evaluated with Digital Face Recognition--and as mentioned--delivered a positive match. The one under it, while of lesser quality, displayed obvious-match results as well.


Amelia Earhart in 1937


Amelia & post-WWII Irene


Post-WWII Irene, 1965
Photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais


1965 Irene Craigmile Bolam
Photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais


1965 Irene & 1933 Amelia


Amelia, 1933


Tod Swindell
Amelia Earhart Historian

Some friendly advice to doubters of the comparison results: To recognize and accept things for what they truly are, sometimes we have to inconveniently roll up our mental sleeves in order to realize that they are not something else. With Amelia Earhart, reality and truth go hand in hand anymore. Any politician or news-media mogul with guts can pick up on this now. The problem is, today 'guts' appear to be lacking in politics and news reporting. No matter; for recognizing, accepting, and embracing what became of Amelia after she went missing in 1937, is a good way to experience how to overcome obfuscation in favor of acknowledging reality and truth. It's even enlightening. In an attempt to explain why this has remained undone with Earhart, the suggestion of 'Amelia Earhart disappearing without a trace and never being seen again' was repeated so often over the years that the public mindset evolved to accept it--even though it was never true. TS

Excerpt from an Associated Press article by Ron Staton:
"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." John Bolam refers to Tod Swindell's analysis of Amelia Earhart's disappearance and 'missing person' case in an Associated Press article by Ron Staton. After he came to know her in the 1960s, then following the 1970 release of the book, Amelia Earhart Lives that featured her photographed image (long before The 1997-2017 Swindell Study commenced) this same John Bolam, a brother of the post-World War Two Irene's English husband, Guy Bolam, never stopped suspecting that his sister-in-law actually did used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'

A New Jersey housewife?



Tod Swindell

"Five years into my Study, regarding the above Associated Press article lead-in, it's funny and telling as well how printed news sometimes works. The point being, I never told Ron Staton that I believed Amelia Earhart, ""survived a crash landing in the Marshall Islands, was captured by the Japanese and secretly repatriated, living as a New Jersey housewife."" Those were his words, not mine. While I believed there was something to Japan's temporary stewardship of Amelia Earhart, when Ron Staton asked me what I thought happened to Amelia, all I told him was I believed she somehow survived after she went missing and in time changed her name to Irene Craigmile. I never called her 'a New Jersey housewife,' nor did we discuss how Amelia might have ended up in Japan's care--or how she made it back to the United States." Tod Swindell

Note: By referring to herself as 'just a New Jersey housewife' back in 1970, the former Amelia Earhart smartly diminished the distinguished, world-travelling person she became in her later life years. She also enabled such a joke-like description of herself that news reporters continued to use ever since--whenever they would write about the long-ago assertion of Amelia's name-changed survival contained in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives. The Swindell Study left it easy to realize, just as her former brother in law, John Bolam once remarked, she was 'no ordinary housewife.' 

Admirals and Generals
"All the admirals and generals seemed to know her." LPGA  promoter, Peter Bussatti, comments about his good friend, the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam. Along with many others, Mr. Bussatti openly wondered if his friend, Irene, used to be known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' The following photo was used in the comparison below it: 


Above: The post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam, left, with Peter Bussati, right, 1974.


Above: On the far left is the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam; on the far right is her former self, Amelia Earhart; in the center the two images are combined. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""Sometimes I thought she was [the former Amelia Earhart], sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, "When I die you'll find out."" At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned that all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpt from a 1982 New Jersey News Tribune article.


Tod Swindell

"Recognizing the original Irene Craigmile's somewhat troubled 1930s years that included her very short stint as a pilot, it would have been unrealistic for her to later be welcomed as a member of the affluent New York Wings Club, let alone be distinguished like royalty there among her peers and high ranking U.S. military officers. Yet, important people who knew the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam as the former Amelia Earhart, and indeed the were a select few who did, (take the late Senator Barry Goldwater for instance) were always respectful of her desire for privacy within their common recognition of her heroic past." Tod Swindell

"Nothing is as invisible as the obvious." Richard Farson


Above, Amelia getting a pineapple carving lesson from legendary Hawaiian surfer and five time Olympic gold medalist, Duke Kahanamoku. She wears the same outfit in the comparison below.


Above: Irene/Amelia head, neck
& shoulders in perfect alignment




Above, once again it's hard to recognize her old 'Amelia self' here without a composite photo. John Bolam took this picture of his sister in law, the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile Bolam, near his home on Merritt Island, Florida. The day before, Irene had visited the NASA facility at nearby Cape Canaveral, AKA 'Cape Kennedy.' Note the same pendant she wears that is captured in other photos.
As far as the NASA mention goes, in a 1985 filmed interview with former Astronaut Wally Schirra, conducted by news reporter, Merril Dean Magley, Schirra verified that he first met the former Amelia Earhart at Cape Canaveral in the 1960s, and that he saw her there again in 1980, on a day when she was asked to recite a poem during a NASA presentation that featured both he and Neil Armstrong in attendance. When Dean Magley asked Wally Schirra how he knew the women he met used to be Amelia Earhart (?) Schirra replied, "people I considered reliable" had confided it to him. John Bolam mentioned he once noticed an impressive Saturn Rocket Program 'medallion' Irene wore during one of her visits to Merritt Island, adding that when he asked where she got it she replied, "some people at NASA" had given it to her. He did not press her to explain when or why people at NASA had given her such a unique adornment. 

"She was intelligent, articulate, and had a commanding presence. She knew a lot of important people including many high-ranking military officers, astronauts and flyers." "She was the epitome of a classy lady." 1997 quotes from an Amelia Earhart Society newsletter article about the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam. The article was written by her survived sister-in-law, Mrs. John Bolam, who deeply wondered if her sister-in-law, Irene, had previously been known as, "Amelia Earhart."


Astronaut Wally Schirra



In the 1980s, Astronaut Wally Schirra, one of the original seven NASA astronauts, discussed having 'met' the former Amelia Earhart at Cape Canaveral to reporter Merrill Dean Magley.


Amelia Earhart at age 17

Digital Face Recognition
For the first time ever, where multiple claims of Amelia Earhart's ongoing survival after she went missing kept coming into play, The Swindell Study utilized 'Digital Face Recognition' technology within a full-body and character traits human comparison analysis. In essence, this exercise advanced the missing person case of Amelia Earhart to closure by forensically revealing that her still-living body evidence--in its renamed form--was actually found and identified by Amelia Earhart 'world flight investigator,' Joseph A. Gervais, some fifty-odd years ago. 


Joseph A. Gervais

Recalling Major Joseph A. Gervias
(He didn't need Digital Face Recognition.)
The late Major Joseph A. Gervais was war hero and a highly skilled pilot who flew missions in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam. In 1959, he commenced with his 'Operation Earhart' endeavor while stationed overseas in the same region Amelia Earhart was last seen. After years of deeply investigating the combined factors that led to her failed world flight attempt, in the summer of 1965, he encountered the post-World War Two only 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam' at a New York gathering of pilots from the golden age of aviation. He was instantly struck by her resemblance to Amelia Earhart--and after meeting and talking to her it dawned on him that she was none other than the alive-and-well former Amelia Earhart going by a different name.  



Above left: February 5, 2000, retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais accepts an AES 'Historical Achievement Award' for his unparalleled investigative analysis of Amelia Earhart's failed world flight attempt. Shown presenting him the award is the Amelia Earhart Society's founding President, Bill Prymak. Mr. Prymak referred to Gervais as, "A World War Two flying hero widely recognized as the world's leading authority regarding the subject of Amelia Earhart's disappearance."
Above right photo: Among the attendees that day; top row left to right are Oakland Air and Space Museum director, Ronald Reuther; filmmaker and Amelia Earhart historian, Tod Swindell; and the post-World War Two only Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam's) in-laws, Mr. & Mrs. John Bolam. Bottom row left to right are Amelia Earhart world flight duplicator and author, Ann Holtgren Pellegreno; Amelia Earhart Lives author, Joe Klaas; and Joseph A. Gervais.
As mentioned, Joseph A. Gervais initiated 'Operation Earhart' in 1959 while he was stationed overseas. His findings sparked a curiosity resurgence in the never resolved 'missing person case' of Amelia Earhart, until 1965, when Gervais met--and recognized the post-World War Two only 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' as the renamed, former Amelia Earhart. To his dying day in 2005, he never disavowed having done such a thing.
Notwithstanding persistent rumors to the contrary,  Joseph A. Gervais was never proved incorrect




Preview of Part II


Within its detailed review of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance and subsequent 'missing person' case, The Swindell Study challenged the default 'Null Hypothesis' of her world flight ending--that suggested at some unknown time Amelia crashed into the Pacific Ocean at some unknown place--and sank. Citing new discovered evidence to the contrary--to go along with other evidence discovered by earlier investigators--the Study refortified the widely promoted conclusion from years past that stated a 'crashed and sank' ending never happened to Amelia Earhart.

Part II
Testing the Null Hypothesis in Relationship to Amelia Earhart's World Flight Outcome   By Tod Swindell
The 'null hypothesis' suggests a predicted outcome based on deductive reasoning to likely be a true outcome until evidence indicates otherwise.
For example, the 'null hypothesis' for flipping an equally balanced coin would call for 50% heads results and 50% tails results. Yet if the expected '50/50' ratio significantly differed after thousands of coin tosses, the 'alternate hypothesis' would come into play, one that might consider the shapes of each side of the coin having some kind of aerodynamic effect on the coin-toss results.
The 1997-2017 Swindell Study tested the validity of the 'null hypothesis' in comparison to the 'alternate hypothesis' while examining Amelia Earhart's storied disappearance. This was deemed appropriate where an overwhelming preponderence of both circumstantial and hard evidence kept surfacing ever since the event of Amelia's loss occurred--that opposed the 'null hypothesis' suggestion that offered Amelia 'crashed and sank' into the ocean at a time and place unknown.
The Study also determined how the 'mystery' of Amelia Earhart's disappearance was as much a mystery as it was a historical invention. Here's why: 


"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Washington leaving the true fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery..." 1982, aviation historians, Marylin Bender and Selig Altschul discuss the 1937 disappearance and subsequent missing person case of Amelia Earhart.

Dating back to 1937, questions about what actually happened to Amelia Earhart in July of that year, as Bender and Altschul put it, were greeted by 'official silence.' Part of the significant amount of evidential data, however, that kept managing to surface ever since the event of Amelia's disappearance occurred--revealed how President Franklin Roosevelt's administration was the original source of the 'official silence' that remained impossible to overchallenge as subsequent decades passed. 
Here--discovered four decades after it was recorded--is a passage from an official White House transcript dated May of 1938, nine months after Amelia Earhart went missing. In referring to Amelia's loss in the transcript, one of President Franklin Roosevelt's right hand men, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. described it this way:
"...what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public." 
Morgenthau's above statement was followed by the below reaction from his assistant, Stephen Gibbons, in the transcript. Both statements were recorded with others present during a meeting Morgenthau was holding at the White House:
"We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure. Terrible. It would be awful to make it public." 
These statements, when combined with addtional evidential data gathered over the years, defied the default null hypothesis that suggested Amelia Earhart met her demise by 'crashing and sinking' somewhere unknown.
A brief examination of the presented facts tells us why.
According to the presented facts:
1. When Amelia Earhart did not spot Howland Island, that her last officially recorded radio transmission left some people feeling she missed by as close as 100 miles, after stating a line of position that did not indicate where she actually was, without saying why she stopped transmitting completely.
2. After Amelia stopped transmitting, with an estimated 'eight-hundred miles worth of fuel' still left to burn, she supposedly flew-on in radio silence until her fuel supply was exhausted--leaving her to crash into the Pacific Ocean at unknown coordinates to meet her demise. [End of story.]
The above stated 'facts' mark the complete version of the 'null hypothesis' (or suggested ending) of Amelia Earhart's world flight attempt.
It is worth recognizing here, how beyond the persuasion of official silence no evidence ever supported the 'Amelia crashed into the ocean' null hypothesis. Her crashed and sank ending was something the public was merely left to surmise had happened. 
As well, evidential reports later surfaced stating Amelia did not stop sending radio transmissions. This included a document from an 0S-2 intelligence file, declassified decades later, showing how Amelia had transmitted her final decision to head "north" and she "continued to be heard at intervals" after doing so.
Add this to what the above White House transcript passages would suggest to any reader, plain and simple, where FDR's administration was aware of something 'awful' that happened to Amelia during the "last few minutes" of her flight--and it chose not to share it with the general public.
What was later learned about this internally expressed White House viewpoint from a variety of accounts, is that for a period of time the Roosevelt administration had incorrectly bought-in to a 'wireless transmissions' conveyance of Amelia Earhart's death occurring during a 'Plan B' landfall attempt--by way of her plane being shot-down as it approached Japan's Marshall Islands--that Japan was fortifying at the time. Note the more complete Morgenthau statement from the same transcript:
"...we have the report of all those wireless messages and everything else, what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public."
Accordingly, Earhart's plane being engaged and fired upon by fighter pilots was the 'awful to make public, last few minutes' relay of an ending the White House had mistakenly assessed for the famous pilot based on some information it had gathered--and chose not to share.  
It wasn't until after World War Two ended (see image below) that numerous Marshall Islands testimonials began to surface describing how Amelia Earhart and her navigator actually managed to ditch their plane on one of the Marshalls' southernmost atolls--and they were subsequently picked up and sequestered by Japan approximate to the same day the onset of the Sino-Japanese War occurred. [Earhart and Noonan were first reported 'missing' on July 2; the Marco Polo Bridge incident occurred on July 7, resulting in Japan's invasion of China--that the U.S. strongly opposed.]


Above, a 50th anniversary commemorative stamp series issued in 1987 by the Republic of the Marshall Islands shows Amelia's 1937 takeoff from Lae, New Guinea; her failure to spot Howland Island; her ditching in the lower Marshall Islands; Amelia, her plane, and her navigator, Noonan, being retreived by Japan's Imperial Navy.

Where the 'Marshall Islands ending' of Amelia's world flight was the consistent theme among countless testimonials given, (and remains part of the Marshall Islands own history today) Marshallese accounts pertaining to what became of Earhart and Noonan after they were picked up varied. It was about equal where people suggested they either died--or continued to live on.
Enhancing this in 1965, Admiral Chester Nimitz, the Naval Commander of the U.S. Pacific fleet during World War Two--who was put in charge of the Marshall Islands after the U.S. occupied it as the war wound down--divulged to CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner, that it ended up being, "known and documented in Washington" (and remained classified) that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan, "went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by Japan." Except even the admiral was unable to offer details on what became of the duo after that. 


Admiral Chester Nimitz
[Shared a 'withheld Earhart truth' with CBS's Fred Goerner in 1965.]

The above combined evidential data--to go along with so much more gathered over the years--outright defied the 'What happened to Amelia Earhart' null hypothesis. This is why the idea of Amelia Earhart continuing to exist after she was reported missing--and eventually managing to return to the United States with a preference for her future anonymity being co-endorsed by a post-war US-Japan collaboration, was never as far fetched as most people thought. Ultimately as well, it turned out to be true.

"Foudray calls the investigative research of Joe Gervais and Tod Swindell, ""Just the tip of the Iceberg."" "All the evidence all put together, I feel like she [Amelia] did survive. I think she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Lou Foudray, former caretaker of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum (see photo below) is quoted from interviews conducted by Lara Moritz of KMBC TV, Kansas City, and by The Topeka Kansas Capital-Journal's, Jan Biles.


Above, a 2016 photograph of Lou Foudray, Earhart historian and former caretaker of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum on the front porch of the home where Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison, Kansas.


Balloon Rides Anyone?


The above 'hot air balloon' newspaper photo features the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam. She was known, respected, and admired by people in high places worldwide, but those same people never talked about her much. This photo was taken in 1978, when the general public was being misled about her true past by important sounding, all be them 'protective' individuals. This same attitude continues to this day, foremost advanced through the news media by Dr. Tom Crouch and Dorothy Cochrane of the Smithsonian Institution out of respect for the ongoing wishes of Amelia's family. Not to leave out, the strong preference of the Smithsonian's owner [the U.S. Federal government] has always been for people to accept that Amelia Earhart somehow 'died' after she went missing toward the end of her 1937 world flight attempt, even though no authentic evidence of her death taking place then ever existed. In the meantime, wink-and-nod diversions such as the TIGHAR club and Nauticos group surfaced that steered public interest away from taking the idea of Amelia's continued survival with a new name--seriously.

Here, it is important to realize only hearsay ever suggested Amelia Earhart died approximate to when she went missing in 1937, in any way at all. This includes by crashing and sinking, dying a castaway's death on a desert Island, dying of dysentery on Saipan, or being executed by a rogue-Nippon military unit; the four most preveleant theories presented over the years that suggested the way Amelia may have died.

Anymore, however, as hard as it still is for some to believe, the plain truth is the gray-haired 'Irene Bolam' in the balloon basket above, shown with famous golfer, Kathy Whitworth, did used to be known as Amelia Earhart. The general public was just never supposed to know about it; hence leaving the official silence that all-but invented the so-called "mystery of Amelia Earhart's disappearance."  

The story about the once world-famous person known as 'Amelia Earhart,' who the Twentieth Century left behind in accordance with her own wishes, the wishes of her family, and the wishes of her country, evolved to become the strangest and most convoluted historical yarn ever conjured by modern mankind. Especially over the course of the last half-century, the effort of it managed to successfully influence the worldwide general public into thinking Amelia most likely 'died' after she went missing in 1937. As most elders recall, though, Amelia's death taking place back then felt like a false-truth push from the start.


The two books above, Daughter of the Sky, published in 1960, and especially The Search for Amelia Earhart, a best-seller published in 1966, were first to publicly detail accounts of Amelia's ongoing 'quiet' survival in Japan's care after she went missing in 1937. However, neither book was able to offer a solid answer to the question of what became of Amelia after being stewarded by Japan. Sadly, by the end of the Twentieth Century both books were all but forgotten.   


Lost Star
"My good friend, Randall Brink, provided my 1996 introduction to Joe Gervais, who Randall came to know as well as anyone in the 1980s and 1990s. Randall authored the landmark book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart issued in 1994 by the W.W. Norton Publishing House of New York and Bloomsbury Press of London. An international best seller those years ago, for anyone interested in the lead up to Amelia's 1937 world flight and its controversial outcroppings after she failed to reach Howland Island, this book is for you. Included in Lost Star, during his wrap up, Randall was sure to notate, ""One tantalizingly persistent account has Amelia supposedly returning to the U.S. and assuming a new identity."" Randall Brink wrote this sentence in his book twenty-four years after the general public had been persuaded to conclude there was no controversy over Irene Craigmile Bolam's true identity, as initiated by the former Amelia Earhart herself. Recall her later life friend, Monsigner James Francis Kelley's mention to Donald DeKoster, ""After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."" His comment ostensibly referred to what Amelia endured after she went missing, leading up to and then including the World War Two era. Can we blame her for coming to feel the way she did without knowing her reasons for it?" Tod Swindell 

The 1997-2017 SWINDELL STUDY:
1.) FORENSICALLY PROVED MORE THAN ONE TWENTIETH CENTURY WOMAN had been attributed to the SAME 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity.
2.) FORENSICALLY PROVED the Irene Craigmile Bolam who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965, as consistently displayed in hundreds of physical and character trait comparisons, ALIGNED WITH AMELIA EARHART IN EVERY WAY.
3.) FORENSICALLY PROVED the Irene Craigmile Bolam in the photo taken in 1965 by Joseph A. Gervais on the day he met her WAS NOT IDENTIFIABLE ANYWHERE AS 'IRENE' prior to the World War Two years. This is because, against the grain of official United States history that legally declared Amelia Earhart 'dead in absentia' in 1939, and contrary to upper echelon official history attitudes (that would rather not have to contend with the inconvenient reality of it) she most definitely had been, previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
4.) The Swindell Study over-challenged the null hypothesis that stated Amelia Earhart disappeared without a trace in 1937 and was never seen again. It did so by combining incontestable forensic research findings with incontestable forensic comparison results that exhibited Amelia Earhart alive and well known either as Irene Craigmile or Irene Bolam in the latter part of the Twentieth Century.
As a result of its above discovered realities, as hard as it still may be for so many to believe and accept, The 1997-2017 Swindell Study forensically confirmed Joseph A. Gervais was correct in 1970, when he asserted his belief that the Irene Craigmile Bolam in the 1965 35MM photograph he took, displayed directly below in full color, was not the original Irene Craigmile. RATHER, she actually was the former Amelia Earhart, just as he had professed the last forty-years of his life.


The post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam, AKA "the former Amelia Earhart" as photographed by USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (Ret.) August 8, 1965.


Amelia Earhart 


Irene-Amelia superimposed


Below: The Plural Irenes


Below are the three different Twentieth Century women who were all attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity. The far left column photos of the original Irene Craigmile date from 1930 to 1933. In the middle column, the top photo was identified by her 1934 born son as his mother, 'Irene Craigmile' in a written statement featured in The Swindell Study. He estimated the photo was taken "around 1940." (Note: She was actually his surrogate mother. She is also a human wild-card; to date no one is certain who she really was or where she came from. Her older image adorned the cover of Irene Bolam's 1982 Memorial Dinner program, leaving one to wonder which Irene died in 1982; the one identified by her son, or the one who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965?) The far right column photos are dated '1946' and '1965.' The 1946 image depicts the earliest known photo displaying the former Amelia Earhart in the United States newly re-identified as 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two.


Above, Amelia's long-ago acquaintance, the original Irene Craigmile (1932-1933) next to one of the plane's she learned to fly in.


The original Irene Craigmile in 1930 between her husband and father. Below, contrast enhanced.
©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'



The second, 'early 1940s' Irene Craigmile ID'd by her son.
©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above, a "1970s" dated photo of the Irene Craigmile Bolam identified by her son, adorning the cover of her Memorial Dinner program. Below the younger and older versions from above are superimposed, displaying one in the same human being. She was not the same Irene Craigmile Bolam who Joseph A. Gervais met and photographed in 1965, even though according to history she should have been:


©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above: The third post-war 'new' Irene Craigmile in 1946. Below, the same photo combined with an Amelia photo.


©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Above, the 1965 Joe Gervais photo of Irene Craigmile Bolam. Below, superimposed with an Amelia photo. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'



Below: The 'plurality quandary' of Amelia Earhart's 1930s acquaintance, the original Irene Craigmile, whose name Amelia acquiesced for her own later-life use.


More to the story: Again above is an old newspaper photo of the original Irene Craigmile in 1930, shown between her then husband, Charles J. Craigmile, and her father, R. J. O'Crowley. In 1931, a year after this photo was taken, Charles Craigmile died after his appendix burst. He was forty-two years old at the time. His newly widowed wife, the original Irene Craigmile, was only twenty-six.
Below is a 1934 photo of the original Irene Craigmile with her new son, Clarence, who she conceived out of wedlock in 1933. She eloped to marry to the father of her child, one Alvin Heller, in order to legitimize his birth. Their 'shotgun wedding' quickly failed though--and was annulled as well after it became known Al Heller was still legally married to another woman when he eloped with the original Irene. The annulment reverted the original Irene's surname back to 'Craigmile.' However, their son, Clarence, maintained the 'Heller' surname listed on his birth certificate.
Approximate to all of this happening in the mid-late 1930s, the original Irene Craigmile no longer appeared in plain view--and in due time any and all clear photo evidence of her person was removed from circulation.


Above: The original Irene Craigmile in 1934 with her son, Clarence
Note: The original Irene Craigmile's son and only child was Clarence 'Larry' Heller. In 2006 and again in 2014, Larry Heller positively identified a different person to have been his mother than the post-World War Two only Irene Craigmile (Bolam). As it turned out, the woman Mr. Heller recognized as his mother, shown directly below, was actually his adoptive mother. (He was not strongly imprinted with his biological mother, the original Irene Craigmile.) To this day, resulting from an arrangement contrived several decades ago, the general public remains unaware of what happened to the original Irene Craigmile, whose left over identity ended up being shared by Larry Heller's adoptive surrogate mother and the former Amelia Earhart. 'Hard to believe, but true. 


Son ID'd Irene Craigmile, 1940
As mentioned, in 2006 and again in 2014, the original Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son, Clarence 'Larry' Heller, positively identified the person in the above photograph to have been his 'mother' as she looked "around 1940." Digital Face Recognition concluded this Irene Craigmile and the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam), displayed below, were not the same human being, although according to history, they should have been.    


Post-WWII only Irene Craigmile (Bolam), 1946
[Note face template comparison below.]


Post-WWII only Irene Craigmile (Bolam), 1965
[Face template matched Amelia via Digital Face Recognition.]


Above: Amelia Earhart with her 1930s flight trainer, Paul Mantz.


Amelia Earhart


...dissolves into...


Amelia & the post-war only,
Irene Craigmile

Above, Amelia's face template is superimposed with her post-World War Two image in 1946. This comparison sample from The Swindell Study used the earliest dated photo displaying Amelia's person re-identified as 'Irene Craigmile.' At the time it was taken she had recently been ensconced as a new employee of the People's Bank of Mineola, Long Island. Twelve years later, in 1958, she left the banking industry to marry Englishman and Radio Luxembourg executive, Guy Bolam. For several decades the public has been encouraged by the Smithsonian, the National Geographic Society, opposing theorists, and certain members of Amelia's own family not to believe this obvious reality. Recall here, how decades passed before the post-war, Charles Lindbergh alias of 'Careu Kent' was finally verified in 2004. The Swindell Study results combined with Digital Face Recognition technology proved how a person's eyes do not deceive them--where Amelia's post-war alias of 'Irene' was ever in question. 


Irene Craigmile in 1940, as verified
in 2014 by her son, Larry Heller.


Post-war only Irene Craigmile
in 1946, not recognized by her son.


As mentioned, the above photograph marks the earliest dated picture in circulation (1946) of the former Amelia Earhart.


Above, the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam)

"I had a career as a pilot once, Major, but I gave all that up years ago." 1965 quote from the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), FKA 'Amelia Earhart' as spoken to Major Joseph A. Gervais, USAF (Ret.) Above photo taken in Jamaica in 1976. (Courtesy of the Diana Dawes collection.)

"Amelia Earhart had been acquainted with the original Irene Craigmile in the 1930s. It was the original Irene Craigmile's name Amelia ended up using for herself in her later-life years. This long-ignored reality--that the forensic analysis delivered to an obvious state--was first discovered in the 1960s by a reputable war hero by the name of Joseph A. Gervais, only to be shouted-down ever since." Tod Swindell

"Though sometimes ridiculed by those unaware of how deeply he had investigated Irene Craigmile's past, Joseph A. Gervais was right all along. From a forensic research and human comparison standpoint, it is now recognized to be true that there had been more than one person attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity, and the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam most certainly was, previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Anymore the so-called 'Earhart mystery' has to do with when, where, how, and why this came to be." Tod Swindell, 2019

Below find journalist, Rosalea Barker's take on the wide variety of conflicting investigations that looked into Amelia Earhart's disappearance over the years in comparison to the new millennium collaboration of Joseph A. Gervais and Tod Swindell:
"I felt like I was trying to separate black sheep from white in a computer game that kept randomly changing the colour of sheep. Just when I thought all of the facts had been marshalled in support of one Earhart theory, those same facts would be marshalled in support of another, completely opposite one. I attended the Western Air and Space Museum's 'Amelia Earhart Seminar' because I'd seen the list of presenters and it was, I thought, a goldmine of people who would be able to help my research into the Pacific Theatre during the Second World War--radio operators, retired Navy captains, combat fighter pilots. But such is the seductive power of the intrigue surrounding Earhart's disappearance, that by lunchtime on Saturday I was as hooked as journalist, Joe Klaas was in 1967 when he met retired US Air Force Major Joe Gervais, that led to him writing a book called, Amelia Earhart Lives! The book not only focused on years of investigative research conducted by Joe Gervais, but on his insistence that a woman he met in New York in 1965, Irene Bolam, used to be Amelia Earhart. And after watching some video and looking at the manuscript of another researcher, Tod Swindell, who consulted with and studied the methods of experts to compare IB and AE physically--I think Joe Gervais was right." New Zealand Stateside journalist, Rosalea Barker, commenting on an Amelia Earhart research symposium she attended at the Oakland, California Western Air and Space Museum. 


USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck in 1944 

"Special recognition goes to Tod Swindell, who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam and Amelia Earhart to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), reprinted from his book, Amelia Earhart Survived.


Tod Swindell and Joseph A. Gervais in 2002


1965 Gervais photo of Guy and Irene

In Brief:
The (Subdued) Historical Importance of Joseph A. Gervais
By Tod Swindell
When I first came to know Major Joseph A. Gervais in 1996, the renowned Amelia Earhart world-flight investigator whose trusty 35MM camera clicked the 1965 photo of Guy and Irene, I was surprised to learn a forensic comparison analysis of Irene's and Amelia's physical beings, character traits, and full life histories had never been done before. So I consulted with experts and set out to orchestrate one. As my Study progressed, beyond confirming that Amelia Earhart had known the original Irene Craigmile, it additionally revealed how the once world-famous pilot was actually closer to the original Irene's aunt, a New York attorney she knew through the international Zonta organization for professional women they both belonged to. It was through this friendship that Amelia met and came to know the original Irene Craigmile, a once fledgling pilot who never really flew much--and never belonged to the Zontas or the 99's as Amelia did.
The complete analysis made it clear: The post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam), who Major Gervais met and photographed in 1965, was not the original Irene Craigmile. Instead, at some point, perhaps during the late stages of the war, the original Irene Craigmile's identity was made available for Amelia to henceforth use... and to this day the general public remains unaware of what became of the original Irene Craigmile.
Retired USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais, was first to discover and reveal this historical reality. The reason so many people never heard of him is because his solving of the missing person case of Amelia Earhart by way of producing her body evidence in the form of the post-war Irene Craigmile Bolam, was categorically subdued after Gervais went public with his discovery in 1970--by the former Amelia Earhart herself, her sister, Muriel, and general 'official silence' toward the matter. It remained that way from that point on, until Gervais and myself joined forces to deliver clarity to it all.

Not only was there a head-to-toe, tear-duct to tear-duct physical match, but all character traits aligned as well; handwriting, voice, friends, associates, associations, etc.


'Amelia Became Irene'


By Tod Swindell


Head to toe, shoulder to shoulder; older to younger, younger to older,

they proved to be a perfect match to unlock a long ago, strong-cover latch.

Irene used to be Amelia or Amelia became Irene,

'twas never a false truth, nor a diabolical scheme.

Most turned a blind eye and went looking for her plane,

although such tomfoolery was always inane.

Others bet wages on decoys--showing how naive they could be,

while Amelia stared back averring to all,

"I did not sink in the sea!"



Above: Amelia Earhart's younger and older selves combined stare back at the viewer. This is a true reality. Even so, the vast majority of people who heard about the Irene-Amelia controversy always found it hard to fathom the idea of Amelia quietly living-on--and then adapting a preference for future anonymity. This is because at some point in decades past they became convinced by numerous persuasions (see the 'Wikipedia' example below) to accept that Amelia's ongoing existence well after she went missing was not true. Today, anyone genuinely concerned about this might take heart in knowing there is nothing more real than the truth, and by now it has grown to exist as a plain truth beyond all persuasions, that Amelia Earhart did quietly live-on after she went missing... and in time changed her name to Irene.

Dr. Alex Mandel

In 2007, not long after Tod Swindell and some of his ongoing study results appeared on a National Geographic Channel special about Amelia Earhart, information about it was incorrectly conveyed through Wikipedia by a malcontent individual, one 'Dr. Alex Mandel.' Dr. Mandel, a self-described "Amelia Earhart fanatic" created a misleading 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page. His page contended the assertion of Amelia Earhart continuing to live-on before changing her name to 'Irene' in pursuit of future privacy--was proved false by a detective that had been hired by the National Geographic Society. This led to other 'malcontents' jumping on to his false-reality bandwagon. True reality, however, shows the assertion was never proved false. In fact, the detective Dr. Mandel referenced by name, Kevin Richlin, will verify to anyone he did not 'prove' the assertion false. As well, since the National Geographic Channel aired its Amelia Earhart special those years ago, the truth of Amelia's post-loss survival and name-change to 'Irene' continued to grow to a point where anymore it exists as an obvious reality. To further edify this revelation for yourself, continue to review the volumes of information and comparison results pulled from The 1997-2017 Swindell Study on display in ...while comprehending it is all quite real.


Amy Kleppner (above) is a philosopher, writer, teacher, adventurer, and Amelia Earhart's niece. Even though the truth of her famous aunt living beyond World War Two as 'Irene' is now obvious, Amy chooses not to forsake her tradition of denying it just as her mother, Muriel, did before her. The Smithsonian's respect for Amy's preference to 'offer no credence' to the Amelia became known as Irene truth prevents the public from embracing the reality of it. 


A Veritable Punch In The Gut
 By Tod Swindell
Over the years so many great books featuring stories about Amelia Earhart--or specifically focusing on her person have been published. This includes the great new Keith O'Brien book, Fly Girls (shown above) issued in 2019.
The automatic Amelia Earhart go-to biographies from the past are those authored by Mary S. Lovell, Doris Rich, and Susan Butler. Susan Ware's Still Missing: Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism best portrays the enormous impact and immeasurable influence Amelia Earhart's persona had--not only on American pop-culture--but globally as well.
All past Amelia Earhart biographies, of course, ended the story of Amelia's life on July 2, 1937, the date she failed to report to Howland Island while nearing the end of her world-flight journey. To the millions by now who have read and thoroughly digested them, it marks a veritable punch in their common gut to stoically advance in a believable manner--that the complete history of Amelia Earhart's full life story each book presented--ended decades before the physical body that housed Amelia Earhart's being actually ceased to exist.
This is why, in a way, it is a true statement to say the Amelia Earhart who the world knew and loved so well did leave forever on July 2, 1937. For the person she became after she went missing featured some readjusted core values that left her feeling different about things in general throughout the remainder of her days. This most definitely included her own recognized reality of no longer wanting to be a famous, public-life person due to her own thought processing.
Books that deeply researched and focused on the so-called 'mystery' of Amelia Earhart's 1937 'disappearance' put out by reputable publishers dating back to the 1960s, foremost include Fred Goerner's, The Search For Amelia Earhart (1966), the Joe Klaas book, Amelia Earhart Lives (1970), the Vincent Loomis book, Amelia Earhart: The Final Story (1985), and Randall Brink's, Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart (1994). Among them, the 1970 Klaas book and the 1994 Brink book were the only ones to seriously present the possibility of Amelia's ongoing existence well beyond the World War Two era--with a different name applied to her person.
At the onset of researching his book in 1980, Randall Brink personally interviewed the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam) twice, leaving him to later describe in his book the assertion of her having been the living, former Amelia Earhart as a "tantalizingly persistent account." After Randall Brink reviewed key portions of The 1997-2017 Swindell Study results, he ultimately drew his alternate hypothesis conclusion, agreeing that the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam and Amelia Earhart could only have existed as one in the same life-long human being.


The Story Continues
Eighty-two years ago, Amelia Earhart was declared "missing." Fifty years ago, in 1969, the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, one of the largest and most reputable publishers in the world, green-lighted the book, Amelia Earhart Lives to be issued. The book was based on ten-years of investigative research conducted by one Joseph A. Gervais--who concluded Amelia Earhart quietly survived after she was declared missing and that she was alive and well in the United States then, going by a different name. His claim was taken seriously until the enigmatic woman who he asserted to be the 'former' Amelia Earhart refuted it. After that, within weeks the book was being called a 'hoax' and was removed from the marketplace. However, the woman in question, the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), never proved she was not the former Amelia Earhart--and as displayed in the Study, Joseph A. Gervais' postulation about Amelia Earhart's continued existence as a renamed person was not off the mark.


Above, from The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, this story appeared in the Asbury Park Evening Press on July 24, 1974, a date that marked Amelia Earhart's 77th birthday. The public was largely unaware that the question concerning the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam's true past still remained unanswered--four years after the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives asserted her to be the former Amelia Earhart. By then the story about her had become buried by other headline dominating controversies--such as the 1971 Pentagon Papers leak and the Watergate Scandal. Three weeks after the above article ran, President Richard Nixon resigned due to his Watergate connection. Nine months later, in 1975, the fall of Saigon took place thus ending the Vietnam War--that the Pantagon Papers had revealed to be 'non-winnable.' Soon after that, as her defamation lawsuit closed out its fifth year, few people were aware that the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam had been asked to submit her fingerprints to positively prove her identity. She refused to do so and optioned to settle her case against Amelia Earhart Lives author, Joe Klaas, and investigative researcher, Joseph A. Gervais, for a mutual consideration amount of $10.00 ...that she paid to them and they paid to her. The book's publisher, McGraw-Hill, was ordered to pay her $60,000 for what her attorney called "reputation damaging allegations" Amelia Earhart Lives contained but provided no evidence to support. Among them, it inferred she was a potential 'bigamist' who may have been a 'traitor to her country.' She flat out denied both insinuations, but the bottom line, however, after all was said and done, was that she never proved she was not the former Amelia Earhart, and as The Swindell Study results display, 'Amelia Earhart' most definitely had been the previous name of the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile Bolam.


Next: How history initially viewed Amelia Earhart's missing person case and then quickly gave up on it.


Here's a brief look at how United States history managed to swiftly close the book on Amelia Earhart's 'missing person case':

With no evidence to substantiate it, ever since the pre-World War Two era the general public was encouraged to accept that Amelia Earhart died, "on or around July 2, 1937," the date she was reported 'missing' amid odd circumstances. Then in January of 1939, a year and a half after she went missing, Amelia Earhart was legally declared "dead in absentia" thus closing the book on her missing person case. Yet in subsequent decades much telling information was gathered that pointed to a rush to judgment that left behind a miscalculated conclusion.



After Amelia's Missing Person Case Was Prematurely Closed:
In the decades that followed Amelia Earhart being declared "dead in absentia," a variety of conflicting reports attempted to explain what really happened to her: "She was captured and executed," "She died in a foreign prison," "She crashed her plane into the ocean," and "She died a castaway's death on a desert island," became the most promoted ideas among them. Contrarily, any suggestions that presented the possibility of Amelia continuing to live-on were swiftly dismissed. That is, until The 1997-2017 Swindell Study results presented the first comprehensive analysis to clearly exhibit Amelia Earhart's continued existence well beyond 1937, with a different name applied to her person.

On the subject of the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), (shown in another comparison below) since 1970, scholars kept asking a lingering, unanswered question about this highly respected, all be her 'enigmatic' woman. The Swindell Study learned how after World War Two she emerged from nowhere to begin working as a respected figure in the New York banking industry, and to acquaintances she sometimes described herself as a 'former pilot' who 'used to know' Amelia Earhart. Anymore, however, by virtue of the Study, the reality of her past is now clearly observable in a forensic way... and there is no going back.

Tear-Duct To Tear-Duct




Above: Top row Amelia's eyes; Second row Irene's eyes; Third row superimposed in perfect alignment.

©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'

Handwriting Comparison Intro
Below find two exhibits from the handwriting portion of the study. The first one features a 1967 sample of the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam's) cursive handwriting compared to Amelia Earhart's own cursive, "Amelia M Earhart" High School signature.
Notice here as well, the post-war Irene's use of non-denial 'denial' language within her reply letter to Joseph A. Gervais, who two years after they met each other had written to inquire if she was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' They day they met in 1965--at a gathering of pilots from the 'golden age' of aviation--is when retired Air Force Major, Joseph A. Gervais, a formidable pilot himself, first began to suspect the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam) to be the living, former Amelia Earhart--who had somehow 'privately survived and assumed a new identity' after she was declared 'missing.'
In her present-tense rebuttal here, the post-war Irene refers Joseph A. Gervais to two long time pilot friends of hers, Viola Gentry and Elmo Pickerill, by writing:    

"...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."


Note Amelia's own "Amelia M Earhart" signature from a form she filled out in high school added to the document. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study.'


Left side above: Post-war Irene Craigmile (Bolam) cursive letter samples; Right side above: Amelia Earhart cursive letter samples. ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'

In consideration of some opinions expressed about the Irene-Amelia controversy...


Tod Swindell

"It did become evident that Amelia's family, the original Irene Craigmile's family, and the Smithsonian Institution did not like what I had done. The study I conducted revealed how this five-decades-old, never proved-false claim was true all along--in lieu of common influences that left people believing it wasn't true ever since 1970, when the 'claim' of Amelia's quiet survival and name-change to 'Irene' first made national headlines. The problem remained though, that no one ever proved it wasn't true because it wasn't possible. Now it is clear that Amelia did live-on after she went missing and later became known as 'Irene,' and that there was more than one person attributed to the same 'Irene' identity. Although the general public still finds it difficult to accept this truth, where the study results made it so obvious, it is time for history to address the reality of it as pragmatically as possible." Tod Swindell, 2019


Dr. Tom Crouch
The Smithsonina's Dr. Tom Crouch always has--and continues to this day--to influence news media sources not to pay attention to the Amelia became Irene truth, even though by now it has evolved to exist as an obvious reality. It is time for Dr. Crouch and his constituents to get real about this.


Dorothy Cochrane
Oddly professing to know what Amelia's own preference would be, the Smithsonian's Dorothy Cochrane as well refuses to endorse the now obvious reality of the post-World War Two 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' having been previously known as, Amelia Earhart.  


Amelia, age thirty-one



Above Center: Again from The 1997-2017 Swindell Study, Amelia Earhart at age thirty-one and a 1970 photo of the post-World War Two 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' digitally superimposed. 


"The girl in brown who walks alone."
One-line description of Amelia Earhart from her senior high school yearbook.
Below: Two 1976 photos of the former Amelia Earhart signing autographs after reading some of her poetry at a Zonta function held in Detroit, Michigan. When she was known as 'Amelia' she was much appreciated for her poetry. Amelia was also the Zonta's most famous member in the 1930s. The original Irene Craigmile was never a Zonta member, but her attorney aunt, Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, who Amelia knew well, had been a charter Zonta member and one of its chapter presidents. No doubt attorney Irene was keenly instrumental with Amelia's World War Two era conversion that left her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile.' [Photos courtesy of pilot-author, Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, who attended the event that day.]



In the above-left photo, the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam), AKA 'the former Amelia Earhart' shown in the center dressed in brown and adorning her trademark pendant, signs autographs for some of the attendees. In the above right photo, the former Amelia Earhart's face-profile is to the far left. Below: Amelia Earhart's former and later-life face profiles are superimposed using the upper-right photo.


Of note, there is little doubt Amelia had some post-loss surgical work done that slightly altered her visage. The now late, Dr. Walter S. Birkby, a well-recognized Forensic Anthropologist in his time who served as a consultant and advisor for Tod Swindell, determined she might have endured a 'deviated septum rhinoplasty' procedure and possibly some 'skin tucking' that slightly furrowed her brow. Even back then these would not have been extensive or dangerous procedures, but along with her older-age fashion and hair style changes they made it more difficult for people to recognize her once famous image. Joseph A. Gervais still did manage to recognize her though, when he encountered her face-to-face in 1965 at an 'Early Birds of Aviation' luncheon in New York, thus placing him on a treadmill of truth-seeking to learn why Amelia ultimately changed her name--that he remained on to his dying day in 2005.



Above left, five years before she became famous, Amelia Earhart took a 'Carmen Sandiego-like' selfie by pointing her camera into a mirror. Above right, from The Swindell Study she's digitally superimposed with her later-life self.

The comparison analysis contained in The 1997-2017 Swindell Study displayed how the post-World War Two 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.' However, as of this writing constituents of the Smithsonian Institution--along with the families of Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile have yet to endorse this truth--even though it now stands out as an obvious reality. It seems their common preference is for the general public to ignore the reality of Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence with a different name--in favor of always believing and accepting that Amelia 'must have died somehow' approximate to when she became a 'missing person' in 1937.

Next: More On The Original 'Irene Craigmile,' Who Amelia Earhart Was Acquainted With In The 1930s


Above: An old newspaper photo of the original Irene Craigmile. As part of a thoroughly arranged effort to enable Amelia Earhart's post-loss name change, The Swindell Study discovered how clear photos of the original Irene Craigmile were expunged at some point, leaving them to no longer be evident in the public realm. So much enabled the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam) to not be indentified in photos of Irene Craigmile prior to the mid-1940s, since she did not exist as Irene Craigmile before then. [This is a true statement solidly edified within The Swindell Study results]


"The above photo appeared in the September 1, 1932 edition of the Akron Beacon Journal. Amelia Earhart is outlined in white and the original Irene Craigmile is outlined in black. (The original Irene's husband of three years, Charles Craigmile, tragically died the year before.) The newspaper image quality is very poor, especially of the original Irene Craigmile who is fully shaded between pilots Viola Gentry (a past good friend of Amelia's) and Edith Foltz. The original Irene Craigmile was not yet a licensed pilot at the time this photo was taken. As soon as she became a licensed pilot in mid-1933, she realized she was pregnant out of wedlock, gave birth to her child in 1934, and barely flew again until her pilot's license lapsed in 1937." Tod Swindell



Above, as depicted in the title of Monica Kulling's 1996 book, at the time it was published pop culture had long-been conditioned to consider that Amelia Earhart 'vanished without a trace' in 1937, even though such a thing never really happened.


Tod Swindell

"Amelia Earhart did not 'vanish' as so often described. (People do not actually do that.) Rather, after she went missing--having been thrust into a situation that no doubt featured some trying circumstances--she continued to exist away from the public eye. Then during the World War Two era, after developing a yen for ongoing privacy in her future years, she took the name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers, Irene Craigmile, after it was made available to her. Some twenty-years later she was discovered living as 'Irene' in New York. Five-years after that, in 1970, she was called-out for who she used to be against her will. So much engaged her ever-commanding presence to publicly decry the reality of her past--and everyone believed her." Tod Swindell 


"Over the nine years spanning her first and last transoceanic flights, Amelia Earhart became one of the most famous women in the world. The private Amelia disliked that fame intensely." Earhart author-historian, Doris Rich
"After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a later life close friend of the former Amelia Earhart


Some History To Consider


A Brief Look At Amelia Earhart's Nine Years Of Fame

In 1928, at the the age of thirty, Amelia Earhart suddenly found herself famous for becoming the first woman to fly in an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean. Four years later, she became the first woman to solo a plane across the Atlantic and only the second person since Charles Lindbergh. As a result, for the next five years she was one of the most famous women in the world--until she suddenly became a missing person on the opposite side of the globe. Here are a few observations about her rise to fame--and the viewpoint she maintained about being famous: 

"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous." A quote from Jackie Cochran, talking about her 1930s friend, Amelia Earhart

"The private Amelia hated that fame intensely."Author-historian, Doris Rich describes how Amelia Earhart felt about being world famous.

"She drifted into adulthood with only vague ideas of her future. When she did become famous, she didn't like it much." "People expected Earhart to spend her life speaking out, teaching, and flying for adventure and joy. But then she mysteriously vanished--and so became a legend." Quotes from author-historian, Adam Woog on Amelia Earhart

"In 1937, Amelia Earhart announced that her world flight would be her 'last great flight.' She also said she would no longer be 'flying for records,' and she told reporters that Jackie Cochran was the new woman pilot they should start paying attention to. A few months later, Amelia went missing. A year and a half after that she was declared 'dead in absentia.' Nine months after that, in September of 1939, Germany invaded Poland to begin World War Two, leaving most of the curiosity toward what happened to Amelia Earhart lost in the following war-time shuffle. That is until 1959, when the private investigation dubbed, "Operation Earhart" by USAF Captains Joseph A. Gervais and Bob Dinger commenced in the region Amelia went missing--in an effort to determine what really happened to her. Six years later, in 1965, Joseph A. Gervais met the post-World War Two only 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' face-to-face at a lunch gathering of prominent pilots from the Golden Age of Aviation--and he recognized her as the former Amelia Earhart. Five years later, he went public with his 'Operation Earhart' conclusion within the context of the book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. After that, although endlessly subjected to naysayers and ridicule, Joseph A. Gervais never denied having met the former Amelia Earhart in 1965--all the way to his dying day in 2005. This is because he was certain about it, where he had studied Amelia's missing person case and her later existence as 'Irene' enough to fully understand and accept that he knew what he knew." Tod Swindell

Greta Garbo: A  Prime Example Of One Individual's 'Psyche' No Longer Wanting To Be Recognized As A 'World Famous' Person:
"I never said, ""I want to be alone."" What I did say was, ""I want to be left alone."" The words of Greta Garbo.  [Note: At age 36 in 1941, Greta Garbo chose to abandon her superstar motion picture career in Hollywood. She never returned to it, opting to live in relative obscurity for the remainder of her days.] 



Above left: Greta Garbo at the height of her fame in the mid-1930s. Above right: By the 1960s, nary a soul recognized her anymore when she resided in New York City's upper east side--and she preferred it that way.


Tod Swindell

"Amelia Earhart was 39 when she went missing in 1937, and while later continuing on with her quiet existence she outdid Greta Garbo in her quest to further live a non-public life. As the former Amelia Earhart grew to old age she continued to write poetry and to study philosophy, most particularly the writings of Carl Jung. It clearly is time for the world public to finally know the full value of Amelia Earhart's complete life story. She was not without her faults, but she was truly an amazing individual human being in both her younger and older forms." Tod Swindell

"The only reason people had a hard time taking the 'Amelia became known as Irene' truth seriously in years past was because they were told not to by 'important sounding' individuals. National press circuit figureheads were clearly subjected to this same directive. In contrast, had people been encouraged to take it seriously as they should have been, this now observable reality would have been verified and rationally understood decades ago." Tod Swindell

"Some have tried--and still do try to claim otherwise--but the truth is Amelia Earhart was an excellent, highly skilled pilot. So too was her world-flight navigator, Fred Noonan, listed among the best air-over-ocean navigators in the world in the 1930s. Fred Noonan was a pilot as well, and he and Amelia were both excellent radio operators. These formidable 'plane piloting attributes' of theirs were often dismissed or misconstrued to the negative after their disappearance. In their given time period, however, both Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan proved themselves as top-level aviators when it came to every aspect of piloting an aircraft. They were not deficient in any way." Tod Swindell
"Tod Swindell's study comprehensively analyzed the most significant findings accumulated on Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight ending over the years, dating back to the time the event occurred. It also culminated with a conclusion achieved by forensically comparing Amelia Earhart to the enigmatic, Irene Craigmile (Bolam), whose same identity, as his analysis discovered and revealed, had been attributed to three different Twentieth Century women--and the former Amelia Earhart was one of them." Ronald Reuther, former head of the Oakland Air and Space Museum.

From The Contra Costa Times
"Tod Swindell told the audience Saturday, ""The executive branch of the government was aware of Earhart on a level the rest of the public wasn't."" Swindell discussed letters, tapes and presidential communications that surfaced many years after Earhart's disappearance that provided tenuous clues." Linda Davis of The Contra Costa Times, reports on Ronald Reuther's Investigative Research Consortium held at the Oakland Air and Space Museum.


Note: The 1997-2017 Swindell Study marked the first research analysis to deeply compare Amelia Earhart to the post-World War Two person of Irene Craigmile (Bolam). For a variety of reasons, similar to the way Charles Lindbergh was suspected of leading a double-life where he was also known as 'Careu Kent'  from the 1950s into the 1970s, (something ultimately confirmed in 2004, thirty-years after he died) even more people had suspected that the post-World War Two woman known as 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 


Charles Lindbergh, AKA 'Lindy' 


Amelia, misspelled 'Earheart' above


Amelia Earhart 

Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart


Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart in 1933

Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart were among the first 'media born' world-famous celebrities of the Twentieth Century. Greater than newsprint alone would have done, during their time the recent advent of radio and news-reel film brought instant notoriety to them as never before seen. Their individual characters also measured up to their new world-fame status, leaving their lives and images forever etched in the public mindset.
People overlook, though, how the excessive media attention they endured took huge tolls on both of them.


Charles Lindbergh
In mid-May of 1927 few people knew who Charles Lindbergh was, yet by late May of that year the whole world knew who he was after he became the first person to solo a plane across the Atlantic Ocean. From that point on privacy was difficult for Charles Lindbergh to come by as the news media and general public never left him alone. This is part of the reason living under an assumed alias in his later life years was something that appealed to him.


Amelia Earhart
"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous." A quote from well-known pilot, Jackie Cochran, recalling her friend, Amelia Earhart, who in 1932 became the first woman to solo a plane across the Atlantic. Jackie, the first woman to break the sound barrier, also mentioned that during the year Amelia was prepping for her 1937 world flight she was, "closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Jackie's own husband, a millionaire by the name of Floyd Odlum, helped to finance the world flight Amelia fell short of completing that left her a 'missing person' amid odd circumstances. Evermore abetted by 'official silence' toward the matter from the United States and Japan,  according to history Amelia's missing person case was never solved. In 1939, to release her estate and to end speculation about what became of her as World War Two heated up, Amelia Earhart was legally declared "dead in absentia." Just the same, the true circumstances of her world fight outcome continued to remain a contentious subject of debate ever since the event of it occurred. 

Charles Lindbergh's Later-Life Alias
In 2004, Charles Lindbergh's family verified how from the 1950s on until his death in 1974, the famous pilot also went by the name of 'Careu Kent.' There were two main reasons he did this; the appealing thought of living a private life as a non-famous person again was one of them, and being given the opportunity to serve his country overseas by working undercover was the other. This is not promoted much in United States history books. Look it up though, it's true. Recommend author Melanie Benjamin who did an excellent job profiling this discovered reality in her 2013 historically based novel, The Aviator's Wife.

Amelia Earhart Remembered in Photographs...
Here are some of Amelia Earhart's different looks that left her iconic image so recognizable throughout the world:













It's plain to see Amelia Earhart had a variety of great looks as both a pilot and a celebrity.

The Swindell Study, however, also focused on the life of another pilot from the 1930s who had been acquainted with Amelia Earhart. Her name was 'Irene Craigmile' and in 1970, few had ever heard of her before when she suddenly made national headlines. Yet, there was a good reason for that.




Amelia Earhart's famous career as a pilot spanned a period of nine years; from the time of her Friendship flight when she was thirty-years old until she went missing when she was just shy of turning forty. The amount of different looks thousands of cameras captured of her during that time period were pretty amazing. In the below comparison showing her at opposite ends of her career, it is difficult to recognize the same person:


Amelia just before she went missing--a few weeks shy of her fortieth birthday.


Amelia at the beginning of her fame years as a pilot, age thirty-one.


Can an individual change over time physically, emotionally, spiritually, and ego-wise to a point where they become difficult to recognize after a long period of absence? Consider the following quote from Twentieth-Century philosopher, Uell Stanley Anderson:

"If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)

Here as well, consider the 1987 words of Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a former President of Seton Hall College who many considered to have been Irene Craigmile Bolam's closest later-life friend. Father Kelley, who held PhDs in Philosophy and Psychology, acknowledged helping with her post-war identity change process and did reckon her to some close acquaintances of his as 'the former Amelia Earhart.' He once described to his friend, Donald DeKoster, "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore." The point being, the public did not know 'all Amelia had been through' and how it changed her psyche to a place where she no longer wished to be the world famous celebrity she once was.

From early adulthood on, as decades pass people do age and their facial features often grow to look care-worn and hardened in the process. For what it's worth, Amelia managed to age pretty well.


Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
"I hope I've just got to never make it public." From an official White House transcript concerning some withheld knowledge it controlled about Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome, this 1938 quote came from FDR right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. as conveyed to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt. His comment pertained to some 'relayed' information the White House learned and regarded as 'classified' about something troubling that took place during Amelia and her navigator, Fred Noonan's "last few minutes", as also referenced by Morgenthau in the same transcript. Whatever it was, apparently it left FDR's inner circle assessing that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan met their demise under some kind of duress toward the end of their flight that the White House chose not to make public. The Dictaphone transcript recorded Morgenthau's words this way: "What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes. I hope--I've just go to never make it public." The inference here is remarkable. The FDR White House apparently knew something about the premature ending of Amelia's world flight it did not publicly disclose. Morgenthau's words, that again were based on relayed information that remains classified to this day, came less than a year after the duo's loss occurred on July 2, 1937, (the White House transcript was dated May 13, 1938) and at that time, considering if either or both fliers might have survived their flight's ending was not an openly entertained notion in the White House. Behind closed doors, though, it surely had been deliberated.
Note: It has long been recognized by World War Two history scholars that FDR's administration furtively withheld important information it learned about Amelia Earhart's world flight ending the public never knew, and ultimately was never supposed to know. As well, throughout the conflict and continuing afterward, soldiers once stationed in the Pacific proclaimed an awareness they had gained stating Amelia was still alive as World War Two raged on. One soldier, machine gunner, Robert E. Wallack of "D" Company, 29th Marines, (who still lived in 1994 when he was referenced by Lost Star author, Randall Brink) stated that in 1944 he found Amelia's flight satchel with her world flight documents in a safe he and other soldiers blew-open on Saipan after American troops occupied it. He recognized its importance and dutifully turned it in to an officer. After doing so he never saw or heard about it again. FOIA released FBI files revealed other soldier recollections as well (with their names blotted out) including one in December of 1944 that showed J. Edgar Hoover personally reviewing a claim from a former POW at Walter Reed Hospital, who stated he learned from an English speaking Japanese official at his POW camp that as of 1944 Amelia Earhart was, "perfectly all right." So much supports the later gained awareness of the U.S. enforcing Japan to honor a post-war adapted, 'let's both move on and away from it' attitude concerning what really happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan on and after July 2, 1937. In different ways, both nations were culpable when it came to the overall debacle the flying duo's loss turned into.  

It is true how after making it public in 1970, Joseph A. Gervais lived the remainder of his days, all the way to his dying day of January 26, 2005, never disavowing his 1965 discovery of the living, former Amelia Earhart. Except he also recognized how knowledge of Amelia's post-loss survival was something that was never meant for public ears. He just happened to figure it out and blurt it out... without realizing it was an international powder keg that was never to be disturbed.






According to a 1982 newspaper article, this photo shows the original Irene Craigmile with her son, Clarence 'Larry' Heller, who she delivered in 1934 during her brief marriage to Al Heller. 

About The Original Irene Craigmile
A Brief Look At Her Life Story  By Tod Swindell
[Excerpted rom his MSS, Protecting Earhart, ©2017 and the 1997-2017 Swindell Study ©2017]

The original Irene Craigmile's life was interspersed with difficult circumstances throughout it.
Her birth name was Irene Madalaine O'Crowley, although she was also known as 'Beatrice' and her middle name was often spelled by her family as, 'Madeline.' (A birth certificate for her was never located.)

Seven years younger than Amelia Earhart, the original Irene Craigmile was an only child whose mother died when she was twelve. Her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley remarried another woman who apparently felt uncomfortable with continuing to help raise his growing daughter after she had already been sent to live with her paternal grandmother and aunt in Newark, New Jersey.

Since the original Irene's paternal aunt's name was also 'Irene,' the original Irene was given a new family name of 'Beatrice' and she became commonly known that way. This led to school friends and family informally calling her "Bee" and she took to referring to herself that way as well. Even her 1928 wedding announcement listed her as "Beatrice O'Crowley."

After high school, the original Irene briefly attended Columbia University but chose not to continue pursuing a higher education for herself. She also twice became pregnant out of wedlock, the first time at age twenty-one and the second time at age twenty-eight, and she delivered sons both times that she never had the opportunity to raise or know beyond their childhoods.

The original Irene's first husband, Charles James Craigmile, tragically died in 1931, less than three years after the two were wed. A year later, Amelia, who was a good Zonta organization friend of the original Irene Craigmile's aunt, and Amelia's well-known pilot friend, Viola Gentry, helped introduce the original Irene to the world of piloting airplanes. This took a hard turn as well, leading to the second of the original Irene Craigmile's two unwed pregnancies due to an affair she had with her last flight instructor, Al Heller. The original Irene realized she was carrying Al's child at the same time she earned her pilot's license in late May of 1933. She and Al eloped to marry that August to legitimize their child and the original Irene barely flew again after that. The couple's marriage soon disintegrated, though, and it is evident by 1937 any civil communication between the original Irene and Al ceased when Al relocated alone to Buffalo, New York. The annulment of their marriage and an ugly child visitation and custody rights battle commenced soon after that as well. Amelia's Zonta friend, attorney Irene Rutherford O'Crowley, the aforementioned original Irene Craigmile's aunt, assisted in guiding the annulment process.

The original Irene Craigmile never had a professional career but she was employed for awhile as a 'floor walker' at Macy's in the 1930s, that was basically a low pay shelf-straightening and light 'store security' position. For awhile Amelia had a boutique in the same Macy's where she sold her self-designed clothing and luggage lines, and she may have been instrumental in getting the original Irene Craigmile hired there.
The true fate of the original Irene Craigmile remains unknown in the public arena. What is decipherable is at some point, while she was in her thirties, she no longer appeared in plain view and in due time clear photo records of her person were all-but expunged.
One also does not find the later-life Irene Craigmile's image that aligned with Amelia Earhart's image anywhere prior to the mid-1940s in the photographic record of Irene Craigmile's person. In 1982, a news article series that appeared in the New Jersey Tribune after Irene's death was reported amid renewed speculation that she was the former Amelia Earhart, featured a conglomeration of photos from prior to the World War Two era in it that combined unclear images of the original Irene Craigmile with images of the surrogate mother figure of her 1934 born son, Larry Heller. It also featured some poorly executed photo forgeries to cloud the historic photographic trail of Irene Craigmile. This 'red-herring' yellow journalism effort was intent on leaving all curious souls who observed the photos completely unaware that they were actually looking at photo images of three different human beings combined to appear as one life-long person. The three different people were the original Irene Craigmile, the surrogate mother Irene Craigmile, and the former Amelia Earhart Irene Craigmile. 

Back to the progeny of the original Irene Craigmile:

The original Irene's first born son, that she delivered out of wedlock in 1926 two years before she married Charles Craigmile, was adopted and raised by her paternal uncle, Dr. Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley, and his wife, her aunt Violet. The boy's given name was Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr. He died in 2014. Her other 1934 born son whose father was Al Heller, ended up being raised by a surrogate mother figure. He was also placed in a boarding school during the war years. He lives today known as Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller, and certifiably identifies a different 'Irene' to have been his mother than the 'Irene' who matched Amelia Earhart after the mid-1940s. This is becuase after World War Two ended, Amelia Earhart, who had gone missing in 1937 and was declared "dead in absentia" in 1939 (even though she did not actually die) assumed the left over identity of her 1930s 'pal,' the original Irene Craigmile, for herself to use for the remainder of her days.

In other words, the person who was known as Amelia Earhart was to remain 'legally dead' forever after said declaration was made in 1939, even though her body lived on to become known as 'Irene' until the death of Irene Craigmile Bolam was recorded in 1982.

Both of the original Irene's natural born sons were aware of the assertion of it, but appeared unaware that their biological mother's identity was additionally attributed to the former Amelia Earhart after the war years. It also remains uncertain if the original Irene Craigmile's first born son, Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr., was ever made aware that the original Irene Craigmile was his true biological mother. In 2003, his daughter, New Jersey newspaper journalist, Peggy O'Crowley, mentioned that her father's biological O'Crowley birthright had always existed as a "family bone of contention." In other words his own progeny was left uncertain when it came to the question of their father's biological lineage.

Larry Heller, the 1934 born son of Al Heller and the original Irene Craigmile, was always put-off by people who questioned if Amelia Earhart was his mother. He was justified to feel that way since the woman he recognized as his mother from his childhood on until her death was recorded in 1982, as mentioned, was also an entirely different Irene Craigmile than the one whose post-World War Two image and character traits forensically aligned with Amelia Earhart's.



Above: A 1982 newspaper article identified this person as Amelia's 1930s pilot friend, Irene Craigmile in 1932. Accordingly, the photo would have been taken a year after her husband, Charles James Craigmile, died from appendicitis The photo quality is poor and the origin of it is questionable. It likely does not depict the original Irene Craigmile, nor does the person in it resemble Amelia Earhart.


A quick review: Above left and right are two photos of the original Irene Craigmile during her brief flying days. The middle photo, dated '1937' identified her vacationing alone in Florida with her 1934 born son. Then below is the original Irene Craigmile in 1930 between her husband, Charles James Craigmile and her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley. Her image is contrast enhanced underneath it. Note: Clear photo images of the original Irene Craigmile displaying her prior to the World War Two era proved to be non-extant.

Switching gears for a sec,
About Amelia's Plane...


Above is a still image marking the last time Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E was seen as it takes off from Lae, New Guinea on July 1, 1937 with Amelia and Fred Noonan on board. 

False Plane Hunts

The reason it is better understood now among individuals from higher Amelia Earhart think-tanks, who long ago determined that looking for Amelia's plane was a time and money wasting endeavor, is because Amelia, who lived to become Irene, definitely would have recalled the last time she saw her plane and it wasn't at the bottom of the sea or on some mountain top, nor was it ever on or near the previously colonized Nikumaroro Island where its former inhabitants left their junk behind. It can now be considered that if Amelia's plane still exists anywhere, to include approximate to one of the above mentioned places, it would have been the result of another entity, not Amelia, having left it there. Yet the likelihood of such a thing having occurred is extremely slim. The chances are better it was destroyed... over rumors it may remain intact somewhere in a nondescript location.



©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study'


Closer on Irene's Press Conference and subsequent Lawsuit...


Amelia Earhart, 1935
"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous." A quote from famous pilot, Jackie Cochran recalling her friend, Amelia Earhart. Jackie also mentioned that during the year Amelia was prepping for her world flight she was "closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Jackie's husband, Floyd Odlum helped finance Amelia's 1937 world flight effort.


November, 1970, the former Amelia Earhart, AKA Irene Craigmile (Bolam) was ready to take on the press in order to preserve her dignity and the legacy of who she used to be.


"I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart." Irene Craigmile (Bolam) was convincing when she stated this at her press conference in response to the assertion made by former Air Force Captain, Joseph A. Gervais, found in the book, Amelia Earhart Lives shown above in the foreground. Although her present-tense denial was accepted then, decades later a thorough analysis of her background revealed she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s, because she indeed had been previously known as, Amelia Earhart.



One more look: As mentioned, the above 1970 best-selling book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives, in time wound up being derided and withdrawn from stores for suggesting that Amelia Earhart continued to privately live-on for many years after she went missing--with the name of 'Irene' newly applied to her person. This is because a few far-fetched ideas the book presented in its attempt to explain how Amelia survived--and why she changed her name--overshadowed the solid investigative research it contained. Not to leave out, due to what she felt were some misleading suggestions it featured about her, the still-living former Amelia Earhart herself refused to endorse it. Instead, she ended up suing Joe Klaas, Joseph A. Gervais, (whose ten-year investigation was the book was based on) and the McGraw-Hill publishing company for defamation--in a case that lasted five years and had nothing to do with whether she was or wasn't the former Amelia Earhart. Because of this drawn-out lawsuit people lost interest in the assertion of her past identity to the point of no longer viewing her as suspect, leaving the book to be largely forgotten today. Anymore though, the first-ever 'comparison analysis' found within The 1997-2017 Swindell Study revealed how Amelia Earhart Lives actually did strike a chord of pure truth--when it came to answering the 'past identity' question of the post-World War Two individual known as,  Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam.) It is now a 100% certain reality--she was previously known as, "Amelia Earhart."

Continue previewing the upcoming documentary featuring The 1997-2017 Swindell Study results:


Above: Again, the 1977 photo portrait of the post-World War Two, proudly posed, wings adorned, Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam). This is the same Irene who appeared in the 1960s' photographs with her then husband, Guy Bolam. While she commanded great respect among those who knew her in her later years, it turned out she was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s. This was because she had previously been known as, "Amelia Earhart."

Below, the "plural" Irene's Rear Admiral Tissot referred to. Since the 1970s, people were led to believe these two individuals were the same person. Digital Face Recognition and a multitude of other comparisons displayed in The Swindell Study proved they were not the same person--and it wasn't even close.  


Irene Craigmile, 1940


Irene Craigmile (Bolam), 1965

Below: From the 'facial recognition' portion of The Swindell Study, Amelia Earhart's face was digitally compared to that of the post-World War Two Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam). This had never been done before. The samples displayed below exist among hundreds that also compared their head-to-toe physical bodies and personal character traits. The Study deeply investigated the original Irene Craigmile's background as well, to include executing a signed agreement that enabled interviews with her 1934 born son, Clarence 'Larry' Heller--who in 2006, and again to edify in 2014, identified a different person to have been his 'mother' than the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam). This was a major breakthrough where ever since 1970, when the controversy over who 'Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' really was first made national headlines--the general public was encouraged to accept that the original Irene Craigmile and the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam) were one in the same person--when in fact they were entirely different human beings.


Amelia Earhart in 1937


Amelia digitally superimposed with her later-life self in 1965, shown on the right. The former Amelia Earhart's ongoing existence was first discovered in the 1960s, although it was not officially endorsed to the public.


Above, the post-World War Two 'Irene' in 1965, FKA 'Amelia' as she appeared in the 1970 Joe Klaas book, Amelia Earhart Lives.

Below, according to history, the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile (Bolam), who clearly aligned with Amelia Earhart above, was the same person as the one identified by Irene Craigmile's 1934 born son directly below. The Swindell Study delivered the reality of more than one person identified as the same 'Irene' to an obvious state by way of forensically proving they were not one in the same human being.


Irene Craigmile in 1940, as identified by her son.


Younger-older photos digitally superimposed display the congruence


Irene Craigmile Bolam in the 1970s, identified by her son


Above is the cover of Irene Craigmile Bolam's Memorial Dinner Program. Her death was recorded on July 7, 1982, although it remains unclear who actually died on that day; the Irene on the program cover who was identified by her son--or the former Amelia Earhart who used his mother's identity in her later life years. The '1970s' photo on the program cover was provided by her son and only child, Clarence, who turned forty-eight in 1982. It does not depict the image of the post-World War Two Irene Craigmile Bolam below, AKA 'the former Amelia Earhart' shown in the 1965 photo taken by Joseph A. Gervais.


"This is not a new idea or suggestion. The late USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais (1924-2005), a military hero who flew missions in World War Two, Korea, and Vietnam discovered the 'Amelia became Irene' truth after deeply investigating it a half-century ago. It was just never publicly endorsed or forensically verified--so people had a hard time believing it. Now it has been forensically verified and it's time for those who dominate the official history of what became of Amelia Earhart to stop deceiving the public about it. Instead, it is time for official history to address this now understood reality head-on. Yet the ones leading the charge will have to command the same level of courage Amelia herself did--in order to bring an end to the rather awkward tradition of official historians treating the general U.S. citizenry like fools--where it pertains to the true aftermath of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome." Tod Swindell

"No one has single-handedly done more to advance the reality of Amelia Earhart's private-life continued existence than Tod Swindell. The forensic equation he produced is infallible." Stateside Journalist, Rosalea Barker


Amelia Earhart


Senator Hiram Bingham and Amelia Earhart


'Irene' in 1965, FKA 'Amelia'


'Irene' in 1977, FKA 'Amelia'


Above: The post-World War Two Irene and Amelia


Above: The post-World War Two Irene and Amelia




Another note about the post-World War Two, Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam):
Because Amelia's late sister, her still living niece, the original Irene Craigmile's family and the Smithsonian Institution have never endorsed her as the former Amelia Earhart, and where the U.S. Federal government has never commented on the controversy over who she really was, or used to be, the general public still does not recognize the post-World War Two, 'Mrs. Irene Craigmile (Bolam)' as the former Amelia Earhart--even though Amelia Earhart definitely was who she used to be.

Gervais, a former U.S. Air Force Captain who retired as a Major in 1963, did find that a person by the name of 'Irene Craigmile' had known Amelia Earhart in the 1930s. He learned how at the age of 26 in 1931, she was widowed when her husband, Charles Craigmile died, and he found evidence of a pilot's license that she held from 1933 to 1937, noticing she never flew much while she had it.

Joseph A. Gervais also confirmed how from a second brief 'shotgun' marriage, Irene Craigmile had a son in 1934 who grew up to become an airline pilot. He further learned how according to record, in 1958, supposedly the same 'Irene Craigmile' was married for a third time to Guy Bolam, an Englishman who was an executive with Radio Luxembourg in Europe.

Below: Irene to Amelia, ©2017 'The 1997-2017 Swindell Study' 


Above: Amelia 

When Joseph A. Gervais looked into the original Irene Craigmile's family lineage--the respected O'Crowley-Rutherford's of Newark, New Jersey--he noticed the other main 'relative' connection to Amelia. It came by way of Irene Craigmile's aunt, a New York lawyer by the name of Irene Rutherford O'Crowley who had been a Zonta organization friend of Amelia's and a legal contract advisor for her 'Amelia Earhart' brand luggage line. It was here that Joe Gervais found it odd, given Irene Craigmile's impressive family background, that he was unable to locate a single clear photograph that featured Irene Craigmile prior to 1946. He tried but he could not locate any clear family photos, any school photos, or any wedding or married couple photos. The few photos he did manage to locate were of such low quality it proved difficult to positively identify the female person in them, but he could tell the pre-1940s Irene Craigmile did not much resemble her former pilot friend, Amelia Earhart anywhere close to the way her post-World War Two image did.


Above: Joseph A. Gervais learned both of these photos depicted Amelia Earhart's 1930s friend, the original Irene Craigmile. The photos were most likely taken in 1932 or 1933. In early 1934, the original Irene Craigmile (known briefly then as 'Irene Heller') gave birth to a son she named 'Clarence' after eloping to wed Alvin Heller, her former flying instructor. She was three months into her pregnancy when their county clerk wedding took place in Ohio. Their relationship was rocky from the start, though, and by 1937 the two had separated. Their marriage was subsequently annulled as well, thus reverting the original Irene's surname back to 'Craigmile.' 


After being rebuffed by Irene and her friends and family, and with a firm request to 'stay away' from her grown son by her ex-husband, Al Heller, by then Joseph A. Gervais was finding the Irene Craigmile connection to Amelia Earhart very peculiar.
Having met Irene Craigmile Bolam up close in 1965, he had already noticed something hauntingly familiar about her, and after adding everything together he determined that more than one woman was attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity--and the post-war Irene Craigmile Bolam who he met in 1965 with her British husband, Guy, was somehow the still-living 'Amelia Earhart' using her old friend, Irene Craigmile's identity as a cover.

In fact, Gervais was so confident and sure after nearly five years of being unable to draw any other conclusion, that when he was approached by a writer and a reputable book publishing company he decided to publicly assert his conclusion.
Joseph A. Gervais made national news headlines when he did that in 1970, through a touted book by Joe Klaas bearing the title of, Amelia Earhart Lives. It was a myopic decision on his part, though, because so too did the surprisingly powerful and enigmatic Irene Craigmile Bolam make headlines then, when she lawyered-up and rigidly dismissed his assertion.
Not long after she did that the book was withdrawn and the assertion made by Joseph A. Gervais was chalked up as a 'hoax' and soon forgotten. Yet what was overlooked by practically everyone except Gervais, was that Irene Craigmile Bolam never proved that she was not the former Amelia Earhart.

Although Joseph A. Gervais was discredited, his assertion about the post-war Irene was never proved false and he certainly was not alone in his thinking. Several of the post-war Irene's later life friends agreed with him. They strongly believed, notwithstanding her refusal to publicly admit it, that she did used to be known as Amelia Earhart and they maintained their suspicions of it even after her death was recorded in 1982. Amazingly, it wasn't until the late 1990s that film producer, Tod Swindell, who found the Irene-Amelia story highly perplexing, ultimately decided to forensically compare Irene Craigmile (Bolam) and Amelia Earhart to each other. His initial results were pretty impressive, yet as his study continued they were soon astonishing all who viewed them in a 'how could this be?' kind of way.